Adams Sentinel, February 15, 1831

Adams Sentinel

February 15, 1831

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Issue date: Tuesday, February 15, 1831

Pages available: 6

Previous edition: Tuesday, February 8, 1831

Next edition: Tuesday, February 22, 1831 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Publication name: Adams Sentinel

Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Pages available: 8,032

Years available: 1826 - 1867

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Adams Sentinel, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1831, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania At pur annum, JJ) advance, or 50, if nut paid within the vear. PUBLISHED BY ROBE11T G. HARPEB. M IM.I.J S Advertisements per square, lor 3 per s. I'ur oaoli eont. "Resist with can' the spirit of npon the principles of G'ovcrniiicnt, Itowcixr tsjicciom; tin' jtri'tcxdt." XV 15, PROCLAMATION. concerned, will take notice that tin- Judges of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania have appointed a CIRCUIT COURT, to be held ai Gettysburg, for the county of Adams, by the Judges of the same commence on Monday the day of February next. WM. S. COBEAN, Sheriff. Sheriff's Office, Gettys- burg, Jan. 11, 1831. 5 lc 1ST OF CAUSES, at issue in the Circuit Court of Adams County, and for Trial at a Circuit Court, to be held at Gettysburg, for said County, on the Third Monday, being the, day of February, 1831 The Carlisle Bank vs. Nicholas Wier- man. David Wilson and John Garvin, Esq. Trustees of Moses Gourley, an In- solvent Debtor, vs. Abraham Scott. David Wit hero w, vs. Peur Eply. The Bank of Gettysburg, vs. James Dobbin, Administrator de bonis non, with the will annexed, of Alexander Dobbin, deceased. Martin Ebert, vs. James D. Paxton, Thaddeus Stevens, and Frederick Kepley. Thaddeus Stevens, vs Martin Getz and John Duncan. Daniel Deardorff, vs. Philip Graft. Commonwealth vs. Jacob Lefever. Anthony Deardorff vs. John L. Fuller. GEO. WELSH, Clerk. Gettysburg-, Jan. 11, 1831. tc LIST OF JURORS FOR CIRCUIT COURT. Borough James A. Thompson, John Gar- vin, George Shryock, Jacob Ziegler, Robert G. Harper. Mountpleasant Alex'r M'llwaine, John "Diehl, Hezekiah Houghtelin, Wm. Thomp- son. John Staly. Hamiltonban Thomas Orr, Andrew Stew- art, John Marshall, John Mickley, jr. Wm. M'Culiough. Berwick Geo. Henry, John Smith, Geo. Hersh, Daniel Diehl. Mountjoy Frederick Diehl. Liberty Samuel M'Nay, Wm. Scott, Da- vid Kicker, Samuel Arthur. Menalien John Lehman, Joseph Latshaw. Simon Becker, Nathan Wright. Henry Fehl. Reading JohnDeardorfT, NicholasBushey, Henrj Albert, Job Dicks. Franklin Valentine Flohr, Adam S. E. Duncan, David MiddlecofF. Germany Alfred Cole. Hamilton Michael Geiselman. Straban Jacob Taughinbaugh, Jacob Grass, John Thomas, Henry Conowago Jacob Worlz, John Morning- star, Georg-e Heagy. Cumberland Q.uintin Armstrong-, Peter Eppley. Latimore John Wolford. A1KLOUV. 11' you bright orbs that tfin the nitrht, Be each a blissful dwelling yphore, Where kindred spirits re-unite Whom fate hath torn asunder here How sweet it were at once to die, And lenve this dreary world afar M i.vt soul in soul, to cleave the sky, And soar away froui star to star But oh how dark how drear and lone, Would seem the brightest world If, wanderinir through caeh radiant We failed to meet the loved of tins If, there no more those ties could twine, Which death alone had power or, Th OHO stars would then in mockery shine More hateful they shine iuruver It cannot ho each hope and fear That li whts the eye, or clouds the brow, Proclaims there is a happier -' Than the bleak world which claims us now There is a voice by sorrow heard, When heaviest weighs life's Calling' chain, That voice is the Almighty's, word ''The pure in heart shall meet, Wives, Speaking of the middle ranks of life, a good writer ob- serves There we behold woman in all her glory; not a doll to carry silks and jewels, not a puppet to be dangled by fops, an idol for profane adoration, rev- erenced to-day, discarded to-morrow, always jostled out of the place which. nature and society would assign her by sensuality or by contempt admired but not respected desired, but not esteem- ed ruling by passion, not affection irn parting her weakness, not her constan- cy to the sex she would exalt, the source and mirror of vanity e see her as a wife partaking the cares, and cheering the anxiety of a husband, dividing the labors by her domestic diligence, spreading cheerfulness around her for his sake sharing the decent refinements of the world without being %ain of them placing all her pride, all her joy, all her happiness in the merited