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The Blairsville Press (Newspaper) - January 15, 1869, Blairsville, Pennsylvania VOLUME 111. PA., JANUARY 15, 1889. NUMBER 2. diii PUBLISHED' EVER Ksiriu-i Sli-c 1SLAIHSVIU.B, TKMAN-A 3 PKIDAY, t, COUSTY, jTA. KtlUor OC) i'cr AIJ-JMW i'ayixblc iu Advance. All kinJe of Job Work noaiiy 'exoontoil the Stuncst i'osiiblo Notice, lit thu tollovfing ASS waitrr'e Notice ..diiiriintr.-.'.ors' and Koticec, .ioau Notices, each................................. siiniiro............-.1 and SirnYf, far siiHiire, three Humlbilki, S slisot, 30 or i ahcot, SO or i iLuet, SO or whole sheet, SO or ,0vcr SO of otvoh o( tha nbove, iu proportion. Curds and paper, one Notices', per lino, first it-'t-crliwrij....... euba'oquL'Tit OV.tuTiry 5 per line, 00 2 01) 3 00 X 90 4 00 80 8 00 1 10 10' Al'ACIA h..ir Jluil, in imiol-iin t j '-ll No. Bliursvillc, on n or U-foru tie th, at 71-4 tilt Vi'.-. M.'. I. i the V., emeu m listlr jTuIl, in (U'sL und tLird -.ThuKiihiy'i! of Y.7 oY.ocIc, p. in. J. H. C. T. WH.HV. ?o.-'y. _-'j____jj. _ .LTiTw ITopwifljKo. I. c- i'.f lUQtita in thyir I'-.ery Vrilnv evening, .Y'.tfok. JOHK Q. I A'SO, N.. 9.. PA: Miincfsr'.iiroiv of Monu- Top.H, for iiuta, dellvu'fc'J i" part .of. .ius obargo. j'ALMEH A: K.UNYAN. T ATX1JV-5H M Jj >K WC'RKB, 1A- PH.. -Tlio 'uinier- in Voreign MarMc, n-j unil inskc MunuuiMjirii, Tftiuli and ;i.'a.d also Curuur i'oiitt> for' JlnrkingLutd, Jlnvinj: sulcrycd our ana and hav- iiif experienced ci'iiiidtnt taut din suit ihv of uil, knd at pj'iws lo a cjtic-n, do not at- tend nnyiind of school. Over twenty 'thousand of this class are found in Phlla- delphi.vand the number in the State IB 'estimated be not less than eererity- Thesochil.dnmgrowupin frequently without employ- ment, and many of ihem contract hab- itaof vies, which eventually cause them to bo' committed to houses of county prisons or 'penitentiaries. Hu- manity and Bound public policy, demand that something bo done to remedy thia growing'evll, and also that of the neg- lected condition, consiUWabte num- ber8of Children in thB.ahne and poor houses in m tiny .of the counties. Four Normal Schools now rocog- niEod'as State institutions: The- bcr of Students attending thorn during tho-past of graduated, additional Normal ehoo'ls tairprobiibly' go into'operation during this located'at Bloornfe- burg, .Columbia and the. other Washington county. The yaliie of institutiOQB to tlie' cons- has now been removed. The people, through.theirLogislature, this iiistltiitibh 'the interest tiprtu a, fund of (itiveite'a States and Pennsylvania-.State nix per cent, payable to. it aenH-nw.nual-- Jy. year thin interwai amounted to 78. 3'he residue of the .fund, 40, hjis beesi approprifctwl, under the law, 'by tbe board 'of- trustees, to tlie purchase ef thyew-iuodtjl amd cxperiau'u- ewity, coiinty and iu Iiidi.'Uii county tor 50. Jiua :Jso the. fliculty and the coarae of Btudii.'e, so to ihem to tlta of ngriciil- turiil community. This new of things goes Into oporttlon at- the com- MieniHiinent of nesi.ttewjloiii, ami. it is crvTiicwtly hoped wiil be u, Th'eiio no proflaiijipa, or iu life, vrhcre of the Our schools werthless' qualified.: .teachers, end such .teftChere niost bo. obtained- Erorn the where the art-of made a speciality. A the presidents widotJier anUvwltiee of a iimnbtroi1- our principal- eoHegies held, in -HarriabM.rg last winter, the 'object bf which was tobt-itig cloiner imlon of ftll .onr connect byo bttnd of if not of -organic etructurej 4ho cso-mmori schools, highschcels, eoiiea uiid coUegcs. The ewtftblUUiment of BUclii hn fdiieatioiiftl department Boerua to be ttceirable. -There. -is no subject