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Aiken Courier Journal: Saturday, May 27, 1876 - Page 1

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   Aiken Courier Journal (Newspaper) - May 27, 1876, Aiken, South Carolina                                 Canner - JiroriwL  VOLUME 2 —NUMBER 82  tt 'ii-.  AIKEN, S. C., MAY 27 .1876  MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.  Aiken, S. C., September I, 1874.  On and after this date the Postoffice hours will be as follows :  During the week from 8;30 a. rn. to I 30 o’clock p. rn., and from 3 to 6 o’clock p. rn.  MAILS.  Northern.. Western... Charleston Columbia. J  OPENS.  10:30 a. rn. 10:30 a. rn 4:80 p. rn. 4:80 p. rn.  CLOSES.  9.*30 a.m. & 3 p.m 3 p. rn. m m  Dunbarton, Leesville, Hammond, Greenland, Merritt’s Bridge and Mt. Ebal mails dose on Sundays at I o’clock p. rn., and •pen on Tuesdays at 6 o’clock p. rn.  '_E. CONDY, P. M.  LYNCH LA IV-AY AB SEVILLE.  The Peopl entired oy the Law’s Delay, Rise up and cut the Gordian Knot in a Summary Manner.  The telegraph informs us that thebru-tal murder of Mr. and Mrs. Harmon, an aged couple residing near the Edgefield Ii ne, was avenged on Wednesday last by the lynching of the entire party of five ■negroes who committed the act.  At first the murder, which took place about tee days ago, was a complete mys-trj. The instrument of tho butchery, a dogwood club which was found upon the ll bor near the bed, led to the detection of the murderers. The club, it seems, had been cut with a knife in which there was a gap, was found in the possession of a negro, and was the first link in the chain of evidence, which proved beyond all  doubt the identity of the criminals.— They were five in number, ail colored men. their names being Larkin Hollo-, way, Stephen Lake, Austin Davis, Marshal Perrin and Jeff Settles. They were promptly arrested and committed to jail, when one of the party made a lull confession. The people having decided that the machinery of the law was too dilatory a tinkle iii the treatment of such wretches, decided to take matters iuto their own bands. Thefirisonerswere taken forcibly and in broad daylight from the custody of the Sheriff and shot to death, in the presence of three hundred citizens. Th<* firing party was composed of no lessthan one hundred men, and the one hundred allots put a speedy end to the guilty perpetrators of the dreadful crime. Holloway and Perrin were preachers, though of what persuasion or sect report says not. They probably belonged to the blood worshippers or howling, Dervishes of Dahomey.  OUR    IVA    SHIR    ti    ION    LETTER    \.‘Well, senti, men,”' was the    .wpl,  OLD SERIES, VOL. 6.—NO$S2  THE EPISCOPAL COA VENTI OJI.  The Diocesan Episcopal Convention in Columbia reject* d the application of the St. Mark’s delegates for admission.  In the vote which was taken a majority of the clergy were for admission, but the laity carried it against them by three .majority.  Considering that it is so nearly a political question, perhaps it was an ill-advised move to agitate the matter at this time* although much can be said for and against it on both sides. The laity, who may be called the negatives in this case, object to admission at this time on the principle of universal suffrage, and do not like the idea of meeting, fellowship and fraternisation with the Whippers, the Smalls the Elliotts et id genus ovines which this action of the Convention, it successful, would necessarily bring ^bout, and the clergy no doubt desire it as little as the laity, but having the command before them of “Go ye into all the earth and preach my gospel in every land and to every people,'” we sup-. jpoftc they do not see'how they can avoid * the dilemma-dark oh is the prospect and heavy inc cross, they feel that if |here to truth in the gospel of Christ it Igfet bt borne.  Washington, D. C., May 15, 1876  THE GREAT UNKNOWN, to whom Mr. Blaine has so frequently referred as the man who will be sudden ly sprung upon the Cincinnati Convell tion by the Grant clique is now known to be Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, now Minister to Paris. Grant owes his advancement in life to Washburne, and is determined lo secure him the nomination if possible. It was Wash burners wish that his name should not be mentioned too early as a candidate. He is very unpopular with his party, and he knows it, and was therefore afraid to give his legions of enemies time to kill him off by showing his absolute unfitness for the Chief Magistracy. Grant let the cat out of the bag the other day. however, while “in his cups,” and stated that all his influence in the Cincinnati Convention will be used for hi*, -early and steadfast patron. Buj^J^ President forget* that his influence, even with tho rapscallions of the Republican party, has been steadily and rapidly on the wane, ever since it has been regarded as a fixed fact that he~has not the ghost of a chance of being re nominated. There are dozens of men in the Republican party who will have more personal influence on the delegates to Cincinnati than U. S. Grant; and it is more than probable that the Convention, scared by the earnestness and evident purpose of the distinguished leaders of the “Libe rals” and “Reform Republicans” will throw overboard all the old party hacks, and take up such a man as G. W. Curtis or George F. Hoar. The friends of the several  DEMOCRATIC ASPIRANTS  are all apparently hopeful. Those of Mr. Bayard are especially enthusiastic, and make up in zeal and hard work for their lack of numerical strength But the number of his friends is growing larger week by week—I should rather say his political- supporters, because all who know the able aud courteous Senator are his friends. The friends of Mr. Justice Davis, cf the Supreme Court, ale working actively for that distinguished gentleman, under the direction of Mr John D. Defrees, an honest man, au able wire-puller, and a personal rather than a political friend of Mr, Davis. The admirers of Mr. Hendricks, it is unnecessary to say, are working vi gorously for him, and are determined to do their best to secure his nomination. The Sou* bern members of Congress however, appear to be all Tilden men; and the friends of the other candidates do hoc hesitate to say that there is a growing feeling that his nomination may come to be considered a party necessity, Outlie rime the St. Louis convention meets. It does look that way now It is difficult to see how we can elect a President without the aid of New York. Again, it the Republicans throw overboard their hucks, and select some man of irreproachable character, and with a good reform record, which is quite likely they will do; the Democrats must put forward a man who has distinguished himself as a reformer aud a practical public economist.  GRANT S CHOICE POR THE PRESIDENCY.  A confidential friend of President Grant said, to-day, after inflating to the extent of half a dozen glasses of lager, “Do you know who is going to be nomi Dated at Cincinnati ?  1  The immediate answer from nearly a dozen persons present was “Blaine.” “No, sir,” was the reply. “Well, then,” arid several  of his auditors, “Conkling, or Hays.”_  ^Not right yet,” said the President's friend; “you will have to go lower down in the alphabet. The name of the man who will get the nomination begins with a ‘W,’ which his name is Washburne, the present Minsster to France*” An I incredulous laugh greeted this assertion.  am willing to bot $1000 Against $100 that Washburne is nominated.” “But why do you think so?” queried some one. “Why do I think so?” was the response; “because the told man’ wants him nominated. You know as well as I do that Washburne made General Grant, and you also know that Grant never deserts his friends.” “But how about Conkling ?” was the next que^v, “It is reported that he is Grant’s favorite, and that Grant is using his influence in Conkling’s behalf.” “Oh, that is all gammon,” said the President’s friend; “the President may seem to favor the nomination of Conkling, but is really doing all he van to secure the election of his friend Wushburne. Mark my words I Either Washburne or Hayes will receive the nomination at Cincinnati. An arrangement has been made by which Conkliug is to throw the vote of New York for Washburne, in case he sees-no chance of his own nomination. Blaine will of course lead off on the 'first few ballots, but a compromise candidate will finally be selected, and his name is Washburne.”  I incline to think there may be a good deal of truth in all this. It is far from certain that the Republican candidate who leads on the first few ballots will be the successful one, as the history of nominating conventions show. Seward distanced Lincoln by a respectable majority on the second and third ballots in the Republican Convention of 1864 ; and jet Lincoln was finally chosen.—  I he race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong; and consequently Blaine must not be too sure of his nomination at Cincinnati. As for Cohk-ling, he stands no earthly show of the nomination. It is barely possible that he may secure a complimentary vote from the delegates from his own State, but e;*en that is by no means certain.