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M'kean County Democrat (Newspaper) - May 3, 1862, Smethport, Pennsylvania MEAN COUNT MKEAN iltlican fBrUSUED KVEKY SATURDAY By 0 VI MKEAN TEEMS SO in Rates of THE Ecno nmn ens X X One sqaare of 12 lints or 3 subsequent ft with uorj six 2000 1200 1 60 600 Hula or teure work will be double the Tire relink Itrerler or eight lines Is rated a These Terms will ho strlctlt adhered Business HYDE Osoaoo Ill This Hotel Is new ami fitrHlslied In modern lias mnpie nccom all a First Elk May 1S60 ELDRED Proprietor Tiiit house is situated half way Between Sraethporl and Mean A an attentlre and obliging and A Draftsman nd Real Estate MKean WILLIAM Practitll Poit MKesn Ia COXVKYAXCKRsnn Itll Estate Els riiaptn i Ksqs Itua Thomas Ia Pa OSWAYO H Blnnim Ores Tlii Houn filled up Ii Sifistintal snd comforlable anl every tenlion will hi paid oy the proprietor to the comfort anl tisto of his Jutif FOBES rontinit UH PilMIc N Y MlLlta The Fobes HMUSP is entirely new and built and Is furnished in modern Tho proprieior Jailers himself tiiat liU tions are not surpassed by any hotel In Western run toaod rom the New York and Kris Rail YSoif M LIST AITOSXIT AT LAWJ MKenn Ausnt for Keatint Lands Attends especially to tlie Collection of Claim Examination of Land Titles Parmeut of anl all business tins to Real Office In lUtnUn BOUOHTON Attorney and Counsellor at MKean us nest entrusted to care for the counties of Potter will be promptly attended to OrBce in the Court second Phvslcian and will attend to all professional calls wilh OOlce iniart well THING Wholesale and Retal Dealers In Stsplo and Finrr Dry Fteadr Made and General Furnishing Hoots Will and Window Looking JOHN Attorney and Counsellor at MKean Cn rtitl uttend to all business In his profession in the Bounties of and OfficenverC llrothers HACKNEY CornerofSecnnland blbfrty Travelers will find good ac eoinraodatlons and reasonable LARABEES MKean Oo This boueu is illuittad about nine tttnethport on the rnad to atld will be found a conreulent stoppingplace Back of the error that slavery is the cause of the rebellion and that its removal is neces sary to a lies the grave and terrible mis take which has been made by those who have supposed the slave to be the grand object o sympathy and of benevolent ant who have regarded slavery as the subject o most political when in reality the the colored is the true subject o national and charitable It was long ago plain that it was not half so important to con sider how to remove slavery as how to remove the The great problem toward which men should have directed Iheir labors and in was how to treat a race that is among us and not of that mixes wilh our but mingle with our This subject involves to some extent the gen eral subject of but only as the greater includes the For yean the act ive mind of the not the fitful and innate mind of radical but the Intel lectual force which formed and which has di reeled the course of the in its great work of benefit to has regarded this question as connected with the and I as attempted to keep the national counsels recteil toward instead of toward the inferior question of the position of a portion of the race while among It is conceded everywhere that the race is inferior whether by reason ol its long experience in and its trans fer lo position of subjection in a civilized or whether by it does not concern us at present to The race is now of if n lower and Ihe exceptional cases which are dorn time to time broughl forward only serve lo show more distinctly Ihe lad truth in relation to the whole negro Being inferior they demand our sjinpathy and our cannot bemide of equal rights wilh the unless we over throw the order of nature and at once adopt This may possibly be disputed but there is no dividing For il the law should declare the negro entitled to equal he may not only demand admis sion to ihe same holel for the law compels Ihe hotel to receive the decent but if it be and in a place where it is the custom to put two or more in a he may demand admission to the same room wilh Ihe while to the same to the same steam boat state the same sleeping in short he may by law demand everything that a white man may If he may rightfully rnand all it would be absurd and impos sible lo deny his social even to the extent We do not dwell 01 Ihe which must be The in stanl a distinction is drawn between the as to railway cars or thai instant a superiority und feriotity