Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - May 16, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma As things ore going now, any child will know full well before he gets out of high school how th spell "crisis" and its trickier plural "crises", unless the language develops a good substitute. WEATHER Occasional scattered shower* tonight and Friday. THE ADA EVENING NEWS Average Net April Paid Circulation SUI Member. Audit Bureau edR. 1 *! re alation 43rd Year—No. 27 ADA. OKLAHOMA. THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1946 FIVE CENTS THE COPX Truman Asks Coal Leaders Turn Dispute To Arbitration Shortages or Not, ll. S. Eating Toward New Per Capita Record WASHINGTON, May 16.—(ZP) —The United States today is eating itself into a new record for per capita food consumption, despite shortages in grains and fats at home, and a hungry world aboard. * That is the gist of a report from the bureau of agricultural economics, which bases its forecast of record-breaking domestic food consumption in 1946 on the year’s statistics to date and the prospects for the coming months. Demand Outruns Supplies The bureau, a branch of the agriculture department, said bumper quantities of most foods are expected to be available to meet the nation’s unprecedented appetite. But it predicted nevertheless that consumer demands will outrun supplies. It estimated the per capita volume of food consumed‘will be 14 per cent greater than the average for the pre-war period of 1935-39. Supplies during the next several months are expected, however, to drop below the yearly average level because of seasonally small quantities of some cereal products, potatoes, sweet potatoes, meats, fats, sugar, canned fruits and canned fish. Some Crops Near Record Against relatively short spring and summer supplies in these items, the bureau said, will be record or near record per capita quantities of vegetables poultry, eggs, fresh and frozen fish, canned fruit juices, cheese, fluid milk and cream, ice cream, and skim milk products. The bureau said 1946 production of food crops and livestock is now estimated to be about one-third above the average for 1935-39. If this estimate proves correct, 1946 food production would about equal that of 1943. and be exceeded only slightly by the record production in 1944 and 1945. The bureau said the nutritive value of the per capita food supply is expected to be close to the 1945 figure. It said the number of calories available per person per dry will average about 3300 compared with 3350 in 1945 and with 3250 in the 1935-39 period. Nutritive Values Held Up Government limitations on supplies of flour and other consumer wheat products will have no significant effect, the bureau said, upon per capita nutritive supplies for the year as a whole. UNRRA Director LaGuardia, however, came forward with suggestions yesterday on how he thought those limitations could be made more effective for famine relief purposes. At a news conference he recommended farmers be “required” to market their grain, and not feed it to livestock. He also proposed still darker bread and a moratorium on pastry for all Americans. On the darker bread, LaGuar- dia’s idea was that millers be compelled to extract 90 per cent of the wheat kernel in manufacturing flour, as against the 80 per cent now required, and the 72 per cent utilized before the food emergency became acute. Outlook Summarized The bureau of agricultural economics, in its survey of the country’s food situation, reported the outlook on major commodities as follows: Meats — Supplies will be far short of demand at ceiling prices during the next few months. Production will be down somewhat because of the usual seasonal decline in marketings. Government procurement for relief commitments will be substantial. Areas dependent upon inshipments will be particularly hit by the shortages of the next few months. Supplies will increase in the fall with increased marketings of livestock. Poultry and Eggs—Large supplies during the cqming months will be particularly important in supplementing short supplies of meats. Dairy Products Insufficient Dairy Products—Supplies will be more plentiful during the spring and summer than in recent months, but for the year as a whole they will be insufficient (Continued on Page 2 Column 3) Deadlock In Negotiations Lewis end O'Neill Tell President Own Efforts To Settle Controversy Collapse Aircrash Is Fatal lo 27 In Virginia Chartered Airliner Plunges Into Pine Woods, Burns Noor Airport RICHMOND, Va., May 16.