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Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - March 20, 1939, Kingsport, Tennessee _ I __X jp I i 69 MEMBER A. B. C. KINGSPORT, TENNESSEE, MONDAY, MARCH 20, .1939 EIGHT PAGES TODAY PRICE THREE CENTS ffiC CHAIRMAN NAMED TO HIGH COURT BY F.D.R. W. O. Douglas, Stalwart of New Deal, is Appointed To Succeed Brandeis Queen of Scots7 Sues Sir Oswald WASHINGTON. March William O. Douglas, 40 year old chairman of the securities com- mission, was nominated by Presi- dent Roosevelt today to be an As- sociate justce of the supreme court. If the nomination is confirmed by the senate, Douglas will suc- ceed the veteran Justice Louis D. Brandeis, who retired February 13 after 23 years on the high tribu- nal. Although there had been a wide- spread demand for appointment of a westerner to fill the court va- cancy, Douglas, a former Yale law professor, was appointed from Con- necticut However, Douglas was born in Minnesota and received his early schooling in Washington state. Chairman Ashurst (D-Ariz) of the senate judiciary committee ap- pointed a seven-man subcommit- tee to consider Douglas' nomina- tion. With western senators pre- dominating, the committee was lisfjd as follows: Hatch of New Mexico, King of Utah. McCarran of Nevada, Burke of Nebraska and O'Mahoney of Wyoming, all Democrats, and Bo- rah of Idaho and Danaher of Con- necticut, Republicans.- Hearings The committee was expected to order hearings on the nomination within the next few days. Borah strongly favors Douglas' appointment, and has been active in lining up senate support for the 3ormer Yale law professor. Burke told reporters he had been "favorably impressed" with Doug- Jas and that the latter would make an able justice. Danah described the nomination as "splendid" and said Douglas was "highly qualified and competent." King Objects King, however, had this to say: "They ought to have appointed a man who had some judicial ex- man like Justice Har- old Stephens of the Court of Ap- eals for the District of Columbia ACCUSE PLANTS STORING ARMS TO CURB UNIONS Ban Advocated on Use Ma- chine Guna and Chemicals In Event of Strikes LITHUANIA AGREES TO HAND MENEL TO NAZIS WHEN PROVINCE DEMANDS GERMAN ANNEXATION Tommy's British Actress Mary Tavernaii, above, described by admirers as the "reincarnation of Mary Queen of has filed a slander suit against Sir Oswald Mosely, British fascist leader. Miss Tavernan is a member of Freedom for Scotland Society. PRAGUE LEGATION IS CLOSED BY U. S. 4 Hatch sai'd the sub-committee would meet at the earliest possible time and "if hearings are desired they will be held." State Department Orders Minister to Czechoslovakia To Return Home WASHINGTON, March 20. The senate civil liberties commit- tee said today "the 'purchasing and storing of arsenals of firearms and tear and sickening gas weapons is a common practice by large em- ployers who refuse to bargain col- lectively with legitimate labor unions." The committee, headed by Sena- tor La Follette re- commended legislation to prevent the use of machine guns and "of- fensive chemical weapons" in in- dustrial disputes. It also urged that movements of armed com- pany police and strike guards be restricted to plant property. Employers' Rights Any legislation should maintain employers' rights to protect their property, the committee added. It reported that employers pur- chased of tear and sick- ening gas between 1933 and June, 1937, "chiefly during or in antici- pation of strikes." "All of the largest individual purchasers are the report said, "and their totals far surpass those of large law enforce- ment purchasers. "In fact, the largest purchaser of gas equipment in the country, the Republic Steel Corporation, bought four times as much ns the largest law enforcement purchaser." Republic Armed During the "little steel" strike of 1937, the committee said, Re- public had 552 revolvers, 64 rifles with rounds of ammunition, 245 shotguns and rounds of shotgun shells, 143 gas guns and 4.033 gas projectiles, and hand grenades." "Out of worth of gas purchased by the 80 largest private purchasers between January, 1933, and June, the committee said, was bought during strikes or