of races is No man can consislently advocate the equality of Ihe negro FARMERS VALLEY nr This house live mile VroraSmothport on tUe road to Pleasure parti and ba aocommodatud on the Daalerln Dry Kast ildaol the Public iMPORIUM MKean Proprietor A commodlouj and wollfurnlshod and tiayelers will Had PORT ALLEOANV at Porl Me KeanOouuly Thisllolel insituatcd attho junc tion of the Snillhport und Allegany River milcHeast of To Those Interested in Mining and Mineral Lands offers services for the examlna tion of Mineral Lands 111 MKean nml Klk coun and will iilTl his opinion as to tho OF Ac his services will recelre all neoessarrand reliable Kesilence atthe Bunker HIM MKean Juno MICoan Collections promptly attended BENNETT MKean Proprlolor opposite Ihe Unnrt commodi ous and will furnished Dulerln Tin Jappanod trust sldo of tho Public Cualuin wirk Jona lo on the shortest and in tin most substantial A SPBJOOC wiiuM respectfully announce I the cttluns of Smethport and that he Ottea Is prepared to attend lo all business In hl Artificial tenth inserted upon sci entific and so as to preserve the natural ei presllon of the face All operations in Dental Surgery done In a skillful 10t Pellet In Tin Jappaned west sul of tho Public 1u Custom work done to order unlhc shortest and In tbo most substantial will at Ulk Attorney anl Counsellor at ten IBS Oourts of and Prompt attention paid lo Office Kail BAKER Bast Bide of the Public Second Door North of till Democrat Office Dealer In Watches Gtoiks anl Rtjparlotneiitely Executed and SOUTHEAST CORNER MAIN STREET and the white man in political without advocating social equality Whether u decent negro is not o oetter companion than a dirty white man has nothing lo do with the We are not discussing matters ol Personal preferences nothing lo do with general We iiaveoursclves no prejudices on Ihe subject itmi that our motives may not bo it is proper to say that there ore colored men to whom we are personally attached with very great and who are better fitted lo be companions und than a vast nnmber of nominally respectable while Btil these very persons are most firmly convinced u Ihe dependent character of their and most anxious for the opportunity of on a national the question whether the feriority is natural or Ihe rvsult ol ciicum The is what to do with an inferior thrown among us by the will of and given by Him to our Make them all free to begin says the philan thropic nnlislavery But what is free Is the poor starving negro in new or in really much more free than a in Virginia Take a We know a colored man with a who was an hon est intelligent with good wages in o me chanical employment a year or so who was thrown out ol has been most ol the year dependent on charity for his nnd is now laboring eighteen hours a in a hole where no while man would do the work for twice the and is earning a miserable wholly insufficient to keep life in his Us is a broken down anxious to but compelled to lead a life of He would not exchange his present life for but would a well slave exchange with him 1 Would any one Advise Ihe tlave to make the exchange The result of the comparison is simply that to remove alt the slaves from the present restraint of must be considered instead of o mere chanje to as a change accompa nied with a removal of the masters obligation to take of the servant and his the servant is thrown on the free to choose his he is thrown nto the novel position of being compelled to work at anything that turns up for a and is not certain of obtaining the work that will earn the From a state of forced vork certain be suddenly trans ferred to a state of uncertain uncertain and his life has in it a yossilility oj ff never Uad in sickness or or any other We do nol state this as an argument in fa vor of the perpetuation of but solely as a teason against its unless accom panied by a provision for the protection of the poor inexperienced race suddenly conlrontet with the possibility of perishing from Before abolishing meani mutt be taken to provide for the colored With ever plan of emancipation should be connected plan of laking care of the To propose errmncication without providing colonization is to destroy the negro to injure the race at the same From all this it is plain enough lhat the disposition of the negro race is Ihe main question preceding and controlling the question of In former the best men of the South were agreed with those of the North on thii When ihe agitation of the