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Aiken Courier Journal (Newspaper) - July 1, 1876, Aiken, South Carolina iVy Conner Journal w VOLUME 87 X 1876 MAIL September And this date the Postofflce faayrs will be as follows Bwing the from to I 30 from S to 6 oclock 1 CharJteton m 3 m m Qreen BtarHtfl Bridge and Ebnl mails OH 8undaysxat 1 ocleok Tuesdays at 6 oclock AND VICTORY THE GREATREFORM GOVEBNOE NOM June After the adoption of the phitfonu the chairman announced that tions were in when the following were made CoK Williams nominated Hendricks of nomiuated aYdj Leon of New nom inated Parker Frances of New nominated FIRST Aliens 56 403J Hancock 75 274 Bendricks 2 SECOND 9 64 11 ferkcr a 18 22 h1 Tbenontination of Tilden was then made ou motion of TfcK VICE June of Indianaj was unaowwHW nominated for Vice President oo the fiibt balJott THE delegates of the Democratic yarty of the United in Sationul convention do here declare the adnjiaiBtrutioo of the Federal Gov ernnient to bo in urjreut need of Juioje diftte We do heruby enjoin upon nominees of this Coovention and of the Dentocratic party in each State to ecafonfi effort and cooperation to this hereby appeal to our fellow every fohner poWlfcaf Con first For country reaffirm our feith in the perumiitircy nf trie Federal nur devotion to the Goustitutiun of tho Uni ted with its univor fcully accepted as a Bnul settlement of the controversiea civil and here recurd our sttudfoat confidence in the perpetuity of govcrument in nbsoluKs in the will of the majority Ine vital principle if the Republic in the supremacy of the civil over the military authority in the total separation of Church and for the sake alike of civil religious freedom j in the iquality of all citizens before the just luws of their enactment the liberty1 of individual unvexed sumptuary in the faithful ed ucation of tho riauvj that they may enjoy und transmit these best conditions happi and We behold tjie noblest ducts of rt hundred years of change bat while upholding the d oTour Union and the churtor these it behoves a fVee alsothiitcierniil which w thexprice of Kc is nccesiftry tn rebuild and cstiib jp the heart of tljc whole people of the Union eleven Years igo happily rCfi cued from the danger of a corrupt cen after inflicting upon ton States the rapacity of carpetbag tyran nies has honneycombed the offices of the Federal Government itself with in waste and infected States and municipalities with the contagion of and locked fast the prosperity of an industrious In the paralysis of hard times reform is necessary to establish a sound restore the public credit and maintain the national denounce the failure for all these eleven years to make good the promise of the legal tender notes which are a changing standard of value in the hands ofthe and the nonpayment of which is a disregard of the plighted faith of the We denounce the improvidence which in eleven years of peace has taken from the people in Federal thirteen times the of the legal und four times this sum to use less expenses without accumulating any reserve for its Wo de nounce the financial imbecility and im morality of that party which during eleven years of peace has made no ad vance towards resumption that instead has obstructed resumption by wasting pur resources and exhausting all Mir surplus and while annually pro fessing to intend a speedy return to spe cie has annually enacted fresh hindrances As such a hindrance we denounce the resumption clause of the act of and we here demand its We demand a sys tem of preparation by public economists by official retrenchments aud by wise which shall enable the nation to assure the whole world of ita perfect ubtlty and us perfect to meet any 4 its promises at the call of the creditor entitled to payment We be lieve such svetem well 4eviiecl above entrusted to competent hands for creating at no time tin ttfioid scarcity of currency and at DO time alarming the public mind into a withdrawal of that vast machinery of credit fey which ninetyfive per of all business transactions are A system public and inspiring gen eral confidence from the day of its bring on its wings to all our damaged and eet in motion the wheels of ufaclures and the Mechanical re store employ uieiit to labor and ran tw in all its nutionul source and prosperity of the Keform is necessary in the the sum and uiodo of Federal to the end that capital be aet free from distrusted lightly We denounce the1 present levied upop nearly us a masterpiece of injustice in cquuliiy and false tt yields not a yearly rising It has impoverished many industries ij sabsidUc It prohibits import that purchase the ducts of American It has de graded Awetican commerce from the first to an inferior rauk upon the high sens It hos cut down the sales of An or