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Titusville Herald (Newspaper) - June 2, 1978, Titusville, Pennsylvania Thundershowers GOOD MORNING It will be partly cloudy with thun dershowers today and Saturday m the Oil Creek Valley High today 80 Low tonight 50 High Saturday 70 TWENTY CENTS News and Advertising Pipeline Into the Oil Creek Valley TITUSVILLE PA FRIDAY MORNING JUNE 21978 THK DRAKE WFLLIH59 Russians Bugging American Embassy WASHINGTON AP Elec tronic devices of an intelligence gathering nature were discovered in a chimney of the US Embassy in Moscow earlier this week administration of ficials said Thursday night One official who asked not to be named said the espionage equipment represented a fairly serious penetration of our em bassy He said the electronic gear was apparently regularly maintained by Soviet technicians who en tered the embassy by crawling then Victories for US Do Not Show Up WASHINGTON AP Twenty years ago mapmakers painted Africa in a few bright colors to show the dominions of he colonial powers who held control of virtually all the con tinent Now it is not so simple African nations today proclaim their resistance to alignment with the superpowers They say they do not go communist or sign alliances with the West So when American diplomacy scores some quiet successes amid the din of Soviet and Cuban military involvement as has happened in Guinea and the Congo nothing shows up on the score board of EastWest competition Similarly the apparent movement of a country like Angola into the Soviet camp conceals the complexity of its relations with the rest of the world Angola despite the presence of 20000 Cuban troops and the lack of diplomatic recognition from Washington has foreign aid relationships with several Western nations including Sweden and Italy It still has many ties to Portugal its old colonial master and permits exensive oil operations by two US corporations Gulf Oil Corp and Texaco Inc The Marxist government has publicly invited other American oil companies to invest and privately signaled that it would like to normalize relations with the United States Nearly all of Africas 50 nations proclaim themselves non aiigned In reality the nonaligned countries fall along a spec trum Some have closer ties to the East or West than others But all take their nonalignment seriously and object vigorously to assertions that they are satellites or that Africa is or should be merely an arena for EastWest competition These countries are fundamentally nationalistThey have struggled long and hard to be free and theyre not interested in exchanging one form of colonialism for another says Randall Robinson the director of a new Washingtonbased organization called TransAfrica a black American group which lobbies for African countries in much the same way that American Jewish organizations lobby for Israel The most obvious areas of Soviet and Cuban influence are Angola and Ethiopia where all but a few hundred of the esti mated 38000 to 40000 Cuban troops in Africa are stationed There are also Cuban or Soviet technicians and advisers in 14 other countries according to American intelligence estimates They include Mozambique Tanzania Algeria Libya and Uganda State Department officials speaking privately cite several patterns behind the emergence of communist influence Several countries such as Algeria Mozambique and Angola fought long and bitter wars to free themselves of Western colonial rule So they began their national existences in conflict with the West and the Soviets took advantage of those feelings to build their influence In other countries including Uganda Libya Ethiopia Equa torial Guinea and the Congo indigenous forces brought to power rulers who veered to the left and again provided opportunities for Soviet influence to grow Chinese Refugees Fleeing Vietnam HONG KONG AP Chinese refugees fleeing Vietnam are trading the prospect of back breaking work as a hated minority in fields there for a meager farm life in China Western diplomats said Thur sday For a Chinese merchant being forced into a farm com munetype existence is terrible no matter where But they prefer to do it in China where they are not a hated minority rather than in Vietnam where no matter Bridge Deadline Battled PITTSBURGH AP A floating derrick lifted cut steel onto barges Thursday as the US Army Corps of Engineers raced to meet a Saturday deadline for reopening the Monongahela River to barge traffic The Brady Street Bridge scene of a tragic accident last week that cost iron worker Ralph his right left was dropped into the river Monday as part of an expedited demolition effort The river was closed to traffic under the bridge following the accident More than 400 barges have been stalled since May 23 on the Monongahela and Ohio rivers pending the spans removal Ive given the men a target of 5 pm Saturday that it must be open said Corps of Engineers District Engineer Col Max R Janeiro what they do theyll be looked down on said one Western diplomat who asked not to be identified Another Western official also preferring anonymity noted that China and Vietnam have been at war offandon for 2000 years and said I cant see the Chinese living in a commune where they have to compete with the Viet namese knowing who would get the short end of the stick Peking claims almost 90000 Chinese have fled Vietnam since a March 23 crackdown on private business