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Chester Times (Newspaper) - October 9, 1933, Chester, Pennsylvania EDITORIAL PAGE CHARLES R LONG Founded 1818 Editor and Publisher FIRST OF ALL THE HOME NEWS Published Dtlly Excepting Bunds TIMES BUILDING CHESTER PENNA 1825 But EUbtb Street Telephone Chester I 111 Branch Exchange Connecting All Departments Charles R Ixrae President and Treasurer J Borton Weeks Secretary Junes A Glcnney Managing Editor Samuel M Burlce Citv Editor Joseph A Trout Sports Editor Frederick R Lonir Advertising Manager Harry W Cullis Circulation Uanaxer Media BRANCH OFFICE 114 W Front 8t NEW YORK OFFICE 230 Park Avenue Story Flnley Inc CHICAGO OFFICE IS East Wscker Drive Story Brooka Flnle Inc CLEVELAND OFFICE 1SW Euclid Avenue Stor Brooks Flnley luc Mcnadnoclc Building SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE Story Brooks Ilnley Inc PHILADELPHIA OFFICE FidelityPnliadelphia Btorv Flnle Inc Entered u eecond class matter at the at Cheater under Act of March 1B79 TERMS OF a Tear 50 month prepaid 12 cents a week by carrier Times receJvea tha complete dally Jessed wire reports ol the United and International News Service world wide telegraph and cable newi MONDAY OCTOBER 9 1933 STATE PROHIBITION LAWS Nationwide prohibition seems certain in a few weeks to be pronounced a failure by an overwhelming majority of states and people Repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment by the Twentyfirst will leave unmodified whatever rum control laws exist in the various states Of these sixteen have prohibitory laws still un repealed while thirteen have prohibition still remaining in their constitutions even though some of them have voted for repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment In some of these states the prohibition sentiment has been strong for a iull genera tion and it is not yet apparent what their at titude will be towards their existing laws That they admjt nationwide prohibition to be a fail ure does not necessarily mean that they arc ready to abandon their attitude as states If their people have become decidedly antiprohi bition it will require two years in most cases to amend their state constitution It is not yet certain that states which have only statutory prohibition will repeal these statutes Chough probable that some at least will do so These are the facts as ascertained by careful investi gation The reason for the failure of nationwide prohibition is well set forth in the report of a commission sponsored and financed by John D Rockefeller Jr v The task was too complex and required too rapid a shift of custom and habit to succeed in a land as extensive as pop ulous and as heterogeneous as ours it said The reason is again pointed out in the state ment that even statewide prohibition depends for success entirely upon whether there is within the state as overwhelming majority in favor of this type of control There lies the difficulty There was tem porary sentiment enough just after the war to make possible adoption of the Eighteenth Amendment there was never sentiment in any part of the country strong enough to secure its enforcement There is little evidence that in any state an overwhelming majority was ever in favor of enforcing prohibition And the lesson that the past few years should have taught everybody even including the most fa natical drys is that no law that does1 not ex press the moral sentiment of the great major ity of citizens can be anything else than a dead letter In the last resort enforcement of any law depends on the verdict of a jury and juries in the mam represent the average citizens In some cases they may be a little below the aver age of their community in intelligence and ethics and in any case they cannot be expected to be much above Juries will not convict cases where the average citizen believes no crime has been committed How can one fail to see this after the perience of the past few years unless his is so obsessed by a theory that facts can no impression on him Any jform of liquor nol to be effective must have back of it imnal sentiment of the community Each vil now have the opportunity to discover makeeitO make its laws correspond THE in real ex mind make con the state what to an abundance of weird titles about the dreadful things that could happen to him and however much ho might doubt them he had no way of proving that they werent true but to go himself and find out All he could be sure of was that he would sail into an empty sea a sea that never had seen a sail before Columbus believed as the old Arabic writer says that the western sea has an end that on the side of the sunset there are coasts and islands and many different kinds of mines and also a mountain of precious stones But ho couldnt quite be sure and there must have been moments late at night when he hadonly stars and waves for company when he must have wondered if lie were not Bailing right out of the ordinary world into unimaginable and inescapable perils Those eerie words about the vapor darkness are more than an expressive phrase they tell what most men actually expected Columbus to find The earths history holds few stories more romantic than this one Columbus Once a year is not too often to reread it LET US KNOW ALL It needs to be emphasized again that the disclosures of the Senate banking committees investigation are important not so much because they occasionally re vea unethical actions by men in high positions but because they give us an insight into the way in which fortunes are piled up by men who give society very little in return for the money which society