— As for his being the choice of the President, the idea is simply ridiculous.— Conkling is confessedly an able man; but he is excessively egotistical and arrogant in hi* manner, and is the very last man in the world for a man of Grant’s calibre to “tie to.” Fellows like Rule I ugalls, Phil Sheridan, and ttobeson are more to Grant’s liking: and although he may seem to be on friendly terms with the high-toned New York Senator, there can be no doubt he would prefer thai, some one else should be nominated at Cincinnati. Be this as it may, Grant’s present influence over hts party is exceedingly limited As a candidate, he has dropped out of sight altogether; and, in the sunset of his power, is almost deserted by those wbo> a year since, were proud to be counted among his friends and defenders.  THE CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION  810 each, for the purpose of erecting suitable buildings. Pennsylvania, through her legislature, contributed $1,-000,000, and the city of Philadelphia 8500,000. Since then, liberal contributions from many of the Northern aud Western States have been made in aid of the project, and the present Congress appropriated 81,500.000 for the same purpose.  was first suggested in 1869, and the proposition was received with general favor from the start. During that year delegaiifns from several States went to Philadelphia to confer with the Centennial committee which had already been appointed by the city councils The movement look form when Congress in March, 1871, passed a law providing for an international exhibition, the appointment of a Centennial Commission, &c.— The international feature of the exhibition wan opposed by many members of Congress, and by none more earnestly than Senator Sumner, who urged that the exhibition should be distinctively American, as its main object was the celebration of a great (.adonai anniversary in which the monarchial gover-ments of Europe had no sympathy and should have no part. The last speech of Lis public life, delivered in the United States Senate, was an earnest protest against this feature of the bill. In ] 1872, Congress created by law* Centon nial Board of Finance, with authority to raise subscriptions to the amount of $10,000,000, in shares of not more than  THE SPARNICK TRIAL.  Aiken, S. C., May ll, 1876. Editors Columbia Register :  Monday last, the trial of Henry Spar-nick, Judge of the Court of Probate for the County of Aiken, for official miscon duet, was commenced before his Honor Judge Maher. Tile prosecution was conducted by Judge Aldrich, of Barnwell, and Mr. Jordan, of the Aiken bar; Mr. Wiggins, the solicitor having obtained the permission of the Court to leave on business at home. The defense was represented by Mr. Lee, of Aiken, and Mr. Whipper, of Beaufort, both colored.  I he first effort of the defense was to quash ihe indictment on several grounds all of which the presiding judge overruled.  Jury No. I, composed of three white jurors and nine colored, were charged with the case, but before swearing them, the State objected to two of the colored and tho defendant to the three white jurors. It was then filled, ani stood eleven colored and one white, which presented the curions spectacle of a native South Carolinian selecting two negro lawyers and eleven negro jurors.  The offense was clearly proved, both by the direct evidence of the witnesses, Messrs. Croft and Henderson, of the Aiken bar, and by the confession of the defendant to these gentlemen, to whom he acknowledged that he had used the money. The defendant declined to be examined ss a witness. On the part of the State, it was contended that appropriating the moneys coming into his hands to his own use is official misconduct, and the offense is complete the moment the puolic officer does so use the money The defense insisted that unless the defendant intended to defraud the estate, he was not criminally liable. Th? facts proved were that the estate of ^Turley was largely indebted, and on the prayer of the administratrix the real estate was ordered to be sold iii aid of the personal for the payment of the creditors and the partition of the estate. The defendant (Sparnick) collected $2,700 from the sale, and when the time came to pay it out Ie asked a conference with the attorneys for the administratrix and the creditors, said that he had used the money and offered to assign some claims which he had against the State to cover the defalcation. He did assign the claims to Mr. Croft in trust fi r the creditors, and, as Mr. Croft stated; tho at