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Titusville Herald (Newspaper) - October 16, 1945, Titusville, Pennsylvania Weather CLOUDS AND WARMER Details on Fate FOUR CENTS Established June Daily Paper in the Oil Paid Circulation More Than 6600 Copies Daily vol si NO IDS TITUSVILLE PA TUESDAY MORNING OCTOBER 16 1945 Published In Titusville Pa Birthplace of the Oil and Natural Gas Industry CT Means Associated Press Original Drake WcU Demobilizing Of Japanese Army Is Done On Schedule Evidence Revealed Allied Prisoners Were Used by Japs As Bayonet Targets By The Associated Press TOKYO Oct formally completed her gigantic military de mobilization today without fanfare and right on only six weeks after her surrender in Tokyo Bay It was the end of a long and brutal cycle For the first time in their tumultu ous history these islands were with out an armed copbat force and al ready political figures were moving to the democratic revolutionary changes in national life dictated by the conquering Allies Nearly 4000000 soldiers and sailors in Nippon have been quietly dismissed and sent home Some 3800000 others overseas have been mostly stripped of their weapons in a few cases where they are serving Allied are be ing slowly brought back to Japan The process will require an estimated three years dueto shortage of transporta tion Thirtythousand Navy men are re maining on duty to man the home bound shipping A few thousand of the Army and Navy here will remain on active duty serving the Allies The last equipment should be in American hands early in November Now Civilian Agencies The once great and proud Army and Navy Ministries as of today be came civilian agencies known merely as ministries for demobilization The officers and men who remain still wear their uniforms solely be cause they have no other clothing and can get none They retain no Insignia and are known only as liasion officers for demobilization The anticlimactic end of a military machine which for years had made all Asia shudder came even as new evi dence was disSfssed of the blood thirsty methods it employed This was the use of living Allied prisoners as bayonet practice targets atrocity often reported in the past but now fully confirmed by Gen eral MacArthurs headquarters A report from the hithertosecret Allied Translation and Interrogation Section uncovered evidence of one such atrocity on Guadalcanal where Allied officer prisoners were forced to stand for six and onehalf hours and watch Japanese troops slash and stab the writhing bodies of two Europeans and one Eurasian The report said enlisted prisoners were paraded past the scene periodi cally The same report contained ac counis of similar bayoneting of liv ff prisoners in China between March 1941 and October 1943 along with swift Chinese reprisals which caused some Japanese officers to abolish the practice in terror Veterans of the forces that received such clogged the roads and trains of Japan today as they have for weeks bound for their farms or ruined cities with as much as in musteringout pay for their years of service This was the end of the modern military force which was organized in 1871 and which had enforced conscrip tion since 1872 A special fiveday session of the Diet Parliament will open this week to study the MacArthur program for reform of the nation the Domei agency said Another session in December will consider revision of the election laws one of MacArthurs demands Revision of the Constitution already was being studied and all political activities were increasing Jap Discloses Plan for Hitler To Flee Reich LONDON Oct Reuters dispatch from Tokyo tonight said a former Japanese Navy staff officer had told details of a plan for Hit ler to escape to Japan with Eva Braun The dispatch said a Japanese offi cer attended a secret meeting in Tokyo on March 3 1945 when final arrangements were made for the res cue of Hitler and his former secretary whom he reportedly married shortly before the fall of Berlin The dispatch continued Hitler had promised the Japanese that if they provided a safe refuge for himself and Eva Braun he would give them plans which he guaranteed would win the war in the Pacific the Japanese officer said Hitler also asked for and was giv en an assurance by the Japanese Im perial Staff that after the Japanese had conquered Australia and America they would help him regain control of Europe so that between them Ger many and Japan could rule the world The Navy officer said at Hitlers request apparently because he had readied the stage where he could trust no one in Berlin a Japanese submarine was sent to pick him up The submarine loft Yokohama at dawn March 5 and headed for Ham burg It never reached Its destina tion and its fate Is still unknown the dispatch said GUARD TO BE 5000 HARRISBURG Oct tcimncc of the State Guard at its full strength of 