Aiken Standard, January 6, 1989 : Front Page

Publication: Aiken Standard January 6, 1989

Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - January 6, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Orgel Considering Georgia Post Page 3B A Quick Read DOE Plans To Ask For $244 Million WASHINGTON (SNS) - The Department of Energy plans to ask Congress to spend $244 million in FY1990 on initial planning and construction for two new nuclear weapons materials production reactors, one to be built at the Savannah River Plant, according to a department source. The other nuclear production reactor is to be built at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory near Idaho Falls. The plants will produce tritium, a perishable radioactive isotope used in the production of nuclear weapons. Energy Department officials have estimated the total construction cost of the new plants will be $6.8 billion. The Savannah River plant is expected to cost $3.6 billion, a department spokesperson said. The new production reactor at the Savannah River facility will contain a complex of four small reactors in a “modular design,” said Chris San-key, a DOE spokeswoman. Inmate Charged With Lunchtime Robberies COLUMBIA — An inmate has been accused of sneaking away from a work-release program during his lunch hour and robbing banks. Lawrence Terry Jordan, 39, of the Campbell Work Release Center, has been charged with holdups on Nov. 28 and Dec. 9 of two First Citizens banks in Columbia, authorities said Thursday. Jordan, who is serving a 15-year sentence for a Charleston County robbery conviction, has been transferred to a locked cell at the Broad River Correctional Institution, said Francis X. Archibald, a Department of Corrections spokesman. Jordan was working as a laborer at the maintenance complex of the state Department of Mental Health maintenance complex off Calhoun Street, Archibald said. Inmates at the complex are not supervised during lunch. They are dropped at their work sites in the morning and picked up in the evening. Weather Warm Weekend Skies will be fair tonight with a low in the mid 40s. Mostly cloudy skies are forecast Saturday with a high in the upper 60s. Please see details on Page 6A. Deaths Mamie T. Beckum, Martinez Nancy C. Fox, Lexington Eva H. Rice, Saluda Barbara B. Shealy, Columbia Dee H. Singletary, North Augusta Lillie Mae Thompson, Aiken Please see details on Page 7A. Inside Today Bridge..............................................5C Calendar...........................................8C Classifieds........................................1C Comics.............................................2B Crossword........................................6C Cryptoquote......................................4C Dear Abby.........................................2B Local Front.......................................1B Obituaries.........................................7A Opinions...........................................4A Sports...............................................3B Television......................................    2B Weather............................................6A Page 2A S.C. Senate Tones Down Media Ban Page IB en County ^ ^hrnn Friday, January 6, 1989 25C Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 6 Lawmakers' Perks Fuel Salary Debate By MICK ROOD States News Service WASHINGTON — The argument erupting over whether members of Congress should be paid $135,000 a year might be best considered in light of the other benefits they receive. Congressman Average commands more than $500,000 to staff and equip his office, enjoys ample free telephone and mailing privileges, smells free flowers from the Botannical Gardens at the foot of Capitol Hill, looks forward to an ample pension, travels as widely as he pleases, pockets up to $2,000 for giving a luncheon News Analysis Related Story On Page 2_ talk to a lobbying group and spends his excess campaign funds on just about anything. Consumer advocate Ralph Nader says the package of benefits and privileges has created “imperial legislators” who “brandish self-righteous and mistaken comparisons” between public service and “their assumed peers in the private sector.” In response, Rep. Victor H. Fazio, D- Trends In U.S. Cigarette Smoking The proportion of smokers among people who had completed college dropped by more than a third while the drop in the smoking rate among people who had never graduated from high school was much less. 1974 I ) 1985 36.3% 3 7.7% 36.6% 34.2% 34.4% tm 1 .• v•’ .'/■‘A* • AV vV 1-i. ,- V 28 C% 28.5% MS*/ k--\ A A-. '■' ; 18.4% PQZ332=1 Less than high school High school graduate Some college College graduate Source Centers for Disease Control AP Graphic Millions Kick The Habit, But Almost As Many Start By The Associated Press CHICAGO — Better-educated Americans smoke far less since the surgeon general first warned of tobacco’s dangers 25 years ago, but by 2000, 30 percent of those who never went beyond high school will still be lighting up, researchers reported today. Poorer and less educated people are missing the message that smoking is linked to cancer and other numerous health problems, said researchers at the national Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta. “Smoking prevalence has declined across all educational groups, but the decline has occurred five times faster among the higher educated compared with the less educated,” they reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. One reason may be that much of the antismoking message has gone out in newspapers and medical journals, typically read by the better educated, said Dr. Michael C. Fiore, a leader of the CDC group. “Little has gone out via mass media, especially television,” he said in a telephone interview Thursday from Madison, Wis., where he is now an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Wisconsin Medical Center. (Please See MILLIONS, Page 6A) Jobless Rate Drops Back To 14-Year Low By JOHN KING AP Labor Writer WASHINGTON — The nation’s civilian unemployment rate dropped back to a 14-year low of 5.3 percent in December, with service-producing industries leading the way in the creation of 