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Florence Morning News (Newspaper) - October 1, 1976, Florence, South Carolina GOOD MORNING! It's Friday, October 7, 1976 OUR 53RD YEAR NO. 275 FLORENCE. S. C. DAILY 15' SUNDAY 35' Viking Again Fails To Find Signs of Life on Mars PASADKNA. Cnlif. [API The Viking rr-.Ksion's chances of finding life ort Mars were dealt a blow Thursday when latest data from the Viking 2 rolxH showed no sign of organic material in the Martian soil Life as we know il is not possible without organics tiny chains ol carbon atoms and neither of the Viking landers have found organic in'alter in their probes of Mars' red soil. Gentry I.ce. director of the mission's science analysis, said there was still the possibility of life on Mars but admitted that it was difficult to "explain no organics." Scientists said Viking 2 will conduct further searches for organics including a dig under a Martian rock but there was not much hope here at Jet Propulsion Laboratory that the elusivc- "building blocks of life" would tx The results reported Thursday wer< from the first test of the soil by Viking 2 A sample of soil was healed lo 200 de- grees I'ahrcnreil in the hopes ol vaporizing any simple organic compound that might be in tlic dirt. .It is possible lhatorganics were in the dirt but not vaporized, so UK experiment will be conducted three more Limes, each lime at a highci lempcralure. Impressing caution against ruling out the possibility of lifeon Mars. Dr. Klaus Ilieman of the organics team said: "We can draw no conclusions except that, at 200 degrees in the Bonncvillc (the nickname ol the sample site) sample, we have delected no organic mnlerials." processes. Scientists hiid though! that Ihe biolugy probes would Una life if il was there.' and the organic chemistry experiment would tell them something about thai life. If the biology experiments could find no life, the theory went, al Icasl Ihe organic chemistry experiment could probe the "bones" of possible earlier life the twin rolxHs Vikings I and 2 came up with was something quite unexpected. The biology aboard IxKh lanjers repoalerilv came up positive, .showing "what we would expect them to show if there is life up there." said spokesman Nickt'anagakos. Rut organics were never found, casting a giant shadow of douut over Ihe findings of Ihe biology probes. Dr. Norman whose pyrolitic release biology experiment was supposed to have given lite definitive answer lo the question of life Mai s. said positive results from both his experiment and Ihc organic experiment would bo necessary before "we conld positively sav there is life nn Mars." have lo walk on two tcel." he added, "and wilhoul both feet. we cannot say there is life tin Mars Palestinian Guerrillas Hard Hit by Syrians SECRETARY OF STATE HENRY KISSINGER "There Can Be No Selective Detente" ALKY. Lebanon [API Palestinian guerrillas suffered a major loss to Syrian forces earlv Thursday and the top guerrilla leadership met in this mountain resort lo 'decide whether lo continue fighting or lo negotiate. Syrian armored units kept up their advance and clashed with guerrilla positions five miles from the villa where over-all guerrilla chief Yasir Arafat met with his senior military lieutenants. A Palestinian source said they were choosing between "war or talks." After meeting for six hours. Ihe guerrilla lenders were reported moving their discussions lo fk'irut. Nothing was revealed of the talks. Lebanese leftist sources said Syria was demanding that the Palestinians give up their positions on the Beirut-Damascus highway and starl withdrawing to refugee camps to the south. Alev is on tlie highway 10 miles cast of Beirut. Forward positions of the guerrillas and their leftist Moslem allies arc five miles caslaroundanotltcr resort town. Bhamdoun. There was no word Thursday on responses lo Egypt's call Wednesday for a limited Arab summit within 48 hours to deal with the worsened crisis in the 17-month-old Lebanese civil war. Cease-fire efforts by new Lebanese President Ellas Sarkis and Arab League mediator Hassan Sabri Kholi