m.ore worthy the of tlie L'efeiBliifcure tUanthe promotion of the ffelffvrc ef our com- mon schools. They Immediately lie the characteristic feature of cur ctftl.syrteni; they foantaitis of that wide-Vpread IhtalUjjenca, whiehr like a perennial Titmlity, pervades aafcioa and nurseries of t Sf.iiig spirit .to which we are indebted for .the purity ittid prcecrvation of ojurft'ee irepubikan govetnmentr education te a bcsis pf power and publio proBr pctity, ..By H the.. are, tftiigntto lighte of sciuuqe, anil the. practical .plicntion of bo.th, are so potauiv for-proii- in tliesii- sdaptsiipa.to. purauits. And i'n" 'tHiiR.'truljy. pfacticftl it ia -well yorUiy the coa- -of. paren to, .wlieth ov they .Bfaoald not .avail lheuisol.vex.of tho-bone- of .tliiu institution, now eo generously eiido'fc-ed by the State. MILITARY. Froni the 'report of the Adjutant Gon- ywi will lettrti coiKtitton'of the :Milito.ry- Dwpartujeut. -Slie iaictivity in military affairs aftov the of hoetlitttis, aaxi ujwn the returti of peace, in a grout bes.ri and an active martial spirit now prevails thmnighoui more particularly in I'liiUdelplua, by a ie- D .J.-W. KC'GHKW.KH.ACTlCAt VHY- Bfairavillt, I1 it. Offici-. -tract, d-ior Everoit HuMe. Will ct- in Intiinua and counties. JSKH-CItA'JTT T 'B'ir.ii J-vii'U, -I'- i'.'.'r ir. Ai1. Ch n stJ'lrH, s'biir j. KIJKAK. I w.-iVjCKBOX i.. fi. nuAi-r. GSAK.F. SHBAK tho Mat May, 'annually, horuafter. The wsvy, and when the voice of tho 'nmjoriiy iy fairly jind clotu'ly expressed 'all shoo Id bovv to it us to tho voice of They .arc the sovereign rulers, azid their will be the law of tho land. Corruption of siiilriige in ;i re- -publican is the dcmllieHt :crime- that can be perpetrated; it is aesaHshmtioH of sovereignty oi' the people, .and, 'will be followed, by a (Uwpot.iBin, tho motive power of which 'win be" money and perjury. And if thin-.privilege tie tampered with, .sooner of later the nure and indignunt popular con'deTnnixtion will be fendotd and condign pusiiwhnicnt adiuiuifiteced. All gixxi eitistfjift, of whuievcriwlitioiilopiu- tou, nhould loud their aid for the ac- complishment of any and every thai tend to secure to each voter, not only his right to the elective ftun- the.iitisuraiico that his.vote will' be reiiiiercil valueless by or fraud. proper facility for the imturr.li- strike'down those -who will take ef-. in favor of Ttie'Sioijcy paid into'tlic'Trl'inSury it the property 'of the .jJeoj'Ss, .cue of whom fuw a ta bold hiu rep- roBen.taUy.ca to a.strjct.iujcouutabjlity for WeryVcidi-lar tliat'nvuy be'.' uppropriated or. I here renew the remarks made Inet svear-biiitlic 'fiutijc'etkof to. which you are respectfully freferred; yWrs- the, b ilto-'have1 'been 37 i fnncl N'oveinWttSO re lnUurtt in fnv.or of plnklug fund State 'feebt.'. signet? 'iftithS'eiawh-th daj? of be- ingiabout '-the Tbe Governor been. forced Cither to te: w i t'h'onV :p'roper in vestiga- any objections; he may defray, the operations of the government the ensuing year; or call au'eitra see- iston of tlie Legislature. I repeat that it is earnestly desired that toe apijro- pription bill be taken up, d.iscttefwd and pfw'sed wt a Bu'tiMehBy eiwly period dur- ing the session to eriiible it to receive that thorough -.examination domanda, "L V EDUCATION. __ Common The annual of Coinirtoli fechools exhlMU the conditiou of UiuMepwlmant in uhighly itisl u tpry mnrilier the ''US "iliool districts thin tpry iirc'l graded schools; it and' .county, city and' by re'port froni.Beptemljur, ;3, to'Novi-niliiT SO.' the loans; n.'