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Daily Huronite and Plainsman, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1944, Huron, South Dakota 58 YEARS of Service to CENTRAL SOUTH DAKOTA THE DAILY HURONITE AND PLAINSMAN Weather SOUTH DAKOTA: Snow flur- ries, continued cold. HURON: Continued cold today and tonight. Minimum tonight 15- 25 degrees. Saturday warmer. VOLUME uvm HURON, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, SINGLE COPY 5c REDS CLOSING UDAPEST Battle For Leyte Moves Into Final Stages v v v MacArthur Says Campaign Near Successful End Quits China Post By MURLIN SPEHCER GENERAL MacARXHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Nov. 3. OP) Gen. Douglas Mac- fe Arthur, from a room where an j er.eray flier's bullet missed nisi head by 12 inches, announced to- day the near of the Leyte! campaign as his land, sea and airj forces set z. death trap for Or-! inac, iast pert of flight for the! Jnpaneie j Just two weeks after he re-i turned to the Philippines, Mac- Arlhur's four divisions were cor- nering bewildered Nipponese on Ltyre's west ctiast, pressing for a j kill which would swell enemy, casualties, already past Associated Press War Corre-j spondent Richard Bergholz re-: ported the were throw- ing in finest fliers as theyj battled to stave off the onrushingj Sergholz describe'd a I bitter aerial dojlfigh' at Ormoc j yevsrday, in which 27 of thej c-r.er.-.y down without] breaking cover over the convoy they were protect Kg. Best Jap Fliers 'The Japanese fliers were def- initely above the he reported returning fliers as say- ing. They held a tight forma- tion over the ships and refused to break under repeated passes." ON'o American planes were lost in the eighVhour melee.) Today's communique suggested attention was swinging to other islands of the central Philippines, reporting attacks by iour-engined t WM Luftwaffe Smashed By United States Air Force V V V Clarence E. Gauss Dnitcd States ambassador to Chios, resigned his post. President Roosevelt announced. (AP Wirepholo) Leyte and Samar. The general issued the com- munique alter a close brush with Rail Yards h Rangoon Given Heavy Bombing WASHINGTON, Nov. 3. (jp) Superfortresses carrying recorc bombloads today raided railroad marshaling yards at Rangoon, in Japanese-dominated Burma. No planes were lost as a resul of. enemy action, the War Depart announced. .The B-29s took off from bases The department.foBow edup an. initial communique leH ing of the raid with a supple mental announcement saying: "There were no losses on this Sig Victory For Yankees; British Rake Dusseldorf LONDON, Nov. 3. OP> A thou- sand British heavy bombers laid about tons of explosives and ire bombs last night on Ger- many's greatest arsenal of Dus- seldorf after a day in which U. S. fighters of the Eighth Air Force won "their, greatest victory of the war over the Luftwaffe. A special communique from J. S. Strategic Air Force head quarters gave this description to- day and told of the destruction of 208 German aircraft over the synthetic oil center of Merseburg. [t. scaled down American losses to 40 heavy bombers and 19 fight- ers. Riddle Enemy Forces Fighter pilots destroyed 130 German interceptors in the air 25 aground, some on Berlin airports 100 miles from Merse- burg. Bombers shot down 53 while attacking the great Leuna synthetic oil plant. The German air force mad one of its rare stands to protec its oil spring, sending 500 planes to battle the armada of at- tacking craft, 900 of which were fighters. The Americana destroyed tOB German planes, Take Cover From Jap Fire Americans Gain Two More Miles In Aachen Area By WILLIAM FRYE LONDON, Nov. 3 (f) The First United States Army thrust! forward another two miles from j Vossenack southeast of Aachen today and the Berlin radio said j Lieutenant General Courtney H. Hodges' jabs along a 30-mile front j were "forerunners of the forth- coming offensive." The drive, which netted a four- mile gain in two days after the shove through the Hurtgen .For- est, resulted in the capture of the village of Schmidt overlooking the Roer River, whose muddy j clay banks interpose the next major barrier to the Rhine. General Hodges" men, who] broke the concrete crust of the Seigfried Line at Aachen in. the i first two weeks of October, jump- ,ed off as the battle to open the' i supply port of Antwerp came to a virtual close with the capture _______ the ancient Dutch port of Vlis-j Army the "Berlin and aground. were swift new Four victims jet-propelled death.. A strafing Japanese planet sent a bullet into the wall of his! room, just missing him. ition. Disaster fast engulfed the Gee-1 The text of 20th Air ing survivor's of Japan's 16th Dt- Communique No. 19: _ rjjon which oce so arrogantly a result of enemy ac- Force tortured the American-Filipinos heroes of Bataan. Carigara has fallen. The hard- fighting 2-ith Division of Maj. Ger.. Frederick A Irving, crush- last big stand yesterday and ed the enemy's south of Palo "B-29 Superfortresses of the 20th Air Force today carried out a daylight bombing mission against road goon in Japanese dominated Bur- ma. The attack was made in sub- stantial force by elements of the the large Malagon rail- marshaling yards at Raa- t out of Leyte Valley to the 20th Bomber Command from bases in India in coordination with elements of the Eastern Air Command. "Attacking by daylight the B-29's carried the largest -b5mb loads per aircraft so far known northwest shore. 24lh On Climaxing 12 days of the bloodiest fighting, the triumphant 24th rolled forward over a red- srr.eared highway to a juncture with the First 'Cavalry Division to be listed in aerial warfare. Re- 0- Maj. Gen.'Vern D. MudgCjports from aircraft over the tar- which battled into Carigara fromjget area described the weather as j favorable and preliminary esti- j.he Japanese were in such I mates of damage inflicted arc haste :o reach Pinamopoan and good. No further information is turr. south down the one escape j Available at this time." highway to Orraoc that they] .abandoned Capocan west smoking Carigara. Ormoc about 25 miles soulh of the ad- vancing Yanks. Below Ormoc or the west coast the Seventh Division of Maj. Gen- Archihald V. Arnold, which has been teamed with the 96th.Drvis- J TT J UaVC VlOOU Chance Of Living Dr. .PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 3 ....._______ The odds are now two-to-one in ionTwas dlscioiVd "today to have tavor of A, B, C and Cir- cut all the way across from Abu- yog and reached Baybay. From there a coastal road leads 28 miles north to Ormoc. At Ormoc the Japanese fran- tically loaded troops on barges end ferried them to larger escape vessels but these were under at- tack by American patrol torpedo boats and Leyte-based fighter planes. Fred Hampson, Associated craft. The victories fell 99 planes short of the record of 307 de- stroyed in a lengthy running bat- tle over and around Schweinfurt and Regensburg on Aug. 18, 1943, The jet planes attacked in for- mation, but only a few were able to penetrate the fighter screen convoying the bombers. The New records were: 155 Ger- man planes, beating previous rec- ord of 117 Sept. 11. down 130 Nazis, beating previous record of 117. Fighter corn- Joe L. Mason, shot down 38 planes, breaking old record of 31 for a single day. Fighter squadron Mustangs commanded by Maj. George E. Preddv, Greensboro, N. C., scored 24 kills. Old record was 18. Fighter William J. Cullerton, Chicago, HL, destroyed eight planes, two in the air and six on the ground, for highest combined toll made in one day. The Air Ministry estimated that during October American and British bombers showered tons of bombs on Ger- many, almost twice the tonnage of any previous month. Stokes, Nation's No, 1 Washington Gjlumnist, To Make Debut In Daily Huronite Sunday manded by CoL Columbus, "Ohio, American of the of the PhHippilM fin. which opened the invasion of lake cover from (AP Wirephoto from Signal Map makrrs ore finding it difficult job keeping up with the Russian offensive. Above map indicates by arrow Red singen (Flushing) and Domberg on Walcheren Island. The few German guns remain- 1 ing on flooded Walcheren Island', on the north side of the Scheldei mouth after the capture of Vlis- singen were rapidly Binning out of ammunition. Only a few scattered snipers remained to harass the Allies on either side of the river mouth, entrance to Antwerp port. Americans and British smash- ing against the hard circle of German defenders holding south of the Maas (Meuse) oa the road to Rotterdam, restored a bridge- head over the Little Mark River within MX. mites of Scat Moerdrjk V V V V V V V V V Press war correspondent with the 24th from the time its elements swept through heavy enemy fire on to the beaches at Palo, said it wrote a stirring page in