lean manufactures at home and abroad and depleted tho returns of American uuriculturo or industry followed by half our It costs the people five times more than it produces to the It obstructs the process of production and wastes the fruits of labor It pro motes fraud and fosters smuggling ea riches dishonest officers and bankrupts honest We demand that till cuetntn house teXtition shall be only for Reform is necessary in the scale of public State and Federal taxation has swollen from gold in 1860 to currency in 1870 j our aggregate taxation from Kuld jn 1860 to currency in or In one decade froiu less than dollars per head to more than eigh teeu dollars per Since the peace the people have paid to their tax gather ere more than thrice the sum of the national debt and more than twice that for the Federal Government We demand a vigorous frugality in every and from every officer of the Government reform is necessary to put a stop to the profligate waste of pub lic lands and their diversion from actual settlers by the party in which has squandered two hundred millions of acres upon railroads and out of more than thrice th t aggregate has dis posed of less than a sixth directly to tillers of the Reform is necessary to correct the omissions of a Republican Congress und the errors of our treaties and our diplo macy which have striped our fellow citi zens of foreign birth and kindred race recrossing the Atlantic of the shield of American citizenship and have exposed our brethren of the Pacific coast to the incursion of a race not sprung from the same great parent and in fact now by Jaw denied citizenship through na as being neither accustom ed to the traditions of a progressive civilisation nor exercised in liberty un der equal We denounce the policy which thus discards the liberty loving and tolerates the revival of the Coolie trade in Mongolian imported for immoral purposes and Mongolian men hired to perform servile labor and demand such modi fication of the treuty with the Chinese empire or such legislation by Congress within a constitutional limitation as shall prevent the further importation or im of the Mongolian Re form and can never be effected but by malting the controlling issue of the lifting it above the false issues with which the office holding class and the party in power seek to smother Tho fabe issue with which they woald enkitidte sectarian strife in respect to the public of whitih the establishment to rapport belonging exclusively to the several States and which the Democratic party has cherished from their foundation and resolved to maintain without partiality or preference For any sect or creed and without contributing from the Treasury to any of the false issue by which they seek tolijhtanew the dying embers of sectional hate between kind red people once unnaturally but BOW reunited in one indivisible Re public and common Reform is necessary in the cWil Experi nce proves that efficient economical conduct of the governmental business Is not possible its civil service be subject to change at every be a prifco fought for at the bollot be a brief reward of party fceal instead of posts of honor assigned for proved competency and held for fidelity in the public employ j that rho dispensing of patronage should neither be a rax upon the time of ull our public uieu nor the instrument of their Here again professions fuhified m the per formance attest that the party in power can work out no practical ur salutary Reform is necessary even more in the higher grades of public in President Cabinet offi These and all others in authority are the peoples Their offices are not a private They are o public When the annals of this Republic show the disgrace and censure of a lute Speak er of the House of Representatives marketing his rulings SB a presiding three Sanatons profiting secretly by their votef OB law five men of leading committees of the late House of Representative exposed in late secretory of tne ury forcing in the public uc Coantsj a late Attorney Genera misap propriating public a Secretary of the Nuvy enriched or enriching friends by per centages levied off the profits of contractors with his Depart an ambassador of England pured in a dishonorable the Presidents private Secretary caping convictionon trial for1 guilty complicity in fraud on the a Secretary of War iaipeached for high crimes and confessed the ation is complete that the first step in reform must be the peoples choice of honest men from another lest the disease of une political organization infect the body and thereby make no change of men or party we cao get no change of measure and no All these wrongs and the product of sixteen years ascendancy of the Republican creates a necessity for relorm by Republicans But their reformers are voted down in Convention