appro- bation of the man she loves As a mother, we find her ihe affectionate. the ardent instructress of the children she has tended from tlu-ir infancy: training them up to thought vir- tue, to meditation and benev.Mcnce ad- dressing them as rational beings and preparing them to become men and wo- men in their turn. Mechanics' daugh- ters make the best wives in the world. s TO all persons concerned, that the Subscribers have been appointed AUDITORS, to settle and apportion the Assetts of the Estate of SAMUEL JACOBS, late of Hamilton township, deceased, among ihe Creditors of said deceased and that they will meet, for that purpose, at the house of Joseph Woods, in the town of Berlin, on day (he of February nexl. at 10 o'- clock, A.M. where all persons inte- j rested will please attend. WM. PATTERSON, GEORGE BROWN, CORNELIUS SMITH, Jan. 1 1 Puo AND CON. Pro, There is a world where no slormsintrude.a haven of safely against the tempests of life a little world of joy and love, of innocence and tranquility. Suspicions are not there, nor jealou- sies, nor falsehood with her double tongue, nor the venom of slander. Peace embraceth it with outspread wings. Plenty broodeth there. When a man enters it, be ibrge.ueth his sor- rows, and cares, and disappointments he openeth his heart to confidence, and to pleasure, not mingled with remorse. This world is the well ordered home of a virtuous and amiable woman. Contra "How long did Adam re- main in Paradise before he sinned asked an amiable ucara sposa" to her loving husband "till be got a an- swerced the husband calml. Schoolfor the Head Henri. 'Though says an old author, "may improve their heads in the company of their own sex, we may affirm, that the company and conversation of women is ihe pro- per school for the heart.5' To KE NOTICE that I have ap- plied to the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas o{ Adams county, for the benefit of the Insolvent Laws of this Commonwealth, and they have appoin- ted Ihe of April for the hearing of rne and my Creditors, at the Courthouse in the borough of Get- tysburg. MICHAEL MENICH. Feb. 1. I SA3UJEI, S. M'CREARY, NFORMS Friends and Pub- he has purchased ihv Hat- EMabibrmirm uf JAS. A. THOMP- SON, in York-slrecl, Gettysburg: and thai he is prepared to manufacture in 1 the 3-uanner, and keep on hand, the FASHIOJXTABLE 4 HATS. respectfully solicits the pa- of the Public. New Question in ing to the census of New Hampshire, one of every fifty of tht colored popu- lation, is dc-jf and dumb of the white population, the rnuies are only in the proportion of one to every one thou- sand nine hundred and The fact is a curious our, and cannot he explained upon the principle which solved the problem, why ihecp should eat more ihan black ones. Conscience.----To the crimJTja! all things turn bib own thoughts. No is .so and as i.irit of an outraged con science, when passion subsides and gives space lo icfircuun. ilturc ty- rants and cul-lhroalb are unable to en- dure soliiude. They CJJCOUIIUT in eic- ry .shade the ghosts oi ibtar vklims, and rinse tivir eyes but to be lorn asunder by hurried away jo ilaiucs The terrors of ibe of Bosworl KRXJCA'ilCPN. REPORT OF Till': COMMITTIM OS (Read in the ol K'epresrntatives, Jim. 27.) PS. P. J'Vn'KK.MAN, The Commit tec on to whom were referred much of the message of the Governor as relates to tho establisnment of a general system of education, report: Thru tiieir attention has been directed to (he hnpjrliint inijniry whether it IKS expedient at this time, that some general system ol'ed- ucation should be adopted and if so, to the abor of compiling the detail.- of such n system as they might deem it isahle to recommend. As to the mere question of ex- pediency their reflect rc.Miiled in a full am! clear aMirmative conviction. Repub- lican as is the n.ituioofiuir (Government, and subject at it is to tin: ;uul control- ling will of the people, it requires no deduction or lengthened argument to demon- strate, th.'illhat will should sound and illumined bv a suitable and seasonable education. That such a Government to be stable must rest upon the virtue aud intelli- gence ofits and I hut a nation to con- tinue prosperous and happy, must plant deep and wide those moral that direct u.s in our duty as individuals and as members of a conmiunitv. With us. the capability of a people to gov- ern themselves is undergoing an experiment. To be successful, the means must be placed within their reach, bv which they may be- come acquainted with the nature of their form of Government, and guarded against that corruption, that, when once seated, cau- ses the decay if all free instil nuuns. With us, every iuni) is