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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - October 17, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma We hope the old adage holds true that all that goes up comes meat and other food that the reverse is all that goes down comes the supplies. AMrme Net Sept., Paid Circulation 8575 Mrxnber: Audit Bureau of Circulation THE ADA EVENING NEWS FINAL EDITION 43rd 156 ADA, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1946 FIVE CENTS THE COPY U. S. Free Enterprise Faces Test Mutt Make Good in Next Few Yean Against- Rising Tide of Socialism in World By JAMES MAKLOW WASHINGTON. Oct. 17 we fio on the great adven- ture. Pretty soon now the govern- ment will have taken off wage controls and most of its price con- trols. Then at last we'll be back in that free free en- terprise w h i c h businessmen called fur since the war ended. And right there the great ad- venture begins. next five or ton or twenty t'cirs may be the most important tin- history of the United blrtlc.-. They may, in fact, decide v. iii-tricr free enterprise is to con- to be the way of life in this country. If It Fails, What Then? For if after a decade or two of piosperous free enterprise wi> i: into depression because 1: re rntorpri.M- failed to keep us (..it of then? Would we then once more, as have nfter so many other do- p: onions in this country, be able Vi ourselves up and go on f.cain with free enterprise, giv- ;r-.s another chance? Or would of despera- tion, or fear of the future, or desire to get out of the eepression at any cost turn to s-t.-or.g government controls? If so, what form would those government controls take? j Would they be just an all-over iiiliiti-ninK up which, nevertheless. fiee enteipri.se continue in form? Or would it mean iv.'-ialiMn? or fascism? The possibility of socialism or fascism in this country seems rc- now, perhaps absurd. HuiiRfr .Makes Difference But no one at this minute v. hen America seems to'be enter- ing upon a rich and successful see how much liberty fie people might be willing to icld if they became jobless, inin- grv and hopeless in depression. In tint country free enterprise ,1 cans fircd'im from Covern- Ti.i-nt dictation- -of business to set its own pi u-c.i on its goods imd labor to bargain for whatever wages it can get for its work. In that way the public is free buy, or not to buy, a business- rr.an'f goods and, in order to sell his goods, he sets prices the pub- lic is willing to pay. That's the theory. We- have been raised on the tradition that free enterprise, by l.-i-e men. has made this country Kicat and will continue to keep at that way. We had such free enterprise before the war. Then the war rarne and, up until now. the gov- rrniM-iit told business what prices it r.'uld charge and labor what v. ages it could get. Now tins is ciiainK. Face Stronger Socialism So we start out again upon free enterprise but in a world where socialism the opposite of free far stronger than it before the war, and more widespread. Socialism is government own- of the essential means of reduction and distribution of goods, like coal mines, aviation, railroads.) Russian is scitiahsm in extreme form be- cause it is a dictatorship with PCA eminent ownership of pracli- cvervthing is far more powerful than in 193U. Socialism Gains in England And Russia, all polite words dominates eastern Europe. But socialism has spread to England, that original home of free enterprise, although in much :r.ilder form than in Russia. In England the government has as- sumed ownership of the Bank of England, communications, and civil aviation. And it will lake over the coal mines next year. So the people of the whole including this country, Russia and England, will be vatchmg to see how these oppo- s.te ways of living work out: Tree enterprise here, socialism :r. England, communism in Rus- sia. Americans are bound to be in- fluenced by what happens in England and Russia just as the people of those countries will be influenced by what happens here. These next years will he a test. Which works better: Free enter- p: ;se or socialism? In England and Russia the gov- e.T.njcnts will actively be trying luake socialism work. All Must Help Here In this country business and will have to do their equal with help from government in some form or in making free enterprise Fiee enterprise can be given n death blow here in the immediate in the long run, i Continued on page 2, column 1) PRICE LIDS OFF COFFEE, FATS, OILS WEATHER OKLAHOMA Partly cloudy and cooler tonight with showers extreme cast; Friday eeneriilly cooler east. Peace, Meet Not Failure Made Some Progress, Byrnes Says; U. S. Cancels Credits, Loan to Czechs By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON, Oct. of Stale Byrnes re- turned today from the Paris peace conference and received President Truman's congratula- tions for doing a "mosl excellent job" :il the 21-nalion conclave. Byrnes reported to Mr. Tru- man immediately after arriving home. The conference was the first meeting of the na- tion's top foreign policy makers since Henry Wallace was ousted from the cabinet for criticizing Byrnes' handling of relations