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   Lock Haven Express (Newspaper) - September 9, 1890, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania                                NINTH YEAH-NO. 163. LOCK HAVEN, PA., TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 9. 1890. PRICE-TWO CENTS EVENING EXPRESS KISSLOK BKOTHEKS---PUBLISHED CURRENT COMMENT Now it is New York City that wants i's inhabitants recounted. What this N.*ticn needs is n permanent eoowvB butci". Over 18,000 pupile were ilog^od m tl c Boston schools last rear. Tho Dwtcn sohuDls seems to bo given mostly to "manual training."_ Mine 8. E. Oarriety, a photographer of Chicago, is said to have an income of $10  000 a year as the result of her talent and energy in her line of work. North Carolina white cape are remarkably like the Ko-Klux of former dayi. They manifest the same relentless barbai-ity and fiendish desiro for vengeance. The? should be treated with a dose of odd loa 1 on their midnight visits. Swindlers are working among ths farmers, and overy few days a story cf their successful attempts to secure ths money of some self-confident granger is recorded. There is one eSectual and easy preventive against this class of losses. Ir is only for the farmers to take and read the papers; but too many of them tbinlc they cannot afford to waste their money in that way. Irbicution in the DakotaB, oither under State or National auspices, s�ms to be a necessity of tho near future. The rain fall of thoBe two progressive young State i Is too uncertain to be depended upon When it fails, everything fails and th > people suffer. With an adequate irrigation system a good orop oould be assurer each year. It appears from the annual repoit of tho New Orleans Cotton Exchange that the cotton orop of this year (the cotton year eDds August 3i) is the largest on record-7,311,539 bales, as against O.fiGS,-820 bales in 19S9, and 7,000,799 in 13SS. The increase will be taken oare of by new cotton-mills in the Southern States, of which 172 have been built within the last ten years:__ It will be seen from the opinion of Judge Mayer in another column that persons Who fail to pay their taxes can be imprisoned until the debt is liquidated. This opinion will especially affect non-property owners, as It is the intention of tho city authorities to enforoo the oolleotion of all delinquent taxes and those who have property will be subject to a lien if their taxes remain unpaid. There is a large amount of delinquent taxes which the city needB very much and which the authorities propose to collect. If yon have any taxes pay them promptly and save costs and trouble. TriE National Reform party is the name of a now organization started last week in 8t, Louis, the worthy object of which is to correot all the evils existing in this oountry. They demand the abolition of national banks, prohibition, government control of railroads, uniform marriageand divorce laws, a protest agaiuBt the alien ownership of lands, tariff reform, the regulation of eorporations and the restriction of paupor immigration. A national executive committee, on which the names of two women appear, waB chosen aud it is to be expected that the now party will take part in the oaropaigu of 1692. The platform aims high; too high, we fear, to bring down much game. The Cantata To Sight. To-night at the Opera House the beautiful musical cantata of Queen Either will be produoed under the direotion of Prof. J. A. Goodrich, who has been drilling a large olass of ladies and gentlemen for some time. The cantata is given under tire auspices of the Young Peoples Society of the English Lutheran oburch. A crowded houBe should greet the performers to night. A charming feature of the entertainment will be the military drill by a class of thirteen young ladies. Tho prices of admission will be 15, 23 and 35 cents. In Town Yesterday. T. P. Ryoder, the Centre county leader of tho Labor Greenback party, was in town yosterday for a short timo. lie came up from Philadelphia, and was on his way to his home at Milesburg. When asked by a representative of the Express whether bo was a candidate for StateSenator,he replied that thero was a movement on foot to nominate him for Governor on the Labor tioket. _ Steam Beat CoDmimers. Among those who are making arraogo ments to put in steam heat fixtures and heat their houses by steam this fall are T. C. Klatzinif, M-Ou street, and AI. W. WoCormick of Water mw'. Die Steam Company Mat'H Tbat 0-''.' jMO>.;><:(.t is tir/or able for quite a number o; new consumers, Tie < rjrilou o.f ::riv.' iriu frnutn mi WML.