minor ques tion made the discussion of the whole subject they til back to the true ground of reasonable lhal abolitionism was a langerous dangerous to Ihe while race as lo the and the grand question ol the fate o the colored was suffered lo in the presence of the fierce discussion of We are now on the verge of period when the minds of the North and the South must be harmonized in some if the country is to be On the subjecl of the negro the discussion of abolitionism the hatred of North ami South will be The abolitionisls can never make unity oul o discord by any of Iheir mad Their success would be public and private to black and Proclamations of freedom casting millions offree negroes on the charities of the would perpetuate this negro question and mike it more impossible ofsolu lion than The Northern mind must fore abandon rs thi future ol the nation calls for some disposition of the ored the Northern portion of the countr owe it to to ihe lo Ihe ne gro who is oppressed an4 ground down in New York as much as in to provide a reluge for the free in some acceptable real question before the nation today is not how to remove slavery as the supposed cause of the bul how to reconcile Massa chusetts and South one a free ami th other a slave This is the grand problem ol Ihe Will live in th Union wilh a slave Slate Will South Caro lina live in the Union with a State which re fuses to return fugitive and whose citi zens preach that slavery is the sum of all vil Will either State accept the negro as a social How shall Ihe opposing be and the oil and wate mingled It is easy to South ina give up her slaves and cause of disa reemenl is Il is just as easy el Massachusetts restore slavery lo her soil and the two States can Ncilhcr will do and one injust as difficult nf accomplish ment as the This may be but the remark is Soulh Carolina can nore get rid of slavery at than Mai cluuetts can restore slavery at ihe question must bo dropped which cannot perhaps be expected after he events of ihe or Northern and Southern minds unite on a reasonable and servative view of which will remove it wholly from the arena of party iVithin Ihe past few weeks ihe North has wilh iipular unanimity assented to the Presidents ilan ol by with This ancient plan of the Coloni zation may yet become the intcrmi liate ground on which men will meet and agree o dispose of the negro In this connection we notice with interest he speech of Blair of in Ihe April and we regard it as more mporiant because we have reason lo suppose hat it gave expression in some degree to the news of Ihe Without designing to alfirm the truth of all Blairs ve invite a careful perusal of this extract from is as repirenting Ihe policy of and also as indicating the superior im irtance of the ntrro to the slavery To superficial observers who believe thai the rebellion srew out of and as they term slaveholders arid when it is known to true thai Ihe nonlave hoMine regions of the South are for the It is natural lhat it should occur lo Ihem lhal the proper course lo catty all the nonslave holders against the rebellion would be to decree But a closer scrutiny demon atrates the contrary to be true such a scrutiny demonataates lhat Ihe rebellion originated chiefly with ihe nonslaveholders renidcnl in the strungholds of the not springing from any ol slavery but from an antagonism of race and hostility lo Ihe idea of equality with the blacks involved in simple This idea among holders wai naturally of renter intensity in proportion to thej number of slaves about them and irs force in extinguishing Union feeling miniahed ai we approached the high and lain regions whore Ihe slaves are J5uny acquainted with tht tnows tlmt il ii fultatiauf la call his a ilawMdrs If sucb was the two divisions of our army could have suppressed it without the negroes themselves could easily put down the two hundred and fifty thousand but it lj a mutter offiiltnry tftnt tlie ax a were the last nnd mast refuftatit to join tltt The repre sentative men ol that like Badger of North Aiken of South and Alexander Stephens of struggled ns long as there was hope against the nnd for the obvious reason that the entire terests of the slaveholder were put in extreme It wtt tfie negro and not tfie slavery tnadf tfif entirely and requiilng entirely different treatment and it is as neces sary to understand the distinction to enable us to deal with it as it is that the physician should know the dueafit wntch lie is called on