when strikes were threatened. "In all, S364.507 worth of gas was purchased before or during strikes Dr strike threats in which union recognition was teh exclusive or a contributing factor." Depend On Strikes The committee statement out- lined activities 'of-three firms which it said sell most of the tear WASHINGTON, March 20. Chairman Ashurst said the judi- j The United States closed its lega- ciary committee would give the tion in Prague today and ordered nomination-'the thorough and careful consideration that was given to" Mr. Justice Black, Mr. Justice Reed and Mr. Justice Frankfurter." Douglas is known as a consist- ent new deal supporter. Recently, he denounced as a "phoney" a proposal from the stock exchanges to trading rules. Fourth Appointment This was President Roosevelt's fourth appointment in less than two years .to the. nine-man court. There was no vacancy during his first term. Another vacancy would permit him to name a majority of the bench. Chief Justice Charles Ev- ans Hushes will be 77 on April 1, Justice James C. McReynolds already is 77, and Justice Pierce Butler is 72. There has been speculation over (See WILLIAM DOUGLAS, p. 8) WEATHER its Minister to Czechoslovakia to return to this country. The Minister, Wilbur J. Carr, was directed to turn the legation over to American consular officials in Prague, capital of the latest country absorbed by Germany's "march to the east." The order went from Washing- ton in the midst of a renewal of congressional debate over Ameri- can foreign policy. The State Department also re- leased a telegram from Carr, dated March 17, which said: "There are no officials of the Czechoslovak .government to which I am accredited with whom I can maintain relations for the protec- tion of the interests of the United States and its citizens." In the house, Representative Thill (R-Wis) declared he never would vote to "embroil the United States in the coming European war." "Hitler's seven league boots will lead to another European con- Thill said, asserting America must make up her mind "whether she .will stay neutral or and sickening gas Federal Laboratories, Inc., of Pittsburgh, the Lake Erie Chemi- cal Company of Cleveland and the Manville Manufacturing Corpora- (See CIVIL LIBERTIES, Page 8) not." CLOUDY, COLDER I Administration officials were bil- TENNESSEE: lent pending disclosure of the text o s 11 y cloudy of a formal protest to Germany GARNER STANDING ON '32 PLATFORM Singer Yvonne Arden, above, described by Tommy Manville as "the most beautiful blond I have ever will become wife No. 5 of the New York playboy, according to Manville. No date for the wedding has been announced. BRITAIN SEEKS ANTI-HITLER PACT SIGNERS Two Envoys Without a Country 'Non-Aggression' Agreement Is Extended to Smaller Nations of Europe LONDON, March 20. oritative diplomatic quarters said today Britain had proposed an an- ti-aggression declaration by herself France, Soviet Russia and any oth- er nation willing to join a common "stop Hitler" front. These quarters said the anti-ag- gression declaration was offered as a counter-proposal to ,a Russian suggestion for a joint conference of democratic nations to consider means of resisting possible German aggression. It was not clear whether the Rus- sian proposal envisaged participa- tion of the United States in such a conference. V. S. Welcomed The view in London, however, was that American participation would be welcomed if it could .be obtained. SULLIVAN YOUTH FATALLY WOUNDED 'Red" Conkin is Victim of Gunshot Allegedly Fired by Hawkins Deputy Vice President, Mentioned As 1940 Candidate, Holds Same Views on Government WASHINGTON, March Vice-President Garner, it was learned today, is answering inqui- ries about his stand on govern- mental policies by citing a state- ment of views he made in 1932. He says he now holds the same opinions. The 1932 statement was con- tained in a letter accepting the Democratic vice-presidential nom- 'nation. Foregoing the usual no- Investigation today is underway by Hawkins and Sullivan county- officers regarding the fatal shoot- ing of "Red" Conkin, 23, allegedly by Deputy Sheriff Frank McCiure of Hawkins county. Conkin. a resident of the 15th district of Sullivan