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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1962, Ada, Oklahoma Character we were talking to the other day say, if. fine if th, Rui.i.n, want to get on tht moon fir.t. After .11, he MM, Spaniard, and French got to North America first but w .11 talk English Suspended Gridders Go To Intramurals; See Sports, Page 8 THE ADA EVENING NEWS Meany Pushes For 35-Hour Week, Page 3 59TH YEAR NO. 132 ADA, OKLAHOMA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 8 Pages 5 CENTS WEEKDAY, 10 CENTS SUNDAY Astronauts Still Are In Orbit Only Kremlin Can Say When They'll Come Beck Down MOSCOW (AP) So- viet Union's space team was reported continuing its group flight around the earth late today. Radio Moscow announc- ed in a 5 p.m. news broad- cast that the two newest Soviet astronauts one already aloft three days and the other two days re- mained in orbit. In a joint message, the two said. "We are but a short distance apart from each other and we have established dependable com- munications with each other." Their message also asserted the outlined flight program will be carried out fully. How Long? But there wasn't any official in- dication how long the program would last. The report said both men feel fine and that their equipment is functioning perfectly. The radio said that at 4 p.m. Maj. Andrian (Falcon) Nikolayev had completed 52 orbits and Lt. Col. Pavel (Golden Eagle) Popo- vich 36. TV From Space Moscow's central television sta- tion broadcast at p.m. what it claimed was a direct television transmission from Vostok III, pi- loted by Nikolayev. Nikolayev could be seen raising his log book, looking from left to right and, at one time, smiling. Th; announcer pointed to a port- hole of the Vostok HI and said that, through it, it was possible to see Vostok IV, carrying Lt. Col. Pavel (Golden Eagle) Popovich. This would indicate the two space ships, launched a day apart on almost identical orbits, were still close' together. Western track- ers have said the two ships now are several hundred miles apart after being as close as 75 miles. A good time for the landing sup- posedly would have been about p.m., when Vostok III would been over the central Volga valley where other globe-circling Soviet ships have come down. Nikolayev completed his third day in orbit at a.m. -and Popovich finished his second day aloft at a.m. Long Voyage the Soviet news agency, announced that by noon Nikolayev had completed his 49th orbit and traveled about 1.25 million miles. Popovich, Tass said, had com- pleted 33 orbits for a total of about miles. Throughout the day here there speculation that the two ships might be brought down, although the talk was loaded with uncer- tainty. A television broadcast Monday night reported coming di- rectly from Vostok III appeared to indicate the flights were going on and on. The Soviet government contin- ued to maintain absolute secrecy about the future schedule of the flight. Earlier a Soviet informant had said something interesting would happen in the afternoon, when both astronauts would be in a po- sition to descend. Later some of the usually reliable Soviet scien- tific sources came out with op- posing predictions, "They will be down said one. "They are going to finish out a said another. The day's first communique at 6 a.m. contained a variation that might signal something special was planned landing, a close approach or even a linkup of the spaceships. Omitting the usual signoff of "the flight the com- munique said: "At present, the cosmonauts have started carrying out their numerous difficult duties envisaged by the program of space research planned for Aug. 14. The group flight of spaceships Vostok III and Vostok IV conti- nues according to the planned program." Filibuster On Satellite Ends As Senate Invokes Cloture Rule IN HISTORICAL DUAL SPACE FLIGHT Popovich, left, who ii piloting Vostok IV, and Andrian Nikolsyev, right, in Voitok III, hurt-lid through in a historic double flight that once put Russia ahead in the race to the moon. There was no indication from Moscow when the flights would be terminated. supplied by Tass and Novosti, Soviet news agencies. (AP Wirephoto via Radio from Mos- Can Reds Shoot Down U.S. Spy Satellites? WASHINGTON (AP) Soviet precision in launching satellites- plunking a pair of manned space- craft into manned space could spell trouble for the U.S. "spy in the sky" systems. These warning and surveillance satellite systems are still in the development stage. A number of vehicles have been put into orbit during the past months, some of them presuma- bly equipped with instruments for reporting data back to U.S. re- ceiving