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Adams Centinel Newspaper Archive: February 4, 1801 - Page 1

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Publication: Adams Centinel

Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

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   The Adams Centinel (Newspaper) - February 4, 1801, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania                        WEDNESDAY? February A, iSoi Vol. L T :i u T n. OUR c u i D COODj OUR AIM. i Cer: uriel is publifiicd dajf, on paper and type of which this is a to JnJi places as fhallbt ilm ear lit IT op- portunity.------TLd aunnal is Two Dollais ffi be p-iid -ifveai'Iy, in itd- One en the Jirjl number of ea.cn '.cilf yt.ir. Advertiteirsenfc, length than brzadih. infer ted f'.f r- -tr Units for Dollar Jar cc-ch ance onr ftfr i "fa Tcllar. Thoje exceeding a Jauarc in the fame propor- tion. Convention in ro cur trade The following ihe French Convention, r.rc extruded ths Alexandria n'n-r. Tk--y ppprar- ed in tint pa {..tr bc'o.e ihe dftzrirj iian of the Stnate 'mas known on fubjed. HE Senate in permitting rht pub- ication of the vcnzion between the French llcpuulic and the United States, before their confer, t to its rati- fication. has been either tjiven or deni- ed, may be to have done icy that the Tiearv become the fub- ject of difcuffinn in the public prints. To a nation fincsrely defirous of maintaining peace and harmony svith. all others, .the article o{ peace, and che feveral articles concerning; neutral na- vigation, rn'-.fl beexTcmely aijiet-ible. In diminsfhing the lifr of conirib.-nd> in guarding the cittentioir and interruptions ro neutral corn- Tnerce is liable eluding 7 maritime war, a policy lias pmfncj hiohiy advan- tao-cifus to the U'med c--ates, if the fti- puhtions fhj hi- --bfevved with good faith. It is ..otHhle, however, that fuch advantages mav at too high a price, and :t will lemain ro be exa- mined whether fbn.t: other parts of the Convention arc not hable to Inch ftrong; objections as to render it expedient eicr.er to lutif? :t u, on condition that certain a! f eras ions {Lall be agreed to on the part of the French Govcrnircnr, or to reject it, and leave the whole fub- jet't to be relumed in another ncgocia- tion. Inrefpect to commerce the terms of the fiipularions are vague. They do rot exprefslv the French Weir-India Ifl.nris or their Eaft India dominions, ana thciefore thole are not TO be coniicicrcri compreiiendecl in the Convention Tins conftrudtinn is par- ticularly fcivomctl by the eleventh ar- ticle, by whir] our ciu.-'xns ate to en- joy in tc the. it, ff i'.e French Ra- fivblir in EarcU, the privileges inimur ines, :M and navigation, which are ti.j .yea by individuals of the moft favorf d nation So too, loth article provides for 'he rtfulence of Commercial Ayenis in France dud ihe United Sta.es. "CVr.lcij'iSMi-iy tra.ie and commeicn of the U'meJ States, with the Freivh remain the willar.fi of the Government robe r.iloucJor difaliow- ed, as that government i'h-iil deem expe- dient. Tht tr-rm on which our trade to St. Doming-) will be permitted arc not yet jettled and that beir.p- very profitable :o us in employing fliips and feamcn will be rclinqnifhcd very on our parr. Kathcr relinquifh ir, we inall be ci'.lpofccl to folloxv up ilie preicnt Convention, ir it is ratified, with iorne new engagements whici. Trance fliall deem ar: equivalent, or if we do not, wcimy to be ex'.luded that trade fucli cxclnficT, be con- venient to France, fn cipher point of view Uic corJl-.; 'enccs of ra- fvir.v? tljc with St. Domingo is unprorpihng of good. this is mentioned, it is deemed of itk-lf o1-' f-irliciein mo- rncnr: to juft'fv a rejection or n UK! ill tui- tion of the Convention, but it ought not to be wht-n other mt-re ic- are weighed. It beino; a received opinion in the in- terprerati'tn of our Confluutioii, thata treaty uibfcquer.t to a {Unite of Ccn- greis may abrogate or repeal the Se- cond drriclc in he Convention pre'ents ior conn deration tiie important whet- cr it ciocs abrogate and funerccde t.he aft of Congrefp, panVl r.i July, declaring toe treaties before fhat time concluded with France, no longer obligatory on the United To meet, this, queftinn faiily and fuilv, it be proper to rec'te here the- Arti- cle aud the- iSta: ute. ARTICLE 2. The Miniftcis Plenipotentiary of the two parties not being abU' i'o at pre-fent reflecting treaty of alli- ance of the 6'h Febi uary, the treaty of amity