with Russia. Although the state department chief lold reporters he could say nothing about his conversations at the White House, Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross reported th.nl Mr. Trurnnn had congratulated Byrnes on his work. Ross said the secretary gave Mr. Truman a "complete report" on the peace conference and that the chief executive felt Byrnes had clone a "most excellent job." Works On Radio Report Byrnes hurried from the White House lo his office lo begin draft- ing a radio report to the nation tomorrow. Karlier at the airport, he had told newsmen the peace confer- ence "made progress" toward writing the peace for Europe, It was not, he said, a failure. Byrnes flew to Washington in the president's personal plane, "The Sacred Cow." He was in good spirits and "happy" to be back after a three-month absence. Senator Vandenoerg who accompanied Byrnes, said there were both "peace credit and peace debit at Paris but on the whole thi; balance shows a nel advantage for Byrnes' return from the confer- ence, where he. was in almost constant conflict with Russia's Foreign Minister Mololov, con- cidcd with now indications that American relations with Russian bloc countries are worsening. Differences Intensified Byrnes'- speech is expected to deal with the whole range of critical issues involved in United States-Russian relations. On top of clear indications- that these is- sues generally were inlensified rather than solved by the Paris meeting, the stale department disclosed a dramatic new develop- ment on the very eve of the cab- inet officer's -return. Officials said the United States had cancelled sur- plus properly credit to Czecho- slovakia and in addition had sus- pended indefinitely a pending rehabilitation loan to the Czechs by the export-import bank. Czechs Approved Cliurffcs The primary reason behind this slap at one of the countries in the Russian bloc was said to be the Czech backing Soviet charges at Paris that the United States is resorting lo "dol- lar diplomacy" in eastern Europe in an-effort to advance "American Weather In Reversal Switches from Chill To Warmth, Keleps Hinting At Showers'During Day Within tho last few days the weather of this area has dabbled with several varieties and hasn't come 'up with anything decisive leaving off the rain- I fall that is increasingly, needed. Less than a week ago the tem- perature was as cold as 35 de- grees with light frost. Wednesday it was up lo 77 de- grees, with little wind, and the effect was pdcrate. Further reversion toward shirt-sleeve weather was indicated during the night with a minimum of 65 de- high as the maximum five or six days earlier. A few light showers early Thursday produced a reading of .03 of an inch here, bringing the month's tolal to an unimpressive .23 .ot an inch. More Classes For Veterans Engaged In On-Job Training Further development of the required classwork of the veter- ans' on-the-job is announced by J. B. Wallers, who is directing the schedule of classes. A drafting class will meet for Ihe first lime tonight (Thurs- day) at o'clock at Ada High school. Already 15 are enrolled and others whose training calls for this type of training are in- vited to attend and enroll. Next Monday night there will be organized correspondence study for veterans in on-job training whose types of work do not have enough in each classj- fication to form a separate clas's. This includes accounting, blue- print reading and other subject matter. The correspondence work is in connection with ICS and other leading correspon- dence schools, with supervised study provided here at regular periods. (Continued on Page 2 Column 1) One Out of Seven Vets in Oklahoma Area In On-Job Training or Getting Schooling OKLAHOMA CITY, Oct. Frank S. decider said today one out of every seven veterans of World War II in the 47 counties in the Oklahoma City region of the Veterans Adminis- Iraliqn now is taking on-lhe-job training or receiving educational j benefils. decider said lhat a total of 825 veterans in the region are taking the training or receiving Ihe benefits. Ho added the latest survey of tho area indicated its World War j U veteran population lolals j317. i In addilion. there are veterans of World War one in the region. !Read The News Classified Ads. MAN WHO HANGED NAZIS: John C. Woods, San An- tonio, Texas, American army hangman, who was the executioner of the ten remaining lenders of Hitler's Third'Reich, holds the hangman's noose in his hands. The hangings took place in the prison at Nuernberg, (NEA Radiophoto) CHILDREN NEGLECTED, FATHER HELD: .Dr. Russell Winters, right, will face charges of con- tributing to the delinquency of minors in Chicago, after .police found Gloria, 4i-years-old, and Maria Winters, 2, in this condition in the Winter's home.in Chicago. The children were removed lo the County hospital where they are said to be suffering from Idabel Woman Pleads Guilt Fined, Sentences Sus- pended After Part Leading To Bank Robbery Told Mrs. Elizabeth Dooley, 31, charged in federal court on three banking violation charges, enter- ed a plea of guilty to the third of 'three charges and was sen- tenced by Judge Eugene Rice in U. S. District