Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - August 27, 1934, Kingsport, Tennessee FOUV THE B3NGSP0RT TENNESSEE AUGUST 1934'' r KINGSPORT, TENNESSEE Editori.l New. Room, 136i Office, 140 Published on Sunday morning each after- noon during the week except Saturday by The Kingipci-t PublUhing Company, Inc., JL. Market _______________ Entered at the post office at Kingsport, Tenn., "M second-class mail matter. ______________ MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS 1 The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this japer and also the local news published 'herein v All rights of republication of special dispatches ocrein nre also reserved. Without or with or foei, i I .ketch your world exactly -a. it 1 ENGLAND PUT "ON THE SPOT" The government of South Africa -has de- cided to pay the full balance of its war indebtedness to Great Britain, amounting to approximately South Af- rica had already made partial payments 6n the debt, but the decision to pay up in full probably came as something of a sur- prise to London. As a matter of fact the announced de- cision of South Africa to pay in full no cloubt brings mingled feelings to the British government, not the least of which will be a feeling of embarrassment. England has proved herself a bad debtor by defaulting on her debt to the United States. -She is showing herself a very able collector, how- ever, by being able to collect in full her loan made to the government of South Africa. j In short, the government of Great Britain is going to have to do a lot of reconciling in order to save her own face. Will she accept the -payment of this loan, or will she reject it? To reject the payment of which is honestly owed to her would look Hike the ultimate in folly. The loan was made in good faith, and the debtor is pay- ing it back in good faith, without question -and without ckircss. On the other hand Great Britain has with the other bad credit risks of iEurope in repudiating her debt to the States, which was also a debt en- tered into in good faith, and which she is as much morally obligated to pay as ,-South Africa was to pay her. England has committed herself to the of a general suspension '.of inter- payments. If she accepts this pay- Tncnt from South Africa she will definitely '..show that the stand which she has taken is ,u sham and a hypocrisy, unless she herself ahead with payments to America. If CEngland really as a matter of .principle, that no more inter-allied debts, contracted during the World War, should be paid, then she cannot accept this pay- ment under any condition. Then, here is another feature of the mat- ter. England, casting about as did the other European debtors for some plausible' excuse to avoid payment of her honest debt to the United States, dug out the excuse of poverty. She was not able to pay the debt, some of her governments officials said. Very well, then, let her at least turn over to the United States the from South Africa, if she accepts the payment. At least she will be unable to say that, she cannot "afford" to do this. Of course our honest opinion about the matter, and the honest opinion of perhaps 99 per cent of the American people, has been that the European debtors purely and simply wish to beat the United States out of the billions of the war loan, so unwisely extended by this country. This means that they wish to beat the American taxpayers out of this amount, for in the e'nd the loan must be paid by the American taxpayers. It is the old "skin old as the principles of money as a means of ex- change and credit as a method of doing business. But England at least will be put on the spot by this blunt offer of South Africa to pay her in honesty that is astound- ing in this age of defaulting nations. Eng- land must now do one of two things: She must liand back in good cold cash which rightfully belongs to her, or must openly confess to the world that her policy in regard to the debts is a policy of sham, hypocrisy and deceit. Which will she do? iltonian organization. (It was wirelessed from ocean to ocean-and from the Canadian border to the Gulf of Mexico and the assumption, is that some niightly opulent Republican paid the radio folk's bill, for McFad- den has no money to speak of..) Anyway, -this same Louis T. McFadden is the identical McFadden who, when President Hoover proclaimed his war debt moratorium in 1931, declared, on the floor of the house of rep- resentatives that the Californian had "sold us out" to Europe; who subsequently made repeated attempts Nto have articles of impeachment voted against tlie then White House tenant; who there- upon virtually was read out of his party; whose committee posts were taken away from him by his fellow Republicans in the lower congressional