—(ffi) —Twenty-seven persons were killed today in the crash of a southbound chartered airliner which ran into trouble a few minutes after its takeoff from Byrd airport near Richmond and plunged into a rain - drenched stand of pine woods in a vain attempt to| return to the field. The twin-engine Viking airliner came to grief in the heavy overcast about 1:10 a.m. (EST) plowed through the trees and burned on the soggy banks of Doran creek only a few thousand yards from the airport. The airliner left Newark, N. J., early last night for Atlanta. It Jeeps Rot Away at Army Depot _ WASHINGTON, May 16.—(A1 —President Truman announced today he had asked John L. Lewis and the coal operators to submit their deadlocked contract negotiations to arbitration. Lewis and Charles O’Neill, official spokesman for the operators, will give their decision to hf<fnro put into Richmond and took off posal to U ^ hu?“ summoned a « ain about 12:30 a.m. in heavy news conference. He said that Army Asking Men of 25-29 Wonts Truman to Direct Drafting af Thant ta Offset Coming Shortoga WASHINGTON, May 16, <.P>— The army has asked President Truman to direct the drafting of men between 25 through 29 years. The request was made because of a prospective replacement shortage resulting from the stop-gap revision of the selective service act, a war department official said today. He said the president might act today. Officials have estimated that the existing pool of men in the 25-29 age group totals only about 15,000. The army will continue after June 30 to discharge men with tu*o years of service or a point score of 40. “can make no promi-ses’’ as to reducing the release requirements to 18 months, the official said. He added that the demobilization program will be continued as promised in January by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, pending further action on the draft by congress. The army’s pinch in manpower will begin to be felt in October cr November when men who volunteered for 18 months will start reaching the end of their terms. President Truman halted the drafting of men over 25 following the surrender of Japan, and officials said another order from the White House to selective service is necessary to lift the ban. *- Bingham Reduced To One Last Hope OKLAHOMA CITY, May 16.— (IPy—The pardon and parole board, which already has refused to intervene, was Alfred Clarence Bingham’s last hope today to escape death in the electric chair for murdering his wife. The Tulsa man lost his last chance of avoiding death through court action yesterday .when the criminal court of appeals held it could not legally inquire into his sanity. The decision left the pardon and parole board, which must recommend clemency before Gov. Robert S. Kerr can act, as Bingham’s last resort. Four of Largest Flour Mills In State Face Early Shutdown Breadless Days May Result for Oklahomans Eventually; Mills Expect New Wheat to Begin Arriving in Mid-June By the Associated Press Prospects of early shutdowns at four of Oklahoma's largest flour mills may find Oklahomans observing breadless days. Officials of mills in Oklahoma and Canadian counties indicated their plants will close soon for lack of wheat. v Dates for the mills* closing, as9 predicted by operators, varied ac- * cording to. the wheat they have left to grind but they were agreed the mills would be idle until the new wheat crop comes in— probably in mid-June. General Mills expects to close its Oklahoma City mill about May 24, Vice President H. R. Cramer of the southwestern division said, and the company’s El Reno mill will suspend operations today. In Canadian county, Yukon Mill and Grain Co. officials said operations were halted at their mills a week ago and Dobry Flour Winners Listed In Guernsey, Holstein Dairy Show Judging Mills, Inc., reported plans for a total stoppage Saturday after operating on a part-time basis. Acme Mills in Oklahoma. City plans to continue production until about June I. The mill closings will affect about 75 General Mills employes in Oklahoma City, half of whom will be retained as repairmen, 75 Acme workers and 125 Yukon millers. \ -a- Honor Scrolls For Kin olSenko Dead Information Asked So That Scrolls Can Ba Awarded by State Are you close kin of someone who was killed or died while on active duty in the armed forces since Sept. 16, 1940? If so, the Oklahoma selective service headquarters is preparing to award a scroll. Local boards are asking cooperation of kin in getting a complete list of servicemen and servicewomen who died from wounds or disease since the above named date while in service, and under honorable conditions. This list will include men inducted here, and % all deceased servicemen who served with the National Guard and the Reserve, as well as all who enlisted in Bingham Dr. A. B. Rivers, pardon and parole board officer, was out of the city and could not be reached for comment. I Whether the board would conduct another clemency hearing Army, Navy, Marine Corps, for Bingham was not known. * It also is to include all who There were 25,519,000 cows on