--: :horougU HUperintmdents; teiK'.n- u-n; and pupils. Theeontof tui- t-joti-ifor .of four 'bi'iUdiui', purchusing andreutinjj; school ntliH in 'two years uniMhr.cia'inn---- hiiHiun't.wo hnnilri'd ami nine tliousind iind finirlcon cents I''uiiii arc aw UiiUnvs, vix ISonds of I'cnnsylvania Jiallrond inix uiilljvn four mid ii'd'iidrt of tlic I'hiladelphia uria r.itilroud Uiree million, luindivd thouHiina dollars. are l-iy II'. lllO i filUU'l Jin ijifo iioii-hitC'rost'beiiringitjjidH and will not .many. ye.aiv., hconirnend- to c'ontfidc'riifi-iJXi: of; the propriety.of the piisijayo >if Tl'ihTl'to (hi'-i bonilfc at public sale to the highest I id Iu direct fh'n profOedfs. d of the di hi i iiiilii! lie. b'iui'jur 1, educt, umoun.t 'cluumtiiV at" SUito houses, tu 21. 'I'liL'He three items, I'xpe'nditurcH'for all other .iii'cted therewith, aniDiint to the siggre- suiu Oil...... M-u sixtisfactioy, as (he nVerftge iiniHial cost tuition of each pupil doTUirf four anil a half centH. They iivertvge tuuojint iiakl is aljout, SI oh' pCT 'iXinlnin... Tliis, in ion, is Too small sr suiiny" 'to sectfl'fe jtlie Bi'i-vii'i's of i-oinpetoiit toacliere un Uill> thenocts-ity ofuioi r-idiomponsitien It ib-but anilityjJil b-vsc uu tcniluncj 'not only (lip toachus but the man nu m Wlucl.1 rtuticsaic pciloiiln.il Your aUeution is called to lu y i jfji Oh it, ni lAsilhsdtndniK tho ample JHOMIIOII iwv> m id i I 1 iw fm th( education ol all pel tht si-x mil one 1111 1 u specitl rppropriation of February-25, iy accordance with an. eati- the Hup.erintenderit, preaehted iu. my last annual, exct-edlng tbe-.autual. expenses "T-i. .Nytwith-stttnding every poasibla effect hjw> and will contiisuo to be to economize in the expanses of tho .pre- s-od to keep them ftw as 'pojisibte Ts-ithin the appropriation made by the last Legifilaturu, it will readily bo obfwrved that there be a, dertcii. for thoyear ending May ;U, 1869, the amount of which carefully iuid pHwevited to the Legiul'aturo prior to the class, of tlie prtwant session. The schools are all in good condition and improving, and their .usefulness ia daily boconiirig more manifisst, -Tfey are sunong the most, philiiBthrbpic inati- tuttonfj of the age, and h'igh'honoc oil the patriotism: of the' iiagislatura jby, Yrhl.ch t.Vioy been wq liberally En- dowed atid updn our.'people, they.are susWned. The children" Wiho: are the recipients .of 'tlieir' benefitH ftre offspring of bnivc-mon >yhp volun- tarily endangered thelrllviisin the cause of their'Countrf in tho most trying how of its existence, anil 'Wh'o, glowing with patriotic Mdor, fought sw. as heroically ns the noblyst men in the: world'ft history. Thousands of theni. who.left'their homes .'in tho" bloom of. health and with- the brightest hopes of manhood, now Asleep in death, lenvirig: their widows'arfd- -little the' cure of the country'in. whose service they foil; anil which promised them itw pro- tection. Their children are the wards of tbU great Commonwealth and too much prauxi cannot be awarded i to peo- ple for tho mumheient and tender'man.-, ntr in li thTy have thus far, through their re prthuitatives.'cli'sohiirgo.d tho-aa- crcd UK! dtln.ii.to trust, AURJCULTIIBAL COLLEGE. -Before General ap- public latidUt to several -Htak'n far'the-purpose of-agriculturaland 'milita-ry education and the mechanic lirtw, arid the time when Fcrui- sylTaiiUfc'tndoM'ad the Agricultural Col- logo with her whereof'thetja lands, itww upon indiviilaal, ih- lluancu, w.ithout iriojwis for its gislatire ensctmeiit.the aiinimuui num- ber of men required to- form eoaipany has.beeh aud a brigade futid is raised by taoc upon those 'who are not mtiixibes-s of a military organization, Jyut to the performance of military duty. I recomrneni) the patmga of a similar law rbrthe whole State. For the or