court for the East- ern District of Oklahoma, Thurs- day morning. She had. previously entered a plea of. guilty on the first two 'charges, at which lime she enter- ed a plea of not guilty on the third count. The case started Feb. 14 when the' First State bank of- Idabel .was robbed'of The. judge fixed the former teller in the .Idabel State bank on a conspiracy count -and sentenced her' to two years in prison on each of the other the bank and bank suspended the sentences which were lo have run conseculivcly. Four Men Involved Four men also were connecied with the case and they preious- ly entered pleas of guilty and were sentenced to prison terms. The bank and vault doors'were found locked, behind the depart- ing burglars. Arrests in the rob- ery did not occur weeks later. After entering her plea of guilty on the third count, Dooley saw several Idabel citizens take the witness stand as character witnesses. Judge, Bankers Confer After the. witness, had left the stand, Judge Rice took two offi- cials from the Idabel bank into his private office where he talk- ed 'with them for about eight minutes. Shortiy after the re- turn of the bank officials, Judge Rice reentered the court room and continued with the case. The council for the defense was given permission to explain the entire story connected with the defendant. Defendant's Story Told He explained that she was married several years ago and was the mother of a daughter be- fore some family difficulties a- rose -in about 1942. The council pointed out that her first mistake was a false con- ception and added that her part in the robbery of the bank was a weakness, not dishonesty. He explained that she told of- ficers that she and her friend (one of the four men involved in the case) had several drinks together, then she gave informa- tion to her friend concerning the bank. Character witnesses who took the witness stand said that her family has a good background and is a good family. One wit- ness said that she WEIS a good Christian girl before family dif- ficulties. J Mrs.-Dooley, a divorcee, now is employed by a sawmill firm in Idabel and the owner of the firm was one of the character witnesses in the case. She waived preliminary hear- ing al Muskogee last spring and was free on bond pending Thurs- day's hearing. CANTON, Oct. 17 of- ficial central news agency today reported the Chinese navy had won "a sea battle" 'against a pirate fleet, forcing the freeboot- ers to abandon 'the gunboat Hai Using and the transport Hai Tung. There were no details. Greater returns for amount in- vested. A4a News Want Ads. f Nazis Bodies Cremated Scattered, Place Of Dispersal Not Revealed By Authorities Oct. The bodies of Hermann Goering and the 10 hanged Nazi war criminals have been cremated and the ashes "dispersed secret- it was officially announced today. The announcement of the dis- position of the bodies was made at p.m. by Col. B, C. Andrus, prison commandant. He spoke in the name of the Allied .control council, which was of all details of the hangings and burial. A six-line communique cleared up the major mystery in the wake of the hangings. The bodies were removed from the prison at a.m. Wednesday p.m. Tuesday, EST) in two sealed trucks, guarded jeeps. Where cremation took place was not disclosed. The dispersal details were wrapped in equal secrecy. AFL Wants Housing Emphasis (hanged To Vet Apartments CHICAGO, Oct. 17 (fP) The American Federation of Labor today called on the administration to change its housing goals for veterans to produce more apart- ments for rent and fewer one- family homes for sale. At the same time the AFL con- vention demanded that President Truman summon congress back to Washington for a special ses- sion to enact the Wagner-Ellen- der-Taft General Housing bill. The Convention took: its stand on housing as delegates prepared for final adjournment. The convention housing resolu- tion .said that, so fay, National Housing Expediter Wilson Wyatt has been concentrating on a pro- gram of one-family homes for veterans. "These one-family homes will cost more than the average war veteran can pay for in his re- maining years of life, thus caus- ing foreclosure and loss of his the resolution said. Most veterans hesitate "to be tied to the responsibility of pay- ing a long-term and rental apartments would provide "a living set-up within the veter- an's spending means, causing him more the resolu- tion added. The AFL executive council said t h e Wagner-EIlender-Taft bill would help, create housing "for every American family and a vol- ume of construction large'enough to enable the construction indus- try to make its necessary contri- bution to an economy of full pro- duction and full employment." The convention yesterday elected 73-year-old William Green to a 24th consecutive term as AFL president. Also reelected without apposition were secre- tary-treasurer George Meany and all 13 federation vice-presidents. San Francisco was selected as the 1947 AFL convention city. In accepting office for another term, Green pledged to concen- trate on AFL organizing aclivity in the south and elsewhere in the nation. He said he hope to report back to the 1947 or 1948 conven- tion's that AFL membership, now had reached more than HAMILTON, Ont. Oct. 17 Mrs. Evelyn MacLean Dick, 26, was under 'sentence today to die on the gallows next Jan. 7 for the torso murder of her husband, who had threatened to divorce her. She plans to appeal. Thomas Irked By Currency Finds Financial Chaos In Prospect in Europe, Even- Dollar Not Stable There By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK WASHINGTON, Oct. back from" Europe, Sen- ator Elmer Thomas (D.