have so far proved futile. Guerrilla positions in an area Bulling into the SOO-sqiiiire-niile enclave of Iheir right-wing Christian enemies north of the highway w-erc overrun after a two-day Syrian push that began al dawn Tuesday. Abu Jihad, guerrilla commander of the mountain area, told Associated Press newsman Mohammed Sulam before the Palestinian meeting start edlhaf'thc Syrians will not win anything wilhoul a price." He said 10 Syrian tanks were advancing on a village nvar Hhamdoun. "and our forces are Fighting Ihem there." On a small road nulsidc Rharndoi1 a guerrilla with a .shoulder-fired antitan gun lold Salarn. "Co buck to liliatndoun or die here." While consolidating their after Ihc two-day push, the Syrians were keeping pres- sure on the guerrillar with careful armor thrusts and artillery barrages. As Syrians moved in from the cast. Christian private armies were IK" gathering for attack north of Aley. The radio operated by Ihe Phalange party, which has the largest Christian militia, said il the guerrillas fail to withdraw by peaceful negotiations Mhcy will be committing military suicide." Christians demand that the guerrillas slop Iheir support of the leftist-Moslem side in Ihc civil war. return lo their refugee camps ami submit to Lebanese control of their armed ac- tivities. Opinion aiming Ihe guerrillas is said lo be divided. Doves (ear defiance could provoke Syria inlo crushing Ihc movement completely, and hawks argue lhal backing down will lead lo Syrian domination anyway FORD PERCHES ON HIS OVAL OFFICE DESK TO TALK WITH NEWSMEN "As Long as My Conscience Is Clear, I Have No Real Problem" Ford Denies Wrongdoing In Past Campaign Funds Kissinger Says Soviet Union Working against African Peace UNITED NATIONS. N.Y. (API Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger declared on Thursday that southern Africa is on a course toward peace and racial justice but outside powers "fueling the flames of war and that might never relnrn." Kissinger, making his annual speech before Ihe U.N. General Assembly, peppered Ihe review of world affairs with thrusts at the Soviet Union. lie said Ihe United Slates is disturbed by the continuing accumulation of Russian arms and. in an obvious reference lo Angola, "hy rccenl instances of military intervention lo tip '.he scales in local conflicts in distant continents." The future of mankind requires coexistence by the superpowers. Kissinger said, and restraint nursl reciprocal and global "There can he no selective detente." Besides the evident irritation with Moscow, he jabbed al Ihe Third World for bloc voting and a widespread tendency "to come here for battle rather lhan negotiation." ff these trends persist. Kissinger said. "Ihe hope for world community will dissipate." Kissinger advanced no new major policy initiatives in Ihe hour-long speech, although forecast that a comprehensive program for nuclear controls lo be announced shortly [See KISSINGER, Page (A! Agricultural Fair To Open Monday INDEX Eastern South Carolina Agricul- classified 8B (ural Fair opens Monday in Flor- Comjcs HB ence. Page 2A. Deaths Doctor ji Danny Murtaugh retires as man ager of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Editorials 5 Mrs. Mondale campaigns in the 3 Carolinas for Jimmy and her hus- band. Page 1B. Markets Sports State-Area Theaters Women 4A g 12B 4B 1B jij BA 12A Finney Takes Oath As Judge SUMTER (AP) Krnest A. Finney Jr.. Ihc first black man to become a circuil judge in South Carolina inmodern limes, was sworn in Thursday by Chief Justice J. Woodrow Lewis al Ihe Sumtcr County courthouse. Hundreds of persons, moslly black, packed into the cour- troom to hear Finney. a stale legislator, lake Ihe oath of of- fice. Finney's wife, Frances, held a large Bible with a red cover. His father. Ernest A. Finney Sr., and his Iwo sons and a daughter helped him into his black judge's robe. "I am completely humbled by the responsibility which you have given Finney said after the ceremony. "I am in- deed grateful and appreciative of the law because I believe the American system of democracy (Sec FINNEY, Page 5A) WEATHER Sunny and mild. Highs, upper 70s; Lows, low 50s. Details, Page 3A. Hurricane Gloria No Threat MIAMI lAI'l Hurricane Gloria slccred. clear of Per- rnuda Thursday as its 90-mile- ner-hour winds headed north- east into the open Atlantic Ocean, the National Hurricane Center said. Forecasters in Miami said Ihe medium-sized hurricane was centered at noon near latitude 33.4 nurlh. longitude 58.5. west, or about 375 miles easlnorlheasl of Hcrmuda. 