farms of the United States in 1945. ' The Missouri river drains 528,-000 square miles. Iweather] I OKLAHOMA—Occasional scattered showers tonight and Friday; not much change in temperature; lowest tonight 55-60. died either in the U. S., on the high seas-or in other countries while with the armed forces in active duty. The information desired is: full name of deceased; date of his or her death if it is available; name and address of next qf kin of the deceased. Jack Lloyd, secretary of Pontotoc county Board No. I, says that the list now on h~nd with his board is incomplete, and he invites all close kin to either telephone No. 1880 or write Selective Service Board No. I, Ada, Okla., with the information asked by the state office. - The United States contains 30-70 counties. The remainder of the dairy show placings of Tuesday, including the Guernsey and Holstein breeds, are included in the listings below: GUERNSEY Class A Junior heifer calves—William Carter, Ada, first; Billy Gene Young, Roff, second; Truman Harris, Roff, third; Charles Sutton, Ada, fourth. Junior heifer calves Class B— Curtis Brice, Ada, first; Bobby Chamber, Pittstown, second; Ber-le Walden, Ada, third; John Eliott, Fitzhugh, fourth. William Carter showed th grand champion female and Curtis Brice showed the grand champion female and Curtis Brice showed the reserve grand champion. HOLSTEIN Aged bull—Dr. R. E. Cowling, Ada, first. Junior Bull Class A — W. P. George, Ada, first. Junior bull Class B—Dr. R. E. Cowling, Ada, first; Garvin Glover, Ada, second. Cows—J. G. Lovelace, Jr., Ada, first; Cowling, Ada, second; Lovelace, Ada, third; Clifford Palmer, Allen, fourth. Senior yearling heifers — Dean Young Fitzhugh, first; Garvin Glover, Latta, second; W. P. George Jr., Latta, third; Dale Austell, Ada, fourth. Junior yearling heifers — Earl Cleghorn, Latta, first; Ewell Cleghorn, Ada, second; Corky Snipes, Vanoss, third; demon Stone, Vanoss, fourth. Senior heifer calves — Glen Sherrell, Ada, first; Jack Griffith, Vanoss, second; Clifford Palmer, Allen, third; W. P. George Jr., Latta, fourth. Junior heifer calves Class A Richard Roundtree, Vanoss, first; Bernice Miller, Allen, second; Bobbie Files, Allen, third; Corky Snipes, Vanoss, fourth. Junior heifer calves Class B— demon Stone, Vanoss, first; Calvin Pennington, Vanoss, second; Sales Tailor, Byi\g, third; Ben Redman, Allen, fourth. Dr. R. E. Cowling showed grand champion bull and also the reserve grand champion. Ed. Richard Roundtree, Vanoss, showed the reserve grand champion female and Dean Young of Fitzhugh showed grand champion female. * Lewis and O’Neill both had agreed that their own efforts to settle the coal controversy had collapsed. * Follows Brief Conference The announcement was made less than two hours after Mr. Truman conferred for IO minutes with*Lewis and O’Neill at the White House. Mr. Truman said that the two chief figures in the coal dispute had told him they felt after overnight conferences with their associates that the coal negotiations help up to now had completely broken down and that further discussion was useless. It was then, Mr. Truman said, that he asked them to submit their differences to arbitration. He said the country is in desperate straits as a result of the 42 days* shutdown of the mines prior to the two week truce which began last Monday. Suffering To Increase The chief executive said coal, must be gotten out of the ground and that the suffering which had followed the strike would increase of there was no settlement. Mr. Truman said that Lewis and the operators at White House talks prior to the strike which began April I had emphasized they would be jable to get together among themselves and had assured him they did not think there would be a strike. Neither Lewis nor O’Neill would discuss their morning conference with Mr. Truman. Mr. Truman told the news conference that if the parties were unable to agree upon an arbitrator, he would then appoint one. Two-Point Proposal His twp-point arbitration proposal which he suggested to Lewis and O’Neill was: 1. The parties agree on an arbitrator to hear and pass upon the dispute. 