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Zanesville Times Recorder Newspaper Archive: March 09, 1975 - Page 1

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Publication: Zanesville Times Recorder

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   Times Recorder, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1975, Zanesville, Ohio                               The Times Recorder Good Reading On The Ingide Urban Renewal Nearly Complete...........S-B Rev. Springers Starts Church...............S-C Norm Schneider Book Published...........4-B Shenandoah Airship Crash Recalled........5-B Public Health Duties Expanding........... 6-A illth Year Vol. 68 64 Pages 6 Sections Zanesville, Ohio 43701 Sunday, March 9, 1975 30 Cents Top Economists Admit Period Of Depression WASHINGTON For the first time since the economy went sour, the ugly word "depression" to describe the immediate future is being heard in high places. Economist Arthur M. Okun. who headed the Council of Economic Advisers under President Lyndon B. Johnson, told Congress' Joint Economic Committee history may record the current situation as a depression. It would take a miracle to keep unemployment below 9 per cent, he said, and it may go higher The administ ration disagrees, saying the recession will "bottom out" late this summer. President Ford said Thursday he did not think joblessness would rise above 9 per cent, although "it might." Unemployment remained high in February. Interest rates continued to decline, reflecting the lack of demand itself a reflection of the recession. Inflation abated. Average wholesale prices dropped for the third consecutive month. Gov. Cecil D. Andrus of Idaho told Congress farm prices have fallen so low he fears a "farm depression." These latest government economic statistics give a picture of how the economy stands at mid-winter: Unemployment: Because 580.000 workers gave up looking for jobs and were no longer counted as "unemployed." the Bureau of Labor Statistics said. February's unemployment rate was 8.2 per cent the same as January's. But the number of available jobs fell to 84 million. Inflation: The Consumer Price Index (CPU rose 9.G per cent for January, the least increase since last April and the fourth straight month the price in- crease rate has slowed. Prices dropped for clothing, new cars, beef, sugar and home mor- tgages. Real earnings: The average worker's "real" compensation wages plus fringe benefits after allowing for inflation declined by 1.2 per cent in January and is .VI per cent below a year ago. Wholesale prices: Sharp drops in food prices brought February's wholesale price index down slightly for the third consecutive month, although prices for industrial goods continued to rise. The February wholesale price index was per cent lower than January, but 14t> higher than a year ago. Industrial goods remained 0.5 per cent higher than last Arab Support Expected Peace MissionHeld ASWAN. Egypt iL'PIi Egyptian President Anwar Sadat predicted Saturday that Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger will have a "very hard round" in getting a new peace agreement between Egypt and Israel and longer than last year. Sadat and Kissinger met for over 4' 2 hours of talks in which informed sources said the Egyptian leader put forward specific ideas for Kissinger to take to Israel Sunday. At a joint news conference afterwards. Sadat ruled out the direct pledge of non-belligeren- cy that Israel is demanding for withdrawal from the Abu Kudeis oil fields and the strategic passes in the Sinai. "If I am going to agree to a declaration of non-belligerence while one Israeli soldier is occupying my land, it is an official implication for him to stay, an invitation I am not going to Sadat said. Dampening the prevalent Egyptian optimism before the talks. Sadat told questioners as he sat next to Kissinger in the garden of his rest house: "I am always optimistic but I think we shall be having a very hard round this lime." He said the negotiations would IK- harder than the first stage military disengagement along the Suez Canal which he negotiated with Kissinger in January. 1974. and a new- agreement would take longer than the week it took then. Silting beside Sadat under the glare of the television lights. Kissinger said. "The United Slates feels very strongly that another step is in Rebel Forces Strike Cambodian Capital PHNOM PENH (UPI) Pro- Communist rebel forces launched heavy new attacks on the shrinking defenses around Phnom Penh Saturday, threat- ening to overrun a showpiece Cambodian government infan- try division for the second time in three weeks, field reports said. Inside the capital, Western observers said the situation was becoming desperate, and that the Lon Nol government probably could hope for little more than a negotiated surrender. The new fighting -was cen- tered at the edge of Prek Phneou. a Phnom Penh suburb eight miles north of the