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The Adams Centinel (Newspaper) - February 18, 1801, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 12, February 1801. OUR 01; IDE----T I'li J> C I1. L 1 C GOOD, O f IV erery C'eiitinel pu'jlifl onflaixr and type vftu'-iick this is a and riled to jnck places as lit dirtied, by the ear I it j} op- portunity. J'lLd antin.i! price is Dollars to fa paid h-.df ysr.'iv. in ad- vance One Dollar on tlie firil minibtr of tack half year. of ny brc itijerlsd the fir ft for for sack continn- fijtAi', cis-fifth tif a, Du'-itir. Thafti etcseding a in the iiropur- tton. CITY o? WASHINGTON. CONG 11 HOUSE OF RE: Wednefday, January 21. SEDITION' LAW. Houfe in committee, Mr. Morris in the chair. The refoltition reported by the com- mittee was, that it would be exc-cdieut to renew the law in addition fo the act for the punifhrnent of certain crimes a- gainfb the U. States. Mr. Platt, chairman of the commit- tee, explained the rej'ons of the com- mittee in a resolution for its continuati- on. The only arguments that could be adduced to that report, becaufe the only ones heretofore preientcd, were as to the conflitutionaiity ancl as to the expediency of the it was conftitutional, he contended could be well and plainly proved, -.vithou: en- tering into the ejuefliosi upon the grounds and proofs at the pe- riod of the origins! paiTJ-e of bill, from the decinon in its favour, after a I lengthy examination ia both houfes c.f and irs adoption into 2 Added to this was the folemr, neciiions and concurrence of the judiciary, and the repeated the 'courts end juries. After thefe deliberate de- ciuuos in favour of it, to dcr.b- thecon- fHtutionality of this law, would be ab- furd. To thcfc who took every occa- fion to fhcw their ooocfuion to the government, and were accnuomecl to vilify the conduct: of its adher- ents, indeed this hw mufh become hated, but thofe v-ho a qood jiovcrnmcnr, a blei'u.jr. and v, erthv rhc protection of a fioo people, nuft ap- provc of the of as the mod valuable of iufhiturlcns ia its fupport. As to theexpeciiencv of tbc rnccf.'.re, the committee ic a Jome and amelior iuierpratf r of the common efhblifiied to allili: the government upon the fair and -equitable principles. O.. the one hand, the right of the infnp-ort of i tie If, is efl.abli.lv o on the that right of i- io eftibli'.lird, as not to injure in the Lair, the hr.pc.it and h.dividual, but to afFordhim a of cxcnloa inghim- felf, although enticed ir. fcrurinizing the meafures of t l.c adiMimflraiioM of That government; k-r urdcl's it can be made to appear evidently to a court nnd Uiry that ihe wiitten was done a. falft! an.i intenrion7 the precaution is uiijeis. He nothing in this l..vr, r.orwithKanuir.g- all which had be.'ii about it, which an honed man to fear. X-> government in t wot id demanded the public -.r.orc than our% "when well adnv.n, L cd nnd fnrruld fuch n govern ITU r.u be brouMic popular difrcpute impunity, thrc.' fa He Sc wi hiring of chefs peaceably erijoy ivs refulgence He truflcd not. The Houfe had been told en a its extent b been called to hi ri-l, and allh to be u'.i former occafum, that the Sun of was about to let lie con- fcfled that he viewed horror ihe awful night that would follow. But not whih't he pof- Sidled a feat in that he thought himSeif bound to legifirtte in favour of rneaiures ro fupporc ihe government which tke people had honored with th'.-ir choice. This reverfe of fhould never drive him from which it became his duty the moM folernn conviction to adopt, fince injury could rcluk bat to tho-b wilful and habitual oppofcd it by fallehoods. his he not afraid of the new i .icier of things ha had nothing to fear from the exigence of this iaw. To ihofe ho believe the rules of common of force, ancl in eKe-d in the United Srates, this law in Lift be- truly strati the co.r.tnori law two, practices which t'nis atr mo PC effectually remov- ed by its amcliorarinjr Firfr, he obfervt-d, the common law rejected the evidence of truth in the caics of Second thine; he mentioned was, that the court: had an unlimited authority to cfceicain and judge-of the penalty. By this law the truth rrjuvr. be given in evidence, and the penalty is afcertained. He truiied that, whilil: the liberty of fpeech and of the prefs (a privilege t j be prized above all others) were made fecure, j tne Houue fee the propriety or j pi eventing the uniimiicd and abandon- j ed abule .