gives them Currently for instance we read of a banking house which organized an investment trust in 1021 obtaining for stock that Inter was valued on the Stock Exchange nt We road of a bankinghouse getting a 52000000 commission for selling 50000000 worth of stock of a firm buying investment trust stocks for 20 cents a share and selling them later on for These things of course happened in the easy money days It is important that we find out about them Not otherwise can we understand the true weakness of those much tnlkcdof boom times POPULAR FASCISM Those ultraradicals who have been insisting that the whole NRA program is a Fascist movement and that it is resulting in solidification of the peat capital ists control over the country ought to lake a glance or two at the sessions of the A F of L convention Here we find the American labor movement going forward as never before Its membership is at a new high peak its officers talk jubilantly of having 10 000000 names on the rolls within a year on every side there is ample proof that the workingman has bfcen given a great new charter of power and freedom and that he is preparing to use it to the very utmost A Fascist movement that begins by giving organ ized labor more strength than it ever dreamed of win ning by its own efforts verily is something new under the sun Glenn Frank Editorial THE REAL INFLATIONISTS We may he in for inflation 1 notl 1 doubt that inflation would prove more than a drug the dosage of which we would be tempted progressively to increase And the more we lean on inflation the loss likely wo are to labor for those basic economic readjustnients which nlone can restore and stabilize our national life Yet inflation looms ahead as a serious possibility Itbecomes important there fore to sec who and what forces are most responsible for the present manifest drift towards inflation Between now and the time Congress convenes we Khali see politicians incrcnsingly promoting inflation and business men increasingly protesting it And yet it inflation comes my guess is that business men will he more responsible than politicians for its coming Let me try to make clear why I suggest the seeming absurdity that the men most loudly protesting inflation may prove most responsible for its coming fhcvc are at the moment three practical possibili ties to which the nation might commit itself Those 1 The nation might renounce Koosevelt and all his works and dramatically demand a return to Coolideean and Hooyerian laisscz faire rn in a vast cooperation of employers and employes and to correct incidental aspects bvit carry to completion the intrinsic aim of the Roosevelt program agriculture and finance inflation rCSOrt t0 a shotintheaim wlve of NRA enthusiasm frnnl v f the first course f thn nm i faileThis it seems to me known SU1CK at even if nationally known names sponsor t The old laisscz faire is as o d pd some aspects of the Roosevelt program I hink it is batblind n its attitude towards foreign policy I think it is runnmj away from the obvious challenge to shnrfnnM Plcnty f01 human is proving wih the roM uV KUCmPt t0 scare t of VrJ i f I rS6 of priccs is ahead of the rise of purchasing power But these aspects of of i Ca colTectc1 if l11 the forcw of national business industrial financial atrri I think Mr Roosevelt will move heaven and earth doming avoid Cation un less the ers to join for the sympathetic reform of rather than reSStanC hc program MONDAY OCTOBER 9 1933 Chiel and His Notes By HENRY C VEDDER ln to the delight of scno r to be ft provcd by Christopher Columbus h mVf Arabic was the story C for the rufer of Turkey by at the dawn of the ixtoemh c A paragraph of this story as a reminder that the svholc the finest bits of courage The unknown Turkish CAMION COUNTYS PARK PLAN to i of mSSIon yesterday in taking stops to cx y under the i0 t it is full of the vapor of There is somehow a creepy quality tn n which helps us to understand just Lt an ur T and scary Job it wat that Columbus tScd The earth today offers no vovaee evori equal to it For there were no charts oi th then A resolute and fetch up anywhere from the Isles of the to the very jumpingofr place itself He didnt know and no one else knew There piomiFcs ai Bulletin provision of Evening One Minute Pulpit into thc hands thc Two things says President Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia Univer sity are included in the program of recovery Restoration of confidence and a balance between production and consumption The flrst seemed fully accomplished a few weeks ago The whole nation entered on the NRA campaign with enthusiasm if there were doubters they thought it best to keep silent Things were moving along like clockwork Then came a change the haggling over codes by the employing class and the calling of by the laboring class sabotaged thc machinery Con fidence sensibly declined We have not abandoned hope but we are less sure that everything Is to go through with a whoop We are certainly a mercurial people We too easily plunge from he heights of expectancy to thc depths of despair The pendulum swings too easily and too rapidly from one extreme to the other Alternate chills and fever seem to be normal with us We have plenty of ourage but not enough stability Just now many are in the chill stage We are just getting ready to make a stab at Dr Butlers second element of recoverya between pro duction and consumption The buy drive is on We have most of us pledged ourselves to do our part and it may be assumed that we made that pledge in good faith and will stand by it But just what is our part in this drive Evidently people cannot