city center, military sources said. Reports indicated the insur- gents were on the verge of overrunning the elite 7th Division, a unit formed from mercenaries of the U.S. Green Berets when that unit fought in South Vietnam. Military spokesmen claimed 143 pro-Communist rebels were killed in fighting late Friday and early Saturday around Prek Phneou. Government casualties were unknown. Prek Phneou was picked as the last-stand headquarters for the division, after its previous base camp 12 miles northwest of Phnom Penh was overrun in bitter fighting Feb. 17. The town, long abandoned by its civilians, also is the site of Cambodia's main mili- tary fuel storage tanks. Western strategists among Phnom Penh's dwindling corps of foreign residents said the situation at the strategic town Saturday was critical. The fall of Prek Phneou, which likely also would spell the destruction of the 7th Division, would put downtown Phnom Penh within range of rebel guns and rockets from north and cast. The city already is under fire from the east, and insurgent gunners can easily reach the city's lifeline airport from the west. U.S. cargo planes continued to fly in and out of Pochentong airport Saturday with rice, ammunition and fuel, as scattered rocket and artillery barrages continued, military spokesmen said. World Bank To Aid Poor Farmers To Produce Food But all commercial flights were halted for the third day in a row. The government airline. Air Cambodge, said it hoped lo make a flight from Saigon to Phnom Penh Sunday. The last commercial flight to Phnom Penh was Wednesday, when 100 rocket and artillery shells hit the airport, damaging a U.S. DCH cargo plane on a rice flight. Western observers told UPI they belived the best the Lon Nol government now could hope for is a negotiated surrender to the rebel forces, besieging the capital. The general gloom already has sparked rumors that Lon Nol has left or soon will leave Phnom Penh, although there were no facts to back up the reports. the interest of all the peoples of the area and 1 believe that progress is possible." He appeared uncomfortable at the specific questions that drew forth Sadat's answers Sadat said, however, that Kissinger's mission was "very important" both for defusing the explosive situation and for making progress toward peace. He again expressed confi- dence in Kissinger and repeat- ed his previous statement that for the first time in 20 years he believed peace was possible. He indicated he would IK- in a belter position to tell about the prospects of an agreement when Kissinger returns from Israel next week. Kissinger said he would return to Aswan Tuesday or Wednesday after his visits to Israel and Syria. Kissinger shunted aside ques lions about whether he got concrete Egyptian proposals. But informed sources said Sadat gave him specific ideas to lake on lo Israel. What were believed to be the draft proposals were typed in Sadat's office after the two men met alone for 21-- hours of the S'-j-hour first session. In the room where the meeting began was an Arabic inscription on the wall. "In the name of God." But the two men talked alone in an adjoining silling room where they also negotiated most of the first troop disengagement agreement between Egypt and Israel in January. 1974. They were meeting again Saturday evening for about an hour. WASHINGTON (UPI) -The World Bank said Saturday it will double its aid to the world's poorest farmers over the next five years to help improve their health and the world food supply. The Bank, which already is the largest outside investor in the agriculture of developing nations, said it will allocate a total of billion through mid- 1980 to finance improved agriculture methods and health programs to 100 million far- mers, mostly in Asia and Latin America. Of these, at least 60 million will be farmers who own less than three acres of land and earn under each year. The expanded project will have .three goals, the bank said: tools, seeds and training to farmers to help them increase the generally poor outputs of their land. the physical well- being and quality of the life of the rural poor" in order to "directly raise their productivi- ty and their ability to contrib- ute to the national economy." Better health, education and housing would be among these activities. already efficient agricultural industries to pro- duce more food for domestic consumption or export and relieve food shortages. By the end of 1979. the World Bank said it hoped to lend billion annually for rural development alone, twice the present lending figure. "The total investment in Bank-supported projects would be one-fifth of the investment needed to expand the produc- tivity of the rural poor by at least 5 per cent per year during 1975-79." the Bank said in a 76- page study. "The agriculture and rural development program of the Bank would reach a total rural population of 100 million, of whom GO million would be in the