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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - September 6, 1962, Ada, Oklahoma Gravity Of Sun Snares Mariner In Deep Space PASADENA, Calif; (AP) The sun's gravitational pull has captured the Venus-bound spacecraft Mariner 2. But there's no cause for planned it that way. At a point 1.6 million miles out in space Wednesday solar gravity became strong enough to overcome the earth's weakening pull on the 447-pound spacecraft. For the rest of its uncalculated .lifetime, Mariner 2 will be a tiny satellite of the sun: Scientific interest in it will cease next Dec. 14 when the 12-foot-tall vehicle streaks past Venus at a distance of miles. Is Life On Venus? Its scientific instruments, designed to help determine whether life could exist on the cloudy planet, then will be turned off and Mariner 2 will become another hunk of space junk orbiting the sun. Scientists at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where, Ma- riner 2 was built, calculated both the dwindling earth gravity and the increasing solar gravity in figuring its trajectory through space. Although traveling away from earth at about miles an'hour, the spacecraft is whizzing along an orbit around the sun at ten times that speed. Ship's Speed Increases In the coming weeks the pull of the sun will grow stronger and Mariner 2's speed will increase. By the; time it reaches the vicinity of Venus, the spacecraft will be going more than miles an hour along its orbit around the sun. In a sense, Mariner 2 now is falling, toward the sun but it will not plunge into the sun. Its speed will keep it moving in a giant egg-shaped orbit around the sun for years. The curving trajectory will take Mariner 2, launched from Cape Canaveral, Tla., Aug. 25, past the sunny side of Venus about noon Eastern Standard Time next Dec. 180-million-mile journey in less than four months. Instruments Probe Planet As it draws near the planet, radio signals from earth will switch on electronic devices to measure Venus' temperature and the makeup of its atmosphere. Scien- tists now believe the-planet may.be too de- grees fahrenheit on the support life, and that there is little if any oxygen in its atmosphere. After 30 minutes the instruments will be turned off and Mariner 2's scientific life will be officially ended. Meanwhile, It Seems Russians 59TH YEAR NO. 152 ADA, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1962 20 PAGES 5 CENTS WEEKDAY, 10 CENTS SUNDAY Wounded Bill Wins Okay Of Senators WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate passed today President Kennedy's' badly- mauled tax revision bill preserving in it the billion- dollar incentive-tax cut for companies to invest in new machinery and equipment. The vote passing the bill with i the controversial proposal was 59-24.' The provision, to encourage American firms to modernize their they can'produce at lower cost and compete better inj world regarded by the I administration as sufficient justifi- cation for the measure along with ALGIERS (AP) Deputy Premier Ahmed Ben Bella i a number of loophole-closing pro- and the commander of the rebel guerrillas holding LEADERS German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, right, greets French President Charles de Gaulle on the steps of the chancellery at Bonn; They met for vital discussion of the economic and political future of Western Europe. Man at center is an Wirephoto via cable from New Fighting Hits Algiers Cease Fire Tulsa Solon Yates Land Dies At 68 TULSA Land, a first term .state senator from Tul-____ sa, died Wednesday night at St. j Algiers flew to Qrleansville today .to stop a new outbreak John's Hospital -here following a. of fighting between-their forces. Spy Poisons Self To Head Off Deportation; British He's Seriously WASHINGTON (AP) So- viet Union has struck out in five of six attempts to send spacecraft to Mars and the sixth It ticked off the two space flops this way- One effort on Aug. days before Mariner rocketed into the turned into a long foul, U.S. space! up in space. Its frag- 'ments are orbiting earth. This officials report. Twice within the past two weeks, they said, the Soviets tried to beat or match America's launching of Mariner 2 now hurtling miles an hour toward Venus. Both Soviet attempts went haywire, added the report. So, Miller Wonders Why Folks Panic WASHINGTON (AP) Rep. George P. Miller, D-Calif., chair- man of the House Space Commit- tee, today struck back at "Mon- day morning quarterbacks whose teeth start chattering-after every Kussian 'spectacular'" in space. Furthermore, Miller said, "I don't believe we are doing badly." He said the Soviets began work on