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Miami Daily News-Record (Newspaper) - December 16, 1942, Miami, Oklahoma Its io Retreat on Road to T Dy 1 A ifcpoiiit questionnaire With sdnio 20 extra jected a querulous quirk kft capitol For this little it was gent out by the very congressional committee now engaged in putting the quietus on A The joint committee on reduction nonessential federal expendi tures is prdbing all government questionnaires in an announced ef fort to cut wartime red Its quixotic quest brought a of Applause from the people who haye to answer the crit icism for bureaus that ask So one of tlie boys in the bti who for Borne cjueer reason not to be quoted by brought upthe subject of the quizers a quaint and quizzi cal tale thats enough to drive one to Sent Armistice Day Committee records disclosed it was sent out last Armistice lay in the calm before the current questionnaire its ex pressed object was to find out why are almost as many civilian government employes as there are men in the armed The thumb twiddlers in our government should be given other work to said Senator the Virginia Democrat who lieads the There being no the questionnaire was promptly forgotten except by those who received f i It asked each of some 81 federal agencies to list the total number employes total to break both totals down into perma temporary em war service appoints and laid emergency relief It requested the number of em ployes in each of CAF grade dont ask us what that each pro fessional and scientific each ties My Guy Imogene reads a news story about her boy Frank of youngest and smallest Ma rine on His photo is in her Private Wilson helped capture a high Japanese officer and personally marched the captive back to NEA Tclcphoto GERMANS SLASH AT RED FORCES TO REGAIN EDGE Left Wing of Soviet Army Endangered in Smash Below Stalingrad By HENRY CASS1DY man units slashing hard at the left Wing of the Red army southwest of were reported today to have driven an armored Wedge into the Russian lines after1 mount ing full scale attacks bolstered by tanks and Red the Soviet army news said the Germans struck heavily and repeatedly at positions occupied only recently by the Rus sians who had not had time to consolidate Dispatches from the front indi cated that the enemy had advanced toward a water line and along important their heavy artil lery pounding a before them and their infantry pushing into Sa lients in the wake of the Strongest Reich Attacks The Axis attacks were described as evidently the strongest they have able to muster since the beeinning of the Russians win ter offensive 9 but the dis patches declared there was still no sign that they had succeeded in shattering the encircling ring in One of Two Utah Airliner Crash Survivors Declares He Is To Be Others Are Dead doughty 23yearold leather neck tightened his safety belt and a Western airlines trans port crash that killed 17 and left a second survivor battling for his sub t each custodial service each clericalmechanical service each industrial and skilled trade and the total payroll for O each Committee employes said the agencies had cooperated fully in filling out the al though some bureaus had been forced to ask for more time than first was It seems that answering the quizquizzers quiz required so muchtime that they got behind in sending out their own question The and the Marine corps smiled through a bruised face from his hospital bed at Lehi as he said I nearly froze to but Im lucky to be Robert Mallett of the only other person abqard to escape death when the big ship toppled into stretch of sagebrush desert about 55 miles south of Salt Lake City was much more seriously hurt than the ma Four including Steward ess Cleo Booth of Los two military eight other men passengers and three crew mem bers died in the some o them lingeringly as Lieutenan Gardner told of awful screaming the smashed Spongier Sees Brighter Picture In 1944 By HAROLD OLlVEtt Expressing confidence in Republi can prospects in 1044 if we can lifeep our mistakes few and Harrison the partys new national paid a htfrricd visit to Republican head quarters today to begin areor ganization of campaign Things are looking up for us for said citing not only the recent election gains by his party also what he called third threats within Democraticranks in the West and From what I can said the 63yearold Cedar many southern states are seething with distrust of the New he is a perfect example of it A Democrat there Moore ran as a Re publican and defeated Senator Lee in a state we hadnt carried since Commenting the recent speech by Frank of Ala bama accusing the Democratic party of dynamiting the social structure of the South and saying suggestions