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Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - October 17, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma We hope the old odage holds true foot oil thot goes up comes down—with meat and other food prices—and that the reverse is true—that all that goes down comes up—In the supplies. A\ersge Net Sept., Paid Circulation 8575 Member: Audit Bureau of Circulation THE ADA EVENING NEWS 43rd Year—No. 136 U. S. Free Enterprise Faces Test Must Moke Good in Next Few Yeort Against Rising Tide of Socialism in World ADA, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1946 FIVE CENTS THE COPY PRICE LIDS OFF COFFEE, FATS, OILS By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON. Oct. 17 (A*)— Here we go on the great adventure. Pretty soon now the government will have taken off wage controls and most of its price controls. Then at last we ll be back in that free economy—that free enterprise — which businessmen have called for since the war ended. And right there the great ad- \ er.tu: e begins. These next five or ten or twenty ' ears may be the most important in the history of the United States. They may, in fact, decide v. nether free entei prise is to continue to be the way of life in this country'. If It Fails, What Then? For if after a decade or two of prosperous free enterprise we crash into depression — because free enterprise failed to keep us out of depression—what then? Would we then once more, as v e have after so many other depressions in this country, be able to pick ourselves up and go on again with free enterprise, giving it another chance? Or would we—out of desperation, or fear of the future, or v earv desire to get out of the Depression at any cost — turn to strong government controls? If so what form would those strong government controls take? Would they be just an all-over tightening up which, nevertheless, let flee enterprise continue in limited form? Or would it mean socialism? or fascism? The possibility of socialism or fascism in this country seems remote now, perhaps absurd. Hunger Makes Difference But no one at this minute — when America seems to be entering upon a rich and successful era—can see how much liberty the people might be willing to * .eld if they became jobless, hungry and hopeless in depression. In this country free enterprise r ears freedom — from govern-ment dictation- -of business to set its own prices on its goods and labor to bargain for whatever wages it can get for its work. In that way the public is free to buy. or not to buy, a businessman's goods and, in order to sell his goods he sets prices the public is willing to pay. That’s the theory. We have been raised on the tradition that free enterprise, by free men, has made this country great and will continue to keep st that way. We had such free enterprise before the war. Then the war came and, up until now, the government told business what prices it could charge and labor what wages it could get. Now this is coding. Face Stronger Socialism So we start out again upon free enterprise but in a world where socialism — the opposite of free enter prise—is far stronger than it was before the w r ar, and more widespread. ( Socialism is government ownership of the essential means of production and distribution of goods, like coal mines, aviation, rail: oads. ) 0 Russian communism—which is socialism in extreme form becasse it is a dictatorship with government ow nership of pi aoli-c aly everything — is far more powerful than in 1939. Socialism Gains in England And Russia, all polite words aside, dominates eastern Europe. But socialism has spread to England, that original home of free enterprise, although in much milder form than in Russia. In England the government has assumed ownership of the Bank of England, communications, and civil aviation. And it will take over the coal mines next year. So the people of the w’hole world, including this country, Russia and England, will be watching to see how’ these oppose ways of living work out: F;ee enterprise here, socialism in England, communism in Russia. Americans are bound to be influenced by what happens in England and Russia just as the people of those countries will be influenced bv what happens here. These next years will be a test. Which works bettor: Free enterprise or socialism' In England and Russia the gov-emments will actively be trying to make socialism work. All Must Help Here In this country business and labor will have to do their equal share—maybe with help from government in some form or other—in making flee enterprise work. hep enterprise can be given a death blow he:e in the immediate future—and in the long run, too— (Continued on page 2, column I) WEATHER OKLAHOMA — Partly cloudy and cooler tonight with showers extreme east; Friday generally fair, cooler east Peats Meet Not Failure Mode Some Progress, Byrnes Soys; U. S. Cancels Credits, Loon to Czechs By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON. Oct. 17.