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Indiana Progress, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1911, Indiana, Pennsylvania THE OTPIANA PROGRESS WBPNB8PAY MOEMHQ DIP 87 DRIVING BOGUS Effective Work of State Bureau in Behalf of Consumer DEVICES OF ADULTERATORS Fousts Agents In Every County Vigorous Enforcement of New Laws The adulterators and poisoners of food products are being driven out ot business in Pennsylvania The deer urination of the state administration to protect the health of the people by the rigid enforcement of the pure food laws is removing the evils of an in dustry which in recent years has vadecl every community in this coun try The regulation of the manufac ture and sale of food products in Pennsylvania is being commented on approvingly by officials of the agri cultural department at Washington as well as by officials of the dairy and food commissions in every other state Effective legislation for the protec tion of the consumer from the manu facturer of bogus foods was made ne cessary by new conditions With the rapid increase of population there came a change in the methods of preparation and manufacture of food products unknown a quarter of a cen tury ago With these manufactures came the doper and adulterator And he increased and multiplied Hardly a commodity ttfat finds a place upon the table of the consumer escaped his sinister influence This state of af fairs led to the enactment of laws regulating the manufacture of food products and appropriations for their enforcement by the dairy and food commissioner Pure Food Campaign Statewide The fight for pure food for the peo ple is a notable feature of the admin istration of Governor John K Tener In many of his speeches during the campaign last year Governor Tenei emphasized the necessity of vigorous measures against the dopers and his pledges on the stump in this direction are being fulfilled This is made pos Bible by supplementary pure food en actments by the legislature at its re tent session James Foust the dairy and food commissioner who is direct ing the campaign against manufactur ers of bogus foods with marked abil tty has assumed an uncompromising attitude toward the violator of the pnre food laws Into every county the commissioner has sent agents to se cure evidence upon which to base pros The result of his vigorous methods are indicated by a long list of convictions during the past eight months The work of the food department in providing the consumer with products of high standard is illustrated by the enforcement of an act of the legisla tare signed by Governor Tener April 6 This legislation is aimed at the manufacturer of spurious sausages It defines the process of sausage making and establishes the lawful ingredients of that product by defining what are not lawful ingredients As the season is approaching when buckwheat cakes and sausage occupy a prominent In the breakfast menu the sausage producer is a busy man The Shrinking Sausage Links It has been the practice of many manufacturers to take 60 per cent of meat and add thereto 15 per cent of potato flour or some other cereal per mitting the addition of 25 per cent water which the flour would readily absorb The sausage looks all right in tbe market but when it is put into the frying pan it begins to shrink like a cake of ice in the sun When the cook makes a stab at the stuffed akin the water blows after the fashion of a bursted flre hose and the pleth oric link diminishes in size with amazing suddenness Now meat costs the butcher an av erage of 10 cents per pound and po tato flour is worth a trifle less than t cents while the water is clear profit hence the temptation to construct the sausage along unlawful lines Adulterations in the sausage line are not confined to the pork variety Bologna is mixed in much the same way and is also boiled in a harmful chemical concoction to give it a rich color all of which is forbidden by law Commissioner Foust insists that people who pay the current high prices for sausage are entitled to have their purchase all meat with the priv ilege of adding the other ingredients themselves if they so desire No Compromise With Offenders While the economical spirit of mod ern merchandizing manages to work up all of the animal including horns hoofs and intestines into byproducts In the future in Pennsylvania the pro duct must be just what it is represent when sold to the consumer or tho ftate bureau will know the reason Vby The commissioner has no desire to take snap judgment on any one or trouble because of real ignor and hence be gives fair warning 0 offenders The western sausage manufacturers others are urging that the en fflrcement of the law be suspended respect to goods bought by re tillers and placed upon their shelves