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Adams Sentinel, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1827, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania debt v the annual ten luittiong dc t "tat obfect Irtr tKe Aet of 3d' The .1 ivount of duties secured me f frow Cumberland- to the Dirtrtet of Columbia; 3. at the until the 30th of is ahd- the pror, -amount of thaj will be se- Um ing the remairtderof the merw me _M a total fef With the allowances for and contingent deficiencies ;which may occur, though not specific- yiaty foreseen, we may safely Climate Mthereceipts of the ensuing year at f a revenue for the neattj equal to expenditure of the present year. H- i The deep solicitude felt by oiir cit- all classes for the total ot the piub-i debt, will apojtagpt lor-the with tffrich 'it iny 4. On the location of the from to Columbus. 5. OiHbe.continuation of tbewmeilcwd to the Sf it of Government In MisMuri. 6. On a Poat Road from Baltimore to Phil- adelphia. to u F to tKejto, 0f a survey of Kennebee River (in 8. On a National from Washington to Buffalo, 9. On the survey of Ssugatuck Harbor and River, I 10. On a Canal from Fohtcbartaun to, 1 the Mississippi 11. On at JJdgattowft, tfewbury- port, aartHyannis Harbor. On Plfcisance Bay, io the Deports ai'c now prepared, and iviil be subniitted toCotigresas Oh of the pemnnila of Florida, to tlie practicability of i Canal to con iieut uig warmof of across that peninsula and also of the country between the Pays pf Mobile and a the means of theoretic inriaruction to the youths who devote their ta. theIservice of cpu ntitjr upop ocean, still solicits'the sanction of Legislature. Practical seamanship and the art of navigation, may be acquired upon the cruises of the squadrons which from time to distant seas; but a competent know- ledge, even of the art of the higher mathematics and astronomy; the literature which tan place our offi- cers on a level of polished education with the officers of other; tions the knowledge of the laws, miini- cipat and national, which, in their in- tercourse with foreign States and their are continually called in- to operation j and, above ail, that ac- quaintance with thcprinciples of honor 1 miUjonft of aofqrVqs of their applicatiojti to other payments. There, are yarious other subjects, augmented, her roanufkcturm and her internal cardinal .which tKriveonry in con- will act upon each other with a tually beneficial effect, to tfie common aei- of pur fellow-citizens. The farm- er, who supplies the Taw bateriaU as well the food for the manufacturerTwilLfind a stea- tty and increasing marker ih his for the surplus productions on farm. The manufacturer, if duly encouraged, in return, furnish the fabrics of ingenuity and The facilities oteommttnication wilf extend this profitable intercouMe throughout the commonwealth, while they give val- ue to the minerals abounding in die soil of Pennsylvania, they will open new. sources of wealth ana additional incentives to industry. These benefits are already partially felt, and there is no reason to doubt but they will go on diffusing themselves, upon a scale tensive the liberal plan which dom of the Legislature has.devised. ifcjuuj- fefeeeo too often in cultivating her own cardinal interests, Pennsylvania is prombtin rfso-th rift in the funds., v The de> upon of the i-eve commenced with the with Increased luring first qu of with the view of connecting: them together by a Canal; On surveys of a routefor a Canal to connecF the waters of James fc Great Kenhawa Rivera; 4is'tin'c floniietween the war rior patrioit, the licensed t T irom oiiirse' tifc ihie i an On the- survey of the Swash in Pamlico Sound, and that of Cae Pear below the towu of systematically taught and nf in tihft eminently acquired only in a permanent school, stationed upon the shore, and provided with the teachers, the i of nearly fas! charge of aii- have keen reduced Bui among moneys urgent is thai of The of riyef, amnor a route for con- templated communication between the Hi- waaagaattd Cooaa rivers, in Alabama of Purveys, upojnI jects jjoiuted the several acts of Congi-ess of tfie last and preceding ses- sions, "are iii the progross of prepara- bercdmple- of deep interest ,to the whole Union, which have heretofore been recomhien- ded to the consideration of Coftgress, as well hy my predecessors, as under the tinpression the duties devol- ving upon of this Union in no mean the capacity of the several gates to supply each these are debt, rat intercourse of kindness and 'godd offices, which its free exercise will produce. Penh- sylvania, rich in Coal and Iron, producing in abundance food for man, mid provMed; by and adapted to the communication of the. principles of these respective sciein ces to the youthful and inquiring mind. than to 'the surviving war- rjors_ of the Reyolutiojiary. extension ofthe Judicial Adn.inistra- The report from the Postmastej1 Ge: neral exhibits the condition of that De- partment as the aid stiErmore promising for the future. Its receipts for the year ending the 1st of amounted to iwifh several Other persons duly quali-1 jstrid exceeded its expendi- fied, hare been ecuistantly employed up- tures byupwardsof Itcan- Jicttbe estimate A- M L. t. on these the. nf_ IP m- equalled ensuing as they the expenditures, those