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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - October 1, 1962, Ada, Oklahoma In the midst of the Mississippi mess, we suddenly recall words by Thomas Jefferson said governments exist by consent-of the governed, and m'ust be overthrown when they overstep the people's will... Background Roundup On Mississippi; See Page Six THE ADA EVENING NEWS Cougars Move Up In Grid Rankings; See Sports Page 8 59TH YEAR NO. 173 ADA, OKLAHOMA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1962 12 Pages 5 CENTS WEEKDAY, 10 CENTS SUNDAY MEREDITH ENROLLS AFTER ALL-NKHT RIOT Federal Marshals Arrest Walker- Guardsmen Fire On Young Rioters WASHINGTON (AP) Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy an- nounced the arrest today of former Army Maj. Gen. Edwin Walker on charges of inciting a rebellion or insurrection. Kennedy said Walker was arrested at a military roadblock near Oxford, Miss., and would be arraigned later today. OXFORD, Miss. ized Mississippi troops fired over the heads of an angry mob in the streets of Oxford today as a pitched battle broke out over in- tegration of the University ol Mississippi. Troops of the 108th Armored Cavalry, headquartered at near- by Tupelo, advanced with drawn bayonets and rifles at the ready as the rioters began firing. The encounter was about half a block off the town square which had been sealed off earlier. The soldiers bolted from their trucks on orders shouted by their officers and sprinted toward the firing. The battle garbed troops pushed the crowd steadily down the street away from the square, firing in the air. No one was in- jured. Dozens of rioters, mostly young boys with shirttails'out, were be- ing rounded up. At least 30 and possibly more were herded into gas, and bayonets fixed to rifles. Remnants of the crowd gathered about a half.block away shortly before the firing broke out. Military jeeps raced.around the littered square, rushing to trou- the federal courthouse on the.ble spots. Drizzling rain, alternat- square. !ed with sunshine, fall on the town Prisoners were forced to place I but failed to cool the wrath of the their hands over their heads and I mob. were marched at bayonet point to Medics set up a first aid sta- the courthouse. The latest rioting came after former Maj. Gen. Edwin Walker had appeared in the in a dark blue suit and wearing a 10-gallon hat.' He stayed in the square brief- ly, spoke quietly to some of those in the crowd nearest the troops, and then backed off as military eyes watched him closely. The battle left a block of litter and debris. The same youths, along with 100 earlier had been cleared from the square after cursing, screaming, and throwing rocks carrying soldiers blocked all routes into the square. The trouble, which had been building up for hours as tensions mounted here, flared into the open when a unit .of soldiers, in- cluding a large percentage of Negroes, marched through .the square. Youths, carrying six-pack car- tons of empty-soft drink bottles, began tossing the bottles at the soldiers. Several struck their tar- gets. The angry crowds" hurled epi- thets and insults at the soldiers, who then marched and counter- marched around the square until reinforcements arrived. Nearly all business establish- were practically deserted except ments around the large square, in for rioters, soldiers and newsmen., the heart of this Deep South town, Negro troops, in particular, j ciosed and locked their 'doors, were the objects of the crowd's About one block south of the ;tion beside the town's ancient Confederate war memorial and troops, who began clearing .the streets placed a pile of debris near the gray statue. Life in the usually, sleepy Southern town was at a standstill. Almost all businesses failed to open this morning and the streets wrath. I square, many young men, wno ap- The demonstrators were in sev-Ipeared not to be natives of eral groups. All together totaled several hundred. and bottles at passing military1 The military police hurled at least two tear gas grenade's to disperse the crowd from the vehicles. They were driven from the square by MP's armed with tear square. Then, a ring of bayonet- at the inter- sections of state Routes 6 and 7, principal arteries through town. They hurled bricks at nearly every car that tried to run the gauntlet. Dock Strike Hits Atlantic, Gulf Ports NEW YORK men quit work on Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports today after their contract expiredrwithin 10 hours, President Kennedy invoked the Taft-Hartley Act in an attempt to end the work stoppage. The presidential action, the first step in Taft-Hartley machinery, appeared to be the only immedi- ate likelihood of bringing the un- ionized longshoremen back to docks from .New England to Tex- as. Prospects for quick agreement