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Miami Daily News-Record (Newspaper) - April 14, 1942, Miami, Oklahoma SMVICES Hm IN THIS PAPER 246 Publlihed Ever Evening Except Saturday Bundi Hfortllhlr hv Miami NeWnHecnrH Pnlillihlna APRIL Office of Publication PRICE FIVE FLIERS JOIN IN SINKING OF 13 JAP SEAPLANES TAX BOOST PLAN REPORTED CAST ASIDE BY Attempts Comb Being Made to Out Differences Between High Officials On Broad Program Intend ed to Curb April administration was 1eport ed authoritatively today to have decided against asking for drastic new tax increases as a means of combatting Attemps were under way to compose disagreements among high government officials over a broad program envisioning the freezing of profits and Secretary ofthe Treasury Hen ry was repre sented by his aides as believing the present tax pro gram was that volun tary purchases of war bonds could be stepped up to a thus absorbing excess pur chasing and that consumer merchandise should be Morgenthau wag understood to be opposed to most of the plans fathered by a group led by Price Administrator Leon Henderson and Marriner chairman of the Federal Reserve who reportedly favor not only a much stiffer tax but a simul taneous assault on all important inflationary factors as This would mean freezing of nearly ail wages and compulsory war bond profit limitations and general retail credit President Roosevelt has curtail ed his engagements to devote as much time as possible to the prob his solution of which may be outlined in a fireside chat within the next two Strong congressional opposition bas developed against efforts to boost taxes and Chair man George of the Sen ate finance committee told report ers it was highly questionable Congress would be will ing to go beyond the present pro of Urges Sales Tax The Chamber of Commerce of the United States proposed today that Congress impose a retail sales tax at a rate approaching 10 percent to raise in new Ellsworth chairman of the chambers federal finance made the recommenda tion to the House ways and means committee as part of an overall war revenue program which in cluded increases in both the pres ent corporate and individual plus a five per cent added with holding tax on divi dends and interest paid to indi Alvord said the chamber recom mended that the sales tax be ap plied to tangible personal prop erty with exemptions limited to purchases by slate and local Will Is Indorsed for Congress LOS April Will 30yearold son of the lato was indorsed by the Democratic council of the Sixteenth California congressional district last night as Dtmocratic candidate for the Beat now occu pied by Leland In accepting the Rogers said he probably would be in the army during the My campaign will have to be carried on by friends in the dis he Those who have indorsed me must understand that my military service comes He is a reserve officer in the field artillery and expects to be ordered into active service American and British Fliers Smash at New Enemy Air drome Endangering India Fighting Continues on Cebu in ish Fall Back in BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS United States and British fliers have1 struck strong blows in the defense of In threatened by a Jap anese fleet of three battle five aircraft carriers and other warships in the Bay of smashing 13 big flying boats in the Anda man Islands and attacking an airdrome in it was announced Thirteen flying boats used by the Japanese for long range patrol and bombing were set afire or damaged when the struck 800 miles across the Bay of Bengal and found them anchored in the harbor at Port Blair in the Anda potential springboard for an Indian the British Another communique said the Japanese lost seven aircraft when the indomitable American Volun teer Group fiercely attacked Jap anese raiding an air drome in the northern Shan states in Burma at low levels on Friday Three more Japanese planes were said to have been destroyed by the on Sunday at Fighting On Cebu Greatly outnumbered America and Filipino troops were officially reported putting up stubborn re Distance to Japanese invasion forces today on Cebu in the central whili Jonathan Wainwrighti defenders of Corregidor underwen four more assaults by Japanesi A War department bulletin that communication between Cebi and Corregidor had been reestab lished and that heavy fighting in with our troop slunborhly resisting l3eT advanc of the On the last ma jo AmericanFilipino bastion in Ih Battle of the War depart ment said heavy Japanese bomber inflicted some troop bu only slight damage to military in Enemy batteries shelled Cor regidor and Fort Frank from po sitions on both sides of Manil the communique Ou guns returned the The War department also re ported sharp skirmishes on Min danao COO miles south o In the battle for the approache to British headquarters re ported that planes ha destroyed or damaged IS Jupanes flying1 boats in a smashing at tack on Japans new bases in th Andaman in the Bay o New Push In litirmn Imperial Tokyo headquarters as serted today that Japans invasio armies had captured prison including 15 since th beginning of the Bataan offcnsiv in the while on th Burma front British headquarter acknowledged a dangerous Japanese thrust toward the centra Burma oil A British communique said Jap anese troops driving up the Irra waddy