0000 mon was ordered to day by Governor Martin MacArthur Praises Conduct Of American Troops in Japan RV The Associated Prest TOKYO Tuesday Oct MacArthur triumphantly announced today the demobilization of Japans once great Army and Navy had been completed prajsed magnificent con duct of American troops and spoke strongly for a unified American mili tary command The supreme Allied commander in a speech prepared for worldwide broad cast added that defeated and dev astated Japan would need much time and great patience from the entire world to restore the dignity and free dom of the common man in the is land empire MacArthur said that for the first time American soldiers of the occupa tion forces had given the Japanese people an insight into a free mans way of life in actual action and it stunned them into new thoughts and new ideas Revolution or more properly speak ing the evolution which will restore the dignity and freedom ofthe com mon man has begun he said It will tate much time and require great patience but if world public opinion will permit of these two essential fac tors mankind will be repaid Herein lies the way to true and final peace MacArthurs broadcast was described at headquarters as a discussion of the military phases of the occupation It also was interpreted here as an answer to critics who have charged the su preme commander has been too soft in handling the Japanese Today Japanese armed forces throughout Japan completed thende mobilization and ceased to exist as such MacArthur said These forces now are completely abolished I know of no demobilization in history either in war or peace by our own or by any other country that has been accomplished so rapidly or so friction essly More than 7000000 Japanese in the home islands and outlying areas have laid down their arms MacArthur said Britain Extends Wartime Rules For Five Years Approved 258 to 239 By Commons Despite Conservative Battle By The Associated Press LONDON Oct House of Commons beating off a vigorous at tack by the Conservative opposition tonight voted 258 to 139 to extend the Labor Governments wartime con trols for five years Earlier the House had rejected 306 to 183 a Conservative party amend ment limiting the wartime controls to a maximum of two years Former Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden who led the Conservative fight in the absence of former Prime Min ister Winston Churchill who is ill declared during the tdebate that the powers asked by the Labor ment are such as no government has ever before asked for in times of peace Eden declared that he did not think any government should ask the House for such powers tointerfere with the daily life of citizens without reference to Parliament a reasonable in terval Eden pointed out that when the bill was put forward by the coalition the war with Japan was still on and it was estimated it could last for 18 months longer he said there was to be a period of six months during which these powers should run The position is different however with the Japanese war over Eden said that under these cir cumstances Conservatives suggested for two years Come back he declared at the end of that period to Parliament which is still sovereign in this coun try Report to us then on the situa tion and make your demands if these are necessary That seems a reason able proposal to make The controls give the Government broad powers over the nations eco nomic life even to the virtual draft ing of labor Under its authority men were sent into the mines Any person seeking work must register with the Labor Exchange and take whatever job is offered They extend to the regulation of prices of food clothing labor build ing materials cafe meals and other services and permit the Government to requisition housing This last power was used mainly to provide billets for troops and shelter persons bombed out of their homes 3 Sentenced to Death In Weisbaden Trial WTESBADEN Germany Oct American military tribunal tonight condemned three men to death and sentenced three other men and one woman to long prison terms for the murder of more than 400 Rus sians and Poles at Hadamar insane asylum Condemned to die were Alfons Klein former administrative head of the murder asylum and a former member of both the S A and Nazi party Heintrich Ruoff and Karl Willig asylum attendants who admitted ad ministering deadly doses of morphine to hundreds of victims Adolf Wahlmann chief medical officer at the institution was sen tenced to life imprisonment at hard labor Adolf Merkle who admitted falsifying death certificates to make it appear that the victims died of lung diseases received a prison sentence of 39 years and Philipp Blum the institutions undertaker got 30 years both at hard labor End VMail Service From Port of New York NEW YORK Oct last Vmail letter to be mailed from the New York Port of