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Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - March 14, 1939, Kingsport, Tennessee 1 tf lj jl lutujsjmrf VOL. 64 MEMBER A. B. C. KINGSPORT, TENNESSEE. TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1939 EIGHT PAGES TODAY PRICE THREE CENTS CZECH COLLAPSES UNDER HITLER PRESSURE FDR STRESSES NEED FOR MORE FUNDS FOR WPA Board Orders Slum Survey Extended Over Larger Area President Describes Situation as "Serious" In Congress Appeal The Kingsport Housing Authority today authorized a wider and more extensive slum clearance survey after hear- j, ing reports that as many as nine persons are occupying CURBIS URGED ON MONETARY POWER OF FDR f WASHINGTON. March 14. President Roosevelt, describing the relief situation as "very told the lawmaking branch today that responsibility for appropriat- ing sufficient money to carry on WPA until July 1 "rests of neces- sity" on congress. While not recommending a spe- cific deficiency figure, the Presi- dent, in a special message, asserted recent data furnished him substan- tiated the "real need" of his previ- ous-proposal for an additional ap- propriation of No Change This was the amount cut ny con- gress from his original January re- quest for to run WPA the last five months of the fiscal year, and which he asked to have restored in a message February 7. In his message today, Mr. Roose- velt said there had been no "sub- stantial change" in conditions unemployment since then. i one and two room "shacks" that are without water and sanitary conditions. Numerous instances of such cases attended by city officials and resi- dents of the entire territory com- prising the local slum clearance district for the purpose of ascer- taining whether the board shall start negotiations with the United State Housing Authority for fund.s to eliminate slum conditions. It was pointed out that if the project is approved, the USHA will furnish 90 percent of the cost while the local authority is required to sell bonds amounting to 10 percent which are retired through collec- tion of rents estimated to amount to from 52.50 per room to per room. Tax Free Tho USHA requires that the slum clearance project must be tax free so far as the new houses are con- cerned and that the local author- were reported to the slum clear- j ance board of commissioners held last night at the City hall. The information was disclosed in a report of G. P. Caut, Jr., named to complete the survey. Gaut in- formed the commissioners that 50 of the 85 houses in the area of his first survey, made last week, were classed as sub-standard, unsanitary and overcrowded. More Surveys The report set out that the av- erage monthly rental paid by oc- cupants of the sub-standard houses was 58.41. Several other surveys are to be made immediately. They include Gibsontown, Nelsontown, Long Is- land, Devault addition, known as Slab Town, a settlement located tannery and that city bounded by behind the old section of the Poplar, Oak, Myrtle and Dale streets. The board voted that following of I receipt of a complete survey of the _ i city and surrounding territory oTThe United i a'jadius of ten miles, a pub- States is faced today with a condi- tion and not a the chief executive declared. "The insuffi- ciency of the money appropriated will compel the administrator to discharge about a million and a quarter actual workers in the im- mediate future. Rests on Congress "I cannot bring myself to believe that these discharged men and women will contribute to the pros- perity of the United States, nor do I believe that the merchants and landlords they are now dealing with will become prosperous when their trade ceases. "Therefore, the responsibility for I the situation in which all of these will find themselves during the coming three months rests of necessity within the decision of the congress of the United States." lie meeting be called to be Ex-Treasury Officials Wants Dollar Devaluation Right of President Dropped ity must provide for the mainte- i banker. WASHINGTON, March 14. T. Jefferson Coo'.kige, one-time treasury official who quit the ad- ministration, urged congress today to curb the President's monetary powers. Coolidge told a senate bankin and currency sub-committee that "our banking system is overflood- ed" as a result of a gold devalua- tion policy, and, he declared, the President's power to devalue the dollar still further should be al- lowed to expire on June 30. Coolidge is one ol several m who have left posts in the