Friday, October 27, 1944

Bradford Era

Location: Bradford, Pennsylvania

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Bradford Era (Newspaper) - October 27, 1944, Bradford, Pennsylvania partly flooey and quite cold. on LOJt Page! era Oldest Newspaper In tbs Rich Bradford OO Field Published fiver; .Morning F.xeept Sunday The Newspapei That’s ileal In the Home (ESTABLISHED 1877) BRADFORD, PA.. FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 27, 1944. (FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICES) PRICE FOUR CENTS Losses in Three Battles Mount; 30 Sunk or Damaged (S. Carrier    Pr Lost in Philippine lint th MB*™ DI RINO T 1IE SEA-AIR ATTAC K engagement between American jbJ japanese forces in the waters about the Philippines, the light iPcraft carrier Princeton (above) was lost, bringing to seven the jgntMT of L S. carriers loot. Land-based Jap planes attacked her and left her badly crippled. Her magazines exploded and she had to be sunk by American ships The vessel’s capUin and 1.360 of her officers and men were rescued. Official I, S. Navy photo. (International) Soviets Sweep Down From Carpathian Heights Overrun Two-Thirds of Riithenia. Hungarian Annexed Czech Province; Report on Attack In East Prussia, Northern Norway, Hungary London, Sept. 26.—(AP)—Russian troops, sweeping toro out of the Carpathian mountains in an offensive which has overrun two-thirds of Ruthenia, today captured jfonkacevo, chief communications center of the Hungarian-anexed Czechoslovakian province, Premier-Marshal Stalin enounced tonight in an order of the day. ——-—-1    2 Armies Near Janet Ion Ooh Gen. Ivan Petrov’s Fourth FRI Afctpr    Ukraine army punched ahead 16 Ii lls I til    miles In taking Munkacevo < NC un it aes* and reached a point only 38 TV TI„ * ^f miles from a Junction with Marshal [/ICS at Home OI Rodion V. Malinovsky*s Second Ukraine army units pushing up J apt So Solly; Make Error; Only 62 V. S. Ships (Not 78) Sunk i By The Associated Press) The Japanese today reduced their claims of American losses in the naval battle of the Philippines. saying they totalled 62 ships. Yesterday they claimed 78 ships. An Imperial Headquarters compilation broadcast by I>ocnei News Agency and picked up by .he Federal Communications Commission claimed the sinking of 28 ships, including two ear* riers, three cruisers, one destroyer, five transports and 17 large landing craft. The report asserted 34 other vessels were set afire, damaged vc beached. Jap Cruiser Damaged bv C    J LLS. Bombers I ndated Naval Boxscore (By the Associated Press) Japanese naval losses in the three sea-air actions in Philippine waters, as compiled from American communiques and a first-hand account of one of the fights, are as follows: Probably Sunk Sunk Damaged Total Carriers ........ 2 I 0 3 Battleships ..... 2 2 6 IO Cruisers ........ 5 0 4 9 I>estroyers...... 3 0 lx 4 Total ......12 3 ll 26 x—Several destroyers damaged in one of the actions cannot be included in the total since the exact number was not specified in the communique. Heart Ailment journal Oil Executive Had Been in III Health Three Weeks; Was 69 Binds Richardson Forster, 69. a penner.t resident of this comboy tor the put 47 years, died jwertzy iftemoon at 4 o’clock a: kl bone. 54 Walker avenue. Death wi caused from coronary throm-kri He had beal in 111 health for fie pts three weeks. Hr taster was born In Renova. * « Ani. 7. 