on a new work contract seemec remote. The White House said Kennedy would create a board of inquiry to report to him by Thursday on the nature and scope of the work stoppage. On the basis of the board's report, the President will decide whether to order the usual SO-day cooling off period. Former President Dwight D. Ei- senhower, during his administra- tion, used a Taft-Hartley injunc- tion to halt a waterfront strike that tied up more than 200 Amer- ican-flag ships for a week. The AFL-CIO International Weather Threatens Schirra's Orbiting CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) Chances of astro- naut.Walter M. Schirra Jr. making his projected six-orbit flight on Wednesday were listed at 50-50 today because of weather threats. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration reported at a weather briefing that the main concern was tropical storm Daisy, whose winds were taking dead aim at the area in the Atlantic where Schirra would land if his flight were Longshoremen's ILA ordered Association its mem- bers off the job as of a.m., when the union's old contract ex- pired with 145 shipping firms. William V. Bradley, ILA presi- dent, issued a midnight statement from the union's New York head- quarters, saying: "The mandate of our membership of 'no con- tract, no work' is now in effect. "There is to be no work per- formed on the waterfront from Sooner Gal Wants To Go Into Orbit CLEVELAND (AP) A plea for the United States to put the first woman astronaut into space was made here Sunday by Miss Jerrie Cobb, a candidate for the job. Miss Cobb said in a television appearance that a woman in space would show there is "one thing terminated after three or- bits. NASA also said a cold front moving toward Florida from the Gulf of Mexico could bring clouds __ to the Cape Canaveral launching j area on Wednesday morning. The! ,e who set their own re launch now 1S scheduled for be- jtiremcnt programs. The President tween 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. that day. has not indicated wnether he wUl Congressmen Fear Session Will Go On WASHINGTON (AP) Several "ifs" today beclouded hopes of the 87th Congress to adjourn for'keeps by the end of this week. There was a feeling of pessim-j ism that what already has been the longest session .since 1951 might carry over into next week. The White House held the main key to hopes of Congress before the November congressional elec- tions. Many members already lave left Washington. On President Kennedy's desk is bill passed overwhelmingly by the Senate and the House to pro- GIFT and Mrs. Raymond Miller here move one of the tables'presented them by Adans for the new wing of the Ada Citadel, 123 North Oak. The expansion building program is almost complete but the new rooms', classrooms, activity, room and kitchen are Captain-and-MrSi-Miller-feel confident these necessities will forthcoming before Dedication Day set October Rooms Are Empty But Plans Go On For Dedication Rites A Pacific typhoon, Dinah, was written off as a threat. Officials had been keeping an eye on this sign it or veto it. The deadline for presidential action extends into'next week. system southeast of Japan butj The bill's backers have ways of we can do before the Russians, sixth orbits. said today that it was moving far away from the Pacific impact areas for the fourth, fifth and She was the first of 13 women A space agency spokesman said candidates for the space role Mercury director, be given a battery of tests by wniiams, was taking a National "Aeronautics and Space Administration. The tests were similar to those given the mer- cury spacemen. Miss Cobb, from Oklahoma City and Ponca City, Okla., said put- ting a woman into space would be advantageous from a scientific and practical standpoint because women weigh less, eat less and need less oxygen. That means they could go higher or stay long- er than men, she explained. She also contended that worn- cautious look at the weather. An- other weather briefing was sched- uled for 4 p.m. Daisy boiled up Sunday 420 miles east of Puerto Rico packing winds up to 50 miles an hour in the center. Peak winds fell to prolonging the session until the deadline arrives. There still is a lot of work on the congressional docket but it can be disposed of quickly if ad- journment fever sets in and a def- inite get-away date is sighted. A possible roadblock to adjourn- ment is a water proj- ects authorization bill which caused a blowup in the House Public Works Committee last Fri- day. Traditionally known as the "pork Barrel" bill, the measure contains items of interest to many By WENONAH RUTHERFORD Climaxing an expansion build- ing program which has span- ned almost two years will be dedication ceremonies October 21 at the Ada Salvation Army Citadel. From now until then though it is hoped that the new