In treat and to If the rebellion was mnde by two hundred and fifty thousand for the sake of perpetuating sU then it miehl be a complete remedy to extirpate the institution but if the rebellion bus grown out of the abhorrence ol the non sUveholders for emancipation nnd amalgama and their drend of negro how will their discontenl be cured by the very measure the mere apprehension of which bas driven them into rebellion Nr wise mnn to increase the num ber of enemies to the State within the hostile or divide its friends Lincoln knew that a of emancipation simply would cerlamlv have this Snrli an act he knew was calculated to make of the whole of tho nonslaveholders of Ihe and at the iamj time to weaken the sympathy of a large number of Ilie working men of the who are not ready tn see their brethren in the South put on an equality with manumitted In accordance with this view of the proclaimed he was named for the Presi he has arted he has been President To disarm the jealousy ol which he knew lay at the bottom of Ihe he mended in his first annual message that homes should be provided in neighboring county for such of the blacks as should be made free by the events of the While we art the chief cause of the rebellion was the antagonism of stimulated by the disap pointed nnd defeated politicians who liad made it Ihe source ol their power over the he also saw that the progress of events had affected and would still further affect lhn class who had property interests in the And while it was Hue tint that class had not originated Ihe policy which culminated in Ihe they were now involved in many of them actually nnd whethei sympathizing with it or having Iheir pro perty staked on and therefore in danger ol lining drawn into To do justice to those not engaged in Ihe and lo prevent from being druwn into it bv their property in and invite their cooperation in rididing the pountry of this he mw proposes u measure of compensation for their uf Those in tunes like Ihe lalk of the riiht of habeas sympathize with the Sad indeed is the condition of the such an utterance could be heard in I hi Senate of Ihe United Status It of Irom a memlier nf lhal whose olject seems to be Ihe systematic undermining and destroying of the And with the above utem pted to intimidate the patliotic senator Hum is not even one of the worst of hiij In older to bu ublu tu fully appreciate Ihe audacity of those who Iry lo establish an actual teriorisui against such miinhcrs ol Con gress as still cling faithful to I hi t must be recollected that was one of the firt prominent Democratic leaders who came tu the aid ol the new Kepublicun I duiing Ihe lime of Us greatest distress and forgetful of party mils gave it the most unconditional Nut even a shadow of a suspicion of disloyal ty can rest upon him nnd that such an inso lation cntild be hurled against such a ilnm onstrates the ol impudence which ha been reached by tho AMiiiun junta in Con when others put elves at the disposition of their former politi cal they cherished a that the er likewisu would act as drop pine party and keep in lew only Ilia on great restoration of the In this they have been dis They are now wanted to believe in he iite nv wherein the old with all the rights it guarantees to individual State and has been and replaced y the arbitrariness of a despotic military rule Whosoever dues not subscribe to this new which would pervert the war lor he Union into a reckless is be ng cnlumniaied and acked wilh the most galling insults ami perse uted by the most infamous This as been the lot of patriotic Senators and lepresntatives of the Border lo f the CommandcrinChief of tho aimy and vith such means it has been even lo force he President over to the fitjicttl It is time that the people thuuld understand vhat is going on in and what cf orts arc made to deprive them of the fruits o i heir Tha people have uietly submitted to even to n emporaVy and partial abridgment of their less but they have not done this for the purpnis hat thvir delegates in Congress should proclaim be whole Constitution an4 jlamp as trea son he respect for the supreme laws of i con nt It would appear thai ihe demagogues in Washington have quite misunderstood tne teiiency of the people Injudging about certain extraordinary actions of the While making allowance for the existing diffi and being inclined to exceptionally erf the assumption of certain doubtful functions on account of the embarrassed condition of the they