presti-viiiR-the-gi-eat interests in- volved, which include. property and happiiKMH of. our JH pre- eentod.to you as au Important subject for ycur deliberation. Every possible- encouragement of vol- haw been .aitprdjid, and uotwith- indicated it has resulted 'as fo'llowV: "In 1S6S there' were isight volunteer compd'nies in the State iu. 186T-, enty and a others in- -preparation for By a'riductioh of .tls'e' niirnboB for a company from' that how required' to an' aggregate of fifty "oTlicers iuid men, com- panies soon, be numbered by the hundred, any of which eo.uld easily be rficrulttHl to the. niaximum number if required for nciiye' service.'. The State that always main tains tha highest de- gree of preparation, accanipUaluiH most and tmfiera least in the conflict of arma and by being in rciuliuetts it ofteu prc- vente improper encroachments upon her rights. The Adjutant General presents a full and detailed Htatementof tba, disburse- ments in hia department during tliw year ending Novemb'e'r SO, !Sftf3, with an esti- mate for tht> necessary appropriations for the current year, and also for such utiiounta aa beon dincpvoredto be due from ths Transportation -during the wjtr. STATE AGENCY. Tlic existence of the Military State Agency at Washington tertni Dated on the 31st day of. July -last, at which. time the appropriation payment .of ite expenses was exaiisted. Much benont resulted tomany'of the soldiers of our Btote, 'and their representatives, from ;th is o fflcc, in -w hi uii tlteif. t d asa from the G.o.yumuieiit ..vfero collected them free o'f ehnrge. In affer the agency to1 exirtt; there remained, u con.sidorikbl.a numter of unsottleei claims and aa no one knew more, gonditlou, or could. o'btiin an oarlierwitUement of them" than -the laic agent. Col. Cook, I permitted hiai, ubou hm own -offer, to close up the the ortlce, and -to transact of citikecs of foreign birth should 'be afforded butthe Logwlaturo, in its combined, wisdom, can surely enact Home mode to prevent tlio possibility of "a single vote being oaat upon spurious naturuliziuiou psipei-a, and thu'a fully secure the purity of tlio fran- chise. INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. Aiiioiig the supjects of importsHice to the citisaas of'rennbylvaniais tho es- tablishment of a-n Inaurauce Dttpart- men't, Such dap'Artiuente-'tiro in. suc- cesiful oparatiou iu nevbi-al neighboring of which the interests, of insurers arw guarded and promoted: careful a supervison is hud over ths transactions! tit inaumnco com- pftuicB that frauds roudereil aliiiost iinpossibla, and spurioua companies can ex-Litance. The result of tiie protectidu thus drTonied, in that whilst foreigjn .coinpantes' thus protected, do immense bnaiuesa in this Btato, so little confidence" is 'had 'in those of Pennsylvania that .thch buslnoss is almost- Kitirely-..- eouilncd within tho Stsitc limits; and lutcly soir.o of them'have withdrawn their..agencies from other States' bccanso- no risks'will eo'imecRiciise of the the law's-to afl'ord; protection to Insurers. To thi-s defect, inoreover, may attributed tho opera- tions of the nuinbor of worthless Com- panies which hiivo auddenly expired, to the iii'jury-of-i-all whose conildcucc and to the-. dishonor of Ll'io Commoiiwjealtli. Penn- tfylvania insuran'ce compaiHes 'triihanct little business outside of tho Stiito, it is allegad foruign life itisal'ance companies" .alone .paid-taxes last yair- on three million eight hundred, thousand .dol- lars of premiums rcc-clvud In Peun- sylvtvnia, a great pi'oDortior. of v.'hlch would be eoulinort to tlifn State if tho protection was given by law to its citizens sa. is altbriiwi by other Stittes. The