*'- *r J'�*k. s"  ''- i]'lh"'     a- Priwen �5   Iti I Cleveland.. Pittsburg... LEAGUE. ...32 ...ID players Won. Lost. Won. Lost. Boston..............71   42   Chicago............Vi   :n Brooklyn.........70   4H   Pittsburg.........Is   �I New York........W   17   Cleveland........to   i� Philadelphia...!!!   55   Buffalo.............SO   71 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION. Won. Lost.; Won. Loa. Louisville........hi   37   Toledo............,5ti   4s 8t. Louis..........02   ib    Athletic....._____53   54 Rochester........hri   50  'Syracuse..........tl    00 Columbus.........oS 148  'Baltimore........:i"    (J.K STRUCK BY LIGHTING. The  I illcef of the Pcinisylvjinia Komi at Altooua BhlJIv IJitniugiTcl. Altoosa, Sept, Sept. 8.-A few tniu-utsa before noon to-day lightuiug stiuck tho large block at tho corner of Elevonth avenue and Twelfth street, in which aio located the offices of the I'cun&ylvftD.a railroad. The buHdhiR was Bonu ablazo Tho brick structure and slate ruof greatly impeded the work of the firemen and the IjuWCm^ v. -..i ba.V.) ^ul'i'.i I; -.hs lire. Lire-.' '! if  y       <;i r-y'i  i the Cro desoendf d from a cbvsr sky, entering tho buildict* by means of a telegraph wire. The lightning aleo struck tho residents of George McClellan, on Union streot, and cut a wide swath through the house. Mr;j. Margaret Otto was knocked senseieBR and has not yet recovered consciousness. Several bystanders wore slightly injured. THE  ALLEGED  WKECKERS. Three Acrws'Sti !ffeu Now \u Ca&lotly-Moi e Wrecks. Albany, Sept. 8.-The mystery attend ing the apprehension of John Reed, wh> was detained in Superintendent BiSBell's office all day yesterday on suspicion cf being one of the Central train wreckers was partially explained this morning by the arrest of John Kiernan, West Albany, freight brakeman, living at 386 Second street, in Albany, and John Cordial, freight conductor, living at 585 Livingstone avenue. Both men are married and aro striking Knights, belonging to Local Aa-semb'v, No. 10,740. These two men worn avrssUul at 'hoir homes at 3 o'o'.nok thu morning, after a thorough search of th ghi tios on the main trunk. There v.-ere also two lies planed along side tho i ill toward Shu south as to elite!) the train. A Singular Accident. Jaoob Tigh, au unmarried, man, employed at the Lock ilaven Nail Mill, mot bis death about ten o'clock tins forenoon in a most singular manner. He was engaged in push'og a largo ball of heated iron from whe.e it was taken from the furnace to the rolls. The iron is carried on pulloys working on a rail which is suspended some 8 or 10 feet from the ground. Tigh was pushing tho ball of iron with a fork used T^r that purpose and wi.i walking along at a lively pace whon he was seen by bis fallow workmen to suddenly fall to the gioand. In his fall his head bent forward and when picked up it was found that his neck was broken His pulse continued to beat for about five minutes after he fell. Or. H. C. Lichton-thaler was sent for but the man was dead when he reached the mill. The doctor thinks that death was instantaneous. The man hrs no relatives iu this city, nor is if known where his relatives reside. His ago wiii between 50 and (.�0 years. The body wn taken to tho residence of Jeriy Crowley, ou H lilroad street, where bo boarded and from where his funeral will �-,k<) place to-morrow afternoon. Important Oise. An (-jfctmont suit was tried in Potter county iu which G. W. Olmstearl of Drift*- THE REPUBLICAN NOMINEES I -f.Woodward'were p,aced iu -T-^on. Harmonious Work of tlie County ConveL-tiou This Afternoon. A WIMKISG TICKET IN THE nEL^D �n !