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Settler And Pennon Newspaper Archive: February 17, 1842 - Page 1

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Publication: Settler And Pennon

Location: Smethport, Pennsylvania

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   Settler And Pennon (Newspaper) - February 17, 1842, Smethport, Pennsylvania                                MPKEAff AND POfrTEB COUJff MKEAN FEBRUARY IS PUBttSllBU dollac ami wo do One fc i pMd wKliln the yenft he Unjf for tfiit three Inwitionsi in2 work Double A dUcount will Ue to ttiune who by or will be rfiwunlinued until nil we unletn Ml the option of the mum be fjj receive 03The following very lengthy arti from the Emancipator and Free we copy by espe request of some unknown have hitherto omitted to publish very leading articles on the subject not so much from a wish fo keep the from the considera of our as from the fact but few of them take any very great interest in the We should have regretted the publi cation of if it had bean of moder ate As it we are compelled to omit much that was marked for in OUR COUNTRYS DANGER AND The documents accompanying the message of comprise annual reports of the two chiet offi charged with tho care of thstdefon ces and warlike force of the the Secretaries of War and Navy AVe look of to them to discover 4he expuseJ causes of the und tho moans of with the degree of reliance to bs placed in proposed The Secreta ry of War ie tho John ofthsstate of Now a gsntienian the fi Strata taleuts for tho duspatcli business cf any Mb report divides dafanocsinto three classes naval and In treating of and of the eral systom adopted many years sinca the reconunendaliou of Bar and urging their cijiisplutlon as as the will he Tiu works for the more remote southern portion of our territo ry particularly In dications are already amdo of designs of the worst character against that ro in the oventofhostilitwsfrorn a to which wo cannot be The estimates with the menus on for the com pletion of tho works at Beaufort and at jlhe mouth of Cape r in North at and will furriiili adoquula de fenses to those provide for points still in tho event of boing cned beforetho system of fortilicatious Js a to steam vessels of Ilight draught will bivnccossary and ia j to soina of where forli jfications would not as already in that Bpeeios of defence will bo Five of these in the liulf of and seven on the south part of the Atlantic are deeiia necessary by tho Chief Tho report of Jbo Quarter Master aecompanyingthat of ho points to ithc same thing 3n the following the event of warvwith eitberef 4he greet European powers possessing Colonies in tins West there would ibe danger of tho peninsula of Florida occupied by blacks theasl 4 proper regard to the security our states requires that nrompt and efficient measures be to prevent such a state af wnr bo terminated tbo nextwinter I would vecommond measures be immaai lately taken to jjermaBent works Kay and wch tha keys or on iho peninsula on may be found to possess the greatest military The ntteiUjn of lhe govarnniont to tout jifyWlitlU saveu liravy ns iivoi tho most JitnsUoui it appears that in for to provunt ju le A for nunwravH of fending miles or ten const to pre vent its baing occupied by blanks from tho A wiso 1 All this allusion of thn New York Sej crotary to designs n certain i quarter of sufficiently intel1 ami is about as direct An Could bo ventured on by Noithorrt Man with especially when subserviency was of recent But tho Secretary of the boing a slave A one who hits seen service in defence of our peculiar institutions of republican can afford to bo moro He war between tho United States and any considerable maritime power would not be conducted at this day us it would have been even twenty years a It would ba a war of aiming at The first blow Would at us through our own No it is would expect to bo successful over us fir any length of in a fair contest of arms upon our own soil and no wisa nation would attempt A more pro mising expedient would b3 in arraying what ara supposed to be the hostile elements of oar social system a gainst one An enemy so dis and five to land upon nny part of pur soil which might promise success to his would be armod wilh a fourfold power of Of tho result of such we have no reason to be afraid even in the best war upon oar awn soil would by tho maro the mora and the raora hor rible in its by compelling as at the sama time to oppose an entity in the fijld and to guard against attempts to subvert our social floretoforo wo have found in tlio of many of our waters se to a certain in vasion by So long as niaritima wars wore eonJuolsd in vessels of larsro size and great we hud little from them except at a and those were susceptible of adaquata defence on But this longsr be relied Tke application of stuum powjr to ves of and tha improvements wliish have recently been muds in ar ere destined lo changa the whole system of miritimn CtoambcwU oHiglit ami whiuh uwy bo ea sily transported across the oewiii in vus suls of a killer may invadi in ut almost any1 taint of our may psnutrato tha interior through our shallow and thus half ourcountKy to hostile The es with which those tnovcmonls rcould be the facilitywith which could tlio with which they could change tha point of blo an with a comparatively in to our whole nndto carry all the horrors of war into iivtreats of our effect of tliess incursions vwould be terrible but in the southern portion of our country