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Aiken Courier Journal: Saturday, June 3, 1876 - Page 1

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   Aiken Courier Journal (Newspaper) - June 3, 1876, Aiken, South Carolina                                 I)t Cunner-Jutunnl.  VOLUME 2 —NUMBED 83  AIKEN, S. C., JUNE. 3 1876  OLD SERIES; VOL. 6.—N0.283  MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.  Aiken, S. C., September I*, 1874,  On find after this date the Postoffice hours will be as follows :  During the week from*3:30 a. rn. to I 30 o’clock p. rn., and from 3 to 6 o’clock p. ISI.  MAILS.  Northern..  "Western...  •Charleston  Columbia.  OPENS.  10:30 a, rn. 10:30 a. m 4:30p. rn. 4:30 p. rn.  CLOSES.  9:30 a.rn. & 3 p.m 3 p. m. rn m  Dunbarton, Leesville, Hammond, Greenland, Merritt’8 Bridge and Mt. Ebal mails close *oa Sundays at I o’clock p. rn., and •open on Tuesdays at 5 o’clock p. rn.  E. CONDY, P. M.  GOVERNOR TILDEN.  Governor Tilden’s ^chances lor a nomination at tho St. Louis Convention seem <*» be growing b righter-every day.  4  The irreproachable character of tlve altin ■aud the rigorous fight which he has made against the gigantic ring thieves 'andpublicplunderers of the Empire State 'and City, is bow telling strongly in his favor aH over the land. The -currency question, upon which -there is no doubt - -r Governor Tilden’s soundness, should toot and probably will not be considered of paramount importance in making choioe ofqtstandard bearer, in the tom-lug campaign, so much as the seleeion of a candidate who can win, and who, •'rfftorxhe battle has been fought and the 'victory won, will .administer abe .affairs  r ef 'theGoverntaent upon honest, sound, Constitutional, Jeffersonian principles. But there is one idea which seems to strike all alikq, and that ia, there must be na quarreling and fighting oner a •candidate in the convention. Whatever is done there should he -done off-hand ; and who aver is nominated, whether it <he Tilden, or Bayard, or Headricks, or Thurman, or acme one who is not yet thought of, he should be os man ated ■unanimously.  There is one fact whidh speaks most dhumrahk far Tilden : Aha ihfsddicsns have a deadly fear of his nominatioa r 'well blowing that, with his et aint ess record, less can be said against him than .any other candidate who can he brought into the field.    •  The New York •correspondent of the •Charleston News aud Courier truly says::  “Something can he said against the availability of all the other competitors for the St. Louis nomination. Conceding their eminent fitness for the Pi cadency, are they as strong before the people as I ii den. Take ThsruiaB*—who is magnificent timber for 41 Democratic President—is-not his prestige broken by his inability to cont] cl the party in .his own State ?    Bayard—lite    most  promising public man of hi; years in •the country -would not his nomination araise the cry among the Republicans that Jhe rebel -South was coming to take possession of the general government ? Would not the fact that he was formerly a slave owner he screeched from every Radical house-top, and be used to iash to fury the still living, though latent, prejudices of tho Northern people ?— Hendricks—has he not tried to trim between hard end soft money, and damaged himself in the hard money Middle States and on the Pacific carot ? Hancock-*—are not the people indisposed toward • military Presidents on the heel of the Grant experience ? These are Sr *o«ne of the objections suggested. To my mind they can he dissipated in nearly every case. It would be impossible to iud a candidate against whom some objections could not be urged, otherwise wn could find a perfect man But conceding Tilden's superior nvailability, it nan he said for Bayard that hts eminent ^ talent and stainless private character are strong pointe before hts countrymen, and • that ho would meet with no Democratic W qpjmllion Whatever in the pivotal ; BtoiioC WYofk. Hancocks nomine*.  \ cion would absotntelj checkmate the* ‘bloody shirt” dodge of the Republican  leaders, aud he could unite the party in New York and run better in Pennsylvania and Illinois than any other Democrat. Hendricks would probably save Indiana to us in October, and thus neutralise the bad effect of tho inevitable Republican victory in Ohio upon the November elections, It is well for Democrats to discuss these advantages and disadvantages in possible candidates before the National Convention meets. It is by doing this that a right estimate of the best man can be reached.”  