saying many were beaten and robbed Hanoi denied the allegations and has requested formal talks to discuss the situation Peking has not responded In northern Vietnam under Communist domination since 1954 a Chinese merchant class has operated furniture antique noodle and other shops in the cities of Hanoi and Haiphong Because of this analysts said Chinese refugees from the north are used to the Communist system and will adapt more easily to life in China Chinese communes are well established and have such basic necessities as water housing and medical supplies But Vietnams new economic zones are farming areas being built from scratch in the countryside at a time when the countrys economy is in worse shape than it was during the Vietnam war This means less food medicine and construction supplies for residents forced out of Vietnams cities through a tunnel and climbing up the chimney The official said the electronic equipment which included an antenna was being analyzed He added that a damage assessment of possible in formation obtained by the Soviets was under way Thomas Reston the State De partments associate spokesman said earlier that the devices were found last Sunday and that a protest has been lodged with the Soviet Foreign Ministry in Moscow Reston however declined to give details about the devices or how they were found The electronic gear was dis covered during one of the routine security searches conducted regularly because of the history of Soviet espionage activity in volving the embassy one official said After finding the equipment American embassy officials fol lowed a cable down the chimney and through a tunnel that led to Soviet property he said There was regular physical penetration of the embassy by Soviets without the knowledge of the United States he said They would come through the tunnel and up the chimney A barrier was built in the tunnel near the embassys propery line to keep the Rus sians out he said Although the exact nature of the equipment was unknown the official said it apparently was not limited to eavesdropping devices Turnpike Safety Plan Eyed HARRISBURG AP The Pennsylvania Turnpike Com mission said Thursday it will launch a safety campaign this month to stop the trend of in creasing fatalities on the states only toll road State police and Turnpike safety personnel blame in attentiveness as a major factor in the increase of accidents Commission Chairman Jack Greenblat said at a press con ference at the Turnpikes Har risburg East interchange Our campaign will serve to remind motorists to take care and to stay alert as they drive Greenblat said the Commission will use bumper stickers placards at interchanges public service announcements and other similar techniques in the cam paign scheduled to begin by the end of June Turnpike statistics show 20 persons were killed in 19 acci dents during the first five months of this year For the same period in 1977 five fatalities were recorded The Commission is seeing a growing attitude on the part of the motoring public to ignore the 55mile speed limit This speeding in part may be re sponsible for the increase in ac cidents and deaths Greenblat said The Turnpikes safest year in recent history was 1976 when 19 fatalities occurred In 1977 the number rose to 29 There were no fatal accidents on the Turnpike during the recent Memorial Day weekend when 642839 vehicles used the 470mile highway Public Employees Right To Strike Backed by Panel HARRISBURG AP Public employees except guards at youth development centers should retain their right to strike under Pennsylvania Acts 111 and 195 a special commission said Thursday The recommendation was made in a 60page report com piled by the ninemember Gov ernors Study Commission on Public Employee Relations However the commissions minority recommended that the right to strike be eliminated for public employees who guard treat or nurse persons under the states care William Atkinson the com missions executive director refused to say how many mem bers voted to eliminate the right to strike for those workers because the commissions meetings were conducted in se cret Atkinson outlined what he considered the documents most important provisions at an af ternoon press conference Under the timetable in which collective bargaining took place House Approves Credits of Tuition Governor Tried To Block Contract ERIE Pa AP Gov Shapp sought to discourage a contract for a state liquor warehouse in northwestern Pennsylvania the chairman of the state Liquor Control Board testified Thurs day Shapp made the request in a phone conversation he initiated days after the PLCB recom mended that Codan Corp of Erie be given the contract Henry H Kaplan told a US District Court jury The governor said that he would prefer that the Codan contract would not come into being said Kaplan a govern ment witness in the trial of state Rep Robert E Bellomini ac cused of attempting to extort Codan He Shapp asked if we would reconsider it Kaplan testified I indicated it wouldnt be proper that our decision was based on solid fact Meanwhile Shapp told a re porter in Philadelphia that he intervened because he believed it would not be financially feasible to replace a statefunded warehouse for the region that went bankrupt The data that was supplied to Economic Outlook Improves WASHINGTON AP De spite worsening inflation the outlook for economic growth improved moderately