county near the Hawkins county line, was reported to have been shot by McCiure about p.m. yesterday after the officer had arrested him on a charge of public drunkenness According to Magistrate J. E Morelock of the loth district, the shooting occurred in Hawkins county near the Duncan Church section. McCiure was quoted as saying that he arrested the youth and while walking along the road the latter "jerked loose" and started running. The magistrate said Mc- Ciure shot Conkin with a .45 cali- ber pistol and that the youth con- tinued to run approximately 25 yards before he fell dead. Deputy Sheriff G. C. Alvis and Constable Tom Richmond sale they examined the body of Conkin and that the bullet entered his back approximately five inches from the spinal column. '.vith local tonight and Tuesday. in southeast and colder in north- ivest portion to- night. Colder in northeast portion Tuesday. VIRGINIA: Generally fair in north and mostly floudy and war- mer jn soutj) por- tion tonight. Tuesday generally fair and colder. Wednesday rain. KENTUCKY.--Mostly cloudy to- night and Tuesday, followed by showers Tuesday nifrht and in ex- treme, west portion Tufsday after- noon. Colder tonight, slowly rising temperature Tuesday in west por- tion. over its absorption of Czecho-Slov- akia. On capitol hill, howover, legis- lators quickly were taking sides for or against a bill by Chairman Pitt- man (D-Nfcv.) of the Senate Fore- ign Relations Committee to let warring nations buy arms in this country if they pay cash and ship them in their own vessels. Shipments Bombed The present neutrality law bans such shipments whenever the pres- ident finds that a state of war exists. Senator Borah (R-Idahol took issue with Pittman's proposal, ad- vocating instead a prohibition on the sale "directly or indirectly of all instruments of war to any and all nations engaged in armed con- flict." (See U. S. NEUTRALITY, 1'age 8) Mystery Shooting Of Youthful Football Star, Puzzles Police ftof RIDGELY. Tonn., March 20. (fp, series of anonymous written llenges and the pistol wounding Doug Canaday. All-West Ten- :ee football player of Rklgely school, had this community mystified today. I Canaday said he was in the j hand Friday night after accepting a. challenge to "meet me behind the sawmill." He said it was his second such meeting. Sheriff Alf j H. Haynes quoted the youth as j saying he did not know his assail-1 ant but could recognize him. i Haynes was frankly nonplussed. I "Doug is a fine boy. an extra nice j he said. "He's abcut 1'j or LXX I can't figure who would want to shoot him. The note.s were handed to him by a negro on the .street." The sheriff said the firs! note, received more than a week ago, declared in substance: "If you want to do what you once did and want to show that you're not yel- low, meet me Saturday night." Canaday said he arrived at the designated spot and his assailant, without a word, struck him in the face. The footballer returned the blrm-. knocking the other man out. and then put the unconscious man in an automobile standing close bv. he said. (Use MYSTERY SHOOTEi'G, P. 5) c _ I iiuiu LI it: oiJHini L.UIUILUI. ification ceremony Garner wrote saiu- Burrendered Barkley. Democrat, Ken- lo him and stated that after Con. kin started to escape he had chas- ed 'him several yards. He quoted McCiure as saying he was about to overtake the youth when the ;ucky, his philosophy of govern- nent. Two Things "There are just two things tc .his government as I see the 'etter said. "The first is to safe- juard the lives and properties of aur people; the second is to in- (Sce JOHN GARNER, page 8) CAUSE IS SOUGHT FOR PLANE CRASH SCORES HITLER ACTION LONDON, March 20. The Two lives were lost when an au- tomobile rolled off a ferry into the Cumberland river near Nashville yesterday, bringing the state's auto death toll for the week to nine. Thomas R. Hulan, 34, and his sister, Novella, 34, were trapped in the car as it sank to the river's bottom. Two other occupants, Wil- liam Hulan. 