It is not expected that the South Carolina delegation will make themselves very conspicuous in the Convention, and it is not necessary that they should. — The great and all important question with them, first, last and all the time, and in fact with the entire South is, the nomination of a candidate who can win.  ACROSE THE WATER.  War Cloud in the East—Panic on the Bond and Stock Exchange.  The war cloud in the East is growing darker and heavier day by day, It would surprise no one conversant with Old World affairs, to wake up $oiue morning and learn that the dogs of war had been let loose, and a great European war was begun. The money kings feel it first, even before the crowned Kings have said the fatal word*, or signed the articles that may wipe out of existence one dynasty or build up another.  On Saturday last there was quite rn panic on the London Bourse. All stocks fell considerably in value. The Both. child*, who are supposed to be able to •smell nun powder long before the first gun is fired, and whose money has been made by wars and rumors of wars, sold $5,000,000 of consols, and merchants aa© paying nod quarter per cent, at Lloyd’s to cover risks in tho M«difce-vanes*.  The cause of the disturbance, which oow threatens to deluge Europe with blood, is similar to that of 1853, when Russia demanded from the Turkish Government certain guarantees of the rights of the Christian subjects of the Porte. They were refused on the ground that they involved a virtual abdication of its soverignry. France, England and Italy sided with Turkey against Russia, and the result was the famous long protracted Crimean war. Considering the vast amount of English capital in-vested in Turkey and Egypt, ir, is not surprising there should be a panic on the London stock exchange.*— On this side of the water, in New York, freights to eastern pons have considerably advanced.  ABDUL AZIZ HAS ABDICATED, AND IS NOW ABDUL AS WAS.  So say the last telegrams from Turkey. Murad Effendi, heir presumptive to the throne, was proclaimed Sultan on Monday night last.  Abdul Aziz Khan, the deposed Sultan, is the second son of Sultan Mah-moud Khan, and the successor of his elder brother, Abdul Medjid. He was born in 1830, and ascended the throne in 1861.  What effect this coup d* etal will have upon the present cloudy state of affairs in Europe, it is impossible to’ determine. So far as the stock market concerned it has already had a tendency to bring matters to the surface a little, but whether they will stay these or drop still further down, time * Alone can tell.  COMMISSION OF JUDGES SEA W AND REED.  Governor Chamberlain has commissioned Judge Reed and Shaw for four years—the terms for which Whipper and M<wes were elected by the last Leg-islam*. The position taken by the Gout** ie that Moses and Whipper Were not duly elected, and that every judicial election was for four years, without regard to Unexpired terms.  Under these commissions the term of Judge Heed will expire on December lith, 1878, and that of Judge Shaw on February 12th, 1870. Thin action of Governor Chamberlain seems to put the claim of Whipper and Moses in its proper shape If tither of these worthies attempts to exm&se the Amotions of the office of Judge, he does so at his peril.  Seam of our mille soh**, of whom there ate two or th rec ta Aikee, who have held no insignificant positions ss ladfcui Sims offiebk, shahs their wise hdjnMarHrivttt com^wmm, aud thus there wit! be bloodied, hut Ibm they intend lo emu Whipper let the «ot>sequenoes he whet they may.  STRIKE ON THE COMBAHEE.  The strike excitement in that benighted region is becoming quieted, The presence of the Sheriff and firm action of Trial J us ti ce Calcock, whose timely appointement by Governor Chamberlain feuded largely in producing the desired result. There ie now no doubt that designing Radical politicians were the Inciters of the disturbance, but the deluded negroes are coming to their senses, and are now resuming their labors at the prices offered by the employers.  We notice some of c.ur exchanges ars groaning and rolling up their eyes in nous horror at receiving proposals from advertising agents to puff the Tildea panacea. They say Ufo toe bed, loo ignoble—not the panacea, bol the man* nor of blowing and placing it before the >eop!e. Well, we admit thai it is a new Ibing ia polities, hut this ii- the age of novelty, aud it may work as well in that way as it does in Ute curative art. At any rate it shows that S. J. T. and his friends know the value of printers ink, and have the funds and the liberality to pay for it.  