2. The mines to remain at work. Both agreed to submit the plan to their respective negotiating committees and report back at 5:30 p.m. Also attending the mdrning conference were Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach and Edward F. McGrady, the special government conciliator who yesterday recessed the contract negotiations indefinitely after the operators flatly rejected Lewis* No. I demand—for a seven per cent payroll levy to finance a miners’ welfare fund. Operators calculate the levy would net the union $70, 000,000 annually on the basis of last year’* payrolls. O’Neill told reporters only that he would return at 5:30 p.m. and made his way out of the White House offices. Lewis trailed along a moment later and said, “the magic numerals are 5:30.” Lewis Non-Committal Pressed for a statement on what he would do until the hour for returning to the White House, Lewis stared long and hard at his questioner and then said: “The whole situation gives one furiously to think.” He would say nothing more. It was understood that the 250-man UMW policy committee which Lewis assembled in Washington a week ago and which had authorized a two week strike truce has returned home. With the present strike truce due to expire May 25, only eight working days remain before the menace of another shutdown—after 42 days of idleness. nri 1 T ' ” “ ^ weather. The ceiling at the airport was fluctuating between zero and 200 feet and visibility was one mile when she took off. The CAA said the plane carried 24 passengers in addition to the pilot and co-pilot but 27 bodies were brought out of the woods from the crash and sent to ffve Richmond funeral homes. Identification wa6 difficult but it appeared the victims were 21 men, three women and three children. Bodies of the victims were being brought out by horse and wagon and sent to Richmond funeral homes. The Byrd airport reported that the weather for the station was an indefinite 200-foot ceiling with visibility one mile. Planes of eastern airlines, which use Byrd airport as a regular stop on the New York-Miami run, were bypassing Richmond during the night, an airline spokesman said, because of the weather conditions. The first call to county police headquarters on the crash came at 1:24 a.m. from a radio tower on the Charles City road reporting Big Four Foreign Ministers In Little Progress During Long Discussion of Germany Today Meet Again Jane ll To Talk Unsettled Problems ot Peace Molotov Agreat Ie American Proposal for Probe Already Discorded by Others By LOUIS NEVIN PARIS, May 16.—’The four - power foreign ministers council spent three hours in almost fruitless discussion of Germany today and prepared to adjourn later in the evening until June 15, when they again will at* tack the unsettled problems of peace. Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov agreed to an American proposal to send a four-power commission to all four zones of Germany to investigate the state of German disarmament, an American informant said. But this proposal was thrown out by U. S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes several days ago to counter Soviet objection to Byrnes offer of a 25-year four-power mutual assistance pact to guarantee the continued disarmament of Germany. At that time Molotov had objected that Germany’s present state of disarmament should be studied before such a pact was considered, and Byrnes had proposed the commission. Bevin For Fact Today British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin finally registered London’s approval of the pact proposal, and said Prime Minister Attlee would make a statement in the house of commons in London on the question later in the day. France already has accepted the proposal. But Molotov’s attitude toward the pact remained unchanged. An American source said Molotov declared there was no hurry At the Army Ordnance Depot, Atlanta, Ga., there are so many sedans, jeeps, motorcycles and trucks that officials don’t count them individually any more, but by carload lots. Above are some of the jeeps, exposed to the elements for months, tires rotting, bodies rusting. ll. N. Adopts Secrecy Rule Council Vofet Rule to Permit Deniol of Record of Private Meeting Bv FRANCIS W. CARPENTER NEW YORK, May 16. <**>— ________ ______ r _____ _ The United Nations security a plane down near Doran creek J council today unanimously adopt-about a half mile off Doran road. £d a secrecy rule permitting it to County Police Sergeant H. W. keep the records of executive ses-Henshaw went into the crash I sions from every U. N. member area and counted 24 bodies, 20 in the wreckage and four more on the ground near the charred airliner. Most of the bodies were badly burned, he said, and there was a possibility only one could be readily identified. Mrs. T. Flammia whose home is about a mile and a half from the scene said she did not hear the plane. 