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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma Another cose of the legal phrase being dull compared to feelings comes in the citation for contempt facing John L. Lewis, in the light of the vast amount of contempt piled on both Average Net Octobfr Paid Circulation 8601 Member: Audit Bureau nt Circulation THE ADA EVENING NEWS FINAL EDITION 43rd 180 ADA, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, FIVE CENTS THE COPY Coal Story In Question And Answer Explanation of Lewis' Ac- tions, Difference Between Him and Government By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON, Nov. Here, in questions and answers, j? the story of John L. Lewis' coal dispute" with the government. Q. What's the background? A. miners struck for two months last spring when his t-i.ntrael with the mine owners ended and they refused his new demands. To net them going again, the government seized the mines .and sipned a contract with Lewis, r.rantmg many of his demands. The government to hold the mine? until Lewis and the mine (iwners finally agreed cm a con- tract. This they have not been able to do. Wartime Law Holds Q. How could the government K'.re private property? A. Under a law passed by con- Ciesy in Smith-Connal- ly act (the war labor disputes jictl the government ean seize a plant or mine where a shutdown interferes with the war effort. This is strictly a wartime law, good only so long as the war lasts. But we're still at war, technically, congress declares it ended. because we're at. the government's seizure holds good. Q. What then? A. In October Lewis decided he wanted to change the with the government under which his miners been work- ing since last May. He said ho wanted to re-open it to make changes. Q. What did the government F.HV? Must A. Interior Secretary K r u g was the government spokesman. He said the contract could be :c-opened only if both Lewis and the government wanted it to be. But the government didn't want it re-opened. Therefore, Krufl said, the con- tract must stand as is so long as the government has the mines. Q. What did Lewis say? A. He said Krug was wrong, that the contract could be re- opened if he alone wanted it to bo. He said, in effect, the eon- tract could remain in force only FO long as he, Lewis, wanted it to be. S.-i. on Nov. 15 Lewis served notice on Krug that he would consider his contract with the government ended Nov. 20, which was last night, at midnight. Word 'Strike' Not Used Q. What did this mean? A. 11 meant Lewis' miners would refuse to work after last night unless Krug 'gave in to Lewis. Q. Was Lewis thus calling a strike? A. Not in so many words. Ever since the Smith-Connally act was passed in 1943, Lewis has been careful not to say his miners wore on strike. When they refuse to work, he says simply they don't work without a contract. It has the same effect as calling a strike. the Smith-Connally act anyone calling a strike in a plant seized by the government can be jailed. 1 Q. What did Krug do? A. He and other government officials went into federal court and asked the judge to issue an order to Lewis not to end his contract, or call it ended. Argues Lewis Breaking Contract The government argued that Lewis, by saying Nov. 15 the con- tract ended last night, was break- ing his contract and was calling a strike in a government-seized mine, contrary to the Smith-Con- nally act. Q. What did the judge do? A. He issued the order. In it the judge told Lewis to take back hi? statement of Nov. 15; to live up to the contract: and not to en- courase his miners to walk out. LEWIS TO FACE CONTEMPT CITATION Q. What did Lewis do? A. Nothing. Since he didn't tell them to forget what he said Nov. ]f) about the contract ending walking out of the mines even before yesterday. Q. What can happen to Lewis in: not obeying the court order? A. If the decides Lewis has disobeyed him, he ean hold him :n contempt of court and jail or fine him. Lewis, of course, will have some arguments for his defense. Q. Can the court order hope to get the miners back to work? A. Hardly, without word from Lewis to KO back. The miners, being free men, can not be compelled to work. They ean say they are not striking' but choose not to work without a con- tract. The court cannot act against 400.000 men. City Council Gets Report Library Work, Traffic Painting, Water Depart- ment, Airport Moves In- cluded City Manager W. E. Hansen's report was the principal part of the city council meeting Wednes- day night. The report consisted of work done by the city mana- ger since the last regular meet- ing. 1L was reported that a contract for the library building work was let in accordance with the instructions issued by the coun- cil. Work is progressing, but slowly because of unfavorable weather conditions. A shipment of 40 gallons of traffic paint has been received by the city and an abandoned paint striping machine owned and discarded by the city has been salvaged and repaired and is being used to apply the traf- fic paint on downtown streets. Hanson made a brief report on the water department which in- cluded the statement, "Evidence has presented