Aiken Courier Journal (Newspaper) - July 1, 1876, Aiken, South Carolina £l)c Canner - Journal % VOLUME 2—NUMBRB 87 AIKEN, S. C., JULY. I 1876 MAIL ARRANGEMENTS. Aiken, g. C., September I, 1874. On and after this dale the Postoffice hours will be as follows : Paring the week from 8:30 a. rn. to I 30 •’clock p. rn,, and from 3 to 6 o’clock p. rn. Mails, t Northern-*. Western... Charleston Columbia.. 1 0£ENS. j CLOSES. 1 10:60 a.m.|9:30 a.m. & 3p.m 10:30 a. m| 3 p. rn. 4:30 p. rn.I rn 4:30 p. rn. | m Dunbarton, Leesville, Hammond, Greenland, Merritt’s Bridge and Mt. Ebal mails close on Sundays at I o’clock p. rn., and open on Tuesdays at 5 o’clock p.m. : E. CONDY, P. M. TILDEN AND VICTORY I The Great Reform Governor Nominate. St. Louis, June 28, 1876. After the adoption of the platform the chairman announced that nominations were in order, when the following were made : Col, Williams nominated Hendricks ; Whitely, of Delaware, nominated Bayard 5 Leon Abbott, of New Jersey, nominated Parker j Frances Reman, of New York, nominated Tilden. first ballot. Allene................».................66 Tilden..... J ............403J Parker,.;.. .......18 Hancocks....... ......*........ .75 Bay afd...................................274 Hendricks..............................1331 Thurman........................... 2 SECOND BALLOTT. Tilden............................ 535 Hendrix........______ GO . Hancock.......... ...... 59 Allen,.. ................ ........... 54 Maynard ......... ll larker ..............a............ 18 Thurman.,.......,........ 22 Thenomination of Tilden was then made unanimous, oil motion of Mr. Wallace, of Pennsylvania. , g THE VICE PRESIDENT. PT. Louis, June 39—’Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana, was unanimously nominated for Vice President on the first ballett. THE PLATFORM. We, ihe delegates of the Democratic party of the United States, in National convention assembled, do here declare . the administration of the Federal Government to bo in urgeut need of imrne-diate reform. We do hereby enjoin upon the nominees of this Convention and of the Democratic party in each State to acajous effort and co-operation to this do hereby appeal to our fellow** 6 very fiofaner poU^Tcaf Conus this first duty. For 'the country we^do hereby reaffirm our faith iu the pennant troy af the Federal Union, our devotion to the Oou*stitution of tho United States, with its amendments, universally accepted us a final settlement of the controversies that engendered civil war, and do here record our steadfast confidence in the perpetuity of Repub lic'aq selfgovernment 5 in j.bsolute acquiesence it? the will of the majority toe vital principle of the Republic ; in the supremacy of the civil over the military authority ; in the total separation of Church and State, for the sake alike of civil and religious freedom j in the equality of all citizens before the just laws of their own enactment ; iii the liberty of individual conduct, unvexed by sumptuary laws ; in the faithful education of the rising generation, that they may preserve, enjoy and transmit these best conditions of* ,human happiness and hope. We behold the noblest products of a hundred years of changeful \?story, but while upholding the borid d*<mr Union and the -teat charter of these Xrrights, it behoves a free pc pie to pra*0$e also that eternal vigil-^n, e which is thuprice of liberty. Re-Vip is necessary to rebuild and cs tab-I jo the heart of the whole people the Union eleven years ago happily rescued from the danger of a corrupt cen truism, which, after inflicting upon ten States the rapacity of carpet-bag tyrannies has honneycombed the offices of the Federal Government itself with incapacity, waste and fraud, infected States and municipalities with the contagion of misrule, and locked fast the prosperity of an industrious people. In the paralysis of hard times reform is necessary to establish a sound currency, restore the public credit and maintain the national honor. We denounce the failure for all these eleven years to make good the promise of the legal tender notes which are a changing standard of value in the hands of* the people, and the non-payment of which is a disregard of the plighted faith of the nation. We denounce the improvidence which in eleven years of peace has taken from the people in Federal taxes, thirteen times the amount of the legal notes, and squandered four times this sum tn useless expenses without accumulating any reserve for its redemption. We denounce the financial imbecility and immorality of that party which during eleven years of peace has made no advance towards resumption ; that instead has obstructed resumption by wasting our resources and exhausting all our surplus income, and while annually professing to intend a speedy return to specie payments, has annually enacted fresh hindrances thereto. As such a hindrance we denounce the resumption clause of the act of 1875, and we here demand its repeal. We demand a judicious system of preparation by public economists by official retrenchments aud by wise finance, which shall enable the nation to assure the whole world of its perfect ability and its perfect readiness to meet any of its promises at the call of the creditor entitled to payment. We believe such a system well devised, and) above aft, entrusted to competent hands for execution, cleating at no time un artificial scarcity of currency and at no time alarming the public mind into a withdrawal of that vast machinery of credit by which ninety-five per cent. of all business transactions arc performed. A system open, public and inspiring general confidence would, from the day of its adoption, bring healing on its wings to all our harassed industry, and aet in motion the wheels of commerce, man** ufacturcs aud the mechanical arts, re -store employment to labor and remw iii all its national source and prosperity of the people. Reform is necessary in the the sun* and modo of Federal taxation, to the end that capital be set free from distrust and labor lightly burdened. We denounce