stations. The systems are still a year or more away from being completely operational and useful. Over the weekend, the Soviet Union showed that she has achieved a long step leading eventually toward ability to inter- cept satellites either for pur- poses of peaceful space explora- tion or for inspection and destruc- tion. The Soviet scientists succeeded, on the basis of their own reports and on data from other sources, in putting Vostok IV on the same plane and virtually within sight of Vostok III. To do this, fantastic accuracy, in timing, rocket-engine burning control and computation had to be attained. Scientists figure the Soviet launchers had an interval of less than 14 seconds to fire Vostok IV, during the 18th orbit of the first satellite, in order to put them both into the same track and in proximity. There were reports in Washing- ton that the precision was even better than announced initially by the Soviet Union, being virtually a perfect matching of plane, heights and time. What this could mean to U.S. military officials is. that the So- viets may be able to convert this demonstration into the practical application for knocking down American spy-in-the-sky satel- ilites. This possibility has been con- sidered for some time and by top ranking officials. j Last May, Gen. Bernard A. :Schriever, ohief of the Air Force j Systems Command, said in em- phasizing need for greater U.S. effort in space development that if the Russians should achieve "a really significant breakthrough in space technology, they may be able to deny other nations access to space even for purposes of scientific .research." Schools Are Next Target In Albany ALBANY, Ga. (AP) Schools are now a target of de- segregation efforts by Negroes seeking to batter down all major racial barriers in this southwest Georgia city. Negro students and parents were urged at a mass meeting Monday night to join attempts at integrating white junior and senior high schools next month. "We're not stopping at lunch counters." said the Rev. James I pn3l FrtrCPQ Bevel of Cleveland, Miss., after L.Gljai I VI uco asserting that city leaders had re- In Job Slices OKLAHOMA Generally fair this afternoon through Wednes- day. A few Isolated late after- noon and evening thundershow- ers Panhandle. A little wanner both afternoons. Low tonight 65 to 72. High Wednesday 94 to 100. High temperature in Ada Monday was 84; low Monday night, 66; reading at 7 a. m. Tuesday, 70. A trace of rain was recorded. ......_______ CHICAGO nation's railroads mustered their legal forces today for a court hearing that may determine if the carriers can start Thursday to eliminate thousands of jobs. Judge Elmer J. Schnackenberg of tha U.S. Circuit Court of Ap- peals said the court might call a hearing Wednesday on the rail- roads' request to go ahead with their job-slashing proposal. At issue'is a temporary injunc- tion issued by U.S. Dist. Judge Joseph Sam Perry restraining the railroads from putting proposed rules changes into effect which would eliminate immediately the jobs of diesel firemen and cut another jobs over the next five years. These jobs, the railroads claim, are examples of "featherbedding" employes kept on the payroll by rigid union rules. fused to accede to minor desegre- gation demands. He urged parents with school- age children to join in a court suit to desegregate schools. The Negro minister said the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People "has loads of money and is just waiting for somebody to file a suit." Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. re- turned from a. weekend in Atlan- ta and repeated his pledge to stay in the Albany integration fight. He with expressed dissatisfaction the failure of U. S. Dist. Judge J. Robert Elliott of Colum- bus to set a hearing on a suit seeking desegregation of parks, the library and other public fa- cilities. A stepped, up voter registration drive was announced by Ander- son. He told the cheering Negroes they were "virtually assured of a seat" on the City Commission come November." He and King urged a tighter boycott of merchants who refused to employ Negroes and follow segregation policies. Soblen Wins 8-Day Delay From British LONDON A. So- blen stalled off today for at least eight more days a British govern- ment attempt to send him back to the United States to serve a life sentence for spying for the Soviet Union. Britain's High Court recessed until Aug. 22 after hearing attor- neys for the runaway spy plead that he should be allowed to go to a Country of his own choice, such as Communist Czechoslova- kia. Further arguments will be re- sumed then. While conceding the British gov- ernment has the right to deport