torneys agreed to advise their clients nut to proceed against him for sixty days ; the defendant (Sparnick) admitting that he had macle himself liable to the penalties of the law. After the passage of the bonanza bills, Sparnick got the claims back from Mr. Croft to pro\e them before the commissioners appointed to audit the claims. He has not yet paid any money to the creditors, nor has he returned the claims to Mr. Croft  The case was fully argued on both sides. Judgt? Maher took great pains to expound the law to the jury, and care fully reviewed the testimony. He concluded his charge by telling the jury that he charged them, as matter of law, the offence of official misconduct had been fully proved by competent evidence and the confessions of the defendant, Sparnick ; that they had the power to find a verdict of “not guilty,” but left it to be inferred, if they did so, it would be against both the law uwd the evidence.  It is bot jose to the defendant to add that tne Judge, Mid to the jury be did not think the defendant took the money with a fraudulent intent, but he was not indicted for “breach of trust, with a fraudulent intent,” but for “misconduct in offiee,” -which is any wrong doing; that to use the money of an estate for his own purpoeea was a wrong to the estate and to the creditors, for which be was liable under the law.  At the January term of the court, the frauds of the Jury <3oqaii|im9nm were so flagrant that .Judge Maher was coni', pel led to discharge the juries. New Jury Commissioners .were, appointed, but, I am sorry to say, they are no improvement on tho Test I have no doubt the Governor t hought he was sppOgpiSag good men when be pat in Mr. Cbirtfield and Dr. Rockwell, but how two IRelief their intelligence, who are required by law to “prepare a list * * * as they may think well qualified to serve as ju* rors, being persons of good moral etiar-actor, of sound judgment, and free from all legal exceptions, could draw snob a jury passes conjecture. I defy auy'frir-minded man, white or colored, Democrat or Republican, to look at * the jury before whom Sparnick fas tried, and a^y it was drawn according to the law above quoted. Is wonder that there ires a mistrial, and the jury discharge*#^! a sharp rebuke from the Judge? Who are responsible ? Chatfiejd aud  well. ^ Governor Chamberlain, took to these men. ’ •  We reproduce the blowing well deserved mention of the leading Southern' Life Insurance Company, from the Ind4» pendent Real Estate Journal, of Ne# York, of May 6th, J876. The Piedmont and Arlington has gained by its merits favor wherever it has established^ its agencies. No Company has moisfe fully met the just demands, of its pat*?* rons :  THE PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON UY* INSURANCE COMPANY, RICHMOND, VA.  This company is distinguished for im rapid progress. Established soon after the close of the recent war, it is now become the leading life • company of the South, its management 'having been confined to gentlemen qualified in eyory way to guide it to suocess. It is impossible to read the statistics of last year without feeling assured that the the company is placed in vigorous aud energetic hands, or the results attained could not have been achieved in such an adverse period as that just parsed away. Though in existence little more than six years, the company had on the 1st of January last 6,517 policies in force, insuring $15,538 642, deriving an annual income of 939,767.77. Another impressive feature is the profitable difference between the gross assets and tjie ' \ liabilities, the former b ing $2.127,572 at the close of the year, aud the latter ' $1,895,819, leaving a surplus as regards policyholders of $231,752, or $113 of assets to every $100 of liabilities—a compar it ive position not exceeded by the oldest company doing business in this Stole.  We allude to these circumstances as  evidence, not only of the discrimination  and e ire of the management, but of its  skilfulness and judgement, qualities as  indispensible to the success of a life  company as capital itself, and far less  easily to be found. We are happy to add that the Piedmont and Arlirgton is one of the forty six life companies licensed to transact butment iii'ibis Stale, where it is in 4 high esteem, ami where it is annually advancing to greater em  inence.  Best calico st 8c. a yard; soil mIjdqs-yards far $1; a new lins of ladies hits, all stylet and all prices, just received. Also, new stock of groceries at bottom prices, at Henry 8ehroder’s.   

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