�m*   for  Confi.efie,   VreuarickB for A: flcmbly, .Xtft'orlp for Prothouotary, Boilt for Sheriff. Lovolnnd for Trengnrer. Mi Crea Tor  AgBoc:.ato Jtiifgit, WeUb and KlMell for Gommisblouera Tho Republican county conveution m6t Id the Court House at 2 o'olook this afternoon and when County Chairman Mnlone called the convection to order the court room was filled with delegates an bo uproiiiU-d cu;;:r   iipiKiilltcu t W. I).  Ii'irpiM. j i Fin,, ajul i>. It. i Alwny* That War. Detroit Free Tress. Twonty years ago a Georgia man was advised to oarry snuff in his pocket to throw into a mad dog's eyes, in case he ever mot one. He baa followed the advice right to the dot, but after all these years an old mule baoked up to bim the other day  ami kicked him off tbo face of the i UDiverHH. ; .ji'N'j V  ''-J.'iiMl.lHl'.JNI-.u.-. Tiio only cuMvr.i tbo convention wus tho nominations for County Commis-Biouor, and F. M. Welsh, of Bald Eagle: John C. Chatham, of Lock Haven; Eliss Cramnr, of Pino Creek and A. C. Kissal!. riiiisoNAL   pKirciUNas. Mrs. 1'. M, Christies is visiting friends iu Boston, Mubs. William ZelU-rb.of Bellofonto, ie circulating among his Look Haveu frieodt, to-day. Mrs. George O. Miller and Mrs. M. V. Roese, of Renovo, are visiting with Mr. and Mrs. J, F. Fortney near Msckey-ville. And K�-iit There Vntit P*yment !� Mftdo �r They are DUctmrced by Duo Coareo nt Law-They are A)no OollaclaMn by Distraining the Goouit and ChntteU of Tlione Who Kefofle to Pay. In the matter of applioaMon uf F. M. Smith for a discharge under a writ of habeas oorpns. The petitioner is a delinquent tax payer of the oity of Look Haven, was arrested and committed to the jail of this oounty, in parsuance of a warrant issued by the treasurer and receiver of taxes of the city of Look Haven directed to John Candor, oollector of the Second ward of said oity, of which the following is a oopy: "Clinton County, ss: The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to John Candor, constable of the oity of Look Haven, in said oounty, greeting: Whereas, F. M. Smith is now indebted to the oity of Lock* Haven in the tarn of one dollar for the following taxes, for the year 1889, to wif. City, City Bond, Poor, Water, Fire and Sinking Fund: These are to authorize and empower yon, as is provided in the charter of said oity and the supplements thereto, to distrain the goods and chatties of the said F. M. Smith, wherever the same may be found; and you are hereby oommanded to levy said taxes, besides the cost of levying thii warrant, by distress; and, it they be not paid, in the meantime u> make sale of tho said goods and chattels of the said F. M. Smith, giving due public notioe of such sale by written or printed handbills, pat up in the most public plaoeB in the said city. Aod, in ease goods and chattels cannot be found Bumoient to satisfy the said taxes and cost, you are hereby author-ized to take the body of the said F.M. Smith aod convey him to the jail of the said county and deliver him to the Sheriff or keeper thereof, who is hereby required1 to receive and keep bim in safe custody until the said taxes, with ocsts, &o , be paid or he be disoharged by due ooarae of law. And bow you have acted in the premises return to the City Treasurer at his offioe, on or before the sixteenth day of August, 1S00, ensuing, at whioh time have yon then there this warrant. Given under my hand and seal, at the said city of Look Haven, this 26th day of July, A. D, 1890. (seal) Geo. P. Shaffer, Cily Treasurer and keofiiver and Colleotor of Delinquent City Taxes." The petitioner proonred to be issued a writ of habeas corpus, and aeks to be released from the commitment under said warrant, on the ground tbat no autority is oontained In the charter of the oity of Look Haven, authorizing the arrest aud imprisonment of a delinquent tax payer. The single question presented for determination is, whether snob authority is oonferred by