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The Times Recorder (Newspaper) - May 8, 1977, Zanesville, Ohio I a Laetrile: Cancer's False Hope Or Valid Treatment? KANSAS CITY Is Laetnle a valid cancer treatment being suppressed bv a con- spiracy of the medical establishment' Or is it simply a product of those who traf He in false hope' The evidence put forth scientists testifying for the U.S Fowl and Drug Administration at two days of an intense and emotional public hearing in Kansas Mo last week. was heavily on the side of those who say that Laetrile represents false hope "Neither the U S Food and Drag Administration, the Canadian Food and Drug D'.rectorate. the National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Socifciv. nor any reputable or- ganization has found anv evidence to sub- stantiate the use of Laetrile in the treatment or prevention of cancer." the FDA said in its forma! argument Or. as Dr Daniel S Martin of the Catholic Medical Center in New York told the hearing. Laelrile is a swindle, a hoax, a fraud and a npoff. The only thing it can do is take your money The Laetrile supporters branded the hearing a "kangaroo court." with the witnesses stacked against them "Congress has passed no law against apncot pits." argued Michael L Culbert. of Oakland. Calif., a spokesman for the Committee for Freedom of Choice in Cancer pits are one source of Laetrile.) The Laetnle side also contended that recent actions in Florida. Indiana and Alaska in- volving approval of Laetrile legislation showed that claims for the substance were gaining wider acceptance. Laetrile is the chemical amygdalm. which occurs naturally in the pits of apncots and peaches aud in bitter almonds It is banned from interstate commerce b> the FDA The agency also has banned the import of the substance, but some individuals have been allowed to bring it into the country under court orders, including one which led to the Kansas City hearing In recent years. proposer ts have made much of a stud> conducted at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center bv Dr Kanematsu Suguira which seemed to show that Laetrile reduced the spread of breast tumors in mice But now scientists have reported that TO one has ever been able to reproduce those results "It is expected that a f.rai report on 32 anirr.a! studies carried out at SJoan-Kettermg confirm the fact that Laetrile pnxiuces no oRiitumor ac tivity." said Dr William K editor of the Journal of the Med.ca! Asso- ciation "This latest series of uiil add the alreadv large bod> o: evidence which >r.- dicates that Laetrile is not effective :n ir.e prevention or treatment o: cancer. Barcia> testified. Another point made bv Laetrile supporters is that an individual should have a right to "freedom of choice" in medical treatment and that if there is no evidence that it does any good, st st.li can't do an> harm here is the great tragedy Laetrile." said Dr Sherwood Lawrence, executive secretary- to the California State Cancer Adv.sory Council "By the time it is apparent that :t doesn't really work, most >cancer patients w ill no longer be curable, arse some no longer capable of effective long-term control "Too often the inherent variations in the progress of the disease are seized on as signs of regression nan! too late. There then results prev entable and unnecessarv loss of life '.or the curable. i-aeirsie supporters also argue that the substance is a v itamsn. B17. and that cancer is a lieficiencv disease Dr Thonias H Jukes. phv s-ictst at the Umv ersit v of California .it Berkeiev. disputed the point "Experiments with laboratory animals on purified diets show no indication "whatever of a nutntKitsa! need for amygdalm Jukes said "These substances have nose of the characteristics of a vitamin Another key argument in of Laetrile is that there could be no harm in allowing ter- ill people to have a seemingly har- mless though worthless, substance if it makes them feel better psvchologicallv But." savs the FDA. "the line between the ill and the patient who may benefit from effectiv e therapv. or from new approaches to treatment that hav e genuine promise, cannot be so drawn as to reuablv separate the '.erminallv ill from the treatable. "And osKe an uaproves! substance ss made legal for one group of patients." the FDA adds. "There would be no vvav to prevent access b> others Patients who have cancer in an early aid controllable state could be puttisig their es the line b> taking a w orthless substance instead of seeking an effective treatment. Laetnle is now being promoted as a treatment for cancer in its early stages." Laetnle supporters dominated the emotional aspects of the Kansas City hearing, often booing and jeenng the scientific testimony. The focus of most attention vias Glen L. Rutherford. 