Embarka sent today to General of the Army Dwight D Eisenhower by Maj Gen Clarence H Kells command ing officer of the port In the letter Gen Kells notified Gen Eisenhowr of the termination of Vmail service from New York and said Vmail had made a sing ular contribution toward winning the battle of supply July Reduction In Luxury Taxes Under Fire By The Associated Press WASHINGTON Oct 15 Senti ment for ripping from the tax reduc tion bill its provisions for a cut next July 1 in luxury taxes was evi denced today as the Senate Finance Committee began work on the Houseapproved measure The proposed drop from to S6 a gallon in the tax on liquor came under particular fire Senator Taft ROhio told his col leagues he could see no justification for it unless it was argued that the wartime rate was so high it could not be collected in peace This cut also was questioned by Senator Vandenberg Senator Connally DTex suggested it might be well to postpone action on all excise levies until next year when a broader tax bill is considered The exchange over the excise taxes was purely informal and it was evi dent there were few firm conclusions in the committee on that issue It came during a general explana tion of the House bill by Colin Stam congressional tax expert after the committee earlier had heard Secre tary Vinson hold out hope for a bal anced budget in 1948 Stam said it was argued that boot legging would increase unless the whiskey tax was reduced Vinson urged the committee to sub stitute the Treasurys program of business and individual income taxes for that approved by theHouse The latter program cuts taxes deeper than the Treasury recommended Dutcli Reported Ready To Negotiate LONDON Oct Neth erlands Government was reported will ing today to negotiate wdth Indon esian Nationalists in the rich Nether lands East Indies where new violence was reported in the revolt against Dutch colonial rule A Batavia dispatch from the offi cial Dutch news agency Aneta quoted Hurbertus van der Mook Lieutenant Governor of the Dutch East Indies as offering to negotiate with the In donesians The old Dutch colonial system has to disappear he was quoted as say ing The Netherlands Government how ever said the statement could not be interpreted as meaning that nego tiations would be undertaken specifi cally with Soerkano selfstyled presi dent of the Indonesian Republic CLEARS WAY FOR SALES WASHINGTON Oct ident Truman cleared the way today for public sales of unneeded combatant vessels He signed an executive order providing for their sale to the highest acceptable bidder Halsey Waves to Bridge Throng As They Enter Golden Gate By JELMONT WAITE SAN FRANCISCO Oct Admiral Halsey like his dungareed seamen scorned ceremonial dignity to wave an enthusiastic greeting to crowds high above as his homecoming Third Fleet flagship steamed beneath the Golden Gate bridge today at noon At first he stood rigid silent and alone on the veranda deck of the battleship South Dakota Planes and dirigibles wheeled overhead and the bridge loomed nearer The admiral turned his head for a twinkling aside to his staff They used to throw pop bottles off there Then as the cheers of the waiting throng became audible his gold braided arm swept aloft In reply Down at the quarterdeck rail a sea man burst forth with To hell with this standing at attention tuid hs and his shipmates waved too Californias Gov Earl Warren was first up the whiteroped gangway as the big flagship reached its anchor age inside the bay Welcome home sir its great to see you he told Halsey How are you Governor the ad miral grinned Adm Royal E Ingersoll command ing the western sea frontier was the last of the welcoming Army and Navy officers to board the flagship Both he and Hnlsey face to face held rigid salutes until the traditional flourishes of band music ceased Then they em braced warmly Steamers and small craft all over the harbor tied down whistle cords and air raid sirens swelled the clamor as the South Dakota steamed In at tho head of the Third Fleet column which brought In 10000 Navy Coast on Fafc Laval Dies As Traitor Suicide Fails Refuses Blindfold And Last Words Are Vive la France By The Associated Frees PARIS Oct stormy political career of Pierre Laval thrice Premier of France came to a dramatic end to day when he was shot as a traitor after trying unsuccessfully to take Ms own life Before he was led to the execution ground Laval attempted to cheat the firing squad by taking poison but in this as in many other things the swarthy chief of government in the Vichy regime failed Four hours later in the courtyard at Fresnes prison bis life was ended by a pistol shot through the temple after he had been brought to his knees by a volley from an execution squad of 12 riflemen Just before the volley was fired Laval condemned for intelligence with the enemy and endangering