report of the Irwunvncc Dupartment of New York, published in 1S67, Bhows that tho companies which were doing business in 1866, in Pennsyl- vania, and also in New York, had risks In force for more than ilva thou- sand million of dollars; a-nd it Is .be- lieved that the risks in Pennsylvania companies, which, for want of a prop- er Insurance Department, can not be would. the amount to over sis thousand million. -In view of these and .of the costly experience of tlie people .who have beeti imposed upon arid de- .frauded by and ephenir oral companies, I repeat the recom- mendation mKcfe to the Legislature at Ha laat Hwwiori, that an, Insurance Department by established, and.a su- poriojitendcut appoiutM by law, who shall ana control of all compajuies allowed to business within the State, and annually publish, un.deC oath, ftill re- transaction's. The e'otn- -muuity ia deeply lnter.osted in this matter, and demands the protection which can thus only be aUbrded. STATE COAT OF Diligent but unsuccessful, smirch haa arid..I, am general satisfaction. iindL papent rtf furred' to thei Q th.ua be.cn ciuried out, pieasod to vary AU tho book a of either the or cculd eaiywhere be found, it is re- that tho Lsgiblature take tho naesBsary stepa to supply tho' omu- by such means ius irvtheir wis- liotbe oit'lciently siuitivlned by their own iivteriinl resionvcea Tlie education of y'outh in the-highcr branches of know- lodge Kectns to roquiro thu.aid of'jshiUwi- tlir'ypio contributions. This 'inwtitutipn these benefits to any .adequate extent, mid though the board of Kotowed upon it tbe most anxious with those of it-s not equal to a contuafc I'lio of mpsus. Hence the school did not coujmaud tho contidence of fanners who wel'.e able to educate thuii' sons, and who.' eoutH' r.pfc forget character of thocolloge.atteclied to'" the'.' cl'iaraeter of its gradiiiitca; and that its taikire would enk'r into the ct'ti- the world would IIYIOII the. odi.icaUon.it bestoVpd; ..This feature act wsw paHsed iaw." WM cftrup- tion and fraudulent voting, to which it hrvs for many yearn been- diHtfraeefuUy exposed'.-This. jRWspoma, to have been so of its provision to hnvo received tlie isondenination of a 'tho. by which it incongfuous and At tha elec- tion imiuediatoly; after 'this dicmioh, it is alleged that fraiuflB wer'e -perpetrated, aurpaaHing perhaps, any that have beun conHummated liei'tito- foro in tlie history -of. tho Con wealth. These liavo d strated'' the necawji'ty of th-a sago of aoiue Isiw, or laws, that win iic'jom.plish dettirod: wbjeet, without Wng.aubjoct features' pointed out by tfip' laarned 'gtiiitleui.en proiiuncod.the opinion of the- Su- preme Bench.'. v rrhere 'is -no.'subject- ot such, vital Importance -to, the country aw tho sanctity of the ballot-box, a nil the1 protection of all dtizens in their right to the elective "fnu.chiae. Thin w our proudest Itoiist. It ondovv'n the American'Citizttn withva freodotii and a not poKsoftscd subjiwt.of iuiy other government. It makes hlin thu poer of'his t'yllow imui, whatever be or ;iii -To ba- any VI wjiatevar, his boastud freedom especiiil tind exalted, pre- farce. What avail's it to tho eitizun. that he is Intitlwl to a vote, if -that 'vote in to ho- nullified by fraud? Such guarda, theu, shpuld thrown arouud the polls as will et- foctiuUly, if possible, preserve them from the taint of a ainslo illwal vote. Not only should fal.su voitiiifV be severely but fulso swearin's. to obtain a vote bovisiUx.! with, the pains of pin-jury and with per- petual disfranch'wemont. The people must ho jiorfticMy ftw cinilato thoir public busiuyss, iu. their .iBTATE.B.JEWICFICIARIKS. A luiir.bor of