to the passage of the sausage but Mr Foust has replied that manufacturers must take back goods Throughout tbe state Foust9 agents are at VQllf IBMUUf tb0 MD8ftB0 mftnufactur TM BiW law aiovldee that conviction manufacturer shall pay a line of not less than nor mow than or to undergo Imprisonment for not less than thirty days nor more than sixty days or cither or both In the discretion of the court Warning For the Oyster Man the coming of the II months the oyster dealer Is ajain active The skeptical buyer of the shucked bi valves may Inquire and how busy IB the pump The skeptical may take comfort The state nulons have consid ered his woes and provided for his re lief The dairy and food commissioner has instructed his force of agents to bo on guard that the unlawful busi ness partnership between the oyster pail and the pump shall be dissolved and the practice ended by which the public is compelled to pay the regu lar price of oysters 40 cents per quart for water and sorailed juice Recently n woman went to Commis sioner Founts office with a vessel con taining oysters She had paid 40 cents for the conterits On examination it was found that there was less than a pint of oysters The rest was ice and water The pure food law forbids the addition to any article of food of any substance cheaper than the original or anything that will adulterate it in any manner Some fish dealers are In the habit of buying oysters and filling up the tubs with ice The ice melts and the resultant water Is sold te the cus tomers as juice Under the law the customer is entitled to oysters pack ed as closely as they will lie to gether Commissioner Foust has informed the dealers of the laws requirements and any dealer who finds himself in the clutches of the law for adding ice or water to oysters will be prosecuted If the dealers want to avoid trouble they should sell their oysters from the original packages and plft he ice around the outside as the law re quires Milk Dealers Pay Fines The conviction of nearly 400 milk men for violating the milk law en acted by the legislature last spring FIGHTING DISEASE ON THE FARM Scientific Methods ot State Board in Protecting Live Stock Investments PUNS SAVING OF MILLIONS bas had a wholesome effect upon the dealer who regarded that lato with in difference During one month the new milk law was put to the test in 201 towns in flllytwo counties In towns there were violations showing that there was vast need for a law establishing standards of millc and cream purity in the state Agents ol the department discovered that many dealers scouted the law when they heard of its existence and continued to adulterate their milk and cream feeling certain that they would not be detected Milk dealers inmany communities had a system by which they were promptly informed of the arrival of the state agent and thus were en abled to conceal their practices Re cently the pure food agents have worked so quietly that they were en abled to secure samples from these violators without being suspected The first intimation the men who watered their milk had came when they were invited to tne magistrates office to pay a fine of They paid and de cided that in the end It would be more profitable to sell real milk and cream Now that the pasture months are closing and the price of butter has advanced the oleo man renews his smile Lest he forget the past and the householder be uneasy a warning word comes from the dairy and food commissioner The legislature permits the sale of oleo but only such as is kept free from all coloration causing it to look like yellow butter The su perior court in an opinion written by Judge Rice has declared that the law prohibits the sale of oleo made in re semblance of butter no matter by what process this coloration is se cured Upon this decision the com missioner takes his stand The legis lature regarded this provision so im portant for the protection of the con Burner and of the honest dealer and butter maker that despite great pres sure It refused at the last session to strike it from the law Convictions In Oleo Cases Cases brought by Commissioner Foust before the courts of Schuylkill Northampton and Venango counties for violations of the oleo law have been terminated by the conviction of the offenders Judge Kennedy of Al legheny county recently sentenced a dealer to pay a flue of and for one years parole for a second offense it Is significant that of all the federal oleo licenses issued in Plttsbuig by the internal revenue bureau for Uiu year beginning July 1 1911 not one was sought for the sale of colored oleo that is of oleomargarine colored by added lyes This is a marked im provement in a district where in recent years many federal licenses were issticd lor the sale of such oleo Illegal in Pennsylvania