the present tariff, levied upon nearly 4,000 articles, as a masterpiece of injustice in equality and false pretence. It yields a dwindling,, not a yearly rising revenue. It has impoverished many industries to subsidise a few. It prohibits imports that might purchase the pro* ducts of American labor* It has degraded American commerce from the first to a?i inferior rauk upon the high seas It has cut down the sales of American manufactures at home and abroad and depleted tho returns of American agriculture or industry followed by half our people. It costs the people five times more than it produces to the Treasury It obstructs the process of production and wastes the fruits of labor. It promotes fraud aridfosteis smuggling ; em* riches dishonest officers and bankrupts J honest merchants. We demand that all custom house taxation shall be only for revenue. Reform is necessary in the scale of public expense, Federal, State and municipal. Federal taxation has swollen from 860,000,000 gold in 1860 to 8450,000,000 currency in 1870 ; our aggregate taxation from 81154,000,000 gold 1860 to 8730,000,000 currency in 1870, or in one decade from less than five dollars per head to more than ei«h- ft teen dollars per head. Since the peace the people have paid to their tax gatherers more than thrice the sum of the national debt and more than twice that sum for the Federal Government alone. We demand a vigorous frugality in every department, and from every officer of the Government reform is necessary to put a stop to the profligate waste of public lands and their diversion from actual settlers by the party in power, which has squandered two hundred millions of acres upon railroads alone, and out of more than thrice th t aggregate has disposed of less than a sixth directly to tillers of the soil. • Reform is necessary to correct the omissions of a Republican Congress and the errors of our treaties and our diplomacy which have striped our fellow citizens of foreign birth and kindred race recrossing the Atlantic of the shield of American citizenship and have exposed our brethren of the Pacific coast to the incursion of a race not sprung from the same great parent stock, and in fact now by law denied citizenship through naturalization, as being neither accustomed to the traditions of a progressive civilization nor exercised in liberty under equal laws. We denounce the policy which thus discards the liberty loving Germans, and tolerates the revival of the Coolie trade in Mongolian women, imported for immoral purposes and Mongolian men hired to perform servile labor contracts, and demand such modification of the treaty with the Chinese empire or such legislation by Congress witl'in a constitutional limitation as shall prevent the further importation or immigration, of the Mongolian race. Reform is necessary, and can never be effected but by making the controlling issue of the elections, lifting it above the false issues with which the office-holding class and the party in power seek to smother it. The false issue with which they would enkindle sectarian strife in respect to the public schools, of which the establishment to support belonging exclusively to the several States and whioh the Democratic party has cherished from their foundation and resolved to maintain without partiality or preference For any class, sect or creed aud without contributing from the Treasury to any of the false issue by which they seek to light anew the dying embers of sectional hate between kindred people once unnaturally estranged, but bow reunited in one indivisible Republic and common destiny* Reform is necessary in the civil service. Experience proves that efficient economical conduct of the governmental business is not possible .if its civil service be subject to change at every election, be a prize fought for at the bollot box, be a brie I reward of party zeal instead of posts of honor assigned for proved competency and held for fidelity in the public employ ; that tho dispensing of patronage should nettlier be a tax upon the time of all our public meu nor the Instrument of their ambition. Here again professions falsified in the performance attest that the party in power can work out no practical or salutary reform. Reform is necessary even more in the higher grades of public service— iii President, Vice-President, Judges, Senator?, Representatives, Cabinet officers. These and all others in authority are the peopl’s servants. Their offices are not a private perquisite. They are a public trust. When the annals of this Republic show the disgrace and censure of a Vice-President.a late Speak er of the House of Representatives marketing his rulings as a presiding officer, three Saoatois profiting secretly by their votes as law makers, five chair> men of tho leading committees of the late House of Representative* exposed iii jobbery, a late secretary of the Treasury forcing balances in the public accounts, a late Attorney Genera! misappropriating public funds, a Secretary of the Navy enriched or enriching his friends by per centages levied off the profits of contractors with his Department, an ambassador of England cen* sured in a dishonorable speculation, the Presidents private Secretary barely escaping conviction on trial for guilty complicity in fraud on the Revenue, a Secretary of War impeached for high crimes and confessed misdemeanors, the demons*] ation is complete that the first step in reform must be the peoples choice of honest men from another party, lest the disease of one political organization infect the body politic, and thereby make no change of men or party we can get no change of measure and no reform. All these abuses, wrongs and crimes, the product of sixteen years' ascendancy of the Republican party, creates a necessity for reform confessed by Republicans themselves. But their reformers are voted down in Convention and displaced from the Cabinet. The parties and mass of honest votes is powerless to resist the eighty thousand office holders, its leaders and guides. Reform can only be had by a peaceful, civil revolution. We demand a change of system. a change of administration, a change of parties, that we may have a change of measures and of men. THE FREEDMANS SAVINGS 1 BANK AND TRUST COMPANY SWINDLE. A Scathing Exposure in Congress. We have been frequently approached by some of the most industrious, hard working colored men of this community who desired to kuow something of that gigantic, swindling institution, the Freedman's Savings Bank—saying they had, from time to time, deposited different sums in the concern, and wmjld like to know what chance there was of getting toy part of their ineoey bank again.