manned space flight in 1955 and "six years later the Soviets had a man in space. We put a man there in. three years from the time we went to work on it. Their spacecraft was larger than ours, but I see nothing in that record to wince at." Miller, in a speech prepared for House delivery, said these critics have demanded more em- phasis on military applications in space in response to the Soviet feat of orbiting two cosmonauts at the same time in separate space ships. Miller said a heavy effort in military space' projects has long been under way. The U.S. mili- tary space effort this year will cost about billion. Most' of this will be spent on such proj- ects -as missile-warning and re- connaissance a commu- nication satellite system and oth- er nonweapon devices. Miller told the House "our de- fense officials are not dolts, and I suspect that their decisions are based'on information and intelli- gence which is somewhat superior to that of their lay Behind every successful man there can usually be found three people his wife and Mr. and Mrs. Jones. Gen. Fea. Corp.) failure was' reported unofficially earlier. But the U.S. space agency dis- closed Wednesday night a second attempt on Sept. 1 not previously reported. The Soviets saw this one misfire, too. The only shot that approachec success was a Venus probe in 1961, said the its radio blacked out before it got even close to the planet. The chronicle of Soviet space troubles was contained in a letter to chairmen of the Senate and House Space committees from James E. Webb, chief of the Na- tional Aeronautics and Space Ad- ministration. The Congress members had urged Webb to make public infor- mation on Soviet space misadven- tures since'the Soviets only talk about their successes. In his letter to the congressional committees, Webb said "the So- viet Union has pursued a vigor- ous but unsuccessful program to send instrumented space probes to the planets. "Thus far two attempts have been made to send spacecraft to Mars and four to Venus, of these six attempts, only one probe was successfully launched on an inter- planetary path, the Venus probe of February 12, 1961. "However, it was only a quali- fied success because its radio transmission failed after several days, long before it reached Venus. None of the five remain- ing attempts achieved a success- ful trajectory because of rocket vehicle malfunctions." Webb said that in each of the Soviet series, a parking orbit technique was used. By this, the first three stages try to "put .-a payload into a low orbit -around the earth. From this.parking or- bit the fourth or ejection-stage shoots the instrument load to- ward a Had the launching-been-success- ful in. any-of the-six-'Soviet at- tempts, Webb probe would, have" arrived "at-Mars-or Venus; with too great a velocity to have orbited either-planet. The United States has.-also tried the parking orbit in a -series of Ranger shots but has run 'into trouble each time- Webb said that if the Soviet shot on Aug. 25 had been success- ful it would have arrived at Venus about Dec.- 7, "ahead of Mariner 2. Webb said that 10 .and Oct. 14, 1960, the .Soviet .Union tried, unsuccessfully-- to' .send probes to Mars. The other Venus shot failure was Feb. 14, 1961, he said. long illness from Bella and Col. Si Hassan, commander Land, 68, was elected to public office for the first time as a state senator in 1958 and this year won the Democratic nomination to No. 4, had toured the front lines in to end shooting at three points ii 100 men were reported killed or wounded second term. He would new vjiaaii IULI.CU posed Republican Dewey F. Bart-Ictt of -Tulsa in the November of a meeting betw tary leaders of both side up a formal cease-fire aj eral election. Land was a native of Columbus, Ga., and had worked with From Bella'j re'gula troops reportedly had Texas Co. from 1914 until bis retirement in 1957. He began his career with Texaco as a Deputy through, guerrilla 'r on three highways. to Alj cease-fire prov grapher and -after completing Holloway, would stay out1 of; law worked.. his-, way. up. In the -company's legal has --resigned.- as-deputy court .The heaviest -fighting ported- ;at Aumale, 55 mi rnent, -He was a' general attorney for the company in Tulsa from tendered his resignation recently. Ill health forced -of Algiers. About 4 .were reported killed ther until his retirement. He also quit the staff of Court 'Other 'clashes were ed in the company's legal department at Houston, and Orleansville. and Be Under the cease-fire t had served' as a deputy had been orderet Land was an unsuccessful of 1960. Prior to that positions and ir didate for congress in 1960. Land underwent abdominal surgery last February. At his was the court clerk from 1951 through 1959.: He was on the staff of the state examiner and that the rebel acted defensively after lars advanced1 on their ro when .