treasury after policy disagreements. He was the department's under-secretary for a time and now is a Boston Separatist Slovaks Riot Against Czechs nance of the houses from rents collected. Interest will be charged by the government during the 60-year period, but the amount will be off- set by government allowance of a subsidy amounting to three and (Sec SLUM CLEARANCE, P. S) UMW ASKS HIGHER RATE, LESS WORK Want Wage Hike of 50 cents Per Day for Work Week of 30 to 35 Hours LEGION OUTLINES PLANS FOR PARK us to study and work for the g-Teat- NEW YORK, March 14. mands for a wage increase of 50 cents a day and a reduction in the work week from 35 to 30 hours were made by the United Mine Workers of America today to the lal operators at the if their joint confer- er efficiency of government" that additional studies were and pro- ence on a new contract. per. He declared, however, that the government was faced at the mo- ment with a condition not an ab- straction. He also said there had been al- legations that he would be satisfied if no further appropriation were made for the coming three months. Definite Policy "I feel that in justice to !he President said, "I must make it clear that I am not sending this message to the congress merely for the purpose of going through mo- tions. "For more than six years it has been the definite policy the President and the congress that needy persons, out cf work, should not be allowed to starve: and it was an obligation of the federal government to give work to those able to work and an obligation of state and local government and of private charities to take care of L those needy persons who are un- l (See RELIEF FUND, page S) WEATHER CLOUDY AND WARMER TENNESSEE mid KENTUCKY: Increasing cloudi- ness and warmer tonight followed i p h t rain Wednesday and in ex- treme wrst por- tions late tonight W c d n e s day morning. Colder The miners asked for adoption of cept for maintainance. Post Agrees to Operate Park Through Summer; City to Act on Proposal Tonight Members of the executive com- mittee of Hammond Post of the American Legion last night in- formed a committee of city offi- cials that the organization would agree to operate and supervise Legion Park during the summer months without incurring anv obli- gation on the part of the city ex- a six-hour, five-day week instead of the present seven-hour, five-day week. They also asked for a basic wage of S6.50 a day as compared with the current rate of S6 a day average in the north and a day in the south. The miners' proposal called for, not less than S5 a day for old menjin view of the fact the city now and crippled miners doing labor- i owns the property, ing duties around the mines; an I As a pro-requisite to the opening The proposal wiil be formally presented to the board of mayor and aldermen which meets tonight in adjourned session. So far as the Legion is concerned, the city will not be obligated to divide any pro- fits with the local post, but will be responsible for the park's upkeep Opposes Bill He testified in opposition to a bill that would extend dollar de- valuation power and the stabilization fund until Jan- uary 15, 1041. "Even under the present situa- tion there is danger of depreciation of money and unfortunate expan- sion within our banking he said. President Roosevelt sent his re- newed relief request to congress to- day, saying there was "real noed" for an additional WPA appropriation to round out this fiscal year. He described the relief situation as "very serious" and said congress had the responsibil- ity of supplementing the 000 additional WPA appropriation, which it had approved in trimming a White House reauest for SS75 i Hearing On NT.RB The senate labor committee vot- ed to hold hearings on amending the Wagner Labor Act. as sought by thc American Federation of La- bor and opposed by the CIO. It acted after AFL President William Green requested that hear- ings be started at "the earliest pos- sible moment." The committee did (See U. S. CONGRESS, Page 8) separatists STid local Nazis in Bratislava, espital of Slovakia, are pictured !n this radio- Jpfeoto u they charged up a street during recent riots against Czech authorities seeking to enforce mar- tial law. POWER PURCHASE PARLEY IS HALTED TVA Representatives Go to Washington; Meeting With Lilienthal Hinted increase of 15 cents a ton on cut- of the pool, the chy already has ting and loading rates; an increase been advised that both the adult of 25 cents a on pick-mining i and children's pool should be