1875, the son of Hr md Mrs. William Lewis Forster. H* reared his elementary educator a Renova and Westfield. N. Y„ *** Graduated from Cornell Itowmy and the Rochester Bu&i- 301 “fcooL Rochester, N. Y. A w- known figure in the oil in-* K? * to. Paster was an execu-if the Journal Oil company of ■JJM at the time of his death. JE taster was a member of the •tad club, the Pennhills club, •I tad!Ord Lodge, No. 749. F. Sc He attended the Church of )» Asce^ of this city. Mrs Loretta Hanley 2**"     ldm    111    death in •• one dAU « ht «r, Ode H. Dom, and one grand-jJVJ*** Boater Dom, both oi formerly of San Antonio, ^ fieveral nieces and nephews hoers! | through northeastern Hungary in an effort to trap large numbers of I the enemy. I In East Prussia, northern Norway, and at 8solnok, only 50 miles southeast of Budapest, Hungarian capital, other Russian forces were reported attacking. Reflecting the seriousness with which Berlin views the steady Russian gains, the Germans announced that Col. Gen Heins Guderlan. chief of the general staff, had been entrusted with supreme command on the eastern front. A Stockholm dispatch said that the crippled German battleship Tirpitz had been moved from its anchorage at Altenfjord because of the Russian advance and taken temporary refuge near Tromso. nearly IOO miles farther down the Norwegian coast. FDR Carries His Drive to Philadelphia Leyte Invasion Forcer* Forge Soliil 40-Mile Fast Coast Front by Overrunning 15 Towns (By the Associated Prest) General Mac Arthur’s Headquarters. Philippines, Friday. Od. YI —UP) -Fighter-covered Liberator bombers expanded Japan's greatest naval disaster by damaging a light cruiser In the Mindanao sea as forces on Leyte forged a solid 40 British T roops By-Pass Stronghold of Tilburg Complete Total Expected To Exceed Jap Disaster Off Guadalcanal in 1942 Incomplete Returns List 2 Jap Carriers, Two Battleships. Five Cruisers, ami Three Destroyers Sunk; Carrier, Two Battleships Probably Sunk; 12 Others Damaged U. S. Pacific Fleet Headquarters, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 26 — (AP)—More than 30 Japanese warships were sunk or doomed to idleness in repair yards in the three fleet battles off the Philippines which saved Gen. Douglas MacArthur^ invasion armies. Tonight there was every indication that when the complete total is known it will exceed Nippon’s previous greatest naval disaster off Guadalcanal in November, 1942, when 35 ships were sunk or damaged. Minimum at 27    r --- Threaten to Encircle Cliv on Left Flank of rn Blazing 15-Mile Battlefront; Fresh Landings tin South Beveland Inlands by Canadians Communiques of MacArthur and ! Adm. Chester W. Nimitx, plus a field dispatch from Rear Adm. Daniel Barboy, placed the minimum enemy losses at 27. These admittedly incomplete returns listed 12 warships sunk (two —...........-    '    I carriers, two battleships, five crals- British troops in a lightning en. end three destroyers); three London, Nov. 26.— (AP) STS stab through wobbling German defenses by passed the SZSwTI**    !*i Widespread Air Attacks Made In Pacific Area probably sunk (a carrier and two a solid so—    battleships),    a,.*. —    — mile east coast front overrunning cnem y Stronghold of Tilburg in southern Holland today, battleships, five cruisers and one 30 Ii more towns, headquarters an- threatening to encircle the City on the left flank Of a blaz- strayer)    herond "ounc^.^y. ___    mg    15-mile    battlefront,    while    the    German    radio    reported    Ti ' frasl landings by Canadian forces on South Beveland r^ca^tu^tkm of result batties near in the Schelde estuary northwest of Antwerp. I across th# Tilburg-B  - The cruiser i tut in Una area through which ana af taro lib illy istafc whipped enemy wunMp groups Oaf t ______    j after being tuffMW TDHHT fhnrt of _ *    penetrating to the Leyte shore Talks at 9 to 9:30 p.m. t*»chh«uls. Over CBS and Mutual 'n* Mindanao «» w tnnmd #    *    _    by the southern half of a naval tonight; Speak?