-if this fo I to the prefervaticn of order was to be judged ef in an impartial j privilege by are iecLircd :o eve- j rv individual and to the povei inr.c-nt equal -rights. Upon thcie principlca i he rnuftever contend for the propriety ot a meaiure at once to the go- vernment and to the well dcligning cinzeu. Mr. Davis was oppoH'd tV-c 1-TVir from a view of the injurious that hsd been made of if. He cieh'en anv ger.r'.ernan to produce iucn a fcene of abui'e of the committed crs the hands of a government as had uiiplaved Jtfelf in this counrry under the in queTnon- Jiven Great Britain irfeif the gcvernrncnt had bfcn 10 laviln of :ti) prolecuticnc, not produce Im'cances where a pro-note its invc that a true eftimation be made of its iutrinlic worth, For this caufe gentle-men ought to pj event the re-enaction of tins, i.iw, io oppoled ro r.iveftioation into conduct of our public olliccrs, lint thit tile law was not fo imma- culate as its admirers lie wou reer oentiemeu ll to te anew: lie TJ ior hjj through a deficijiiry I of whici: lie it to be i-i j his pov. ,.r to obtain, time bcirtr i the trial to i cePci, and the pcrfon convicted aucl judgment upon him. Of con- cluiTc libe this, iaP.rnccs j America How t'iCn could the tlei'inr. pietcnd to call this the fulemn dcriliun of courts anr! I' 1! he fir- nominated th.at a loleirm trial, hec.-ul.i i think it no to from j him he liiinieH' bound by the rules of propriety lo to do it ccitainly r.ot a iolcmn trial. The gentleman laid thofe who np_ poil d the government, and thought adminiitranon bad, naturally oppofe the law. A plain deduction, Mr. Davis thought that thole v.'ho and the to be bad, would l-rty t'p.eir har.cs on rl.c mouths and pens of the people, net fuffer it to be lifted, the people' flioulcl clifcovcr it to be evil fnre, the tliought the admi- r.iitration bail, ii: was no wonder he attempt prevent its lo popular conierr.pr. On the con- trsry, th-jfc who thr, itifovcrn- niect a b-U Cling ic the people, ought to profccutions of ncwipaper cdirors, uiider ir, and to the very numerous petitions which, previous to its 1 ,3 wlien its repeal v. RS prayed for, Cio'.vdod the c'eik's table. Aud were dc'ermincd ycc more to tne aiie-cuons of the people :h.c.ir jrovernrnent i1 lie believed in way ic !isc! dune im- ircnic ancl tiiat t-vil would vaHly by its But he be- lieved a Ho rime it had done much good; ne believed the of rhis and nklomc meafure had prcunoieJ tlie change in pnbl'c whicii had htely evinced itfeif io univerijlly. A lure prooi That the inorc encourage- ment the guvernment to a free invefiigbtiun, the more it will merit sod obtain the cflicm and iupport of the people. The gentleman believed be a niw order of things he believed io too; J.e believed the oicl writings would be burnt r.p, laugh on account oi 'hs recesit hres in the departments gowrninenr) and that we fhoulct a order of things srabitf, and iuch an one he believed and truiLed it would be as no man need to fear. But why did the fenilen-an irom this cx-uyjiuation irur- ibv conduct, of pubhc men .J What coijld uppcar fo unHi. for 11 laid, by tlie r.rov of the tnli, to be the fafe path. 1: was not L-ecuui-: he feared the confeqr.er.ces he the repeal of I'oeldw. He that the evidence cf truth opciate to clear the sccufed, if innocent, and he was not afraid, he believed there was not the loalt i.c- f-jr tiaveiling; beyoi.d tne bo-inc's of ILict truth to fhew ihe baches ot tl.e ctliou. There certainly v. as iufhuient pround tl'.ole bc.und-, for t-ll the animadvetfions of MS :ncfr ir.vttot'Jtc cnemits. No man could to fjy nioie lhan the trirh to the meauircs of ;.iic govern- to cc-ntcnroi. and he believed ruith ivctcl frf diiccd its upon trie expediency of the lie vor.i'l f.uiiier fay that if hi: rci an v good effect.; b.av- ot'Cu by it fince the period. which would have been fullered to re- main on the table wuhout any intenti- on of being called up. lie did hope that no attempt, would ever have been e to lene-.v cltgiee of heat and virulence' which had to much difplay- cd iifi-lf on this fuhjccl on former Liiile clirl he think gentle- nun iinccrely to this But his liopes that this ii'iiir cblclete. lie would p.npeel to every gentleman in ibe liecrd cr v. !.o liad read the arguments onrnnailv in its favor, w.. ether ac this period there was any authority, or any neccflity, cs uigeJ in thole t-xiUed cst the prsfent the coriiitjtiar.ee or tijis unpppuUr mcaiute. If the h'a-mor.Vj the peace and the Jsapuinefs or ihe Union were to confulted, the moft uipenc exiiied, he believed this very irkfomc difcullion oiioht to br-ve been avr.ided. BI.L as -in en had not t'nought proper to avoid this iubjccl, io jcplete cfienefcence in the' public mind-, he would not fhrink from the u'.Uuihun. nor tho law, ci- ther as a a member of the Ji.'tufcj or a of the United States. lie nor enter into a of the uncouf iintionality of the law. How (Irong'.y Soever gentleman fup- poied thr.t to havr been decid- ed by ihe Centre f- paffed ibc law the judges ll'c-.r opihion un- on it, or the juries o h'JcTk-ilh d tl'c cafes to their., he ;dl rhut oeritlenian aij his anh :C fstlsfxd it. there i r.eopie v. L oe iomc grounds upei: to lu-.port i'S it did not that the had been produced by i', but rhr.t a very ot the r.cou'e much with it. L'pon ihe he ccniidesed vtry impo'.i ic in its rint'.iiV and ur.juft in its li- ons. himlelf, he ed Inni- (tlf a.s aftlnof the part of an honeft man in all his public and was tolicive his conduct ftrictly fcrutinixca and not in the effects of the law upon himicif did he fear it or condemn it, opiiiion t'nat would be entertained chits revival lie deprecated as inj-virimir, in its tendency as (till rendering more Icofe thvfc bands aiicctions of a free people formed to promote the welfare. lla.r.cloij'1'. i'-iid v. hen this report was firft coniideied. it was inertly the fnlfjilnifTit in an obligation which tlie C'jmrni'ree thought bo'ind bv to the Home, and ron- C.Udcd it 25 a that he had a fi.il! tribunal ro ap- peal to, and an ;hrv produce he rneaur dma Their was powerful than. courts, thcle rwo branches of tho> logiflarure, treie jiulgep, 2nd this nrefi- to whom ihe geiviern'm referred. "j'he will of the ps_t.ple ha-.l been fairly and fully expieffi-d upon this i'ubjeflt, and notv.'ithibji.dinfv all inferior dcci- iion, Miis ouMit thii nlrimately be attended to; the people would bu hcaui. lie would sik tlicr it v, as expcuieni, at this lime, mofl of all of hers, the houfe to ihcw tiieir conii-nipt to the opinions of the peo- plr- it wns prudent -.1 inft.lc u-n'ci it in a ib well appiTC.ii'od by thcrn as tlji-- l.rv and rt a iv liocl icn t'u-y fo ly ihat rl.eir na nri'.r ITU on r! he whi-. h tlii-i n-eaf'ii e e'-vec', ti e fj.ii '.t -v he rcl .f'J !JT, p'Ct of tl-f EogliHi Jar hi; jj'i be ilzlorion. i.'onLdc'.'mtf his 1 He ;.ure of tiic ilatc which be the 'mrior in rcprclbnf, .V. r. lai-i. jrivcn inffr.fJ ions to lu.-r j ,s and Senators in io opjjoj't, by every their po-aer, any artcnipr tl'.ai: be rnddc io renew this f-nd cK fcruciive aci. From wiiich, lie not even fuily convifjced of if, unton- fl. rutio.'iaiity, of he noc cnrcitain a doubt, he felt hiinfclf pecu- liarly to cxprefs the ouiuiori of that i In re, to give iirion to ir. in its feveral Were he to ael he re-ally cnal.t to the words of a great officer of our government the (late of as refened to laft fcffion by the jufi down) humble hjiTilclf in duft and before an in- fulttc! and ;nui_onanr ro ii.iltuclicus, as r.3 ;o ail the feel- irnjs and good fcnl'e of the Americaa jjfopie. Grifwtfd fiid it be NEWSPAPER! NEWSPAPER!
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