and where moonshin ers sold great quantities of dyed oleo without taking out either federal or state licenses The food bureauls agents have been instructed to visit every stoiv in their respective districts and vigi lantly wee to it that the law is obeytni During Governor Tenors adminis tration embracing the period from Jan 17 to Oct t the dairy and bureau analyzed about 8000 food sam ples and prosecutions to the number of about 1000 were started These prose cutions were based upon violation of laws regulating the sale of eggs doptd fruit syrups ice creams low in lard fresh meats drugged with sul phites milk low in fat and coutuinius formaldehyde nonalcoholic drinks sweetened with saccharin a poison and including ginger ale containing pepper foods adulterated in various ways in cluding oleomargarine fresh sausage containing flour and water vinegar distilled or colored and other products The campaign for pure food does not cost the taxpayer a dollar On the contrary although not intended to be a revenue collecting agency the state bureau is more than selfsupporting During the period of January to Octo ber the dairy and food commissiunei collected in fines and from other sources The total disbuWe meats of his office were All receipts of the office are turned into the state treasury for the use of the commonwealth tbe espeases of tbe bureau being paid ram 4 Vigorous Campaign Against Bovine of Laboratory Work to Stockmen and Veterinar ians A state board at Harrisburg pro poses to save the farmers of Penn sylvania five million dollars a year It is estimated that the farmers of state annually lose live stock that amount of money by diseases which can be prevented The State Live Stock Sanitary Board has rendered valuable service to the Pennsylvania farmer since its organization fourteen years ago but its work appears to have only begun The last census shows that there are farms in Pennsylvania and that the value ot the live stock on these farms is The plans ol the state board to protect this investment from pre ventable losses from disease u be ing closely followed not only by live stock raisers and breeders of the United States but by those abroad Pennsylvania was the first state to organize and properly equip a labor atory where diseases of animals could be studied and recognized It has proven of inestimable value to stock men and veterinarians It is located at the veterinary school in Philadel phia where all possible facilities are employed to study the mysterious dis eases of animals The laboratorys under the direction of Dr Karl P Meyer who was trained in the best schools of continental Europe Dr Meyer also has charge of experimen tal work on the state farm which is located in Delaware County He with his staff of qualified assistants are engaged in studying the diseases of domestic animals in Pennsylvania At the same time they are engaged in the preparation of many test fluids such as tuberculin mallein for the diagnosis of disease The preparation of vaccine and sera for all diseases against which preventive vaccination measures can be taken are made in accordance with the latest advance ments of science Wide Range of Laboratory Work Since Jan 1 1911 doses of tuberculin 1000 doses of anthrax vac cine and sixty gallons of hog cholera serum have been prepared in the lab oratory and distributed among Penn sylvania farmers free of cost These three products alone if purchased in the market would have cost practi cally more than half the amount of money appropriated for laboratory work for the next two years Hog cholera causes the larg est proportionate loss of any disease of swine and this industry represents a money value of over six million dol lars Much of the laboratory work has been done under adverse circum stances but ample facilities are now provided for doing the work under the best and safest conditions and much better results may be expected In the future During the period referred to the laboratory examined 550 pathological specimens sent in by local practition ers In many cases the cause of the disease was discovered and valuable information furnished for handling it The diseases caused by poisonous plants and parasites have been made the subject of special investlgat The laboratory has gained an Interna tional reputation on account of its tu berculosis research work and it is hoped that with the improved facili ties and equipment furnished by the state that it will take a prominent place among those of the countries of Europe in velerlnry research work The fight of the board against bo vine tuberculosis Is an impressive fea ture of its efficient service to the cat tle industry This was one of the first animal diseases to receive the boards attention The plans for handling It were carefully made and