chamber; whose selections for federal appoint- ments in his home'1 district were turned down with ostentatious regularity; who was ostracized by Republicans, and referred to as crazy; who was fought by the Republican national machine when hs came up for re-election in 1932. Oh, my! How the G. 0. P. management at .that particular juncture did hate Louis T. McFadden. At that, it was only a culmination of its hatred of him. McFadden, a representative of two decades of service, had gradually been working himself up, by seniority rise after seniority rise, to the chair- manship of the powerful banking and currency committee. Finally he gravitated into it. Im- mediately he took the warpath -.against all the' financial abuses of which we have been hearing so much under the present administration. Chair- man Fletcher of the senate committee on bank- ing and currency, Ferdinand Pecora and a few others have, won most of the credit for the actual exposure, but McFadden already had "provided them with the bulk of their ammunition. In the meantime, however, the infuriated fin- anciers had been doing their level best to wreck McFadden, They succeeded along business lines. That is to say, "They cleaned as he once told me, describing his commercial status. But there was one thing they couldn't do they, couldn't beat him for re-election. Through thick and thin his congressional district supported him, though his conservative opposition even threw its weight in favor of the ultra-radical Mrs. Gif- ford Pinchot in its 1932 effort to defeat him. WORLD WASHINGTON SEEN AT A GLANCE By CHARLES P. STEWART (Contrnl Presi Staff Writer) WASHINGTON, D'. Louis T. McFadden of Pennsylvania, who recently made the moot effective Republican speech of this year's political campaign, and who made, it under the G. 0. P. national congressional committee's aus- pices with the strongest indorsement of the Ham- TO THE FACT" By LESLIE EICHEL (Central Press Staff Writer) NEW brutality finally has stir- red New Mayor Fiorella H. La Guar- has decided to try to put a stop to it. The riding of police rough shod into groups of strike pickets in many parts of the country, coupled with unwarranted and illegal arrests and imprisonment are seen as leading to violence and actual revolt, rather than to peace and legal .methods. In the history of revolutions is interwoven the brutality of police as the climax. When workers learn they are only with force, then revolt is born. In Russia, a charge of mounted police into groups of protesting workers was the spark that i started the revolution. Within a few moments, I'the police themselves joined the workers. They were brothers. Human nature is made up of such queer components that the paradox is nor- mality. BRUTALITY IN NEW YORK j Police brutality in New York is succinctly de- scribed by the newspapers. (In Germany, in Austria, in Italy, in Russia, p.apors do not dare to print stories of police brutality.) -Says the New York American: "With Chief Inspectator Valentine in attend- ance, Mayor La Gaardia at City Hall yesterday informed Salvatore Ninfo, head of the knit goods 'workers strike, that he will not tolerate police brutality in their dealings with pickets. "The mayor added that he considered the beat- ing of pickets at 250 Moore street, Brooklyn, un- warranted. Ordering Inspector Valentine to file specific charges against individual officers, one of whom was alleged to have used abusive lan- guage in addressing three girl strikers, the may- or said: 'L fail to find justification for the attacks by police. 1 am basing these remarks ..on a re- port made by police officers who investigated the complaints of strikers. There was no viola- tion of law. If police go out of their -way to enter into combat with peaceful pickets they are entirely overstepping their police duties'." Let the New York Daily News describe the hearing scene: Most of the pickets, some of whom were so badly hurt, they had to be carried into the .room, were and fined or given the -alter- native of a day in jail, merely because they were pickets. And the magistrate who threw them into jail (because they hadn't the So) announced he would continue throwx pickets into jail The News describes the scene at the "mill: "Five hundred of them they said, were peacefully patrolling in front of the plant when police radio and patrol cars swooped down. Without warning, they said, the police swarmed, out of the cai-s, flailing with their blackjacks and striking down men and women alike." DIPHTHERIA ONCE SCQURAGE IS NOW CONQUERED BY DOCTORS I By LOGAN CLENDENING, an enemy .of malig- IF YOUR CHILD were entering school in September, the j chances would have 'been about 1 to 10 that he or--she would con- t a c t diphtheria year before the was over. nant, deadly