never ibonghl of abiotrt any of Iheir functionaries or representatives from a due regard to the fundamental law of the The people now as Ihe work ol the which they still hold shall be treated with nnd have authorized none of nnd agen to trample upon II the legitimate either through actual necessity and as has happened no less through merely imaginary awkwardness ami want of has been driven to transgress in certain cases its slriclly il does nol loilow that is no longer n trailer and an enemy to his country who syslemalicat Iy and dcliberalely strives to remove the Con slitution and to open the gales lo an itrespoli sible lytanical What is Ihe meaning of the insulting tence with which it was intended to deter a loyal Senator from the defense of constitutional lightsiif not the same theory also uvowed by that fieri it no a trgilimali nothing but a sort of olUarchica that may dispose as it pleases o the the the blood and he pro pel y nf Ihe people I If you do nol i you dare to raise your voice in favor of High and Law and Ihe old you ate accused o sympathy wilh its armed eneiri if pos reduced to silence by The term irleh begins to be rather in There are itoj kinds of rebels wo have lo deal witni those bearing arms openly refuse the recognition of tho old Union and those who have chosen the safer and more cowardly way of perfidiously destroying it with plots and intrigues and insidious The out we meet on the battlefield but what be Ihe result nl all the bloody i n ihe meantime the other should succeed in de priving us of the prize for which we are light g The dangers threatening from Ihe on are known j but if the people do not soon real thu more concealed dangers arising fiom ih and do not in time put an end lo th work ol these traitors in the mask of unionisn Rpublic n hopelessly Weeds letters from The lirigiil son and spr inglike uenthtr rerl ifir Iaris very Th Chimps Elysees and wool of Boulogne altract crowds of every rank and fiorn thu Kmperor to the I should fall in any atrernpt lo dtfiirlhc the nl tlie wnod of a fores lour or miles in laid out uti I ortieil nt great expense and exquisite The First Napileonj taslos were more men He adorned Pans with trophies nf victory such us III1 Column of the Arch ol the Obelhk nf Napoleon is more seeking to improve as well u adorn His reign will be distin guish I by Reforms anl France under his has been nslnt and impro ving in its Manufacturing nril Commercial pursuiln and resources while Pa ris is becoming the lost beautiful city in 111 The ojiening nod iniproveirienl ol Ielsis progressing upon a scale of inagni tilde peefecly For example tin Boulevard cut thrnjli the heart ol the extends iniii ih Purl St Denis to Ku niu is already buill up vvith palatial This is with the llnulevaid equally mag ending at tlie StMsbmrg Railway On the lloiilevaid IMW lintel covering more than an aril casting the lluil uitn the riien almost as by IVMiaps the best may be given of ihh Hotel by sryng t is than the Ihe as and the would H Adjoining this Hire acres ol Luilt ngs have heri preparatory lo 111 of ai Opra Around the e rnnrethnn two acres of buildings ute being Ih ground on which Ihey Hood lo lie thrown inlo i This will site ol ihe a of so many unwritten his of misery and I looked into thi receptacle of the unknown Dead ihi holies of two wretched beings who birl shulIUd elf ibis coil lay wail ng to ba identified and claimed by some of ihe inndreds who were constantly looking into the Nearly opposile the on the other lide of ihe and ihe house long occupid by ami hilt in Ihe fith atnry of which the Dnni parle resided whenlie was a of Anil in The present Krpror placed a tablet in wall recording Ibis inci lent in Ilii life of his Wn went ilm morning lopay B tribute ol alTclion and to the tomb of La who repues in ol the Sa cred Heart of This cooiclery is bur a hort distance from the site of one of Ihe ginl ill lilt nf and the spit con by the remains of the good La Fayette ontains Ihe headless bodies of Thirteen lion dred and sixty victims of the that were thrown into i pit dug for the It is now abode of piety and Some of the Nuns were al their devo linns in the and 01 hers ware walking through beaulifil THE 1 The following excellent article is taken trorn he New York a relijious jonrntl of arge ami great It iri ruli ates sound constitutional doctrines In the Senate rf Ihe United last when the arrest itnd imprisonment of rjenernl Stone were nndir Senator Wades reply to the arenmrnl