and displaced from lie The parties and mass of honest votes is pow erless to resist tho eighty thousand office its leaders and Reform can only be had by a civil rev We demand a change of sys a change of a change of that we may have a change of measures and of TttE FREEDMAWS SAVINGS BANK AND TRUbT COM PANY A SCATHING EXPOSURE IN We have been frequently approached by some of the most hard working colored men of this community who desired to kuow something of ihat swindling the Fwedmnns Savings they iVom time to deposited differ ent suDie in the and wnujd like to know what chance there was of getting tinj part of their boik For the benefit and information of all we print the following At a meeting of the House on Tues the 20th Steoger of addressed the committee in reference to the Freedoms Savings and Trust He gave n his tory of the risej decline and fall of reflecting severely tin ite various officers and on the finance com He charged that henry Hunter and the other three members of the finance committee and the two Eaton and Stick un the side of and Alex ander Hillet und others outside of liad formed a rinp by which at vr riouH times and in various ways money was procured from the bank on worthless or insufficient securities or on no securi ties at to be in divers enter prises aud gpecuhttiuus by members of the He he of victims thcfreedmen had as a governed by H mock and whose conduct had been uiurked by the They had utudcbroud their prayed the street and thanked Qud they wvro not us other UICN They had stolen the livery of Heaven to serve the devil in They hud gone to the freedueD with worJs of hope and prom ise on their Iips but with consuming greed und avarice in their They had borne to these helpless and ignorant people proffers of help whilst their minds were busily engaged in schemes to rob They had solicited their confidence as whilst they had been devisiiig ways and means to plun der them of their hard They had assumed thegarb of ttachcrs whilst their only uiUsinn hud been to learn how to steal from They had gone wivh thy teachings of Christ in their whilst their chief ambition had beeu to be of thu cltss uf political cur obhorrcd by till decent or of the ciasSuf money whom Christ drove mercilessly truui the tern OLD Towards them the people of the and of the North a tared an uncompromising and undying and they could extend no chari ty towards such human It into the clutches of such pet pie that the confiding freelmen Their confidence Had been secured to such an extent that in nine years of the banks existent its deposits amounted to fifryrsix The whole South had been drained pf ite and it had gone into the custody of the men who rhad charge of the Washington Tho total liabilities of the bunk ou the Hist of were of which the amount due to colored de positors was On this a dividend of 20 per bad been de and when it was paid theri would still remain to be paid out or the remaining assets Hs did not eoe bowthe fitial losses of tho freed men could M below a million and a and he thought it was likely they would suffer to the extent of two In conclusion he said the freednwn up longer regards the Washington wng ML a myrth To him existence is a sad It has cast a great shadow over his hoaie and Hfe U lias dissipated the earnings and ravings of wexrisom days has given him over to many nights of unreal fens doomed him to years of harder toil 5 has brought suiferihgavd deep dutrew to hb loved It has driven fiQjw from his undcrmindcd boat k C denee in and fihatfeu faith Some there bro wto upon the freeduinns guvings for tjV and arc from of tVelr f T fortune hut those are Most of them have luxury us I wituesi tho their illgotteq guinft business housiw and along these beautiful I hear of ty the power of wealth and inf packing and bauching controlliog courU ftod sabsidising newspapers j as I listen to the btorv of their nearness to him who executes the luws for this great free peo Acd the turn my tipan the poor suffer wRotfe money hue been filched from by very I wonder whether ail things will not sooie oay shrink frow them J A FBOM WINDOIL Correspondejico of 1be 0M To tlit Editor of Tlit CourierJournal The trutttecs and citizeiw of Winder township met tii Church ou for the par pose ot levying or votiug down an extru tax for school Jibusn was elected ehaiiman and Speeches wero uiude io favor of Icty tax by Palmer and Glortet w the following was dffereil b tlulland Thai when tfch meeting aJjourus today it jtand adjourned to aieet again on the second Saturday August at ut 11 oclock This on before the voted down by a large ma A mution was then itmde to levy no tax at ul tr school which was The uitfttitjg then which ihu wan addressed aiain Yours IT to throw the sidewalk in New
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