tbe termB of the Act incorporating the oity of Look Haven, approved, March, 1870. Sco. 26 of said Aot provides as follows: "Tbe said City Treasurer shall also be tbe receiver of taxes, to whom all taxes assessed and levied by the Conneil of Baid city shall be payable. Upon all taxes paid to said receiver on or before the first day of September, after the same shall have been assessed and levied, there shall be an abatement or deduction of five per oent. upon the amount thereof; upon all taxes paid to said receiver after tbe said first day of September and before the first day of January then following, an abatement or deduction of one per oent- per month, up to the first day of January, shall be allowed; upon all taxes not paid before the first day of January, after the same shall have been assessed and levied, there shall be added by the said receiver, to the amount ot said taxes, a penalty of five per oent. per month until the same are paid; for all taxes not paid before the said first day of January the said reoeiver is authorized to issne his warrant to any constable or constables of said city, to levy and oolleot the same by distress or otherwise; and the said oonBtables shall be allowed Buoh fees or obarges as tbey are authorized by law to charge and receive for like services: Provided, That all taxes assessed and levied by the Council of said oity shall be a lien npon the real and personal estate upon whioh they are assessed, without the right of exemption in the oolleotion of the same." Section 41 provides: *'That all aots of assembly now in foree touching or couopruing the borougb of Lock Haveu, aud ail the by-laws and ordinances of the said borougb of Lock Haven, not being inconsistent with the provisions of this aot, shall be and remain in fall force and virtue in tbe said oity, nntil the same shall be re-enacted, repealed, altered or supplied by other acts of assem-bly, or by tbe by-laws or ordinances enacted under the authority hereby given to the Conneil of said oity." In seotioo 49, it Ib providedj_ "Tbat all aots or parts of aots relating to tbo borough of Lock Haven, which are altered or supplied by the provisions of this act, are hereby repealed." The Act of Assembly, incorporating the butouiiU o'. La-.t Ilavau, aopr jv�d May 25. iy-10, contains the following provision: "M! or'iporly. otfiiifirn, professions and pirrone, nr.du --ixatiit by tlib l.iwp ot tbic o,*n)>r.onv;i.;'.ltl.i for uotiRty rate? and levies, sbiU bo lF.r.iib'iC alter tho mami^r, by this Kaiu bGriiii>;h, \v,\i\ -ril jiix. bikI !cvi^>- r.sscs?irr.N:d ucd lo^irri tl^ryiri. sbrtll be ii'ucvcreri :�. tbe ?^tie rm'.pr.fr, v. tli? couufy TAt'-' atyi tori";, of ib" ecnitr of Clinton are by law recoverable." The county rates and levies of the oounty of Clinton were oollcotcd under tbe provisions of tbe Aot cf Assembly of April 15th, IS34, which provides in the 21st section as folbwe: "If auy person sball neglect or refuse to make payment of the amount due by bim for such tax, within thirty days from the time of demand so made, it shall be tbe duty of the oollector aforesaid to levy snob amount by distress and sale of the goodl and chattels of sauh delinquent, giving ten days' publio notioo of Buoh sale, by written or priutod advertisements; and io case gno.'ls and chattels sufficient to satisfy tbe same with the costs oannot be found, such collector shall be authorized to take the body of such delinquent, and convey him to tbe jail of the proper county, there to remain until the amount of Buoh tax, together * ith the ooate, shall be paid or secured to be paid, or until he shall be otherwise disoharged by due oonrae of law." So that the taxs levied by the borough of Lick Haven wore oolleoted under and in pursuance of the provisions of this 21st section of the act of April 15tb, 1S34, and authorized the arrest and imprisonment of a defaulting tax payer. It follows then that if the 41st section of the Act of Assembly, incorporating the borongb of Lock Haven, is iu foroe in the oity of Look Haven, in regard to tbe oolleotion