river hud captured the vil lage of which is 22 miles south of the Minbu oi The British also reported in creasing Japanese pressure below 00 miles northeas of about midway belweei tho Britishdefended right flanl and the Chineseguarded left flan of the main Allied defense Continued On Page Two Mines Granted Top War Priority Rating April enterprises were granted a top war priority rating by WPB today to assist them in obtaining explosives THE WEATHER KANSAS and mild today 11 nd TcmperatureB in Miami from 4 yesterday until 2 today 4 4 i j i 5 8 30 i 10 Midnight 2 1 2 Nylon Money Put In Circulation by Treasury as Test April any nylon monoy Treasury officials disclosed to day that currency printed on pa per containing nylon instead of silk was put into test circulation a few days but no one seems to have spoiled The first batch of the IOC percent homemade brand of American money was distribut ed through the Philadelphia Fed eral Reserve bonk as a test to determine whether it wore as well as Ihe old General circulation of the new must wait until the stock of silkthreaded paper is used Secret service agents doubt whether anything but a chemical analysis would show the differ ence between the new and the INTO AXIS CAMP TO POWER KNOX OPPOSES ANY CHANGE IN WORKING WEEK Vlso Objects to Flat Limi tation on War Urging Before House Com mittee That Psychologi cal Speedups Be April Secretary of the Navy Knox old Congress today that suspen ion of the 40hour work week law would result only in confusion and opposed a flat per entage limitation on prof ts and urged a cessation of Indus rial disputes over the closed ihop He said there was no iced for labor legislation so far as he navy was Knox told the House naval com mittee flatly that he thought the matter of changing the veek was only a question of vages and would mean a 10 per cent cut in the income of io urged for both industry and abor a psychological appeal to stimulate production through pa rather than having Con fess enact and ex pressed belief that the force of the profit motive was diminishing and would further diminish as the war Called to testify on the Smith Vitison which would put a 6 percent limit on war profits anc suspend the 40hour week law anc freeze the closed shop status Knox said he thought the profits question could best be dealth with through the Treasurys plan for sharplyincreased excess profits He suggested a vigorous campaign to arouse and ac quaint the workers in war that their own personal security upon the production of the tools of He said the nation needed the type of spirit engendered immedi ately after Pearl adding that a considerable part of that wave of enthusiasm still re Pierre Laval DEFENSE COURSE LAUNCHED HERE Specialist Stresses Vulner ability of Outlines Setup for Miami Kightyeight volunteer workers for every of population are needed in the civilian defense set Al Smith of special ist in civil informed an overflow assemblage at the city fire station last The recently returned from assignment to civilian defense training at the Edgewood arsenal in New spoke at the opening of a fivenight school of instruc tion for auxiliary auxil iary police and defense In addition to other communi ties represented at the opening ses sion included Qua Wyandottc and Emphasizing the need for pre paredness on the home Smith declared that whereas we former ly had two oceans to protect we now have two oceans to pro Security must be provided at home in order to maintain the mor ale of men on the fighting fronts who have left families behind he assuring them something to come back A Vulncrable Section Pointing to the vulnerability of this southwestern section of the United Smith said bomb ers from carriers in tho Gulf of Mexico could reach all parts of Ok lahoma in less than two This Eighth Corps he con contains 1A percent of all the petroleum in the United Slates and 48 percent of the nations oil refining capacity is located in four of these Forty percent of the nations lead and zinc are pro duced in this lie Continued On Page Two WOOL SHORTAGE LABELED ACUTE Resigned WPB Official Char ges Former Colleagues With Responsibility April Hobert former War Production board told Senate investigators today that re luctance of certain WPB officials to curtail civilian production had confronted the nation with a wool shortage similar to that existing in Testifying at hearings conduct ed by the committee on request of Donald WPB Guthrie said his resignation on March 14 as director of the textiles branch of the agency resulted from a basic disagreement with other officials as to the speed with which civilian industry should be convert ed to war He asserted that since his resignation Nelson had done a commendable job of xxx requiring the conversion of virtually all civilian durable goods industries to war he the consummation ofthe alKout pro gram which Nelson has an nounced rests in the hands of men who found it impossible to formu late such a policy The type of thinking which al lowed pinball and juke box manu facture to continue until May if not a Japstopping type of ap Guthrie named Philip chiei of WPBs industry Ken neth whom he describee as an officer and owner of a Bos ton wool firm and one of the di rectors of the WPB wool program as among those who opposed his Contending that civilian uses o wool should have been restricle