the secur ity of the state turned to the Judges of the High Court of Justice which had tried him Gentlemen he said I simply want to tell you that Im sorry for you and for your having carried out such a piece of work Then he turned to the firing squad and said I regret for you that you are made the innocent accomplices of a judicial crime I die because I loved my coun try too well Wanted To Give Order He asked to give the firing order to the execution squad but was refused He declined to be blindfolded His last words were Vive la France He fell forward dead at p m His body was immediately placed in a waiting coffin and loaded on a hearse Accompanied by a few officials and newspaper men the hearse drove di rectly to Thiais cemetery where the recently executed Vichy militia chief Joseph Darnand was buried Without ceremony Lavals coffin was lowered into a grave which had been prepared in advance Next to it was another grave marked Here lies an unknown collaborator Lavals grave was left unmarked His dramatic suicide attempt occur red in his cell at the old Fresnes prison when Prosecutor Andre Mornet entered to inform him that clemency had been refused He quickly swallowed the contents of a phial of poison which he explained in a note he had been concealing a long time for such an emergency Finally Covers White Tie When officials to dress Laval Continued on Page Five U S Supports Government Of Austria WASHINGTON Oct United States gave outright support today to the development of a full fledged national government in Aus tria Officials expressed hope this would help solve some threatening big power control problems in the country The State Department announced that John Erbhardt American member on the Allied Council in Austria has been instructed to notify the council that this Government is ready to rec ognize the provisional government of Austria formally The Austrian regime was partially reorganized late last month Some Communist leaders lost power and some persons considered here to be leaders came into the Government headed by Chancellor Karl Renner The Austrian recognition policy is akin to that previously announced for Hungary where the United States sent word in early September that it was prepared to recognize the Hungarian setup upon promises to broaden itself politically In Romania and Bulgaria on the other hand the United States has taken the position that it will not recognize the Sovietsponsored Gov ernments until after they have taken definite steps to include leaders of parties not now fully represented To find out what is going on polit ically in the two Soviet border states Secretary of State Byrnes has named Mark Ethridge publisher of the Louis ville Ky CourierJournal and Times as special investigator for him Eth ridge began today a series of confer ences with Byrnes and State Depart ment officials to prepare for early de parture for eastern Europe Youth Admits Motive In Amberson Killing PITTSBURGH Oct Inspector Edward Maas declared to night that William Blader 18yearold university of Pittsburgh student said he shot Frank M Amberson because the 50yearold Springdale merchant involved him in an act of perversion Maas said Blader told of having arranged to meet Amberson in Schen ley Park at the rear of Carnegie Mus eum just after midnight shortly before the shooting Inspector Maas quoted Blader as saying he shoved the merchant away pulled out his revolver and fired Earlier in the day Blader had re enacted for the fourth time his orig inal versionof the fatal shooting HOLLYWOOD CAFE ROBBED HOLLYWOOD Oct ban dit today robbed the Trocadoro cafe one of the ifim colonys fashionable eating places of police sixM but overlooked A sack containing Objector Gets Top Medal Only conscientious objector ever to win the Congressional Medal of Honor Cpl Desmond T Doss Lynchburg Va smiles as he receives a handshake from the Chief of Staff Gen Geo C Marshall in the capital A medical corpsman Doss was wounded twice while saving the lives of buddies on Guam Leyte and Okinawa 2 Unions Vote Strike To Stop Milk Delivery NEW YORK Oct By a vote of 278 to 10 two unions to night voted to go on a strike which if called would stop delivery of milk to an estimated 95 percent of the 8000000 residents of New York City Long Island and Westchester county The unions Local 30 of the In ternational Union of Operating En gineers and Local 56 International Brotherhood of Firemen Oilers helpers and Maintenance Men both AFL did not give any date for starting the strike Found In Home After Spinsters Death By The Assorfatcd Press ERIE Oct A dark attic stairway cache in the home of a hardworking little old lady who died last week today gave up its store of gold and currency of her secretlysaved estate Cateress Caroline Shafer died Fri day at the age of 77 She had never married and left no known relatives Friends