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Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - June 27, 1966, Ada, Oklahoma Zn one generation, we have learned to fly through the sky like birds, swim through the seas like fish and plumb the depths of the earth like ancient gods. But when will we learn to walk the earth like men? THE ADA EVENING NEWS 63RD YEAR NO. 91 ADA, OKLAHOMA, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1966 IO PAGES 5 CENTS WEEKDAY, IO CENTS SUNDAY Meredith Ends Long March To Jackson, Declares White Supremacy Is Dead JACKSON, Miss. (AP) - The long and turbulent Mississippi march has ended with James H. Meredith — who started it as a “journey against fear” — saying the “governor and every other person is going to pay attention to the Negro. “The system of white supremacy will reign no longer,” Meredith told a heavily guarded rally behind the imposing State Capitol Building Sunday. Some 16,000 persons, most of them Negroes, flowed through Jackson streets to jam into a portion of the Capitol grounds and adjacent areas. The final leg of the march — from Tougaloo College on the outskirts of Jackson to the Capitol — and the rally were marked by a subdued atmosphere. Meredith, 33-year-old Air Force veteran, led the procession with a number of national civil rights leaders, including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Meredith drew the greatest response from the crowd, which couldn't hear half of what was said from the flatbed truck which served as a speaker's platform. Meredith said his father, now dead, told him most white persons “are pretty decent. Ifs true that we got some mean white folks in Mississippi, but these people can be decent. “There is only one thing that is holding them back. And that thing is the system of white supremacy. “The purpose of the march that I started three weeks ago was to point up and to challenge that thing at the base of the system of white supremacy. That Meredith recuperated from his wounds in New York, where he is a law student at Columbia University. He returned Friday, triumphantly leading a column down U.S. 51 from Canton to Tougaloo College. Meredith walked at the front of Sunday's final procession for a while. He had to drop out and ride ahead in an auto because his leg, still not healed from the birdshot wounds, began swelling. Some of the marchers chanted “black power” — the theme I emphasized by the more mili-itant civil rights forces partici-| pating in the crusade. I As Sunday's column passed through a white residential sec-! tion, a white man in the march shouted out to spectators, “Hel-! lo friends.” “Friends, hell,” a white woman on a sidewalk yelled back. | At the Capitol, King, who I heads the Southern Christian | Leadership Conference, said the ' rally “brings to a majestic close I our long and turbulent trip ! through the state of Mississippi. It is the greatest demonstration for freedom in the state of Mississippi to date.” He hailed Meredith, saying, “It was his bravely, his majestic scorn of crippling fear that originated this march.” Among the whites joining the final day’s procession were AFL-CIO Vice President Walter P. Reuther and Justice Michael Musmanno of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. There were no serious incidents reported along the eight-mile route. Some 2,000 whites clustered near the Capitol, impassively watching the rally. They included 50 Ku Klux Klansmen wearing green pants and shirts, with white ties and white belts. “We just came down here to make sure these niggers don’t cause any trouble,” said a leader, who declined to give his name. “If they don’t, we won’t.” The man said his Klan group was the Black Knights of the Green Forest. American flags fluttered in the hands of many marchers. At Tougaloo, Willie Ricks, a militant leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, went down the line of marchers and took American flags from those who would surrender them. The Rev. John Morris, an Atlanta, Ga., Episcopalian priest, tried to stop Ricks. Then one of King’s aides took the flags from Ricks, handing them back to the marchers. “Those are our flags,” he said loudly. , It was Ricks who repeatedly called during the 22-day trek for a black power crusade and threatened to kill whites. ☆ ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆ ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆☆☆ 'Black Power!' Is New Cry In Civil Rights Movement thing is fear - a fear that grips . , . ’ f Mi the Negro