itself showing where gross negligence and care- lessness has prevailed in some instances in the water depart- ment. Reference is made to ad- justments made by the city man- ager's office in cases where met- ers have been cross-connected to different consumers and in oth- er cases where meter readings have not been taken." No Money to He-lay Line The city has no money avail- able to re-lay a water line on South Francis that is scheduled to be paved. There is nothing in the contract about the water line being removed from the street to the parking. However, many of the proper- ty owners in that district sign- ed the paving petition with the idea in mind that the water line would be removed. Hanson said that it will cost Lhc city to move the line. The line has been giving trouble for some time, but that may be caused by faulty installation.' No More "Informal Agreements" One councilman said that the .vhole thing had been loosely landled and "we should go on record of having no more infor- nal agreements or understand- ings. "Considerable attention has been given to the airport re- quirements. The program, as it is understood by the city mana- ger, is to have a bond 'issue of approximately submitted to the people. This is to pay for the cost of the hangar and the erection of it with some minor Hanson reported. It was mentioned that about would pay for the erec- tion of the hangar, which cost and is not owned by the city, but by a group of men who underwrote it. On any work that is to be done ;il the airport that has nothing to do with profit making, the government is said to be willing to pay on 50-50 basis, but the actual construction of a hangar will have to be done wholly at citv expense. Further Airport Investigation The city manager was instruct- ed to further investigate the air- port situation and made a con- crete report to the city council. Some 30 days will be required to obtain necessary information, Hansen asserted. Another phase to be investigat- ed further is the possibility of army engineers erecting the han- gar. The engineers would have their own mobile equipment and KASY JOB FOB FOREMAN: Ralph Kelly, top side foreman of shaft No. 2 of the. Moffat Mine, Sparta, Illinois, sits whittlin' away. His job is an easy one since he is the only miner in the vicinity of the deserted, strike bound Lewis Sleeps Through It No Flutter at Residence as Deadline Passes, Morning Papers Bring Him News of U. S. Plant By KARL K. BAUMAN ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. morning newspapers brought John L. Lewis news of what might be in store for him today. While a sidewalk crowd of newsmen and c u' r i o u s watched, a servant emerged from the front door''of Lewis' home in this suburban Washington community at 8'a. m.i picked up a newspaper on the porch and ducked" back into the house. The headlines on Washington newspapers read: "U. S.'Ready to Jail John L." "U. S. to Ask Jail for Lewis." The lights at the Lewis home blinked out before mid- night last night and the UMW boss apparently slept as the second general walkout of miners this year got under way. The deadline Lewis had set for expiration of his con- tract with the government passed at that hour without a flutter from his residence. Throughout the night nobody had entered the big old Colonial frame house; nobody had left. Once a newsman the door, wishing to inquire whether Lewis would have anything to say. The houseman who responded gave him this word: "Mr. Lewis is not to be disturbed." A few of the curious, mostly 'teen age boys and girls, joined the waiting reporters and photographers from time to time, stood around a while, and left. could do than the job much faster contractor could, and give trainees useful experience. (Continued on Page 2 Column 2) The preacher John Wesley de- clared tea to be harmful to both body and soul. 'WEATHER OKLAHOMA Much colder this afternoon and tonight with a c-old wave north tonight; temper- atures north, 25-112 south by morning: generally fair west: cloudy, clearing cast tonight; Fri- day fair and colder east and south. Wyalt Freeman In Tulsa Hospital With Asthma Rev. Mitchell S. Epperson was in Tulsa Wednesday, attending the annual state conference of the Oklahoma Social Welfare As- sociation. While there he called on a former Adan, Wyatl C. Freeman, who is in Hillcrost Memorial hospital, suffering from bron- chial asthma. Mr. Epperson reports that Mr. Freeman has been given'a leave of absence from h i s teaching position and expects to go to Arizona as soon as he is able to travel. Mr. Freeman is in Room 253 and would be greatly cheered by cards and letters from his friends in Ada. Mr. Freeman was for several years head of the vocal music in Ada High school and for a time also directed the high school band and orchestra. He is now in charge of instrumental music at Will Rogers High school in Tulsa. City Buys Sewer (leaning Machine Will Speed Work of Un- clo'gging Lines, Use Fewer Men The City of Ada has purchased a sewer cleaning machine, that will take the place of several men when it becomes necessary to unclog a sewer line. The machine is a labor sav- er and will pay for itself in less than