painted in order to chuck thc spread of vegetable growth which is said to be commcn in fresh wa- ter pools. Thc growth is regarded as harmless. So far as profits arc concerned, the city may or may not derive profits. It was pointed out that thc (See MINERS, pajre 8) FOUR FACE BIGAMY CHARGE IN 'SWAP' SOLONS' SUPPORT ON S.A.PLAN ASKED Barkley Says No Serious Op- position Should Deter Pur- pose Armament Plan CHATTANOOGA. March 14. looking toward the consummation of the sale of Ten- nessee electric facilities of the Commonwealth Southern Corp. to the Tennessee Valley Authority and several valley cities were sus- pended today. TVA's representatives, Joseph A. Swidler, attorney, and J. A. Krug, chief power engineer, were in Washington on an errand, the pur- pose of which was not disclosed immediately. They left here unexpectedly last night after meeting with E. A. Yates and Justin Whiting, power company representatives. It >was understood they would meet TVA Director David E. Lili- enthal at the caital, although Lili- enthal was reported to be on vaca- tion in Florida. It was suggested, too, that possibly they would aid in drafting "corrective legislation" which was declared necessary for the completion of gigantic deal. Purchase Questioned WOUNDED KNOXVILLE "COP" NEAR DEATH; WAITRESS IS HELD HITLER AUGMENTS EUROPEAN EMPIRE KNOXVILLE, March 14. 19-year-old waitress was held in city jail today while policeman Herman (Curley) Rollins, 32, lin- gered near death from a bullet wound that injured his spinal cord and punctured a lung. Homicide Officer Tom Day re- ported Rollins was shot in the. back last night when he went to an Hitler climbed nearer mastery of uptown boer parlor to investigate the European continent today with Slovak State In Fuehrer's Pocket; New Hungary land Hitler-Dominated BERLIN, March 14. a woman's screams. Police reports said the young woman, held with- out charge, fired the shots when Rollins attempted to arrest her employer. Three men and a woman were jailed with the waitress for ques- tioning. BARRON G. COLLIER SUCCUMBS AT 65 Advertising Executive Was friendless Czecho-Slovakia dissolv- ed and an independent Slovak state set up under his guidance. The new Slovak state was clearly in Hitler's pocket, but the fate of Carpatho-Ukraine, easternmost di- vision of the three part Czecho- slovak republic, was undecided. However, the news that Hungar- ian troops were marching into Carpatho-Ukraine was received in Berlin with though it had been expected. Czech Course The future course of the Bohe- mia-Moravia section of the former i federal state was to be considered at a conference between Hitler and Held Diverse Interests NEW YORK, March 14. (fff Barron G. 65, who made (A question has arisen as toj millions out of giving straphangers One Man and One Woman Make Bond In Order Care for Offspring to RUSSELLV1LLE, Ala., March 14. said two children, two mules and SO acres, as well as two women, were involved in :i "wife-swapping" deal for which four persons faced bigamy charges today. Five other children were affected by the marital mixup, and while one couple waited in jail the other was separated by the necessity of caring for all seven offspring. Sheriff D. C. Nix .said a Franklin grand jury would act in May on bigamy accusations against Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Johnson and Mr. and Mrs. Odell Brond. neighbors Wednesday after- at nearby Red Bay, Ala. noon, decidedly I Decrees Prndini; CLOUDY colder Wednesday Kix said jonnson married buxom night. Mrs. Delia Brand mid Brand mar- VIRGINIA: Fair, slightly warm- I ried Mrs. Annie Johnson the er in extreme west portions toniKht. same day the women, both "about, Wednesday increasing cloudiness obtained divorce decrees that1 WASHINGTON, March 14. The administration lined up Con- gressional support today for its plan to let Latin American coun- from U. S. trios obtain government plants. "There should be no ser.ous op- j.-. j fc J.FUIIIHJH VIUU L licit- J n T-. Legion broke even last season, but Senator Bark- it was explained that the cause was due to unfavorable weather: Icy (Ky.) the Democratic leader, declaring the scheme would im- conditicns. with an unusual amount I Latin Americar> relations. of rains and cold weather i U tho ir, S u frecmcnt periods of L e was submitted yes- i tcrclav by Cnairman Pittman (D.