eligible to oflice. aud every one should be. enabled to prepare himself, so as honorably and faithfully to dis- charge the functions of that office to which the. exigencies of his eminent or the sut- fraget> of his follow citizens may elevaV him. With UP, the people enjoy to the fullect ex- tent the elective franchise. Thai it mav be prudently and piopnrly exercised, they must be instructed to appreciate tiie value of that pliancy oi' dangerous men. And when the aye in which we live, is so strongly marked by po'itical all old institu- tions appear heaving from their, and all new ones seem unsettled, if we would be pre- served from that change for the worse that has been the fate ol'ail who have preceded us. ers. provson for general education. liy this, not only would the cause of (iI education be promoted, but those to whom are entrusted the important rcsponsi- instructing our youth, and who, in hilit of some Uy our eoiistitutiou it is required of thele- old' the destinies of our state, would receive that support and that respect to which they would justly be entitled. Your committee wen; further of opinion, that to secure the permanent establishment gislature, as soon as may be convenient, to future prosperity of any system of education, provide for establishment of schools throughout the sta'e. in such manner as that the poor may be (aught gratis: and thai the arts and sciences shall be promoted in one or more semiirii'i.'s of learning From the date of that i ament down till (he fourth of A- JSOi'i. no legislative provision ol' a ire no r- al nature, was made. was arsed, entitled Then. er. an act An act to provide tor the education of the poor gratis.'1 From the passage of this actdoun to so recent a period as ol'.Uairh, no further at tempt to fulfil the requirements of the constitution was made. Then, however, an act was pas- sed. entitled "An act to provide more ell'ectu- ally for the education of the poor gratis, and for laying the foundation of a general system of education throughout this commonwealth.'' tins art, the one of tiie Ith of April, ISOfJ, was repealed yet the act of '29th .March, 1'S'i-J. wa-s not suffered to go into and was repealed in two years and the former one revived, and is now in force the only, and lame, provision, of a general na'.ure, we have upon so important, a subject. This act only provides for the education of those children between the ages of live and twelve years: as if in that period they would learn enough to enable them to act their part in rhc several stations in winch they may be place! through iiie, with aduinlugc to them- and credit to the state of which they are citizens. A'one are contemplated within its provisions bulthop-u parents are unible for their education as if by dr.iwing :ui in.-ulious distinction between the wealthy and the poor, the latter would more eagerly adopt the provisions of an act, thus rent'erod obnoxious to them. None are pre- pared !o enjoy its provisions until they have first been no'uded of their poverty and degra- privilege, and to judge rightly of men and the commissioners of their county. things, else thcvynay be led io the commis- j And not until thuf. eortiiied and approved to be within its letter, does the assessor give them leave to attend any school convenient -inn of'ibtal and irrcirieuibie errors. us, iu the hands of uie people are their own destinies. That they may :je propiuous, they have only to be enlighten- ed, to disceiji, and they willfaeldoiii fan to de- termine for their good. So early as the vear 1770. our sitter State "oiineci-cut. then a province, led the in nvtrks. de within Ihcir neighborhood. Thisaci, in some measure, nnlitaictj tiie spiritof our free jiibtituti-His. They have an equalising ten- dency: it, the contnny. They would con- found all ranks, classes an-1 distinctions; ir the establishment ol'a system of ed- ucation. Common netifes. and approves of 5 were opened to Hence that feeling so peculiarly manifest a- inongst us, that will acknowledge no inibrior- jvery child within iier and j ity. has loo often disposition competent, teachers were Beared, and a fund with the poor to .suffer their children to grow estabii.-hed adequate; to the support of up jgi..jnmt and unlearned, rather than hum- In l.dO, the Legiskture of .Massa- i hie them in their opinion, by accepting alms chusetts provided by law tor the instruction f ofrhe public. JJence thij act has not had the of her then she has been ibllow- full c.lectthat its fi amors exi N. __________________tpectod ofit; and (1 by Ohio, and several other fdis tar short of that .system that the educa- statcs. With me legislatures oi those Mules [ion of tho youth of our rising commonwealth demands. And hence, it is only all other consideration.