six months, as only two men are required to operate it properly where from six to eight are required for a 'hand labor' job, W. E. manager, says. In addition to labor and man- power saved, less than one-tenth the time will be required for two' men to clean a sewer than is usually required from an eight man crew. The machine will also remove obstructions in lines that other- wise would have to be removed by digging a hole in paving to reach the trouble. Hansen said that the company will make immediate delivery. AUCTION TO BE CLIMAX OF KINGFISHER TURK SHOW KINGFISHER, Okla., Nov. 21, fourth annual Kingfish- er turkey and poultry show op- ened today and will be climaxed tonight with the auctioning of the prize-winning dressed turkeys. Twenty-two turkey growers in this area have entered 72 birds in the dressed-turkey contest. Last year's grand prize winnci1 was a 27-pound torn turkey ex- hibited by Virgil Loren'z of Hitchcock and brought the own- er a pound for a total of TULSA, Okla., Nov. 21, The Shell Oil company has an- nounced it will distribute Dec. 2 a bonus of one week's basic salary to all employes in the Tul- sa area who were on its payroll on or before Nov. 16, Homestead Law Not Hit by Amendments Williamson Rules School Measures Will Not Affect Exemption OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov. 21, Oklahoma's provision for homestead exemption will not be affected by adoption of the constitutional school amendments Nov. 5, in the opinion of the at- torney general. The amendments, which pro- vide revisions in school tax lev- ies, were oppbse.d by some group on the grounds they would make homesteads liable for taxation. Fred Hansfon, assistant attor- ney prepared the opin- ion, which held that the wording of the amen'djments guarded a- gainst imposing the added tax on homesteads. In other opinions, the attorney general held: 1. An old statutory prohibition against the appointment of a Cleveland county resident "to the board of regents for the Univer- sity of Oklahoma, which is locat- ed in that county, was removed by a 1944 amendment, establish- ing a constitutional board of re- gents for' the university. 2. The University of Oklahoma board of regents should obtain legislative authority before turn- ing over a building to a student cooperative group to establish a veterans' grocery on the campus. There are many eye-appealing and palate-tempting ways of pre- paying cauliflower. It is usually boiled and served with butter, lemon or Hollandaise sauce. It may be baked and served "au and it is excellent when made into soups and fritters. Then, too, very young, tender clusters can be served raw, as is, celery, or included in a salad. Know the location of the near-' est five alarm box and the correct way to call the local fire depart- ment. Hope Fading For Rescue Transport Crashed in High Alpine Area Swept By Bitterly Cold Winds PARIS, Nov. 21, can authorities at Orly airfield said tonight they feared the out- look was virtually hopeless for the 11 persons aboard a crashed C-53 transport unless rescue crews 'reached within a few hours the spot in the Alps whei-e the plane came down two days ago. They pointed out the foot-high area was swept by bit- ter winds. U. S. army head- quarters at Frankfurt reported a radio message saying eight of the 11 were stretcher cases. The passengers included a brigadier general and the wives of three brigadier generals. Mystery Report Heard The Lyon airport radio sta- tion reported a message that "someone on the ground" had been sighted, but it did not know whether this referred to the plane's occupants or to res- cue parties toiling up the snow- clad slopes of the Mt., Cenis re- gion. A mysterious radio message led to a premature announcement of the plane's discovery- Col. Hil- bert F. Muenter, of the U. S. European air transport service, made rhe announcsment and then withdrew it. This mes- sage, saying- the wreckage had been sighted on a glacier, was attributed to one of the search planes, but other planes said they had no knowledge of it. The Lyon-Bron radio announc- ed a message from'the C-53 at 5 p. m. (10 a. CST) saying "we want to live." Weather Closing In A C-54 circled the area 10 hours in clear weather without sighting any wreckage. The weather was beginning to close in as the pilot left the district. Some Hard Coal Miners Joining General Walkout; Nation Is Preparing for Shotage of Coal Conservation Moves Being Planned To Meet Coal Famine Stars and Stripes Still Wave Over Deserted Mines Coal Diggers Ignore Plea To Stay on Job in Govern- ment-Managed Mines PITTSBURGH, Nov. 21, A general walkout by the Unit- ed Mine Werners shut down the nation's soft coal industry to- day. The United Mine Work- ers in the bituminous fields pre- dicated their walkout upon what John L. Lewis regarded as a termination of .the union's con- tract with the government Tra- ditionally the miners do not work without a contract. The walkouts spread into the anthracite field of Pennsylvania, with 7.500 employes of eight large mines quitting work. The hard coal industry employes 000 miners, who are under a con- tract separate from the bitumi- nous one. The situation in the