* rrom squeeze the Japanese unsuccessfully Chicago Tomorrow Dr. Temple. Archbishop of Canterbury. Dies London. Oct. 26 —<A*>—Dr. William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury* | and primate of all England, a friend of labor whose liberal views frequently made him a center of controversy, died today two and a half years after his enthronement. The 63-year-old archbishop, who was Archbishop of York, second highest dlgnatary in the Church of By WILLIAM T. TE ACOCK Associated Prtm buff Writer President Roosevelt swings today into intensive home stretch campaigning expected to keep him on the road much of the time from now* unUl the voters choose between him and Gov. Thomas E. Dewey IO days hence. Tonight he speaks in Shibe Baseball Park. Philadelphia, the address will be heard from 9 to 9:20 p. m. Eastern War Time, over CBS and Mutual. From Philadelphia, the President will travel a road Dewey already has paced to Chicago and address a rally at Soldier Field tomorrow night. His campaign plans after that have not been disclosed but he is expected to visit Boston, possibly Cleveland, and is down for an elec- Uon eve speech at Poughkeepsie N. Y. As the President made ready for his trip, he was praised in a statement by Secretary of State Hull as a “statesman equipped by nature Hertogenbosch highway and railroad. armored vanguards of LL Gen. Sir Miles C. Dempsey’s Second British army reached the town rf Uden-bout. four miles north of Tilburg, ss other British units slashed into strove to clamp on Leyte. The sea the eastern outskirts of the strongly -leads into Surigao strait.    fortified town. The 40-mile Juncture was achieved Vught, a mile south of *8 Herto-. by the loth and 24th Army corps, genboach. fell at mid-day after a Towns taken included bypassed savage fight between British in-Buri, whose airfield was seised' fan try and German parachute wU1 ** 1161(1 Sat * England, from 1929 until 1942, suf- * nwmtog at 11:30 o’clock from fered a heart attack in his hotel *    54    Walk**-    ..._____.______ ____ (Continued on Page FourJ *    ■ ^ Walker avenue. The a*’J?? ®* Steer. sr„ pastor of (guj. UTCil 01 toe Ascension, will Ital Int6rment will be in the **-• V Y. cemetery . I, ^ wraagemcnts are under either, and the inland highway Junction of Tabontabon, both in the southern sector. The junction was established on the eastern coast of Leyte, south of Tanoan. 40 Miles Ender Control “We now control the coastal sector of Leyte from the northern end of San Juanko strait to Dulag, a distance of 40 miles,” said MacArthur. Elements of the First Cavalry division, which seised the southern shores of Samar island, across the strait, repulsed a small enemy counterattack at I apa* In the central section of the battlefront, west of Palo, the 24th division is meeting increasing opposition. Farther south, in the 24th corps area sector, the 96th division raptured Tabontabon That inland highway junction town is three and a half miles west of the Catmon hills, which wrre enveloped earlier. Buri Captured After sharp fighting the 7th division captured Buri, on the troops. Three-fourths of *8 Herto-gen bosch was In Allied hands at nightfall of the third day of house-to-house fighting. Field Marshal Walter von Model's army was report: d in a critical plight and IU attempt to escape northward eastern across the Mass Rhine was gravely jeopardised. The Naris already had pulled their administrative personnel out of both Tilburg and Breda, 12 miles to the west, and a British staff officer declared that the Tilburg garrison would have to move quickly to avoid entrapment. Breda was the last strong point that might shield a general enemy withdrawal across the Meas and Waal Rhine t,«e Lsyu invade*, st enc 4m third was fought south of Formosa— given war correspondent today by Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkald of the Seventh fleet. Kir.kald's generalization made ll impossible, however, to give the exact total 19 In Twa Battles For the two batiks fought off the Philippines, communiques of MacArthur and Ninths listed the knockout of 19 enemy warships. Kinkald at Leyte told Dean Sched-Imucrial Navy Remains tori Associated Press war correspondent, that the Japanese sent 14 Japs Believed To Have 175 Warships Left Factor Despite Loss Of 26 Capital VcMfk Washington Oct. 26 F—The Jsp-anese Navy certainly Is Umping after Its disastrous defeat In Philippine waters, but it still remains a factor In future operations near Japan. Despite the heavy damage shown to 16 warships through Surigao straits into one battle and only six —a cruiser and five destroyers— “were left to flee westward.'