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Aiken Standard and Review (Newspaper) - July 16, 1963, Aiken, South Carolina County Public library PA1LY MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL WIRE DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF AIKEN AND AIKEN COUNTY THE JOURNAL AND REVIEW Accusations The AIKEN STANDARD ESTABLISHED UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL WIRE MNQ FEATURE COMICS AND UNTrn Alken South Carolina Tuesday July 16 1963 SinoSoviet Meet Marked By Charges IVIOSCOW UPI The official government newspaper Izyestia took note of the dying SinoSoviet peace talks Monday with new accusations of Chinese Communist war mongering and racism at the same moment Russia was holding friendly talks with the United States and Britain What do the Chinese want Is Jury Indicts Four Russians On Spy Charges NEW YORK federal grand jury Mon3ay indicted four accused Russian spies on charges of conspiring to send the Soviet Union inforfation about US atomic weapon shipments rocket launching sites and other military information The two men and two women could be sentenced to death if convicted the charge The grand jury also revealed for the first time that the four accused spies arrested by the FBI in synchronized raids in New York and WashingtonlastJuly 2 tried to cultivate and activate military personnel and employes of defense installations as mem bers of their spy ring Named in the indictment were Ivan Dmitrievich Egorov 41 a personnel officer for the United Nations secretariat in New York his wife Aleksandra Ivanovna Egorova 39 and a Washington couple using the names of Rob ert K Baltch and Joy Ann Gar ber Baltch US Attorney Joseph P Hoey said the spies would be arraigned Tuesday morning in Brooklyn Federal Court Hoey said that the two couples received instructions from the Kremlin by short wave radio He Said the radio was found in the Washington apartment occupied by the Baltchs Egorov and his wife were ar rested in New York City and the couple using the name of Baltch were arrested in their Washing ton DC apartment The Washington couple had adopted the names of two unsus pecting American citizens one a Roman Catholic priest In Am sterdam NY and the other a Norwalk Conn housewife The Baltchs later claimed to be jnarried When they were first arrested both couples were charged with to transmit informa tion to Russia about rocket launching sites in this country But there was no mention of atomic weapons shipments or cul tivating military personnel as agents until Monday The Baltchs were held In the District of Columbia jail pending a hearing Tuesday at 10 am EDT on their removal to New York to face the spy charges Fact Finding Board Meets In Rail Strike WASHINGTON UPI Rail Coad management and union rep resentatives met Monday with a special presidential factfinding committee to present their con cept of the Issues at stake in the current work rules dispute A Labor Department spokes man said that a similar meeting scheduled for Tuesday the two sifles would outline their positions ofl the Issues The committee will then hold a closed session Wednesday and Its factfinding report to Presi dent Kennedy hopefuHy will be submitted on Friday the spokes man said This would be three days before the original target elate for the reportr The panel was named by the President to maka recommenda tions for solution of the long deadlock over new work rules Kennedy intends to use the com mittees report as a basis for proposals to Congress next Mon to resolve the dispute Tha railroads have agreed to until July 29 Imposition of the new work rules which would eventually eliminate the jobs of about 37000 firemen on diesel locomotives The unions have rejected all proposals for arbitration of the dispute claim ing most of the firemen are need fd as a safety measure and have threatened a nationwide rail strike the moment the lules applied it war Izvestia asked on its front page The blast by the official gov ernment organ at the Chinese fol lowedup bitter weekend attacks on Pewing by the Kremlin which were answered in kind by the Chinese Communists Monday Peking Radio insisted that Stalin ism was the only true course to follow U S and British representa tives met With Premier Nikita S Khrushchev in an atmosphere of joviality and optimism shortly aft er Soviet and Chinese negotiates went through the motions of hold ig talks to heal their ideological breach Another Session Expected At least one more negotiating session is expected before the Pe king delegates pack their bags and return home Emphasizing the SinoSoviet split Izvestia said Russian grass roots opinion was lining up solid ly behind a 25000word Kremjin blast against the Chinese during