they and probably be idisastrous in the lltfta nil that can be made of the siiallownoss the of steamboats of light it is plain that the great source of and cause of weak news is the of aur institutions pointing an enemy at once the promising Upsher what are supposed to bo the elements of our social syetam a OHO another What ato the of our system Are 4hey the men and ihctru they the and The Metho Tho Whigs arid The and Manufacturers Tha Old States And the Now Tho East and the West The Anglo Saxon Red the AwtangliiHrt Are any ofthese to be termed dements of our which a wily and restless for enemy would 4toink it practicable to ewiyagiilrwt one another ly Tho only hostile element is It is this alone offers it expedient of nrmoynncQ lo any considerable timo that may como into colli sion with and all nations am now will luvnieli ene my BO fouilbld pajvor of loony thus he find jfit forttiottjfistcnce of this Mflcjmcnti andOf course cur Hie neetsHty of a of dpituco to ivith the special thus Ajwicvcfit with so great is llw jh 4 4 I bility created In our social by these hostile that the governments of Great or are hero of tidally if they choose to avail lliamsalvtisof this promising expedi the best ihoy can ere ate a war peculiarly and and horrible in its ef fects to by compelling us at tho same time to oppose an enemy in the and to guard against attempts to subvert our social Some of our readers may now recall tottiindtha famous report by of at the extra in re gard to an increase of our parti cularly in view of the vast increase of tho steam marine of In a accompanying that we find the following Tho governments of France and England Were adopting an entirely new by employing armed steamers for commercial purposes thus causing the sagacity and enterprise of the mer cantile community to support the ex penses of their naval a great and wonderful step in the for marulime In addition to the lines a new one had recently been on a con tract with the Brazilian extending from Great Britain to every important port in These vari ous lines hud been multiplied till they now resemble a perfect web across had no apprehension that thatformidable and sagacious pow er had any intention 01 immediate war with this country it would not at pre sent suii her policy but she was gra dually and silently yet surely alluring her whole She desired above all things tc emancipate herself fromthe necessity of depending on any of our productsfor carrying on those manufac tures which the great sources of her while she had em ancipated her slaves in the West siu still millions in slavery in and was endeavoring to avail herself of their industry for a supply of raw mnterial now obtained from this looked with eyes ofijeu ious apprehension to the rapid growth and extending commerce of this coun and the moment Great Britain could supply hersilf olsewhare with the raw material lor her we might expect war to the wur with all liar here mode some remarks on British which he consid ered but as one stupin thisgrarul scheme of the national After dilating further on the grand game now playing by that asked whether this government would be content to fiteepin security under such a state of and never take ustep to meet and counteract u system of po licy which aimed at our prosperity anJ if possible at the very existence of our republican institutions Wouldwe till she comes upon us like a thief tin thefliglu Did gentlemen forget that olliie lust fourteen warn in Kurope at least ten liaJ bsen commenced with out any formal declaration No Eog landWnukl not send us word she was The thunder of her cannon bethe voice in which she would the purpose of her heart to a and How much was done by Con gress to meet this In reading this of Secretary one would think the had just on a copy of Samuel Webbs speech at the Alba Convention of and without tfully Waisolf of the impor tant coneideratinns it presents or mag nanimity to acknowledge some thrown out some of iheleadiug hints in as Jo secureio himself 3ite honor of their We wiil in this or of Webbs only re questing our readers to restrain their expressions afsurprise at finding a Qua ker so discerning and skilful in rogurcl to tha of it is an old Uiat a bystander ofteii sees tho points of game better than he need not point to ths germs of K foreign wur tha day when tho relation between us and one or two of ilig powerful natjacs of will call or mow wisdom than u governs this to nrovt that my mrswrs of tijoreiij thai in to peculiar i will niyifij IVom uhroai toe Kurwpvan to u Hupposea draw u of iw ifnot the applause due to those who relieve the sire to monopolize the or from uny other or worse mo send a fleet with tight or tun thousand each with a mUe of if not with a com mission in his to take effect up on their arrival in land tiiis nucleus of an nnny or near or somo other southern offering freu and speedy fortunes totha renogudo and liberty and land to tho blacks who doubt but such an composed of the very elite of the military men of modern now out of and ripe for uny warlike trained under Wellington or could by such in a few seduce their standard one hundred thousand ablebodied colored and with theso march from New or to Philadelphia or Nor ravaging the intervening country with fire and and lay ing every town and along the seaboard under and thus make us pay the expenses of the war England was do ing this during the last only from a fowl lor their own islands ihat check is now entirely King of could a w ho had never be strode