in April government figures indicated Thursday The Commerce Departments index of leading indicators in creased 05 percent in April after declining 01 percent in March The index is designed to forecast economic activity but it often takes several months to establish a trend Government economists expect the economy to grow rapidly in the second quarter after declining slightly in the first three months of the year The growing economy has helped reduce the unemployment rate to 6 percent and a report on Friday will show whether it declined further in May The unemployment report also is expected to show that the total number of Americans employed increased to more than 100 million for the First time The government will also pro vide a further look at the inflation picture when it releases wholesale price figures for May also on Friday Economists are not expecting the report to show any improvement us to my office for review did not indicate any economic justification for opening a warehouse in the Erie area Shapp said told WCAU radio The governor was at ten ting the opening of the Metropolitan Opera Thursday night WASHINGTON AP A bill providing income tax credits of up to against the cost of college tuition and against private elementary and secon dary school tuition was passed 237158 by the House on Thurs day President Carter has threat ened to veto any such legislation and the close vote tended to confirm estimates that a veto could not be overridden But the House disregarding opponents arguments that pas sage would be a hoax not only passed the measure but wrote into it the new provision for lower school tuition a proposal which Carter has objected to most strongly That vote was 299194 The bill now goes to the Senate which traditionally has been more favorable to tuition The Senate Finance Committee has approved a measure for credits of up to The Housepassed measure would allow a taxpayer a tax credit for each student equal to 25 percent of college or other postsecondary tuition up to a total of this year in 1979 City Officials Fear Taxpayer Revolt WASHINGTON AP City officials are worried that Cali fornia voters will approve a drastic cut in property taxes next Tuesday touching off a ripple effect taxpayer revolt throughout the nation There are related lax meas ures in a number of slates Alan Beals executive director of the National League of Cities said of Proposition 13 a question on the California ballot We are concerned that ap proval in California will provide a boost to efforts across the country Beals said Efforts to impose strict tax limits or to abolish property levies completely are pending in a number of states besides California Housing inflation and the resultant increase in property tax bills are taking huge bites out of many family budgets and in state after state lawmakers are hearing strident calls for tax relief Leaders of the league of cities and the Municipal Finance Officers Association discussed on Thursday the national impact of approval of Proposition 13 the so called JarvisGann initiative The initiative is named after tax critic Howard Jarvis 75 a onetime newspaper publisher and munitions maker who now heads a landlords association and Paul Gann a retired realtor and tax reform activist The city officials warned that taxpayer efforts to impose ceil ings on property tax collections or to eliminate property taxes completely would bring chaotic cutbacks in government services and reduce the ability of governments to borrow money Proposition 13 has gained wide approval in public opinion polls State officials say that if it passes the result will be broad cuts in programs such as libraries special education and social services and in 1980 Congress then would consider whether to continue the program The credits for elementary and secondary tuition also would be at 25 percent but the maximums would be this year and in each of the next two years The cost to the US Treasury in lost taxes was estimated at million in the 1979 fiscal year beginning this Oct 1 billion in fiscal 1960 and billion in fiscal 1981 Supporters of the college tui tion credit argued it would pro vide overdue relief to middle income families coping with rising college costs but ineligible for most private and programs Guards Were Not At Posts PHILADELPHIA AP Two Holmes burg Prison guards were not at their posts when seven men escaped over a 40foot wall early this week according to reports published in two newspapers Thursday The Daily News and Evening Bulletin quoted unnamed police sources as saying the inmates may have had inside help The two guards were not identified and others may have been away from their posts at the time of the escape the newspapers said The two guards have refused to take lie detector tests the two nespapers reported Prisons Superintendent Ed mund Lyons was not available for comment on the reports and a police spokesman said he could neither confirm nor deny the newspapers reports All but one of the escapees were back in the 82yearold prison after five were captured without resistence Wednesday in a south Philadelphia home people had to be considering collective bargaining five and six months before the end of the school year We have recom mended that the timetable be shortened to 90 days said Atkinson The commission also suggested the 180day mandatory school year be waived and become a permissive subject of bargaining