the 61-year-old psychiatrist, Sc- blen's lawyers challenged the Home Office order that he be sent directly to the United States where he faces a life sentence. F. Elwyn Jones, who is heading Soblen's legal team, read an affi-. davit from Soblen saying he had a visa to go to Czechoslovakia. The move before Justice John Stephenson opened a new legal battle in the Soblen case. Soblen remained in the hospital at Lon- don's Brixton Prison. Soblen is suffering from the in- curable disease of leukemia, Jones told Justice "and the consequences of carrying out the deportation order in the way the home secretary proposes will be that he will die shortly in an American prison." Soblen' jumped bail in New York in late Jun and fled to Israel using the passport of a dead brother. Expert Says U. S. Can Do Better Feat BALTIMORE, Md. Martin Co. rocket expert said to- day that a manned rendezvous- in-space. mission planned for launching from Cape Canaveral, Fla., will be a much greater achievement than the tandem or- bits by the Soviet cosmonauts. Bastian Hello, who is directing the phase .of Project Gemini that the Martin Co. is developing here, said the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 'could have achieved tandem orbits in the cur- rent Mercury program if the agency had wanted to. "Provided that we had another launching pad, -we could achieve this on the next Hello said. "We could have two cap- sules orbiting simultaneously." Martin is engaged now in mod- ifying the Titan II intercontinental ballistics missile, making it suit- able for launching the Gemini capsule which carries two astro- nauts. Gemini, if all goes well, will make contact in orbit' with the unmanned Agena space vehicle. The Gemini flights may last as long as two weeks. Hello said the Gemini launching was planned for late next year. At Houston, Tex., however, of- ficials of the manned spacecraft center gave the time as early 1964, Apprised of this, the Martin Co. said it had not been informed of any change by the government of- ficials and was going ahead on the basis of a launching late in 1963. Hello said NASA needed only about a six-month advance notice to launch two one-man capsules which would pass very close to each other in orbit. Although he said the United States could have done the same (Continutd on Past Two) Business Likes Ideas But Says Speech Political NEW YORK (AP) President Kennedy's size-up of the economy and tax-cutting plans drew a gen- erally favorable response today in the business and financial com- munity. However, his approach was criticized in some quarters as political. Several said they had expected all along the President would reconimend deferral of a-reduc- tion in corporate and individual income taxes until next year. Martin Gainsbrugh, chief econ- lomist for tha National Industrial Conference Board, called 'Kenne- jdy's analysis of the state of the economy well-balanced with one exception, "He didn't place as much em- phasis as I thought he should have on the sluggishness of the capital investment sector of the econo- Gainsbrugh said. Two Wall Street investment analysts predicted 'mild reaction in the stock holding that investors anticipated what the President was going to say. The market opened mixed to- day and'was slightly higher in morning trading. Billion Public Works Bill Passes House Group WASHINGTON (AP) The House Appropriations Committee today approved legislation to pro- vide for public works throughout the country. The total, including funds for a start on 49 new construction proj- ects, is above public works appropriations for the year that ended June 30, but 100 under President Kennedy's budget recommendations. The committee recommended al- locations to 459 projects and activ- ities of the Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation. The allocations .for the current year total for works which, when completed, will rep- Dems Vow To Push 6 Bills JFK Desires WASHINGTON (AP) -Demo- cratic leaders in Congress said to- day they intend to push the six bills President Kennedy empha sized in his economic report to the people. The Senate leader, Mike Mans- field of Montana, told reporters: "The leadership intends to do its very best to see he does get those bills." He said both Senate and House leaders are wholeheartedly in sup- port of what he had to say. The- -had their usual... Tuesday.. morning breakfast with Kennedy and went over the legislative calendar and outlook. On one measure Kennedy re- quested in his. broadcast Monday renewal of a temporary federal extension of unemploy- ment Speak- er John W. McCormack of Massa- chusetts said the House Ways and Means Committee will get busy this week. He