Delaware County Daily Times (Newspaper) - August 6, 1975, Chester, Pennsylvania A tree knows best how to care for its own wound TREATING TREE WOUNDS: Few things are more baffling to the home gardener than knowing how to treat a tree wound. Actually, a tree knows best how to care for a wound than many of us do. After a tree is wounded, it's own defense system goes into action. It first forms a chemical barrier in the wood behind the wound to prevent infection by micro-organisms. These barriers are effective in stopping wood inhabitating bacteria and fungi. The wound often heals itself. In some in- stances may get through the protective chemical barrier. Then the tree has another line of defense. The injured cam- bium produces a zone of special cells that seals off or partmentalizes" the wood 'that's infected. The micro- organisms may spread up and down within this compartment, causing the wood to discolor and decay, but the decay does not spread sideways into new wood. In other words, it's like a tree within a tree. The old in- fected tree inside, sealed off from new wood. Not all the micro-organisms are bad. One kind may block another and keep it from in-" fecting the tree. What can you do when a tred is gashed by a lawn mower, garbage truck, fire, ice or a skidding car? If the damage is extensive call a good "tree man." If you can't afford his services and want to tackle the job yourself, do this: (1) Make all limb cuts FLUSH. Leave no stubs. (2) Take a good sharp knife and remove the injured bark and wood so that healthy bark is in contact with sound wood at the margins. This helps a tree help itself and bring about faster "compartmentalization" of the wound. (3) DON'T DAB A LOT OF JUNK ON A WOUND and forget it, thinking you've done your job. Wound Dressings DO NOT stop decay. In fact, our belief is that some of the stuff put on wounds delay healing. Paints, tars, goop of any kind often pull away from the wound, leaving a little space which is ideal for breeding grounds for insects and fungi. Some wound dressings are fine but why is it that commercial fruit growers do not use anything on the limbs they cut off' The best way to prevent decay on tree trunks is to avoid making a wound. Put a gravel mulch or a barrier around your trees so you don't crack into the bark with a mower. Any one who cuts a tree limb off and leaves a 6 inch stub on the trunk ought to spend a night in jail. Tree stubs do NOT heal over. They rot out, forming a funnel which catches water, which favors more and more rot in the trunk. BLACK PLASTIC MULCH: Gardeners who grew crops on black plastic mulch found out how good this material can really be. It's a work-free, weed-free, and insect-resisting way to grow vegetables. It's too Georae The green thumb late to use black plastic now but you should keep it in mind for next season. All you do is lay the plastic sheet over the soil (some gardeners don't even prepare the At planting time you just slit holes in the sheet and insert plants lor sow Heavy rains which might wash out a con- ventional garden, won't touch a plastic-mulched garden. The soil beneath stays warm and moist. Water enters from sides and through the slits in the plastic. We suggest you use the six mil weight or heavier and take it up each fall so the plastic can be used year after year. Clear plastic is no good. It lets light through and favors growth of weeds and grass. We like the plastic because slugs, bugs and other pests think twice before attacking plants. Nice thought for next year's gardens. BIRCH TREE TROUBLES: If your birch tree shows a dying b ack condition at the top, look for the bronze birch borer. This pest makes small D-shaped holes in the limbs. Adults lay eggs on twigs or under the bark during late spring and early summer. When the eggs hatch, the larvae bore into the tree and girdle it, cutting off flow of food and water from the roots. This causes yellowing of the leaves at the tips of affected brandies, premature leaf drop and death of the branch. CONTROL: Cut out the af- fected branches, making sure you get way down .deep, into live tissue where borers haven't reached. Burn the dead branches if possible. Spraying will not control insects already inside the tree. After pruning, feed the tree to stimulate growth. PICKLED YELLOW WAX BEANS: Here's a good recipe for using up surplus wax beans: quarts beans, after they are strung and cut; 2 cups vinegar, 2 cups water, Ib. sugar, 2 teaspoons cloves. 