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Adams Centinel: Wednesday, March 18, 1801 - Page 1

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   The Adams Centinel (Newspaper) - March 18, 1801, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania                        cine 16. WEDNESDAY, March iSoi. Vol. t -TRUTH, O'JK 0V IDE----THE PUBLIC GOOD, O V il AlM.- GSORGE TOWN, March 4. The following addrefs was delivered ibv Mr. Jefferfon in the Senate, on therefrom on Saturday laft. fa y Gentlemen of the Senate, TO give the uf-ia! opportunity of appointing a Prefkient nro tern pore, I now propofe to mire frym i he chair of the .Senate and as the is near at hand, when the relations wul ceafe, which have for forne time iuhfiihrd between '.his honorah'e houle and my- feif, I before I withdrnw, to return them mv grateful ttoa-jks for all Ehe mftances of attention end with which they have pVafed to honor me. In the difch-irge of my here it has been mv tions endeavor to obferve im partial juft'Ce, withour regard to perlons or iubjeclsi and if I have failed of im- preffing this on the mind of the 5Vnate, 5t wiH be to me a circomfUnce of the deeneft regret. I msy have erred at t-imes. I hdve erred. This 5s the law of hu jo a For ho- ne ft errors, however, indulgence may be hoped. I owe to troth and juft'ce, at the feme time to declare that rhe habits of order and decorum which fo ftrongly charaftenfe the proceedings of ihe Se- nate, have rendered die of their Prefidenr an office of l.trlc diffi- culty that on times and which have tried rhe t'enfibiiities of the calm and remoerate diicuffion 2ias rirtlyhesi: djfturbed by departures from onler. the fupport which I have received from the in the per- formance of mv ti'Uic-s here, attend me into the new itv. ion r.> which the pub- lic will has tiarr.fertvd me, I fivill cori- fiJer it as commencing uader the hap- pieft anlpiccs. With theie expreifions of my dutiful regard to the Senate as a I a Ik leave to mingle my particular w fh.cs for the health and of the in- dividuals it: and to render them my corcial and refpeetfui TIIO. JEFFERSON. Feb. 2? The addrefs was referred to MefiYs. Morris, Dayton and J. Mafon, who on Monday reported a form of reply, which was agreed to, and prefemed bv a committee to Mr. Jeflstfon on Tutfdav. SIR, While we ca-ngrntulate you on thofe expreflions of the pur.lic will which called you to the fiiir office in the LJ- nited States, we cannot but lament the lofs of that intt Higc-ncc-. attention and impartiality with which jou have prc- I flcied over our deliberations. Tnc- Se- nate feel themf_-lvcs rnuch gratified bv the fenie you i.ave been plea fed to ex- prefs of their {import in the perform- ance of your !r.tc duties. Be perl'uad- ed that it will never ho withheld from a chief ite, who ri the exrrrife of his office ba influenced by a due regard to ihc honor anci hut-reft of our county. In the confidence that your u.'fijial conducl will be di- rected ro thc-ie great a comi- dence derived from pad events, we repeat to yvi, Sir, the alF.irance of ojr conftirniior-.al in your fu- ture our government, and I accept with i great their a iTu ranees of fupport in whatever regards the honor and intereft of our count! v. Know- ing no other object in the of mv public duties, their confidence in my future conducl, d-rived pa ft events, ft a 1 1 not be diiappomt-jcL far as mv may enable nic to dil- cern thole ohiefls. %j The approbition, they ai-e fo good as to exorefs of mv conduct in th.- chair of the Senate, is highly gratifying lo me. and I pray them to accept my humble thanks for thefe declarations of it. THO. JEFFERSON. March 3d, rS'or. March 6. ON WEDNESDAY, THE FOURTH OF M A !l C !K MR. JEFFERSON' and BURR. entered on their offices as Prn'ident and Vire-Prefident of the Unired Erases. Twelve o'clock was the hour ap- pointed for the Preiidenr to rs-kc rhe oath of ofn.ce. A multitude of pcrf'ips, affcnibled ac r-ie CaoiLo', much earlier in the day th; of the Senate Chamber was and the chamber irfelt wab wi h the Senate, ladies, with members of the Houfe of Repiefentarives and gen- tlemen introduced by them. A large proportion, therefore, of the c-m- courfe of citizens could not enter the doors of that aaartTient, About ii o'clock, the