Aiken Journal, March 21, 1874

Aiken Journal

March 21, 1874

View full pageStart a free trial

Issue date: Saturday, March 21, 1874

Pages available: 8

Previous edition: Saturday, March 14, 1874

Next edition: Saturday, March 28, 1874 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions

About Aiken Journal

Publication name: Aiken Journal

Location: Aiken, South Carolina

Pages available: 2,250

Years available: 1874 - 2002

Learn more about this publication


  • 2.13+ billion articles and growing everyday!
  • More than 400 years of papers. From 1607 to today!
  • Articles covering 50 U.S.States + 22 other countries
  • Powerful, time saving search features!
Find your ancestors now
Start your Genealogy Search now
See with your own eyes the newspapers your great-great grandparents held.

View sample pages : Aiken Journal, March 21, 1874

Get access to these newspapers Plus 2.13+ billion other articles

OCR Text

Aiken Journal (Newspaper) - March 21, 1874, Aiken, South Carolina AIKENJOURNAL VOLUME 4 —NUMBER 1H2.AIKEN, 8. C., MARCH 21, 1874. 52 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. tiTARVIKG TO DEATH. Tliifok you the beggar, who pleads at your door. Asking for bread, from your bountiful store, Telling his woes, in sad words that seem endless, * Craving your pity for being so friendless. Think you, from only the wretch who stands there, The cry of the starving comes up to your ear ? Starving to death ! in a land full of gold ; Starving to death for the gem they have sold ; Many a soul mounts the funeral pyre, Madly the flames leap up higher and high-er: livery dead hope that is flung on the pile Causes the victim in madness to smile. Starving ! the rich man who has for his gold 411 the bright hopes of Eternity seld : Starving hie soul for the glittering pelf, Crushing all others, enriching himself, Cheating his soul of the beautiful future, Having no time for such delicate nurture. Starving ! the children of wealth and degree, Starving for love : how their little'hearts plea .* t Father so busy at office or bank, Seldom (heir mother for care can they thank * She is so pretty, aud witty, and gay, it is no wonder she’s often away. JL. She is the centre of fashion’s bright throng, Spending the darkness iii laughter and song, Her day must bring quiet and rest from . r fatigue. Why will not some good spirit, forming a league, Go tell her these children are starving today,* With papa so busy and mamma away. Starling! how many a gentle-voiccd woman, With heart that is true and hopes that are human, Starves for the love that is both true and tender, Craving a love that till death would defend her, Asking for bread and receiving a stone, Dying ; ‘-The cause to the jury unknown.” Starving! no matter in mansion or cot. High be their station, or lowly their lot, Could we the homes of the nation uncover, Legions of starving ones there we’d discover, Starving in satins, in diamonds, and laces, Starving in rags, with sad, dirt begrimmed laces. The First Torpedo. “In the expel iments with the Torpedo lately in the Florida channel,” says an Eastern paper, “The country has been furnished with a more euinplete exhibition of the destructive capacities of this Submarine projectile, as is now known to military and naval science. Admiral Porter, in his recent report, called particular attention to the Torpedo as a defensive and offensive weapon, and urged upon the navy a thorough study of its powers as a destructive agent in warfare. We therefore congratulate the service upon the success of the Torpedo exercises, believing that they will coni' mand the attention of all the navies in the world. Enthusiasts claim that naval warfare has been substantially revolutionized by its invention ; and the exers eises of the squadron during the closing days of February, prove that Hhis newfangled concern ” is not to be despised, as the navy often learned to its sorrow during the protracted blockade of the Southern ct ast at the tin e of the recent war The Wabash, Congress, Ticonderoga, Canandaigua, Ossipee, Colorado, Brooklyn, Wachusctfe, Kansas, Lancaster, Alaska, Franklin, Fortune and Shenandoah' participated in the practice. This recalls to mind the following narration wed known to some of the readers of the Aiken Journal: During the war with the Seminole Indians in Florida, April 1840, tho 7th U. S. Ins fantry was stationed at posts in the interior of the peninsula, and the country Lad been divided into squares of twenty [ miles each, and the head-quarters located at Fort King, the former agency, which was commanded by Col. Whistler, audCapt. G. J. Rains commanded at Fort Micanopy just twenty-five miles distant. Though there was, aud had been since the beginning of