* The admiral said between 25 and 30 enemy vessels were sent down for battle off Samar island and -only 14 of thege ships were able to retire." Kinkaid’s recapitulation would rn: an minimum Japanese losses of In initial reports from the battle.,    ^    ., K coeaamUw    tonight    a—    I»    —*■"» *■» » that probably as many ss 175 Japan ese warships remain in fighting condition. This is based upon reports that Nipponese naval strength before the rivers into central Holland. TI* Gorman (toto command, to Japaw '*' n *« t d ired "O'* inl01 reporting a new Canadian landing on 8outh Beveland Island on the north side of the Schelde estuary*, said "counter-measures” were in progress. The Germans, fighting wRh the (Continued on Page Four) Bom* the J. A. Still Pun- banish Republican 0 lect at I oulnusc, 11411 Franco Downfall London. ^PQhi; Oct. 26. —(jp— Spanish suite at Westgate-on-the-Sea, near rn •    I    ,    a    mmjT    I    V*)AUiCO    Olin, UU Ult- - rn . nu A n a    I of Tout!”     r r Police Chief w ains ^.0^ ™ui. bur $94,698.01 Raised auricxu 01    „    been bypassed earlier, as the dough-     7 I Dr. Temple was enthroned as 98th Archbishop of Canterbury Apr. 23, 1942, succeeding Dr. Cosmo Gordon Lang, then 78, who retired to make I way for a younger man. The son of a former Archbishop I of Canterbury—the only son of an Archbishop of Canterbury ever to hold the position Temple was among England’s most popular churchmen. School Patrol Boys    For    War    Chest; Must Be Obeyed air purity astart Allied §6.801.93 Needed 11 nom cr in Rah IVdrn hoar and » 7 Bradford police have received several complaints this week of himself Dr. motorists disobeying stop orders of casualties and damage, the com- shipplng in San Pedro baw and the beachhead areas of eastern Leyte again was limited to intermittent harassing raids. TI lese caused light iii#**-    MjMUUftli ^ con ‘Cr Nov. 2-4 in city of Toulouse, only 240,000 Planes, 70,000 the Safety School Patrol lads. The complaints state that the motorists have driven through the “flag” lines formed by the patrol boys to allow school children the * "SlT—■- the -. 8panish frontier, Tanks Produced in U.S. right of way to cross streets safely f^ rh upon ti** best methods "^irtog Generaliss.rno Pran- reglm6 * Re ' 1 “Quarters here said A Ha.    disclosed ^7? since toe ^aco-t «omjer a p iiSif) Washington, Oct. 26.—(AV-American factories have turned out 240,-000 airplanes and 70.000 tanks since the beginning of the war produc-disclosed that tlon program, WPB Chairman J. A. out- Krug announced at a news conf cr- fku.„t_u C ^ athc& ^nn* the ence today. frontier    a Paris He said the plane producaon in- ; stated. Persons listed as violators ^ the cW* iance Libre, has    eluded 25,000 four-engine bombers,    will be issued summons and brought ens6 01 the Franco regime. He disclosed that production of into police court for a hearing. the Boeing Superfortress (B-29) sun is lagging, but said that recent    pi .e    Aimearaiice changes iiave improved production    riaUOrm Ap|M*aranc t* Chief Edward Edmonds stated last night that he has been given several license numbers of motorists who raced through the ’ flag lines endangering the lives of not only' the patrol boys but also the youngsters crossing the streets. This practice must stop, the police chief T. L McDowell and Hugh A. Grant, chairman and vice chairman of the Community-War Chest campaign, announced last night that an additional $900.60 has been received making the total amount. $94.698 07 w*lth a balance of $6,801.93 still to be raised. The campaign is continuing and all divisions are asked to continue fc Bu i rg ^* Meredith ay Eri *‘<‘ Pvle Role Bo.: ■’’Vooc!, i p—Capt. f im r> ’ aced on an *er., W iiJ v .    ' lJle War Depart- ^     :he    ro! * 01 ^ie ^^vspaper colunmis * Joe." and that manufacturers now are Bv FOK at Clarksburg optimistic of meeting future schedules. entered Private. 