279,000 new jobs, the government reported today. The jobless rate dropped 0.1 percentage point from November, reaching 5.3 percent for the third time this year, the Labor Department said in its final unem-ployment report of the Reagan presidency. In its year-end report, the department reported that 3,798,000 jobs were created in 1988, the most since 1984, when employers reporting adding 3/5 million people to their payrolls. Janet Norwood, commissioner of labor statistics, said 3 million of the new jobs last year were on the service side of the economy, including 700,000 in retail trade. “The goods-producing sector also reflected considerable strength during (Please See JOBLESS, Page 6A) Calif, circulated a memo challenging Nader’s assertion that members of Congress earn over five times more than the average American worker, the memo says: “What is the point of comparing the salary of members of Congress with that of the average American worker? Members of Congress don’t have an average American job.” The stage will be set Monday, when President Reagan makes his salary recommendation for 2,600 top federal officials including congressmen in the fiscal 1990 budget. The Commission on Executive, legislative and Judicial Salaries has proposed $135,000, a 51 percent increase over the current $89,500. According to a spokeswoman, President Reagan will lend his support to a 50 percent pay raise for members of Congress and other federal officials. The president also will urge Congress to abolish outside income such as speaking fees, as the Commission on Executive, legislative and Judicial Salaries recommended last month, Reagan spokeswoman Ieslye Arsht said in a statement released Thursday evening. (Please See LAWMAKERS’, Page 6A) Dogfight Film Supports Claim Libyan MiGs Armed; U.S. Pilots Provoked By NORMAN BLACK The Associated Press WASHINGTON - The Pentagon has released photographs and a dramatic audio tape of the U.S.-Libyan dogfight over the Mediterranean that it says prove its pilots were provoked and acted reasonably in downing the Libyan planes. The photographs although of poor quality, show at least one of the two Libyan MiG-23 fighters carried missiles. The I Jbyan government has claimed both its planes were unarmed. The cockpit audio tape clearly records the pilot of the lead U.S. Navy F-14 Tomcat citing each of five attempts to maneuver away from the approaching Libyan jets, then, along with a second F-14, shooting down the MiG-23s. libya has asserted that the incident Wednesday was connected to growing American complaints that a Libyan chemicals plant is being readied for fullscale production of poison gas. President Reagan has said he would not rule out a military strike against the plant, which Libya claims is merely a medicine factory. The Pentagon said there was no link between the factory dispute and the air battle, which it said began while the Navy Tomcats were flying a routine protective patrol for the aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy well off the Libyan coast. In Paris on Thursday, Secretary of State George P. Shultz hinted that Reagan may be willing to work out a deal with Libya that would not require destruction of the plant. Before arriving in Paris for an international conference on chemical weapons where the U.S.-Libyan dispute will take center stage, Shultz acknowledged even some of America’s allies are not convinced the plant is a weapons facility. In his first public comments on DAN HOWARD: Pentagon spokesman briefs reporters on dogfight video. Wednesday’s air battle with Libya, Reagan on Thursday said the American pilots had done the right thing in firing their missiles. “Our pilots acted completely in self-defense,” Reagan said as he boarded Air Force One in Los Angeles, where he ended two weeks of vacation. The audio tape released Thursday by the Pentagon indicated that early in the confrontation the American aviators became concerned about the Libyan’s intent. The release of the photo and audio tapes came as State Department sources disclosed the United States had sent a “straightforward message” to Libya “through diplomatic channels to let them know our point of view” on dogfight. No response from the Libyans has been received, the official added. Auto Insurance Rate Freeze Proposed By Commission By The Associated Press COLUMBIA — Some state lawmakers fear they’ll be sued if they try to put a six-month freeze on automobile insurance rates, but they’re willing to try it anyway. The state Insurance Commission recommended Thursday that the General Assembly place the freeze on increases for private, passenger-car policyholders. Insurance Commissioner John G. Richards said the moratorium would allow the General Assembly and the Insurance Commission to consider auto insurance reform legislation. Prohibiting rate increases until after July I also would give lawmakers and insurance officials time to examine the effects of an auto insurance bill that took effect July I, 1988 and of the Safer Highways Act of 1988, which stiffened the penalties for driving violations, Richards said. The seven-member commission’s recommendation calls for the General As sembly to adopt a joint resolution, which would have the full force and effect of the law. A member of the Senate Banking and Insurance Committee said insurance companies might challenge a moratorium in court. “I think we’d probably be sued” for passing the resolution, said Sen. Edward A. Saleeby, D-Darlington. “There are always questions anytime we mandate something, whenever we are administering something. I think we should attempt to do it and if it goes to court, see what happens.” Richards and the commission said in a statement that they are “concerned that the implementation of higher automobile insurance rates during the legislative session will ‘offset’ any premium reductions which might be realized or mandated by the action of the General Assembly, to the detriment of the consuming public.” ;

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Publication: Aiken Standard

Location: Aiken, South Carolina

Issue Date: January 6, 1989

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