- i Nev.) of the Senate foreign rcla- hv, H ft i tions It would permit h thc rooublics to buy ships, guns and S from American ship- th ercan to he low interest bid- yards, arscnals aml factories. der in order to acquire funds to At the same time, a House com- L. L.iv; LUIli be usocl as the ci y s share of pay- mittec eonsidcred mcnt of construction of three ma- jor projects now under construc- tion and one i been completed. FORCES OF MIAJA FIGHT EACH OTHER Two Groups Believe Other Is Band of Mean- while Reds Take Hand followed by rain beginning: late Wednesday .afternoon, or .night. Slightly warmer in west portions Wednesday.. Colder Thursday aaJ Thursday night. did not permit re-marriage for fiO days. The r.icn arc about 30, thc sheriff said. The four drove losethur in Jolin- I'. 8) Sustained World Readers Interest Striking Feature Of Spanish War a project to provide an additional set of locks for thc Panama Canal as a wartime safeguard. Look To Piicific Pacific defense discussions shared the attention of Congress, however. Thc .state department faced new demands for informa- tion as to whether Japan had forti- fied certain islands in violation of a 1922 treaty with this country. Members of the Senate naval committee, which received ,a letter from thc department yesterday sayins the treaty had boon respect- ed insofar as it. knew. Hiredcd (Sec DEFENSE, S) whether TVA could buy dams and existing generating systems such as are held by C. S. on a tribu- tary of the Cumberland river when the TVA act covers only thc Ten- nessee river and its tributaries. Senator Norris (Ind-Neb) recently said he would spontor the needed legislation.) Further delay resulted when the Nashville power board asked for a TVA representative to explain the Authority's estimate of thc value of Tennessee Electric Power Com- pany holding's in that vicinity which Chairman J. D. Goodpasture declared was at variance with an independent estimate. Krug dispatched John H. Biok- ley. special TVA consultant, to the city and the board received an ex- planation. Goodpasture assorted the inde- pendent survey indicated a 500 deficiency nf needed revenue would result from the first year of municipal operation of the system. Later he said the figure was "just a working basis for an am] iiddcd, "it. is open to all the revision that TVA can convince us is sound." Lack Of Understanding Krug said thc difficulty doubtpdly" resulted "from a lack of understanding x x x of the TVA operating analysis." Leon Jourolmon. member of the stiitn utilities commission made public at Nashville last night a letter to TVA officials in which lio deflfirorl: (Scf! something to read, died last night of a heart attack. Self-made from the day-he quit it school in Memphis at 17 to en- ter the advertising field, Collier con- trolled most of the advertising on subway and street car lines in the United Stiites and was known as the largest landholder in Florida, the state that nameti a county after him. His restless energy also made him i he designated manifold financial, social and philanthropic interests. Nine foreign governments confer- red decorations on him. Boy Scout Lcmler He became director in a score of advertising, communications, hotel and real estate corporations. Among Sentence Withheld for Fifth chose he served as president were Barron G. Collier, Inc., Florida Gulf Coast Hotels, Inc., Pacific Goering, summoned back from his Italian vacation, arrived in Berlin late today and went to the Chan- cellery immediately to talk with the Fuehrer. Officials said that while in Italy he had been in constant touch-with official circles, presumably meaning Premier Mussolini. At Leitmeritz, German cavalry and artillery headed for Lib Och, 22 miles away and on the German- Czech frontier. NAZI TROOPS TAKE CONTROL OF CZECH CITY German Soldiers'March Into Little of Czech Nation Left by Dissolution PRAGUE, March 14. Prague office of the Wittkowitz Iron and Steel Works said its works manager at Moravska-Os- trava had reported by telephone that German troops had marched into that Czech city and 'occu- pied it. The manager said the German troops were now facing Polish troops across the Czech-Polish bor- der. (Moravska-Ostrava (Maehrisch- 140 miles .east of Prague, remained Czech territory after the Munich dismemberment, although :he adjacent Teschen area was ceded to Poland. The main works of the famous Wittkowitz is at Moravska-Ostrava.) Dissolved The report of German troops' entry came near the close of a day which witnessed official dissolution of the Czechb-Slovak federal state, Slovakia's declaration of independ- ence under Chancellor Hitler's di- rection and Hungarian demands for the yielding of