hostilities, an Indian town within sound of drum at Fort King; yet it was so surrounded by swamp that it had not been discovered, aud some twenty miles journey was le-quired to reach it, and the Indians so located their depredations in Micanopy square, that Col. Whistler made representation that there the enemy was to be found and not at Fort King, and Gen. Taylor changed the headquarters Accordingly. The Colonel’s commandr consisting of several companies of inian try and dragoons, was transfeired to Fort Micanopy, and Capt. R. and his command, one company with diminished numbers, to Fort King. Here the Captain soon discovered be was in a hornet’s nest and so reported, but was unheeded. The Indians perceived at once the disparity in numbers from their spies and that their opponents were few at that post, and they became bold accordingly. Captain R.’s men were so waylaid and killed that it became dangerous to walk even around the post, and finally two of his best mea were waylaid and murdered in full view thereof. Desperate diseases often re quire desperate remedies, and as the preservation of the lives of his command required it, the following was resorted to by the Captain. The clothing of the last victims was made to cover a Torpedo invented by him, and it was located at a small hammock and pond of water in a mile or two of the post where the Indian warranties had to get water. Some day or two elapsed, when early one night, the load booming sound of the Torpedo was heard, betraying the approach of a hostile party. Quickly commander It. and some dragoons who happened to be at the post. rode to the spot; yet all was still and but an opossum found, which the Indians with tact near where the Torpedo had been, left to deceive. A jell indeed was heard, but the dragoons supposed it to be from the infantry which were arriving, and the latter thought it to come from the former. On returning to the poat#tbe facts of the yell appearing and the animal found, discovered to have been killed by a rifle bullet, early next morning Cant. II. with sixteen men, all which could be spared from garrison duty, for trees and give them a fair fight." No sooner commanded than executed.— The sergeant came to his officer with flood running from his mouth and nose and said, “ Captain, I am killed.” Too ;rue; it was bis last- remark. He was a >rave man, but his Captain could do nothing then but tell bim to get behind a tree near by. As the hammock was occupied by the foe and the military behind the trees at the end furthest from the post, the order was given to charge and the men rushed into the thicket driving the ene-my right and left flying before the bayonet and getting behind trees outside the hammock, the troops passing through their centre. From the nature of the place on arriving at the other end of the thicket, the soldiers were much scattered and the firing still going on, no little exertion was required for the Captain to rally his men, and while thus engaged he was badly wounded, shot through the body, but continued his efforts until successful and the enemy driven from the ground. The Captain was carried to the Fort in the arms of his men, having nine killed, wounded and missing, and the Indians were seen bearing away a number of dead men. -i» - the dragoons had left, repaired to the hammock some four or five acres in extent, and spreading out his men as skirmishers swept th l ough it. The copse was surrounded by pines and was lull of bushes and beds of needle palmettoes impenetrable except next ta the roots where lay concealed some hundreds anc. more infuriated savages all ready for action. They were passed undiscovered until the soldiers bud reached the pond a small one of five or six yards across and were examining the spot of the Tor pedo which gave evidences of its de struct ive effects. A little dog which had accompanied the command here became fuiious, barking iii the thicket of bushes and needle palmettoes, What is that dog barking at, said Capt. II.?” Nothing, sir, said one of the soldiers, but a rabbit, — Quickly he changed his place and again became furious, barking on the opposite side of the pond. Sergeant Smith, said Capt. IL to his 1st sergeant near by. what that dug is barking at •>*> The poor follow turned and advanced some lour ca’ five paces with the soldiers near him and shouting Indians, he and his men fired their guns simultaneously with the enemy lying* in covert. The whole hammock in a moment was alive with Indians, yelling and firing rapidly. The little party of soldiers Vas surrounded, and the Captain shout That they have considered the subject, and concluded that the most effectual mode of action is that suggested in the resolutions referred—that is to