— For the benefit and ^Hnfbrihation of all snch, we print the following : At a meeting of the House on Tuesday, the 20th instant, Mr. Stenger of Pennsylvania, addressed the committee in reference to the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company. He gavo a history of the rise, decline and fall of the institution, reflecting severely on its Various officers and on the finance committee. He charged that henry D. Cooke, Wui. S. Hunter and the other three members of the finance committee and the two actuaries, Eaton and Stickney, on the side of the bunk, and Alexander R. Shepherd? Hallet Killbourn, W. W.V a rider burgh, arid others outside of it. had formed arin^ by which at vr-rious times aud in various ways money was procured from the bank on worthless or insufficient securities or on no securities at all. to be used in divers enterprises and speculations by members of the ring. He described the class of persons, whose victims the freedmen had been, as a class governed by a mock philanthropy, and whose conduct had been marked by the vilest hypocrisy._ They had made broad their phylacteries, prayed at the street corners, and thanked God they were not as other men They had stolen the livery of Heaven to serve the devil in They had gone to the freedmen with words of hope and promise on their lips, but with consuming greed and avarice in their hearts. They had borne to these helpless and ignorant people proffers of help whilst their minds Were busily engaged in schemes to rob them. They had solicited their confidence as friends, whilst they had been devising ways and means to plunder them of their hard earnings They had assumed the-garb of teachers whilst their only mission had been to learn how to steal from them. They had gone wiwh the teachings of Christ in their mouths, whilst their chief ambition had been to be of the class of political car pet-h; ggers obhorred by all decent men, or of the class of money charmers whom Christ drove mercilessly I rom the tem^ OLD SERIES, VOL. 6.—N0.287 pie. Towards them the good people of the South, and of tile North a well, entered an uncompromising and undying hatred, and they could extend no charity towards such human vultures. It was into the clutches of such pee pie that the uneducated, helpless, but confiding freedmen fell. Their confidence had been secured to such an extent that in nine years of the bank's existence its deposits amounted to fifty-six million dollars. The whole South had been drained of its money, and it had gone into the custody of the men who had charge of the Washington office. The total liabilities of the bank on the 31st of December, 1875, were 83.004,875, of which the amount due to colored depositors was > 82,992,033. * On this a dividend of 20 per cent. bad been declared, and when it was paid thor* would still remain 82;365,355 to be paid out of the remaining assets He did not see howThe final losses of the freedmen could fall below a million aud a half, and he thought it was likely they would suffer to the extent of two million. In conclusion lie said the freedman up longer regards the Washington tang aa a myrth To him its existence is a 9fern, solemn, sad fact. It has cast a great shadow over his home and life; it Las dissipated the earnings and savings of wearisom days has given him over to many nights of unrest; has doomed him to years of harder toil j has brought penury, want, suffering aud deep distress to his loved ones. It has driven hope from his heart, underminded his coat* dence in man, aud shaken' hi^ faith *i* : God. Some there arc who fattened upon the Freedman's savings for a ti^ie, and they are now, from Xhe shrinkage of tfieiMnvestments, toe*! bankrupts in,, fortune; but these are exceptionahoeses. Most of them have large posseasfeiet As I sec them revelling in luxury, as I witness the investments of their ill-gotten gains ip magnificent business houses and palatial residence! along these beautiful streets 3 as I hear of them, by the power of their wealth aud social influence, packing and debauching juries, controlling courts and subsidising newspapersj os I listen to the story of their nearness to blin who executes the laws for this great free people, and then turn my eyes upon the poor freedman, ragged, hungry, stiffer-ing, wretched, robbed, wliose money bus been filched from him by these very people, I wonder whether all these things will not some day shrink away from them also. LETTER FROM WINSOR. [Correspondence of The Courier-Jour aal. J Windsor. S. 0., June 26, 1876. To the Et Ut or of The Courier-Journal : The school trustees and citizens of Windsor township metal Darien Church nu Saturday, 24th instant, tor the purpose ut levying or voting down an extra tax for school purposes. E. D. J »bus*n was elected chairman and R. L. Evans secretary. Speeches wero made in favor of levying a tax by Dr. Palmer and Gloster Holland, when the following resolution was offered by Holland : Reaoloetl. That wheu this meet tug adjourns to-day it stand adjourned to meet again on the second Saturday in. August next, at Windsor, at ll o'ekick a. rn. This motion, on being put before the meeting, was voted down by a large majority. A motion was then made to levy no tax at uh tor school purposes, which was carried. The meeting then ^adjourned-nifter which the assemblage was addressed nuain Dr. Palmer. Yours truly, R. L. Evans. It costs.81 to thraw ho orange | on the sidewalk in New Orleans.