the weekend Echoing the Soviet Communist party statement Izvestia said in an editorial the Chinese Com munists talk of the possibility of sacrificing in war hundreds of millions so that on the ruins of perished capitalism they will build a beautiful future How can the future be called beautiful if entire countries and nations will be pulverized the front page letter asked An avalanche of resolutions from all 15 Soviet republics ex pressed unanimous approval1 of the Soviet Unions open letter to the Chinese and stressed the de termination of the government to continue basic foreign policy whose cornerstone is peaceful co existence and the prevention of nuclear war Divide The Chinese were further blunt ly accused of advocating the un Marxist theory of dividing the world into races and setting the colored races against the whites The Izvesda editorial said the overwhelming majoritiy of Commu nists will certainly rejet the line of setting the colored against the white race and the division of nations on the basis of racial national and continental indica tors Izvestia sharply attacked the Chinese policy of op posing the AfroAsian movement of solidarity against other progres sive antiimperialist movements of our day It said the Chinese In effect are telling AfroAsians that the West remains the West and the whites remain white and that a colored capitalist is closer to an African or Asian worker than a European workers West European newspapers saw the split between Russia and China as all but complete Major Communist parties in Italy and France were joining the other European satellites in backing Mos cow in the dispute THE SOUTH CAROLINA GAZETTE ESTABLISHED COPY fft i VOL 97 Nuclear Ban Talks Opened In Moscow Red China France May Ignore Parley Kremen continue destroyed St Alphonsus andthe adjoining wet down ruins after a general alarm fire rectory in Beverly Mass NBA Telephpto AntiGoldwater Cambridge Strife Worsens Rockefeller Rocks GOP In Bid For Leadership WASHINGTON UPI New York Gov Nelson A Rockefeller rocked the Republican party again Monday with his outspoken bid for leadership of the antiGoldwater wing of the GOP He did so with his statement in Albany Sunday hitting out at the radical right lunatic branch and saying theRepublican party Is in real danger of subversion by this group Flails Bills Gov Wallace Blames Riots On President Rivers Flays Integration Legislation WASHINGTON UPI Rep Men del Rivers DS C said Monday the proposed ban on discrimination in publics would result Sn utter confusion If not outright choas Rivers In a prepared statement said the legislation would amount to a virtual dictatorship over priv ate business engaged in interstate commerce and over their custom ers Never before not even in the wildest interpretation of the law has anyone maintained that the In terstate commerce clause can legal ly be extended to control over priv ate business the Charleston con gressman said I can see only endless Interfer ence by the federal government on the merest pretext that the Inter state law is Involved If this bill is passed WASHINGTON UPI Ala bama Gov George C Wallace said Monday President Kennedy should be retired from public life for trying to inflict his civil rights program on the Unitec States Waljace the second Dixie gov ernor to lay the blame for racial violence at Kennedys door called for a national referendum on the civil rights proposals If a referendum were held he said the program would be over whelmingly defeated Appearing before the Senate Commerce Committee the intense fasttalking Wallace flailed the civil rights bills with the game type charges leveled last week before the committee by Missis sippi Gov Ross R Barnett The Commerce Gommtttea Is considering the public accommoda tions section bi Kennedys civil rights program that Communists were deeply in volved in Negro demands for an end to segregation He accused Negro leader Dr Martin Luther King Jr of having proCommunist friends and asso ciates Wallace urged the com mittee to Investigate the matter since it had now been raised by at least two self and Barnett Twists Red At this point Sen B L Bart lett DAlaska applied a twiit to the Communist charge What would you gay tt 1 could prove that southern governor was a student leader at a Com munist school Bartlett asked Wallace He said he referred to publlo years ago Aifkansas Gov Orville Paubus once was a student lead er at a school now on tha attor ney list of Communist organizations Faubus la not Bartlett agreed but explained that he brought the matter up to see it the logic of Wallaces charge against King worked in the otherdirection If Kings al leged associations with Commu nists meant the Negro integration drive Communistdirected he