at her funeral today remem bered her petite trim figure bustling through their homes on party nights tempting guests with the goodies she had made and sold for a living since childhood Then Anthony L Strobel a Penn sylvania Electric employe started a search for the will she had asked him to administer He found it in a safety deposit box in the First National Bank With it were in cash stocks and certifi cates and an itemized account of an other which a note said will be found at the backstairs bannister at my Strobel and a bank official went to the neat modest dwelling at 1317 Hol land street Behind two detached doors leaning carelessly against the attic stair they found one untidy shot piled with de bris There in cloth sacks lay a small fortune in from SI to gold pieces and paper gold certificates The bank box had also yielded 94 shares of Hammermill preferred stock 1500 shares of Griffin Manufacturing Co preferred stock and 2000 shares of Kindom of Bslgium stock Until the will is probated no one in surprised Erie knows for whom the bespectacled little cateress saved her money She came here as a girl from In diana with her parents The only luxuries she had permitted herself were a few fine paintings gifts of families for whom she worked Her other treasures were a cupboard of antique dolls and an old spinning wheel PERU RATIFIES CHARTER LIMA Oct The Peruvian Congress today ratified the United Na tions Charter Strikes at Glance By TIic Associated Press Labor controversies keep 385000 away from work Major industries af fected start moving among 400 vessels tied up two weeks in New York harbor as AFL long shoremen return to docks insurgents keep some returning dockhands off Brooklyn piers MOTION strikers out for eight months win limited sup port of 8000 members of AFL Screen Actors Guild studio picketing con tinues TRANSPORTATION AFL bus operators ballot on resuming work for Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway after Governor seizes property 1000 000 riders without service 2700 over land bus drivers jremain out in west of 61000 AFL lum ber workers brightens as official of Willamette Valley Lumber Operators Association agrees to meet with strike policy committee Federal Effort To Solve Strike In Mines Fails By The Associates Press WASHINGTON Oct of Labor Schwelienbach said tonight the Government effort to settle the widespread soft coal strike had col lapsed but Government seizure of idle mines is not in immediate prospect Schwelienbach told reporters that he had adjourned the eightday confer ence of John L Lewis representing the United Mine Workers and mine op erators indefinitely He said he had done this after the operators rejected five separate proposals for settlement The way was left open however by the Labor Secretary to resume negotia tions if disputing parties should find some common ground Schwelienbach said he himself might think of an other proposal to offer and in that case wouldask the parties to convene again With more than 200000 miners away from their coal pits and more than half of normal bituminous production at a standstill Schwelienbach said the Government would not consider seiz ure of the struck mines as long as the negotiations are adjourned only sub ject to call 3 Shiploads of Sugar Reach Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA Oct 15 UP Three shiploads of sugar totaling nearly 55000000 pounds arrived in Philadelphia from Cuba over the weekend the Maritime Exchange an nounced today Approximately 16500000 pounds of sugar is refined the exchange added Simultaneously a spokesman for the sugar industry said the Philadelphia refineries of the Franklin and Mc Cahan companies have nearly 20 000000 pounds of refined sugar which is being prevented from reaching con sumer channels because of a two weekold work stoppage in a dispute over a new contract JAPS MAY BE CAUSE Of Trouble in East Indies By JAMES D WHITE Associated Press Staff Writer SAN FRANCISCO Oct important aspect of the uproar in the Dutch East Indies is religion The 70 million people of this great empire are predominantly Mohamme dan and Japanese agitators are trying to color the natural native impulse just now toward independence with the warpaint of a religious crusade The Japanese have tried this else where Their attempts to incite the Chinese Mohammedan minority are well known They flopped although they had more Mohammedans in China to work on than there are in all Araby Only over the weekend has it be come apparent that Japanese militar ists in the are still waiting in places for someone to come and ac cept their attempting to stir up a holy war before they finally lay down their arms This is apparent because it was not Dr Soekarno the Indonesian National ist leader who declared war over the weekend This was done by the Indonesian Peoples Army which appears to have