a anil in two weeks make him a first rate that time how much easier would be to qualify such an individual for sol dier which these so trained and tutored by the most expe riencedcaptains of the would be ted and iunured hunger and tions bayojul thcenduranue of northern JimMi is the valor of the freemea of that in a good cause they would accomplish arty thing but im possibilities but war hue proved that it fe to compete and the overwatchful ac customed to and privation all the and ma ny of the necessaries of ly acquaintedwith the topography and geography of the would be an overmatch Tor tentimes their number from the unaccustomed to the above tothe depriva tions and sulfcriiigs that would atlsnd tlicmamicJ tho miasmas oftrnlow lande and malaria of Ameri particularly when their cause is unjust before and in sight of In thisHvomlcn with but few ondthose narrow and intercepted by antJ an army muelvcxceeilinjroRe hundredlhiiiifiiindnien could not oper ate to A muchlarger num ber would be in each othere and woulu require more to sustain them thanthey were military point if were supported by amnratime with sufficientnuvalforces to insure them a supply in case of necessi and toprevent such n supply The only material difference between the views olHiie in re gard to the use of veesels of light both foraggression and de difference well accounted for by the advnnee which has been made initliat branch of Military science in the JuEt two years and a in oypry other mtpeot may be snW to be only what one lias said with Quaker simplicity the other clothes in the garb of otfjcial circumiocution and They are agreed in regard to ness of the dangcn and Us and the inevitabltness of the evils it entails upon tho The Secretary goes on to obvious that a ww thus ducted must be sucaessfuUo a very great in gpite nil the defences on land we cogld Nothing less the conversion of half our country military garrison could protect against Such is tlw exposed conditjon of our such is the cliaruiiter of our and our population of ivliO under thd military wcuiil uvuil us but VVbitet tho wnuiAed powers cf tho could rot euhiiue flvtvi a secandury novnl ovoid our land set our urtnios at nnd cute ttpinst vs a war Intolerably stnd is ih my the out ofthe ohar and the positiont secondary naval our land i prosecute intolerably horrassiifgji Do not say this isabolll tie South is brave and at This is tha officii of the actual condition and liati the country at this present Well might Senator Pierce declare la his hat we are in a worse paration for dufunoe than we were at commencement of tha last Considering the changes in our expo arising from the state of the social revolution in the West In and the advance made in the art of it not far from tha what does our slave holding Secretary of the speaking as tha mouth of a slweholding executive and a proslavery proposo to do about it What system of measurea does he recommend to meet this exigency J3oes foe tell us thrtt it is the dutyef thagovernment only to per form that which is but tint clearly impossible to defend such a country with such a mighty enemy cherished in Hs own and Ihat unless that great error in our social system can be the southern section of the country is and munt be abandoned at once in of a foreign wart The first idea that occurs to a slave when he wante a thing is to get somebody do it for and this applies as well dafenoe as to la shall be adequate to keep a foreign navnl Gruat Britain for gnfttitig access to Hostile elements of And as a force would be manned from tha north or free a double advantage would be as it would not only make thcrn men but would luavothe slave holders at home to watch We must ha imcsct tho enemy upon with mm trained and disciplined for the northern and nut him to land upon our trusting to a scattered and harrassed to expel hicu from their farma and their The hisiory ofthe two wars welj knows are not a precedent for fijturo tho slaves itha British West Indies am Ha says in regard to a that looking to it as the chiofhnot the oajy dafeocs of our meaning Iho sliwo figainst those wars of by which lie had before said a blow would be struck uj through our own and in which an would lini armed with a powor of that jpromifieeucceccto his at ajy in the southern portion oar would be in regard to the esttenj erf vul force wo cannot atop short of half Hipnaval Jorge of strongest muraiime power ioMje world1 Jess than our would only serveto triumpha and feetJ thp cupidity our that Utis botiento have noue at all than to have less tlinn is our The slave states of this in in ling us to feed with our bread ami ito clothe with our and enferoe with our an Ion which neither lonriohes nor cnno blea the but is at once a source poverty and and so far from adding thing to the nation al increases fourfold tho ex and difficulties of defence ard the horrors of And now thry come and tell tljat on this account at wo must hatred navy half qslargo that of Great tha nothing less will and it better have pt than tor have lew than That it is only on account ef we all because we all know bow thp coqntry has been well defended without any thing like in former when EDrqpean were so sltuatec in respect their owl that they could not aifajl Uf rough oqr own Imw rouclj is MS to do for their That wo should provide a navy 9 half the naval foroeottlis maratime power in the is hero is no other paww which in jinmineut danger of Our present twDwii IQ 64   

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