60. of Conway Springs. Kan -A hose suit to obtain led to the court-ordered public hearing to compile an administrative rulemakuig record. Rutherford drew cheers when he countered the scientific testimony bv saying "You oeopte in authority consider all the rest of us a bunch of dummies The administrative record that resulted from the hearing win go to the U.S. District Court in Oklahoma Citv so the court can rev iew the basis for the FDA's contention that Laetnle is a new drug that is not safe and effective. Sunday Inside When ifcf curtain goes up next Saturday night on the nth annual Miss Southeastern Ohio Scholarship Pageant, one of 10 anxious finalists will emerge with the coveted title of Miss Southeastern Ohio for 1977. The pageant, sponsored bv the Zanesville Javcees. is almost sold out once again this year and pageant co- chairmen Dave Bel! and John Kunkel expect this year's extravaganza to be the best ever. IThe 113th Year No. 128 Jim Norris. cook supervisor in Bethesda Hospital's food service department, oversees the preparation of 1600 meals daily for patients, emploves and visitors. He's just one of the hundreds of employes at both Good Samaritan and Bethesda who put the into health care. (Page Times Recorder Since the Family Tree opened in October of 1975. the non-profit agency has helped hundreds of troubled juveniles avoid situations which might lead to a day in court. The agency serves a six-county area and its case load is increasing all the time Times Recorder assistant news editor Nancy Keeley talked with its executive director. Dr Nancy Traub. for an insight into the value to the community. (Page Where To Look About Soc Security Builders Page Campus Cable Classifieds Chuck Martin Consumers Corner. Crossword Puzzle.. Deaths Funerals. Editorial Page Entertainment.. Financial Page 10 A For What It's Worth .4 C 9 C JeaneDixon 2 C 9 A Late News 2 A 2-6 D Mystery Aerial .9 A 10 A A ...6 D Rich Bloom ........6 D .5 B Skvwritings..........8 A ...6 A SpbrtsPages.......1-5 B A StreetTalk .........6 B C Women's Pages 1-4 C 10 C ZanesviUian.....8 C Sunday Outside If you enjoyed yesterday's sunshine and breezes, don't be disappointed if you feel a bit cooler today. There'll still be plenty of sunshine, only not just as hot. After highs in the 80s Saturday, the mercury slides down to the mid to high 60s during the day and continues its slide into the 40s bv nightfall. The chance of rain is almost nil the whole day with highs Monday expected in the 70s. (See details on 6-AK SUNNY Weekend Roundup 17 Injured In Bus Wreck RAVENSWOOD. W Va (AP) Seventeen persons were injured early Saturday when a Greyhound bus went off Interstate and slammed into an embankment, state police said Kidnaping Attempt Fails BUENOS AIRES. Argentina (AP) Adm Cesar Guzzetti. foreign minister in Argentina's military government, was wounded today in a failed attempt by terrorists to kidnap him. the official Argentine news agency reported The Telam news agency said Guzzetti was -under medical assistance Security sources said he was hospitalized, but his condition was not immediately known Wallace Eying Senate Seat MONTGOMERY, Aia. AP) Records in the Alabama secretary of state's office list Gov George C Wallace as an official candidate for the Democratic nomination for the U S. Senate sea: now held fay John Sparfcmar.. Wallace is holding off formal announcement, but the groundwork for candidacv has been lasd Churches Want Cuban Trade CINCINNATI 'AP- The National Council of Churches, in conference closing resolutions Friday. voted for resumption of trade with Cuba and urged taking economic sanctions against slates opposing the Equal Rights Amendment Estes Parole Bid Denied WASHINGTON (AP; Billie So! Estes. convicted in 1963 of mail fraud for his part in a n-.ultimillion-dollar fertilizer tank scheme, has been denied termination of parole and its restrictions. 6 Sections Zanesville, Ohio 43701 Sunday. May 8, 1977 52 Pages 30 Cents Summit Leaders Initiate Nuclear Control Study 'Happy Mother's Day Mom...From All Of 'Here. mom. These are for you. Happy Mother's Dav. with love from all of us." The bouquet may be just hand-picked dandelions, but the devotion and love in the eyes of two-and- a-half-year old Chad Uphold is priceless as he presents his gift to his mother. Mrs. Jim 1.Nancy) Uphold of 2S23 Dresden Rd. The scene will be repeated in millions of homes and thousands of different wavs todav as America pavs homage to the oldest and genuine of all emotions love for good old mom. (Photo by .Marjorie For People's War Diplomats Say Cubans 'Training' Ethiopians GEORGE McGOVERN McGovern Blasts Carter WASHINGTON (AP) Sen. George McGovern accused President Carter on Saturday of abandoning campaign prom- ises and party principle out of fear of big business and a pre- occupation with imagery In a harsh attack on the new administration. McGovern said, "It sometimes seems difficult to remember who won last fall." Speaking at the convention of the liberal Americans for Democratic Action. McGovern called on the party "to continue the struggle for the principles the Democratic party stood for" in the election "The effort may be ionelv for awhile." he said The speech was filled with pointed references to Carter's public relations efforts during the first three months of his term, and McCrOvern repeat- edly accused Carter of neglect- ing action on his own campaign issues End the party platform "A strange silence has de- scended on our political said 'i5eGovern. the party's 3972 pres-dential nominee "We al! seem rnesrnenzed b> image, taken bv symbol We seem to count the ratir.gs of polls far more than the content of policv McGoverr. attacked Carter's programs on economic recov- energy, defense, welfare reform and health, saving all were being sacrificed or modi- fied to suit special interests at the expense of the needy A week