fields was generally calm.. Miners simply failed to show up at the pits. A representative of the solid fuels administration said at Pittsburgh that the walkout is "definitely on." The Stars and of government management of the waved over mine properties deserted by grimy- iaced coal diggers who chose not to heed the government's plea that they remain at work. Picture By States The state-by-state picture: West Virginia All Earlier U. S. army headquart- miners walked off jobs at 605 ers at Frankfurt reported a radio j commercial pits in the nation's message saying eight of the 11 leading coal state. The Chosa- persons aboard the C-53 were stretcher cases. The Istres air- port said a Panamerican Air- ways plane had sighted the trans- port, but Panamerican reported from its Turin office that none of its planes that landed there had sighted the wreckage. Adan's Kin Lost Life in Colorado 'Former Atoka Man Freezes To Death on Rescue Trip The body of Russell Northcutt', 21, is being returned to Atoka from near Holly, Colo., where he was found frozen to death last Friday. He is a nephew of H. L. Bullard, 415 East Eighth'. Mr. Bullard has received, a let- ter from Colorado giving back- ground information involving the death of his nephew. Northcutt was driving a trac- tor through the snow en route to some trucks that were stalled several miles from his farm. He apparently left his tractor after it become stuck in the snow and tried to find the" stall- ed trucks, but is believed to have lost his way in the snow and was frozen to death. Northcutt and his wife moved to a farm near Holly, Colo., last MarcK The man drove his tractor from the farm Saturday, Nov. 9, and it was Friday, Nov. 15, when the body was. found, Mrs. Northcutt and her son, who was born Wednesday, Nov. 13, will return to Tupelo where they will make their home wir.h her parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Sliger. arrangements will be announced later. peake and Ohio railroad expected to i-educe shifting crews as soon as all coal is pulled from sidings. soft coal miners in western Pennsyl- vania idle. Walkouts spread to anthracite fields employing 000 in eastern Pennsylvania. the state's 000 UMW miners were idle, clos- ing 260 large mines. Approxi- mately progressive mine workers were still on the job in four large mines and about independents were working small truck mines. mines employing UMW members closed, idling 000. About 850 .progressive mine workers also did not report for work. However, other progressive mines operated. The progressives have about members in the state. Alabama-r-UMW mines in the southern steel state were down 100 percent, idling Some men kept working at non- union operations. percent walk- out in western Maryland's two coal-producing counties, normal- ly employing A spokesman for one group of miners said they would be permitted to dig coa! for a miners' hospital and Iocs. schools if fuel supplies run out Other states reporting complete walkouts, included Ohio, miners; Virginia, and In- diana, The nation-wide shutdown oj soft coal choked off the flow of vital fuel to industries and homes Truman Still Vacationing Rides German Sub; Sub- ordinates Follow His Orders In Coal Dealings By ERNEST B. VACCARO KEY WEST, Fla., Nov. (IP) Truman proceeded to- day with his vacalic.ii schedule as tin; nation's soft coal miners deserted the pits and the govern- ment went ahead with plans to press contempt proceedings against John L. Lewis. Donning tan slacks and a pink sports shirt, the president took a ride on the U-21513, a former German submarine captured shortly before the close of the war. One of the "schnorkel'' type, it is the object of examina- tion at this naval submarine base. Reporters, questioning presi- dential press secretary Charles G. Ross as the party boarded the vessel, were told "there's nothing developments" on the con] strike from temporary White House headquarters here. "All we know is that they (the miners) went special coun- sel Clark M. Clifford said. Ross said the While House staff here had not talked sincn last night with Attorney Geenral Tom Clark and Interior Secretary J. A. Krug, government operator of the mines, in whose hands the administration's next step has been left. Early English law required ev- ery tea merchant to have a sell- ing license. Great Britain is approximately three, times the size of Ireland. When tea was first used in Eng- land it cost to a pound. Greater returns for amount In- vested. Ada News Want Ads. Five of a Kind A lot rarer than four-of-n-kind in poker are quintuplet calves .like those pictured above. The four bulls and a heifer were born a year ago in Fairbury, Neb., to a red shorthorn ma and Hereford father. They are pictured as, accompanied by three railroad freight agents on account their value, they arrived in a spe- cially equipped private baggage car at Grand National Livestock Exposition, San Francisco. May Get Five More Pounds of Sugar Prediction Made 1947 To ..Bring Higher Ration MIAMI, Nov. H. Marshall, director of the agri- culture department's s u g a i branch, predicted today that con- sumers may get five pounds more sugaj in 1947 than is being ra