benevolent, charitablit "otliur ainiiliir inistitutJonH an'fuially rbeeiyu from Bfjite for their support. These appropriationH, in not in all ctisos, appear to have been adsquate for tUe whlcu it wiw intendud they should boajiptied, (ia liberal aa can be oxpected in the present condition of the -TrotiHury of the State. CATTLE BJSEAKE. Tho prevalence of or epi- ilemlc' diseases among cattle and other luw for some years-past been a prolific source of anxiety and alnrm among tlia producorn and eoiisumora of meatH in many' of .tho States, it was (J-iarpfore doc.metl. importiuit to call a couventioa of competent persona U> takt; into consideration calcu- lated to remedy and growing uvil. This convwntion, wnupoaed oi three oommissioiH'rH.ench -from the four- teen States IB licwrdaiifle with'an' agrtwmeut by tlu wjvural Oovurnora, at tfpriu'g- tield. fllinom, on tho first .of IXv.ombpi- last, and an account of their transactions id herewith presented. thout J.i'-jiHlativo a'utliorfty, hut be lit-viii'j: myaiition Would be by tha people's rupreM-uUitiveu, I up iMniited Dr. Hiram and Mt-stu-s. 1C. O. Humes and 'A. Boyd Kmuilton imJMsiouel'.H to i'ennsylvs. iirlhat convention. Thono men freely tlu.-ir tima ami. eiice, and also incurred a [mcunuvrry pense of about thrto, humavii dollars, t> defray which 1 riico'mmcnd tliat an propr'iation lie made. BTATISTIC'R. "in view oflho vant urtuiiint and pruducLs of drwk for the eoilt'i'liou of five and imports, iin-riculturi man ufacturoH, iiKi.l, iron, oil, him her, An.-., might witb propriety and puotit bo lished. This could be accompliiiliod by the qmploymant nf a competent dark, undfir of one of the pn .sent lieiids dejiartniout, whos-u be- to. collect aati publish facts as'mind tend to stimulate and i'n- creuHcourprpiluctiveenergies, instil new life and vigor into our manufacturing interests, and lead to more accurate knowledge of all our resources and the proper methods for their development. There is abundant apace in tlie Capitol buildings to be appropriated as a recep- tacle for boolsn, papers, mineralogical and geological and other art- icles that inight be contributed appropri- ate to such a and which in few 'years 'would form an invaluable colloction. Under legislative direction, the good resuItM would bo almost incal- culablo, and are required by the progres- sive spirit of tho age in which we live. RESOLUTIONS OF THE VERMONT Yoiir-attentiou i.s called to the accom- panying, joint at the of tho Vermont Lcgislatur. beai'i-ng a just tribute to tho'la'to Hon. Joint. -reaolutioas from- sumo body are also sent you, which'-I-rcgard- as worthy'of yotiv -c'on- iidorafcion, relative to the act of. Congress ;c to establish anil protect National t.'em- and recommending "to tho Legisliitiu'e-of -tho Btate of Beiinsylva- uia tlie piwsago of au act empowering the board of (ioiiiiniiisioners having jluirge of tho Soldiers' National Ceme- oery. at Geltys-burg-. to transfer all tlie right, -title, interest and cure of said Soldiers' National Uouiulcry to the Govormucnt, upon the completion >f the same." IN MEMORIAM. It has been the misfortune of the Stato during the past year to lone by death two jfhot' Yenrcsentaiives iu (Congress of tho nation, Thaddeus Stevens, of tho JTiiitii, and Hon. Darwin a Finney.' of ilic Twentieth District. Both were na- tives of Vermont, but in early. life iected 1'ennsylvanisx for tlvoir home, and identified themselves with her interests, which they wore chosen to guard in tho Legislature and the people of the Com- monwealth. will remember with ratitudu their faithful and efficient ser- vices. The first woht down to liisgravo after a long- life of ufefeffilhiess anil in well matured the .other, in the prime of manhood, which' gave' pro- mise of a "ecarcely less brilliant career, PAED.ONS.. ,i.! TUqljst.of. pardon.fl issued during tha pa8t''.yenr will be'foiind amo'ug the pa- to' "which your attention. is principal reason, upon which .Uiey biiaed, and the 'names' of spine' of tho -prominent; potiUoiinrs, are giyen in a.