4c- Rail Dispute Is Unsettled Union Heads Announce Operators Reject Modified Wage Increase Proposal Loggers Me ta Canada Hits Milk May Seriously Hit Newsprint Supply of U. S. Papers in Few Weeks In 1929, there were 551 bank failures in the United States; in 1930, there were 1345. Russian paper rubles issued before World War I have no exchange value. Bus ta Coalgate Far Legion Mealing For those planning to attend the Fourth District meeting of the American Legion there will be it bus leaving the Denco Bus Terminal Sunday morning at 8:45 o’clock. It will take 29 passengers, with the round trip $1 per person. Joe Roper, post commander, urges good attendance, according to Winston F. Wiggs, service officer. OKLAHOMA CITY, May 16, —Farm wages in Oklahoma during April averaged $85.70 compared with $86.50 for April of 1945, reflecting a decline of eighty cents for the month, federal Statistician K. D. Blood, reported. VICTORIA, B. C., May 16. UP)— A logger’s strike which took 37,-000 workers off the job in British Columbia yesterday threatened to close mills producing newsprin; for many large United States newspapers within a month and curtail fishing operations. Spokesmen at the Powell river Paper company in Vancouver would say only that the strike “ultimately” would affect production, but other sources said the pulp mills had about three weeks’ supply of logs on hand. The province produces about 1,000 tons of newsprint daily. Idleness for 10,000 in the fishing industry was in prospect unless orders for 3,500,000 boxes could be filled. Labor leaders said the strike was the opening gun in a general drive for increases and predicted that 80,000 would be out in a week or IO days. The International Woodworkers of America (CIO) originally demanded a wage boost of 25 cents an hour and went on strike when their offer to cut that to 18 cents was refused. Operators had offered 12 Vt cents. The length of the work week and other considerations also were in dispute. An effort to compel mediation under wartime labor laws was made by Chief Justice Gordon Sloan of the British Columbia supreme court, w'ho recommended such action to the labor ministry in Ottawa. Two Adani In G.I. Lumbermen Group Two Ada men have recently joined the G. I. Lumbermen Inc., an organization of Oklahoma veterans now actively engaged in the retail lumber business, according to Fred Huston, president. The G. I. Lumbermen were formed in order to expedite the housing program throughout the state by a campaign for a more realistic policy on the part of the OPA which would enable them to get the material to sell, and to combat unfavorable publicity being directed toward the lumber industry by the various federal agencies interested in the housing problem. , Those joining from Ada are Quentin S. Phillips and Lowell B. Adams. not represented at such closed meetings. It did not act on rules for admission of new members when the Australian Delegate, Paul Hasluck, objected, declaring some members seem to have the impression that the U. N. is a private club. The council adjourned until tomorrow after meeting for two hours. The adjournment left hanging Hasluck’s request that the matter of admitting new members be deferred and that the council arrange for consultation with the general assembly before final action is taken. * General Assembly Date Set The general assembly will meet in New York next Sept. 3. The Australian delegate maintained that the charter makes clear the general assembly is the only organ of the United Nations which has the power to decide on admitting new members. The proposed rules would have applications turned over to the security council for oonsideration and recommendation to the general assembly for final action. Hasluck was the only member speaking on the secrecy rule, saying he wanted it agreed that rule No. 53, in the baton proposed today should be interpreted very liberally by the council. NEW YORK, May 16.—(A*)— The United Nations security council today unanimously adopted a secrecy rule which would permit the council to deny the record of a private meeting. Every U. N. member nation was represented in the ll - nation council. Paul Hasluck, the Australian delegate and only council member to speak on the secrecy rule, said he wanted it agreed that rule No. 53 of the batch proposed today, should be interpreted very liberally by the council. Gromyko Back Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet delegate who returned to the council session today, voted with his colleagues to pass the rule without further discussion. The new French delegate, Alexandre Parodi, was seated in place of Henri Bonnet, French ambassador to the United States. Mexico still was represented by Rafael De La Colina, sitting in-sted of the newly-appointed permanent delegate, Luis Padilla Nervo. The council immediately took up the proposed rules and there was no opportunity for Australian Delegate Paul Hasluck to ask Gromyko how he thought his absence from the council sessions affected his Big Five veto power and what legal effect he believed it had on meetings of a short-handed, 10-nation council. Albania Application Opposed The Russian delegate boycotted the session last week in protest against renewed discussion of the now quiescent Russian-Iranian issue. The council agenda for today listed two highlights: (DA new rules section providing for strict secrecy over confidential meetings and documents, and (2) a United States proposal to defer the admission of new member na- (Contmued on Page 2 Column 4) By JOHN B. OWEN WASHINGTON, May 16—W —Union representatives notified President Truman by telephone today that negotiations to prevent a nationwide rail strike set for Saturday had broken down. They said at 2 p.m. (EST) that the White House had not sent back any reply, but presidential aides said the president would have something to say on the rail situation at his 4 p.m. news conference. Negotiations between the managements and brotherhoods of Whitney told a reporter that the negotiations have “broken off and there had been no settlement.