and commerce of the fame date, and convention of the November, 1778. nor upon the indem- nities murualjy JRV or cla'mc.'i, ihe par- ti a will negotiate further on i fnijc Sis at a until have agreed upon thffc points, the Ca-d treaties i J J 3 U aiid convention Jliall have no operation. and rhe rehiions of the two countries be icgulaied as follows." S T A T UTE. An acV to declare the treaties here- tofore concluded with France.no longer obligatory on the United Srares. Whereas the treaties concluded be- tween the United States and France haiif. uecfi repeatedly violated on tlit part of ths. French r1orernme.nt, and rhe jufb chums of the United States for repara- tion of the. injuries io have been refuied, and their attempts to ne- gociate an amicable adjuilment of all complaints between the two nations have been repelled with indignity and whereas under the authority of the French government there is yet purftied again ft the United States a fyflem uf piedatory violence infracting the faid tieaties and hoftile to the rights of a free and independent Be it enacted by the Sena'c and Houfcof of the United States of America, in Congreis affcrn- bled, That the United States are of right freed and exonerated from the flipulations of liie treaties and of the confular convention heretofore con- cluded between the United States pnd France and that rhe lame frail not henceforth be regarded as legally ob'ign- torv on the government or citizens oi the United States.'' If -ine nation repeatedly violotes a treaty in its cfTcntial points, by doing ir, puts ir in the power of cvher na- tion to clecbte treaty null anc void in its obligations as to this other nation, i'uch is the ei'iabhfheJ ducc-inc of the law of nations, and it is f u ruled on the mo ft evid-.nt principles of real and juflice. Briides the doclrine tends to irsake nations obierve their treaties good faith, when a violation on the one part may fiirnifh good "rounds to the other the treaty for- O J v Upon this foundation, in 1708, the iovereigo power of t'.ie United 5tates pu: an end to rlie ancient treaties with France, oie of wl.ici: was a treaty of perpstnal tilliance eventual and defcn- fivc, by declaring in a moit iolemn act the United States freed for ever from he cb'.iffations of thole treaties by vir- tue of the repeated vio' itior.s thereof pnrt yf tlie an 1 iis rcfufal of th.e jufi, demands of icndratirjn made by the United in tlse vear a convention ib con- cluded between the United States ard. the French Republic, and the le- ond- article contains a peifcS; piomive thuc t'se parties will n'-gociare at a time the ancient tivS and the indemnities due or cK-tirreJ, andagiee, that thofe trea- t fhall iidvc no operations until they fliall have a; reed upon thofe points. Is there ro crlillion between the fla- tute and the artfcle i the fcatutc the treaues are for e- ver clift grid of their obligation upon thr. United orates. By the Iripulatiou the treaties are to have no operation negocistion, which ispro- miffd, fliall rie conclijO'_d by an am-ee- mcijt on ihoic points. Founded on the previous violations a no injuitice of France, the fiaiuteisait abk.'u1, e repeal of the treaties in regard to the Unicccl 1 he rtipulaiion is a. mutual fcfpen- fion of the t-ncient trtaties in their o- until a certain event {hail Laup'jn. 'I o iufpsncl a ihir.g in its operation, admits us cxiflcnce, pnd thereiorc rhe fiipuiation is grounded on the bails that tlie ancisnt treaties- were in force in the year iSon, notwuhftand'ng viohi- tions cf France and the of the fovereign of the United States in the ftdtute of 179Q. If ihis be a correct view of the fub- the United States will be preclud- ed at a future negociation from taking the pofition, that the treaties were va- careci in rhe year 1798. How Can a compact after it has been vacated at one time, be fufpencled st a fubfequent time- or hy covenant in exprefs tci ms ro 1'jfpcnd the operation of a treaty, un- lefs that tieaty is admitted to be obli- gatory at the time of its fufper.fiun. All Ameiicans, of all parties, unite in opinion that the United Stales ought tc be allied with none of the European pov. ers, and having been happily, juft- iy and honourably exonciated forever of the alliance with France, it is nain- ful to contemplate a pofiibihry ot ever ft cing this a fubject of negociation at a future day. IfJFrancc will not during the prcfcut war, acknowledge the ancient trcaries to be vacated, what rcafon is there for us to hope for iuch a