34, a brother of the victims, and A. B. Lancaster, 23, es- caped by breaking a window and swimming ashore. The survivors assigned Thomas Hulan's inexperienced driving as the cause of the tragedy. They said he had driven onto the boat. Suddenly the car moved forward, latter stopped and threatened him crashing a chain guard and top with a 33-inch wooden club after j PlinS overboard. which the officer fired one shot. Alvis said McCiure was arrested on a murder charge and released under bond. Preliminary hearing has been set before Magis- trate B. E. Smith of Church Hill at 1 p.m. Thursday. Conkin is survived by his par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Conkin, one sister, Mrs. Dean Bragg, of Blairs Gap, seven brothers, Mike, Oscar, Earl, Houston, Dcwey, Experts View Wreckage of amt Kcllv Conkin. Funeral services will b Stratosphere Liner Which Carried Ten to Death ALDER, Wash., March 20. Aviation experts came to this be held to- morrow at 2 p.m. at the home by the Rev. Elbcrt Mclear. Interment will be in Mullins cemetery. Development of light bulbs with- out filaments, utilizing helium in- Released Clutch William Hulan said his brother probably released the clutch after meshing the gears, thinking he had shifted into neutral. Earjicr in the week a Florida truck driver was killed and a com- panion injured when their vehicle charged off the airline highway near Harriman and overturned. Near Dyersburg, a Dyer county farmer lost his life when his car crashed through bridge railings and dropped into Lewis creek. A companion escaped with injuries. Boy Killed "A 5-year-old boy was killed when struck by an automobile on a high- way near Selmer. Other deaths recorded were the mountain village today to seek an I stead, has been predicted. Then results of previous accidents, explanation for the crash of the (he boys can sing under the gas I A Chattanooga woman died of in- explanation for the crash of the new four-motored Boeing strato- liner which carried its 10 occu- pants to death in a spectacular 10.000-foot plunge Saturday. Victims of the crash included A. G. Von Baumhauer. aeronautics engineer for the Netherlands gov- ernment; Peter Guilonarcl. assist- ant manager of the Royal Dutch Air Lines, and several prominent American airmen. Presence of Von Baumhauer and Guilonard in Seattle had not been generally known. Von Baumhauer was a member of the Dutch Air Mission to the United States. Guil- onard came on private business. Twisted Wreckage Federal and Boeing officials studied the twibted wreckage of the ship to determine whether a structural fault re- sponsible. Thomas Hardin of Wash- ington. U. C.. vice chairman of the air safety board of the Civil Aero- (See PLANE CEASH. Page S) boys light again. (Sec AUTO DEATHS, 8) Are we downhearted? No! Pictured at entrance 0. S. State Department in Washington are. left, Vladimir Hurban, former Czech minister, and Dr. Don Fernando de los Rios, former ambassador from Spain. Still smiling, though without an. official_country. SENATORS FAVOR TAX LEVY CHANGE MOBILIZATION NEXT MOVE FOR FRANCE Independent Congressio n a 1 Action May Be Asked on Business Levies 20. Sentiment increased in the senate finance committee today for inde- pendent (.ongressional action to overhaul business taxes if Presi- dent Rooseve.'t fails to recommend their revision. The President said last week the Treasury was malting tactual stud- ies to ascertain effects of suggest- ed changes in the tax structure. He revenues remain- at :heir present level. Chairman Harrison (D-Miss) of the finance committee said he stood ready to cooperate with Secretar- ies Morgenthau and Hopkins, both of whom have suggested that taxes could be revised in an effort to encourage business. Senator George a finance committee member, said he inter- preted Mr. Roosevelt's recent state- ments as indicating the'chief exe- cutive had no desire to. revamp the present system. Up To Congress Senators Adams (D-Colo) and Austin (R-Vt) agreed with George that congress should take matters into its..own' hands in the event administration .proposals are not forthcoming. George told reporters there was no doubt that majority of the sen- ate favored overhauling corpora- tion taxes. Congressional talk is centering "on a proposal to substi- tute a fiat-rate levy on corporation income for the existing undistri- buted profits, capital stock and ex- cess profits taxes. Administration