** However, a rival management spokesman said the “door is wide open for a resumption” of talks. He added the meeting this morning was “entirely friend -ly.” Can Reopen Negotiations “There is nothing at the present time,” this, operator representative said, “that precludes either side from reopening negotiations.” This official confirmed that Whitney had offered a proposal for a floor increase of $1.44 cents a day and that it had been rejected by the operators. He said this figured out at 18 cents an hour whereas Whitney called it 18 per cent. railroad engineers and trainmen, representing 250,000 workers, ended after a 25-minute talk this morning. The carrier repre^nta-tives refused to accept a modified union proposal for a wage increase of 18 per cent and a minimum raise of $1.44 a day. Offer Not High Enough The two brotherhoods originally asked for 25 per cent and a floor of $2.50 a day. A presidential emergency board recommended a raise of 16 cents an hour or $1.28 a day and the managements said today they would not go beyond that figure. A. F. Whitney, president of the trainmen, said the strike of trainmen and engineers is still set for (4 p.m.) EST Saturday. There still was speculation on whether federal seizure of the railroads might forestall the strike of 250,000 trainmen and engineers. President Truman has said he will not hesitate to take over the lines if that action becomes necessary. The hint came in an announcement from Alvanley Johnston, chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers that as a “safety measure” the big Illinois Central railroad—already under government control—has been removed tentatively from the list of carriers to be struck. I. C. Still Under OOT Johnston said (Continued on Page 2 Column 6) Don't Expect That Hoarded Flour To Not Turn 'Buggy' Don’t be surprised if, when you start to use some of that surplus flour, there are bugs or worms crawling around in it because flour that is kept at home from six to eight weeks will certainly have worms, and later bugs. There is no way to keep flour from having bugs or worms in it because all of the flour purchased, whether in large or small containers, has hundreds of tiny eggs in it. Eggs will get into the flour when it is milled and it makes no difference what brand of flour it is or where it was milled the eggs will still be there. Experts at Stillwater have have made hundreds of tests. but they have found no way to keep flour stored for any length of time without it showing up with signs of worms or bugs, says Mrs. Jessie Morgan, home demonstration agent. Housewives might think that by putting the flour in a glass container and screwing a lid tightly on it will keep the bugs out, but it won’t. If a housewife wants to try this experiment, she has only to put some Hour in a container and let it set for several weeks; then if she will examine it she will find the flour at the top of the container pulverized. A spoonful of the flour can be lifted from the top and when it is spread out on something dark some little white worms can be seen crawling around in it. Just because flour has worms or bugs in it doesn’t mean that it is ruined, because it isn’t If the flour is sifted through a fine mesh sifter the bugs can be removed and the flour is as good as ever. the exemption decision was reached in conjunction with A. F. Whitney, head of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen who with the engineers have called the strike as the climax to a wage dispute. I he Illinois Central is under technical operation of the office of defense transportation as the result of a previous -trike threat. Johnston would neither affirm nor deny that this was the reason for the exemption, nor would he explain what he meant by “safety measure.” The Smith-Connally war labor disputes act, however, provides penalties for strike interfenence with the operation of any facility under government possession. Br Bota Blank*. J* Th’ most exceptional folks in th’ world ’re those who can pass a “wet paint” sign without feel in’t’ see. Some fellers never do anything they can't afford—an’ others git monied.