buy any more than they can more than their cash or credit will amount to and how much4that is how far it will go to make the desired balance of consumption and produc tion is just what nobody knows It is the very thing now to be demon strated It is conceded oa all hands that a considerable rise in prices will be in evitable It should be conceded that unless there is at the same time a corresponding rise in incomes the NRA campaign will fail The rise in incomes should be considerably more than the rise In prices for a merely corresponding rise would mean no relative change There are slight signs on the horizon of in creased incomes A few of the fac tory workers are obtaining reem ployment a few others are getting a small increase wages more nominal than real irvtaany instances and the vest of us find ourselves just Where we have been with prices ris ing to rise much more We are not complaining but where shall we get the wherewithal to buy more and bring about that much needed balance between production and consumption That is the problem that NRA must find some solution for if it is to suc ceed The vast exnendltures for pub lic works relief and other purposes of NRA are made with borrowed funds that must sometime be repaid by somebody somebody is al ways the ultimate he always pays the And ulti mate consumer means you and me NRA is laying up a fine burden of taxation for the future That is all right it is inevitable we do not com plain but we should be foolish not to be thinking about it and what it is going to mean in years to come We often talk glibly about the govern ment spending millions and billions we shall yet come to trillions realizing that it is our money that is being spent One other thing Dr Butler said that is worth some serious thinking The depression has been a world con dition and no one nation can wholly escape from it by itself There must be not only cooperation among our people but we must be ready to co operate with other nations to reach complete success We are right of course in attempting to set our own house in order first but we shall be wrong if we stop with that Charity begins at home but it doesnt end i it is real charity President Roosevelt also made a j notable address a few days ngo before the National Conference of Catholic Charities After paying a wellde served tribute to the charitable work of the Catholic Church through such agencies as the Society of St Vin cent dc Paul whose centenary was celebrated in connection with the con ference Mr Roosevelt went on to j say Though we have proceeded a i portion of the way the longer i harder part still lies ahead But he still proclaimed unconquerable faith in ultimate success We have ventured and we have won we shall venture farther and we shall win Not for a moment have I doubted i that we would climb out of the valley j or gloom Always have I been cer tain that we would conquer because the spirit of America springs from in the beloved instltu tions of our land and a true and I abiding faith in the divine guidance jof God Such inspiring words should rekindle faith In the minds of many who are faltering and load us as he said to redouble our efforts A fullpage advertisement in the ew York Times of last Thursday morning gave people of the Metropolis I a surprise if not a thrill It Was an I invitation by a wellestablished house j that deals ingroceries to send orders i for all sorts of alcoholic beverages mostly imported to be delivered it and when repeal comes Prices were moderate compared with those that been asked and obtained by city life bootleggers but did not include dvities and taxes which would increase them I considerably It was the first time since 1919 that any liquor advertisement has ap peared in an American newspaper and may be taken as a foretaste of what wjll soon be general The ad vertising of even such hypothetical sales is of doubtful legality but hi view of Mic approaching ratification of appeal no prosecution Is likely to be undertaken Washington Letter By RODNETt DUXCHER 45 per she Thats the opinion of one labor leader who has been in frequent Labr Praxes fabinet She the Why hC PCked 45 but anyway Madame Secretary certainly of when she spoke for nearly an hour She walked through the rows of m AS i of Martin Ryan A P of L treasurer like Equi poise following a dinosaur As she wared the speakers platform e warmly Andrew the 79yearold so many labor wars Madame Secretary patted his back affectionately Andy was so flabber gasted that he just blinked But when Miss Perkins spoke he was one of the most attentive listen ers leaning forward and puffing on 1rHi doctor has forbidden n i uspeak at the convention though he is full of speeches Mil And old Andy his cadaverous face almost as gray now as his hair was one of the first to rise in tribute when ad finished speaking n A K Of L which bitterly had opposed her appointment gave her an ovation of several minutes of handclapping fi The task of spending that three billions for public work seisms to move slowly Its no wonder More than 5500 proposals hav1 had to be examined and some of them were plenty dizzy There was the man who wanted to build a tower a mile high with an auto runway to the top No no no special reason Just so people could drive up and down again thus burning more gas wearing out their cars and increasing consumption in general t wanted to use a good part three billions to build a rocket smp tnac would reach the moon Another engineer proposed to build highspeed transportation belts from New York to San Francisco that travelers could step on and off Just like an escalator A town of 4000 wanted