Senate being convened, Mr. BURR appeared, paiU-'d on towards the chair from which Mr. Hillhoufe the PrdkU-nt of .Senate pro tempo re descended, adininifl-red the oath of ofEcean-J conducted him to the chair where he took Irs (cat as Prcfcddnt of t'.it Senate u'nd delivered d fhorc acldrefs. The credentials of fix newly c'.ecled fenarors were then read and ail receiv- ed without except thole of Tracy, who anointed by the governor and council of Cunnerlicut to till the vacancy occalioncd by his time expiring; on the third irtft. Mr. Tracy and the other new fena- rors were admitted to their I'cats after the ufual oath had been adminiflered to t hern. Some d'fcuffi.m then arofe in the fs- nite cm (he quefiion wliether U ay G- eerie-, Elq. member from land, w-is ftill entitled to fu and He having appoinred a of tiie Uirre'd States; huc not having yet recc-ivn-d Afrer (rime ral members, Mr. Greene role ,md t'a.d, that heihougiir r Ilatc he rf prcferacd s   it was iiUiMtion it would from mntivis of deli- the cacy Pel-mi AT to retire his ie.it. llion was arc.irdiiv te i'rcfidenr, y e 'ecretarit s of th and vv. hva number of thd memhers of lie public offic- ers, his nppcaranc'.-, piff-d up to tiic in li-_- lately pru- fi-Jed iii rhe Icnatc, and ar'icr 'being a :rt time, role a.j j delivered r j ruj o' P E E C H; Prcfidc-nt -jf th-j n.-o tern i 1 i i To r1- cleG renlK'i GF.NTLf.MhX, j receive wi.h due conge-ami dioiis of .'-Vn.ite in..; callec! to ti.'- ;e Culi'-ci t Mnderinke rhe di'tics h; !l executive o.h'-e ,.f our c irv, I aval! -nvi-'.f of th prclr-n-e of tH.-.t poition r.f ;iiv ic-lhi.v is her.-; ro :nv thanus for the v. ich U'hio.'i have b'.'c-n pieni.jd l.-.nk tO'-varo; TV, to a ijncci'3 cunlci- oufnefs that the rafk is above my talents, and t-hat I approach it with ihofe anx- J'-us and awful prefenrimenis the g-c-acnt-fs of the charge, and the wcakneh of my powers lo juflly in- fp-.re. A rifmg nation, fpread over a vide and fruitful land, traversing all the icas with the ricli productions of their uuiuO'-y, in commerce nations who feel power forget advancing rapidly to deftiities be- yond the reach of mortal eye when I contemplate theie rranfcend'ent objefts, and Ice the honor, rhe and tiie hopes of this beloved country com- mitted to the ifloe a.id the aufpiccs of this day, I fhrinlc from the contem- plation and humble mvfelf before the magnitude of the undertaking. Utterly indeed fhuuld I defpair, did not the preft-ncc of many, whom I here fee, remind me, that, in the ether high an- thnritir-s by our confhtmion, I (hall Mud rcfources of wii'dutn, of vir- tu- and of which to rely under all difficulties. To you, then.'gt-ti'.le- men, who are charged with the love- reign funclions of Icgillarion, and to thofe allucia-ed you, I wiiii encouragement for that guidance and fupport which may enable us to fleer wrh lafety the veffrl in which we are all emb.irked, am-dft the conflicting e- leneiusof a troubled world. During the contefl of opinion through which we have pajt, the animation of diicullions and of exertions has foine- an alpect which im- poie Di) unufed to think freely, and to (ueak and to writs what they t'imk. but this being now decided by the voice of the nation, announeeu ac- cording to the rules of the conftitution, will of courle arrange themfelves under the will of the law, and unite in the common good. Ail too will bear in mind this {'acred .principle, that although the will of the majority is jn all cafes to prevail, that will, to be rightful rmift be reafondble; that the minority poffcfs their equal righ s. which equal laws muft pi ote-cl, and to violate would bii opnreifion. Let us then, feiiovv' citizens, unite with one heait and one mind, let us re.'trjre to focial intercourfe that harmony and af fejt.on withof.c which 1 berly, and even life ufelf, are but dreary things. And icr us reflect rhat having from our land that religious intoler- ance under which mankind fo long bled and we have yet gained little, it we countenance a pol.ticai intole- rance, as drlpntic, as wicked, and cana- ble of as bitter and bloody pei lecui io'ns. During the throes and convulfions of the ancient world, during the agonif- ing fpalms of infuiiatc-d man, fctking through blood and {laughter his loner loft liberty, it not wonderful thai the agiraiion of the billows fh >ul.l rc-acii even this dift.uu and peaceful fhore; rhat this fiioul.l be i-nurc felt and bv fume rind Id's byot'ners: and fh'inld divide opinions as to rriea- iurcs of fafety b'it every diflcrence opinion is not a diiiert-nce of principle. We called by different na.nes bre- thrr-n of the fame principle. We arc ail republicans: we are ail fonoraiifh. there be. .ny am-unjr us who would with to diflolvc this Union, or to change form, let th-.