4,000 NI’RSES NEEDED Washington. Oct. 26 (A*) — The in the Navy reported tonight that 4,000 | nurses are needed “urgently* by the Army in June 30, 1945. to keep pace with j the still expanding Navy. Charleston, W. Va., Oct. 26— JP) President Roosevelt will make a brief platform appearance at Clarks- munique said. Antiaircraft fire shot down 39 enemy planes, fighter patrols downed 14 more and carrier aircraft from flattops in Leyte gulf got 23. Jap Ships Attacked Remnants of the Japanese naval force defeated in Leyte gulf by Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkald s Seventh fleet were kept under con- seeing that they are immediately tinual attack by Allied aircraft. returned to Campaign Headquarters, Thirteen additional communities 15 0 Main street, as quickly as pos-were freed from the enemy.    stole. The campaign la not officially The northern coast of Leyte was clewed and will not be closed until secured by ampliibious forces which toe goal has been reached, vaulted around 20 miles of shoreline     -............................................ in a surprise move that virtually Y* . Shorten* W ir blocked the Japanese retreat north- *or> SnOnPn. W ar, ward from Tacloban. This operation, Declare* Rillkuid reported by Mac Arthur’s Thursday    - communique, was matched by inland advances in the southern sector, where the capture of Bur a urn the Philippines included some 200 ships of all types exclusive of submarines and a number of merchant vessels converted for use as aircraft carriers. In the mighty battle fought over the Philippines area—freon which reports still are fragmentary — at leas: 26 Japanese ships were put out of action, either sunk or damaged. Subtracting the reported sinkings, or probable sinkings, of four battleships, three aircraft carriers and five cruisers freon best available estimates of Japanese strength a week ago, the enemy probably has this fleet left: Battleships—Blx to eight. Carriers—Seven to nine. Cruisers—25 to 30. Destroyers and destroyer escorts— 120 to 140. These figures do not include the Japanese submarine fleet which totaled 78 craft at the beginning of the war and undetermined numbers constructed since then which may offset losses totaling 18. an unspecified number of the fleeing ships damaged and subject to continuing air attacks. All figures were ten tau va, not tsking into acoount several destroyers known to have been sunk but not totalled. Cruiser Damaged MacArthur added the official communique total by reporting today a light cruiser was damaged by fighter-escorted Liberators in the Mindanao sea. the direction which would be taken by the Japanese fleet which had moved to battle through Surigao straita U. S. Planes in Raids On Kurile?s Mananas, Marshalls and ^ ap ^ U. 9 Pacific Fleet Headquarters, ! Pear! Harbor. *Oct. 29-44*)—American air raids against the Hurtles, to the north of Japan, Yap in the Western Carolines. Japanese holdings in the northern Martinas and in the bypassed Marshalls were reported today In a communique. Army Air Force Mitchell and Liberators and Navy Liberators and Venturas attacked Paramushiro, Matsuwa. Shumushu and Onnekoian Islands in the Hurtles Monday and Tuc -day A 6.000-ton cargo ship was set afire south of Paramushiro Marine Corsairs and Army Liberators bomb'd and strafed Yap Saturday. Sunday and Monday A Corsair was lost to Intense anti-aircraft fire Monday. Liberators dropped 58 tons of bombs on I wo Jims in the Volesno Islands Tuesday. Th^ee enemy , fighters intercepted but caused no 1 damage to the raiders. Corsairs destroyed truck and barges in the northern Palau Is-; lands. ! Dauntless dive bombers and Cor-j sair fighters attacked Jalult in the Marshalls Sunday with 36 tons of explosives. OPA \oIunteer ^ orkers on Las Rationing Praised The local OPA announced last night that 5,623 applications toe “A" Both enemy battleships went down gasoline rations had been received their efforts to complete the cards    -— which they have In their possession, Irk*** Invite Proposals From Oil Industry On An<rlo, U. S. Part Leyte. Philadelphia. Friday, Oct. 27—(A*)—Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kin-kaid, whose American Seventh Fleet apparently boxed tile Japanese in routed a section of the Japanese Im-the broad Leyte valley.    