-he died'-was his for a year before Houari Boumedie Irene. him to return to the deputy's post in this army comman described as displeased cease-fire arranged Tues have been able to work only 28 days this Holloway it denied his.tnx torious entry into the ca] Anonymous bomb threats decided to call it quits although I -Bella's'.political. bu eluded the cease-fire w the temporary evacution of three New Orleans desegregated public schools today shortly after the school year started. Firemen searched the remain on the job if I possibly The popular county- officer lost both his legs and has been of the rebel. Wilayas (zones) 3 and-' Hassan, Wilaya 4 comma companied Ben Bella o and the children returned from allied ailments for trip to halt We 30 minutes years. r army tried- to visions. Far Cry' But the Senate version'' still is a far cry from the bill which Ken- nedy proposed to -Congress; April 20, 1961. .Aside from the tax credit for Javits, Morse Plead For Action On Communist Beachhead In Cuba WASHINGTON crat 'and a- Republican appealed in. the Senate today for concerted' action by the Organization of American States -to. meet 'the threat of a Communist military beachhead in Cuba. Secretary of'State reportedly has suggested'-a hemi-- sphere foreign ministers'1 .confer- ence later this month to discuss the problem posed 'by Communist bloc, aid to Cuba. Possible.new actions against the regime of Prime Minister Fidel Castro prob- ably would be discussed at such a meeting, Sen. Jacob K. said .that because of .the grave emergency building.up--in Cuba the should have a common policy for meet- ing the Red-menace. Sen. Wayne Morse, D-Ore., chairman of the Senate Latin-'. American' Affairs told Javits he is confident the: necessary three-fourths OAS vote could be obtained for common action.- What Does Buildup Mean In World Affairs? Page 2 'If a three-fourths.vote can not be had, Morse added, "the United States will' still -have-' the'.-'respon- sibility-to take-, what course'of action-the facts .show may--.-be necessary to protect the' security of the. American people.from the threat, of a Russian'.'Communist beachhead almost on our very own shores." Sen. John G. Tower, D-Tex., called for U.S., recognition of a Cuban government in exile. "The time'now is for .action in Tower declared. "Let's recognize' a-government in exile, located in' a friendly Latin-Ameri- can and.- give .them -the .tools to do the. job. to communism and- Castro in Cuba." Rusk, "called-.diplomats of "the American" .republics '-to-'his -office Wednesday -for. a'detailed, analyst of President-Kennedy's: announce- ment that, .the .Soviet-Union is sending large shipments of defen- sive" military Cuba. Diplomatic circles :-'said- Rusk (Continued on Page Two) companies investing in new -.ma- chinery, the second most impor- tant Kennedy proposal was tax withholding on dividend and inter- est income. That was knocked out of the bill by the Senate-Finance Committee, _ and its decision was sustained by j" A letter-writing blitz from.hun- e; .investors helped defeat it in the reported Senate. The administration had estimat- ed that would bring into the .Treasury mil- Indications lion a year in taxes now evaded or guerrillas not paid through ignorance.' With Senate action on the bill, a Senate-House conference commit- will now undertake to adjust was' differences. Fight Coming Rep. Wilbur D.' D-Ark, who. will head the ..House delega- tion, has said he will fight in the conference to retain the withhold- ing plan, but-most supporters of the plan think the odds are slim. As Kennedy originally proposed the bill, it would have yielded about million, more in revenue from loophole closers than the -in- vestment credit would have cost. The House cut out considerable revenue but still passed .a bill on the plus side because it retained withholding! Deficit Enlarged The Senate version .will add to the Treasury deficit. Estimates range from a Treasury forecast of a annual loss 'to a red .ink com- piled by congressional experts. The measure is only a step to- (Continued on Two) Ahloso Youth Fractures Arm A ten-year-old Ahloso boy un- derwent surgery Wednesday after suffering a severe compound frac- ture, of the left arm. In "good" condition at Valley View Hospital'is Robert Cantrell, 10, fifth grader at Ahloso. .'He fell several feet during re- cess Wednesday from a URGE NEGRO SCHOOL walk along sidewalk in front of Lincoln School in Englewood as, they protested the city's failure to end racial segregation in the schools. Lincoln is predominantly a Negro school, but the 15 white students assigned to the school attended class- es. About half the school's 518 pupils had entered the'school by mid-morning On opening day. Negro leaders in 'Engle- wood called for a boycott of the city's elementary schools in the desegregation with com- heli- bar" on the.school..grounds! 