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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - May 25, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Kentucky Likes Knicks Pitino Page 7A A Quick Read Mass Killers Wife Wins Record Lawsuit LONDON AP A jury awarded the wife of British mass killer Peter Sutcliffe the socalled Yorkshire Ripper a record in libel damages Wednesday against a satir ical magazine Private Eye Ian Hislop editor of Private Eye said the bimonthly may have to fold and declared If this is justice Im a banana Sonia Sutcliffes truck driver hus band was jailed for life in 1981 for killing 13 women and attempting to kill five more The 200000circulation Private Eye was ordered to pay the damages for alleging that Mrs Sutcliffe sold her story to a tabloid newspaper for after carousing with its re porters at a hotel Tax Burden Highest For Rich And Poor WASHINGTON AP Taxes take almost 36 percent of the income of the average American but about half the earnings of the nations richest and poorest families the Tax Foun dation says For most taxpayers the federal system is progressive meaning it is based in large part on ability to pay the foundation said But state and lo cal taxes are moderately regressive falling disproportionately on those with lower incomes In a study released Wednesday the nonpartisan research organiza tion found great disparity in the way some taxes are distributed among the various income levels For example the individual in come tax burden of the more income group who pay 274 percent of income is nine times greater than that of a family in the lowest income class which pays at an effective rate of 31 percent the foundation said In 1986 households under gave just about half their incomes 495 percent to federal state and local governments Those with in comes of and more paid an average 516 percent Page 2A Sakhorov Addresses Soviet Congress Page IB Lawmakers Clash Over State Budget Weather More Heat Partly cloudy skies are forecast for today and Friday with highs both days in the low 90s Skies will turn fair tonight Please see details on Page 6A Deaths Waller S Baker Aiken Helen L Huff Warrenville Lizzie Mae Johnson North Augusta Tillman Key Aiken Carol Turno Aiken Please see details on Page 5A Inside Today Bridge6B Calendar11B Classifieds4B Comics3B Crossword7B Cryptoquote58 DearAbby3B Local Front18 Obituaries5A Opinions4A Sports7A Television3B Weather5A Aiken South Carolina Vol 122 No 125 GAO Doubts Reactor Cost Building Time By BRAD SWOPE Staff Writer Building new weapons production reac tors at the Savannah River Site and in Idaho will take longer and cost more than the US Department of Energy esti mates a congressional report says The report by the General Accounting Office the investigative arm of Con gress said the DOE should provide an indepth analysis of schedule costs and benefits for each type of nuclear reactor that could provide tritium and plutonium for US nuclear weapons J Dexter Peach assistant US comp troller general presented the report Wednesday to the DOEs Defense Nucle ar Facilities Panel and the House Armed Services Committee Last August the DOE proposed spend ing billion to build a primary new production reactor at Savannah River and a smaller backup reactor at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory The SRS facility would begin operating about the year 2000 under the DOEs schedule The GAO said the DOEs proposal to Congress does not provide a complete and clear picture of all implications of implementing the strategy In addition Watkins Response1B subsequent events have affected the ba sis on which the strategy was developed A crucial development since August has been the controversy thats surfaced over technical and managerial problems at Savannah Rivers three existing reac tors which now supply the only source of perishable tritium gas essential to arm ing nuclear weapons The NPR would eventually replace them DOE has ordered all three reactors shut down for wideranging upgrades and hopes to restart one early next year though no restart schedule has been announced The report said DOEs proposal does not provide clear information concerning the total time frame necessary to con struct and obtain tritium from the two suggested reactors In addition the DOE schedule does not provide any contingen cy for uncertainties in areas of schedule risk Please See GAO Page 12A US Business With Joint Ventures lS partners 35 in millions of umber of 1546 751 61 220 16 r ml US Exports to China in billions 77 79 80 81 88 Source USChina Business Council Dean Caple TRADE INTERESTS Since resuming normal relations the United States has become a major investor in China as shown by this chart but now businessmen are taking a more cautious approach For story please see Page 11 A Wright On Ropes Willing To Trade Job For Dismissal By The Associated Press WASHINGTON House Speaker Jim Wright in a riveting spectacle of political abdication is offering to relinquish his pow erful leadership post in exchange for dis missal of ethics com mittee charges that in volve his wife Democrats already have begun speaking WRIGHT of a succession in which Thomas Foley the majority leader would move up to speaker as early as next week There is near unanimity of support for Tom Foley Rep Pat Williams of Mon tana said Wednesday Publicly Wright insisted he would press ahead with his defense against the charges in the House ethics commit tee At the same time he dispatched his lawyers to explore alternatives to what could be weeks of trying to change the minds of committee members who brought the charges against him The speakers lawyers meeting Wednesday with attorneys for the ethics committee offered his post in exchange for dismissal of the charge that he ac cepted improper gratuities from a devel oper friend according to sources famil iar with the talks One alleged gift was a job for Betty Wright The committees outside counsel says she did little if any work for her salary Wright says she did and has vowed in sometimes dramatic state ments to protect her honor The talks on Wednesday included sug gestions that the conflictofinterest charges could be narrowed to eliminate the years when Mrs Wrights job was involved Rep John Myers RInd ranking Re publican on the ethics committee said panel members Wednesday afternoon au thorized outside counsel Richard Phelan to hold discussions but not negotiations with Wrights lawyers