said he hopes no public hearing will be necessary and the bill can be approved this week or next for floor considera- tion. McCormack said the bill to help collages and universities, another item on Kennedy's. list of meas- ures "to speed up our also was discussed'with Kennedy. He said the'leadership hopes a sat- isfactory measure will be worked out in a Senate-House conference committee where the legislation now rests after passing both branches in different form. Both Mansfield and McCormack- voiced hope of approval this ses- sion of a bill to tighten the drug Kennedy also wants but omitted from his talk on economic prospects. Mansfield list- ed it as one of a number of bills slated for Senate action when the impasse over the communications satellite bill is broken. The Senate leader said he thought there was a reasonable chance of getting the votes to choke off a filibuster on the satel- lite bill during the 'day and that "we'll try again" if the effort fails. After the fight on the satellite bill is over, Mansfield said he hopes to get Senate action on the drug bill, a farm program, the nomination of Negro leader Thur- good Marshall to be a Circuit Court judge, a tax bill and the trade expansion bill. resent a federal investment of about billion. The public works program under tlie Atomic Energy Commission accounted for slight- ly under the budget estimate. ervoir million; Pine Creek Reservoir Planning Short Mountain lock and dam Webbers Falls lock and dam Surveys Arkansas and Red Thfi committee -said that an un- j River? to Oklahoma City expected million carryover of Arkansas River-Eufaula Reservoir unobligated funds from the previ- ous year had served as a partial offset to some of the increases ap- proved. Other program totals included Southwestern Power Administra- tion, Oklahoma project approved: Construction Broken Bow Reservoir Eufaula Res- ervoir Keystone Res- Boswell Reservoir Poteau River Shidler Res ervoir Site, Salt Creek- KANSAS Construction Council Grove reservoir Elk City Res- ervoir 'Fort Leaven worth bridge Frankfort John Redmond (Strawn) reservoir Kansas City (Continued on Two) Group Asks Immediate StateReapportionment OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) A three-judge federal court was asked Monday to change its Aug. 3 order giving the legislature until March 8 to reapportion on a popu- lation basis. Twti motions were filed with the court Monday. One, by the Okla- homa City Council of Democratic Neighborhood Clubs, .asked the court to go back into session and reapporLon the legislature immed: iately. The other, filed by the state Election-Board, asked'the'court to amend its order to provide, that election officials will not be held liable for damages for holding leg- islative elections this fall, under apportionment laws the court pre- viously held were discriminatory to city residents. The board's motion also asked the court to specifically say that May anc1 November elections un- der present apportionment laws would be held legal and constitu- tional. Vice chairman Jack Hewett said the court held June 19 that ap- portionment laws are indiviously disciminatory and prospectively null and void for future elections. He said it later changed its posi- tion somewhat by holding that present would not be thrown out until after the November elec- did not change its find- ing of fact that they were dis- criminatory. G. D. Spradlin, attorney- for the council, said it is-impossible for the legislature to reapportion ac- cording to the court order, and legislators have conceded this in public statements. His petition said "whereas the court .desired to avoid confusion in this fall's elSction the result of failure to grant plaintiff relief is to create a hopelessly chaotic two years with an unconstitutional 'lame duck' legislature which is unable to either reapportion itself or pass constitutional laws." West Expects Protests Of Attacks On TheWall BERLIN (AP) The Western powers expected strong Soviet protests arid new threats today fol- lowing West Berliners' attacks on the Red wall and Russian vehicles during the first anniversary of the barricade. Rioting crowds hurled paving blocks and curses Monday night at the barricade which was begun a year ago and now divides Berlin with stone, steel, barbed wire and military fortifications. Reinforced West German police repeatedly drove wildly screaming demonstrators back from the wall, which has become a symbol of West Berlin's isolation and the Communist repression in East Germany. One crowd, frustrated in its at- tempts to reach the .wall, sur- rounded three Soviet army vehi- cles near Checkpoint Charlie in the U.S. sector. 