followers argue that this might deter business, be- cause a higher rate would bi3 ne- cessary to compensate for existing levies. Reorganization Dehate As for other fields of congres- sional activity, the senate mished ihead with debate on the adminis- tration's government reorganiza- tion bill. Under the house-approved mea- sure, the President could revamp most government agencies by exe- (Sec BUSINESS TAXES, Page 8) NAZI TROOPS WE ANSWER FREEDOM CRY Report Lithuania Considers Memel As Unnecessary Ballast at Present BERLIN, March many and .Lithuania were reported today to have come to an under- standing on Germany's possible ennexation of Memel. The outcome of conversaticns between Jouzas Urbsys, Lithuan- ian foreign minister, and Joachim Von Ribbentrop, German -.foreign minister, was described as: 1. Germany will receive Memel with open arms if and when Mem- eilanders make known their .de- sire to get "home into the Reich." 2. Lithuania will consider her- self rid of unnecessary ballast. Daladier to Strengthen His Border Garrisons as Warn- ing to Germany The ostensible cause for Hem- el's reunion with Germany, how- ever, will be .Memel not Germany or Lithuania.. Liberating Troops The Memel Landtag, meeting March 25, is expected to raise the cry of self-determination with a demand to' home to the, By TAYLOR HENRY PARIS, March 20. The French government was reported today to have decided upon region- al mobilization along the Rhine- land frontier as a warning ;to Ger- many to hands off Rumania, a French ally. Political sources indicated that the first use Premier Daladier would make of the unprecedented dictatorial powers" by Parliament yesterday would be an armed demonstration' to Rumania that she would not have to face German threats alone. Troops Recalled Usually secrecy surrounded a hastily-called cabinet meeting yes- terday, but political observers agreed that the first plenary de- crees, submitted for President Al- bert Lebrun's signature today, would start the recall of troops and would be designed to bring the French army's standing strength up to nearly men. French military measures, these sources said, were tied in with a sudden stiffening of the French and British diplomatic policy after-las prepared to- find the Memel NEW JURISDICTION CLAIMED BY UNION Tenant Farmers' Organiza- tion Contends Workers Eligible Last Minute News Flashes PANS FURTHERED FOR STATE 1'ARK NASHVILLE, March Park Director Sam Brcw- ster -said today the conservation department planned to acquire by July a trat for the Steel Creek park five miles south of Bristol. PROVIDENCE, R. I., March trucking, with few exceptions, was virtually haldted in Rhode Island today as truck drivers struck for higher wages after the breakdown of negotiations for a new for drivers in Rhode Is- land, Massachusetts and Connecticut. -------.-------------o-------------------- LOS ANGELES, March Gorin. Pacific coast manager of Intourist, Soviet government agency, was sentenced in U. S. district court today to serve sb: years in a federal penitentiary Hiicd Tcr MEMPHIS. March 20. Southern Tenant Farmers' Union, which now says it has mem- bers in six states, laid claim today to labor jurisdiction including an estimated two and a half mi'.iion workers in all southern states. An emergency meeting yesterday voted to extend its jurisdiction to include all farm workers, whether farm laborers, sharecroppers, ten- ants or small farm owners, together with all relief workers living in rural areas throughout the south. "We'll make the STFU a real industrial union." commented H. L. Mitchell, STFU secretary. The convention added its formal approval to the executive council's action of a week ago in withdraw- ing: from the United Cannery. Agri- cultural. Packing and Allied Work- ers of America, a CIO affiliate. It voted to leave to the council the question of any futura affiliation with either AFL or CIO. The STFU charged the UCAWA- PA was "Communist-dominated" and had attempted to wrest con- trol of the tenant union from STFU officers. Nazi Germany absorbed a. large part of Czechoslovakia last week. Ambassador Reports Daladier was reported" to have called to the. colors special fortress troop's from the last three