Judiciously executed The first tuberculin testing In America was done by the late Dr Leonard Pearson and a vigorous campaign against this disease has been directed Menace of Bovlno Tuberculosis The laws and rules regulating the boards work are recognized IB the best by veterinarians through out the country Recently dur ing six weeks 3742 head of cattle brought into Pennsylvania for dairy purposes were submitted to the test Of this number twentythree failed to pass the test During the prime period 952 native cows for farm ers and forty were condemned and safely eliminated from the herds Dealers are becoming more In sympa thy with the work of testing animals properly before offering them for sale Dairymen are much more careful in purchasing dairy cattle that are free from tuberculosis than they were for merly The most intelligent realize that a dairy business cannot be con ducted profitably unless the disease is checked The importance af keeping tubercu losis free herds is still more apparent la breeding herds All states in which dairying to carried w nave laws requiring that dairy and breeding cattle nuiHt bo properly test ed before they can be accepted from another state or country It is impera tive that dealers dairymen and breed ers should observe the laws rules and regulations for shipping cattle from one state to another In accord ance with the requirements of the state live stock sanitary board The federal authorities havte wisely pro vided that cattle falling to pans a tu berculin test cannot be shipped or from one state to another Rabies Is one of the most Itnportant diseases with which the state board has to deal A rabid dog frequently bites and infects several animals in a herd and the owner is not aware of Its visit until the animal bitten shows symptoms of a strange disease that ia diagnosed properly until veterinarian in called Decline of Sheep Industry A few years ago Pennsylvania rank ed high as a sheep raising state while at the present time comparatively few sheep are kept The decline followed to a marked degree the development of mining in the western section of the state not only because the mining rpera tions decreased the amount of pasture lands but because of the great num ber of foreigners who worked in the mines and gathered about them a vast horde of worthless dogs over which they had little or no control These dogs were underfed not confined and roamed about fought with other dogs and spread rabies through those sec tions During two months of this year thirtyfour cases of rabies were re ported from twentyfour counties and in five additional cases the diagnosis of rabies was made at the laboratory Quarantines to the number of 161 were served on 425 animals and they were kept under close observation for 100 days In four communities it was riec essary to establish general quarntines which covered territory ranging in size from one to townships In ad dition to suppressing and eradicating the disease the state board through representatives in the field is endeav oring to educate farmers as to the symptoms presented by different ani mals affected with rabies Anthrax has been prevalent in sev eral sections of the state for years and in some cases the losses have been high For the past few years the board has recommended the annual spring vaccination of animals against anthrax in sections where the disease has been known to exist Expense Borne by the State The work is done atthe expense of the state and the results have been uni formly satisfactory In addition to the annual spring vaccination 457 animals were immunized this year during July and August in five counties Blackleg occurs occasionally in all portions of the state It has many points in common with anthrax and preventive vaccina tion is the only means known for checking it The state board has been remarkably successful in fighting it A quarantine against Texas fever has been maintained by the federal bureau of animal industry for years yet occosionally native cattle are con fined in sheds driven across chutes or shipped in cars that have been con taminated by southern cattle and have not been properly cleaned or disin fected During the past summer three outbreaks occurred in Pennsylvania In each case the disease was recog nized promptly and its spread imme diately checked Nearly 200 animals were exposed and twentyfour died The board employs agents to su pervise slaughter houses in the rural districts of the state As a result the rural slaughter houses now are better equipped cleaner and far better man aged than ever before Many dis eased carcasses which would have found their way to the table if they had not been discovered by these have been condemned and de stroyed The state provides money to pay the owner the appraised value of