enemy which had taken its 'toll of human life since the dawn of time' and down to less than fifty years ago was; still as terrifying and more terrifying and powerful than ever? Once contract J Nor .was this any happenstance ed in 1890 the or the ebb and 'chances o u Id have been about even that the' ill- ness would have flow that certain diseases have .through the years. We know that ,such things happen. For instance, in the case of influenza, we know resulted in the the disease mysteriously dis- Dr. Clendenlnx child's death. From. 1888 to 189.4 the death rate in the. Bos- ton City hospital was otice below 40 per cent, and in 1892 if rose to nearly 50 per cent. This year, even if you take no .precautions, the chances of your child catching diphtheria is less than one in two hundred. And even if the''disease is con- tracted, provided antitoxin is giv- 'appears and will' not be heard of for ten, twenty or' even forty years: and then suddenly and quite as mysteriously as it went it will come again and engulf the entire population of the world. But diphtheria was never like that. We know of it as long ago as the Babylonian Talmud, dur- ing the first century in the writ- ings of Areteus, and continuously ever since in every courttry it ap- peared every year. No, the" conquest of it was de- en on the first day, the chances liberate. And its beginning is ore 400 to 1 that the child will: sharply in the year. 1895, when recover. (The mortality reported i .urititoxin was generally introduced by the 'health department of Chi- into practice.' cago shows that patients injected 'with antitoxin 'on the first day In a typical city, Milwaukee, the mortality in., 1890-1894 was. have" a. mortality of 0.27 percent! J.16 per population. In of 1 per Has anything more wonderful -..han this ever happened1 in our modern What accom- plishment of any other group of men equals this of the medical profession'' practically .to wipe out 1931 it was 2 1-2 per same nirm- ber of people. .And, to show how sharp .the point of the beginning of the fall was, in 1895 the sig- nificant year, one' year after the mortality was 116, it was less than half of RICHBERG PRAISES INTERNATIONALE IS UESTIONS ANSWER THESE and YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED You can get an -answer to any answerable question of fact or information .by'writing to Frederick .M. Kir Question The Kingsport Times Bureau, 1322'New York Avenue Washing enclosing'.three'cents'ih stamps for reply.- Medicai and legal advice cannot be give'ni nor can extended research be made. All other'questions will receive a personal reply; Unsigned re- quests cannot fct answered.- All letters are confidential. You are cordially make use of this free service as often as you please. Q.. Who. nomjnateds Franklin D. Roosevelt at the" 1932 Democratic A. John E. Mack.of New.York A.' Milton. C. Work. 'Q, AVo persons Vho receive wedding .announcements obligates to' 'send -gifts? -Q. What an eclipse 'of the moon? A. The occasional casting ofjjn the earth's shadow on the moori, when the earth is between the moon- and the sun. Q. What is the correct way _to to Gbr. Excellency, Herman Goring, The IPrussfan Prime ''Minister, Berlin, Germany. Q. What is the stretch-out sys- tem? A. and factories when operators are required to increase ,.their production within }a given period of time the term "stretch- lout" is employed. Q. What is the origin and of the feminine name meaning Nona? A. It is from the Latin, mean- ling ninth. j Q. Which is heavier, or wa- A. Volume for volume, -water ;s heavier. Q, Who played the role .of the daughter in the motion' picture, "Wine, Women and A. Marjorie Moore.- Q. Is Barbai-a Bedford still act- ing in motion pictures? A. She' remarried on October j.10, 1930, her divorced husband, I Albert Roscoe, with'whom she be- came famous in "The Last of the She' now occasionally EDITORIAL COMMENT OF OTHER NEWSPAPERS takes minor 'roles. Q. What famous A'. No. Q.' Where is the longest tunnel the United States? A. The Shandaken Tunnel, part of the Catskill water supply sys- <.c.m is 18.1 miles long. Q. Who commanded the dirig- You should be able to answer at least seven of the following' ten questions.' Turn to page 9 for the answers aner you have fried the test. 1. In the Book of Genesis what is the name of the first man? 2. Of which country is Saskat- chewan a: Province? 3. What is pharyngitis? 4. Which nation owns Rio d'Oro? 5. Who was Nikolai Vasilievitch Gogol? "6'.--Who was Diocletian? Name the second President, of the United States? 8. Who was Francis Marion Crawford? 9. Name tfie oldest the Greek-letter fraternities. 