between two parties after a strike has begun Other commission proposals were that be allowed only after Wildcat Strike Continues By The Associated Press Some 6700 union miners re fused to work Thursday in sup port of pickets from two small western Pennsylvania soft coal companies protesting an un settled contract dispute United Mine Workers officials termed the walkout illegal and met with representatives of UMW Local 1880 to urge an end to the strike The present work stoppage is unwarranted unjustifiable and unauthorized said District 2 vice president Frank Kulish We are urging the miners to return to work The dispute began Wednesday when members of Local 1880 fanned out in the district with picket signs to show their frustration over contract talks with North Cambria Fuel Co The EP Bender Co another Cambria County producer was also targeted Both refuse to sign the nationwide agreement hammered out with soft coal operators after a 110day strike Were sorry that this had to happen said North Cambria spokesman attorney John Bonya of Indiana Pa Jts an un fortunate situation but its something we have no control over Russ Wheat Delayed MOSCOW AP Cool wet weather has delayed spring planting of Russian wheat rais ing prospects of a poor harvest and further purchases from the nonCommunist world Western agriculture experts said Thurs day In a country where summers are short the unusually late planting means the Soviets are running an increased risk that winter will set in before summer wheat is ripe the experts noted They could be in real trouble said a Western diplo mat who has analyzed the Rus sian wheat situation over several years Summer wheat accounts for about twothirds of the Soviet crop with the rest coming as winter apparently is in generally good shape this year according to early reports The experts said it is too early to forecast how the total Soviet crop will turn out for 1978 A very hot summer for example could bring the wheat to maturity in time despite the late planting they said But a poor harvest this year they said could create a situation like that in 1972 when sur prisingly large Soviet purchases of wheat and corn from the West helped send world prices soaring Lost Too Much Too Fast NEWARK NJ AP Tom Voglio at 6feet3 and 240 pounds was seven pounds too heavy for the Armys crack Ranger Corps So in three sweaty days working out at the YMCA he shed 12 pounds only to be told that was too much too soon Voglio an 18yearold from New City N Y dropped out of Mercy College in December to join the special Army unit He said that when he took his physical at the Armed Forces Examining and Entrance sta tion here on May 23 a coun selor told him if he lost the necessary weight in three days he could retake the physical Under the guidance of his father John a 14year Army veteran he went into intense training at a YMCA gym lost 12 pounds and returned to the examining station The Army said he had over done it Regulations put a threepound limit on weight loss per week Exceeding the guidelines can be detrimental to the indi viduals physical status said Capt David Korponai I know none of our doctors told him to come back in three days Thats too fast Lt Col Robert Hackett of the Stewart Army post in Newburgh NY said Voglio probably was told to come back in three days so he would be eligible for the shipping period before Memorial Day Korponai said Voglio still is eligible to enlist both parties fail to agree on one of six types of arbitration available The types are combinations of conventional arbitration procedures state Labor Relations Board be combined with the Bureau of Mediation into a sep arate threemember agency in dependent of the Department of Labor and Industry unions be required to give the public employer five days written notice of their intent to strike be allowed after they enjoin a public employees strike to order parties to binding ar bitration The commission also recom mended that police and fire employees retain collective bar gaining rights under Act 111 However it urged that public safety officers be prohibited from being represented by unions also representing persons other than public safely officers Atkinson said none of the rec ommendations were binding and that most would require new legislation ArabIsraeli Talks On Disarming Eyed UNITED NATIONS AP Israeli UN Ambassador Chaim Herzog called Thursday for an allembracing ArabIsraeli disarmament conference to break the vicious cycle of arms buildup in the Middle East Addressing the General As semblys special session on dis armament Herzog also said it is Israels hope and trust there will be a resumption of the IsraeliEgyptian peace ne gotiations broken off in January by Egypts President Anwar Sadat Referring to those unprece dented talks Herzog said Israel believes that a similar break through can and musl occur in the field of disarmament and that another momentous step can and must te taken to break the vicious cycle of the arms buildup in the Middle East While the present escalation continues the hope for peace remains remote It is therefore incumbent on the leaders of all states in the region to sit together and discuss proposals for a mutual and balanced reduction of forces in the Middle East Jusl hours earlier Herzog told a television interviewer he did not believe the UN dis armament conference would Alabama Senator Allen Dead at 65 GULF SHORES Ala AP US