ientiment when peace jhdil be reitorcd to Europe But this is the whole obj-ctior, to the fecorid article. It in- diflrsiulily the indemnities chimed for the fpoliativns committed on American coinmeice, with the ancient treaties. Until an agreement fhal! be made concerning the ancient treaties, none is to be made concerning the indemni- ties. YvMicn America ilid.ll claim a ne- gociation on thr iubj.ct of indemnr.iL.s, Irrance will leqvnre a ncgoci.ition rela- tive to the ti eaty of alliance and un- til an agreement ihall be made on both iubjects, no be ob- tained or is to be expected for the de- predations on the merchants of the U- nited Slates. j Is there honor, is there juflicc, is j there policy in (uch a fripubtion I it not fuptrlede anc! diicredit ail tlie I allegations of in the preamble of the f'atute which has been cited j Does it not leave the clairr.s of our dc- i piedated citizens without a hope of re- j drcfs .And for what are thefe claims thus facrificed z Wasit that the United States may be freed from the ancient treaties which t'neyhnd been freed i by the fb.tute of Control's and tl-.e vie- j htions of thofe on the part of France which the flat me r. -cites i' JTo thir to ihe iriov.rc. fv.r- nifli ground for the citizens to complain of ihc American oovo-rn- mei.t. that the point of compe'nrsuon for rhe ipolrations of the Fverrch has been too yielded: Thefe J'polia- tions .ue iaid to exceed twenty mi'llions of dollars. is there in the fecond article fo advantageous to the United States, as to induce them to bury in o- bhvion, or to leave in n hopelefs condi- tion the jufU-laims of our citizens for twenty niii-Jcns of To agree to this article, xviU be a proof to the commercial citJrens, that their rights arc not iuflicienrly regard- ed even by their ov- n govei nmc.nti> jc would be better if the convention were wholly iilent refpecfung the ancient treaties and the indemnities if the ar- ticle was wholly ftrnck out; and if ihe Senate fhail determine on a modf- ricatiou, it is to be hoped ihat thisarti- cle mav nor be allowed to be a part of the convention. ULP1AN. N JL indemr.iricaticn for depre- dations on thr fea is by the' i'c- cond article mac'e "the Jubjofl of ion, e fcHuieneguciation, in ronncdtion v-itli t-he rrcarics, fo as tr. cut oil G- very of fur cefs, vet we find it a- grecd in the thud airicie, rbat public of v, ar which had been. tai-eu on the one pa it and the other, orfhouM be taken before ilie oxcharjo-e o Such an ariicic is ccruinly vt-ry uri- ufual in treaties when pn'olic of war are taken, they an- immediate- ly, if fit, incorpora.ed in the navy of the captor, arid after that is done the reftorcttion. becomes iuconvei-re nt and impolitic. The repairs and equipment of the-lhipare fometimes rjaade at con- liderabJte expcncc, which, in cafe of re will be loft to the captcr. In the prefenc inftance it was known to the American Envoys, that public {hips hdd been taken 1mm the French, and that the Fiench had rakcn no pub" lie fhip from the United States con- iequtntly rhe refioration entirely to be mane on our part. But it was koov. n tun, at t'ic fame time, thnt the I-'iench hac1 and condemned ma- ny private fhips, none of which are pulared to be rcUorccl. 1 here is a coEdefcer fion in ihis ar- ticle not eafily rcconciledble with ihofe feni indents of honor fo neccffary to be chfci.fhcd in 3. rn'ilitarv or navsl cfta- blilhni'-nr, and ir will be recollected with regrel by our ofiicers and feamen, to whofc zeal in ihe public Icrvice it affords no enci The next olnVlmn is of a fcrinus natuie and anjes out of th- fixth and artirjes, wi ich preicnt a qiitdion, uheiher they he confiflenr: with tlie twenry-iiith article of the Bi itifli Ti earv. Jiy this article of the Rrit.'fh Treaiy tlie fliijjs of war and Ciieat Jiiitain are allowed to biii g their prizes mto th" jioit.s of the Unr- eel Statts. io ihcm away to the places mentioned in their comrnif- iions, and it is muttj-illy ftiuulati'd that no fheltcr or refuge fliall be giv- en in it.cir ports to fuch as have made upon the lubjccts or cu-zens of either of the parries, but if forced by ftreis of vreather c.r the dangers of the (ea to enter therein, particular care (hall be taken to hafUn their dt.-pnr- and to them to retire as, loon as poiTible. in 'his Trea- ty contained {Ijall however be coi.ilrti- ed to operate con.rary to forme- public Tic2lics with otht-r io- vricigns or Jin: t'u Is, W S SPAPER   

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