—(ZP) —Secretary of State Byrnes returned today from the Paris peace conference and received President Truman's congratulations for doing a “most excellent job’’ at the 21-nation conclave. Byrnes reported to Mr. Truman immediately after arriving home. The 50-minute conference was the first meeting of the nation’s top foreign policy makers since Henry Wallace was ousted from the cabinet for criticizing Byrnes’ handling of relations with Russia. Although the state department chief told reporters he could say nothing about his conversations at the White House, Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross reported that Mr. Truman had congratulated Byrnes on his work. Ross said the secretary gave Mr. Truman a “complete report” on the peace conference and that the chief executive felt Byrnes had done a “most excellent job.” Works On Radio Report Byrnes hurried from the White House to his office to begin drafting a radio report to the nation tomorrow. Earlier at the airport, he had told newsmen the peace conference “made progress” toward writing the peace for Europe. It was not, he said, a failure. Byrnes flew- to Washington in the president’s personal plane, “The Sacred Cow'.” He was in good spirits and “happy” to be back after a three-month absence. Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich), who accompanied By&ies, said there were both “peace credit and peace debit at Paris but on the whole the balance shows a net advantage for peace.” Byrnes* return from the conference. where he was in almost constant conflict with Russia’s Foreign Minister Molotov, con-cided with new indications that American relations with Russian bloc countries are worsening. Differences Intensified Byrnes* speech is expected to deal with the whole range of critical issues involved in United States-Russian relations. On top of clear indications- that these issues generally u^ere intensified rather than solved by the Paris meeting, the state department disclosed a dramatic new development on the very eve of the cabinet officer’s return. Officials said the United States had cancelled a $40,000,000 surplus property credit to Czechoslovakia and in addition had suspended indefinitely a pending $50,000,000 rehabilitation loan to the Czechs by the export-import bank. Czechs Approved Charges The primary reason behind this $90,000,000 slap at one of the countries in the Russian bloc was said to be the Czech backing of Soviet charges al Paris that the United States is resorting to “dollar diplomacy” in eastern Europe in an effort to advance “American (Continued on Page 2 Column I) Weather In Reversal Switches from Chill To Warmth, Kdeps Hinting At Showers During Day Within the last few days the weather of this area has dabbled with several varieties and hasn’t come up with anything decisive —especially leaving off the rainfall that is increasingly needed. Less than a week ago the temps rature was as cold as 35 degrees with light frost. Wednesday it w-as up to 77 degrees, with little wind, and the effect was oderate. Further reversion toward shirt-sleeve weather was indicated during the night with a minimum of 65 degrees—as high as the maximum five or six days earlier. A few light showers early Thursday produced a reading of .03 of an inch here, bringing the month’s total to an unimpressive .23 of an inch. More (lasses For Veterans Engaged In On-Job Training Further development of the required classwork of the veterans’ on-the-job is announced by J. B. Watters, w-ho is directing the schedule of classes. A drafting class will meet for the first time tonight (Thursday) at 7:30 o’clock at Ada High school. Already 15 are enrolled and others w'hose training calls for this type of training are invited to attend and enroll. Next Monday night there will be organized correspondence study for veterans in on-job training whose types of work do not have enough in each classification to form a separate class. This includes accounting, blueprint reading and other subject matter. T h e correspondence w r ork is sdone in connection with ICS and other leading correspondence schools, with supervised study provided here at regular periods. • ¥- One Oui of Seven Vets in Oklahoma Area In On-Job Training or Getting Schooling OKLAHOMA CITY. Oct. 17 — (/Pi—Manager Frank S. Clocker said today one out of every seven veterans of World War II in the 47 counties in the Oklahoma City region of the Veterans Administration now is taking on-the-job training or receiving educational benefits. Cleckler said that a total of 21,-825 veterans in the region are taking the training or receiving the benefits. He added the latest survey of the area indicated its World War II veteran population totals 153,-317. In addition, there are 40,620 veterans of World War one in the region. ,——* - Read The News Classified Ads. SM??! NEGLECTED, FATHER HELD: Dr. Russell Winters, right, will face charges of contributing to the delinquency of minors in Chicago, after police found Gloria, 44-years-old and fh« if 8 ’ *u ls co ? u dl tion in toe Winter’s home in Chicago. The children were removed to the County hospital where they are said to be suffering from malnutrition.—(NEA Telephoto) MAN WHO HANGED NAZIS: M/Sgt. John C. Woods, San Antonio, texas, American army hangman, who was the executioner of the ten remaining leaders of Hitler’s Third •Reich, holds the hangman s noose in his hands. The hangings took place in the prison at Nuernberg, Germany.