for forma tion of a southern Democratic CONGRESS WINDS UP LEGISLATIVE EFFORTS TODAY Longest in Sessions Extended over 715 Days To Arm for War By ALEX SINGLETON WorkWorn and the 77th Congress comes to the end of its legislative life today after an his toric twoyear first with the problems of a tremulous the robust job of arming the nation for Rommels Fleeing Columns Pounded In a Traffic Snarl By GEORGE TUCKER States and British bombers are inflicting heavy punishment on BommeU Biiarled and disorganized columns fleeing along the wad to it was disclosed while the British Eighth army pursued the enemy well west of El Light and medium bombers had a field day yester dispatches daylight revealing that fighters and rbombers during the night had caused among and groaning in The pilot apparently was grop ng for the emergency landing fteld at four miles from as the vyas pointed failed report by radio after taking off for Los Two of the victims were copublisher of the Daily News since and Donald of Den head of the industrial hygiene department of the University of Gardner suffered a fractured right leg and shoulder injuries but fearful that gasolinefed flames might break out any he dragged himself clear of the it did not The marine shivered through the hitter night of the cedar desert before rescuers reached the lonely spot nearly 12 hours which they were caught before Some German advanced unitsin the fresh counteroffensive even forced to the Rus sians but others were managing to hold ground until re serve could be broutrht Battle Slowing Elsewhere The Russian pace on other parts of thelong winter front was slow moving but and inthe territory west of Rzliev soldiers OL the Red army slogged into two mbre villages after violent armys off endive on the central front northwest of rolled steadily on through snow covered forests studded with Nazi The Russians positions on this front were described as roughly 300 miles west of in the Velikie Luki the Communist party said that despite violent counterattacks sev eral basic German defense points in the minefields west of Rzhev had been Spangler said They tell me the the South are much interested in forming a new party or defeating the New SENATE QUITS AT Senate of the 77th Con gress adjourned finally today at central war to end an historic twoyear and the House was expected momentarilyto finish its last Minor legislation was handled during the and President Roosevelt sent letters thanking senators and representatives for what they had accomplished during the last two V The House and Senate formally agreed to adjourn at the close of todays furnishing a breathing spell until the new Con gress takes over on Lljtj II UCX the retreating Axis creating road blocks persisted for Favorable Bombing Targets At these points unintended concentrations of Rom mels armored units presented some of the most favorable targets the bombers have seen in the African Douglas Martin Baltimores and North Amer ican Mitchells roared off Allied bases in a daylong shuttle serviceto hit the traffic jams and the gullies where Rom mel tried to disperse some of his One near the Marble Legislative Days Longest in the 77th War Today BY THEASSOCIATED PRESS drive armored wedge into one arm of Soviet win booby traps left by British Eighth army breaks own record in pursuit of Rommels NEW GUINEA MncArthur communique reports sharp fighting at Sanananda Point and Buna air Four Enemy Planes Raid English Coast Nazi FockeWulf 190s attacked the English south coast this after noon and one which ap preached the outskirts of set off fi brief the first in the capitals environs since JAPCHINESE FIGHT RAGES The Japanese have an at tack aniddle Yangtze port in Hupeh driving south in three the Chi nese high command reported to Its communique said heavy fighting was in Casualty of Star Wont Shine star of Bethlehem will shine this Christinas Nor will the klcidoscope of lights with which this Pennsylvania named for the birthplace of annually has commemorated His The pale light that shines will be that of beeswax tradition al among the Moravian residents whose ancestors founded this Beth and of steel mill furnaces shielded from skyborne disturbers of the Christmas The streets will be but as Mayor Robert Pfeifle II wouldnt be right for them to be ai lit up when our boys are out in the darkness fighting for The 90foot manmade Christmas star that shone 20 miles fron South mountain and the eight to 1 miles of colored lights that drew crowds of shoppers to Bethlehem in the days before gasoline ration will be Theyd mnke too good an air raid says the mayor of a city in which the steel mills guard every ray of theyd cost the city to Weve turned over of Merchant Ship Reported Overdue The Navy