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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - March 10, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina J Coming Sunday Mrs Sheffield Phelps led the or ganization of the Garden Club of Aiken at her home Rose Hill in 1924 The Aiken Standard Sunday Magazine has the story as the garden club nears its 65th anniversary A Strategic Plan being developed for growth at the SRP will find local governments are working together to solve their problems Carl Langleys series on SRP impact continues with interviews of government officials Horse Health Products Inc is marketing a revolutionary new feeding system for Thoroughbreds Reporter Philip Lord has the story in Sundays business section A Quick Read Couple In Spotlight From TestTube Twins TAYLORS Mary Paxton says she and her husband have been over whelmed with the historical signifi cance of having twins who were con ceived in a test tube Fred and Mary Paxton have been trying to have a baby for seven years In vitro fertilization con ception outside the body and surgical implantation of the fertilized egg in the mother was one of their last chances Though perhaps a dozen testtube babies have been born in South Caro lina since 1984 the Paxtons have been told they are the first to have multiple births through the technique Making history is a little over whelming Mrs Paxton said Middieton Oak Named Constitution Tree CHARLESTON For centuries the sprawling Middieton Oak has stood silent sentinel by the gray green waters of the Ashley River On Thursday about 50 people gath ered by the river at Middieton Place as the tree was designated a Consti tution Tree signifying it was alive when the nation was founded One gnarled branch of the hoary tree reaches down almost into the water at the edge of one of the formal gardens at Middieton Ferns cling to some of the boughs of the oak which is draped with Spanish moss The oak is more than 60 feet tall has a trunk thats 37 feet around and 10 feet across and may be as many as 600 years old said Jay Clingman an urban forester with the South Caroli na Forestry Commission Middieton Oak is one of only 30 trees in the nation designated a Con stitution Tree Clingman said There is another in South Carolina at Brookgreen Gardens near Myrtle Beach Weather Clear Skies Tonight Clear skies are forecast tonight with a low near 30 Mostly sunny skies are forecast Saturday with a high near 70 Please see details on Page 6A Deaths Charlie Simmons Jr Williston Please see details on Page 6A Inside Today Bridge4C Calendar8B Classifieds2C Comics2B Crossword5C Cryptoquote3C DearAbby2B Local Front1B Obituaries6A Opinions4A Sports3B Television2B Weather6A Eastern Airlines Ticket Holders Angry Barnweli Plant May Get DOE Work Aiken South Carolina Vol 122 No 60 Rejection Causes Pentagon Paralysis Routine Jobs Getting Done By Acting Chief But Major Defense Decisions On The Horizon AP Laserphoto COMMENTS ON VOTE John Tower reads a statement at the Pentagon Thursday after the Senate voted 5347 to reject his nomination as Secretary of Defense By NORMAN BLACK AP Military Writer WASHINGTON The Pentagon faces paralysis even if George Bush quickly finds a replacement nominee for John Tower as defense secretary officials say Some of the officials argue President Bush will have to elevate the authority of Acting Defense Secretary William H Taft IV a Reagan holdover or the de partments attempt to project a business asusual posture will crumble The routine stuff is getting done thanks to WiU Taft said one official But were running out of time now You cant just focus on the routine stuff Said another senior official who is also a Reagan holdover Were getting close to the deadline for budget decisions over here That same official said it would take several weeks before a replacement for Tower can be installed at the Pentagon The Senate voted 5347 Thursday to re ject Towers nomination after questions were raised about his alleged alcohol abuse indiscreet behavior toward wom en and ties to defense contractors In the meantime say Pentagon offi cials the Pentagons internal budget de liberations are coming to a head and that the department will have to submit a plan to the White House by the end of the month for slashing almost billion from its fiscal 1990 request What worries some officials even more is that without a secretary of defense the selection and confirmation of key depu ties throughout the department remains at an absolute standstill Bush has submitted only one other Pen tagon nomination that of former GM executive Donald J Atwood to become deputy defense secretary to the Sen ate But that nomination now likely goes on hold pending selection of a new de fense chief and the dozens of under sec retaries and assistant secretaries that help run the department are still not on board the officials said OneThird Of Young Teens Ponder Suicide Survey Says By The Associated Press ATLANTA One out of every three eighthand lOthgraders surveyed in 20 states said they have seriously consid ered killing themselves and many have poor health habits that include drinking smoking and ignorance of safe sex Thirtyfour percent of the 11000 stu dents 25 percent of the boys and 42 percent of the girls reported that they had thought seriously about ending their lives and 15 percent had gone so far as to attempt potentially fatal injuries the na tional Centers for Disease Control report ed Thursday Dr Lloyd Kolbe director of the CDCs Division of Adolescent and School Health said the suicide figures were surprising We just didnt think it would be that high he said He said it was the first time the suicide question had been asked in the National Adolescent Student Health Survey so re searchers lacked a bench mark for comparison Many schools in the nation are teach ing more about suicide about how to identify friends who may be suicidal and many school faculty are being trained in how to deal with suicides