-m ftarui uu- d fiuihcci as raop.iit.uijr, }iC fnfcty error of opinion m-iy b.; ti'.cral-j'J, v.herc re-jfon is loft to comj'arf: it. I iome rn.-n fear that a i go- vermr.er.f cnnoot it this jrovcr nnicnt is Urong en -ugu. J'l-jt wujlti prnriot. in tl.c iull iKIc eXjirrimcnfs ahar.- don a government which h.is lo tar KvX am! the rl and vifionary fear, that this govern- ment, the world's bed hope, may, b'y poilibility, want energy to prcferve it- I truft not. I rhis, on the contrary., the ftrongcfl government on earth. I believe ii the only one, where every man, at the call of the law, would Hv to ths flandard of rhe law and would niece iuvafiorss of the public order as his pei fonal con- cern. Sometimes it is faid that man cannot he trulled witli rhe government: of himi'elf. Can he then he trnfled with the government of others Or have we found angels, in the form of Kings, to govern him? Let hiflory er this cjueUinn. Let us then, with courage and con- ence, purfue our own federal and republican principles; our a- tschmene ro union and rcprclcnrativc govern- ment. Kindly fcparated by naruro nrid a wide ocean from the extorminatiny hav.ic of one cpiarter of the giubc too lugh minded tr? endure the Jc-nradari- ons of the others, pofll-ffing a i clu.fcn. connrry, with rootn cnoiipjj for our d end ants ro the r. lh.ua I tuidt h and thou- Ijndih generation, cnienaining a due fenfe of our equal right to our fa- culties, to the acquisitions of our owrt induftry, to honor and confi lence frorri our fellow cit'zcns. rt-ful mg not from birth, but from our bciions and their fenfe of thi-m, enlightened by a beniga religion, profcflrd indeed and praotiied in various fonir-, yet all of them in- culcating honefty, truth, gratitude and the love of man, acknow- ledging and adoring; an over ruling providence, by its difuenfations proves that it del'glits in the hapuincis of man here, and his greater Isappinefs hereafter with all theie blefllngs, what more is neccffiry to make us a prufperous and a happy people? Si ill one thing more, fellow a wife and frugal government, may rcllrarn men Irom injui intr one nnut herj fhrfli leave them free to rct'u- late i heir own puii'uiis of indulirv nrid improvcmenr, and fli.ill not take from ihs mouth of labor the bread it IMS e-jrned. Th-s ii vhe ium vcrnmsrnt n.iri t'nis is neccfLry to clofe 'he circle of our f About to enter, fellow citizens, on the extrcife of duties which compre- hend every thing dear and valuable to >ou, if is projj'er you' fhould undci ft.irnl v. hat J deem the effentbl principles of our government, ihofe which ought ro fliape its admanftrati- on. I will comprefs them in the nar- rowefl vompafs they will bear, ftaifng the gciieral principle, bu- not all us inr.itations. Equal and exact jufuce ro all men, of whatever date or perfua- fic.n, religious or political commerce, and friendrhip with all nations, entangiii.g alliances with none the fnpport of the (tare govern- ments in all i- rights as the mo ft cr.mpetent adminiftratioris for our do- me flic and tiie furelt warks againft anti-republican tenden- cies: the prefervation of trie general government in i s conflirutional vigor, as the Ihect of our peace at home, and fafcry abroad: a jealous care of the right cxf eleclion by the people, a mild and f'ife corrective ahu! v.-iiich are ti e I word. of revolution where pe.tcc.ihle rcmeiiirs ?'.re uriprovifled iblolure acquitf- cer.cc in the dec-fions of :he fie v.tal p. isiciplc of'rcpuhlics, from winch is DO appeal hut to force, the v.tal and irnmccia'c parent of .ietpotilm well rmli- th iiu't: in pta< e, r.nd for fir ft m-irnen; s of wat, tiii regulars rel cvc tht-ni the of the civil over tlic militji-y auihority   

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