collect the proofs and conduct the pwsecus tions that will puton record the evidence of tho frauds and spoliations which have made this Convention a necessity. It may be that under our present system ie will be difficult to secure convictions, but at least the evidence will be put on record, and may be used to convince the Congress and the American people of (he wrongs and outrages to Which we arc subjected. Hence the necessity of an earnest effort to make a case that will prove to the country how great are our wrongs, how perfect has been our endurance, how jfust is out appeal, anc. how necessary it is that Congress shul interfere to preserve the character anc vindicate the civilization of the State and the Union. To do this, each man-in the community must lend his aid.— Public meetings and Conventions can do little more than direct public opinion and suggest modes of redress. If the wO necessity which calls the Convention into being is not of sufficient importance to arouse the people to a constant effort to carry oui their recommendations either the evils are not so great as they are represented, or the people are nut worthy of the efforts made in their behalf. Your Committee ave fully convinced of the deep feeling which now stiis the public heart, and believe that it only requires judicious effort to keep alive and put in active operation all tke^ener-gics of the taxpayers and honest citizens of both races, and all parties, to relieve the State from the burdens and humiliations which threaten to destroy, not only lier prosperity, but her very existence. This is not a question of party aud race. but of State preservation, appealing to the pride aud patriotism of every citizen> and in which all good men can work together. Nothing, however, can be effected without organization, and the modo suggested in the resolutions appears to bo the most simple and effective. 'i'he su,rirestioii as to the formation of OO Tax Unions appears to your Committee to be the most efficient plan and is heartily recommended to the favorable consideration or all honest and virtuous citizens. We earnestly hope that all the citizens of the State, white and colored, without reference to party, who are Unions, and actively use their influence to restore an honest administration cl the Government, and relieve the people 4 rom the crushing burden of taxation under which they now groan. To do izen must contribute to the. necessary I often covered with sleet and snow, and expense of effecting this much needed it matures seeds as well there as here* reformation. It will take but a small But when young, and not large enough, percentage of the taxes annually collect- to shade its own roots, it is very necos-ed and used by the corrupt Government sary that a protection be given them, that oppresses us to perpetuate their They should also be planted in holes power, to carry out the purposes under which have been filled with rich soil and consideration. If the taxpayers are a mixture of well rotted manure and really in earnest, they must not only be decayed leaves, and during a dry spell firm and active, but prompt and liberal, watered. After Ihetv roots are well in furnishing the supplies. Prosecutions established in the ground, they require in the courts cannot be conducted with- no more attention than any of our fruit out money, and unless the meaus be sup- trees or garden shrubs, plied, the object of the organizations This is a crop which the negroes will be a failure.    never steal, and when a grove is once Your Committee cannot undertake, at started it lasts a lifetime. this time, to draft constitutions and I shall take pleasure in answering rules for the efficient working of the Tax any questions which you wish to ask: Unionsj and have, therefore, committed I concerning the culture or preparation that duty to a sub committee, who will of tea.    Respectfully, distribute the same when completed. I    Mas* R. J., fe grey en. The committee recommend the adoption of the following resolution*;    |    STATE    NEWSr Resolved, That the Executive Corm mittee be empowered to prepare a system J  John Walfe®e, a    repre- of organization ol Tax Unious through- senta^*lve from Union county, was on his-out the State, with authority to take all way tQ hb boarding.hoi*ej Atveen ten necessary steps for carrying the same and^eleven o’clock Friday night, and as into effect.    