Phelan met with Rep Robert Torricelli DNJ a member of the speakers defense team Republicans made public their reluc tance to make a deal with the speaker House GOP campaign officials have said Wrights ethics will make a juicy cam paign issue for them in 1990 I personally am opposed to any ar rangements deals plea bargaining Myers said House Republican leader Bob Michel RI11 who was keeping tabs on the talks told reporters that Quite frankly the integrity of the ethics committee might very well be undermined if they were to Please See WRIGHT Page 12A Bush Under Increasing Attack For Decision To Build Reactors By The Associated Press WASHINGTON The Bush administra tion is coming under increasing attack for its plan to build new military reactors in South Carolina and Idaho that could pro vide far more materi al for nuclear war heads than the Pentagon says it will need BUSH The latest barrage of criticism comes from the General Accounting Office the investigative arm of Congress It said Wednesday that lawmakers were given inaccurate and incomplete information about key elements of the plan to build reactors in South Carolina and Idaho The GAO also questioned whether it was necessary to build the reactors which the Energy Department says would provide 150 percent of the antici pated need for tritium a radioactive gas used to boost the explosive power of nu clear warheads The administration wants to build one reactor at the federal Savannah River Site near Aiken and another at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory near Idaho Falls It says they could be built within 10 years for billion The main reason for constructing new reactors is that the only existing ones capable of producing tritium all situ ated at the Savannah River Site are Please See BUSH Page 12A Li Peng Calls In Soldiers To Crush Student Revolt Workers Intellectuals Join Ouster Movement Intense Political Struggle Remains Unresolved By The Associated Press BEIJING Premier Li Peng spoke publicly today for the first time since de claring martial law denying on staterun television that he had called the army to Beijing to crush the prodemocracy stu dent movement Earlier today in yet another mass demonstration more than 100000 work ers and intellectuals marched to join stu dents in demanding Lis ouster An in tense power struggle within the political leadership appeared unresolved Lis apparent attempt to end the up heaval with martial law in Beijing on Sat urday has met with widespread resis tance and exacerbated divisions in Chinas political and military leadership He said in the appearance on staterun television news that the army had not yet entered the city because our govern ment is a peoples government and our army is a peoples army Over the weekend tens of thousands of people had stymied the armys advance on students occupying central Tianan men Square by building street barricades that kept them out of Beijing The television news quoted Li as saying during a meeting with three new ambas sadors that the thousands of troops sur rounding Beijing would only enter the city once local citizens understand their purpose He denied claims that the army was called in to crush the monthlong student movement the largest in Communist Chinas 40 years A Foreign Ministry spokeswoman de nied today that either Communist Party chief Zhao Ziyang who had shown sym pathy for the students cause or Li had lost their posts She refused to comment on strife within the leadership Todays marchers converged on Tian anmen Square Chinas symbolic center of power two days after an estimated 1 million people held a similar protest de manding Lis ouster The bannerwaving procession chanted We wont stop until Li Peng steps down They also demanded the resignation of senior leader Deng Xiao ping believed to have been behind Lis crackdown This is the first time Ive demonstrat ed in my life said Zhang Ciling 54 a composer But today I have to express my feelings My country is facing a Please See LI PENG Page 12A Quarterly GNP Report Shows Growth Short Of Expectation By The Associated Press WASHINGTON The US economy grew at a 43 percent annual rate in the first three months of 1989 much slower than previously thought the govern ment reported today The Commerce Departments esti mate of growth in the gross national product the broadest measure of eco nomic health was well below an initial estimate a month ago that put the GNP increase at 55 percent The slowdown was even more pro nounced when the effects of a rebound from last years drought in the farm sec tor were removed That rebound added 25 percentage points to growth in the first quarter after the drought had subtracted 11 percent age points in the last quarter of 1988 Thus growth in the nonfarm economy slumped to a lackluster 18 percent in the first three months of the year down from a nonfarm growth rate of 35 per cent in the fourth quarter and the slow est quarterly GNP advance in more than two years The 43 percent overall GNP increase was substantially lower than expected In advance of todays report many fore casters were looking for only a slight downward revision to 54 percent GNP growth The GNP report did serve to empha size the general view that the economy is headed for a period of markedly slow er growth this year Even with the effects of the drought the GNP expanded last year at a four year high of 39 percent That rapid pace helped to drive unemployment down sharply and the overall prosperity was credited in part with helping the Repub licans hold onto the White House However the expansion which has lasted a peacetime record of more than six years is expected to slow this year under the impact of the credittightening engineered by the Federal Reserve in an effort to keep inflation under control Economists say it is still an open ques tion over whether the Feds intervention will succeed in achieving slower growth and lower inflation or a more severe weakening that could topple the country into a recession The new GNP report showed that in flation spurted in the first three months of the year A price index tied to the GNP rose at an annual rate of 5 percent from January through March reflecting higher wage costs for federal employees and higher food and energy prices The inflation advance while un changed from the initial estimate a month ago was up from a 42 percent rate in the final three months of 1988
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