little if any connection with Soekranos political movement according M the Dutch but be a normal medium through which Jap anese agitators would work Dr Soekarno may be a traitor as the Dutch claim but collaboration charges already hang over him and he would not be improving his case if he got himself mixed up too conclusively Continued on Page Eight No Defense For ABomb Science and Army Claim CounterMeasures Same as Against Any Other Bomb Groves Promoted By The Associated Press WASHINGTON Oct and the Army teamed up today to tell Congress there is no defense against the atomic bomb except the defenses thai work on other sorts of bombing At the same time President Truman nominated Maj Gen Leslie R Groves overall director in the development oi the terrible new weapon to be assistant to the Army Chief of Engineers That shift was taken to show the emphasis the Army proposes to put on nuclear energy weapons He would succeed Brig Gen John J Kingman Groves also was named for promo tion to brigadier general on a perma nent basis His present rank as a ma jor general is temporary The testimony on lack of any spe cial defense against atomic bombs came from Secretary of War Patterson and Dr Vannevar Bush head of the Office of Scientific Research and Develop ment Both testified before a joint MilitaryCommerce subcommittee of the Senate which is considering legis lation to set up a national scientific foundation Said Patterson There is no known defense peculiarly effective against the atomic bomb Said the scientist who worked on its development There is in my opinion no trick way of getting rid of the atomic it is an atomic bomb Their testimony differed from a re port of the House Naval Committee which said there were indications that an effective countermeasure to atomic bombs has been developed to such an extent that they can be ex ploded far short of their objectives In midst of the disagreement the House Military Committee indicated that it may change its mind and re open hearings on atomic energy These had been closed after one day of tes timony Chairman Vinson of the House Naval group issued a statement saying the Navy was not the source of the report on a possible atom bomb defense Bomb Ontmodes Large Army Scientist Says PITTSBURGH Oct large peacetime conscript army would be as useless as a Maginot Line Dr A Allan Bates manager of the chem ical and metallurgical department of Westinghouse Electric Corp declared today Dr Bates told the Hungry Club that the atomic bomb had made a big army a barrier to success in war Spending money for training soldiers would make it difficult to get the substantial sums required for vital military research in the laboratories he asserted The speaker was one of a picked group of 30 scientists who went into the Reich as a combattrained unit I cannot reveal just what the Ger mans were doing on atomic power but they were working on it and with good the American scientist said They knew of uranium fission and how to get it In fact they knew prac tically as much about it as we did but were far from putting their knowledge into effect because of the incapacita tion oftheir industrial plants At the present time no other nation in the world could have built an Oas Ridge Tenn the atom city of 80000 created to produce this new weapon Ten years from now a lot of coun tries will have worked out the secrets in their own scientific laboratories and will have the means for putting them into effective uss Sees Huge Obstacles In Way of Atomic Power NEW CASTLS Oct ad vent of atomic energy has rendered none of our present engineering ac complishments obsolete but it will un doubtedly have a great though proba bly gradual effect on future engineer ing members of the MahoningShen ango Valley Engineering Society were told here tonight Charles A Scarlett manager of En gineering Publications for the West inghouse Electric Corp said most com petent engineers agree that enormous obstacles lie in the way of the devel opment of atomic power as a peace time energy source and that early units will simply augment present powerproducing facilities Factors of size and safety proba bly will keep atomic power from be ing used to run trains and autos for many years Scarlott said Probably its first use in transportation will be on ships In lighter forms of transporta tion heavy protection required against radioactivity created in the process will tend to make atomic power im practicable CRASH FATAL TO WOMAN MERCER Oct with a bridge after she lost control of her car caused the death of Mrs Mabel E Dunkerly 23 of Mercer R D 6 today on Blacktown road a mile south of here COATFIELD AUCTIONED SOMERSET Pa Oct 15UPThe 4200acre Randolph coal fields largest block of unmined coal In Somerset county was auctioned for at the Somerset court house today
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