—(NEA Radiophoto J Idabel Woman Pleads Guilt Fined, Sentences Suspended After Port Lending To Bonk Robbery Told Mrs. Elizabeth Dooley, 31, charged in federal court on three banking violation charges, entered a plea of guilty to the third of three charges and was sentenced by Judge Eugene Rice in U. S. District court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma, Thursday morning. She had previously entered a plea of guilty on the first two charges, at which time she entered a plea of not guilty on the third count. The case started Feb. 14 when the First State bank of Idabel was robbed of $26,714.70. The judge fixed the former teller in the Idabel State bank $500 on a conspiracy count and sentenced her to two years in prison on each of the other counts—entering the bank and bank robbery—then suspended the sentences which were to have run consecutively. Four Men Involved Four men also were connecied with the case and they preious-ly entered pleas of guilty and were sentenced to prison terms. The bank and vault doors were found locked behind the departing burglars. Arrests in the rob-ery did not occur until%ix weeks later. After entering her plea of guilty on the third count, Dooley saw several Idabel citizens take the witness stand as character witnesses. Judge, Bankers Confer After the witness had left the stand, Judge Rice took two officials from the Idabel bank into his private office where he talked with them for about eight minutes. Shortly after the return of the bank officials, Judge Rice reentered the court room and continued with the case. The council for the defense was given permission to explain the entire story connected with the defendant. Defendant's Story Told He explained that she was married several years ago and was the mother of a daughter before some family difficulties a-rose in about 1942. The council pointed out that her first mistake was a false conception and added that her part in the robbery of the bank was a weakness, not dishonesty. He explained that she told officers that she and her friend (one of the four men involved in the case) had several drinks together, then she gave information to her friend concerning the bank. • Character witnesses who took the witness stand said that her family has a good background and is a good family. One witness said that she was a good Christian girl before family difficulties s Mrs.-Dooley, a divorcee, now is employed by a sawmill firm in Idabel and the owner of the firm was one of the character witnesses in the case. She waived preliminary hearing at Muskogee last spring and was free on bond pending Thursday’s hearing. CANTON. Oct* 17 (ZP)—The official central news agency today reported the Chinese navy had won “a sea battle” against a pirate fleet, forcing the freebooters to abandon the gunboat Hai Using and the transport Hai Tung. There were no details. *-- Greater returns for amount invested. A& News Want Ads. Nazis Bodies Cremated Ashot Scattered, Place Of Dispersal Not Revealed By Authorities NUERNBERG. Oct. 17.—(A*)— The bodies of Hermann Goering and the IO hanged Nazi war criminals have been cremated and the ashes “dispersed secretly,” it was officially announced today. The announcement of the disposition of the bodies was made at 5:35 p.m. by Col. B. C. Andrus, prison commandant. He spoke in the name of the Allied control council, which was in charge of all details of the hangings and burial. A six-line communique cleared up the major mystery in the wake of the hangings. The bodies were removed from the prison at 5:34 a.m. Wednesday (11:34 p.m. Tuesday, EST) in two sealed trucks, guarded Y>y jeeps. Where cremation took place was not disclosed. The dispersal details w'ere wrapped in equal secrecy. *- AFL Wanls Housing Emphasis (hanged To Vol Apartments CHICAGO. Oct. 17 (ZP) — The American Federation of Labor today called on the administration to change its housing goals for veterans to produce more apartments for rent and fewer one-family homes for sale. At the same time the AFL convention demanded that President Truman summon congress back to Washington for a special session to enact the Wagner-Ellen-der-Taft General Housing bill. The convention took its stand on housing as delegates prepared for final adjournment. The convention housing resolution said that, so far. National Housing Expediter Wilson Wyatt has been concentrating on a program of one-family homes for veterans. N “These one-family homes will cost more than the average war veteran can pay for in his remaining years of life, thus causing foreclosure and loss of his home,” the resolution said. Most veterans hesitate “to be tied to the responsibility of paying a long-term mortgage,” and rental apartments would provide ‘ a living set-up within the veteran’s spending means, causing him more contentment,” the resolution added. The AFL executive council said the Wagner-Ellender-Taft bill would help create housing “for every American family and a volume of construction large enough to enable the construction industry to make its necessary contribution to an economy of full production and full employment.” The convention yesterday elected 73-year-old William Green to a 24th consecutive term as AFL president. Also reelected without apposition were secre-tary-treasurer George Meany and all 13 federation vice-presidents San Francisco w'as selected as the 1947 AFL convention city. In accepting office for another term. Green pledged to concentrate on AFL organizing activity in the south and elsewhere in the nation. He said he hope to report back to the 1947 or 1948 conventions that AFL membership, now ,150.000. had reached more than ■--—e——_ HAMILTON, Ont. Oct. 17 (ZP)— Mrs. Evelyn MacLean Dick, 26, was under sentence today to die on the gallows next Jan. 7 for the torso murder of her husband, w'ho had threatened to divorce her. She plans to appeal. Thomai Irked By Currency Finds Finonciol Choos In Prospect in Europe, Even Dollar Not Stable There By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.