REPLY TO “PAT.”  Aiken, S. C. t  May 15. Editors Columbia Register :  Dear Sirs—I notice in your paper of Saturday, May 13'h, a letter signed “Pat,” giving mn account of the trial of Henry Sparnick, at the end of which the writer casts a slur on Dr. Rockwell and myself because we were unfortunate enough!to have acted as Jury Commissioners'In an emergency last fall, alter it wa! found the jury box had been tampered with. Gov. Chamberlain, after suspending the commissioners then acting, telegraphed that he had appointed us to serve in making Up a new list Our first impression was that we would have nothing to do with the matter.— That evening a Committee called at my place, from Judge Maher, requesting us to call on him. We Called on the Judge, and (bund him with several members of the Aiken bar around him. He said at once he had neat for us to talk up the jury matter. He had heard of our appointment, and urged us strongly to accept, and said it was our duty aa good oitilens to do to. After listening to the remarked thai I had tim greatest reluctance to accept of any appointive ur elective office in the State, not only on account of the prejudice that existed against any Northern man holding office, but I had no taste for, or time lo devote to, snob matters. The Judge aud all the members of the bar present 1 MUTs J us that they had the grimm confidence in us, nod Urged more strongly lo haws us accept. We told the J edge we would not decide tho matter till we hid received the lectern from the Gov-•ruer which he stated ha his telegram he  had written. We received letters from him the next day. He urged us strong ly to accept, and after consulting together, we came to the conclusion that perhaps it was our duty to do so under the circumstances, and we telegraphed the Governor to that effect. After receiving our corn missions, the time was very short to make up the list. We received instructions from Judge Maher how to proceed.  Before commencing the list we ascer* tained how many names it was necessary to put in the box, and how many was the quota for each township. We then decided, as we were obliged to have a mixed jury, that there should be an equal number of white and colored ■ames put in the box from each township. The next question was, how shall we select the men. We decided, although the Judge assured us that a property qualification was not necessary, that we would take the Auditor’s book and select men from those who were tov payers; feeling that men who had accumulated property aud payed their taxes bad done something at least to show that they were good citizens The time was so short that it was impossible to go over tho county to get information, so we took that course.; and in addition to that, we inquired of parties, who were well acquainted in every part of the county, and obtained all the information we could in regard to every man whose name we put in the box. The questions asked about each man were : Is he a good citizen ? a sober man ? a. man of intelligence ? has he committed crime 7 will he make a good juror? If those questions were satisfactorily answered, his name was put in the box ; if not he was left out.— Every man on the list Ut. a tax payer, ant tho number are equal—white and color* od. The above is the plan we followed in making out tho Hat of jurors* When the jurors were drawn for the two past* terms of court, it was done in a most careful and fair way, as every one present will testify; bu*, in both cases there were more colored men drawn than white; consequently there are more white men left in the box nog than colored. We were obliged, in making up the list, to leave off all the men that had served as jurors the year before; also those in the box that had been tampered with. We found it difficult to find enough such men as we Wanted to fill up the list when there were three or tour hundred men in the county that were exempt. “Pat” must remember one thing—that the commissioners are obliged to make up the list from men that live in the county, and he may be in tho box  Now, Messrs. Editors. I want to say a word ir^regard to the jury on the Spar-nick case, that “Pat” is so ready to condemn. Judge Maher charged the jury in that case, ss he does in ah cases that he presides over, in a candid and earnest manner, making the points of law very plain ; and if the jury had