Tioga Eagle, December 17, 1845

Tioga Eagle

December 17, 1845

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Issue date: Wednesday, December 17, 1845

Pages available: 4

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Publication name: Tioga Eagle

Location: Wellsboro, Pennsylvania

Pages available: 3,723

Years available: 1838 - 1919

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Tioga Eagle (Newspaper) - December 17, 1845, Wellsboro, Pennsylvania indfiaylents pet a cents deducted and for Ca-h acluallv in a at the of lion of the Editor. I preceding twelve lines, in- 2lt utstmeitt ic 0ctcnrt, WEDNES ole JVb. 383. establishment of a of treasurer., and n >Je it hit Jijty to re- ceive keep lhal money of tbe United and at all (times to lubmit to tbe Secretary of the Trniury and the Comptrol- amount of received by onBtitutienall treasury, in which the public money shall pe kept, I deaire (hat adequate rovision by law for its safety, and t tbejieveral parties into whicb bat all discrelioa or cintrol over ler, or either oF them, the lha moneys in hands. banks, national or stata, while tha of the ieclli the' capital of the we be used as a substitute one ra and cents En of in the constitution; operatives or labor as keepers of tbe pu and eleven dol cofTsiileiati af frojri tkfe fact, that a that lUne there was no banks of limited cap tal existed in the coun or of qualily and low pri tit mai'sat.of the people, are, subjected by it to heavy tax- articles of finer qualify and hijb- ,.-i or of luxury, which can be '.to opulent, are lightly taxed It .'.ifi and unjust burdens on the p'.an'.er, ths comrnarcial man, and ,f other tha ci pi- r.aJ made his investment! in n an- Alii toe great interests of the' not, aa nearly as may be prj cti- iqai'.iy pratecleil by it. j-_, in thaory. knows no iis- or claaies, and sh upon same favors and privileges, I otritrs may not It wa i'nem ai far as they ca imposing bnrdans on under any .oa, eirn within the he in fa.vor of th and gf this, DO v.niertce and. lots v lie (ro.m it H u'd I in a foreign war, I would have bean R have resulted in ej The pabhc mane with the private f all, er be used for it ii' placed in ban effect loaned to Ih loaned by them up ions of public mooey iu orvrnrbept was brought y, and the public credit of Iheir inabili- pay, on demand, to the thw-onl.y currency ution. Tbeir failure oc f peace, and great incon- ere nifTeied by tLe pub- la country been involved si irrronrenience and Ipit neb greater, and raighl public f should not b.e nds of banks or individu- privale purposes. W'hen s for safekeeping, il is m wittou-C and is interest to [he borrow- he public money ia epn lot in- verted into bankin capital, and it used and o private profit of' bank whin called for. Cat war it.may be in the o icdien- strong ers from thsm. inltrtili Thi a! ir.iiiifi.-i ui ot up sianLlarJ. will ic ricommand lo Conprets the ibo .ivaimijm or assumed, a ir.d fj'if an.l of specifiic Jut r.t in ib ii tbe fjirest place of ad and most equit c'. tax which be' imposed in principle, all articles ar :o tiiei; cost or value, ai .1 are o.' inferior qualify, er bear the just proportion a which uction iiris'ien am far lo the i be to other lyateni roven- manu- er in- slack lha c Ibe b ins i for are of superior qvalily or ion of es, and OWJI )le in- By the taxed tbose small he tax const tion ey pa rarte conlr Baaks which d by all m of td Hiscrim- a n d a in II afford often their thus or la used ou.l l bank neat the lion se in'1837, J i rowers fro: i the banks, initead of (he-public t ulion. Tu d into t to private 1 of the go eamry contemplated by the i framert ol' the contlitu ould navar lave intended thti th.e mon easury should ihuf con jse, and placed beyond Ihe J-.-iirr roil The articlsi; con'ium M 'J.e sMiit rate. A syal u levrr.uie dutiee, wilh proper tnii prop.-r guarda against 13 it is not doubled, T ur.denial ailvanlages to thelrnannfac- anJ enable them to derive] aa great r ii can derived from any other reg- nt.i. It ii believed thsjl inch a 1 I'.ncliy within the revenue [standard, av-p iB'e manufacturing on a footing, and inure to their permanent it will., as nearljl as may r.