10. What famous defense in the World War was commanded by General Saxrail? TODAY'S COMMON ERROR Never say, "He is an able me- chanic." The correct word is "competent." ible Los Angeles when it was sul in Panama City? A. Karl de 'G. MacVitty. Q. Arc limes grown in North to the U. S. from Ger- and South America? many where it was built? A. The lime trees are cultiyat- A Dr Hugo Eckner was the ed extensively throughout tbe J n ___ _ _____.in.. Cbmmander. The dirigible has been decommissioned and is now stored in hurst, N. the J. hangar at Lake- Q. What is the color of James Cagriey's hair? A: Red. Q. -Where is the Yellow Sea? "A. It is., an arm of the Pacific, Between China on the west, Man- churia on the north, .and Korea (Chosen) on the Q. What, is the address of Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh? A. Englewood, New Jersey. Q. What does the place name Niagara mean? A. It is an name meaning Iroquois Indian at the neck" or 'across the neck." Q. Where can a copy of the new bankruptcy law be obtained? A. From the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.' C: The price is five cents. West Indies, especially in Domin- ica, Montserrat and Jamaica, and .to sonic, extent on the Florida Keys and mainland, but only in .the extreme south. CHICAGO TEACHERS GET PAY FOR 1933 26 Million Dollars Will Be Paid Teachers: Made By Grant Is cage's school teachers could scarcely believe it, but today was .pay day. Joining the teachers and other school .employes in .t.heir rejoicing were most of the city's business men for it was esti .mated that ,000 would TVA DEVELOPMENT Worthy Contribution T o South; Increases Employ- ment; Betters Conditions i WASHINGTON, Aug. 27 A distinct contribution by the Tennesseej Valley Authority .to the recovery program was claimed today in a report to President Roosevelt on the first year and a half of his "new .deal" admin- istration. The report, prepared by Donald R. Richberg, executive secretary of the executive'council, said: "The1 Tennessee Valley Au- thority, while engaged in the con- struction of public works, is mak- ing a contribution to the relief- of industrial unemployment, not only through employment of but also through its gen- eral-, -.program- for ment of living ditions .throughout lhe--Tennejpe valley." Morgan Credited N Arthur E. Morgan, authority chairman, was 'given as authority of a statement that-an expansion of the TVA construction pro- gram, consisting "of dam-construc. tion and reduction of soil ero- go forward as soon.as there is a determination as to the allotment of the remainder of the amount assigned by the director of the budget to the In a message to Congress last spring President Roosevelt desig- nated on the new cublic works appropriation- for the TVA, but it was understood here that thus -far only 000 has been marie available. No 'official has explained. Effect of the TVA upon eco- nomic recovery in the river basin, Richborg said, "will be more clearly evident the program develops and increases industrial j opportunities throughout the val- ley, particularly through making available cheap electric' power." Accomplishments The report listed these other i accomplishments for the author- ity: 1. The Tennessee Valley Asso- ciated Cooperatives, with 000 advanced by the Federal Re- lief Administration, has launched .nine cooperatives which already have members. Fruit, berry and vegetable canning, seed potato cultivation, flour grinding, I dairying, woodworking and handi- craft textiles are the leading ac- tivities. 2. Employment provided RED RESPONSIBLE Intrigues Against Japan Is Blamed for Train Wrecks On Chinese Eastern TOKYO, Aug. 27. (ff) The Japanese government charged to- day that 'the third internationale is responsible for fomenting from Moscow intrigues against Japan involving train wrecks in Man- chukuo on the Chinese Eastern Railway. This was the latest blast in the j conflict of propaganda Japan I and Manchukuo are waging with awaitt signs of the other's weak- 1 ening in deadlocked negotiations i for Japan's purchase of the rail- road from Russia. i A foreign "office spokesman said 30 Soviet employes of the i-railroad arrested in Manchukuo "will' be tried in' two sets on charges of train wreckings' and intrigues against i Japan, at the behest of the third Internationale: Some ot confessions showed involvment of the Third Internationale according to offic- ial information reaching he' asserted. A 'spokesman indicated the ar- totaled 72 according to latest newspaper might continue, depending upon whether alleged confessions of those now held involved others, ji Meanwhile, the Tokyo foreign office learned that some high soviet officials .of the' C. E. R. are "packing their bags." It was not known whether this was due to fears of drastic action by 'Jap- an and Manchukuo, or if Mbs- cow intends to change its rep- resentatives' in the hope of bet- tering the situation. Exchanges, protests and threats between Tokyo; and Moscow' ap- parently has reached the stage where .each is merely holing the- others' protests shooting back some form of coun- ter blast without the usual diplo- matic niceties of formal acknow- ledgements and replies. Q.. On what day in 1900 did the flow in business channels -twentieth day of the Jewish month [the coming -the result of Tammaz fall? contract A. Tuesday, July 17.. 