in America to his cnant e " loes 51111 lrom tne Mls JACKSON. Miss. (AP) — AI became the rallying cry sudden-1 deepened the philosophical rift; that talked of power, violence the civil rights move- and disorders. Survey Says Viets Believe War Is Ours WASHINGTON (AP) - A limited survey of popular attitudes in government-controlled areas of South Vietnam indicates people there tend to regard the war as an American war, officials report. U.S. experts who conducted the survey say there also is a tendency to rely chiefly on the Americans to bring back peace and find answers to South Vietnam’s economic and other problems. There seems to be a downswing in popular confidence in the ability of the Saigon government to handle effectively the various problems facing South Vietnam, the survey indicated. The sampling of Vietnamese views was understood to have been small and was taken in connection with a study of trends in the morale of the Communist Viet Cong. After interrogating some 200 people, mostly Viet Cong defectors and prisoners, U.S. analysts said they detected what seemed to be a growing feeling of hopelessness among some elements of the Viet Cong. The analysts reported evidence that Viet Cong morale has become fragile. They said there were signs that the combat effectiveness of some Communist units had declined. In other weekend developments related to Vietnam: —Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield expressed hope in an interview that U.N. Secretary-General U Thant may be able to interest Soviet leaders in Vietnam peace talks during his planned trip to Moscow. Mansfield also said French President Charles de Gaulle's current visit to the Soviet Union might result in a move toward neutralization of Southeast Asia — a move he said the United States should welcome. —Undersecretary of State George W. Ball, appearing on the NBC television-radio program “Meet the Press,” denied that the United States has decided to bomb oil storage depots near the North Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Haiphong. But he refused to shut the door on this possibility in the future. John A. Gronouski, U.S. ambassador to Poland, in a copyright interview' in U.S. News & World Report, said his discussions with representatives of Red China have not produced great progress toward reducing tensions between the two countries. But, he added, “these talks are important” because “they provide a forum for discussing a whole series of issues that confront both nations, in Southeast Asia particularly, but also throughout the world.” —Secretary of State Dean Rusk said that although North Vietnam probably will reject U Thant's proposals for mutual reduction of military action, the Hanoi regime is having “second thoughts about the prospects of succeeding in South Vietnam.” And despite many contacts with Hanoi, Rusk said, no peace overtures have been made by the North Vietnam government. He gave his views in a prerecorded r a d i o-television broadcast with Rep. Frank Horton, R-N.Y. —Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R-N. Y., predicted the Vietnam war will not be a major campaign issue in November unless President Johnson “falls on his face” trying to get a civilian government in South Vietnam. very bones, not only in Mississippi, but in every section of this country, because every inch of the country is controlled by the^ system of white su P r ema-cy. Meredith recalled that he was shot on the second day of his march “but as you can see here, that didn’t end a thing.” Meredith began the trek June 5 at Memphis, Tenn., 225 miles north of Jackson. He was wounded by a blast of birdshot from a shotgun, the first day near Hernando, Miss., after covering 27 miles. A white man, Aubrey Norvell, of Memphis, was charged with attempted murder and is free on a $25,000 bond in the case. King and other national civil rights figures rushed in to take up the marathon mission, turning it into a Negro voter registration crusade. They led the marchers off U.S. 51 — the route planned by Meredith — and meandered through the heavily Negro populated delta area. The trek covered 252 miles on the highways, many more inside such Mississippi towns as Batesville, Grenada, Greenwood, Itta Bena, and Belzoni. A side trip by auto to Philadelphia for a rally unleashed violence and a task force from the mardi returned to the east-central Mississippi town last Friday for a two-mile walk to the courthouse under heavy police guard. There was also violence at Canton, where the marchers were dispersed by police tear gas when they tried to set up tents on a school yard which authorities had forbidden them to use. sissippi civil rights march, voicing clearly the Negro’s disillusionment with past methods and ly after the march had been in progreTS for nearly two weeks. This was the slogan that more than anything struck responsive his growing belief that political ; chords. The eagerness with strength holds the key to his which the Negro masses seized I upon the word disconcerted the “Black power! Black power!”