2 tsps. cinnamon. Wash, string and cut beans, boil in water (1 tsp. salt to 1 qt. of" until tender. Drain thoroughly, pack into sterilized jars. Boil vinegar, water, sugar and spices (tied in small until syrupy. Let cool, then pour over beans-in the jars and seal. Makes 3 pints. Note: Green beans can also be used, and you can leave beans whole. We like cloves and stick cinnamon better than the other kind. Also try using juice from the canned beets instead of water; makes a tastier pickled beans. THE GREEN THUMB QUESTION BOX QUESTION OP THE WEEK: F.R. of Chester: "I love holly hpcks but for the past 2 3r 3 years I just can't do a thing with them. They star out nice and green, but turn a nasty brown later on. What can be done to check You have the Hollyhock rust, no doubt. Look for orange-to- dark pustules on lower surface. This causes the leaves to turn yellow, wither and die. Rust (a fungus disease) spreads rapidly up the stalk in wet weather. CONTROL: Sanitation is the key factor in controlling. Since spores of the rust overwinters in pustules on dead leaves or on leaves of mallow or it's a good idea to remove and burn all old hollyhock stems and leaves. The disease is splashed onto new foliage by rain'or carried by air. Also eradicate cheese weed from the garden and lawn. From early spring, when leaves show, until they are full size, spray or dust foliage once a week (cover both top and bottoms of leaves) using Zineb or sulfur dust. Spray second growth weekly in late summer and fall. B.N. of Darby: "Did you ever try parsley my way? Just tie. it up in small bunches and hang up to dry in the basement, or in a shady place outdoors. When thoroughly dry, pulverize and put it in glass jars with lid on." That works fine. We like -to freze our surplus parsley. First, wash it under the faucet. When still wet, roll some up into small "cigars" and then wrap in! aluminum foil. Place in freezer I and you'll have nice greetf I parsley any time of the year. To I use, simply unwrap the foil, shave off what you want, re- wrap and put back into the freezer. Freezing keeps the green color and the flavor is just as good as the garden-fresh plants are. LOG CABIN INN ULTHMi Don't Get Married. 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THE BIGGEST SALE WE'VE EVER HAD STARTS JULY 30th All year long we save Union members Gov't em- ployees and their families lots of money on name brand furniture-But once a year, during our August Sale we save you even more. SAVE UP TO 50% DURING THIS SALE! SAMPLE LISTING-MAM HEMS ON SALE! QUANJIJIES UNMED-mST SERVED! Ceramic lamps with matching shades Contemporaiy 01 traditional sty lings you'll find a lamp that'll add glamour to any room in your home. Your choice... cleverly designed electric wail clocks LIVING ROOM FURNITURE COLONIAL SOFAS CHAIRS IN HER CULON, 2 PC. SET WAS '398.. NOW ZO7 STANLEY TRADIT. SOFA LOVESEAT IN DECOR. VELVET, 2 PC. SET. WAS WOW ROWE STANLEY SOFAS, COLONIAL OR CONTEMP. WAS '379 NOW-Ai 7 MODERN SOFA CHAIR FUR BLACK OR BROWN 2 PC. SET WAS S399.....WOW each Lark, Scholar and Antique Stove clock stylings. Great for living room, kitchen, den or office. Make welcome gifts. MODERN SOFA, CHAIR LOVESEAT .f HIGH-GRADE HERCULON, 3 PCS. !550...................WOW 349 HIDE-A-BEDS-CHOOSE FROM TRADITIONAL IN VELVET OR COLONIAL IN HERCULON, ALL QUEEN REDUCED '100......'.......WOW U I 7 BEDROOM FURNITURE COLONIAL MAPLE OR WHITE, 4 PC. 00 WERE '299 ALL 4 PCS I 77 BEDDING PRODUCTS FIRM TWIN SIZE SET MATTRESS SPRING, QUILT TOP, DELUXE WAS'119 SALE 7 FIRM FULL SIZE SET MATTRESS BOX- SPRING, QUILT TOP, DELUXE WAS '169 WOW 77 EXTRft FIRM QUEEN SET MATTRESS BOXSPRING, QUILT TOP, DELUXE '199..................... SAKT CHAIR BED-DENIM COVER OPENS TO SLEEP ONE PERSON WAS '139, WOW LOVE SEAT BED, DENIM COVER OPENS TO SLEEP TWO PEOPLE WAS '179 WOW BUNK BED 3" MAPLE COMPLETE WITH QUALITY BEMCO BEDDING WAS '239. 7O WOW 5 PC. MAPLE KITCHEN SET, ALL WOOD WAS NOW TOO CHAIRS. ROCKERS, RECLINERS BIG FAT PINE ROCKERS WAS !139 WOW RECLINERS, MEDIL WITH WOOD SIDES ARMS, VELVET FABRIC 6 TO SELL WAS '219. NOW ECLIPSE HI-RISER. HEAVY GUAGE STEEL FRAME, EXTRA FIRM INNERSPRINGJ BEDDiNG, WAS '229.........WOW DINING KITCHEN SETS Smart shirts for smart shoppers fag. each StylMi, comforttWt fltnntl. PIT- feet for knock-wound or dntw-up. GfMt iddHon to your Ml ward- BASSETT ALL WOOD 4 PC. SETS MODERN OR FRENCH WERE '449. WOW STANLEY, 5 PC. MEDIT. ANTIQUE WHITE VERY EXPENSIVE, ALL WOOD WAS '1150 C wow 7 J BASSETT 7 PC. DINING RM. SET IN WALNUT WAS'595...........NOW LANE ULTRA MODERN 9 PC. SET RETAILS FOR'1900...... SAlt ODD LIVING ROOM CHAIRS AND ROCKERS WERE '119 -TO S149 REDUCED TO 469 to'99 MISCELLANEOUS FURNITURE TALL CLOCK CURIO, EASY TO ASSEMBLE WAS SAlf GROSSINGER FAMOUS COFFEE BEAN LAMP, SELLS FOR '89 (1 PER SALf BED FRAMES 4 WHEELS, DELUXE RETAILS O FOR '19. v Mil I A 1000 HEADBOARDS, ALL SIZES SALE PRICED FROM H5 CARPET REMNANTS REDUCED LIVING ROOM TABLES by BASSETT, LANE, ROWE, SINGER, ETC. ALL REDUCED UP TO 50% Kodel'Polyesrer Your choice of bold, btiutiful col- ors. 2 styta: loop brick pattern iculpturtd. Botti with fringtd indf. Rtg. MacDADE BLVD. FAIRVIEWRD. .YN.PA. III 833-2300 UNION MIMMRS I GOV'T FAMILIES PLEASE SHOW 1.0. CARD TOM ADMITTED.