much Guthrie said the di rcction of the wool program re mains in the hands of a man who Continued On Page Two Lord Halifax to Visit Texas Cadets T KKR April Lord and Lady Halifax will visi cadets at the Terrell Fly ing school Thursday and attem dedicatory ceremonies at Oaklaiu memorial whore six Britisl youths who lost their livesin training are The British ambassador wil speak from the steps of the citj hall and at the A sun dial will bp placed Ht Ihf burial plot donated by the Terrcl War Relief society to the Britisl BERLIN EXPECTS EARLY INVASION BY ALLIED ARMY Naxi High Command Is Re ported Resigned to That Development and Fearing Offensive Will Come in Some Surprise April ports reaching London from neu tral capitals today indicated the German high command was re signed to an impending invasion of Europe by Allied forces and afraid that the attack would come at a place where it was not ex The wellpublicized visit of ieorge United States army chief of and Harry adviser to President Roos has given Berlin an advanc d case of jitters which was be ng answered by statements of reports The Berlincorrespondent of the Stockholm Demokratcn reported a German high command spokesman as saying We are expecting an invasion at any Let them try We are Ifaly Is Apprehensive The correspondent of the Geneva paper La reported there was open talk in Germany about possible British military action in western A similar report was heard over the Rome radio last night when the Italians said that Italy already was and that Canadian troops had been assigned to spear head the London sources it was obvious that the Italians had no faclural ba sis for tho War of Nerves in Reverse The sum was that Germany now is suffering a such as she has used so successfullj against some of her enemies earlier in the expert opinion George Mar United States army chief of conferred several times yesterday with Lord Louis Mount chief of Britains hard hitting and arrange for further conferences i was stated Observers noted that whose ap pointment as chief of the com mandos was disclosed yesterday is one of Britains bestknown ex perls on invasion When United States troops land ed in northern the wisl was henrd in many quarters tha they join the invasiontrained com mandos and participate in raid on the European There even was speculation that the might be trained as shock Official silence has beci on the Amer ican DIPLOMA TIC BREAK BETWEEN AND VICHY FORESEEN FLEETS FATE IS IN DOUBT PLANK KILLS SOLDIER April 14 Struck by an army pursuit plan Friday at Lowry field Anadark died of his injuries yestei Ryan was sitting on a trai tor into which the plane swerve to avoid a collision with anothe He enlisted in the arm six years He is survived b his Collaborationist to Become 2 Man of Pe tain Regime London Takes an Ex ceedingly Grave View of BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Marshal Petain agreed under German pressure today reorganize his Vichy government under proAxis ierre Laval for renewed collaboration with the Nazis vhich may lead to a diplomatic break with the United foreign diplomatic sources Laval will return Thursday with a new chief f the they Under the prospective France would pass completely to the Axis aged Marshal although remaining chief of the would become a and Vice Premier Admiral Jean Darlan would retain only his present post as foreign By a special law approved by the Riom trial attempting to fix military responsibility Frances de has been changed to include an investigation of the political maneuvers which led France to war with Lavals title as government leader will make him 2 man in the Vichy government under Marshal Pe ain who remains chief of these sources They added that by this Laval would be able o inaugurate officially full French collaboration with Germany and her Axis The 85yearold marshals stirring immediate specula ion on the possibility of Frances turning her stillpowerful fleet over to Adolf aroused som ber repercussions in Informed British quarters said the British government took an exceedingly grave view of La vals reentry into the Vichy gov Diplomatic Defeat for Diplomatic sources said Lavals return was a tacital defeat for the United Nations diplomatic waged through the Vichy away from the A British foreign office spokes man declared the reorganization was forced on Petain by the Nazis because the Germans are to a high degree nervous about affairs in France resulting from an upswing in proAllied sympathy in the con quered French Riom Trial SiiKpcndod Marshal Petains decision was announced soon after the Vichy government indefinitely suspended the Riom trial of French leaders charged with beingresponsible Frances unpreparedncss for Germany had complained billerlj that the trial failed to bring out Frances war guilt for having taken up arms against the Reich in tho first the official German news said the decree suspending the trial meant that the question of responsibility for the war will be raised when and if the trial is The announcement of the new French government Laval and in a meeting to decided on the constitution of a government established on new Tho swarthy once named Petains heir as chief if was vice premier from July until when the old marshal ousted him in H nighttime roup and appointed Darlan as vice While hostile to Admir Continued On Page Two