-Okla.) related today he found that in travelers' checks could be ex- changed for in and S10 in Switzerland and "It is going to be a long time before the world will see any effective inlernnlioncil stabiliza- tion oil-currency. Things nrc bad now and the financial chaos in prospect in Europe hasn't really started yet." Currency stabilization is the major objective of the international monetary fund conceived at the Bretton Woods, N. H., conference in 1944. Machinery for the fund has been established only recently, and requests have been made for member nations to report by mid-December the exchange value they set on their currency. Fund officials have talked of ac- tive operations early next year. Even Dollar Not Stable Thomas said in an interview his experience demonstrated that in Europe "the dollar is not even stale." "Other countries can only stab- ilize their currency in terms of the dollar and it isn't he added, Thomas said Ihe willingness of some Swiss lo give in U. S. currency for in travelers checks apparently was because "they want dollars that are on deposit in the Uniled States." He called the official exchange rate of 120 French francs lo Die dollar "completely out of line" with the "common rate" in Paris which he said was 260 to 300 francs to the dollar. GI's Kobbed By Francs Hence American soldiers and civilian personnel who receive part of their pay in francs at the official rate "are just being rob- ber of half their s a 1 a r i e Thomas declared. He said he intends to recom- mend to the war department that soldiers get their pay in scrip which they could exchange for francs at whatever rate Ih'ev find. Keitel Planned On Taking Own Life Clumsy Handling of Wallet Reveals Sharp Piece of Metal By THOMAS A. REEDY NUERNBERG, Oct. Field Marshal Wilhelm Keilel planned like Hermann Goering to evade the gallows wilh suicide, but was foiled by clumsy hand- ling of his wallet, prison authori- ties disclosed today. As a special board of three U. S. a.rmy officers combed every possibility to determine how Goering managed to poison him- self, Col. B. C. Andrus, com- mandant, revealed Ihe Kcilel story for the first time: Keitel had returned lo prison after a court appearance one day recently and was changing to old clothing, as was customary. As he shifted his wallet he pushed something down in a fold. An alert guard noticed it and grabbed the wallet. In a corner he found a long, sharp piece of metal easily capable of slashing the wrists or the throat Keitel shot the guard a dirty look, but said nothing. He refused to ex- plain how he got it. Greater returns for amount in- vested. Ada News Want Ads. Cattle Price Drops at O. C, Heavy Run of Stock At Markets as Owners Rush To Get- in on High Prices OKLAHOMA CITY, Oct. 17 (fP) prices took a nosedive at the stockyards here today in a market jammed with squeal- ing porkers, compared to average recent runs of less than 500. Trading in hogs reached a standstill at noon, with offered prices plummeting a hun- dredweight lower than those of yesterday. Packers bid n hundred- weight for barrows and gilts and farmers apparently were holding back to awuit better offers. Small packers were doing bus- iness on barrows and gilts at an offered top of Cattle also jammed the stock- yards, with receipts estimated at cattle and calves but prices stood about steady at noon, with a lop of the same as that of yesterday, being offered. Trucks Still Arriving; Trucks still were arriving at the stockyards at noon with load after load of bawling cattle, and obscn'-.rs saw a possible new day's record in the offing. A week ago, only cattle, calves, 408 hogs and 149 sheep were received here. All-time high mark for the market was set July 15, when cattle, calves, hogs and sheep were re- ceived. No Immediate Effect Experts agreed that while the run will help it doesn't mean state meat counters will be immediate- ly filled with choice cuts of beef and pork. It will take some time for the packing'houses to .absorb the new run of livestock and make it ready for the hungry i they said. j One stockyard observed de- scribed the run as "nothing ab- normal under the circumstances." I Trying- for High Prices I He pointed out thiiL entile hnve been withhold from the irmrkcl during the recent control period and that cattlemen were only trying to get in on the ground (Continued on Page 2 Column 2) Livestock, Cotton, Dairy Products, Grain Prices Skid ny The Associated FI-CKK Prices for livestock, dairy products, cotlon and grains start- ed to slide in markets across the nation today as Washington threw the decontrol program into high gear. Record prices paid Wednesday for hogs, cattle and sheep were i punctured by the impact of arri- i val of tens of. thousands of ani- mals at principal markets. i At Chicago hogs dropped to i a hundredweight and at St. Louis nearly as much. In Omaho, livestock trucks I lined up for miles to unload. 