1 bridge authority died' recently? Q. Who 'is the American con- INGLORIOUS Almost any sort of snake right now seems fit hero for a battle tale. The latest of these slithy principals in a pub- lic bout is reported from Baltimore where a gar- ter snake and a diminutive spider, at the time of the story's first telling, had been for three days in a life and death battle in the cellar of the home of the man who made the matter public. The case this time seems to ba one of endur- ance, with the snake enmeshed in the web of the spider and wearing its life away in its strug- gle to get 'free, while the spider busies itself repairing the broken web and balefully eyeing the helpless little reptile. Victory seems certain for the spider, but more or k'ss inflorious. Journal. We see by the the-plot of a. new Hollywood film is laid in a soap factory. The producers must be taking this movement for clean- er pictures .seriously. YOUR MONEY AND THE BANKS Since the great' banking crisis of 1.933, Congress'and the Executive under various laws and executive and admmistrat ve orders have completely revamped the banking structure .he United- States. Weak banks have been eliminated from the sys- tem, new and important means of safeguarding depositors have been adopted, the Federal -Reserve System has been strengthened, the federal government has entered in important ways as a pait- ner in the private banks. If you wish to understand the present new banking-structure of the U. S. and how it functions to seive and safeguard for our Washington Bureau s new bul- letin THE NEW BANKING SYSTEM OF THE U. S. Fill out the coupon below: ...............CLIP COUPON" DepT, 300, Washington Daily KINGSPORT TIMES, 1322 New York D C I want a copy of the bulletin THE NEW BANKING SYS- TEM OF THE UNITED STATES, and enclose herewith five cents in coin to cover return postage and handling costs: j Name Street and State................... I' ani a reader of The Kingsport Times. (Code'No.) of teachers pay day. Made possible by an RFC loan, worth of checks were ready today for pedagogs .in pay- ,ment for services of the 1933-34 ;chool year. 1 Most of it will go to pay.obli- j with an estimate that as many i more, .have been given employ- 3. 'The Norris and dams 30 per cent completed. The town of Norris, .Tenh., has been nrojected as a demonstration in low-cost housing, to planning and electrification, with 200 of the J350 hours planned already com- pleted. Cations to plead for .regular sal- aries. H. A. Kincaid, chemistry teach- er af Crane 'Technical high was waiting in front of the Sity .State Bank Sunday night, deter- mined to be first at the pay win- dow though it wasn't scheduled to open until 10 a. m. today. Mayor Edward J. Kelly plan- ned to hand'out the first check. I reported ready, to provide the j gradual' employment of j more men. at work of great per- i manent value as funds are made available. DR. E. A. HOGE Dentist Office. Over Clinchfield Drug Store Phone 207 Triple Cowlets MORGANTOWN, W. Va., news of those Dionne quintuplets must have made F. A. Shuttleworth's cow she gave birth to triplets. H. t Henderson, h'ead of the West Virginia. University Dairy I Department, said, it was the, first lease of bovine triplets in the state. HITLER WANTS TO TAKE SAAR SECTOR Calls National Plebiscite Issue; Now' Under Control Of League E H R E N B R EITSTEIN, Ger- many, Aug. 27. The Saar territory, soon to participate ihe momentous plebiscite, had the' word of Chancellor Hitler today that "the whole German nation is behind you." More than half a million per- sons jammed together here yes- terday for a great of loyalty to the Saar and to give Hitler a tremendous oVation. It is inevitable, Hitler said, that the Reich region would vote Jan- uary 13 to return to Germany in preference to remaining under the mandate of the League of Na- tions or becoming part of- Prance. He said this should improve the Franco-German relations. "The Saar is the greatest prob- lem now separating France from. he asserted. "We shall not_j give, up the conviction that the" other .side 'eventually wall .view this problem as it -really is and that France will not deny her as- sistance in solving it." Despite rumors that he fears assassination, Hitler strolled un- concernedly the huge crowd before 'his speech, greeting many .friends. J.