-few.of tlirsQ.paivlunti lii'ay "have been through of ralati vos, friends, Hywpathizing neighbors ami other interested puvf ies, there is mi dbi i but in the minority of instances it isiffer- tain that the i'acts not only justified .but demanded Executive clemency. The number of applications 'for pardons during the year has been sixteen hundred and twenty-three. The 'num- ber of granted in that time bun been one hundred and six, which. jus a little over six and one-half 'per 'con Of those pardoned about 'five percent. hslve been again, brought before tho courts in consequencrt of their return to commission of crime. I am fu llyimpressetl with the -weighty responsibility' of the pardoning power, which ranks among the most difftGult und embarraasing duties of the Kxecu- tivo office. Daily with powerful and pitiful Importunities, as well as eon- uictiug repi'KbentatlDnii, from those in whoin he'should enablwl to fullewt contideuce, in order to avoirt er- rora in tho tlecisioa.of any case, .tin: Governor in compelled to lake into "con. Hiileivitiim tlie action of the eouivt-jbctbru wliich. the convict ,.has been tried; the. 'rnajsij'ty 6' tbc'l.'iw which mayor rtuiy notiuivo been violatea-; the condition tliH prisoner; his temptation to err, 'injury tli.at inay bo inttieted upon helpiwas and dependent relaUven, nml the lirgutxieuts mid appuals.ot' citixens whoso opinions and wishes lie b'oimd to -respect. And however just his deei- sion and humane and generous !vis ac- tion, elthw In favor (if or Against the po- for clemency, he must expect in impugned, .hi.s nani'' icter anil 'to'snflbf virulent attacks for tlie exerciso of HUH most 'important and merciful preroga- ve." Tho pardon report, will exhibit that uvny iuHtances in which Executive ele- nency invoked, youthful prin- ners, chtvrged- with 'their first -offences, nd thoc of a .trivial, character, have e'en 'tKe The object of pun- shment, in all cawefl, should not be inch to inflict pain aa to reform thiv uffererand jtrevehfc tbe repctioti Of evil ieeiU. This fact is frequently lost sigh i, in imposing ytiuishnient upon crimi lalsi, twpwially when 'inexperipncoil souths are whu't up in oloae ceLla: with lien hardened in crime, its aria wo daily taught and a romance throwit xround Its commission. Instead of.bcinii mproved. they some forth at tlie of their titt'insofb-'iiitoncewltll tllo of; their moral' senti- ncnta bluntad, and W'enar.ed ipon Ho'eie'ty'thtt infamous lessons mve learned. Sucli p'tmishiueatiftteati to increase than lensoti thetman- :ity of crime. When houses of Jon-iiuil reforiiiaUiriiw are construe Soil, or a proper wyatem of C'luHnement and prison ilii-i'Myiine in there wilt materiel of crime, a'ativijly t'uw casw U) iluniartd tliu- uxercise of pardoning power. COMMUTATION" OF Tliore are coiitined in tliiv. Jk'lii.ladrl- phia county prison the foli.ow.iuguanii.'ik' under- dontli, fnf whogo exei'.ntion .wnri'ant8 havor not. bven issued: lOilw.-ir.l Koi-d, scilteucr.l Msiv 12, Jerry Dixon, Mr.y I Hi ill fati'idc Fiutu'gan, iSii.'i Nc.svtou' JLX.'i'embei; U ISijti, anti Alfred :md -l-K'sii-y V'auS'ivn, .Iuly-H, Htrt'ccs-sivc- (-iciv- cirnoM, for n.'sisimc, jliiiod to'i'irdi'.'r tin- cxi-'Vition of The law tluvt shall bo in .'vccDrdauco wiLh tho tiiii.'ondifioiixlly
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