(more conservative leaders. It within ment. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who got into the march against the advice of a key associate, found himself fighting for control against a militant faction King, in the end, maintained his dominant role among the leadership but recognized the changing mood of Negroes. He defended nonviolence in integration but quit talking about new federal legislation — apparently no one was interested. The march, from all indications, stirred many Negroes to action. Hundreds flocked to voter registration offices; they joined in rallies and trudged doggedly down the pavement. In contrast to the Alabama march of 1965, the Mississippi march touched the masses with a message of hope and self-respect. The Alabama march had a single purpose — to get a federal voting rights law enacted. While the Mississippi demonstration gave considerable emphasis to a proposed law now in OFFICERS — These are the new officials for tho Fraternal Order of Police, elected at their state convention this past weekend in Ada. Left to right, they are Larry Coulson, Tulsa, immediate past president; Homer Gosnell, Ada, first vice president; J. R. Palmer, Muskogee, the new president; Bob Oliver, McAlester, treasurer; Ralph White, Stillwater, conductor; George Mitchell, Lawton, secretary, and Bob Sharp, Ponca City, parliamentarian.—(NEWS Staff Photo) Dodd Swears Charges False WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. Thomas J. Dodd made a sworn denial of misconduct charges today and accused trusted employes in his office, who fed documents from his files to newspaper columnists, of “robbing me blind.” Dodd took the stand in his own defense at a climactic session of the Senate Ethics Committee hearings into the misconduct charges. Before Dodd testified, his attorney had asked that the committee’s ranking Republican member, Sen. Wallace Bennett of Utah be disqualified for having made “a prejudgment before hearing the most vital evidence — the testimony of Sen. Dodd himself.” The request was tabled. The committee also heard Mrs. Dodd swear that it was she, not Chicago public relations man Julius Klein, who bought Persian rugs now in the Dodd Washington home. Papers she identified as receipts for the Navy Bombers Blast Huge Viet Fuel Dump SAIGON, South Vietnam I Twelve hours after the strike (AP) — U.S. Navy bombers by twin-jet A6 Intruders from turned a large North Vietnam-1 the carrier Constellation the ese fuel dump into an inferno strategic oil stores were still that threw up billows of black engulfed in flames, Navy recon-smoke visible for 150 miles naissance pilots said. The target away at sea, an American was a fuel storage area 35 miles spokesman reported today. 'northeast of Vinh and 160 miles Emphysema Tied To Smoking In Chicago Tests CHICAGO (AP) - Emphy- E sema, a lung disease with a = death rate increasing faster in = the United States than that of | = any other single disease, hasj= been produced experimentally!^ in cigarette-smoking dogs, a I= medical research team reported = today. Ii At two smoking sessions dai- E ly, for more than a year, the E dogs inhaled cigarette smoke I through hollow plastic tubes ± inserted in their windpipes. = In a report to the general sci-! g entific session of the annual = meeting of the American Medi-:= cal Association, the researchers Ie said: g “The inhalation of smoke di- ll reedy from cigarettes by dogs E causes destruction of lung tissue i§ indistinguishable pathologically f from that found in human em- ;= physema.” In The U.S. Public Health Serv- rn ice has reported that the death ll rate for emphysema increased g six-fold between 1953 and 1963. I The Tobacco Institute Inc., in : §§ commenting on the study, said E the smoking method used “is I not at all comparable to human I smoking conditions. The method Ii was highly artificial and stress- i fill, and the exposure to smoke = was enormously exaggerated. ; = Therefore, the results cannot be = interpreted