'The soldiers were returning from guard duty at the Soviet war memorial in West Ber- lin. The angry demonstrators hurled stones and beer bottles, smashing the windows of a bus. Youths closed in on two sedans shouting "pigs" and "dirty bums." West German police finally freed the Soviet vehicles. Brig. Gen. Frederick 0. Hartel, U.S. trcop commander in Berlin, went to Checkpoint Charlie to i vestigate the attack. West Berlin Police Commission- er Erich Duensing said about West Berliners stoned his men along the wall in the Bern, auerstrasse area, three miles north of the trouble near Check- point Charlie. Newsmen at the scene said the stones appeared to be aimed at East German police beyond the wall, but that some struck West police cars blocking the way to the wall. West police finally scat- tered the rioters with a water eon- non. Earlier in the day East (Continued on Page Two) Tax Cut Would Amount To Billions-But Not Right Away WASHINGTON Kennedy, rejecting an immediate tax cut as an economic weapon that might boomerang, has set his sights on multibillion-doUar reduc- tions and tax reform for 1963. But he told a nationwide television-radio audience Monday night that if the unexpected hap- if the nation slides to- ward recession later this will call Congress into special ses- sion to lighten the "far too heavy" tax burden. He described the present tax system as "a drag on economic recovery and economic growth, biting heavily into the purchasing power of every taxpayer and every consumer." A number of Democrats in Con- gress applauded his speech. A number of Republicans accused him of playing election-year poli- tics. They emphaszied a favorite GOP theme that slashes in gov- ernment spending should accom- pany tax reductions. This theme was also stressed .by Sen. Harry F. Byrd, D-Va., chair- man of the Senate Finance Com- mittee. He said that when Kenne- dy submits his tax measure, and his budget, next year "he willi have" an opportunity to indicate whether he plans to reduce ex- penditures or pay for a tax cut with borrowed money." Kennedy was serious of mien and unsmiling as, with the aid of specially prepared charts, he de- veloped a two-fold thesis: That the nation has bounced back a long way. from the reces- sion he said-held sway when his iternj began in January, 1961- That it still has a considerable distance to go to attain full em- ployment and'booming production. Compared to the economic growth of Western Europe and Japan, he said, "We have been.more or less standing still for five years." But this -is the wrong 'time' to call for. an immediate tax cut, he said. Rejecting demands from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the AFL-CIO and others for such ac- tion, he said: "Under the right circumstances, that is a sound 'and effective weapon, but like many weapons, it should be fired only at a period of maximum advan- tage. "Timing is of the essence, and in the absence of a clear and pres- ent danger to the American econ- omy today, I the Ameri- can people are willing to bear the burdens of freedom and progress, to face the facts .of fiscal respon- sibility and to share my view that proposing an emergency tax cut tonight, a cut which could not now be either justified or enacted, would needlessly undermine con- fidence both at home and abroad." President George Meany of the AFL-CIO had no immediate com- ment. President Ladd Plumley-of the U.S.' Chamber said "it was a dis- appointment to have the President say that in his opinion a tax re- form program could not be en- acted now." However, Plumley said "the dif- ference in effective date between September and January should not be of g r e a t significance." Plumley out anew for re- duction of government spending. Commenting on the stock mar- ket; Kenc.edy said: "While the sharp decline in the inflated stock market prices touched many home1? directly and adversely, I think the stock market today rests on a sounder bases than it did at the end of last year." Kennedy's plan for tax reduc- tion next year, retroactive 1, 1963, had been disclosed before. But for the first time he men- tioned the scope of. the cuts, he of dollars." The measure, he said, "will in- clude an across-the-board, top-to- bottom cut in both corporate and personal income taxes. It will in- clude long-needed tax reform .that logic and equity demand. "The billion's of dollars this bill will place in the hands of tha con- sumer and our businessmen will have both immediate and perma- nent benefits to the economy." He said leaders of both Senate and House and Chairman'Wilbur Mills, D-Ark., of the House Ways and Means Committee, had pledged him cooperation .in steer- ing such a bill through Congress. He. mentioned no such pledge from Byrd, who has looked ask- ance at most of Kennedy's tax ideas this session. Rep. Mills commented that he agreed with Kennedy's decision not to ask for a tax cut now. Sen. Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., accused the President of using "rigged economic figures." Curtis said the present recovery is "the weakest recovery from any of the post-World War n recessions, by any.set of economic indicators." Kennedy- used- charts to show, among other things, that under his administration, the gross national product has increased 10 per cent, wages and salaries 10 per cent and corporate profits before taxes 26 per cent; and that the unem- ployment rate has decreased 23 per cent Kennedy tossed a bouquet to the Democratic controlled Congress, which has stymied some of his major bills. He said it has done more "to strengthen the economy than any Congress since the end of the second World War." But he urged action this year on pending measures "to speed up our economy." Summing up, he 'said: "We have made progress in the last 18 months, but much remains to'be done. I believe it is important that this country sail and not lit still in the harbor." Southerners Vote; Some For 1st Time WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate chiseled a page in history today by voting a debate limitation to break the back of a filibuster against the administration's communications s a t e 1- lite bill. The vote was 63 for cloture and 27 against. .Thus, for the first time in more than 35 years, the required two- thirds majority of those partici- pating approved a bipartisan lead- ership motion to invoke the 45- year-old cloture rule. Under it each senator will be limited to a total of one hour's further talk. Bill Should Pass The action forecast Senate pas- late this of the measure to set up privately owned but government regulated corporation to launch and operate satellites in a global communica- tions system. The house passed the bill May 3 by a 354-9 vote. Liberal Democrats, fighting for government ownership, charged in time-consuming talk that the pri- vate corporation to be half- owned by communications firms and half by purchasers of its would be dominated by Backers of the bill disput- ed that Several Want Bill And President Kennedy, Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy, Secre- tary of State Dean Rusk and oth- er administration leaders had all called for passage of the bill in its present form; Republican- Leader Everett M. irkseit-of' Demo- cratic Leader Mike Mansfield of. Montana in sponsoring the cloture motion. Dirksen forecast passage of the bill this week, with no major amendments. He said he was in- formed only about 20 senators wanted to discuss it as much as one hour each. 25 Amendments Piled up on the Senate clerk's desk were about 185 amendments. But many of them were duplicates and Dirksen said he thought only about 25 actually might be of- fered. As the vote was taken, the 'Sen- ate's public galleries were packed with spectators drawn by the drama of the decision. Emotional Talk Just before the roll call, Mans- field, in an emotional speech, ap- pealed to colleagues to stand be- hind him and be counted on whether the Senate procedures can "be blocked by a small group." The 63 senators who voted for c'oture numbered 29 Democrats and 34 Republicans. The only Southern Democrats casting their votes for it were Sens. Spessard and Holland and George Smathers of Florida. Southerner Votes Sen. Milton Young, R-N.D., an- nounced he would vote for clo- ture for the first time in his 17 years in the Senate. Sen. Frank Lausche, R-Ohio, also voted for cloture. In addition to' the 90 senators who answered the roll call, three others were recorded through a pair which aligned Sens. Clinton P. Anderson, D-N.M., and- Frank E. Moss, D-Utah, for cloture and Sen. Gale W. McGee, D-Wyo., against On issues requiring a two thirds majority, two affirm- ative votes form a "pair" against one negative vote. The outcome obviously was affected by the absence of seven senators who on occasions in the past have opposed cloture. These members, whose position was not immediately recorded of- ficially, were Sen. Alan Bible, D- Nev., Harry F. Byrd, D-Va., J. William Fulbright, D-Ark., and A. Willis Robertson, D-Va. Only four times before in Us history has the Senate invoked its anti-filibuster rule to cut off debate. The last time was in 1927 in a fight over a bill to establish a bureau of prohibition and cus- toms. A woman is getting old when she begins to worry more about how her shoes fit than how her sweater fits. (Copr. Gen. Fea, Corp.)
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