of thcvcur- the act of SOth this time. Were no other advantage to accrue to tion of the Federal Government to those extensive and important members of the Union, which haying risen iuto existence smce the organization of the present Judiciary establishment, now constitute at leasTone third of its terrR toryVpower, and population; the for- mation of atmore effective and uniforn diet that, in less than tefl years, of which one-half have elapsed, the receipts will frotn their labors, than the 1 have moretJthan In tho-mean fund, of typographical know ledge which 1 time, a reditced, expenditure Upon es- inavr ImnvrA. nou Irot-vf1 vtrttVi in. they have collected and communicated, that alone would have been a profit to "the Onion ifioje than adequate to all the expenditures which have been devoted to the but the appropriations for the repair and contiuuatiojvof the Cumberland Road, for the construction of various other roads, for the removal, of obstructions from the Rivers and Harbor :fer the erection otiLiglit-hou- ses, andjliuoys, and for the completion of Canals undertaken by- individual associations, butjieeding the assistance of means and resources more comprehensive than.individual, entcr- maybe considered rather as treasures laid up from the contributions of the present age, for the benefit'of posterity, than as unrequited applications of the accruing revenues of the nation. To such objects of perma- nent improvement to. the condition of the country, to the wealth as well as to the comfort of the People by Wjhose authority and resour- ces they have been effected, from three to four millions of the annual income of the nation have, by. laws enacted at the tHree most recent sessions of Congress, beeu applied, without intrenching upon the necessities of the Treasury; without adding a dollar to the taxes or debts of the community; without suspendinge- venthe steady and regular .discharge of the debts contracted in former days, which, within the same three ycarsr tablished routes has kept pace with in- creased facilities of public accommoda- tion, and additional services. Jheen obtained at reduced rates of compensa- tion. Within the last year, the trans- portation of the mail in staye..s has been "greatly augmented; ..The number of "Post Offices has been increased to seven thousand ami it may be anticipated that, while the facil tes intercourse- -system for thie And the1 in sonie form or modification, of the diversified and jsften joppressive- to Insolvency. Amidst the multiplicity of topics of great national concernment, which may recommend themselves to the calm and patriotic deliberations of the Legislature, it may suffice to say, that, oh these and afl other measures, which may receive sanction, my hearty co-operation will be given, con- formably to the duties enjoined upon me, and under the sense of all the obli- gations prescribed-bv the Cons stitjiRon, :be bounty of Providence, with numerous streams of water, affording the tset motion, iestined to contxibute a considerable part of. icr quota, towards the general welfare, by" the.fruits.of industry skilfully applied to The maintenance of her Iranki and-her-ab ifity to fiFniOn, upon which our peace and happiness much" depends, is, thereftre, inseparably -connectetHriih and American Manufactures. It is satisfactory justly appreciating her in. erest and her duty, tron7 To promote the one and to fulfil'tKeoth- erj inaTnaiiner-Worthy of her cliaracter and standing. i haweyer, these Ejects, there are duties belonging to the7" fovernraeRt of the Unionrand there are pow- rs, rpnimensurate with those duties, as un- "qtiestionable iii their coustitdtional existence us they are beneficiuJ in and indispensable to give to tfee policy of the individual states. They concern the general welfare, amj correspond with the nat- ural exigency: They are the concentrated energy of allr applied under the guidance of the common objects which transcend the ability of the particular states, yet are necessary, for the general government. To not be forgotten suffer the exhaustion condition of the Army, and of all the of the public service the! superintendence of the of War, wiirbe seen by the officer, and the doc- liHs accompanied. During the course of the-.last-Sum- of the Army has been usefully and successfully called to perform their appropriate At the moment when the Commission- ers appointed Tor carrying into exe- cution certain provisions of the Trea- iy of August 19th, 1825, with various tribes oT .the Northwestern Indians, about aoout to arrive at the appointed place.; of meeting, the unprovoked murder of several citizens, and other -acts of unequivocal hostility commit- ted by a party of the Winnebago tribe, one of those associated in the by indications of a character, among- -otbeg- rendered tribes of the same necessary an imnfecfiate display of defem anopi Union in that quarter. It was accor- dingljr exhibited by the immediate 4nd coneerlteel movements of the Gov- ernors of the State of Illinois and of the. Territory of Michigan, and co- petent levies of militia under their aT corps of seTen hun- -dred-mcfr of United Staie't troops tin- der the command of (iener'al Atkin- of Goveroor Cass, immediately repaired to the scene of danger, from their station at Louis. Their presence dispelled the alarms of