—i A 3 ) —Just back from Europe, Senator Elmer Thomas (D.-Okla.) related today he found that $500 in travelers’ checks could be exchanged for $625 in $5 and $10 in Switzerland and predicted— “It is going to be a long time before the world will see any effective international xtabiliza tion of currency. Things are bad now $md the financial chaos in prospect in Europe hasn t really started yet.” Currency stabilization is the major objective of the $8,800,-000,000 international monetary fund conceived at the Bretton Woods, N. H., conference in 1944. Machinery for the fund has been established only recently, and requests have been made for member nations to report by mid-December the exchange value they set on their currency. Fund officials have talked of active operations early next year. Even Dollar Not Stable Thomas said in an interview his experience demonstrated that in Europe “the dollar is not even stale.” “Other countries can only stabilize their currency in terms of the dollar and it isn t stable,” he added. • Thomas said the willingness of some Swiss to give $625 in U. S currency for $500 in travelers checks apparently w'as because 4 they want dollars that are on deposit in the United States.** He called the official exchange rate of 120 French francs to the dollar “completely out of line” with the “common rate” in Paris which he said was 260 to 300 francs to the dollar. GI’s Robbed By Francs lienee American soldiers and civilian personnel who receive Part of their pay in francs at the official rate “are just being robber of half their s a I a r i e s,” Thomas declared. He said he intends to recommend to the war department that soldiers get their pay in scrip which they could exchange for francs at whatever rate they find. Keilel Planned On Taking Own life Clumsy Handling of Wallet Reveals Sharp Piece of Metal By THOMAS A. REEDY NUERNBERG, Oct. 17.—UPI_ Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel planned like Hermann Goering to evade the gallows with suicide, but W'as foiled by clumsy handling of his wallet, prison authorities disclosed today. As a special board of three U. S. army officers combed every possibility to determine how Goering managed to poison himself, Col, B. C. Andrus, t^e commandant, revealed the Keitel story for the first time: Keitel had returned to prison after a court appearance one dav recently and was changing to old clothing, as was customary. As he shifted his wallet he pushed something down in a fold. An alert guard noticed it and grabbed the W’allet. In a corner he found a long, sharp piece of metal easily capable of slashing the wrists or the throat. Keitel shot the guard a dirty look, but said nothing. He refused to explain how he got it. * - Greater returns for amount invested. Ade News Want Ads. Cattle Price Drops at O. C. 0 Heavy Run of Stock At Markets os Owners Rusk To Get in on High Prices OKLAHOMA CITY. Oct. 17 (ZP) -—Hog prices took a nosedive at the stockyards here today in a market jammed w ith 3,700 squealing porkers, compared to average recent runs of less than 500. Trading in hogs reached a standstill at noon, w r ith offered prices plummeting $6.00 a hundredweight lower than those of yesterday. Packers bid $20.00 a hundredweight for barrows and gilts and farmers apparently were holding back to await better offers. Small packers were doing business on barrows and gilts at an offered top of $23.00 Cattle also jammed the stockyards, with receipts estimated at 10,000 cattle and calves but prices stood about steady at noon, wuth a top of $26.00, the same as that of yesterday, being offered. Trucks Still Arriving Trucks still were arriving at the stockyards at noon with load after load of bawling cattle, and observers saw a possible new day’s record in the offing. A week ago, only 2,590 cattle, 1.407 calves, 408 hogs and 149 sheep were received here. All-time high mark for the market was set July 15, when 9,034 cattle, 2.307 calves, 3,604 hogs and 4,529 sheep were received. No Immediate Effect Experts agreed that while the run will help it doesn’t mean state meat counters w’ill be immediately filled with choice cuts of beef and pork. It will take some time for the packing houses to absorb the new run of livestock and make it ready for the hungry consumer, they said. One stockyard observed described the run as “nothing abnormal under the circumstances.” Trying for High Prices He pointed out that cattle have been withheld from the market during the recent control period and that cattlemen w'ere only trying to get in on the ground (Continued on Page 2 Column 2) Livestock/ Cotton, Dairy Products, Grain Prices Skid By Th* Associated Press Prices for livestock, dairy products, cotton and grains started to slide in markets across the nation today as Washington threw the decontrol program into high gear. Record prices paid Wednesday for hogs, cattle and