Sen James B Allen DAla died Thursday after suffering an apparent heart attack a friend of the family said Allen was 65 Allens death was confirmed by Mobile PressRegister State Editor Buddy Smith who said his wife was with Mrs Allen in the hospital chapel Ben Davis a longtime news State To Fight Ruling HARRISBURG AP Penn sylvania has asked the US Su preme Court to reaffirm that parents can commit their chil dren to mental hospitals without due process hearings In an appeal filed Wednesday the state Justice Department asked the high court to overturn a ruling last week by a threejudge federal pane The judges said the state must either provide the hearings for juvenile mental and mentally retarded patients within six months or release them The state contends the chil drens rights are adequately protected by a new state law and automatic hearings are un necessary The ruling applies to about 4 000 children under the age of 18 in Pennsylvania mental hospitals and institutions for the retarded said Deputy Attorney General Norman Watkins Patients over 18 are already protected by state due process laws covering in voluntary commitment Watkins said the young patients can have the hearings if they demand them Anyone in a mental facility has a right to challenge the basis for that admission he said Thursday He said children are covered by the 1976 Mental Health Procedures Act paper executive vacationing at Gulf Shores said witnesses told him Allen seemed to suffer a heart attack and then fell down stairs at a condominium He said the witnesses described Allen as looking ashen and in awfully bad shape and that paramedics had to get him breathing again Tom Coker an aide to Allen left Montgomery to go to South Baldwin Hospital in Foley where the senator was taken after some kind of attack Cokers wife said Allen was a leader among foes of the two Panama Canal treaties that were approved by the Senate March 16 and April 18 Because he frequently held the Senate floor for hours on end during the debate his voice became known to millions who listened to the live broadcast of the proceedings on National Public Radio The senator consistently re ferred to Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos as Dictator Torrijos a characterization known to have angered Torrijos He offered few legislative proposals of his own and was probably the most conservative figure among Senate Democrats in recent years produce anything and that his country would ask the United States for more arms He also said on NBCs Today program that for almost two years after the 1973 Mideast War a 3000man Cuban armored brigade was stationed on Syrias Golan Heights facing Israeli troops A previous mention of such a Cuban force was made in Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayans autobiography but the book provided no details Stud Tire Attempt Defeated HARRISBURG APj An other bid to permit the limited use of studded snow tires failed Thursday in the Senate Trans portation Committee But the panel agreed to an amendment to the Motor Vehicle Code that would exempt persons 18 years old and over from the mandatory motorcycle helmet law The committee rejected by a 1U5 vote the studded tire amendment proposed by Sen Clarence Bell RDelaware It would have permitted school buses ambulances fire engines and other emergency vehicles lo use the studded tires The studs were banned alter April 30 in Pennsylvania The state Transportation Department conlends they cause about million a year in road damage Scaffolding Suits Filed ST MARYS WVa Suits seeking million in dam ages were filed Thursday by two women whose husband were among 51 men who fell to their deaths April 27 when scaffolding collapsed inside a power com pany cooling tower The suits the first in con nection with the Willow Island disaster were filed in circuit court by Lola P Cross widow of Thomas E Cross and Betty Hendrickson widow of Claude J Hendrickson both of St Marys They named Monongahela Power Co which owns the Wil low Island plant Monongahelas parent company the Allegheny Power System Criss Concrete Co a Parkersburg firm which supplied concrete for the tower United Engineers and Con structors inc the Philadelphia firm building the power plant and Pittsburgh Testing Laboratory which also was in volved in the construction No Surprises Seen WASHINGTON AP The Justice Department will not use the authority of a new Supreme Court decision to launch surprise searches of newspaper offices Deputy Attorney General Ben jamin A Civiletti said Thursday Civiletti said in criminal cases the government will try to obtain information from news organizations through subpoenas before seeking a search warrant He said that was in keeping with the policy already in effect under Attorney General Griffin B Bell However Civiletti acknowl edged the Justice Department has no control over local police forces that may wish to obtain information from news organ izations The Supreme Court ruled Wednesday that the First Amendment provides no special protection to the press from po 1ce searches meaning police may get search warrants for newspaper offices without giving the newspapers any warning The court in the 53 decision held that police are under no legal obligation to first seek a subpoena ordering a newspaper and by extension all other news media to surrender certain material
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