addition can be completely furnished. Captain Raymond Miller says 90 folding chairs are needed and at least three more tables. Also dishes, and furnishings for the new kitchen are needed. Re- cently 'two Adans each gave three tables. Funds to build the new addi- tion have been exhausted, and the new rooms will be useless bare. In October, 1959, the Salvation Army here burned the mortgage on the Citedel, located at 123 North Oak. Paying off all in- debtedness was made possible by the generous gifts of Ada and area folk and the legacy of the late Harry M. Kirkland, Oklahoma City. He was a sales- man for a pharmaceutical house and lived simply, almost fru- gally. His closest friends were' unaware of his influence. Ada shared in this gift, with the stipulation that each gift dollar be matched. The legacy funds were under the direction of Commander, Lt. Melvin Moore. With this as a start he launched program at the an expansion Citadel. United Nations Flag Rises Over New Guinea about 45 miles overnight, but as I members of Congress who would Maine to Brownsville, Tex., until en are'able to do monotonous! a favorable contract is signed." Negotiations collapsed Saturday between the ILA and the New York Shipping Association, the employers' group here, after weeks of fruitless bargaining. In an effort to clear ship car- goes before the longshoremen's work stoppage, more than of them labored at overtime wage rates Saturday and Sunday at 52 New York harbor piers. The longshoremen's action stopped all operations at Gulf Coast ports where pickets were posted initially at both Houston and Galveston, Tex. Pickets also were ordered posted in New Or- leans, ILA officials there said. The employers had sought to have from ILA work gangs their present reduced 20-man strength to smaller groups of from 8 to 15. The union demanded wage in- tasks better than men, require less stimulation and are less sus- ceptible to heart attack and ra- diation damage. She acknowledged, however, that designing a space suit for women would "present a few en- gineering problems." creases over hourly rate. the current There is. a new perfume for sale that has a secret ingredient makes a man think he can sup- pqrt a Gen. Fea. Corp.) Longtime Judge Is Dead; Rites Are Held Today Services for W. B. Thornbrough, Coal County judge for 25 years, were at p.m. Monday in the First Baptist Church of Coalgate. The body lay in state at the church from a.m. until 3.m. Monday. Rev. Vernal West, jastor, officiated at the services. Burial was in the Coalgate ceme- it did it created stormy seas over a wide area. On its present west-northwest course, and 12-mile speed, Daisy could produce high waves and cloud conditions over the impact area for orbit No. 3 by the sched- uled launch day. This area is 175 miles east of Grand Turk Island and 200 miles north 'of Puerto Rico. Almost perfect weather is a must in possible landing zones be- fore the launching will be attempted. Schirra kept in close contact with weather developments from his quarters in Hangar S at !ape Canaveral, where he is spending the final days before the flight. be reluctant to go home without its enactment. (Continued on Page Two) to partly cloudy this afternoon through Tuesday; a little cooler -this afternoon; low tonight high Tuesday 68 northeast to 76 southwest. High temperature in Ada Sun- day was 81; low Sunday night, 50; reading at 7 a.m. Monday, 50. Rainfall during the period ending at 7 a. m. Monday, .02 inch. HOLLANDIA, New Guinea (AP) centuries of Dutch colon- ial rule in Asia ended today with the raising of the United Nations flag over West New Guinea in a prelude to Indonesian takeover of the rugged jungle territory May 1. and the" Netherlands nesia threatened to take the terri- tory by force. The Dutch had held on to West New Guinea in 1949 when Indonesia won sovereignty over the rest of the prewar Dutch East Indies. With the help of a group of unselfish and untiring citizens, the new building is about to' reach completion now under the. competent direction of Captain and Mrs. Raymond Miller. The building houses a large activity room with sound proof accordion partitions when closed makes four nice class rooms. Then there are three individual class rooms, a nursery, a kitch- en and a pantry. The old chapel and offices have received a new paint job. There are 127 enrolled in the school. The rooms are bare. after Indo-i There is an "rgent need for 1 sturdy tables and chairs. If one hasn't had a part in this com- munity project, this .