-aci.cikle, extend to, all Ihe griat inter- tf ;ht country, the incidental pratec- can afforded by our revenue Such a system, when once (irmly el- would be permanent, and nut be ia.'c'i lo the constant c- "ir.jei which mast ocean, when du- a0[ ror but fir 'pro- merely' of a favored interelt. J'n 'he of Congress on this. it ft hoped that a spirit j of mutual and compromite betwein coaflict- lnt may prevail, and that r.sylt labors may cYo'wned with the consequences. I 'he constitution of the United Statts it j1 that no msmay abalj drawn treasury but in conseqdence ef ap- by law." A iabfie trea- undoubtedly contemplated and inten- Io D8 created, in whicb the pliblic money be fr.m tb, period olf needed for public ases. Ill the eollee- 1011 diskunernent ot. (i.ijblic money empliiyed by law, lucl, as ware appointed b> the gov.rn- directly r.sporufbl. t. it, ind under id Ih pri ernmeut.; old the public money ai templed, by'a desire of gain, lo extent loans, increase Iheir circulation, an stimulate, if not pioduce a spirit o and extravagance, whicb soone er must res ill in ruin to .Ibousapds. 1 ublic money be net permitted to thu but ba kep in treasury and pai ibe public creditors in gold and silver inptation a'forded by desposite wit Io an undie cxpariiion of iheir bus wauld be the amount o constitnlion 1 lefl in circula would nlirged by its employmen ections.and diaburtemt ij! hemselvei would, in cense in the public col ike banks ice be found i l present, S t shall except as may be acettary in directing diibursenient in pur- uance of appropriations made by law. 'TJndar our] preaent land limiting be aiininurn price at which the public lands an be entered to one-dollar and twenty-fire enla per acje, iBrje quantities of lindt of nferior quality remain uacold, because they Jioti coirJmand lhat price. From the re- ords' of thai Genera! LaYid Office it appears, hat 3 of thel public untold in he. States and Territories in which hey are ait lated, tbirty-afne millions one lundred and five thousand five hundred and eventy-tev( n acrat been in the market, ubject ti e itry more than twenty yean orty-nine .six hundred and thirty- ijjht thouiand six and forty-four acres for mtre than fifteen years teventy- hree millions seventy-four thousand and lix hundred for more than ten years; and one hundred and six millions one hundred and thousand nine hundred and sixty- one a'cres for more than five yean. Much ,he largest portion of these lands will contin- ue to bff unsaleable Bt the'minimum price at which Ibev are permitted to so long laree tarritoplea- of Ian.rls from whicb th mrtre porttona hafe not been select- ed are annually brnupht into market by Ibe 'orernmenr. With view to (he sale anc settlement oT these iiiferiar lands, 1 jerom trend thatjthe price be. graduated rerlncet hfllow lha present minimum confinin) the sales'it the reduced prices tb'irtllers cultivator in limited.quantiiiet If graUu atcd and leduced in price for a term to one dollar per acre, and jffter the eXpira tion of th it period for a aecond and third term r j lo lower'lates, a large portion of would many, worthy cili zens. whc to pay bibber rales "purchase homes for themselves onw under the erintendtnce. aud care relent syitem, urilb the crdinary have no proper or nal- :ommend of d tbat these: lands be ceil under the tup irintendenee and man- eat of the Gene al Ltii'l Office, at other I c lands, ani I rough! into market and upo'n such ten it ai Congrtss in their wisdam miy reterring to the go- vern nent an equitable per cenlage of Che amount of mineral product, and lhat re-'emplion principle be_ extended lo iden miners and sellrers upon them, al the minimum price wbiqh'may be established by I d t ri e prominent objects ol national interest. orders we e given during the past un tner for concent refer you to the Secretary of Wl the present sil prralioris during ur defences th and our reli suggestion crease of my in its tbe officer ty in a which ba with proT its efl for their abject tbe in ciency, and a greater acana eonent. paat yeai and nen have par for mad their du taliif clory manner. The orderi a bat i given been executed ptnei ften ieadil tka u than has Sag was Mtxieo, It ii fspi standing no act wi of an ir act ef adgrei of the idua'dri conform! duty, ha ceintribu and fidelity. A larger force irmeri one squrdron under