1 At Kansas City, where an all- night stream of animals glutted the market, and elsewhere the trend was downward. At New York wholesale butler prices cracked 7 to 8 cents a pound. The sharp break was attribulcd lo strong consumer resistance to retail levels of a pound and more. Cotton futures in New York broke a bale. New York cheese declined 1 to 6 cents a pound. 'Eggs declined 1 to 3 cents a dozen in New York. At the grain futures market in Chicago wheat lost the limit of 5 cents a bushel. At New York cottonseed oil futures trading resumed after a 4-month suspension and all quo- tations immediately jumped the I-ccnt-a-pound daily limit. Governors of the New York coffee and sugar exchange plan- ned to act on resumption of trad- ing in coffee futures late today. Stock and bond pricey in New York dropped 1 to 3 points, in- fluenced in part by the decline in commodities. Perrln Field Goes Will Be Placed on Inactive Status November 20 SHERMAN, Tex.. Oct. field near here has been placed on temporary inactive stalus effective Nov. 30, Col Chester P. Gilger, commanding officer, announced today. The order affects about 200 civilian employes, most of whom were expected to be released, and 300 military personnel, who are to be transferred to other sta- tions. Col. Gilger said a directive is- sued by Maj. Gen. James P. Hodges at a conference at AAF slalion commanders at Randolph field yesterday explained the or- der was necessary because of drastic reduction in appropria- tions for the armed forces. OPA Speeding Up Decontrol President Reported Prepar- ing to Hasten Scrapping Of Wage WASHINGTON, Oct. 17. OPA today removed price lids from coffee as it speeded up the decontrol drive. The price agency said it has approved a decontrol petition on both green and masted coffee at all levels of distribution. As the White House prepared lo hasten the scrapping of wage controls along with food price ceilings, OPA freed all vegetable fats and mayon- naise and salad federal restraints. Supply, Demand In Balance The agency said it agreed to lift its price ceilings on coffee because "data presented by the industry and obtained by OPA" indicated that "supply and de- mand were approximately in balance." The action represented the first formal approval of a peti- tion for removal of ceilings on requests of one of OPA's indus- trial advisory committees. The petitioner was the coffee industry advisory committee. OPA must act on such peti- tions within 15 days and it point- ed out that today's action came 10 days after the decontrol peti- tion was acceped. Even as the pace quickened, UNRRA Director Fiorello H. La Guardia denounced tho decision which led to the moval of meat de- clared the new policy will result in "industrial confusion, financial dislocation, social disturbance and political dictatorship." Wage Decision Soon As La Guardia spoke, in Okla- homa City, a high government of- ficinl here predicted that "in a diiy or so" President Truman will clarify the stnlus of the Wage Stabilization Board. This is the in- duslry, whose indus- try members recently submitted resignations to Mr. Trurnan. Some labor and business leaders have demanded that it be abolished. While forecasting a quick der cision on the board, officials said the singe already is sot for "ac- of wage con- trols. Hence they expressed doubt that the president .will consider it necessary to lake any further action on this right nway.' "He made his position clear on 'that when he said in his radio talk (Monday night) that the speed-up of price decontrol will necessarily hasten the removal of? wage said one of- ficial in close touch with the White House discussions. The official told a reporter that faster scrapping of wnge curbs "will be automatic" as price lids drop off. since only industries under ceilings are tied at present at pay controls. OPA "Going: to Roll" He added that OPA is "really going to roll" in getting rid of price ceilings, and that this in turn will free wages in most in- dustries very soon. In some fields construction, for will remain under control for some time. Hence, wages will too. As for the wage board, AFL and CIO members of the panel conferred yesterday with recon- version director John R. Steel- man. They indicated beforehand they would urge liquidation of the board to permit a return to unrestricted collective bargain- ing. But W. Willard Wirtz, chair- man of the board and a public member, told newsmen after a separate conference with Steel- man that removal of curbs on any wage increases negotiated in collective bargaining would have the effect of eliminating virtually all pay controls almost at once. Wirtz said he did not believe this course was being considered (Continued on page 2, column 1) TH' PESSIMIST Bx Itob Gosh, ain't it quiet around home when th' radio an' your wife go out al th' same time. You'll live longer if you keep your eyes on th' curves ahead instead o' th' ones be- side vou.
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