a condemned tuberculous carcass so he will not be tempted to dispose of It for food purposes to prevent his own loss Support of Tener Administration A milk hygiene service recently has been organized Three qualified agents have been selected to travel through the state and assist the local agents in carrying out the requirements1 of the board The bulk of the work will be carried pn by local veterinarians principal duties at first will be along educational lines The live stock sanitary board has received the support of every legis lature since its organization The favorable attitude of Governor John K Tener is indicated by his deep Interest in its work and his ap proval of measures intended to in crease its efficiency Governor Tener IB president of the board Itp work is directed by Dr C J Marshall state veterinarian and one on the highest authorities in this country on the dis eases of domestic animals B B 1912 muslin underwear Next week Tuesday Jan nary 2 this store will show the new Muslin Underwear stock of fine Mus lin Undergarments we ever presented and prices away below any in recent years Night Gown 8670 is one of the exceptional new ones extra fine White Nainsook low neck open front shor sleeves trimd with embroid ery lace an ribbon beading both bad and front alike New 1912 Night Gown 50c to The Time to Purchase Bonds The attention of investors is called to the fact that the present market is a peculiarly good one in which to make purchases of bonds yielding from 5 to Standard Railway Public Utility and Corporation issues are being offered generally at most attractive prices to yield from 5 to 6 an time list of Traction Water Works other bonds Thli house hat thoroughly examined these issues before their chue That this examination is efficient ii indicated by the fact that tM organiMotion ofthit company thtn hat ntvtr ban a dayt May In MM mint of tithir principal or on any bond which It Ma brought art Onr municipal department ii offering at this time a large and attractive fist w bonds many of which conform to the requirements of the United States Govern ment to secure deposits under the Postal Savings Bank law The bonds are offered W yield from to 4 Jt In the list are bonds which are tax exempt in various stalls Send for our latest list of offerings and for our booklets Assets for Business Firms Works Bonds as an Invatment We are represented in Indiana by C M KENNEDY J S W S KUHN Inc Investment Bank for Building Pittsburgh Pa GIRLS REGULATION Brown Garnet ot Black grade of Serge youll usually find in Suits at a half more and made correspond ingly Regulation 6 to 14 BUHL NORTH SIDE PITTSBURGH PA Jehn H Hill Attorney RULE ON HEIRS In tue Orphanii Court of Indiana County of Edward Loudermllk Deceased INDIANA COUNTY 88 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to the heirs ot Edward Loudermllk late of White township Indiana de ceased towit Edward Loudermllk Philip Loudermllk Mary intermarried with Henry Nollle John Loudermilk and Jacob Londermllk all residingin Alle gheny county Pa Mrs Mary Londer mllk widow of Henry Loudermllk a de ceased son towlt Clara wife of John Craig Mary wife of George McKey and John Loudermllk all of Allegheny coun ty Pa The children of Christ Louder milk a deceased son TZ William Loud er milk Olive Loudermilk Minnie Lond ermllk and Christy Loudermllk all re siding in Allegheny county minors of whom 3 Blair Sntton to guard tan litem You oach of JOB ate oevebr PHILADELPHIA NEW YORK CHICAGO BOSTON Give Us a Trial faction Guaranteed If you are not a customer of this mill come wltb a grist and get ac quainted and we will guarantee you satisfaction We want to assure oar old customers that we can give to you better service than ever before and no mill in he county can give you better accommodations WE WANT YOU TO TEST mill has been remodeled And recleaned from cellar to garret and we feel confident that we begin business better equipped to1 serve your every want than ever before You have few wants that cannot be supplied here Besides keeping a largi stock of Flour Feed we have on hand Fertilizer and Lime Salt Oliver Chilled Plows Paper and Rubber Roofing and Paint by the Gallon or Barrel which we can supply at hard time prices In connection with our flouring mill business we conduct a general store where you will find a fresh stock of Groceries Dry Goods Light Hardware Notions and every article usually found in a first class general store Highest prices paid for Country Produce ROSSriOYNE FLOURING MILLS FRANTZ BROTHERS ROS8MOYNB PBNN8TLVANIA manded to be and appear in your proper ipe dg persons before the of the Orphans Court at DID Orphans Court to be holden at Indiana in and for said county on the first Monday of Marca next then and there to accept or refuse the real estate