jouf. fellow citizens on those borders, and overawed the hostile purposes of The perpetrators of the have been the amount -ef- nesrty-sij.teen millions of dollars. observations degree, applicable to the appropriations made for fortifications upon the coasts and harbors of the U. Stales, for the maintenance of the Military Academy at West Point, and for the. various ob- jects under the'superintcndance of the Department oftlie Navy. The Report of the Secretary of the Navy, and those branches of both the Military Departments, exhibit to Congress, in minute detail, the present condition of publig establishments dependent upon them, the execution of the acts of Congress relating to them, and the views of the offirers engaged in the several branches of the between fellow-citizens, in person er by correspondence, will soon be carried to the door of every villager in the Union, a yearly surplus will accrue, which may be applied as the wisdom of Congress, under the exeTcTse of their constitutional may devise for the further establishment and improve- ment.oi' the public roads, or by adding still further to-the facilities in the portation of the mails. Of the indica- tions of the prosperous condition of our country, none can be more pleasing than those multiplying re- lations of personal and intimate inter- course between the citizens of the _LJ- nion dwelling at the remotest distances from each other. Among the subjects which have here- tofore occupied the earnest solicitude and attention of Congress, is the man- agement and disposal of that portion of the property the Nation, which con- sists of the public Jands. The acquisi- tion of them, made expense of "thtr whole JOHN Washington, Dec. 4, 1827 GOVERNOR'S 'e as u ro ----------HAKHiam'ittf, 'Pec. -5, -This day at 12Vclock, the Governor trans- milled General Assembly, by theSec- retary of Commonwealth, the'following _._._ MESSAGE i FstlOW-ClTIZK.NS, Among the duties which constitutionally devolve on the Chief Magistratejthere is none more important than the annual message which lie delivers at the opening of even- ses- sion of the General Assembly. It is good fortune, and that of my country, that I have just cause, to approach the discharge of this high duty, with renewed and increased feel- ings pf gratification. General health, and a multiplication of the good things of this world, are every where to be found throughout Penn- sylvania. We are at peace, and plenty flows in upon us through even' charmd The na- tional debt contracted by the revolutionary war, by the purchase of Louisiana and the Floridas, and by the w.ar of 1812, is nearly discharged, and the balance is paying ofTwith Rro in tho. full -but in blood, marks a right of property in them equally extensive. By t'he re- portaiiil the Land Office, now it ap- pears that, under the present Govern- ment of the U. States, a sum little of has been paid from the common Treasury for that portion of this property which has beru purchased from France and Spain, and for the ex- tinction of the aboriginal titles. The amount of lands acquired, is "nrar '260 millions of acres, of u Inch, on the 1st. of Jan. 182C, about 139 millions of acres had been surveyed, and little more than 19 millions of acres had been sold. The amount paid into the Treasury by the purchasers of the lands sold is not yet to the AUTns paid for thp enjoyment of the rights of man of nations, and we have not only no direct tax to pay, but we have immense sums to devote to the open, or to aid i-h-1 opening, those great of interior communication, which promise extensive national benefit, jn peace and in- war 5 to protect American manufactures and- g'ive encouragement to domestic industry, by adequate duties upon articles of foreign com- petition are wjthin those powers of gress which have invariably acceded to> and whose value becomes more obvious as the bounds of our confederation are extended. by the admission of ticw states. One ot those- great interior communications, in which the- Uniled States and this State are deeply-inter- ested, is now so happjlyadviinctngYtbaT, ear- ly next summer, a sloop ill be in full operation, connecting the waters of the Chesapeake anil Delaware. This im- provement has thus far advanced, and it is-ex- perted will be brought topeifection, by the funds furnished by the United States govern- ment, by the governments of tine States of Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland, and by individuals. It is upofi the exercise, by of .these powers, at proper times, that Pennsyl- vania must rely to carry into full efl'ect her essential policy, and to'crown the liberal ef- forts she has made withinher bnrtkrs, to en- courage domestic manufactures and promote domestic trade nnd intercourse. Our home industry, indeed, of Internal Improvement. May the all Good fill our hearts gratitude, that our lot haa been cast in sw-ch a coontry, and at such times as the present! The prosperity we now enjoy is not one which arises from the devastating march of war in other coun- tries, -tut is a consequence of that wise course of policy which has called forth all our resources and all our industry. Vpon its per- manence, therefore, we rnay confidentlv rely, and ei.tertain a reasonable hope-, that it increase as our resource's, '.altnts and indus- try, shall be encouraged