tioned to them this year. The ration entitles everyone to 23 pounds this year, including 10 pounds canning allowance. Undei Marshall's forecast, the 1947 di- rect supply would be 30 pounds An additional quantity averag- ing about 48 pounds per person is used in manufactured food pro- ducts, soft drinks, candies, and the like. Marshall said this quan- tity might be increased to an av- erage of about 54 pounds through allocation of larger supplies to the manufacturers. Marshall gave this preview of the lfl'17 sugar outlook in a talk prepared for a meeting of the American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages. The sugar official expressed the opinion that "for the present" lifting of price controls and ab- andonment of sugar rationing would "not be in the best in- terests of the industry or of the ultimate consumer." "I say these things because sugar is still in very short supply and you men know quite well that decontrol could result in a substantial increase in he said. U.J. Has Dale With Eclipse of Sun Moon to Throw Shadow Across Nation NEW YORK, Nov. 21, The Hayden Planetarium said to- day that residents of Augusta, would have what amounts 1o the best grandstand seat in the United States to view the partial eclipse of the sun on Saturday, which will be visible over most of this country and Canada. Robert R. Coles, associate cur- ator at the Planetarium, said the partial eclipse would reach 64 per cent at Augusta. The partial eclipse will be caused by the moon passing be- tween the sun and the earth, throwing a part of the moon's shadow across the earth and screening a portion of the sun. the phenomenon will begin at a. m. reach its cli- max at a. m., and- end al p. m. Coles cautioned that anyone who wishes to observe the par- tial eclipse without risking eye injury should use dark glasses or gaze at the sun through over- exposed film. The finest and most subtle fla- vor often comes from a blend of several herbs rather than just one. Read The News Classified Adi. Government Attorneys Ex- pected to Go Into Court Some Time Today ny Tlir AsKOrUtfd Vrfft WASHINGTON, Nov. Assistant Attorney General John Sonnctt left the justice depart- ment for federal court at p. m. (CST) today to ask that John L. Lewis be cited for contempt. Sonnctt arrived at the district court building a few minutes later nnd promptly went into the cham- bers of Judge T. Alan Golds- borough. Judge who en- joined Lewis from permitting a coal mine walkout last an injunction which Lewis had adjourned hi> court sccvral hours earlier, court several hours earlier, could be acted on in chambers, however. The government moved quickly to cite John L. Lewis for con- tempt of court today as a general walkout of UMW miners occur- red in the soft coal mines. Reports from the field indicat- ed some anthracite miners were joining the bituminous diggers in a stoppage that could eventually touch all industry. Work suspension came in the face of government pleas to keep the mines going. Lewis, who disregarded a court order to restore the effectiveness of the miners' contract with the government, continued silent. The United Mine Worker boss was at his home in suburban Al- exandria, Va., and as the morn- ing passed there was no indioa- iipn that he planned to come into his Washington union headquar- ters. There were indications there that Lewis may have made arrangements for an extended ab- sence from his office. It wan known that he spent much of yesterday answering mail and otherwise clearing his desk of pending business. Court Clears Routine By noon today, government at- torneys were expected to go be- fort Federal Judge T. Alan Golds- borough and petition for a con- tempt citation tint might sub- ject him to fine or imprisonment. However, midday came and went with the govcrnnient attor- neys still in consultation and in- dications that there would be some delay in their appearance in court. Judge Goldsborough disposed of routine matters before him during the morning and adjourn- ed his court for the day shortly- bcforc 12 o'clock. He left the court building for lunch but aides said he would be in his cham- bers later in the afternoon. FWA And CPA Into Action Orders went out to cushion the impact of a prospective coal fam- ine. Federal Works Administrator Philp B. Fleming ordered a re- turn to wartime heating and lighting strictures in all federal buildings throughout the country which depend on coal. Fleming said he will seek to reduce temperatures to the war- time level of 68 degrees. The order affects approximately 300 buildings in the capital alone. The Civilian Production Ad- ministration prepared a directive designed to help ration artificial gas, produced from coal. The same agency pondered an dec- Iricity conservation order. Local Leaders Involved In all-out action, the adminis- tration was reported also prepar- ing to seek punishment for any local union leaders or others who (Continued on Page 2 Column 2) TH' PESSIMIST llr You can blow your own horn, but it ain't music t' anybody's ears except yours. Clothes may make woman, but generally she has I' first "make" a man.
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