-is a real The U.N. flag was hoisted! Administration of New Guinea alongside the Dutch flag over the j was handed over by acting Gov. former Dutch governor's palace jHain Veldkamp to Jose Rolz-Ben- under an agreement providing for net of Guatemala, temporary U.N, U.N. administration of the terri- tory for the next seven months. The United Nations, with the backing of a security force, will try' to main- among the Papuan until Indonesia tain order inhabitants- moves in. The two-stage transfer, devised administrator. A flag-raising ceremony in Hol- landia's public plaza was can- celled to avoid provoking Papu- ans. Loss of New Guinea leaves the Netherlands with only two over- seas territories' the relatively rich South American territory of by U.S. diplomat Ellsworth Bunk- Surinam, or Guiana, er, was agreed on by Indonesia Netherlands Antilles opportunity. If one wishes .to make a contribution or has some furnishings which would be suitable, call Captain Miller or Mrs. Miller at FE 2-1377. Or better still, go by and see the new addition and see the' needs. Colonel George H. Marshall, who before his retirement in 1961 served as Chief Secretary of The Salvation Army's South- ern Territory, second in com- mand of all Salvation Army service throughout the Southern States, the District of Columbia and Mexico, will dedicate the and the new addition to the Citadel on I October 21. Russians Snub Red Chinas Anniversary tery. Mr. Thornbrough died Friday in an Ada hospital. He was born in Clinton, Tenn, November 14, 1888 and served as Coal County judge from 19S1 until 1949, and again from 1952 until 1959, when he retired. He also had served as adviser to the registrant of the Coal County Selective Service since 1940. He leaves the wife, Sue, Coal- (Continued on Two) TOKYO (AP) The Soviet Union snubbed Red China's mas- sive 13th anniversary celebration today, underlining the continuing rift between the giats of commu- lism. More than persons marched through the Square of Heavenly Peace in Peiping, but not a single Soviet official of im- portance sat in the reviewing a purge of some size is continu- ing. The People's Daily, official or- gan of the party, said "in the past the class struggle our people experienced at home and internationally has been axtreme- ly complicated and acute." The ideological dispute dividing Red China and the Soviet Union was aggravated last week by the stand with Chinese leader of Soviet President Leonid Tze-tung. Evidence of continuing tension in Peiping's relations with Mos- cow was coupled with admissions of shortcomings and mistakes on Ihe home front-r-and a hint that Brezhnev to Yugoslavia, a con- stant target of Chinese Commu- nist criticism. Premier Chou En-lai in a speech Sunday night lumped "modern revisionists" appar- ently meaning Yugoslav President Tito and perhaps Soviet Premier with the i United States, imperialists and re-j actionaries who he said were try-' ing to isolate Red China and force her to change her policies. Chou said such a campaign would never succeed. The attack continued today in the keynote speech of Vice Pre- mier-Foreign Minister Chen Yi in Peiping's Red Square. He called for unity in a struggle against "U.S. imperialist policies of ag- gression and an apparent dig at what Peiping considers a soft Soviet policy of peaceful co- existence with the West. Khrushchev sent the usual tele- gram of congratulations, but he boycotted a rally in Moscow. On domestic matters Chou.En- lai told a.Peiping reception last night, "The serious natural disas- ters for the three consecutive years from 1958 to 1951 ..and the shortcomings and mistakes in our work have indeed caused us diffi- culties." The time of economic recovery was sounded by Chen Yi today, but he added "we are still-con- fronted with many difficulties. It would not be right to fail to see them." The speech made it clear that China, beset by food .shortages, is still in the grip' of hard times. The .People's Daily, while it did not use the-word purge, indicated that the country has been shaken for the.past year by a severe struggle "against enemies at home and abroad." This echoed a communique from the Chinese Communist party Central- Committee which acknowledged continuing resist- ance to the regime by "a tiny fraction of the total population." U.S. Troops Break Up Demonstration; 2 Men Are Killed OXFORD, Miss. (AP) The University of Missis- sippi enrolled James H. Meredith, a Negro, as a student today. His presence on campus had sparked night-long rioting in which two persons died. The 29-year-old Air Force veteran thus became' the first Negro knowingly admitted to Ole Miss in 114 years. It was not until a. m. CST today almost U hours after the rioting started that Brig. Gen. Charles Billingslea, commander of federal troops in Mississippi, was able to say, "I- now declare this area secure. Massed federal power using bayonets and tear gas forced the enrollment upon a bitter and stubborn state whose Gov. Ross Barnett Gov. Barnett indirectly gave up physical resistance Sunday in a public statement to his citizens. President Kennedy broadcast a na- tionwide appeal for public order. Riots Break Out