Ameri A can history in its drive to Cari- gara. Ousted The swept into the town without firing a shot after an 18- hour artillery barrage dislodged _ the defenders but in the days be- V fore that the fighting embraced everythiijf, including a bayonet charge. "Carigara was paid for in American Hampson said, but he added: Ralph M, Tyson, pediatri- in charge, said the quads bave a "good two-third" chance of living. The most critical period is passed and if they live through the first 48 this morn- chances are excellent, he said. The latest hospital bulletin said the four babies "all appear-to be f) "The battle toll from the exacted a terrific Japanese. Known enemy dead was around and there is no estimate of the number of artillery victims ly- ing in swamps, fields and wooded hills. FAULT LAND SOLD PIERRE. Nov. 3 W) Lands Commissioner John A. Lunden announced today 517 acres of Faulk County land were sold lor at an average of Highest price paid was acre and low was tional the constitu- in good condition" mother, 30-year-old and Mrs. their Kath- leen Cinmnello, its also doing fine. Mercury Slumps la South Dakota SIOUX FALLS, Nov. 3 (IP) Lowest temperature readings of the fall season were marked up today as the temperature drop- ped to a chill 16 above at Philip, 17 at Lemmon, 18 at a Aberdeen, 19 at Huron, and in the low for many othor points in, the state. The War Self-Preservatioii Is Hider's Only Reason For Continuing Fight V T V V T V V V T By pEWTTT MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst One of the most inquiring peo- ple I know is my colleague How- ard Blakeslee, Associated Press science editor, 'who has a chant for abstruse problems, as witness his demand that I .ex- plain what impels Herr Hitler to continue fighting for a lost cause. What Blakeslee want's me to do is read the dictator's mind, to see whether the Nazi chief still has something up .his maybe that's not a bad idea in view of yesterday's great air bat- tle and other signs that a show- down is impending. The difficulty is that while Fve good deal of Hitler at one time or Berchtesgaden, Godesberg. Ber- tin, Munich, Sudeteoland I can't claim to read readily one of the most twisted minds the devil- ever moulded. Still, this abnormal mind surely to some typical human emotions, ao lefitry. Victory Hope First off. Hitler no longer the slightest hope of averting de- feat. He's surrounded by over- whelmincmffitary strength, back- ed by unlimited resourses. -His own fighting machine 'is crippled. His war supplies are nearing ex- haustion, lite majority of his vital industries have been knock- ed out. His communications are in terrible shape. His food sup- plies finally are -running short. SM WAB TODAY. W A new and important addition to the Daily Huronite and Plainsman's already "big time" lineup of features will be inaugurated Sunday when Thomas L. Stokes', daily Washington column will make its formal debut to Central South Dakota readers. -Stokes, a Pulitaer prize winner, has been voted by the Washington correspondents themselves as the correspon- dent who does the best around job as measured terms of reliability, fairness and ability to analyze the news. Stokes' column, which will be found daily on The Huron- ite's editorial page, will be in j: addition to other features al- i ready 'carried. His addition will give The Huronite the; nation's two top-ranking col- umnists in Stokes and Mar- quis Childs. High Im PoH Of special interest to Huronite readers is the poll conducted among all Washington corre- spondents. In Urn poll Stokes re- ceived the award as "the capital correspondent doing the best all- around job in terms of reliability, fairness and ability to analyze the news." Stokes, ifho polled 25 SM STOKES. MbortHqht Attach The Americans attacked in moonlight a few hours before dawn in gaining their bridge- head to the left of the British, and dug in while waiting for re- inforcements. radio to hare passed Kecskemet, southeast of Budapest, in Hun- gary. Shaded line is baltle- front as last defined by Moscow. Today's Associated Press dis- patches said the Russians were within 14 miles from Budapest and had driven the Nazis across Tisza is northern Hungary. (AP Wirephoto) m FDR Warns U.S. Of Last Minute Whisperings By 3. W. DAVIS Associated Pi-ess Staff Writer President Roosevelt said today that some reports concerning the __________ jStilwell incident and Secretary