as having any rela- I tion to the possible effects of I human smoking. e The study was headed by Dr. ii Oscar Aurebach of die Veterans I Administration Hospital, East I Orange, N.J., and E. Cuyler I I Hammond, American Cancer Society. south of Hanoi. I recent air attacks. | The allied force painstakingly U.S. military men said the I Immediately after letting I pursued the camouflaged North raid—one of 68 missions against I loose their heavy bombardment, j Vietnamese — about 600 of the Communist North Sunday— j pilots of the low-level jets radi- j more men — in small units, was a particularly successful oed they saw huge explosions I making sporadic contact with accompanied by thick black them. So far, 395 Communists smoke. One flier banked sharp-j have been reported killed in the eight-day-old operation. Nineteen Communists and 141 weap- blow at North Vietnam’s vital fuel reserves. These stores have been the target of Intensified j ly to avoid a glowing orange ±\ i ii mTmlTnTiTfi I ii inn f iTmTil mTniiii im 1111 ii i ii iii i ii ii ii ii un i ii i iii i i i iii * fireball at 3,000. ~ "An entire hill erupted, Blind Leads Blind DETROIT (AP) — Hesitancy at the end of the leash told Jack McAdams, 23, something was wrong. It turned out, the blind was leading the blind. McAdams’ dog, Dell, was guiding him through downtown Detroit streets on a rainy April day when he sensed indecision on the dog’s part. A veterinarian discovered that Dell, a 7-year-old Doberman Pinscher, was as blind as her master and had been leading him “on instinct and guts alone.” Dell had cataracts, a malady common to both humans and dogs. The lenses of her eyes were so fogged she barely could distinguish light from darkness. Fortunately dogs have a second set of lenses, though an operation to remove the defective set costs $350. And no one could promise McAdams what the results of the operation would be. McAdams had trained Dell since she was a puppy. He felt he just couldn’t let her down. A short-wave radio operator, McAdams told other hams about his and Dell’s plight. The operation money rolled in and there was transportation to take Dell to a clinic. Two weeks ago Dr. William Magrane of Mishawaka, Ind., removed Dell’s clouded lenses. Thursday the stitches inside her eyelids were removed. Dell had trouble shaking off effects of the anesthetic, because she is a canine diabetic. It was discovered three years ago the dog was a diabetic, but she takes her insulin quite obligingly. “I shout, ‘Here Dell, time for your shot,” and she comes trotting up,” McAdams said. “My mother gives her the needle. We have never had any trouble.” But after the eye operation, “she lay there for hours, like she was dead,” said Oneite Robinson, McAdams’ mother and a nurse at Doctors Hospital, who made Dell her special patient through the dog’s ordeal. Mrs. Robinson says Dell is starting to look better. “Her coat is coming back and she is beginning to scamper around the house again.” McAdams knows Dell can see again, even without a veterinarian's assurance. He can feel a more confident tug on the leash. “Right after the vet took out her stitches, she placed her paw in my hand for a handshake. She must be able to see again. She put her paw in the right place.” an_ = other pilot said. H j While the air blows were E being dealt against the North, I U.S. pilots killed an estimated I 70 Communists, destroyed 460 I buildings and hit 36 river sam-=I pans in South Vietnam, spokes-= man said. II On the ground, U.S. Marines E and Vietnamese troops went E after the remnants of a battal- I ion of North Vietnamese regu-| Jars and hard-core guerrillas in J tunnels and bunkers northwest II of Hue. The Leathernecks counted 66 enemy bodies, took four E North Vietnamese regulars pris-E oners and captured 37 E weapons, a spokesman reported I in Saigon. ons have been spokesman added. captured, a County Soldiers Graduate From Division OCS Ten Pontotoc County citizen soldiers were among the 233 officer candidates who received their diplomas Sunday from the Oklahoma National Guard Officer Candidate School. Ceremonies were conducted at Oklahoma City. Among the graduates were: Billy E. Carper, Richard W. Marine officers at the battle Davenport, Richard P. Hackler, H scene estimated the relentless | U.S. air and artillery fire may E have cost the lives of 300 Com-E munists, or about half the ene-ijmy force. U.S. 7th Fleet ships 11 offshore joined in the barrage, gj Down the coast, eight U.S. HI Army men were killed when two ^ helicopters