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   Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - August 17, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina                                 Sports  Clemson Unsure About Probe  Page 9A  A Quick Read  Chief Lays Down Law, ll Policemen Resign  CLOVER, — The new police chief instituted some policies aimed at refining a staff that had gotten lax, and his efforts were answered with ll of his 12 employees quitting.  “I don’t enjoy having to see officers come and go,” said Troy Martin. “But I’ve got a job to do.” Martin took over as police chief of Clover, population 4,470, in January for William Howe, who resigned citing job stress. Less than a week later, officers began leaving the force — ll of his 12 employees quit, were fired or were suspended.  “When I took over here, I could see the rebellion in their eyes,” Martin recalls. “I knew I was going to have to make an example of some of these guys — they weren’t buying my story.”  Elevated IQ Linked To Family Background  NEW YORK (AP) - A study of adopted children showed that being raised by a well-to-do family or being born to privileged parents raised IQ  scores.  The study is one of the first to clearly separate the effects of heredity and environment on IQ scores, said Matthew McGue, a behavioral geneticist at the University of Minnesota.  “It’s a well-designed study, and the results are clean and clear,” he said Wednesday. “There is an effect of biology, and there is an effect of rearing circumstances.”  Weather  Mostly Cloudy  Mostly cloudy skies are forecast tonight with a 30 percent chance of thunstorms and a low near 70. Mostly sunny skies are forecast Friday with a 40 percent chance of thunderstorms and a high near 90. Please see details on Page 8A.  Deaths  Johnnie F Blanton, Belvedere Willie Bohler, North Augusta Ollie P. Crouch, Graniteville Wilken Dorch Jr., Martin Colleen Jackson, Washington, D C. Ethel K. Tuten, Aiken Please see details on Page 8A  Inside Today  Bridge.............   7B  Calendar       3C  Classifieds.  .........  5B  Comics  ......   2C  Crossword  .............. 8B  Cryptoquote  ........„........   6B  Dear Abby...,*......    2C  Local Front .....  1B  Obituaries .....      8A  Opinions. .......      4A  Sports...  .....  9A  Television  ......      2C  Weather..,,............................    6A  Mysteries To Be Explored In Aiken Standard Series  In Aiken County, more than a half-dozen cases of criminal violence are listed as unsolved on law enforcement books.  They include everything from hit-and-runs to shootings and a mysterious disappearance. Beginning Saturday, The Aiken Standard takes a look at four of them.  Among the cases are the disappearance of a child, the shooting deaths of a North Augusta couple, the hit-and-run killing of a bicyclist and the rape-murder of an Edgefield County widow.  FBI Wants Check On New Teachers  AIKEN COUNTY PUBLIC LINHART 41$ NEWBERRY ST. 8. H, AIKEN. S. C 28MI  Page IB  Bill Would Ease Taxpayer Burden  SUkcit Standard  Thursday, August 17, 1989  Aiken, South Carolina  Vol. 122 No. 197  Nuclear Power Wave Of U.S. Future  By BUDDY WALLER Staff Writer  If the United States is to meet its energy needs in coming years, it will increasingly have to turn to nuclear power, declares a report by the Nuclear Power Oversight Committee.  “For national policy reasons — economic, strategic and environmental — nuclear energy should play an important role in providing the new generating capacity that will be required,” states NPOC, which consists of executives of several energy industry organizations.  The report adds, “Our nation needs  S.C. Power Use......................  Page    6A  safe, reliable, environmentally clean and strategically secure nuclear energy to help meet its long-term energy needs.” The report cites “an inescapable fact: sizable amounts of new generating capacity are needed if enough electricity is to be available to continue fueling U.S. economic growth. Assuming demand for electricity grows 2-3 percent annually through the turn of the century, the U.S. will need 120-220 million kilowatts of new capacity in the 1990s beyond what is currently under construction.”  A 1988 study, “The Cost of Turning Off U.S. Nuclear Electricity Plants,” by Science Concepts Inc., shows that “nuclear electricity has saved consumers an estimated $60 billion, compared to what they would have paid if it had been generated by other available fuel sources,” the NPOC report states.  Moreover, the report claims that even though recently-built nuclear plants had high construction costs, “they are projected to generate electricity for less costs than oil-fired plants over their lifetimes.”  Nuclear generators aid U.S. energy security by lessening dependence on for  eign oil, NPOC contends. It adds that since the 1973-74 Arab oil embargo, nuclear plants have saved the nation 3.9 million barrels of oil, which would have added $114 billion to the trade deficit.  On environmental grounds, the report extols nuclear power because it does not produce greenhouse gases.  “Nuclear plants, for example, emit not carbon dioxide.”  The report continues, “If the ecological threat of the greenhouse effect is real, it emphasizes the importance of ensuring that nuclear energy is maintained as one  (Please See NUCLEAR, Page 6A)  Christmas Wine  June Trade Gap Best Since '84  Staff Photo By Scott Webster  SURPRISING CROP: Montmorenci's Bob Scott got a pleasant surprise with his vineyard this year. The vines bore early but he still hopes to have his winery presses ready by Christmas. For story, please see Page 1B.  By The Associated Press  WASHINGTON - The U.S. trade deficit improved dramatically in June to $8.17 billion, the smallest imbalance since December 1984, the government said today.  