oar concentrated in lha Gulf of arently witlieut uniitutl-eSort. to bt observed (bat aotwith- on of sa conaiderabla a force, Mississippi, and affset the ralue of Ibe argri- enltnri] prodBfti.of enVire TiHejr "if migbry river end ite tribtffaries.' U baa never benn policy T0 itanding ttmiet in of jStce." are contrary to ibe cvnios of onr free ions, would impose heavy boidenl OB xople, end b> dangerous to public liberty. Our reliance for protection and defence be land mutt he mainly on oor ciliren diets, who will be ever they been ready in .past, to roth with alacrity at the call of their Country to bcr defence. This description of force, however, defend our ceait, barbers, and inland nor protect onr commerce on tbe ocean or the Theie mutt by ear navy. Considering increased nara.1 force, tod especially of steam eorreBponelisn aur growth and importsnce as nation, and proportioned to the increased and increas- ing- naval power of other nations, of im- portano aa reearda our aafety, and the great and growing intetrsti to be protected by it, I recommend The tai ideration of Congress. The report the Postmajiter General here> with comcnlinicated contains >lelsiled statl- mrnt of the eperations of his department dmin; the pnit year It will be seen tbat lha fiom postages will fall ihort -of the ezprnditarei for tae year between one and two of do'lars Thii djefiriency has been rauifH by tha rtdatliam of of pottage, which was made by the act of the third of March last. Ha principle has been mere jenerslly acquiesced in by the peo- ple than thst this'drparlment should instain ilself by linnitirg its to in- come. Congresi has never Bought to make it a source of ravenne for general purposes, except for a ihort'peried durinj the'lait war power could jCjanstrue as an n j ind that trie commander and in strict Ih their holding er re.ady for, tbe most active accompanying report of F, for information reapec- lalion of the army, and the past year; tbe elate condition of the pvulio-t'that our ships war have keen dis- ;wilh Great Britain, nor should it ever be- come a charge on the general treasury. If Congreit aball adbere this principle I think they ought, it will be ntcetiary cither lo curtail the pretrat mail trrvice, so as to reduce the expenditures, or to lo modify tha milted even the jealousy J act of tbe third of March last ta improve ila revenuea. The vxtenaion of mail additional facilities which will be ealHrnded by Ihe rapid extension and increase of population on our western frontier, will not admit of such curtailment will materially reduce present expenditures. In adjustment of tbe tariff of intareeta of the peopla demand, that ihe re arlieVed the still purer of the preservation of peace. It ia belialtd thltjnt all our foreign stations the honor of our has been maintained, and loweat rates ba adapted which will produce tribes within o yo contained in liens with tbe various In- ir liariits or upon ourbor- attehtioa to augges- hal report, in relation to cy of gr eral ex't may ter whether Indian t the time by expt nations of purchatera and olhfer cauies, a very small quantity of the public lands, extlngunhed at has'been found when sn ,d at public a higher nrice than the. minimum rate eilnblithed by la'w. howeve an rti.s western front e widely diiper ating a military force on of Taxaa, our troops occupying .p The prompt a ch an army, em wh jieac.e establisbmen jsta remote from each eth- d expeditioaa manner in racia'g more than half he officers wb col ion of thoae ipline of thd. nglb to protect ilory of Texi ed, and in small detach- wag drawn together on emergency so sudden, reflects: great credit were intrusted with rders, aa well as upop the arm'y itself. To be in and defend the peopla and in the event uld commence nostili'.ice, or invade her territories with a lajirgi army which she threat- d, I authorized (the general assigned to the i a so far k sounder condition fo te banks are i-mployVd as but without adequate regulation aw, wherebj tbe public muny can be se- ajunst th i casualilies and excesses, re- ions', auspe and defalcations, to ch, from ovi r .issues, overtrading, an in- nate desire lor gain, or other causes, they constanl-ly' 'he settlers on the publ'ic lands are, but rarely all la to secure their homes arid at the public salea at tuat -ale because these combinations, by means i f the capita! ihey command, and their snp.