All the vital part of Walcherenjof State Hull's health may have Island was in Allied hands with (prompted his radio reference to v v v Revolution Is Reported To Be Raging In City LONDON. Nov. 3 The Bucharest radio said tonifjr.t "a revolution is in fu'I swing in t Budapest." Meanwhile Russian troops I drove today within 14 miles of Budapest, the German radio said tonight. The enemy said Nazi and Hungarian forces had been driven back as far as "the area south of that distance frorn the Hungarian capital." The Moscow radio broadcast to the Russian army that "the mo- ment has come to strike the death blow" against "We have entered the er.crr.y's i lair." the broadcast said. "Our j job is to finish him off. The final phase of the war has been reach- ed, but it will mean fighting. Strike out at the Germans all your might. The enemy is being pressed back froir. tht east, [west and south. The n-.smer.t hai come to strike the death blow." The Russians were pushing toward the Hungarian capital'! southcas' -n limits. 50-Mile Gain In five days, the Red Army has i advanced 50 miles over the level Hungarian plain, one of Ger- jmany's greatest breadbaskets. (The opposing German and Hun- jgarisn forces were reported to 'have lost half their trucks and a large share of their tanks as well as prisoners recently. Northeast of Budapest Russian columns cleared the enemy rrorn, a 65-mile section on the eastern bank of the middle Tisza River, on a front bet-A-een Csap on Czechoslovakian border and. reaching down to captured sar, 93 miles from the imperilled capital Six towns and villages were seized in the advance on Buda- pest from the south and the snemy was rolled back on a 60- :Tule front. (German broadcasts heard in London suggested that the Rus- sians might smash into Budapest the fall of Vlissingen, a city of 22.000 and third port of Holland. The new American assault be- low Aachen began yesterday on a front and quickly blasted its way forward for near- ly two miles, overrunning the villages of Germeter and Vossen- ack, south of Hurtgen, and reach- log the edge of Hurtgen' itself. The Allied communique report- ed that "our drive is continuing against stiffening resistance." Nazis Expect Big The scale of the attack was not immediately apparent, but the German radio reported it was opened with two infantry regi- ments. The Berlin broadcast said "the Americans have strong re inforcements immediately behind their lines, and an intensification of the fighting must be expected." Canadians still battled forward under a crossfire at the western over the weekend.) the New Nazi Forces Russian communique said desperate Germans were what he termed campaign "whis- jertngs and He gave reporters at his news conference the same answer that that may have been what he was talking about last these three inquiries: 1. What of the statement by Rep. Judd (R-Minn) that Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell had-served an ultimatum on the Chinese .govern- ment demanding that he be given full commaL.1 of Chinese armies? 2. What of reports that Secre- tary Hull is planning to resign, and 3. That Vice President Wallace would succeed him? Try to Panic Voters The President stared in his White House broadcast that "hys- terical last minute accusations or sensational revelatioiJs" may de- velop in these closing days of the campaign, "trumped up" in throwing in fresh forces "straight from the march" in an attempt to halt the drive, and that during the day more than 2.000 enemy troops were killed and 58 tanks nd mobile guns knocked out. The communique in a brief reference to the east Prussian front said 200 Germans were killed as the Russians repelled a Nazi couaterattack south of Goldap. Russian bombers sank nine Ger- man transports and damaged two in raids on Liepaja and other German-held Baltic points. an effort to panic the voters. Today's presidential news con- end of the narrow granite cause- way connecting. Walcheren South Beveland. Right as Governor Dewey returned [to Albany for a final home-state remained before every _s driven from Walcheren, an is- and eight miles long. But Allied capture of some of the enemy's 250-mm guns left those remaining BHmSH, 2 STOKES Chinese Forces Regain Limgling CHUNGKING. Nov. 3. VP) Singling, principal remaining Japanese bastion on the Salween River front in southwest China, was recaptured today by the Chi- nese after a