'By The Associated Press Prodded by Jimmy Carter lo discuss bis 'past campaign fi nances and corporation-paid golfing weekends. President I-'ord said Thursday that no campaign funds ever went fnr his personal use and he is cer- tain there was no impropriety. "I am certain that when the investigation is completed, lhal 1 will free of any allegations such as I have read about." tin. President lold a news confer- ence. "As long as my con- science is clear. I have no real problem." Carter, in turn, lold reporters the President's declaration ends Ihe matter as far as he i concerned. He said he accepts Ford's statement al face value Carter was campaigning in Ihc Northeast. Mel at the Buf- falo. N.Y.. airport hy pickets calling for an -accounting uf Americans still missing in Southeast Asia, he pledged to try as president lo send a dele- gation lo Vielnam. l.aos and Cambodia. The Democratic candidate said such a delegation would try to determine what happened lo Ihe U.S. servicemen Ihe Pentagon says are still unaccounted for in Ihc Vietnam war Carter gave nn specifics about Ihc or makeup of the delegation. CARTER CAMPAIGNS IN BUFFALO, N.Y. Led, Demo Senate Hopeful Pat Moynihan investigation hy special Hoth vice presidential candi- dates. Democrat Waller K. Mondale and Republican liob Prosecutor Charles Huff Dole, campaigned in PennsyL reportedly into whether rord to Washington and Dole headed lions lo hisow-nusc when lie was forajtpearar.ces in Baltimore. in Congress. The Securities and Exchange .Carter bad challenged the President losubmil toquestions from reporters about an Commission, meanwhile, has a separate probe under way into corporation provided entertain- ment for government officials, including Ford That investiga- Ml I r- n vania. Then :Mondale returned political contribu- tSer- I'OMIUS. Page BAI Congress Overrides HEW Veto FINNEY TAKES OATH AS CIRCUIT JUDGE His Wife Frances Holds the Bible WASHINGTON (API Nearing the completion of their business Ihis election yea r. Congress on Thursday overrode President Ford's veto of a billion appropriation bill lo fi- nance a broad range of social programs. The Senate completed passage of the bill when it voted 67 to 15 lo override. The vole was 12 more than Ihe two-thirds majority required. Earlier. Congress passed a compromise revenue-sharing measure, an action which should clear Ihc way for adjournment for the year on Friday. Ford issued a .statement saying passage of the revenue sharing bill was "a most significant accomplishment." although, he said, il "is not all thai I and Ihe mayors, county executives and governors had hoped for." "General revenue sharing has proven lo be a Iriumph of the conviction that state, county, city and local government can be far more responsive and flexible in scrvmg lhan distanl bureaucracies and special interest said. Nineteen Senate Republicans deserted Ford and supported the appropriation bill, which provides funds (or programs administered hy Ihe departments of Labor and ol Health. Education and Welfare. Earlier Thursday, before the congressional vote. Jimmy Carter, the Democratic presidential candidate, in an interview with several Boston television reporters. had decried Ford's vctoof the bill. Kord lias vetoed 59 bills since he became President. Twelve vetoes have been overridden. The HEW and l-ibor appro- priations hill contains a provision prohibiting Ihe use of federal funds for abortion Ford said his objection to the bill was based "purely and simply" on (he issue of fiscal integrity. Ford announced late Thursday ISce CONGRESS, Page SA)
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