collided near Tuy ±Hoa, 230 miles northeast of Sai-Ijgon, as the bulk of the U.S. 1st E Cavalry, Airmobile, Division I j went into action in Operation I j Nathan Hale against a tough I North Vietnamese battalion. El Maj. Gen. John Norton, the E cavalry commander, took overfall command when his rein-fforcements joined elements of = the 101st Airborne Division, II Marines and several Vietnam-E ese battalions in the expanding 11 drive. ll The new spearhead into the z; I Trang Luong area north of Tuy =;Hoa took place during a visit Sunday by Gen. William C. Westmoreland, commander of U. S. forces in Vietnam. He I WMW Byron L. Hawkins, Richard K. Hudson, Benny E. Johnson, Gary G. Joiner and Walter P. Spears, all of Ada, and George D. and Kennedy W. Brown, both of Stonewall. Kennedy Brown was the winner of the 45th Division’s tactics award, one of four honors given at the ceremonies. Others honored: Calvin E. Koonce, Minco, Erickson Trophy of the National Guard Association and the U. S. Army leadership award; John Niles, Guthrie, American Legion Honor Graduate Watch; George E. Hayes, Noble, U. S. Army leadership award. Other graduates from this general area: Alfred D. Payne, Jerry M. Payne and Terry S. Ward. Sulphur; Lewis D. Blevins, Tishomingo; Lary E. Kennedy, Stringtown; and Ronald L. Boles, William M. Haynie, Dennis W. Huggins, Larry F. Rudolf and Earl Umsted Jr., Durant. Speaker for the graduation traveled by light plane and heli-, was Judge Fred A. Daugherty, copter in his first battlefield Oklahoma City, a retired major tour since his return from con ferences in Hawaii Thursday. general and immediate past commander of the 45th Division. Ada Women Hurt Today In Mishap Close To Clinic Two Ada women, employes of Sugg Clinic, suffered minor injuries this morning when they were struck by a pickup as they were crossing an alley near the clinic. Eva Layne, 63, North Mississippi, and Lois Scoggin, 812 North Stockton, were treated and released. Both sustained bruises but were apparently not seriously injured. Police said Robert Leard Ellison, Route 4, Ada, was driving out of the alley next to the County Health Department, half a block from the clinic; the women were walking west toward the clinic. The pickup struck Mrs. Layne, walking on the inside, and threw her against her companion. Police charged Ellison with failure to yield right-of-way to pedestrians. The accident happened at 7:55 a. rn. In Municipal Court Monday, five persons pleaded guilty to charges of public drunkenness and were fined. They were Leonard Leon Ryles, $20; John Granville Parker, $20; Naomi Faye Pickens, $14; Samuel D. Rowe, $20; and Joshua Thomas, $20. ^11 l l I lll lfl ll I lllllili|illlil!|j|j|ll!l!|j|!l!f lilllllSI I lililllilif^ | Progress | I SAN FRANCISCO (AP) | i —Laser beams may be rn I the garbage disposer of rn | the future says the mer- rn H chaneling manager of g § the appliance division of J s General Electric Co. f§ s David C. McDermand I g said about tile laser beam: I I “It won’t grind, it won’t I g mulch, it won’t bum. It I I will simply utterly and I rn absolutely disintegrate rn rn any substance placed in rn = its path.” rn m He said a laser garbage rn I disposer was possible rn rn within 20 years. I mmmmmrnmmmmmmamS rugs were given to the committee. Dodd, white-haired Connecticut Democrat, acknowledged that several times a year he had used the New York hotel suite of Klein, a registered agent for West German interests. “I’m not a rich man,” the 59-year-old senator said. “I’m not ashamed of it, I wish I was.” He went on to say he accepted Klein’s “hospitality” and was “glad to have a place to stay.” Dodd denied he ever delivered any speeches written by Klein and testified a 1964 trip he made to Germany was to conduct an investigation for the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee — not to help Klein hang onto clients there. He testified the only German official he recalled discussing Klein with on his 1964 trip was former Chancellor Konrad Adenauer — and he said it was Adenauer who brought up tile subject. The senator was bitter in his denunciation of former employes who removed thousands of documents from his files and turned over copies to columnists who used them for a series of columns accusing the senator of misconduct. He referred specifically to James P. Boyd, Jr., his former administrative assistant, and Michael O’Hare, his former office manager—both of them testified against his earlier in the hearings. “They were robbing me blind, and never