asked did Faubus alleged con nection with a Communist school mean Communist supported seg regation too Mental Test Sought For Reckwith JACKSONMiss Atty Waller announced Monday ha would seek a mental exami nation for Byron de la Beckwith charged with tha ambush murder of Negro integration leader Med gar Evera Waller said lie would ask the Hinds County Circuit Court to or der Beckwith examined because the defense did not do so and It is something that iliould be done Motions that accused criminals be given mental examinations are generally entered by defense at torneys Judge Laoj Hendrlok scheduled a hearing Thursday on Wallers request Beckwith 42 an marina from Greenwood MIsi was charged with the June 12 sniper slaying of Evers who was state leld secretary for the National Association for tha Advancement of Colored People The governors actioin appeared to be another move to put him back in competition for the pres idential nomination after the eclipse he suffered after Ills re marriage two months ago Although the radical right was the specific target of his statement his remarks obviously were directed largely at Republi cans who want to nominate Sen Barry Goldwater of Arizona lor president Goldwater had com ment on the statement Monday but his supporters interpreted Rockefeller1 action as a chal lenge Backs Strong Rights In previous moves last week hs Invited the National Gover nors Conference to adopt a strong civil rights program and to disap prove a set of proposed states rights amendments to the federal Constitution Ha is prepared to use the gov ernors conference at Miami Beach next week for a further airing of his views In his statement Sunday he warned the GOP against becom ing a party of extremism a party of sectionalism a party of racism a party that disclaims re sponsibility or most of the popu lation before it even starts campaign for its support This was an answer to the ar gument of Goldwater backers that the GOP cannot compete with the Democrats for the vote of Ne groes and other minority grouos in the populous northern National Candidate Goldwater partisans deny how ever that their man is a sec tional candidate They arguo that he would be the only truly nation al candidate because he has great er appeal than other Republicans through the South While are writing off any states or votes Goldwater supporters clear its f also denying that they IltiMfr ft iJT VJAtO1 ly are basing their strategy on the senators strengths In the South the Midwest and Rooky Mountain states Theli natlonal draftGoldwater committee has distributed a map suggesting how the Arizona sena tor could succeed President Ken nedy without the electoral votes of such heavily populated areas as New York Pennsylvania Cal fornia Michigan New Jersey and the southern half oi New CAMBRIDGE Md UPI Cambridge Negro leaders staged an antisegregation demonstration Monday in their first defiance of newly arrived National Guard troops and the citys limited mar tial law Guardsmen arrested 14 Those taken into custody includ ed Mrs Gloria Richardson head of the Cambridge Committee for NonViolent Action and Stanley Branche a field director for the NAACP National Guard Col Maurice Tawes said the demonstrators would be held pending some ones decision not mine He said they could be kept indefinite ly under the limited martial law edict The protest In front of a drug store in this race torn eastern shore city came after Negro In tegration leaders announced they would demonstrate in some way without defying the guardsmen who were brought in Friday in the wake of Increased violence Asks Restraint Col Tawes then asked the Ne gro leaders to keep the peace alittle longer But Branche re plied that we can only demon strate in thelight of a meet ing between state civil rights lead ers and Gov J Millard Tawes in Annapolis and what Branche said was the fact that no one deems It necessary to resolve this situation The demonstration followed shortly after Mrs Richardson and four other state integrationist leaders met with Gov Tawes In a general discussion of the states civil rights problems The group told the governor that other dem onstrations would be forthcoming includi g in his home town of Crisfield Branche had expected to at tend the meeting too but state officials refused to let him In on grounds he is not a Maryland leader as such since his area of responsibility Includes several states Branche said the group had not accomplished a darned thing Theyve just mouthed the same things theyve said before A counterpoint to the renewed demonstrations in Cambridge was played Monday In the neighbor ing town of Chestertown Md where city officials quietly de segregated public aecomodatlons on a voluntary basis Groups of