Still, aroused students and the students, said gun-firing out- aiders exploded into wild disorder even as President Kennedy made his plea. Armed escorts either federal marshal or regular .troops took Meredith into the Lyceum, the aged administration building of' Ole Miss, about a. m. Because of the .Sabbath, University officials had refused to com- plete admission Sunday when Meredith first arrived on the Ole Miss campus. He had stayed in a dormitory overnight. The hills and woods of the Ole Miss campus didn't look today as they did when Meredith arrived. When Meredith went to be register- ed incredible litter clogged the campus streets the hulks of more than a half dozen burned out cars and trucks, the glittering shards soft drink bottles, expended gas shells, bricks and stones. Two had died, 20 had been injured, 93 had been arrested: Besides seven burned out cars and trucks, 20 other vehicles had been badly damaged. The bayonets and the tear gas and the riot sticks brought an uneasy recess m the rioting, but it took nine hours during which U S marshals were pinned down in the Lyceum and sniper bullets pinked dust from the red bricks of the century-old structure. Slowly the bayonets forced the rioters back, dispersing them final- Iy, into the woods and the dormitories of the 'MO-acre 'campus The actual act of registering Meredith as is done with a'll stu- dents at Ole Miss was performed by Registrar Robert Ellis, who did it under threat of contempt from the 5th U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans. Students Leave Campus At the five gates of the University, some students strode off camp- us, suitcases swinging at their sides. Whether they were quitting col- lege was undetermined. Other students walked aimlessly around the campus, the drive for education dissipated in the tension of trouble. They didn't talk much. They just walked and they looked at the unsightly remnants of a night of tragedy. Meredith's registration was a strange and eerie sight.. The Confederate flag the ancient banner of the South which foot- ball fans of the school wave at their football heroes on Saturdays hung at half staff in front of the Lyceum. Federal marshals, a bit the worse for wear after the night of shambles, surrounded the old Doric building. The only witnesses' to' an tostoric education event in this deep South bastian of segregation: were these marshals and a few newsmen. Meredith and his marshal escort got lost trying to locate his first' class as a light rain began falling. Impassioned students, yelling constantly, shouted: "You've got blood on your hands." "How's it feel to have blood on your "Nigger go home." Meredith Gets Escort A few minutes after Meredith and his escort circled the Lyceum and returned without finding the proper class building, Edward Guth- man, spokesman for the U.S. Justice Department, said: "Marshals will escort Meredith about the campus as long as nec- essary. They won't leave as long as he is in any danger." At least 40 marshals have been berthed at Baxter Hall, the camp- apartment building where Meredith was housed Sunday night. The government built up its strength during the night despite the lull in the disorder. An Army spokesman said regular troops now are in Oxford. That was nearly as many human beings as live in Oxford itself. The town's population is In a resurgence of violence, a group of men attacked Army jeeps as they drove around the campus area heaving rocks and bottles, (Continued on Page Two) Night Of Horror Ruins Memories Of Ole Miss OXFORD, Miss. can't jelieve this is happening at Ole a student told this report- ir as both watched the savage rioting that swept the campus last night A few minutes before, a co-ed bad said the same thing in almost he exact -words. And several more students did-'later. Along with their memories of college days among the trees of he University, of Mississippi cam- >us, the present generation of Ole Aiss students will have tojremem- jer a night of exposed hatreds and the stink of tear gas. It started because a Negro, 'ames H. Meredith, was on cam- )us, presumably to be registered as a student in the all-white uni- versity. The sight of Lyceum building, the original col- lege structure, built in 1848, ringed by marshals who wore gas masks a'nd carried a gortesque blend of battle alone was enough to .give the feeling of a bad dream. It got worse.' Heckling of the marshals in the early evening could have been only a dangerous- lark, a finale to a football weekend. The underlying emotions be- came explosive. Rocks and bricks, as well as" pop bottles began to fly. Most seriously of all, shots were fired, including some that seemed to come from well-positioned snipers. The sutdehts blame outside troublemakers for this extreme. Anyway, two jnen died.
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