- inu e be been lin-lab'.r :'H tin-children ol at ill wijjril dn'v .-1- unJorli- t ir. 111 ;of Kiifii.-J) j.ji ar.imueJn- -nid '.-ct- Jorliiut io.- a jn it must derive its su-pport from means other than voluntary contribution or tax alone. In the states in which common schools luivo been opened, t huir support hns been provided for in various ways, in .Massachusetts, tho several towns are compelled to raise the ne- cessary money by taxation. In Connecticut they are supported by a common fund; and in New York, by a common school fund, of the proceeds of which annual distribution is made amongst their several school districts, on condition of (heir raising by taxation oro- therwise, a sum equal to their distributive share of that fund, fn Connecticut their common school fund amounts, to In New York, their fund amounts to about and during the last year scholars were taught an average of 8 months, and at the expense of The latter system was left optional with tin? people toa- dopt, and in the first few years but few schools were established; bur, they have gradually increased, and arc now extended over all the vast territory of that State. Your committee, deeming it no disparage- ment to profit by the example of other states, recommend the supportofany system we may adopt, in a way somewhat similar to that of New York; that a common school fund shall be funned, and any deficiency shall be provi- ded for by the districts hereafter to be estab- lished. Thus whilst the common fund will operate as a great inducement to the support of schools, the contributions of those concern- ed in each district will ensure a deeper inte- rest in the success of their schools than might prevail, were they altogether dependant upon the donations of the public. The means for the establishment of such a fund, they believe to be within the reach of this legis- lature, without a resort to taxation or embar- rassment to the concerns of the common- wealth. From the most accurate information they have been able to obtain, there is due the commonwealth from the holders of tm- patented lands a sum exceeding two millions of dollars and that notwithstanding the low rate that land is now sold hy the state, from lands yet vacant and unappropriated a very considerable sum in addition to the above can be raised. The payments from these sources to the treasury have been annually increasing, and during last year amounted to If the money tints arising, were transferred and pledged to the support of common schools, within three years, or four at the utmost, the fund would increase to a sum sufficiently large thereafter to warrant the yearly dis-' tribution of a considerable sum to their sup- port, and that sum would increase with the increase of Use fund and the spread of the schools throughout the state. This your committee believe, would be decidedly preferable to that of taxation if the latter would be adopted, there is too much reason to fear that the act so providing for a fund would become obnoxious and soon be repealed and if .such would not be the result, yet a fund could not fluid be raised that for many years would warrant a distribution. Your com- mittee have been governed in the belief, that a .system, to be effectual, must commence op- erations within three or four years. The setting ;isido of tho proceeds from land for the support of schools, will in some mea- sure have the good effect of seen ring the pay- ment of the money thus due, at as early a period as those who are delinquent may find it practicable. This disposition will be pro- moted, when they are assured that they are but providing for the future welfare of their children; that the money thus paid, after ha- ving aided in the common operations of gov- ernment, and in great purposes of internal improvement, will flow back to them again, securing to t.h'iir children a good education, and making diem wiser and better citizens. And hy this disposition of the money thus arising, your committee beJieve no inconve- nience will ho felt, as before mentioned. It js recommended that the money thus paid should be loaned to tiie common wealth at an annual interest of 5 per eciil. nnlij otherwise directed and that until the scho-1 fund shall have, increased the imercstari- s.iJig upon the sums 3-xined shall be loaned in hk" until that Jo )ho niiQ of the whnle. -sum paid and ujxm the tJial periiii, we have yvyry assu- rance Jli'il ihiancia] of our state lie JmU prosperous. The irrcut chains and niil-rotd HOW IT v, be and in the full of .-iH-r'-.-sfu] operation, iJiif-uInai' revenue__ I.M..-I crrdujous, but