sheep were punctured by the impact of arrival of tens of thousands of animals at principal markets. At Chicago hogs dropped $2 to $7 a hundredweight and at St. Louis nearly as much. In Omaho, livestock trucks lined up for 2' 2 miles to unload. At Kansas City, where an all-night stream of animals glutted the market, and elsewhere the trend was downward. At New York wholesale butter puces cracked 7 to 8 cents a pound. The .sharp break was attributed to strong consumer resistance to retail levels of $1 a pound and more. Cotton futures in New York broke $10 a bale. New York cheese declined I to 6 cents a pound. Eggs declined I to 3 cents a dozen in New York. ,,, At th e grain futures market in Chicago wheat lost the limit of 5 cents a bushel. At New York cottonseed oil futures trading resumed after a 4-month suspension and all quotations immediately jumped the 1-cent-a-pound daily limit. Governors of the New’ York coffee and sugar exchange planned to act on resumption of trading in coffee futures late today. Stock and bond prices in New York dropped I to 3 points, influenced in part by the decline in commodities. Perrin Field Goes Will Be Placed on Inactive Status November 20 SHERMAN, Tex, Ort. 17.—(ZP) "-Perrin field near here has been placed on temporary inactive status effective Nev 30. Col Chester P. Gilger, commanding officer, announced today. The order affects about 200 civilian employes, most of whom o£ re e ?P ecte d to he released, and 300 military personnel, who are to be transferred to other stations. Col. Gilger said a directive issued by Maj. Gen. James P. Hodges at a conference at AAF station commanders at Randolph field yesterday explained the order was necessary because of drastic reduction in appropriation* for the armed forces. OPA Speeding Up Decontrol President Reported Preparing to Hasten Scrapping Of Wage Controls WASHINGTON, Oct 17. (JR— OPA today removed price lids from coffee as it speeded up the decontrol drive. The price agency said it has approved a decontrol petition on both green and roasted coffee at all levels of distribution As the White House prepared to hasten the scrapping of wage controls along with food price ceilings, OPA freed all vegetable fats and oils margerine, mayonnaise and salad dressings—from federal restraints. Supply, Demand in Balance The agency said it agreed to lift its price ceilings on coffee because “data presented by the industry and obtained by OPA” indicated that “supply and demand were approximately in balance.” The action represented the first formal approval of a petition for removal of ceilings on requests of one of OP A’s industrial advisory committees. The petitioner was the coffee industry advisory committee. OPA must act on such petitions within 15 days and it pointed out that today s action came IO days after the decontrol petition was aceeped. Even as the pace quickened, UNRRA Director Fiorello H. La Gunrdia denounced the decision which led to the speed-up—removal of meat control—and declared the new policy w'ill result in “industrial confusion, financial dislocation, social disturbance and political dictatorship.” Wage Decision Soon As La Guardta spoke, rn Oklahoma City, a high government official here predicted that “in a clay or so” President Ti moan will Clarify the status of the Wage Stabilization Board. This is the tri-way—public, industry, kcbor—panel whose industry members recently submitted resignations to Mr. Truman. Some labor and business leaders have demanded that it be abolished. While forecasting a quick decision on the board, officials said the stage already is set for “accelerated” .scrapping of wage controls. Hence they expressed doubt that the president will consider it necessary to take anv further action on this right away.* “He made his position clear on that when he said in his radio talk (Monday night) that the speed-up of price decontrol will necessarily hasten the removal oh wage controls.” said one official in close touch with the White House discussions. The official told a reporter that faster scrapping of wage curbs “will bo automatic” as price lids drop off, since only industries under ceilings are tied at present at pay controls. OPA “Going to Roll- He added that OPA is “really going to roll” in getting rid of price ceilings, and that this in turn Will free wages in most industries very soon. In some fields—construction, for example prices will remain under control for some time. Hence, wages will too. As for the wage board, AFL and CIO members of the panel conferred yesterday with reconversion director John R. Stedman. Thev indicated beforehand they would urge liquidation of the board to permit a return to unrestricted collective bargaining. But W. Willard Wirtz, chairman of the board and a public member, told newsmen after a separate conference with Steel-man that removal of curbs on any wage increases negotiated in collective bargaining would have the effect of eliminating virtually all pay controls almost at once. Wirtz said he did not believe this course was being considered (Continued on page 2, column I) fir ! PESSIMIST My Note Rio.Ho. Jo. Gosh. ain’t it quiet arc home when th’ radio an’ v wife go out at th’ same ti •—OO— \ouil live longer if keep your eyes on th’ cui ahead instead o’ th’ ones side you.
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