I he reached the corner of Senate street,. Resolved, That the De egation from £rom t^e Q.ates strcet side, a part/ of uhe several counties represented in this tbr<je meil attacked him, one of whom convention be constituted committees made a desperate lunge at Wallace’s or their respective counties, and charged bearfc Wltb some sharp instrument, sup> With the duty of organizing lax Unions p0Sed to be razor, which cut through therein, in accordance with the plan to couar 0f his vest, and penetrated be promulgated by the Executive Comp- deeper as it came down, and no doubt mittee of this Convention y that the said wou]d, have resulted in death,but for tho delegations have authority to fill any blickie of his suspender, which stayed vacancies that may occur, and to elect the progress uf the bladc. Tho second chairmen thereof, whose names shall be reported to the Executive Committee. Resolved, That the Executive Committee. be authorized to continue its sessions after the adjournment of the Convention, until it shall have completed the irgnnizatiou and purposes contemplated in the foregoing resolutions.-Report of the Committee on the Organization of Taxpayers* Unions. party knocked him down, and the third throttled him, when he was relieved of $390 in cash and a watch. The robbers have not yet been captured. Wallace is positive that they were negroes. The county Treasurer, under in-? structions from the Attorney General of the State, paid to the widow of Isaac Coles, last week, whose husband it is alleged wan murdered by the Ku-Klux i» Tea Culture.    I    1871, the half mill tax levied under As several of our citizens have pro** Act of the Legislature for the support cured plants and seeds of the Chinese of widows and orphans, over six hun-Tea, the following letter will be found | dred dollars.—Lancaster Ledger ofiuteiest.    i      At    the Sessions Court in Sum ter, week before last, Snuiuel Vincent and A-iron Furman,, the two negroes who so inhumanly murdered Mr. Widdekind, a few weeks back, were found guilty of murder; and Judge Mackey has sentenced thrill to be hanged on Friday a£ ter next. The juries consisted of colored men- '-g ? « men clear tho hammock, take the this requires earnest work, and each cit- Sir:—I received the paper you sent me, containing my letter to the Rural New Yorker, together with a notice of your own, on the cultivation of tea in Georgia. I am sorry that I cannot give you any estimate of the gathering and cubing of the crop, as the picking and drying have been done chiefly by the members of my own family. The quail City which a person picks depends en> tirelv upon the natural habits of each, whether they are fast or slow. While gathering last Spring, I had two negro women assisting—they picked very rapidly. They were both good cotton pickers in former days. Collecting the leaves is not such slow work as one might imagine, for the young shoots are generally from five to six inches long, and by taking hold of the limb with the left hand and grasping the shoot with the right, aud running it down the stem, the young leaves are easily torn oft. The drying process is quite rapid.— One oven will keep two or three persons rolling,.and pressing out the juice (which lathers on tile hands like soap suds ) is the hardest part of the curing. Each leaf is uot rolled singly, as some persons suppose, but as many leaves are takeu into the hands as they can well hold, and rolled and pressed between the palms. Those balls are opened when p’aecd iu the oven, aud the Constant stirring with the hand makes each leat form its own roll. There are some persons who »do not succeed in raising the tea plant, for the simple reason that they do not prepare the holes'in the proper manner, aud then they do not shade the young plant from the hot Summer’s sun. The tea is* more sensitive to-* heat than cold.. It grows beautifully iii Athens, Ga., where it is  Benjamin Hernandez', who was- convicted of an assault with intent to* kill at the last term of the Criminal Court of Charleston county, and sen--tenced by Judge Graham to five yeai^ in the Penitentiary,, was pardoned by the Governor on- Monday. The State trGasi rtr, during the present week, will1 pay the county treas^ urers of the State, in the proper pi os jortional amounts, $200,000, for the free school fund of each county,- for the fecal year ending October 31st, 1S74*^   An Eastern Star Chapter waa organized in Anderson on the 4th inst'. All Master Masons, in good standing,, with their wives, Laughters, sisters and mothers, are entitled to receive the- decrees of the Eastern Star.. The Heavens* thundered,, the* ocean heaved, the threatening clouds-lowered, last Monday, and our young friend, Mark Stackhouse, became the daddy of a gal baby.. That s all.—.Marion Star.. ....^ Maj,or T. W. Woodward, of* Fairfield, one of the Committee to take* the Memorial of the-Tax payers to Washington, cads on the people ol his count/ to pay his-traveling expenses; SuAlls (mulatto) and* Whipper (black) will be candidates for Congree ia the Beaufort District.. ;