local integrationists entered a number of restaurants and lunch counters and met no difficulties getting served There wave no in cidents Other Racial Highlights In other racial developments across the country i York City police arrest ed 42 Integrationists whan they tried to stop construction at a Brooklyn medical center In pro test against alleged discrimina tion In the hiring of construction workers Omaha Neb Negro leaders announced plans for further dem onstrations following the closing of a recreation area which Ne groes tried to Integrate LONDON UPI Communist China and France are expected to ignore any possible nuclear test ban treaty reached by Russia the United States and Britain diplo matic sources said Monday The sources said Russia appar ently cannot prevent Red China from moving ahead in the nu clear field and that the Western Allies cannot halt French Fresi lent Charles de Gaulles program for an independent nuclear strik ing force This prospect has been taken into account at least by the west ern powers in their renewed ef forts to reach a test ban agree ment with the Soviets the sources said Advocates of a test ban believe that an accord among the big nuclear po w e r s could bring enough public pressure to bear on other nations which now seek their own nuclear deterrent Reaction from neutral and non aligned nations has reflected strong anxienty over an increase in the nuclear family They have objected repeatedly to test ing of any kind by any nation A test ban between Russia the US and Britain would be open to other nations and many are expected to join However neither Red China nor France was held likely to under write a threepower pact limiting nuclear weapons development partially or wholly Red China in effect served no tice last year during the Geneva disarmament negotiations that it vwill not be bound by any agree ment concluded without its par ticipation or backing Franca also has left no doubt about its determination to develop Its own deterrent and there is no indication whether further testing Will required in the process MacMflJaiT Asked To Spell Out Future LONDON The Conser vative party rankandfile urged Harold MacMillan Monday night to spell out his whether he will stay on as Prime Minister or step down In the face of mounting opposition over Brit ains sexandsecurity scandals MacMillan however was ex pected to hold off the decision pending outcome of the Moscow talks on a nuclear test ban If America Russia and Britain reach agreement he may want to sfay on for a possible summit conference The issue of MacMlllans pos sible resignation was understood to have been the main topic at a meeting between the 69yearold Prime Minister and the 17man executive board of tha 1922 Com mittee of Conservative Back Benchers Powerful Committee Tha powerful Is composed of members of Parlia ment not in the Cabinet and was founded In 1922 Political sources said that de spite MacMillans comeback from chevs oakpaneled Kremlin con ference room on note of ability which dramatically pointed up what appeared to be a warm ing of Soviet American relations Before the meeting went inti closed session and while spondents were still present Khrushchev asked Hailsham and Harriman What should we begin should we start by signing agreement Lord Hailsham shoved a piece of paper and a pencil across the table with a smile and said Sign now The dourlooking Foreign Min ister Andrei Gromyko broke into a grin and said We shll sign now and fill in the terms The Soviets entered tha jooni first with Khrushchev accompan ied by Gromyko Deputy Foreign Minister Valerian Zorin and Semyon K Tsarapkin chief Sovi et negotiator at tha deadlocked 71nation disarmament talks in Geneva Greets Negotiators Hailsham Harriman British Ambassador Sir Humphrey Trev elyn and US Ambassador Foy D Kohler and their aides entered together After shaking hands with Hail sham Khrushchev shook Hani mans hand and warmly ex the repercussions mo scandal a of the Profu majority Peking Group ProMoscow ItaVianJ Reds Plan Crackdown Stocks AM T ft i 130 OFF 1 DU PONT 243 OFFl GRANITEVILLia OFF OFF OWENS CORNING M OFF South OtuGM Elec M OFF ROME UPI The proMos cow Italian Communist party plans to crack down on a small but annoying proPeking group which has been distributing Cht nese Communist literature and painting slogans on walls Inform ed sources said Monday The sources said the party lead ership was not taking the semi clandestine group too seriously but that the matter almost cer tainly will be taken up In a direc torate meeting Thursday special ly to collect evidence the Chinese are trying to split the brother parties Expelled From Party That would be in line with Sun days belligerent article in tho So viet Communist