-no ability to purchase, render it impoi r the to compete with them in the maiket. By putting down all competi- tion, pese combinations of capitaliita and specula exposed The "Secrelsry of Treasury has in all cates, when it was ticable, laksn collateral accurity for the the Ian tetlleri ment, or C'gt ity to paid I the "trol The ,af. Beeping ol be lo a p 'I. "sktad by Uw, and und.r Ii "d II to' lt of the ahuuld be ik. f.P and as la Publ ic money which ir. The. first Congress under blic public treasu- ba imagined ution eaulii ping of to of fQr de ites as were loaite binkl urity, and o ount which bold-, by the pledge of nj0nee cks of Wnited or aucb of the n good credit. Snme of the. lave given this description of hers have declined to do so. the opinion that Ihe "srpara- n of ihe mom rsoflhe government from bank- inslitutioas is for Ihe safe- of 'fundi of Ibe government and tha hti of.the I reeummeBd to Con- ess that provision be made by law for such paiation, anc lhat a constitutional treasury created for the safe-keeping of the pub- money. T ie constitutional treasury re- mniended is lesigned as a secure deposito- for the pub ic money; wiihoul any power make loans of discounts, or to issue any piper whatev.r as a currency or circulation. I cannot doubt bat such a treasury as con- ne constitution, should be in- The of tb' peeple should kept in tbe ino r4aaury of th the custody tooatitution derne gers, the s in tht them d foi of eu mplsted by dependent of' i II corporations. [pibli iquati to the i bonds severe pun irivate. use, funds, and Cor terfoim Ikeu lie or their g not to trai prople and be of agentt of- IheVileople chosen la of the. who1 are directly respon- ;overnm'ent, who ara under ad- ind oaths, and who are subject Bbraents for any by tbenaselvai Ir misapplication of the public [any failure in other respects to duties. To say tbat the vernment are incompftcnt or, [ed with, the cuslody of their own money, i i their own Ueasury provided but must icly on the presi- dents, casliien, and stockholders- of banking corporalioni, not appointed by them, nor re- sponsible to jhem, would be, to concede' that they are incompetent for lelf-foverrment. ara usually enabled lo purchase s, including Ibe improvements of Ihe at the minimum price of the govern- nil- either tarn Ihem out of their homes t from them, according their abil- par, double or quadruple tba amount r them lo government. Il ii jardriae and persev'alraiice of .ihe hardy s ,the Wast, who penetrate the s With tbeir-families, suffer the dan ba Urivaliojryt, and hardships atlendin o( a new country, and pre ie way for the body of emigrants whn of a few yean, usually that we are, great degree, inriebl thel rapid extension and aggrandizement hardj ready to conntry. icrjence has prohred that no portion.o pulation are more patriotic than th and brave men of.'the frontier, or mor de lo my of occupation to make itional lofces from several nmand of the a nisitiont for ad( the Slates nvarefit the Texiri territory, and ich could molt tinguit I am time fi at Ihe with it of our are no> and al inferio it has portal ad for ppy ppl toNl sat ired. .iheir goad and order, add that the diaplay of mari- thirty dly gover seco o di4 to ni strib Kroug rears ich could most furnish them, in his opinion, L larger force thin lhal un- his command, nd the auxiliary aid which, like circum was authorized ri-cnive from ahould be required e contingency tntin whirh the exercise of and a create navy ou will b of dei ;nce. Th succ ocfea.n h: war revenue lo meet Ibe expendi- tures of tbe department. 