The Commerce Deprtment said the June deficit represented a sharp 18.9 percent improvement over a revised May deficit of $10.08 billion.  The improvement came from a 1.5 percent increase in U.S. exports, which pushed them to a record level of $30.91 billion, and a 3.6 percent drop in imports, which fell to $39.08 billion. The trade deficit is the difference between imports and exports  The overall deficit of $8.17 billion was the lowest monthly imbalance since a $6.79 billion deficit in December 1984.  Economists had been looking for the deficit to narrow, but not by as large a margin as actually occurred. However, analysts said the figures did not change their overall prediction that the country ’s trade improvement is in danger of stalling out.  Many economists are predicting that the deficits will begin rising in the second half of the year as American exports suffer from the rising value of the dollar. A higher dollar makes U.S. goods more expensive on overseas markets.  “We are looking for a substantial widening in the deficit in the last part of the year as the value of the dollar begins to cut into export sales,” said Michael Evans, head of a Washington forecasting firm.  For the first half of 1989, the deficit has  U.S. Trade Balance  JUNE 1989  IMPORTS:  $39.08 billion  Rounded figures, seasonally adjusted  EXPORTS: $30.91 billion  AP  been running at an annual rate of $108.6 billion, down 8.4 percent from last year’s total merchandise trade deficit of $118.5 billion.  Many economists predict, however, that deficit growth in the last half of the year will put the total imbalance for the year exactly where it was in 1988.  For June, the improvement in exports reflected gains in sales of big-ticket capital goods and industrial supplies.  The decline in imports, which put them at their lowest level since April, reflected declines in imports of automobiles, capital goods and industrial supplies.  Another major factor in the June improvement was a sharp drop in America’s foreign oil bill, which fell 11.5 percent to $4.2 billion, reflecting declines in  (Please See JUNE, Page 6A)  Schools To Put More Emphasis On Writing Skills  By DENISE STUBBS Staff Writer  Aiken County students can expect a lot more writing exercises in their classes this year as the school district implements programs with a greater writing emphasis in all subjects.  Bus Routes................................Page    6C  In recent years, the curriculum focus in many schools across the country has been slowly drawn away from reading and writing as the computer age has slipped into the forefront of the educational system, U.S. education analyses report.  Students have begun to prefer multiple  choice exams over essays, and many teachers have grown accustomed to easy-to-grade tests, instead of the in  depth study of all subjects through writing.  As students enter universities and colleges every year, they are shocked with essay exams and the volumes of texts  (Please See SCHOOLS, Page 3A)  Peer Pressure To Be Used To Fight Drug, Alcohol Abuse Among Teens  By KIM MCNEELY Staff Writer  Student leaders from three local high schools attended the S.C. Teen Institute earlier this summer in order to create a plan of action to help reduce alcohol and drug abuse in their schools.  Students from Aiken High, Wagener-Salley High and North Augusta High participated in this program that teaches them to assert postive peer pressure on their classmates.  Aiken High students that participated  were: Wendy Windsor, Colanthia Baldwin, Erwin Stephens and Michelle Caldwell. Wagener-Sallev students were: Thomasina Garrett, Carl Evans, Danny Baker and Kathleen McGovern. North Augusta students were: Jenna Finch,“Miryam Roland, Allison Holland and Mary Storey.  Juanita Windsor is Prevention Education Coordinator for the Aiken Center for Alcohol and Drug Abuse Services.  (Please See PEER, Page 3A)  Soviets Grant Greater Authority To 15 Republics  By The Associated Press  MOSCOW — The Communist Party today accepted the demand of the Baltic republics for a new unification agreement to replace the one that formed the Soviet Union.  It also agreed to give the 15 Soviet republics the power to “question” national laws before a high court with greater powers, according to a draft policy published in Pravda.  It appeared to be a partial concession  to Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, which have passed republic constitutional amendments claiming the right to reject national laws. The Kremlin has said this violates the Soviet constitution.  The party calls for the “working out of a new unifying agreement to replace the Treaty of Organization of the U.S.S.R. of 1922.”  That could be limited to expanding the powers of the republics as recommended by the party in today’s policy statement. But it also opens the possibility that radi-  t  cals could push through a complete change in the structure of the nation.  Human rights activist Andrei Sakharov has suggested a loose confederation of sovereign states, and many nationalists in the Baltics and Georgia have called for secession from the Soviet Union.  Aigar Irgens, an editor at Atmoda, the newspaper of the Latvian Popular Front, said of the party’s proposal: “We don’t want a new agreement. We want coplete independence.”  The draft also calls for a new law ban-  I  ning “nationalist and chauvinist orgt zations.” Many of the more than IOO i tionalities in the Soviet Union have formed groups to agitate for changes ranging from restoration of their native languages to secession.  Such a law could be targeted against pro-secession groups such as the Party of National Independence in Georgia, Russian strikers protesting a new language law in Estonia, or the mass-membership  (Please See SOVIETS, Page 6AI   

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