ago. Sen Hubert H. Humphrey. D-Mmn another spokesman for liberal Demo- crats praised Carter in an in- terview ADDIS ABABA. Ethiopia (AP) Cuban ad- visers are helping tram thou- sands of Ethiopian peasants and workers for a "people's war" against antigovernment factions. Western diplomats sav The diplomats said about 20 Cuban militarv advisers were in Ethiopia, with another 200 expected to arrive soon When Fidel Castro made a brief stop here during his Af- rica tour in March. Ethiopian leader Lt Co! Mengistu Haiie Mariam asked the Cuban presi- dent for advisers to help defeat resistance groups fighting in northern and western Ethiopia, the sources said Cuban troops helped a Marx- ist faction win a three-wav cr. il war in Angola last year, ar.ci at least iO.OOO Cubans are believed still in that central African nation Cuban advisers have also been reported in Mozambique and a few other African nations Ethiopia's Marxist govern- ment has built two Iram.ng camps near this capital city ca- pable of handling 200.000 re- cruits. Truck convovs ramolir.g back and forth from the camps are becoming a familiar sight Last night. 56 trucks were seen, each jammed with some 50 ragged >our.g Ethiopians. As the> rode in tr.e night darkness, they clapped. cheered and chanted slogans Two regular arm> soldiers driving a jeep with a gun brought up the rear o: the convoy It was not clear wr.etn- er the jeep was there to guard the convoy or to deter ccr.- scripts from leaving At the camps the conscripts are put through a 20-da> train- ing course The government has not how this "people's v.sii be deployed But Western mats say it cotJd be 'o back regular .r. Gondar. Begemcr province Between 2.000 and 6 vn guer- rillas of the rightist Ethiopian Democratic Union EDU have captured several towris in the province since the begining of the year The EDU was founded :n 1975 by Ethiopians exiled bv the late Emperor Hade Selassie. It is led bv Gen Ivassu Mengesha. w ho has been joined by soldiers and middle class-professionals fleeing the Marxist upheavals here The EDU is portrayed by Ethiopia's government -cont- rolled media as fighting for a return of feudalism, which Elh revolution replaced The EDU promises non Marxist ci- vilian "I am v-ilhng to fight the EDU.' >aid one Ethiopian worker. "I din'l want the Em- peror's men to return The other possible target for attack is the northern province of Entree, where secessionist guerrillas of the Entrear, Lib- eration Front ELF" have waged a hit-and-run v.ar for 15 >ears .Mengistu last week reported heavy f'ghiing around Tessenei and Alighider :n Eritrea He said the situatior. in the province, v.hcre suerniias tins >ear have after is deteriorating The tirr.ir.j; of the offensive is open to specuia'.on however T The flighty Midget items For Sa .e Or.lyX for I Item Per Ad 2 LINES 2 DAYS S2.00 Ph 452-4S61 The rainy season has begun, and when it peaks in Jul> much of the country will be a quag mire Sources said it uncertain whether a hastih trained peas- ant arra> would be able to op- erate in such conditions It also was not clear whether the peasant arm> would be thrown into battle alongside the 25 000 regular troops Las! June tens of thousands of peasants marched into Eritrea to fight the rebels, who ambushed and quickh scat- tered then-. The regular army reportedlv fired at the fleeing peasants. Because of this Western analysts said an> new peas- ants' march wili concentrate on the weaker and less ex- perienced EDL" forces The ernment-controlled press, radio a.id television have mounted a massive propaganda bu.ldup for the coriiir.g offensive, which the cover-rner.' caiia "She red campaign io crush invaders The rr.i'itsa units now being 'rained aiso are expected to be better armed than their prede- cessors in'ei.igepce sources sa> imported some Vj'j weapons from Kas'err. nations including ana AK47 rifles These are :n- tersded for the regular which 'her. be able to hand over rs American arms, some of which cia'e from the the peasar.t forces, the sources said V.esterr. miiitarv sources also report rtguiar troop rortr-ward tov-ard GOTV car armored column. U S -made M60 tar.Ki was seer, waiting to cross the N.ie bridge 150 r.ortn of the capita! Moverr.er.'. of military equip- ment Ababa northward has beer. buiid.rg over the past month, the source5, said Tanks and other heavy arrnored vehicles am-.e by train in the capital and are moved out overland and by air, they said. LONDON (APi President Carter said Saturday night the United States and six other in- dustrial nations meeting at a summit here will trv to achieve a "comprehensive in- ternational agreement" on the use of fuels for nuclear power production Earlier Saturday, in the first round of the twonlay summit, the leaders of the top non-Com- munibt industrial nations pledged a coordinated fight against inflation, unemploy- ment and trade barriers However, the leaders did not agree on nuclear energy policy during six hours of talks at No. 10 Downing St., official home of Britain's prime minister Carter told reporters he and the other leaders agreed to ap- point a panel of technicians "to try to sttdy all of the facets of the problem." which has be- come the key issue at the sum- mit. "There is such a diversity of interest and a deep concern about the future that we thought it was time to address this problem." Carter told re- porters after returning from an evening at Buckingham Palace. Carter and the other summit leaders dined w :th Queen Eliza- beth II and members of the British royal family at a black- tie slate dinner Carter said the "basic ques- tion" is how to guarantee ade- quate supplies of nuclear fuel for electrical production while guarding against misuse of the spenl fuel to make nuclear ex- plosives He said the summit leaders unanimously agreed that "un- less we do take action, there w ill be a lot of other of the so- called threshold nations who will produce explosives in the future as India did j few ago And all of us want to pre- vent that India became the sixth nation with nuclear capaoilit... ex- ploding a nuclear device on Mav 13. 