should they oc cur Kolbe noted He thought the findings added urgency to such activities I think what it means is that we need to begin exploring this a little more and looking at what we can do Kolbe said The 1987 survey addressed questions about alcohol drugs violence suicide and sex to eighthand lOthgrade stu dents in randomly selected classrooms chosen from a national sample of 217 schools in 20 states In the eighth grade 51 percent had tried smoking and 77 percent had tried alcohol by 10th grade the numbers rose to 63 percent for smoking and 89 percent for liquor Overall 22 percent reported smoking in the previous month and about 32 per cent reporting having five or more drinks at one time in the previous two weeks Drinking and drug use contributes very substantially to homicide and sui cide Kolbe said The survey also measured students knowledge about healthrelated topics Fortyseven percent believed wrong ly that donating blood increases the risk Selected responses to a survey of 11419 8th and 10th grade students in 217 schools across the United States assessing their exposure to health risks Q All students 10th grade Q 8th grade Have had five or more drinks on on6 occasion during the past two f 26 Rode in the past month with a driver who had used alcohol or drugs 32 Did not wear a seat belt the last time they rode in a vehicle 56 Have seriously eottsktereci j GIRLS Believe donating blood increases the likelihood of becoming tofected with AIDS Received Instruction on AIDS Are current 16 35 margin of error Source Centers lor Disease Control of AIDS Fiftyone percent thought incorrect ly that washing after sex could decrease the likelihood of getting AIDS Only 43 percent were able to figure Dean Caple out from a cereal box which was the chief ingredient and only 42 percent knew what the date on a milk carton means See ONETHIRD Page 7A Jobless Rate Is At Lowest Since 1974 By The Associated Press WASHINGTON The nations un employment rate in February plunged to 51 percent the lowest point in 15 years as employers creat ed 289000 new jobs in a sign of the economys continued strength the government reported today The jobless rate was down 03 per centage points from December hit ting 51 percent for first time since May 1974 the Labor Department said The rate last was lower in De cember 1973 when it hit 49 percent At the same time employers cre ated 289000 new nonfarm jobs last month with the gains confined to serviceproducing industries ac cording to a separate survey of busi ness payrolls Februarys jobgrowth figure re flected some fallback after payrolls grew by a robust 415000 jobs in Janu ary when employment was spurred by unusually mud weather Janu arys figure was revised upward from an initial estimate of 408000 new jobs See JOBLESS Page 7A Westinghouse Foresaw Challenges At SRP By BRAD SWOPE Staff Writer Westinghouses May 1988 proposal to operate the Savannah River Plant fore saw that the next SRP contractor would face major challenges in nuclear reactor safety environmental cleanups fiscal belttightening and employee relations Westinghouse Savannah River Co which the Department of Energy select ed in September to operate the weapons materials plant will replace the Du Pont Co on April 1 The extraordinary partnership be tween DOE and the Du Pont company that has brought mission success for nearly four decades is about to end Even under the most optimistic transition sce nario there will be a certain amount of adjustment for DOE and incumbent per sonnel wrote Theodore Stern a Wes tinghouse vice president in a letter in cluded with his companys voluminous proposal The DOE released portions of that 1000 page proposal last week in response to a request from the Aiken Standard under the Freedom of Information Act which allows access to many government docu ments not otherwise available Westinghouse which had vied with Martin Marietta Corp for the SRP nod submitted its bid well before the on slaught of congressional criticism last fall that led the DOE to idle all three of Savannah Rivers operable production reactors for management and equipment upgrades See WESTINGHOUSE Page 7A Energy Secretary Gets Fast Start On Problems By The Associated Press WASHINGTON Energy Secretary James D Watkins is moving quickly to tackle the problems of modernizing the nations problemplagued nuclear weap ons plants and cleaning up their hazard ous wastes Even before his formal swearingin Thursday a team of nuclear experts as sembled by Watkins had begun assessing conditions and prospects at key weapons plants to give him an independent view of the problems department officials said Members of the Watkins team visited the Savannah River Plant near Aiken SC last week and were at the Hanford Reservation in Washington state earlier this week the officials said The creation of the team and the start of their work were not announced by the department Watkins informed the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee late last month that he wanted a special re view of efforts at Savannah River to pre pare the restart of three reactors there that produce tritiu a perishable and scarce gas needed to make nuclear war heads The reactors have been shut down since last spring because of safety tech nical and management problems This review will provide me with an integrated overview of progress and planned activities at Savannah River and other key parts of the weapons com plex Watkins said in a written response to questions from members of th Senate panel A text of Watkins comments was made available by the panel this week The department has said that unless it gets at least one of the Savannah River reactors back in operation by the end of the year supplies of tritium would be dangerously low Will Callicott a department spokes man said he could confirm that mem bers of the new review team had visited Savannah River but he declined to See ENERGY Page 7A
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