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Indiana Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1996, Indiana, Pennsylvania A6 The Indiana PA Gazette CjNTERNATIONAp Sunday April Memorial held for first victim of war in Bosnia By SAMIR KRILIC Associated Press Writer SARAJEVO BosniaHerzegovina A drop of my blood was shed so that Bosnia can These words on a plaque unveiled Saturday com memorated the first victim of the citys war 24year old medical student Suada Dilberovic and more than other Sarajevans killed during the 3Myear Serb siege of the Bosnian capital Dilberovic was shot and killed at a peace rally on April More deaths followed swiftly as the Serbs terrorized parts of the city held by the Muslimled government Friends and colleagues wept as a city official Fahrudin Kulenovic unveiled the memorial and re named the infamous Vrbanja bridge where scores were felled by snipers during the war in Dilberovics honor The Bosnian Serb leaders who insisted that Bosnias ethnic groups could not live together seem still stubbornly defiant Despite heavy international pressure for the three sides to release all prisoners by midnight Friday the Serbs did not comply Now the Serbs risk being excluded from a major conference on reconstruction in Brussels Belgium on April 1213 said Michael Steiner the No 2 civilian official in charge of implementing peace The Bosnian government and Bosnian Croats partners in the MuslimCroat federation that shares Bosnia with the Serbs did comply and can thus expect to be included in Brussels Steiner said Satur day I think that Mr Karadzic has made a serious miscalculation in this he said referring to Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic The Serbs under the conditions we have now would not be in a position to take part in the donors Steiner said The continuing political tension and the enormity of suffering have left Bosnians on all sides wondering what purpose their agony served and how on earth they endured It is very sad for me to stand here and still not know why Suada was Mirela Hadzic 27 said Friday laying flowers on the bridge now named in honor of her friend Dilberovic This whole war is a misery nobody should go If it wasnt for the destruction clearly visible all around us one might think that war was just a nightmare we all said Amela Hodzic 30 walking down Sarajevos main street May 1992 marked the start of the heavy shelling that left no street unscathed The bridge Unking gov ernmentand Serbheld parts of Sarajevo across the narrow Miljacka river was laced with mines removed only recently as an uneasy peace descended Perhaps the bridges bestknown victims were a young couple who became known as Sarajevos Romeo and Juliet Bosko Brkic an ethnic Serb and Admira Ismic a Muslim tried to run away from the horrors of war by dashing across the bridge in May 1993 The 25yearold lovers were hoping to reach Belgrade in neighboring Yugoslavia marry and build a life Ninety feet from safety Bosko was felled by a machine gunner Admira was wounded She crawled over and cradled him then died For six days they lay in silent embrace the area where they fell covered by snipers from both sides Another plaque unveiled Saturday commemorated two French peacekeepers killed in a Shootout with the Serbs last May on the Vrbanja bridge More than people are estimated to have died or disappeared in Bosnias war More than million Bosnians fled or were driven from their homes In Sarajevo alone people including children were killed according to the Bosnian Health An unidentified couple with a baby visits the Urbanja Most Bridge in Sarajevo Flowers and a plaque were placed there in memory to Suada Dilberovic who was killed there by a Bosnian Serb sniper four years ago Dilberovic was the first of over Sarajevans killed in the Bosnia War AP photo Ministry A total of people including children were wounded Although only some 100 people attended Saturdays bridge ceremony memories of years spent dodging snipers bullets and running for cover from deadly shell shrapnel remain fresh The fear we lived with for so long cannot be forgotten that said Salih Custic 45 Even today the noise a tram makes as it passes by always makes me It was a good week for Yeltsin hes back in race By MICHAEL SPECTER Times News Service MOSCOW It has been a long time since President Boris N Yeltsin has had a week this good He started it last Sunday by announcing a peace plan for Chechnya and he ended it late Saturday afternoon telling core supporters We will win in June so that Russia can never be called an evil empire In between he set off with a fistful of promises to Communistdominated south ern Russia and watched with delight as his once anemic ratings in opinion polls edged within striking distance of his main oppo nent in the presidential race Gennadi A Zyuganov the Communist leader People who said he was through were said Boris A Grushin a sociolo gist who runs a wellknown polling firm here He has a long race left and may or may not win But the idea that he isnt a serious candidate must now be discard Yeltsins current success may well be ephemeral But after months in which he was hardly even seen in public he has suddenly become very public and highly energetic In a single week he has reminded people of the power of the presidency dispens ing largess in the form of raises pensions tax breaks and home loans like a benevo lent czar and the stark choice the voters will surely face in the election in June When Yeltsin talks about the Communist era these days he talks about Stalin he talks about labor camps and he talks about sorrow And he is talking about it a lot On Friday he suggested that three leading Communist legislators should be in prison not in parliament The attack drew sharp protests but it hit its mark the Commu nists are now responding to him It is no longer the other way around Yeltsin still has many significant prob lems He has no real economic strategy other than to promise nearly everyone in Russia money to improve their lives His peace plan for Chechnya has already faltered so badly that Saturday he was forced to send the Chechen rebel leader