to devclope them- selves. There is no good u-hich government can bestow, that we have not derived from it. There is scarcely evil which a watchful government can arrest, which we have not es- caped. After hfty years experience, of an mieahumelUuLhultfrpJ bvttiem. lire must depend entirely on Congress for support- against foreign gislation and foreign disturbance, since the. powers which have been granted totheGene- erul Government, mid are uiune adequate thr object, have by the great charter of our Union, been expressly denied to the Govern- ments of the States. Intimately associated with the view just presented, is another object oFeschisive na- tional cognizance, anxiously desired by the eastern portion of this Commonwealth, and, it roust very important its hearing upon the interest of Pennsylvania as w ell as her sister States The con- struction of a Break water, or artificial liarhor at the mnuth ot'the Delaware bav, would af- ford increased securit) to the trade of the bay and river would aid the coasting trade of the United States; would benefit our chief com me. re ml city, and by improving the out let towards which, on the Atlantic side, a-H tend, would render them 1______j I the incluce- it would oftrr trr rmr brrthrrrr- in the West, to pass their produce and returns with- in the limits of Hie State. Having done so much for herself, it seems not unreasonable to hope, that Congress will second her exer- tions by doing, the appropriate sphere of the power of the Union, w hat is required to i- to them due rft( I he Act by Assemble, April 8th, for the of the Circuit and to alter the Jucfrtfary Sys- tem of this TWnrr.onuralth, appears to give >nthe. screrai crrnrrrics of the The however, is gtiJlbe- lieved. hy thr people and the .ludgea, to be of improvement. It_n that no subject, w tncli ciaims the sttrrrrrrrrr nfttie Legislative, rould ben- eficially it, than 'lit- manner in whirli the lau-s generailv arc thro'ort to intestates be if they wr-e revised. The tion ,-espectiD-frthe have my mind as to the of that I have in tvro I beg to re- nrnwfers. .wefe. aurrendprr.d to thr an- thority and operation of our laws; and every appearence of purposed hostili- ty.frpm those Indian tribes has subsi- the present organization Army, and the administration of its Various branches of service, are, up- le, they are yet of unrclT improvement in some of which have been tofore submitted, to the of Congress, and others art" now fittt prescytpd in. Lhc_ Report of. the Secretary of War. The expediency of providing for ad- ditional numbers of Officers in the corps depend opotl the number and extent of the objects of national important c ttpottt vhich Congress may think K that surveys should be madf. cotiwrmaWy to the Act of ihr of 1814. Of the_survrys tlw session, of been, made under the aothoriu of made: couceming the improvements which may tend to their perfection. The for- tification of tlie C.'oasts, and the gradual increase and improvement of the N'avy, .aro parts of a pjrcat system of nationiil defence, which has been upwards of ten in progress, and which, for a se- rirs of years to come, will continue to claim the constant and persevering pro- tection and superintendence of tfer lo- gi.slaiivt authority. Ainoug the mca- which have emanated ironv the Act of the sos.sion but leaves a small to be refund- ed the proceeds of the sales of the lands have long been pledged to the credilors of the Nation a pledge from which we have reason to hope tint they v ill in a very few years be redeemed. The sys- tem upon which this great National terest has been managed, was ;he result of long, anxious, and persevering delib- eration matured and modified by the protrress of our populatiotu and tlu; kus- sons oijpTpcTiencf, it has been hitherto More ment of ilu: a conspicuous place. 1 he rolltxuon of limber for the lutui-e construction" of ve.swls of war -aurm ?.rsrt rrprndTrctian proprrlv of the Uni pri.itio-n and disposal of crod trusts in ilir hands of tne the spr< ics of timber peculiarly adapt- ed to that purpose the construction of Dry Docks for the of the Navy the erection of a Railway for the re- pair of the publ.c ships and tiie im- of the Navy V-rrk for thr of the p-.i'i'i'- proprrty in Ikrrn si! sold, a were under which, in thr and lions in thr value of lands, and of thrir produce, vornr to t ciy Jv. It rati f M. irrrotrcJ at! former rr- mple, and HI the highe.sl possible drgree, the invaluable rights and pnvilepes of civil and rehpious liberty. cannot be too grateful to Almighty (iod for the e ci joy, nor loo anxious in our prayers to have them preserved to us and our On the svstem of internal improvement long practised upon in this Commonwealth, I submitted tny opinions at cons-dcrablc length at the rpening1 ol the lost session cf the (.eneral I. pon a careful re- vmon, 1 riot tb-ntk there tn aTry 'bttijr I to niter 1 nit, -theiTrfoTp, refer- ence may be had, if any uliall be dccrr.cd no- as to the (.01 crr.cr s ieu of subject. T have to r-.-- n mrlrs hen this is finished, tlits prrat work ;ie into ope The xi'Iiole hne. e is tinder contract, she cortrsc's nave hrm marir at a price the -t the 1 frel rrd f-.f of cf Cv.a rarial he r -res; erirn-- I __ hoip-v-r. inVT'ST r h h" r on. in "i" far b fc I.T.
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