classes which have completejt their military service. It Jilso was said an additional class of men might be summoned. War ministry officials said the army would be strengthened, but gave no details. Robert Coulondre, French am- bassador to Berlin the British ambassador-to Berlin and the German envoy to summoned back "to ar- rived today and went immediately to see Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet. Anti-Jewish Party Loses AH Posts In Zurich Ballot ZURICH, Switzerland, March 20. anti-Jewish "firm hand" 'Frontist party lost its six se'ats for the city of Zurich in the grand council, or legislative body of Zurich' Canton, first tabulations of yesterday's election figures showed today." The defeat of the Frontists was widely interpreted in the press as a significant demonstration of vo- ters' determination to main Swiss democratic principles. The popu- lation of Zurich Canton is almost entirely German-speaking. WANT HITLER ACTION FREE CITY OF DANZIG, March Danzig gov- ernment spokesman declared today that the Free City, was waiting anxiously for reunion with Germany but "our best information is that the time has not come for such a step." "We are not looking for any Immediate change in our stat- he said. "We must re- on Berlin to make the deci- sion for us." ._ Then Chancellor ing columns would enter Memel as liberators. Whether the Lithuanian atti- tude was .prompted by events in centra! Europe or whether Lith- uania intended to cffer Memel to Germany anyway, Urbsys appear- ed to have' become convinced that loss of the square mile dis_- trict would be good riddance. Economic Terms Lithuanian, it was., said, would offer attractive economic terms for Germany's purchase of her pro- duce chiefly geese, butter, eggs and timber. Although Lithuania pictured Landtag's' expected self-determi-. nation cry "most Lithuanian diplomatic quarters were 'positive their foreign minis- ter had no -intention of applying for a protectorate' for his coun- tdy. "If anybody tries to enter bur country by force of one Lithuanian said, "we will resist to the last and defend our inde- pendence." No Disturbance Both Von Ribbentrop and Urb- sys were understood to have agreed that settlement of the Memel question need not disturb- rela- tions between the. two countries. It was announced at. the same time that count Johannes Von Welczek, German ambassa- dor to Paris, had been ordered "to return to Berlin to report." French Ambassador Robert Cou- londre, called back Saturday by his government, already had left the German capital. Circumstantial, evidence indicat-" ed that the reunion of Memel with Greater Germany is on'y, a ques- tion of days. Taken From Germany (Memel, a Baltic district square miles in area, was detach- ed from Germany by the Versail- les treaty and later placed under Lithuanian sovereignty with a measure of autonomy.) With Chancellor Hitler back in his world-watched chancellery and the press hinting a possible can- cellation of the '1935 British-Ger- (See MEMEL NEXT, Page 8) Wilson Self-Determining Theory Given Reverse English By Hitler By DeWITT MacKENZIE .Uhoi'iutecJ I'rewi J'orclBu Affairs Writer NEW YORK, March 20. Chancellor Hitler's empire-building progress is developing an amazing paradox which would be unbeliev- able if it didn't hit one right in the face. In imposing his domination over small countries the Fuehrer is coolly putting reverse English on Sudetenland last fall, has stirred all the other minorities of eastern Europe and, the Balkans into re- newed activity. These little folk are about full of fresh .hope from the Baltic to the Black. Sea. There isn't a country in all that vast reach of the continent which hasn't its minority problem.- Some of the insurgents want to Woodrow Wilson's famous ideal of j be wholly "independent, and others self-determination for minorities i wish to return to the nation from' and is turning it to his own ad- which they 'sprung. Eeternal hope vantage. J makes each one of them believe it Hitler's triumph at Munich, and j can guess under which shell the his annexation of the big German pea is concealed.. 'population in Czeclio Slovakia's (Sso ACTIVE, p. 8)
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