blazing five-day as- sault. the high command nounced.. this removed the last major obstacle toward of thelJaio sod Burma roads and of land supply route Italian Fighting; Halted By Rains ROME, Nov. 3 (JP) Unusually heavy rainstorms have brought operations on the Italian battle- front once more to a standstill. Allied announced today. A few gains were achieved by the Eighth Army, but there were no major advances as fighting Record Bag By British Airmen mired, down. limited the Medi- But in south central China the Japanese pressed hard against the pivotal Kwangsi Province city of (Cweilin. One column oa the east was only 'two mites away. A nese Army spokesman predicted Kweilin would be able to endure a lone siege. Enemy remnants from linc retreated southwest toward Manjshih _witfa the Chinese in full pursuit, the high command terranean Alfied ahVtoree to less than 190 forties yesterday. A small force hit objectives in Austria-last night. (In Burma. British troops con- solidated their positions around captured Mawlu on the yiiui-MandalaT raDway, t5 southwest of Myitkyina. and sent patrols forward in the newest phase of drive to reopen sst overland Good News! Mr. Carl Hoferman at Tu- lare, S. caDed us to say, "Please stop my last ad. I found Taay loot hog the next day after the ad wai pub- lished." Theaa ara the things like to hear be- we know then, we can be of service to you al- so. Phone 751 Want-AdDept. Bullet Almost Hit MacArthur GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS. P H. 1 L I P- PIKES, Nov. 3 General Douglas MacArthur missed possi- ble death by the margin of a foot ____ __today. drive to be climaxed by a Madi-1 A strafing Japanese plane son Square Garden address to-ja .50 caliber bullet into the wall morrow night. jof the room where the general Mr. Roosevelt will speak from was at work. It bored a hole 12 Oston a couple of hours from MacArthur's head- port and Hartford, Conn., and pringfield, Mass. A new surge of name calling (toward the hole and said: joured openly in the campaign i "Well, not yet." LONDON. Nov. 3. U. S. Eighth Air Force fighter pilots set i new record by destroying 155 Jermat planes while escorting Mimbers to Merseburg, Germany, esterday. Mustang and Thunderbolt pi- shot down 130 planes and de- stroyed another 35 on the ground in one of the great aerial battles of the war. Lt William J. Cullerton of Chi- cago, led the aerial parade with eight destroyed, two in. the air and six on tUe ground. CapUin Donald S. Bryan Faicines, Calif., became an ace in one day by shooting down five Kazi planes. Lt Arthur E. of Nashville, KaiL. got four in the air and Lt Juel E. Erick son. Fofston, Rot four on the ground. Other scores includ ed- Three in the Capt William J. Stengle, Waubun. Minn. One in the air: Capt Louis 1L Norley, Conrad, Mont. Richard A. Peterson, .1110 Doug las St. Alexandria, Minn-, Lt Karl M. Waldroa, 201 Lake Bond, in the air: Lt CHcnr yen as Mr. Roosevelt was pre- Jcting "last minute Mr. Roosevelt will make his ast major address of the cam- paign tomorrow night at a partj ally in Boston. Xnroute to Bos- It. Fladmark, 1208 South Prairie, Sioux Falls, S. TX fter brief appearances at Bridge- When the general's aide. Col- Lloyd Lehrbas dashed into the room, MacArthur calmly nodded The general has had numerous close brushes with death. The closest also was in the Philip- pines. Shortly afU-r the war begin, a bomb from a Japanese plane ex- be will speak informally aijpioded a few feew from where Bridgeport and Hartford, Conn., and at Springfield, Mass. He also plans an election, eve message to supporters. TbtMts "We have been he said sst night, "that unless the Amer- ican people elect the Republican presidential choice, the Congress not cooperate in the peace. That -is a threat to build a party spite fence between us and peace." "I do not know who empowers these men. to speak for the Con- gress in uttering such a threat.'" .he general was standing in the open. The bomb wounded a Fiii-. pino orderly standing at Mac- Arthur's side. Mr. Roosevelt 15-minute radio speech bit hard at what he termed the whispering campaign On the general vide field of the campaign, the President said: advance toward Ja- pan 'is many months ahead of our own optimistic schedule. result ganizatioo.' of planning and or- "It would be a sorry and cynical thing to betray this CDS. 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