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Altoona Mirror (Newspaper) - September 23, 2001, Altoona, Pennsylvania SAMA show charts life on the Aegean INSIDE TODAY BUSINESS; News Printing thrives in tech world NATION: Afghan refugees are sent home B i Altoona iJKrror Copyright 2001 SEPTEMBER 23, 2001 newsstand Pain patch connected to recent area deaths BY TIFFANY SHAW AND MARK LEBERFINGER Staff Writers Abuse of a prescription pain medication patch is being linked to a handful of recent deaths in Blair County. Blair County Coroner Patricia Ross said five deaths during the past few months are the result of fentanyl abuse a drug that federal officials say when abused could be hundreds of times more potent than heroin. The medication conies in a patch that releases the analgesic to be ABOUT FENTANYL absorbed through the skin. to Nick Genovese, a registered phar- macist and direc- tor of the pharma- cy at Altoona Hospital, fentanyl helps control pain by binding recep- tors in the central nervous system and the brain. "The short-act- ing drug is used as part of the drugs used during oper- atihg room proce- dures. II also is used for patients with chronic and severe Gen- ovese said. A patch should be changed eveiy three he Pronounced: "FEN-tuh-nill What it Is: A narcotic used as an intravenous anesthetic in surgeries or as a patch (or chronic pain sufferers. Potential side effects of patch: Slow, shallow diflicull breathing, drowsi- ness, central nervous system depression, euphoria, nausea, vomiting, constipation, sweating, dry mouth, confu- sion, anorexia, dizziness and nervousness. How abused: Medicine on patch "either eaten or injected. Number of patch prescrip- tions: More than 3 million since 1997. Sources; Altoona Hospital, Janssen Pharmaceutical Products LP (manufacturer of fentanyl Blair.County Coroner's Office. said. The typical adult dose of fentanyl in gen- eral anesthesia is 0.05 to 0.1 milligrams per kilo gram, according to Mary Wyland, pharmacy supervisor at Bon Secours-Holy Family Hospital. Oxygen and muscle rolaxers are used in conjunc- tion with fentanyl during the general anesthesia. The transdermal patch, applied to the upper torso, releases 25 micrograms per hour and stays in the human system for 72 hours. Doses are available up to 100 micrograms per hour. Wyland and Genovese said fentanyl's side effects which are similar to morphine include drowsiness, lightheadedness, weak- ness, euphoria, dry mouth, urine retention, constipation and slow or troubled breath ing. A fentanyl overdose can throw someone into shock and respiratory depression. Please see AID WAR ON TERRORISM: MORE COVERAGE INSIDE, PAGES: A7, A9, All, A12 Melting pot sees mixed effects Local clergy view solution differently BY WILLIAM KJBLER Stuff Writer Some area clergy want rea- son. Others say war is appropriate. The response to the question of what action to take depends on the religion and the individual follower. Some want the nation to deal with the attacks as crimes, rather than acts of war. They support the capture and a trial for terrorist leaders like Osama bin Laden, rather than an assault on Afghanistan where he is believed to be hiding. Others are ready for war upon the conclusion of an extensive investigation. There's hysteria, and we need. calm reason, s aid Father Sean Code, former chaplain of Bishop GuUfoyle High School. People are saying we're "going to get and it makes Code uncomfortable. "Our bloodlust has become ayardstickofour he said. Pastor Herb Rice of New Hope Baptist Church in Duncansville is OK with war. "It doesn't seem too complicated to he said. "This one calls for retaliation." Please see A12 Muslims KIM FACTS experience support, prejudice The Associated Press A Muslim cleric holds a copy of the Koran at a Muslims for Peace Rally in New York's Madison Square Garden. Local clergy have mixed: opinions if war is the appropriate answer to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, Il.C. BY LINDA HUDKINS For the Mirror Shamsa Anwar says Muslims in the area have been heartened by the kindness of non-Muslim neighbors. "The community has been very she says. People left messages of encouragement at the Islamic Center on Logan Boulevard. "A lady who was very emotional said, 'I am just calling to make sure everybody in your communi- ty is OK, hoping that nothing bad happens to Anwar said. Please see A7 I Islam is based on five pillars, namely, declaration that there's one God, praying five times a day, fasting from sun-up to sundown during the holy month of Ramadan; giving to the poor and doing one's best to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca. Jihad is not a pillar of Islam. It- is not a reference to a "holy as terrorists claim.. Jihad means "struggle" and refers to the per- sonal struggle of each Muslim to live a peaceful and good life. The Koran accepts the idea of many religions and sees strength in diversity. One in five people In the world 1.2 billion people are Muslim; 8 million of which live in the United States. Extremists groups who claim toiollow Islam are no more repre- sentative of Islam than David Koresh is of Christianity. For more information, visit www.iscponline.org and use link to Basic Facts about Islam. Source: Julie Bete Fear keeps some fans away from PSD game STATE COLLEGE (AP) Julie Robinson admits she was apprehen- about flying in from Chicago for a football game. "I was a little tentative at she said. "But you can't just change everything. Some tilings you have to do." and tens of thousands like her were at Beaver Stadium Saturday when Wisconsin visited Penn State, on the first full week- end, of college football since the Sept 11 terrorist attacks. Most, like Robinson, came to the game despite their fears, both of airplanes and of being in the sec- ond-largest football stadium in the country, with seating for "It's not like they're asking us to pick up a gun and put on a said Scott Casler, a Wisconsin fan who also flew in from Chicago. "All It's sad. That's exactly what the terrorists want. They want to disrupt your life. Ed Jones of Maytown we have to do is get on an airplane, drink some Bloody Marys and go to a football game." But it seemed even that was a lot to ask of some. Although announced attendance was based on ticket sales, not a gate dreds of seats were left empty in the recently renovated stadium. Less than 30 minutes before kick- off, there still were dozens of empty spaces in the parking lot outside the stadium and hundreds more in the adjacent unheard of at a school legendary for its tailgating. "The people who usually park there, they didn't said Ed Jones of Maytown, pointing to an empty spot next to his. there's a couple spots down there. It's sad. That's exactly what the terrorists want. They want to dis- rupt your life." There were additional security guards at each gate, and no ban- ner planes flew over the stadium precautions directly related to the attacks. American Dags, some at half-staff, flew above the ubiquitous Nittany Lion Dags atop em's and campers parked outside the stadium. At Penn State, tailgating often continues dur- ing halftime, but university officials said people who left the stadium no longer would be allowed to re-enter "They're little things, but things that you're going to see every Robinson said. Jones brings his replica of the Nittany Lion statue to each game. This time, he also brought a repli- ca of the Iwo Jima memorial and a framed picture of New York fire- fighters raising the American flag over the rubble of the World Trade Center. "Today, I felt it was important to do something, to show Penn State pride, but also pride in Jones said. Mirror photo by Jason Sipos FREE INSIDE Wisconsin dominates PSU. Neil Rudel commentary: Paterno angry with Lions' effort. Highlights, lowlights: Bellinger, Davis shine for Wisconsin. Nit's notebook: Penn State fails to recruit Badgers' stars. Wisconsin returns to its smash- mouth rushing attack. v PAGES: C1, C2, Cis Joe Paterno salutes Old Glory'.'. during the national anthem before Penn State University's football game at Beaver Stadium against the Wisconsin! Badgers. 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