Thursday, November 20, 1986

Gettysburg Times

Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

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Gettysburg Times (Newspaper) - November 20, 1986, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania THE Founded 1902 Gettysburg Times VOL. 84, NO. 257 GETTYSBURG, PA. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1986 30c battle may pop cork on sales I Gross National Product Revised Figures Real GNP Trillion 3rd Quarter Source: Commerce Dept. Economy rebounds steredbyaboomin car sales and heffy defensespending, grew at a respectable 2.9 percent annual rate last summer, substan- tially better Uiaa the dismal per- formance during the spring, the gov- ernment reported Wednesday Trial resumes ani in trial of two Palestinians accused of carrying oat a terrorist bombing in West Berlin resumed to- day amid mounting domestic press- ure for diplomatic action if a Irak is found and the attack Ahmed Nawaf Hasi and Farouk Salameh are charged withattempted murder and arms violations in the March bombing of the German- Arab Friendship Society offices in West Berlin, IB which nine people were injured. xfa nitb-tnal statements, they said that the attack apparently was plot- ted in Syria and that the explosives were smuggled intoEastBerhnfrom Damascus, the Syrian capital Syria has denied involvement Forms new unit police have formed a new unit specially trained to resolve hostage and terror- 1st emergencies. Slate police commissioner Jay Cochran said the Special Emergency Response Team will be trained in aspects of negotiation, conversatibn- al analysis and Intelligence The 23-roember team underwent Uiree weeks of training and have been assigned in southeastern Penn- sylvama, Cochran said OKs bonding Mil state House has approved legislation that would allow local commercial and in- dustrial development authorities to float taxable bonds for raising in vest- ment capita] The bill, passed 192-0 on Wednes- is designed to provide the local groups with more flexibility in rais- ing funds. The local authorities have only been able to issue tax-exempt bonds that are now restricted by federal law. Mfeatfter Torfght: An 80 percent chance of rain. Low hi the mid to upper 30s. Friday: Becoming mostly sunny -and windy. High in the nud to upper 405. Extended: Skies will be fair Satur- day. Low will be the nuddk 20s to ftemiddkaOs High will be in the 40s to the tower 50s. Chance of rain Sun- day-Low will range from 35 to 40 with tbe high in the middle 40s to the mid- dfeSQs. Skies willctear Monday Low will be in tbe 30s to around 40. High will be in the 4fls to the tower 50s. lottery WEDNESDAY Pa. Daily Number........ Pa.Soper7..........IS-2MM2-M Md Daily Number Md Pick Four. .Z-M 5444 inside CMrio IMS 7 -.Ml By ROD SNYDER Associated Press Writer HARRISBURG (AP) A compromise bill being drafted by Senate Republicans would maintain the Liquor Control Board with some changes but the plan may not be acceptable to House Demo- crats The legislation, scheduled for a vote today in the Senate Law and Justice Committee was still being fine tuned late Wednesday night Senators, however, said they didn't expect major changes from a draft version "I think it s the best shot that we can said Senate Majority Leader John Stauffer, R-Chester Stauffer said he believes the bill will clear the committee but he wouldn't make a prediction on the outcome of a vote by the full Senate Under the state Sunset Law, the LCB will automatically go out of existence if the Legislature doesn't renew the agency by the end of 1986 The General Assembly only has four woiking days scheduled before the legislative session expires Many people close to the controversy over the liquor Astern have predicted the fate of the Liquoi Conti ol Boai o will be der ided in court because Gov Dick Thornbui gh and the General Assembly appear at a stalemate "We want to avoid the chaos of a legal battle said Sen John Shumaker, a Dauphin County Republican who chairs the Law and Justice Committee "We re trying to find something that the governor can live with Thornburgh a Republican, has been a long time supporter of abolishing the LCB and turning the liquor system over to private enterprise However, the governoi has said he would be willing to compromise on legislation Struggles to regain credibility Reagan says deal worth risk "MINE AND MINE ALONE" President Reagan pauses for a moment during his news conference. Reagan sais the decision to sell arms to Iran was "mine and mine alone (AP Laserpboto) By MICHAEL PUTZEL AP White House Correspondent WASHINGTON (AP) President Reagan, struggling to regain his credi bihty in the midst of one of his mobt serious foreign policy challenges, says he is convinced his decision to sell arms secretly to Iran was worth the risks If the cover had held a bit longer, Reagan said, his secret diplomacy would have resulted in freedom for five American hostages instead of only three Reagan came under some of the most intense questioning of his pres idency at a news conference Wednes- day night and had to retract a state- ment on a key point shortly after it ended He repeatedly denied that he knew anything about an arms shipment by another country, but in a statement distnbuted a short tune later by the White House, Reagan acknowledged, "There was a third country involved in our secret project with Iran Aides said the furor over the Iran arms sale constituted the most serious policy crisis of Reagan's six years in office, and critics kept up their attack Sen Sam Nunn, D-Ga, the likely new chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said he "counted at least seven contradictions" be tween what top officials have told him and what Reagan told reporters And usually loyal Sen Richard Lugar, R-Ind outgoing chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee criticized Reagan s decision to with hold from Congress word that secret negotiations had been under way for 18 months "I suspect that the president does not understand the law with regard to informing Congress on these things Lugar said Reagan said several of his top advis ers opposed the weapons shipments but said Secretary of State George Shultz, said to be dismayed by the op- eration will stay in his Cabinet post "He has made it plain he would stay as long as I want him, and I want him Reagan said Sources speaking on condition they not be identified said Defense Secret- ary Caspar Weinberger thought the idea of having arms sent to Tehran