1 invite the atlan- tioa af Congress to the suegrstioas of the ich was requiredfby Fostmister Generil on this subject, under the r, has been made whwlly wirh- belief lhat such a modification of the late ppraprialions for law may be made at will yield sufficient re- no additional appropriations venue wiihout further calls on the treasury, [and wilh very change in the present rales of postage. Proper measures hnve been taken, in pur- suance of the act of the third of March '.asl, for Ihe establishment of lines of vail sleam- eta between this and foreign coantriea. importance of this service commends itself strongly to favorable consideration. Wilb the growth of our country, ibe pub- lic business whicb devolves on tie heads of tree of United States, and the n ivigating interest, have steadily icreaced the organization ment, unlit, it it believtd, we d to but-one Power in the werld, ant day, we shall probably be ne. Exposed at they must be, wise policy lo arTord to three im- protection with thipt of t4is great hiehways of i several Executive Departments bat greatly in- th s authority depended, has not oeci Tne circumttancep under which" two Jilrs of State artillery from Ibe city ?Heans were sen! into Texas', and j n i: to.the service nded, has not occurred two eompa- f New mustered f.lhe C Ailed States, are lly stated 'in the report of the Secretary of ar. I recommjind to Corigreis provi- onvbe made for the paymelnt of these troops, well as a small Texan vajun- ers, whom general thought it icessary to receive or mmter into onrjaervice During the I a sit tiimmer, the first regiment f dragoons made extensive through to obey the- rail of their country, an and her rehla and her honor, whenei er am by whatever dnemy assailed. They thoul'd be protected thejraiping tpeci- lator[ and secured at the- minimum price t f the ublic lands, in the humble homes which they have improved by their labor. thii ry islf bee vat rate era be of tail Ibe lea lo cit mu mu ind in view, all vexatious or ttriclioni imposed upon lham by tbe pre-emption laws, should be repealed odirted. It is the true policy of the'jo- nenl la afford, facilitias to its citizens .lo me tha of small of our public domain at low and moder ta to system of "mans'ing the m of the Un'ited Slates is dically defective. -More t'ian a mill :ret of publjc landw, supposed to c lead and other minerals', have been ad from eale, ana numerous haive been granted to pulnted renjt, 'Tha system of grant ng has proreii to'be not only unprofitable government, but unsatisfactory to ens who hare gone iipnn the lands, anil if coBtinued.i lay tbe 'loundalion af i future difficulty betwtia the goveirn- ie Indian ceun iem advancing a Hudson's Ba part as Tar as ry on our borders, a part of nenrly to tbe of r Company in the north, and be South Past of tfia Rock; ivuntainfl, and liry streams of 'he exhibition i ie head waters of the Iribu- the Colorado of Ihe West f ibis military force amang ie Indian tribes in those distant regions, and ie councils belli with them by the command- s of the axpejdiliiins, it is bel.ieved, -.rill tare, a salutary rorri hostilities jaining friendl; ha" United Sut; ne of these exc >f Secreltr War influence in reil among themselv relations betwe ing them ind main- tbeni and s.- An intereiting account of rtions accompanies the report of War. Under I tie direct- lepartment, Brevet Capt.Fre- noat, cojpa of topographical engineers, nas been employed tince 1642 in exploring the country west ol Ibe Mittissippi, and, beyond he Rocky Mountains. Two expeditions, have already ta a close, and the -re- lorts of lhat scientific and enterprising offi- cer have furnished much interesting and valua- ble inforrnatiorj. Ha is now engaged in a bird expadilioh; but it is not expected that arduous will be completed in leitan enable me, to communicate tbe ra- lult lo Congreia.ttt the present session. Our with the Indian tribes are of a favorable character. The policy of remo- ving them lo i country designed for Ihtir per manent resilience, west of the) Missitaippi and limits of the organized and is better appreciated by them than it wat a fevr years ago; while education is now atUndtd to, and Ihe of civil- zed lift are giiniag ground among out the world. For mere i than appropriations, have been made, expended, far the gradual ja- nuillj of OBJ naval In our erferrjis the important duly of protect- comr lercr and, in the of war, has been, a molt efficient means stful of steam navigation on t been, followed by the introducr steimen in great and increasing rs int i tbe navies of .the principal mfcr ritimf Pew 'rs ef world. A itftrf tifety te an efficient protection large ind increasing commerce taspon ing increase von .aur part. 