1974 Carter did not give any time- table for reaching an inter- national agreement on nuclear non-prohferatior. Sources in the V.'est German dek-gation said the studv panel is to report hack within eight weeks on its recom- mendations curbing the potential spread of nuclear weapons. "I thought it went well." Car- ter told reporters after an af- ternoon meeting. "We got started on energy and we will fnish up on that tomorrow." But he added. "How to re- solve this (nuclear) problem with so man> different kinds of nations' needs is one that will probably be our most difficult undertaking." Asked if there were major problems. Carter said. "None that we can't resolve The United Slates has sought to limit the export of sensitive nuclear technology But some Teachers Still Out CINCINNATI (AP) Strik- ing Cincinnati teachers voted Saturday not to go back to their classrooms and urged the board of education to return to the bargaining table to nego- tiate an end to the three-week- old strike. Union officials estimate that about teachers voted "overwhelmingly" against a resolution to go back to school now and to resume their strike again next fall if necessary- Aboul half of the district's 100 teachers have been on strike since April 13. More than half the system's stu- dents have stayed away from their classrooms during the strike. There was no specific vote taken on a unilateral board of- fer of a 6 per cent immediate pa> increase and another 3 per cent boost if a June tax levy is successful Teachers currently earn a base salary of "The vote left no doubt lhat everyone wants to continue the strike now ralher than com- said Roger Stephens, president of the striking Cincinnati Federation of Teachers Stephens said a call also had been made to the federal mediator urging that negotia- tions be resumed again imme- diately nations, notably West Germa- ny, see nuclear exports as a major source of foreign earn- ings and seek tighter inspection instead of export controls. West Germany has declared it will go ahead with a planned billion nuclear deal with Brazil despite U.S. objections. Washington also has also op- posed a French sale of nuclear reactors to Pakistan and Ja- pan's plans to build a nuclear enrichment facility. Carter met privately for more than 90 minutes with West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and a top U.S. aide said they reached an un- derstanding of differences on the nuclear issue. National Se- curity Adviser Zbigniew Brze- zinski would not spell out the understanding but said the U S. could not force West Germany to give up the Brazil deal. German sources said the sev- en leaders agreed to appoint a working group of nuclear perts to report in eight weeks on means to control nuclear proliferation. Nuclear issues and trade were discussed by Carter and Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda in a 20-minute private talk before the sumrr.it. On general economic issues, leaders and their aides said the meeting produced none of the acrimony that had been feared on such issues as the rate of economic expansion and trade barriers to protect domestic in- dustries. "There was a very large feel- ing we were all on the same wavelength." said Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau. "We are approaching problems in a common spirit." Carter told reporters the four-hour opening session of the two-day summit had been "great, excellent, very good." British Foreign Secretary Da- vid Owen said the meeting was "good fun and enjoyable." and other British sources described the atmosphere as extraor- dinarily friendly. The leaders and their aides said the first meeting was marked by broad agreement on how the non-Communist world should speed its recovery from the worst economic recession since the 1930s. Downtown Water Service Restored service was restored to downtown Zanesville about 6 p.m. Saturdav but pressure did not return to normal for several hoars after that since Pioneer Reservoir had run The trouble began shortly after noon Friday when a four-inch service line in the basement of Keslar's Supply Co. broke. Whitey Cravenor of 231 Main St. fooVs over the worksite in a nearby alley where attempts to then shot toe water off at a six-inch main resulted in a broken valve. Donald Longfellow of the city water department said attempts were then made to shut the water off at other valves. When one was finally located which could be closed, it deprived central downtown section of water until be made. (Photo by Larry
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