'Robert son, of.-Mr. and Mrs. Bill G.' Cantrell, Box 394, Show Pilots Sleeping WASHINGTON (AP) The AFL-CIO Flight Engi- neers' International Association delivered to the Federal Aviation Agency today 40 photographs which, the union said, .showed airline pilots asleep at their controls, or reading while in-flight. Airline officials challenged the authenticity of the one .showed a stewardess alone at the controls of the-plane. Ron Brown, flight union president, said he gave the pictures to the FAA in response to- an official demand "for them. A spokesman, saifl the photo- graphs were taken over a two- year period in cockpits of .Eastern Air Lines planes in-scheduled pas- senger operations. A union strike against Eastern is continuing. A spokesman for Eastern said individuals had been trying to ped- dle the pictures around to papers in New York for the past two months. He said; Eastern had. not seen the pictures, but had investigated and found nothing to indicate that they were authentic or that any pilots_or stewardesses had neglect- ed either their work or flying rules. The Eastern spokesman said the airline had concluded that the pic- tures would have .to be posed, and believed that they may have Tjeen taken in a ground training device.- The union said the films given Kennedy Plans Inspection Of Space Stations WASHINGTON Kennedy will inspect four military and civilian 'space installations next week. In' announcing this the White House said Wednesday the- Presi- dent's aim the work being done in this most important area and in connection with the preparation -of the fiscal year 1964 budget." The man -who has charge -of whipping that-budget into shape, Budget Director -David E. Bell, will be.in the group .accompany-: ing Kennedy.. Others going along include Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, chairman of the National Aero- nautics and Space Council; Sec- i to FAA showed the cockpit instru- 1 ments giving altitude and speed at the time. He added that at the FAA's request the dates-and num- bers o'f the flights and the names retary of Defense Robert S. Mc- Narnara; and James' E. Webb, administrator of. '-the... National Aeronautics and Space Adminis- tration. will leave Washington early Tuesday.. His first stop will be Cape Canaveral, .Fla. Kennedy then will fly to Hunts- ville, Ala., to inspect.the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center. of some of the were included. individuals also The flight engineers have been .in.a long running dispute with the Air Line Pilots .Association-over the makeup of airline crews on jets. West Views New Red Note As Prelude To Trouble U.S. officials -view the Soviet.lTnion's atest.note to the Western powers on Berlin as an unusually, bitter propaganda-blast which may fore- shadow new Soviet moves in the roubled city. The note was received ;in Wash- ngton and in other-Western capi- als late'. and; State department, officials :are studying t. a earlier 'U.S.', British ihdV-French iroposals "for-four-power.'-talks in Jerlin -W .-measures ..-which.rmight taken -to -reduce tension -over he Communist'wall dividing the city.-. The note was seen here as in- dicating that.the.Soviets are iui- willing to engage in considering such measures' at this tiraV arid some authorities' thought' it 'may mean that1 Premier Khrushchev Js about ready, to sign a: separate treaty. "withJEast Germany. Khrushchev has -l6rig; threatened such a .step which 'he- claims would give the 'East- German re- 'which.-.the Western', powers do not recognize, authority' .over the .supply' routes between West Berlin" and, West West- ern powers.that.what is iojvjieed- in West Berlin" :is-riot -consulta- tion, "but a-.German treaty...which the .oc- cupation'-regime'in-West 'The-hope among Western lead- ers is that if-and-when-Khrush- chev does sign-a treaty with East will provide for-re-, straints -.Ger- many actions, to avoid" a: showdown with-., the their.j-use-ipf '.to. of ern-jjowersjisj; that recognize- authority: as- a.'sub'stitu'Ceifor. Soviet respon- sibilities .with -respect'.to; Western' three Western powers of provocative ac- tion on 'arid-; blamed' them series '.of ,incidents in recent .The Soviet TJnion charged the Allies with hypocrisy in seeking assume 'the -role, of- champion of -humane, principles" and said thatif act-humane- ly they bring- about the re- lease of ''German anti-fascists and peace fighterstwho.'