rendered a Verdict according to the charge and the evidence, it no doubt would have been for couviciion. Now, what were the facts in the ease ? Eleven of those jurors were for conviction; only one for acquittal. Why is it that “Pat,” in a wholesale way, will Condemn eleven good, honest jurors because one juror will not agree with thorn and produoe a aristo*!? If be is honest, and wishes tor have the oonrts pure and just, why not, when he writes a letter for publication Ion paper printed it the capital of the •Nie, giving an account of an impertaes trial, rotate the full particular*, and give the eleven juror* credit fir their honest affine end firmness to do right, notwith-etending they were defeated by one of their enrober t Would it no* he infinitely bettor lo encourage and speak in proles of jurors who arc disposed to do •igbfc than to condemn them withonf  H would also be better, in my judgement, for him to find out the foots in regard to the Jury - Commissioners before publishing a mean slur on them, especially as ho did not have the courage or manliness to do it over his own signature.  Now one word in regard to our court We have in Judge Maher one of the best judges that ever sit on the bench. Hts knowledge of law and his kind, gentlemanly deportment makes bim every way qualified for the position.— I have the most profound respect for him, and should like to have him remain on the bench as long as he lives. We also have legal talent here that will compare favorably with any part of the country. We have a jury that ii made up from the oitisens of the county, composed of white and colored men. It would be desirable if we could have a jury made up of more intelligent men ; but I must say, according to my ob*er» vation,, iho must of the verdicts in our court would do credit to the most intelligent. I believe the jurors of our court have the natural Instinct sod a strong determination to do right. One of the greatest difficulties that we labor under a* I look at it from my standpoint; is the prejudice that exists among those Who are averse to giving credit or properly appreciating those who do right; but who, toke my friend “Pat,” are ready to condemn all for the faults of the few.    "■  I am not 1 lawyer, but I am satisfied that many more eases are lost on account of tho loose manner in which indictments are drawn than on cocoon! of incompetent or corrupt jurors. I would advise our fogs! gentleman to bn move particular about their indictment*, and im’dkinrod^topk wfoh. mom leniency on the jurors, who, iw aqr judgment, thqy too willing to condemn.  Messrs. Editors, I bavo made this letter quite too long, and Wffl eta* by saying to “Pat,” whoever he may be, lawyer, doetor or layman, that I shall be pleased to meet him before the eitiiens of Aiken, or before file court, with Judge M cher to preside, or before twelve men, selected by himself, as jurors, to discuss my whole action us Jury Commissioner. I feel sure that the words out of his own mouth will condemn him, for a man that is disposed to tell the truth wil dose in a frank and open manner, and not att onpt to slur his neighbor in the public prints without a cause, undor the cover of a fictitious signature. Truly yours.,  B. P. CHATFIELD.  CONVERTED TO THE FAITH.  An Influential Colored Man Joins the Democratic Party.  George’s Station, May 27. Editor Newt awl Courier :  As I have been so Lug laboring under s mistake that it his come square before my face, it bun brought mo to tote a consideration that I must pronounce that I am compelled to lake did* with the Democratic party, by which I have been a Wading member lo the Republican ranks, and now I aim to remain the aaaro in the Democratic ranks ss Our as honesty and justice will sxtend.  I know I will be scorned by tho** who take injustice for justice, but as faithful as Noah was In building the ark of safety, just so mn I by inform in the government of the Elate of South Carolina, by putting in good sud honest men, native horn to the soil of thq St*)*, "fly •n doing we wit. have aa boncii govern-mint* I rooukt to God my voigy was w.> sounding brum and n tinkling |i|ihaftos expound sad drive the belief itffiMvei* tndHddnri that U ignorant cf sfol affiur* of th# State. I bv lo write, him for filar yon may dj I Wifi let yon judge the tree if I it trot*.    I    R    ~  ......    ...    Ye    he belter known heseafeer sa  in a letter published to the world ll octet Grice. a  »   

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