of the said Edward Loudermllk deceased at the vnlmntion put upon it by au inquest duly awarded towit A tract of land situate in White town ship Indiana county containing acres and valued and appraised at per acre and amounting to the sum of or show cause why the same should not be sold according to law Witness the Honorable S J Telford President of our said Court at Indi ana the 12th day of December A D 1911 T BLAIR SDTTON Clerk O C H WALLACE THOMAS Sheriff Sheriffs Office Indiana Deo 13 1911 Jebn L Getty Attorney Rule on Heirs In the Court of Indiana County Estate of Daniel bnycler Deceased INDIANA COUNTY KS The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to Ad am Snyder nnd George S Bnyder both of Indiana the children of Sophia Kliugenberger a deceased sister as fol lows Laura now deceased intermar ried with Samuel aearer leaving to sur vive her five children towit Sherman Arthur Harry Clyde and Mabel Shear er all of whom are minors residing in White aud ot whom J Blair But ton IB guardian ad lltem Lena intermar ried with Henry W Juergen of No 2722 Oceau Avenue Dormant Allegheny Annie Myers intermarried with H Clyde Myers of Lucerne Center town ship Indiana the children of Margaret Garland a deceased sister to wlt Anna Belle intermarried with Wm M Smawley No 41 High street North Braddock Eliza Jane intermarried with James K Sellers No 232 First street S B Washington D Bessie Intermarried wltli Itaulleu E McKenzle Julian Center Danlei Garland No 41 High street North Braddock and John Edgar Garland No 318 East Sixth Avenue Altoona Pa You and of you are hereby com The Pltteburg Gazette Times the Progress to Rural Delivery Pftt rous only notice year until further John II Pierce Attorney ADMINISTRATORS NOTICE Letters of administration on the estate ot David Overdorff lute of Brusbvalley town ship deceased having been granted the undersigned those having claims against said estate are requested to present them duly authenticated for settlement and those knowing themselves to be Indebted are requested to make prompt payment OLIVEH S OVEBDOKBP Administrator It D 2 New Florence Pu December 13 1011 My wife havingleft my bed without just cau is hereby givr little tot manded to be and appear in your proper persons before the Judges or the Orphans Court to be holden at Indiana in and tor A B C of Real Buckwheat Flour Too many consumers of Buckwheat Flour are governed by sentiment and some and have an impression that the blacker the Buckwheat Flour is the purer and in order to get the pure Buckwheat Flour it must be purchased from some tumble down old water mill in a sleepy hollow district that has no cleaning machinery init and grinds the gravel shucks sdirt and part of the straw and buckwheat altogether and of course the flour is black but its far from pure Our system consists of a gravel picker and three cleaning machines which thor oughly removes all foreign matter after which the clean wheat goes to a shucker or huller and the shucks or black hull is removed Then we have left the kernel or the pure meats which are ground on French Buhrs not rolls and bolted on the best system of bolting reels and the product is nice clean white short Buckwheat Flour and you can taste the aroma of the buckwheat in the cakes and will only have to be used once to be appreciated PENN ROLLER MILLS DAVID ELLIS SON said county on Monday ot March next theu and thtre to accept or refuse the real estate of the said Daniel Suyder late of Indiana borough deceased ut the valuation put upon it by an inquest duly awarded towit A lot of ground situate In the Second Ward of Indiana Borough on Phila delphia street valued and annralsed at or show cause why the same should not be sold according to law or sliow cause why the same should not be sold according to law Witness the Honorable B J Telford President of our said Court at Indiana the ISMi day of December A D 1011 J BLAIR O C H WALLACE THOMAS Sheriff Sheriffs ludiuuu Dec 13 1011 D H Tomb Attorney ADMINISTRATORS Letters of administration on tbe estate of Nancy Bowser late ot West Wneatfleld township deceased having been granted tbe undersigned those having against said estate are requested to vent tbem duly autl and kno Mat f town JOSEPHINE POULTRY FARM JOSEPHINE PA ReferencesBank of First National Bank Black I4ek WHITE PLYMOUTH ROOKS BARBED PLYMOUTH BOOH COLUMBIAN WYANDOTTES All thoroughbred stock great winter Variety was obtained at a fancy price from the recognized leading spec ialty breeders Therefore our birds are of the best x in prizes offered to the two persons showing the belt exhibit at next county fair of birds bought from up or hatched from eggs shipped by us Write for further particulars OOOKBBEL8 to PULLETI BOM fiftMtt
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