of its taxes, the warrant in this case was properly issued and the commitment legal. It is conceded tbat the power to arrest and imprison a tax payer for the non-payment of taxes must be oonferred iu express termB by legislative enactment, and tbat unless this power is found in the Aot of Assembly incorporating tbe oity of Look Haven, it does not exist and cannot be exercised, and tbe warrant issued by the City Treasurer would be illegal and the officer could not justify an arrest under it. It will, therefore, be neoessary to examine the provisions of section 21, in oon. neotion with section 41 it of the city's oharter, and determine whether a proper construction of tbem will sustain the exercise of the power claimed. Section 21 provides tbat "for all taxes not paid before the said first day of January, tbe said receiver (who is also the City Treasurer) is authorized to issue his warrant to any Constable or Constables of said oity to levy and oolleot the same by distress or otherwise. It is a fundamental rnle in the construe tioa of statutes tbat reasonable effaot must be given to the words whioh the Legislature employ. Aod where snob construction can be given, it is the doty of tbe Courts so to interpret them. "It is the doty of the Court to give effect, if possible, to every clause and word of a statute, avoiding, if it may be, any oon-strnotion whioh implies that the Legislature was ignorant of tho meaning of the language it employed."-Hontolair vs. Ramsdall, 107, U. S. 152. "And tbe fact that a given oonstrnction would make a word redundant is some reason for its rejeotion; for, it being presumed, wherever such a presumption ean be sustained, that the Legislature meant precisely what it said, no word in it is to be treated as unmeaning, if a oonstrnction can be legitimately fonnd whioh will preserve it and make it effootual."-Endlich on the Interpretation of Statutes, page 29. OppofJus. 22 Plok, 571; Dibblee & Co.'s case, 3 Ben., 2S3; U S. vs. Warner, 4 McLean, 4G3. It is also a rnle of construction, tbat a statute must bo oonstmed as a whole, and so construed that there should be no inconsistency or repugnanoy between its several clauses if Buoh construction is fairly possible. Guided by these rules of interpretation what ought to be tbe construction of tbe 2Gth seotion of the city's oharter ? When the legislature employed the word otherwise" in said Beotion they certainly must have intended Borne other mode of oolleotion than by distress, and tbat oolleotion by distress was not to.be exolusive, but if any other mode in addition to tbat by distress was provided in said oharter, it oould be resorted to. And as the 41st seotion gave to tbe oity the same power that was possessed by the borough of Look Haven, to arrest and imprison a delinquent taxpayer, we are of the opinion tbat the power to arreBt and imprison was not altered or supplied by tbe 2(i.h seotion. This construction gives effect to the word "otherwise" and does not work a repugnancy between tbe 26 h and 41st sections. The remedy by arrest and imprisonment was oumulative,aDd conld be resorted to for the oolleotion cf taxes dne the oily. The petitioner mu st, therefore, be remanded to the jail of tbe oounty, unless the taxes and costB are paid. C. A. Mayer, P. J. Literary Mote. The Forum (or September contains � political essay on "Money Interests io Politioal Affairs," by E. L. Godkin, editor Now York Ercninrj Post, in whioh Mr. Godkin traces to tbo growth of proteotion tho alarming and enormous influence of mosey in politics, which he regards as tho most Important political fact of Our tiuie. In I'""- �nine number Senator John T. Mori;r.f, 'if A!rtb?mft, rc;:I:fi& to S-jnalor Chandler':.. KSent aiti.-lo -,>j "Tbe Fedoral Octroi of Elc-MI,-;*." ^fyiejubur    .i.U.'. u> -.tit^r.v.v ,:i &uc iasi. tl^v to yi.iry.is hi!; u^dnucure a rebate.Better attend to it to-day for you might neglect it to-morrow. A town never has a obance to retorn { blow for blow when a cyclone strikes it.   

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