announced today that a mediumsized United States mer chant with Carl Fred erick former mayor of Mil as commander of its Navy gun hns been overdue for several weeks in the South Atlan tic and is presumed to be lost with mf known Cold Wind Forces Temperature Down BY THE ASSOCIATED TKESS A cold wind out of the north was a chilly reminder to Oklaho inans today that after is MEN 18 AND 1 9 TO Census Bureau Figures Many Have Some to Pass Tests The census bureau estimated to day there are 18and 19 yearold youths in the country sub ject to military service under re cent draft Of this number about are white and Many of these of course are physically unfit or already have Because of a declining birth rate in the the bureau said the number of males attaining the age of 18 each year in the next few years will be less than this year s Congress was in session 715 The House met on 104 legislative Five senators and 1t repre sentatives died during the two airfield some 40 miles west of El to have caused i which disorganized the Vxis retreat for many 1 All Planes Return The communique from United States army headquarters said all American planes returned from yesterdays heavy Unit ed States fighters downed one Messerschmitt and damaged in an air it Enemy fighters apparently were makingbut little effort to break up the andthe more im portant opposition came from ground few balmy days that smacked of Coldest overnight was Waynoka with Guvmon and Elk City had 27 Oklahoma City Ard more and McAlester had the warmest 32 The weatherbureau said it prob ably would be not quite so cold to BERLIN REPORTS GAINS BERLIN From German Broad German high command said today that German and Rumanian troops had taken several strongly held posi tions from the Russians helween the Don and the Volga while Ital ian forces repelled Russian at the bureau said in an mans today tnac airer other the birthratefeion the the winter season despite the last increase now and America has tne lowest infant death rate of any ot the large 47 for each 1 000 live Only six nations have a lower in fant mortality rate the Australia nd New of which have ates ranging from 37 to and with a rate of The mortality rates were based 1940 which showed hat infants under one ear of age died in the United States in that The mortality rate in Germany n 1940 in Italy 104 and m Japan the Japanese figures Still No Papers on New York Streets NEW Newspaper and Mail Deliverers union and the Publishers associa tion of New York ended separate allnight meetings early today failinc to effect a settlement oi the strike which has kept most of the citys newspapers out of gen eral circulation since Sunday eve THE WEATHER Undid Brbadcmt Prohibited OKLAHOMA Slightly cooler extreme not quite so cold quite so cold north and west slightly tooler exltfme southeast quite so cold and pculh Temperatures in Miami from 4 Tuesday until 2 oclock this if ternoon jii 6 8 m 10 m Midnight 2 m 4 m 30 fi 8 ni 28 30 3fi 331 2 m 39 that money to buy equipment for the civilian defense Yugoslavs Could Put Under Arms Draja the Yugo salv guerrilla has men now actively under anc could throw fighters against the Axis armies of occu pation if Allied troops landed ir the This was the assurance voicei here by Svetozar Dimitrije vich of the Yugoslav nirforce in f press conference at the Yugoslav iaii Writer Tells Graphic Story Of American Drive to Take Buna Village From Nippon By MURUN SPENCER WITH AMERICAN TROOPS SOMEWHERE IN NEW Ameri can advancing cautious ly and pouring a withering fire from tommy guns and ma chine captured the little na tive village Buna today from the Buna a shambles from weeks heavy bombings and re cent mortilr was occu pied than two hours after the attack 1 walked into the village titter the attack as the Americans were consolidating their 1 saw a few Jap and no pris American casualties were Foy weeks Buna was the It leavesa tempestuous record of prewar battles over foreign poli of sharp skirmishes between isolationists and interventionists and then of wai measures1 as bombs fell on Pear iVpproprlatiorts Approximately was appropriated during the tw and of that total was earmarkedfor Major measures passed bcfor the outbreak of war th lendlcase bill ami legislation to permit the arming of merchant which then were authorized to sail into war zones with supplies for the countrys future Even the stepup of defense leg islation seemed slow after Con gress declared war in succession on Bulgaria and and even threw the legislative machinery into high Provides TwoOcean Navy In the face of the dictators chal lenge that democracy is Congress provided a twoocean an army designed to reach a strength of and an air force intended to achieve mas tery of the The drain