party newspaper Pravda which accused Peking of setting up Fraotlonist groups In Italy and elsewhere Pravda specifloally mentioned a small group in Padua Italy which was expelled last Aug 28 for grossly counterfeiting the partyi attitude That grcup tnoluded municipal aouncllord Vfaionno tnd Alberto Bucco and provincial coun cilor Wilson who were last Aug 28 foj In a pamphlet Lwe Thiee more mem bers Sept 14 on the same charges This month the Roma party branch Franco ousted Molfes two members and Giorgio Meucol on charges of fractlon ist activities for setting up a branch of an ItalyChina asso ciation Distribute Translations Usually wollinformed sources said tho association already had 20 branches with 80000 members and was distributing Kalian trans lations ct Chinese party litera ture A fractlonfat group al so Is being set up under the name of Workers according if to tha antiCommunist Contlnentale News Agency This group Is said to be contacting both party mem bers and persons expelled from the party In the past for Frac tlonlsm sectarianism and dogmatism Sunday Long live Mao slo gans were scrawled on walls In Industrial suburbs of Milan Although the proChinese frac tionlsts 00 not worry Italian Com munists too much the SinoSoviet split does There were reports the directorate meeting Thursday would decide to send deputy Gior gio Amendola to Moscow on a factfinding mission tion Profu of the Back Benchers wanted him to quit oarly enough to give the par ty a new look leadership for the elections The latest development In Brit ains security scandals came Monday when Dr Giuseppe Mar elli Italian physicist assigned to a British atomic research sta was acquitted of all nine of planning t0 spy for Scotland Yard had ahargeH him with possessing spy equipment and nana over In another development a court ruling hinted of further sensations In the John Profumo case stem ming from a 10hour tape record ing made by party girl Christine akite bigh Profumo resigned as War Min ister after admitting he lied to Pfrtlarnent about his relations with Christine who simultaneous ly had been Involved with a Rus sian assistant naval claimed You are absolutely blooming what are you doingT Are you counting tha years backwards Khrushchev broke into a broad grin and said I began doing that a long time ago As Khrushchev stood in the mid dle of tha room surrounded by Americans and British Harriman touched his arm and said Now you are in wonderful surround ings Yes Khrushchev said I am surrounded by the Imperialists ha sald to Harriman you did right when you kicked the British out of America He to Hailsham and added They acted with wisdom they kicked you out Hailshams muttered comment was inaudible But they saida partial test ban excluding the hardtodetect under ground testswas a distinct possl hty such a ban is reached they hoped this might lead to a general thaw In EastWest rela tions President Sets News Conference WASHINGTON UPI dent Kennedy will hold a news conference at 4 p m EOT Wed nesday the White House announced Monday It will be Kennedys first such meeting here with since prior to his recent European low i t e f o A jov ial wisecracking Premier ita S Khrushchev opened crucial nuclear test ban talks with the United States and Britain Monday with a ban tering suggestion they begin by signing the agreement now f and talking afterwards A communique issued by tha three delegates afterward mid only that an exchange of views took place on questions related to discontinuance of nuclear tnstg and on other questions of mil I mil interest There was no elabora tion The talks which may prove to be a turning point in EastWest relations opened in an atmo sphere of rare optimism that con trasted sharply with the feeling of gloom at the suburban villai where SinoSoviet peace talks foundered in a sea of mutual recrimination Khrhshchev met Monday toy three and a half hours with U Sj presidential envoy W Averell Har riman and Lord Hallsham Brw tains science minister to discuss a nuclear test ban agreement Discussions To Continue The communique Issued by tha US Embassy here said the dis cussions would be continued to morrow with Andrei Gromyko minister of foreign affairs of ie USSR but did not say wheth er Khrushshcv would return to the meetings Khrushchev is considered the only one powerful enough to reach a majoraccord with the West and make it stick with Kremlin leaders Harriman a veteran of Stalin era who has attended many SovietAmerican diplomatic meet ings and Lord Hailsham drove to the US Embassy after the meet ing presumably to compare notes They had nothing to other than what was contained in the com munique Cordial Note The meeting began in 1
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