was "almost too absurd for comment' and comparable to inviting Libyan leader Moammar Ghadafy "over for a cozy lunch Meantime, Robert McFarlane, Reagan s former national security adviser who undertook the secret mis sion to Tehran, told The Washington Post that it was a 'mistake 'to provide arms After his address to the nation last Thursday failed to persuade the public he was being completely truthful ab- out his secret dealings with Iran, Reagan said Wednesday, "I deeply be- lieve in the correctness of my decision (See REAGAN page 20) HIS DECISION President Reagan gestures din- ing his news conference. Reagan said he made the con troversial decision to sell arms to Iran APLaserphotoi Lawmakers call for cabinet ouster over false reports By M. H. AHN Associated Press Writer SEOUL South Korea (AP) Shouting erupted in the National Assembly today after the prime minister refused to bow to opposition lawmakers' de- mands he apologize for the government s handling of reports that communist North Korea's ruler had died Prime Minister Lho Shin-yong insisted that North Korean loudspeakers along the demiltanzed zone separating the two Koreas had reported the death of 74-year-oid Kim II Sung earlier this week, according to sources at the meeting He said the reports could indicate possible internal struggles in the north, but were now viewed as a form of North Korean psychological warfare against South Korea, the sources said The South Korean defense ministry's claims about loudspeaker broadcasts on the north's side of the demilitarized zone set off rumors and speculation that were dampened after Kim. in apparent good health, was shown on North Korean television greeting a Mongolian delegation Tuesday South Korea also claimed the loudspeakers carried reports of a military coup in North Korea as well as reports that Kim's 45-year-old son, Kim Jong II, had assumed power (See KIM page 2) Handlin: Social context influenced Lincoln's words DR OSCAR HANDLIN By BOBBIE PLATT Times Correspondent Nov 19, the anniversary of Lincoln's immortal Gettysburg Address has been observed on the Gettysburg College campus for the past 25 years by the Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture featuring each year an appearance by an emimnent scholar of American history This year the speaker was Dr Oscar Handlin professor emeritus at Harvard University where he taught from 1939 to 1986 Dr Handlin, who chose as his topic "The Road Gettysburg." stated at the outset that. "The name Gettysburg no longer evokes only a place" nor does it convey merely an image of a great battle, but rather, said Handhn. "The name acquires its resonance in the imaginations of Americans and of many others from the address delivered in November of 1863 that made Gettysburg famous Terming it a "concise masterpiece which "thoroughly intertwined with the way in which people understood the Civil War." Handhn went on to point out that the speech won instant acclaim from many including Edward Everett whose two hour oration proceeded that of the Presidents" The day after their appearance at the national cemetery Everett wrote to Lincoln. "I should be glad if I could flatter myself that 1 came as near to the central idea of the occasion in two hours as you did in two minutes" This favorable acceptance of the speech, echoed by members of the press and public across <he nation reassured Lincoln that his words had not been the failure be had feared The speech was temed by Handhn "a document of its lime and place" evoking a profound emotional response from his (Lincoln s) audience Handlin then went on to describe in detail the conditions which prevailed in the country dump the years leading up to the Gettysburg Address and which he believes had a significant effect upon the words Lincoln spoke Twenty-five years earlier Lincoln had first enunciated the theme of a gov ernemnt conceived m liberty and until that time said Handhn the experiment begun in the Revolution, that of a people able to govern themselves had endured But the nation was. in the late 1830s entering upon a period where a willingness to ignore the law treatened to undo the work of the founders of United States As a result of a growing instability of the government Umird more and more toward violence in their reactions to crime w ell to u a) or perceived injustices Handhn stated Criminal activities abounded not onlv m cities but rural areas Theft fraud and even murder were not uncommonand it was this disorder and violence which pervaded the culture in which Lincoln matured and which Handlin is convinced shaped Lincoln s political philosophy Pirates still plagued American waters theft was an everyday occurrence and respectability said Handlin did not guarantee impeccable credentials A judicial system overwhelmed bv lawlessness and unable to keep paced with a rapidly expanding population commanded little respect from the citizens who shield away from taking their grievances to court orefermnt; instead to settle matter in their own often v iblent way In a sense Handhn pointed out the code the duel was maintained and although dueling was generally forbidden in some twns of the countrv the actual practice was still tolerated Americans said Handlin although for the most part strangers jo brulalitv. were quite willing to impose their judgement by force and v solence if they saw fit even though manyh times innocent victims suffered from these actions Sober citizens alwavs deplored violence Handlin went on vn but did little about it With cities in the 1850s unwilling to establish police forces the means of maintaining order fell far short of the need" he continued and even the militia when called upon to enforce the law was unpredictable and hard to control The people lived in msecurilv and frequently banded together for protection Handhn went on to say but the very groups thev c oftentimes became violent mobs takmp tbe law into their own hands Handhn believes that this social context influenced th( words Lincoln used in his Gettysburg address when he espoused the hope and convichon that the nation shall have s new birth of freedom and that th- pcnernment of tbe people bv the peopk and for tbe people shall not perish from tbe earth NOTICE Will Be Opening Friday November 21 st Al 00 a m Battery Plus 20 North Bolton Street Wen Oxford To Serve tour Need-- Of Baked Goods Deli tAdv The Magic Oi 7ht Holiday Season Comes In Getfv-N 3 haiu-day Novembe: 22nd The Stuttin Animal Gang 1QOO 3 00 'The Magtc Of Sla r 1 00 pm