perial Navy. today termed the action Kinkald s Seventh fleet had * a complete naval victory of great smashed the first and possibly last, importance ” Washington. Oct. 26—A*)—Petroleum Administrator Ickes today asked the Industry to provide specific suggestions on how the proposed Anglo-American World oil agreement can be improved. Asserting there had been concerted criticisms raised by the industry" of the agreement, which must off the Philippines. MacArthur reported the sinking of am . John Leonard. Reuter s naval correspondent aboard Rear Adm. Barbey’s flagship in Leyte gulf reported the other. Nimitz, in a traditional “Well done” message to the fleet, expressed his pride and gratitude for ’ the courageous and aggressive manner in which they have done their utmost to destroy the enemy in recent fighting in the Pacific.” 2 IL 8. Carriers Lost Although the American commanders reported only the lose of two carriers and damage to several escort carriers and destroyers, the Japanese continued to claim a sizeable victory. The American communiques and reports of wax correspondents on the spot also made clear what the Japanese navy tried and failed to do. It was forced to come out because of the American landings on Leyte island in the central Philippines eight days ago. One Nipponese fleet unit of two battleships, two cruisers and four destroyers, presumably from the China sea. headed northeastward for the southern tip of Leyte island. and processed during the special filing period which ended Wednesday evening. Applications which are now being filed will not be completed until after November 15. The processing of the applications, completed within the short time, was made possible only by the volunteer services of the following people, the OPA said:    Mr* Courtney Mc Dowell. Mrs. Richard Brown, Miss Joan Wilson, Mrs. Ann Scroxton, Miss Connie Moran, Miss Rose Ann Maitland, Mrs. Helen Thompson, Mrs. Elizabeth Merry. Miss Helen Beth Orange. Mbs Julia Ann Johnson, Miss Revs Abernathy. Mrs. Lorayne Brenner, Miss Georgieanne Powers, Mrs. Ruth J. Capps. Mrs. Hoyt Meredith, Miss Helen Boyer, Mrs. Benjamin Garvin, Benjamin Garvin, Miss Ann Black, Miss Carrie Bufgland. Miss Mary Alice Onofrio, Stan Keesler. and William Tailer. be ratified by the Senate. Ickes in-' * second force of four battle-vited the Petroleum Industry War toipa, IO cruiser* and 13 destroyers Council to present definite pro- came out of the central Philippines pedals.    and    headed    for the northern end REUSES TO DISMISS SLIT Pittsburgh, Oct. 26 (4’—Federal Judge Nelson McViear today refused to dismiss a suit filed in behalf of 1,400 shipbuilding employes of the Bin a -Knox Co , seeking an accounting of $80,000 in union dues and assesments allegedly paid to an AFL-P1 umbers and Steamfitters union. The council, representing the oil Of L*yte. They planned to converge KOBERT PITTERSON. 95 Sharon. Pa . Oct. 26.—^ -One burg shortly after noon Sunday on his way from Chicago to Washing-    ,    ,-----——    .    -    ------» —,------ -—    -,    -    ,       ,    —    « v .— f — V _, 41W ton Democratic National Commit- ma J° r attempt by the Japanese; ‘«i t brought us that much closer and gasoline companies works dir- ° n tile eastern side of the island of Mercer county’s* oldest residents treman Arthur B Koontz annotine- "W t0 turn toe tide of American to the end of the war,” he told news I cd tonight.    J    reconquest.     lmen> ectly with the go\ < ?mmem In meeting wartime petroleum needs. (Continued on Page FourteenJ Robert Patterson. 95, died yesterday at his home in Fairview'township.