Carpatho-Uk- raiue, easternmost section of the shattered republ ic. Hungarian troops marched into that territory. CHAMBERLAIN SAYS "NO ACTION" LONDON, March 14. Prime Minister Chamberlain in- dicated in the House of Com- mons today that the breaking up of Czccho-Slorakia called for no action from Great Britain. He said that "the proposed guarantee" (of Czccho-SIovak frontiers) was "one against un- provoked aggression against Creche-Slovakia, and no such aggression has taken place." This was believed to represent the view of both Great Britain and France with respect to whether they should act under the September 25 Munich' ac- cord giving Czecho-Slovakla's Sudcntenland to Germany. (France and Britain then ex- pressed willingness to guarantee Czeclio-Slovak frontiers after minority disputes with Poland and Hungary had been settled. The statement was not incorpor- ated Stito a pact.) Highly trustworthy Czech quar- ters said tonight that Czech and gendarmes in Carpatho-Ukraine had been ordered to withdraw into Rumania and not resist the incom- ing Hungarians any further. President Emil Hacha of the dis-1., ,these were issued solved Czecho-SIova'k republic was on his way here by special train (See HITLER EMPIRE, 'Page 8) FOUR SENTENCED POWER 1'URCHASE, P. 8) By DEWITT MACKENZIE Trcttr, Affair-. Writer NEW YORK. March 14 Analysis of thc Spanish civil war, which now appears to be near Lhe call for peace, must inevitably en- counter the fact that one of the striking features of this protracted conflict is thc manner in which half years. Frequently it isn't easy to bay just what element of a situation it is that stirs emotions. In thc present instance there would seem to be three principal factors. In the first place we have ail the essentials of a great human tragedy. It involves all classes of VALENCIA, March H. buttle by mistake between two, groups of Miaja supporters'around the unoccupied U. S. Embassy in Madrid was reported today by first arrivals from thc capital after a week of "war within a war." Each group thought thc other was composed of Communists re- belling against Gen. Jose Miaja's defer.sc council. For nn hour they fought outside thc embassy, former town house of I he Dukes of Monlellauo where the 'Calle Del Ci.sue and the broad Pa- seo de la Castellajia border the embassy gardens. A band of Communists, mean- while, established themselves near- by in thc vacant penthouse of an reader interest has been sustained i the and in neutral countries. The persistent headlines in the press, day after day. make one pause to consider what it is snout this revolution thai is unusual en- American and raked the contend- ing- forces with m.rjhine-gun fire. Suddenly one commander of. thc forces supporting Miaja waved a poor, white Rag. Firing ceased, and load- ers of thc two .sides conferred. tocrat and street-sweeper, young and old. Women have been fight- i Apparently they discovered their ing beside their men; families, from i mistake at once, for they embraced grandparents to tiny tots, live and die among the ruins of their homes. ougb to hold the attention of the I or become refugees bound for no- American public with scarcely a where aiong the broad highways, break for more than U. o and a (Sea SPANISK Vt'AK, Payt 8) and the two groups marched away as one. Tbe Communist band quickly withdrew from the penthouse hav- ing dons little ddmage. Last Minute News Flashes POLAND INCREASES FORCES WARSAW. March 14. Polish government announced tonight that it had increased its forces along Poland's border with Carpatho-Ukraine "for the protection" of that border. The number of troops was not disclosed. LABOR BOARD ORDERS BACK WAGES PAID WASHINGTON. March 14. National Labor Relations Board issued an order today directing the Bennett-Hubbard Candy company. Chattanooga, Tenn.. to pay remedial back wages to 19 striking already reemployed by the company in compli- ance with an NLRB trial examiner's recommendation. LINER SPEEDS TO STRICKEN VESSEL CHATHAM, Mass., March 14. SOS from the Norwegian freighter Belnor today diverted from her course the huge 1'i.a.lian liner Conte di Kavoia, which radioed she was pro- ceeding full tpced to the stricken ship's assistance. Inc., Railways Advertising Company, thc Empire State Development Com- pany and thc United States Broker- age Company. Collier was active as a director of the 3oy Scouts of America. As a special deputy police commission- only public helpr ed perfect a .system of traffic con- trol for New York City a decade ago. He maintained a lifelong interest ir. police work and acted as .chair- man of thc advisory committee of the international world police. Three Sons Collier maintained a town home here, an estate bordering that of the late John D. Rockefeller in the Pocantico hills near Tarrytown, N. Y., and a winter estate on Useppa [Island, Fla., where he became ill 110 days ago. He entered medical center hei'e Saturday, although his condition was believed improving. He leaves his widow, the former Juliet Gordon Carnes of Memphis, and three sons, Barron, Jr., Samuel and Miles. by Judge Taylor; Appeals Planned NORRIS ASKS QUICK ACTION ON TVA WASHINGTON, March 14. Norris (Ind.