had the manhood to come and tell me if they were dissatisfied,” Dodd said. The senator said that in January he had called O’Hare into his office, told him someone must be stealing documents from the files and asked him if he had any idea who was doing it. O’Hare told him he didn’t, Dodd said. “He lied in his teeth, and he is the witness who sat here the other day telling his story,” Dodd said. Describing his meeting with Adenauer, Dodd said the chancellor brought up the question of Klein “in his fashion.” Dodd said he told Adenauer that Klein had not been convicted or indicted for any crime, but that he committee had just been making an inquiry into the activities of foreign agents. Johnson Ordered Bound Over For Murder Trial Claude Johnson, 23, charged with murder in connection with the April shooting of Floyd Leon Mills, 32, Atoka, was bound over to District Court after preliminary hearing before County Judge Fred Andrews Monday morning.' Johnson, a former Pontotoc countian, is accused of killing Mills, an Atoka construction worker, near Center, sometime during the last week in April. Mill’s body was found May I by a search party of local officers, after Johnson had been arrested on another charge in Del Rio, Tex. Congress, it’s real significance lies in its triggering response among Negroes in Mississippi. Today’s Negroes are not concerned about legislation. They talk about bread on the table, money in their pockets, and Negro officeholders in the towns and counties. 'Die march emphasized deepening resentment of what is considered by some Negro leaders to be inaction by the federal government and particularly President Johnson in implementing the major civil rights laws enacted in tile past two years. The man who started the marathon march, James H. Meredith, said he had set out to help Negroes overcome their fears. Perhaps he did to some extent. The march disclosed a new mood of belligerence among Negroes, a growing frustration over conditions and widespread rejection of nonviolence. Developments during the long, tortuous trek over miles of Mississippi highways and streets indicated that many Negroes have indeed lost their fears of reprisals for civil rights activities. Negroes fought back when attacked by whites in Philadelphia, Miss. A Negro man had to be forcibly restrained during a dispute with state highway patrolmen in Belzoni. Significantly, the developments confirmed a statement made two months ago by Stoke-ly Carmichael, national chairman of the radical Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. “Integration is irrelevant,” he said. This attitude prevailed among Negroes interviewed along the march route. Mother, Baby Survive Two-Day Mountain Ordeal SEATTLE, Wash. (AP)^ “Her courage and initiative saved our baby’s life,” says the husband of a young mother who managed to keep her 2-month-old baby and herself alive for two days in a plane wreckage on a cold, snowy mountain. Loren Little, 24-year-old University of Washington medical student, spoke with pride as he told of the ordeal his wife, Karla, 25, underwent to save herself and their daughter, Laurie. Mrs. Little’s father and stepmother died in the crash on the snow-covered side of 9,671-foot Mt. St. Helens. Mrs. Little suffered a broken back, broken ribs, a collapsed lung and frostbitten feet. Doctors reported she was resting comfortably in a hospital today. Her daughter has only a bruised forehead. Little said his wife, who was rescued Saturday, recalled the ordeal clearly. It began when Mrs. Little and her daughter were picked up in a rented plane by her father, Grant Erickson, 49, an executive of a radio supply company in Sioux Falls, S.D., and his wife. They planned to fly to Norwalk, Calif., for the golden wedding anniversary of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ray Erickson. “I was supposed to go with them,” Little said. “At the last minute I changed my mind.” Flying south toward Portland, Ore., Thursday the four ran into heavy weather. Mrs. Little thinks a wingtip struck the rocky side of the mountain. Erickson crash-landed the craft on a ledge at the 5,500-foot level. He and his wife were killed. Little, describing his father-in-law as a “very cautious pilot, a sensible flier,” noted that the last reports from the plane had its altitude as 8,500 feet. He believes Erickson fought to bring the crippled craft to its crash landing at a much lower altitude, “probably saving the life of my wife mid child.”
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