Dzhokhar M Dudayev a telegram prom ising him that Russian military activity had stopped It is not known whether the telegram got to Dudayev but as usual Saturday night Russian television reported widespread fighting in the secessionist republic in southern Russia Opinion polls show that Yeltsin while gaining on Zyuganov is still deeply dis liked But Yeltsin seems to understand that Perhaps his most notable achieve ment this week was hi recognizing voters anger and trying to humble himself before a Russian public that loves repentance almost as it loves a strong occasionally wayward leader I can tell you honestly that I am not satisfied with the job I have done during my Yeltsin said Saturday before the gathering of his major support ers which was broadcast on national television Nearly half of the population lives badly while 10 percent live very Parasitic capital is being formed and the national wealth is being divided but not he continued speaking lines that almost completely mirror the major points of Zyuganovs most common stump speech Yeltsin seems to have taken a bold step He has decided that if he can simply adopt some of the Communists most powerful polemics about the weak state of the nation the troubled progress of economic reform the need once again to be a world power while protecting the rights of plain working people the voters might support him He has little choice Working Russians are fed up with broken promises and the deteriorating quality of their lives That and not ideology is why they often support the Communists In his trip through the Belgorod region this week Yeltsin seemed to understand that He made a big show of visiting beautiful new brick homes that could not have been imagined only a few years ago But that is where the 10 percent who are so hated live and most of them support the president For the rest he has decided to bank on the hope that no matter what they think of him people will not vote to return this country to the absolute control of communism The question now is whether those people are going to believe his many new promises If a man who has not been paid for three months suddenly starts receiving his salary on time and that is happening across Russia now does that make him forget the last three months or will it only make him think he is being manipulated for political reasons The answer is not yet clear know what his shortcoming said Boris A Lokoltkin a metal worker in the Belgorod region which Yeltsin visited on his first campaign trip this week We understand what he is doing now But that doesnt mean we have to vote for the Communists Maybe we can use this election to get him to He already has at least on paper Yeltsin said that he thought that reform should progress though with correc He has jettisoned many of his liberal advisers and replaced them with people who take a far harder line on the economy and foreign affairs But he has also clearly decided that even abasing himself to a man he has hunted for a year Dudayev is better than offering no peace agreement at all Yeltsin is constantly said Igor Klyamkin head of the Public Opinion Foundation a liberal polling group But the voters will strip all the promises away and he knows it In the end it is a very basic and significant choice Its going to be the reforms or the Communists This week Yeltsin finally seemed to understand that Now he has to get the voters to understand it wont lift sanctions Life more miserable for citizens of Iraq ft A VOLCANO ERUPTS Cabanas at the Vue Point Hotel in Old Town Monterrat are dwarfed by ash and steam clouds being spewed by the Soufriere Hills volcano on Saturday The entire southern portion of Montserrat including the capital city of Plymouth has been evacuated AP photo By LOUIS MEIXLER Associated Press Writer UNITED NATIONS With a strangling embargo making life increasingly miserable for Iraqi civilians diplomats are questioning wheth er they will ever again impose such a complete cutoff in trade The United Nations banned virtually all trade with Iraq 5 years ago as punishment for its invasion of Kuwait and to pressure President Saddam Hussein into dismantling Iraqs ability to field weapons of mass destruction Yet Saddam retains a firm hold on power and weapons inspectors report a lack of full cooperation from the Baghdad regime Mean while his people are so desperate they are selling their belongings in the streets to raise money to buy food To soften the misery the United Nations has offered for years to allow Iraq to sell some oil under supervision to raise money for imports of food medicine and other humanitari an supplies But Saddam refused saying that would be an affront to Iraqs sovereignty The United Nations put forward a new proposal last April to permit Iraq to sell billion of oil every 90 days and a third round of negotiations on the offer opens Monday There is no support in the Security Council for lifting the sanctions until Iraq dismantles its banned weapons programs But there is a growing belief that the Iraq experience proves the economic sanctions strate gy is flawed because sanctions cause the greatest suffering to the people least responsible for incurring them I dont think it will ever happen Egyptian Ambassador Nabil ElAraby said It was too harsh and it affects the people and we dont want to affect the Although the embargo has crippled Iraqs economy it has not achieved the real goal of many council members forcing the ouster of Saddams government The theory in Iraq is that you make things so bad for the population that they pull up their socks and overthrow the said William Durch a senior associate at the Henry L Stimson Center a think tank in Washington The problem is that the dictatorship controls the resources and the Rather than force quick concessions sanctions often encourage totalitarian governments to stiffen their resolve If you have sanctions on Iraq and in effect wont lift them as long as Saddam Hussein isnt killed or thrown out of office obviously he will resist said Charles William Maynes editor of Foreign Policy magazine The ambassador to the United Nations Madeleine Albright acknowledged in