Peak War Budget Brings New Tax Loads in Britain April ains total expenditures for the new fiscal year were estimated to day at by the chancellor of tho Sir Kingsley who declared in presenting the new budget that United States lease lend aid to this country now is run of The estimated expenditures mark an alltime high for Britain and an increase over last years actual pending of the chancellor Tho budget was for the new fis al year started April The already taxburdened Bril sh public was called on to pay ad litional levies on entertainment and thcr luxury AVood indicated lie basic income tax rate of 50 jcrccnt would not be The beer now one penney will be making it n The whisky tax is aised by cents n Making an average price low selling for about cost a tax on tobacco will rise i increasing the cost of a ack of 10 cigarets about 5 American Tanker Makes Port After Terrific Shelling BLAST KILLS TWO MEN April a mill help and a were killed in a blast that wrecked the Burrus elevators Both lived The bodies of both mangled in the were recovered by a rescue They were trapped under tons of broken rubble and grain that filtered down through the bot toms of 100foot The blast was felt two miles Chunks of some of them weigh ing two were tossed 800 Four other workmen in the eleva tor and four in the office suffered minor With its top two decks torn in an American la iker reaches an unidentified tnitcd Stales port af ter an Axis torpedo crashed into its Despite heavy damage the vessel was able to make un der its own NEA TELEPHOTO FBI SEIZES GREY SHIRT CHIEF AS DRAFT DODGER NKW April The arrest of Hubert Schmueder 40yearold selfstyled leader f The Grey Shirts of in a charge of failing to register mdcr llic selective service was announced today by the Fed eral Bureau of assistant direc tor of the who announced the said thai Sclunuederrich had distributed pamphlets concern ing the Grey Shirt movement since Since Kuxworlh Schnnicderrich had mailed many pnmphlels to nonJewish of ficers and other soldiers in the United Slales The literature was antiSemitic in Foxworth and declar ed our world rcvoluliun is victori Long live our Adolf Seizure of French Colonies Urged in House BULLETIN April The French government issued a statement today declaring it had rejected the injuriouH of a note of the United States government explaining its estab lishment of a consulategeneral in Free French Equatorial Afri hut half an tour later ur gently requested correspondents lo withdraw the story from pub April United States seizure of French was demanded in the House today as a reply to plans of Vichy France for a new govern ment embracing Axis admirer Pierre a traitor received his pieces of commented Poage who de scribed Laval as the enemy of ail free Poage urged closer cooperation between the United Stales and uie Free French includ ing the occupation of strategically located French Representative Gossett predicted the complete and in glorious end of the French repub lice if Ihe French fleet is turned over to No policy of appeasement can be asserted Fad dis in demandingthat the Ujiited Slates by if neces seize alb French possessions WQ believe necessary for suc cessful prosecution of Acting Welles re Cured to discuss Vichys pending a report from William the American ambassador at Only yesterday the United States bid for the support of all French men in a formal note to the Vichy government pledging that Allied victory will restore llic sovereign rights of Ihe people of HWAR BULLETINS Stockholm radio broadcusl today that Marshal Scmcnn Timo shenkos forces in South Russia had forced breach in the German lines 25 miles north of the great steel producing city of 14 British Civilians Die in German Raid A NORTHEAST TOWN IN April teen persons were many others injured and considerable damage caaused to residential property in German bombing at tacks over scattered areas last it was announced Most of the raiders attacked towns near the but one flew inland to northwest The German communique reported the raids made on the Huniber river where the principal towns arc Hull and Food Stamps Being Used in the County Food stamps were making their appearance in Ottawa county today as relief taking advantage of UK opportunity to increase their buying power through pur chase of the began using them for county commodi ties lias announced that commodities no longer will be issued out of his office except to hot lunch All except ablebodied relief cli ents are eligible to buy federal food cif ftocent and 25 cent Armed Objector Is Arrested Peaceably WEST April 2 who had threatened to shoot it out with anyone who attempted to arrest him fur failing to report to his selective service was arrested today by three Fede ral Bureau of Information Employing peaceful suasion the agents gained access to Carhurls hillside cabin earlier in the LIGHTNING KILLS 18 April A thunderbolt which struck a church al Malallur killed IX In dian Christians and severely burn ed dispatch from Krnakulam Cat Loses Life in Ship Sinking 290 Persons Rescued April i lost its life when a large British merchant shio carrying refugees from the Far was sunk in the At lantic last Saturday by torpe The 2M survivors and three kittens were picked up by R Uniteel Stales naval vessel after the torpedoing and brought t
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