.as in Hit- ler's-, prison 'in West Authorities here. con: bitter, and an evidence- of 'Soviet' to try to moderate" conditions, in On. the the tone the in 'sharp, contrast, -of. viet authorities in- -Berlin lthis..week in. Western-dictated -crossing point from -East to West.' Berlin, for troops guarding the Soviet war memorial-in the British' sector of the "city. The'tone however, 'with-'.the .fact that Communist MIG: -'fighters- :ha've been ing: their .operations- in..the--West- ern air These aerial-' activities. have- produced. a round of' allied i threatened interference'with West- '.Authorities- here -said-'it is' haz- ardous at the; moment--to-make any firm .prediction; on--what the next beyond appears likely -to-grow .morV- coming weeks.' One speculation is that-the So- viets may attempt to reduce or eliminate Western- travel through the wall into Hast Berlin with the claim that Westenr'powers have no- responsibilities -there, while- at the same: time insisting -on- the Soviet', right''to have access to West Berlin. c..The Soviets, have long -treated the two- parts of the- divided city as'.having different status.. Any could precipitate ,erious' trouble. ;as the Western powers insist they'.have as''much right to send troops, on tour in East Berlin as the Soviets have to'-send, jnili tary.-.parties .into.' the the .city. Soblen Makes Move En route To Airport LONDON Rob- ert A. Soblen poisoned him- self today, minutes before he was to be deported to a United States prison aboard jet the British Home Office announced. Soblen was rushed at once' to Hillingdpn Hospital'near London Airport, seriously ill and unconscious. A Home Office statement con- firmed that the-61-yesr-old psy- chiatrist took a drug of the bar- biturate group minutes before he was'due to board a Pah Ameri- can jet airliner for New York. En Route To Airport The Home Office said' Soblen became ill. in the ambulance tak- ing him from Brixton Prison to the airport. Thus Soblen, who once stabbed himself in a- simulated suicide .at- tempt, .again-delayed attempts'to send hinv Hack to a U.S. prison to serve a life-sentence for passing wartime'secrets -to the Soviet Un- ion. According to one'accotmt Soblen took barbiturates which he -had hidden on him. iThis occurred while, the ambulance taking him to the plane was at the airport Back To Hospital ferred to" another-ambulance-and rushed to the same '-hospital -he was first, taken after his landing in Britain July 1 with self-inflict- ed -stab'wounds in his wrist and his abdomen; A-late.-hospital bulletin said: "Barbiturates have been- found in his blood in a concentration which indicates an overdose." The Home .Office will seek to determine how the light of his past able to get his hands'on the drugs he took. Soblen has some sympathizers in Britain. One of these might have slipped him drugs "but the opportunities for doing so would have been limited.- A considerable amount of medi- cine, probably has been prescribed for Soblen since July 1. He may have been able to build up a stock of his own. Soblen is suffering from leuke- of' the claims he does not have long to live. British prison officials said earlier they did not believe' So- blen's condition was as serious, as he and his attorneys claimed. A British police surgeon, Dr. Donal Joseph Curran, had been assigned to accompany the fugi- tive spy York. The Home Office informed Pan American that Soblen would not be leaving for New York today. The airline said the fugitive had not been booked for a later flight. Soblen. on June 25 jumped bail in New York after exhausting all appeals to set aside his espionage sentence. He fled via an Air France plane to Israel using a dead brother's Canadian passport. Israeli authorities refused him permission to stay there and put him aboard an. Israeli El Al plane July 1 for New York, accoropa- nied-by Chief U.S. Marshal James McShane. -As the airliner approached Lon- don, Soblen. slashed his wrists and stabbed himself in the stomach with a steak knife. He was taken off the plane and rushed .to a Lon- don hospital. Later he said his purpose was to. force his landing in not to commit suicide. (Continued on Page Two) OKLAHOMA Considerable- cloudiness .and 'a -.little wanner this afternoon, tonight and Fri- day; scattered .thundershowers mostly >ast and south; low to- night-58-68; high Friday 72 east to 82> -west.; temperature In Ada was 72; low Wednes- day night, reading at 7 a. m.. Thursday, 66. Rainfall during the 24-hour period end- ing -at .7. a. m. Thursday, '.08
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