'No country bat greater facilitiea for eonatrDC-- of tbia desaription than onrs, or en pronJise itself greater creased. In some respects, Ihe distribution of duties among them seems to incongru- ous, and many of might We wilh advantage to tba more auspiciout tima from one lo another public interrsta. A for consideration of this subject by COM-' gress, with a view to tyitem in the orginiza- lion of several deparlnnenta, and a division of the public will not probably occur. moil important -duties of, tbe Slate Department relate to aor foreign afoirs. By Ihe great enlargement of the fs'mily af increase of our andithe corres- 'Jponding exteHBian of our consular lyjteet, biiiinetl of thii department been greatly increased. In ita present organization, many .duliei of a domestic nature, and consisting of celaila, devolved on the Secretary tbeirj aanplayment. They admirably j-.Slate, which da not appropriately belong to darned tojthe protection of our commerce, to thle Tapil tranimisiion of intelligence, and to coait defence. In pursuance of the polirf of a grndusl increase of our navy. sapplfea of live oak limber, and other foreign denartment of government, and may properly be transferred (o taeae oth- er deparlment One of grows opt Ihe preeinl state of tbe law concerning tha Pateisl a few years, eince. materials lor ahip bailding, collect- snbctrdiniie clerkship, bat haa" become a d, Ind art now under shelter and in a ante j distinct bureau of grert importance. Wiln of fjerbd rlreanrvation, tyvhile iron steamart can Ibe built wilh (rial facility in various of lie Union. uae ef iron is material, especially ill the construction of ateajners, fevhich enter with safety raany of baobort along our coast now inacces- sibly te viaiels' of greater draught, and praJliesb teribr, it >ngly reeommendt that libtrtl pronriatiq is should be made for this ntjobjec policy in whin the pin inte must :ife. gra Iliona J ily of eanalructing them in jin- Whatever miy have aeen our earliar atageB of goveinment, nation in infancy, our skip- ests and commerce comparatively mill, ou resources limited, our population sparse I icarcelj extending beyond li- nlijs of ie original thirteen States, that po- ke etseutially different naw that wa t an excellanl internal organization, it is still connected with the Srale Department. In trins.irtion of its (miners, questions ol much importance lo to llha communily, frequently ariae, whicb, by exilt- ing'lawa, arfr for deciaion to aboard, of which the Secretary of Slate is a number. Thete are legal, and tbe connexion which now exists between the Slate Depart- meat and Patent Office, may, with great propriety and be iraniferrcd te Ibe Atlarney General. In his lait annual manage, to Mr. Madison invited attention tea proper pro- vision (or tbe Attorney an im- portant impravemant io tha executive etiab- liabrnent" recommendation rtpaat- ed by of hit Tbe official duties, of Attorney General have aeen much increased within a few and hai hacoraa one of great importance. Hit may be still furibai increased with advaiilagej to public inlereala. Alan ex- ecutive officer, hit residence and constant at the teat of government re- quired. Legal questions involving important and large amounts of public money, conitaotly referred ta dim by Presi- dent and executive for bis exan- inatKin and decision. publie under official management before ju- diciary bean to augmented by exten- sion of our territary, and tha of Con- gress authorizing against the United for large bodies of valuable pnblic n from three lo rjiore than twenty f our commerce, car- rilajd in oir own ships, ia found in evary sea, ai II thm.tor territorial boundaries and rrinls halve baen so graallr expanded. Nei- tW ir nor onr long line ef coatt the oJean and on lakes, can ba iBfcest- ly agririit foreign ajgrestion man i of fertineationi Thaie itial at important commercial and litary points, but air chief reliance far obj ct must be aa i well organized, effi- ent na y. The resulting from tuoh nary I re jiot confined to tha Atlantic T ie. pi idulctioni ef tbe inferior which marki ajbroail, directly dependent on ly and frefajom oC ear upation of the New Or- landa. aa greatly to increase and bjr a force wjuld embarrass, if I responsibilities. I therefore recommend that nite, the whole export of the Attorney Central placed on the ;