late March that neither war nor sanctions nor diplomatic isolation have altered Saddams Arab states fear the pain inflicted on Iraqi civilians will embitter them toward their neigh bors Baghdads former trading partners question why they too have to suffer from the embargo Russia and France key Iraqi trading partners before the war have repeatedly complained that sanctions have cost them billions In the future diplomats are likely to try to take more careful ami at a government in power and not suffocate an entire economy For example sanctions might target the overseas bank ac counts of leaders or their ability to travel abroad Embargoes also are likely to include relief valves such as measures to provide for humani tarian aid When we impose sanctions we must make sure they are targeted against the real said Botswanan Ambassador Legwaila J waila who was Security Council president in March It is the offending government that must feel the pain The people of Iraq are innocent But it is difficult to target a totalitarian government without strangling the economy it dominates Even harsh sanctions can take years before achieving their goals Economic sanctions against South Africa lasted about a decade before the apartheid government fell Although the United Nations slapped Haiti with an economic embargo in May 1994 banned foreign travel fay 600 police and military officers and recommended a freeze on their foreign assets the ruling military junta left office only after being threatened with a US military invasion Cuba moves to silence growing voice of journalism By ANTHONY DePALMA Times News Service HAVANA In the six weeks since Rafael Solano was arrested and taken to the villa that houses Cubas feared state security compound the telephone in the journalists home has rung like clockwork every 27 minutes day and night a persistent reminder to his family and his colleagues who gather there that the work they do is considered treason by the Cuban government Usually there is no one on the line Occasionally a voice mutters threats Attempting any kind of indepen dent journalism in Cuba has always been dangerous but it has become more so since February when the government clamped down on the local dissident organization known as Cuban Council On the same day the group was supposed to have met Feb 24 Cuban Air Force jets shot down two unarmed planes piloted by members of a Miamibased anti Castro organization Solano was arrested two days later and accused of delinquent association a charge the govern ment employs to deal with what it considers to be subversive activity Solano 44 was one of Cubas leading radio and newspaper jour nalists until last May when he formed Havana Press an indepen dent news agency The journalists who belong to the agency file their reports primarily with Radio Marti the Floridabased broadcast service that is financed by the United States The Cuban government considers Radio Marti an American attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro Cuban offi cials said men like Solano are sub versives not journalists and their association with Radio Marti consti tutes a crime against the state Julio Martinez Garcia a member of Havana Press who was inter viewed at Solanos house said that all members of the agency are professional journalists who had long careers working with the gov ernmentcontrolled press until disil lusioned they left They are not paid for their stories for Radio Marti Martinez said and must rely on money from other news outlets and on their families for support At one time we all were aligned heart soul and life with the sup posed socialist Martinez said But then when perestroika began in the Soviet Union and we began to see the real face of the socialism there that we in Cuba had been following it was a great revela William A Orme executive director of the Committee to Protect Journalists in New York which has supported Cuban journalists said that the line between journalism and political activism can be blurred What it means to be an indepen dent journalist in a society like Cubas is in effect to be a political Orme said The organi zation has sent a letter to the Cuban government protesting Solanos ar rest and was instrumental in the release last year of another indepen dent journalist Yndamiro Restano who was serving a 12year sentence on a charge of rebellion Rolando Bonachea director of the Office of Cuba Broadcasting an agency of the Voice of America which oversees Radio Marti said the reporters at Havana Press and other independent news agencies are important contributors to Radio Marti All the news they send to us is verified first and then presented with high journalistic Bonachea said The fact is that these men and women are greatly persecuted by the Cuban govern ment because they are so effective in telling the Solano is being held at Villa Maris ta in Havana the central offices of Cubas powerful state security agen cy He is allowed brief visits on Friday mornings His mother Pe tronila Morales said he has lost weight during his detention and both his legs have started to swell If my son hasnt committed any crime if he only is a journalist until when are they going to keep him detained she asked Did they imprison him because he spoke the truth The last time Mrs Morales visited her son he told her he could be imprisoned for up to three years In a fiery speech before the Com munist Party assembly last month Raul Castro Cubas defense minis ter and the brother of the Cuban president lashed out at the vestiges of a free press in Cuba We main tain and will maintain that a genu inely free press is that which serves the liberty of our he said not that which serves the exploiters who spy on us from But Roberto de Armas an official in the American section of the Foreign Ministry said that the ar rest of Solano had nothing to do with a government crackdown The arrest of Solano was nothing he said There has been no change whatsoever in the internal politics of the Police gave him three choices stop writing for Havana Press leave Cuba or spend the next 15 years in prison
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