of the military upon the nations normal supplies began tobe felt on the home With t came the potential menace of in so Congress passed one price control bill early in the war later found it necessary to clami down an even tighter Extensive Powers to Unprecedented p o w e r s wcr granted President Roosevelt to free Continued On Page Two A great increase in the volume of westwardmoving enemy traffic British sour ces and may mean that Rom mels delayingtactics were proving even less effective than original ly had been Our leading though still greatly impeded by continued to harass the retreating enemy and are now west of El Agheila a joint British head quarters RAF communique Allied night fighters straffed the backtracking as far west as Kauta En Nbfilia 90 miles west of El Monday night and yesterday light bombers and fighterbombers took up the pun ishment of the Axis Vehicle targets on the roads were battered and pilots report a great volume of traffic the communique One enemy fighter was reported shot down in small scale air bat tles which IjTl Llfei tfTtT lOifAir Miles Beyond El Agheila By The Associated Press LONDON Eighth by Allied air fleets littering the road to Tripoli with blasted wrecks of Marshal Rommels were re ported today as probably approaching Zautn En 100 air line miles west This by a competent British military ndicated since thebreakthrough at El Agheila a rate of advance exceeding that of the Eighth army after it cracked Rommels El Alamein line in On opposite side of the squeeze on the Axis dwindl ing last foothold in North other strong forces of British and United States planes were strik ng heavily at the enemy in Tuni sia while winter rains and brown mud mired the land front in relative No Mileages Given Mileages were not given in the British With Rom mel apparently unable or unwilling to shield his retreat with more than delaying rearguard patrols the speed of the British pursuit was governed chiefly by the eighth armys agility in picking its way through the maze of mines Rom mel left behind and by its flow of The British communique empha sized that our leading forces still are greatly impeded by Its that ground forces now are well west of El Agheila and that the air arm has struck as far as Zauta en Nofilia suggested that a wide lane soon would be cut through the enemys deep field of TNT and bobby Both sides resorted to air blows far behind the front to choke off the opponents Fires in Naples Allied planes set new bigfires in the harbor area of Naples Mon day British communique and pounded the Tunisian harbors of Tunis and La Goulette again in force the same The Italians yesterday disclosed that Naples again had been Shifting to the far eastern end of the long a quiet the Italian high command said its longrange bombers had Continued On Page Two of the invaders hold on the north ern Papuan coast of New While there are other Japancs strongpoirits in the immediate vi cinity which probably are bette defended at and must b the occupation of Buna re licvcd a sore spot on the American left The attack started at 7 with one of the heaviest mortar barrages ever laid down in this Four hundred rounds of shells were poured into the enemy positions in a short Then the Americans hit the vil lage from two and they showered the Japanesc with every thing they had from rifles to ma They fired both along the ground Continued On Page Two covering the period from 1036 to Commenting on the mortality rate in the Axis the bu ll said This has important implications from the standpoint of the popula tion program for the Axis since the effectiveness of the of ficial policies adopted by Japan and Italy for increasing the population requires the reduction of mortality among or at least the maintenance of a con stant rate concurrent with an in crease in the Traffic Count May Slump 40 Percent OKLAHOMA of about 40 per cent in the December traffic count at the 20 points where there are automatic counters is expected by the State Highway Planning sur Suicide Warfare By Japs Fails to Get San Francisco This decrease is predicted part ly on the November traffic figure compared with the count for other months of 1942 plus the effect of gasoline The total number of vehicles counted in November was un der November a year The fig ures are for November this year as compared with 860 for the same month a year Jap plane which sidcswlpcd the San Francisco off Guadalcanal November 12 leaves nf smoke center at spot where the plane crashed into the Ihe San a rancisco right of smoke continues the Left is a United States cargo Anti seen bursting in the This day the Japs lost 32 of 33 attacking Official Navy Photo 1 rom NLA lelepuoto
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