to build a maternity hospital that would take core of 1000 births a year and another town wanted to build a self liquidating one in which the prisoners would be asked to pay rent and be evicted if they didnt All that stuff has to be waded through But Secretary Harold L Ickes is determined that every allot ment be made public We invite inspection of every item he says Twelve housing projects already have been approved lcrybody at the White House the day the President addressed the American Legion at Chicago The whole house was silent except for the loudspeakers Nearly 8000 men many who had waited all night crowded about the Navy Yard here the other day to be put on the waiting lists for 500 jobs that dont yet exist but may crop up soon The NRA is cutting down its headquarters staff it reached a peak of 1161 but now is down to about 900 Winter outfits for the C C G foresters will be gay with red green and blue jackets The A P of L is going to back labor education stronger than ever before These new opportunities call up new responsibilities President Green told the Workers Education Bureau which has an exhibit at the A F of L convention Aspirants for jobs as Department of Justice agents no longer have to answer so many em barrassing questions about their per sonal attitude towavd liquor They used to be put over the hurdles on their personal habits in a big way back in the days when prohibition rode a little more solidly in the saddle GETTING IN UNDER THE WIRE IT5 BOTH PATRIOTIC AND Poets Conner THE TRUE MARTYR WHAT DO YOU WANT TO KNOW By FREDERIC J HASKIN Director of the Chester Times Information Bureau at Washington D C CAPITAL FLIGHT AND GERMAN BLOCKED MARKS WASHINGTON D there is an em bargo on gold and a prohibition against domestic hoard ing of gold so far there has been no absolute bar to the export from the United States of other forms of money or of credits Washington officials and American bankers already liave become aware of a definite flight of capital from the country This has been stimulated by the uncertainties of the currency situation here There is no immediate likelihood of a substantial in flation of currency and therefore no fear of a sharp depreciation in the domestic purchasing power of the dollar Nevertheless so timid is capital that much of it is being sent out of the country some for investment abroad some merely for deposit abroad Whispers of a capital levy impending have served to stimulate the export of Intangible wealth from the United States too One reason that the dollar has depreciated so far in the foreign exchanges even though it has not depre ciated at home is this export ot wealth A richAmer ican will instruct his banker to arrange for him a trans fer of credit to England Switzerland or perhaps a Scandmavain or South American country This is done and creates a foreign withdrawal The dollar has been kept strong because of the flow of payments here on account of trade balances due and interest payments on mdeotedness held in this country This process of the flight of capital creates a counter movement It is not yet strong enough to threaten the domestic position of the monetary unit but might become so if the prac tice were long continued Germany experienced the same sort of thing and acted to prevent it on various occasions The system now m use is the system of the blocked mark It pro vides that Germans can not export their capital except for imDorts aad that even Americans or The martyr worthiest of the bleed ing name Is he whose life a bloodless part fulfills I Whom racks nor tortures tear nor I poniard kills I Nor heat of bigots sacrificial flame But whose great soul can to herself proclaim The fullness of the everlasting ills With which all pained Creation writhes and thrills And yet pursue unblonched her sol emn aim Who works allknowing works fu tility Creates allconscious of ubiquitous death And hopes believes adores while Destiny Points from lifes steep to all her graves beneath Whose Thought mid scorching woes in found Perfect amid the flames like Cran mers heart have occurred in European countries in the past and ara sure to again For this reason dealers will sometimes buy any equity a foreigner has in money blocked in Germany That is he will pay you something for your interest and then wait for his money The whole account must be as signed to him Some of the categories of blocked marts are selling at a discount of 30 per cent some at 45 and seme at a discount as high as 50 per cent Also scrip has been issued against blocked marks and cm ployed in other countries the blocked marts constituting a sort of reserve against the scrip It is good enough but no one can say when it will be released Should the flight of capital from the United States become senous the Government could take similar measures There is not a great deal of foreign money here but its departure could be restricted and aso the departure of wealth owned by Americans themselves Financiers are ingenious and even in wartime they nnd means of circumventing restrictions and spiriting money away through neutrals The main flood can ba stopped as it has been in Germany If any American has money in one of these blocked categories in Germany he can give an assignment to some creditor but an offer of payment in this form to tne butcher or the landlord probably would be coolly ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Q What is meant by a key position In the got j crnment Z A Benerally refers to a position where the in cumbent may have the deciding on definite policies Q What size are the largest and smallest pipes in j the in thc RKO