lhal under the the common law ami the military law nf the had heen that the In this greal is hound to protect and hat the Constitution is virtually repealed until he Government lias become iible lo reftore authority in the rebellions We find this in the leporl of rlebates in has been before the pnhlic for n week or more without copy t to fasten the eyes of the nation upon ai Ihe highest avowal yet made of a doctrine that is working n radical change in Ihe theory of inr nnd rapidly transfoamine it into n despotism of the worst pnisible type Il this so distinctly set forth liy Senator and whicH been with boldness avowed by Senator Sdmner and other dist inguished abolition bernmea he policy nd erepd of the our like ttie baseless fabric of n dream s and only n miserable wreck is left be Hefore this theory nf Senator Wnde Ii sub mitted we would do well to try the question liefore the Supreme and If that judica tory nflirtns it as the law of the it will be our privilege to choose between submission tn and voluntary exileto Siberia or We fiankly confess that we woulJ prefer Ihe polisrn of H pagan prince lo lhat of ft If Wades doctrine is we have no Gov ernment but the will of the man who wields the army und regardless of the Constitu tion which he is set and sworn to uphold by those of has ably ami nobly risen In the spirit and wilh much of the povcr of lo throllle this has miintained the supremecy of ihe Con stitution and Ihe subordination of the govern ng power to liat sovereign lacred menlt with equal eloquence and truth he significantly points In the authors of ihli new revolutionary doctrine nnd declares i In lo chanee the Constitution by forte of orrrn we become the rebels we ore striving tn itib The Constilullon was nol made for fair weolhcr It tjnnil for time of peace am belter still for limeof Them is lillle needoflnw when menaro willinj to obey but when war breaks tlie pence and security ol lo when the pnssinns of men are lashed into and the nation is suddenly plunsd into the vortex of civil then the righls of communities nnd individuals are in ih only protection which luyal citizens en ii in the Constitution of his Il is n grand which even men limes that the nrparent nmurify of hour justifies a ruler in the iimrpntioii of illegal This fullney is the univerral apology w liich tyranis IIy Ihii abuse of power the liberties of nations have blotted and lives of thousands What we want now In is a spirit nf devotion fo Ihe laws and principles of Ihe i u spirit of patriotism rising fur ahnve Ihe behests of party and Ig orlnj utterly all schemes of President making or while Ihe energies nf mind and he resources ol the country are noned to the single purpose ol restoring the Union to Ihe linsis nf the II Senator WiiuVn theory becomes the Iheory of Ihe there will be no more constitutional iberty in the Republic at tho A SAD Wednesday as Nun of Ihe Fiftyeight was jassing near the Post he was accosted by t youthful worn who snid seeing Itm figures 55 on his she hoped he might be lili to how she could get n letter lo an officer in that He said he would be nippy lo ohlige hir il he She said ahn lad written several letters and received mi What is the name inquired Lieut Van answered the I am sorry lo say lhal Fife ii dead he was killed al nald Van The elFecl was Almost lu stanily the lady sank to Ihn rstored her grief was most Fifti was her But nrifortunale y the sad budget of news was nol all I t ppeurs thai bur father wns Captain c f Fillyeighth ond hr uncl First Lieutenant and her husban I Second Lieutenant uf the same Ifi r is now a pris wilh Ihe most of h s egiinnt in tha hands of ihe and 11 r imlri w wounded severely In ihe enguj It is rarely lhat such a concentralir f niisoitnne falls upon a siujle is Jlalleck t as senl iha 5lthaml77ib Ohio regimen who ran away in n panic from the field al P in lo gairison ort TrrE op and a h loly primed colmnnsol the Missnurs of are filled with ihe pad es f sick und woiin Itid recenlly urtiv J t that city ami ill Cincinnati Louisville t mostly from the batllefivld of who was wounded al y a cays the sfnsalion was similar n that nl a smart blow There is nothing cutting or teiiriit the smiles taking ihe enlirely by rid deadeninj Ihe adjacent parts befor on can it SHILOH The battle rg or the Ivirdest part ol iglv upon a largfHd nn which n vnrsivp Church round in that viciniiy is in The field f Shiloh by Ihe jive this
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