-Neb.) asked the sennte today to amend the TVA act swiftly so the Tennessee Valley Authority could finance its share of an agree- ment for purchasing properties of the Tennessee Electric Power company. GREENEVILLE, Tenn., March 14. men faced thc pro- sncct of prison terms today unless they arc successful in appeals from conviction 'on charges of violating the securities act and using the mails to defraud in the sale of allegedly worthless stock. Federal- Judge George Taylor sentenced four of the five defen- dants yesterday to seven years ea.ch in prison. Those sentenced were John G. Anderson, formerly of Bristol, Tenn., E. T. Shaw, 35, of Greene county, Elias T. Stone. 65, and son, Harold F. Stone. 43, both of New York. Withheld The court withheld sentence in the case of Sam G. Kennedy, 54, who is r.waiting an anpeal from a (See STOCK FRAUD, Page 8) ths Czechs had been resisting the Hungarians successfully for four hours, these informants said. They were under command of a General Prchala. Hitler Handicap It was in a' 90-minutes confer- ence with Dr. Joseph' Tiso, now premier of Slovakia, that Hitler last night engineered the Slovak secession and creation of Europe's newest nation. Early in the aftern'oon it was denied officially that thc German army had entered thc country, de- spite some reports to the con- trary. Collapse of the federal union through the Slovak declaration of independence at Bratislava was first announced to this Czech cap- ital at 3 p. m. Czechs Calm Czechs were unprepared for the magnitude of the shock, but they received the news calmly and with resignation. Anxiety quickly spread among Jewish inhabitants and German emigres, whose first thoughts were to flee if possible. (There are about Jews in Bohemia-Moravia.) Hundreds of persons rushed to foreign consulates seeking visas. The official announcement of thc federal dissolution called on thc Czechs to observe discipline and try to understand the situation. How the Czechs would rcorgan- (Sce NATION DISSOLVED, P. 8) Cincy-Atlanta Air Line Goal of Cities VATICAN CITY, March 14. KNOXVILLE: March 14. The congregation of riles..took un- joiiH appeal to Hie Civil'Aeronau-i der consideration today the mir- tics Authority to grant permission I aclcs attributed to Mother Philip- for an airline opeiating between I pine Rose Ruchesne, founder of the Cincinnati and Atlanta is to be' American Society of the Sacred planned at a meeting here Thurs-1 Heart, preliminary to her beautifi- day by representatives from At- i cation. lanta, Lexington, Ky., and Cinciu- At the same time Pope Pius XII and Papal Secretary of State Luigi Cardinal MagUone gave their full attention to the many problems facing the Vatican, all formalities Vatican Considers Many Miracles Credited To Early American Nun nati. C. E. Woolrnan, vice president and general manager of the Delta Airlines, who is to attend the meet- 1 i'ng, has assured the cities his firm is ready to start line if and I when the permit is granted and an I airmail contract is received tie Postoffice Department. from offing for the church. The Holy Father's interest in affairs con- cerning German Catholics was in- dicated by the fact that among the first cardinals granted audiences after his election March 2 were four German cardinals. The church already has decreed that Mother Duchesne is worthy of veneration as having "exercised Christian virtues to a heroic de- gree." She was a Frenchwoman who joined the visitation nuns as a attending the "Pontiff's coronation young girl ar.d saw their disper- Sunday having been concluded. sion in the French Revolution. Af- Outstandinj is the situation in terwards she gathered some of the Germany, where many churchmen j nuns and tried to reestablish a fear ne-.v diSiculties may be in the (See MIRACLES GF NL'N, page 8)
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