Roxy Theatre in Radio City lafsest Pipe measures 16 feet in length and is 15 fe inches square weighing approximately 300 pounds In contrastto this is thespeaking length of the small locf isonly threefourths of an inch and ot a wisp of straw and weighs half an These consist of old credits money belonging to Ger mans who left Germany prior to August 3 1931 Then Q How many factories are there that can rattle there are the effektensperrmark Marks in this cate snake E Y ere W but one such factory It is in Florida Flapper Faeey Says the 1 A girt with an iron constitution often has to prove her metUe up call up break up clean up Q How many railroad stations arc there in the United C H A There about 150000 r v wv fjj lllCLilo outside Germany of securities If an American for ex ample owned German bonds or stock in some German I industrial company and sold them on the German Q What makes sugar A StStS to Ulc seller5 Notensperrmark consist of money deposits made in j as sucrose and is the sperrmark consist of monies paid by Germans to settle IC 6 debts to foreigners These too must remain within the Q What preposition in the English laniruaceis Reich Registermark designates the sums arising from used most McL tngusn language the settlement of credit accounts other than securities 1 A Up is said to be the most frequently used leal estate or other tangible property Such sums must in the English language and certain be deposited in the Reichsbank without interest tnentators call attention to the flct that it 5 Finally there are Konversionspcrrmark This class superfluouslyas it were in such expreSions to do with interest due and paid on long term expressions foreign obligations Partof such sums may be paid in foreign exchange that is actually paid outside the country but part must remain in Germany to the cred itors account Germany has not confiscated these funds but has gone as far as possiblein sequestering them It is not denied that the money belongs to the reat foreign own ers but so complete is the control of affairs there that the authorities have determined that nothing in the way of intangible wealth may leave the country without express authority The United States Great Britain France and other countries have all carried on campaigns urging their citizens to buy homeproduced products Germany has carried the idea a step farther and insisted to a limited extent that foreigners buy in Germany too If you are an American or a Frenchman or a Fata gonian and own some of these blocked marks you can spend them but only in Germany For example money has accrued to you from a German transaction and now is hold to your account in the Registermark category in the Reichsbank you can buy a bill of goods in Germany and arrange to have the goods exported All the taxes accruing would have to be paid but ulti mately the goods could reach the foreigner They would bear the made in Germany mark and would of course have to pay the import duty of whatever country they entered By the time the German and the domestic taxes were shaved ofl in al probability there would not be a very large equity left Germany would have realized the full benefit from the blocked funds Again if an American oother foreigner wanted to go to Germany as a tourist or on a business trip and owned title to funds which had been paid to his account in Germany but were Impounded in one of these blocked categories he could arrange to take up his money after he had reached Germany and could spend the money there This would save him the necessity of bringing any fresh money into the country but it would also insure to Germans that any funds would be ex pended there In other countries there has sprung up a certain amount of trading In these equities There Is a possl muty that at some time the blocking restrictions will be removed This might come about through a change in political administration Such a change does not nminent because the Hitler regime is intrenched a legislated dictatorship However quick changes Q Where is thc Department of the Navy Building S A The Department is housed In the Navy Build Ing on Constitution avenue at Eighteenth street Wash ington D C Q Isnt there a new organization called thc Order of the First Families of N A While it does not appear in lists of organizations we are informed that this order was established about 1929 Membership is by invitation but a person In order to be eligible must be descended from a Virginian who arrived there between 1607 and 1620 Q In the Louisiana Lottery was there a single of more than W F A The flrst capital Q Will Metropolitan Opera performances be broad next H A Deems Taylor says that they probably will ba The first opera to be broadcast has not been announced and will not be until about ten days before the Metro politan opens Q What is the highest mountain in GreM Britain D A It is Ben Nevis in Invernessshire Scotland has a height of 4406 feet ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS By FREDERIC J HASKIN Stop minute and thlnJc this fact You can MX our Information any question of fact and set the answer back inn ccrsonal letter It is a Kreat educa tions Idea Introduced into the lives of thc most Intelli gent people In the newspaper readers It Is R part of that best purpose of a newspaper service There is ntf charge except three cents In coin or stamps for return postageGet thc habit of asking questions Address vour Setter to the Chester Times Information Bureau Frederic J Haskin Director WffshlnRton D C Do not send letters to the Chester Times Office In Chester 3 I j P i1 V
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