poverty target group. The numbers of rural poor are expected to increase by 70 million in the same period." The Bank report noted that about 800 million people "live in poverty." Eighty per cent of these live in what the Bank called "absolute making under a year. March Is Commemorated SELMA. ALA. Martin Luther King Jr.. led a commemorative march Satur- day to Edmund Pettus Bridge where 10 years ago mounted Alabama state troopers first turned back the Selma-to- Montgomery march with tear gas and clubs. "Today. I don't believe there is anyone here that felt that they would be clubbed down if they tried to march." said the widow of the slain civil rights leader. "I think this represents somewhat of a victory...a kind of fulfillment that at least we have achieved a measure of success." A crowd of about about gathered for the march at Little Brown Chape A.M.E. church, (he rallying point for many such marches during the 1960's. Kev. James P. Robinson, head of the Roman Catholic Edmundit Mission in Sclma, helped organize the procession and told the marchers over a megaphone: "If we want to be effective, we must be orderly. Please remain silent." The marchers obeyed, and shortly after 1 p.m. EOT they stepped off with Mrs. King in the lead. On her left was John Lewis, executive director of the Voter Education Project and one of the original marchers 10 years ago. To her right was Rev. F.D. Reese, one of five blacks who now sit on Selma's 11-man city council, and Rev. Robinson. "I think because of the march 10 years ago, Sclma. the South and many of us. both black and white, will never be the same again." Lewis said. He said Saturday's march was a symbolic "effort to take notice of the progress we have made and the distance we have to go..." News Digest Vaudevillian Dies HOLLYWOOD (UPI) Ben Blue, the poker-faced vaudevillian who gave millions enjoyment from the days of music halls through lour decades of movies, died Friday night at the age ol Arabs Cut Production BEIRUT. U'banon (UPI) Saudi Arabia, the world's top ui! exporter, cut back its oil production by 14.5 per cent to an average ol fi.fi million barrels a day during February, the authoritative Middle East Economic Survey said Saturday. Amateur Sports Studied WASHINGTON (UPI) A special presidential commission seeking to eliminate squabbles between U.S. amateur sports and improve the nation's showing in international competition will begin meeting this month, a White House official said Saturday. Syria Remains Adamant DAMASCUS (UPI) While Secretary of Slate Henry A. Kissinger shuttles between Egypt and Israel in his latest peace- seeking effort. Syria remains adamant thai a lasting peace must linked to recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organization and restoration of all Palestinian rights and land Electronic Pacemaker Implanted In Spaniel INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. (UPI) Bonnie the cocker spaniel came home Saturday with a two-year lease on life, maybe longer. Barring complications, doc- tors who implanted a pacemak- er into Bonnie said she should be able to lead a normal life for the next 24 months or longer. The three-year-old Bonnie is owned by Mr. and Mrs. James Q. Crisler of nearby Martinsvil- le. month Productivity: Output per man-hour was down 2 '2 per cent in 1974 the first calendar year decline since !be govern- ment started keeping the statistics 17 years ago The Bureau of Statistics said unit labor costs rose n J per cent while productivity was dropping Trade: The U. S trade deficit increased by S211 million in January, wiih imports valued at SJt.ty billion and exjKirls ,il billion The deficit was slightly smaller than December's t'> million, but was calculated by a new method and would have much higher lor months under the old one. Indicators The Commerce Department's composite index   the Gross National Product fell 1 per cent during the final three months of 1974. while prices increased at a record 14 4 per cent annual rate an inflation rate even worse than the 13.7 per cent rate estimated in January's preliminary data. Heal output of goods and ser- vices declined in the fourth quarter of 1974 at the second fastest rate m 27 years. The GNP was estimated at an annual rage of billion in the fourth quarter compared with SSM.I billion m the third quarter Output: Output from factories. Mid-March Snow Covers Area Itov curs are sidetracked along lines at X.unesville switch yards in seemingly lonely vigil against the backdrop of the city cloaked in somber gray colors during mid-March snowfall Saturday that left more than two inches of fluff in sonic outlying areas of .Miiskiiiu'uin County. Despite weather conditions, barely any local traffic mishaps occurred. Cold, cloudy prospects are to be expected for the next couple of days, but local residents might watch a high pressure movement in Colorado that brings with it Spring-like weather. That system is likely lo shove northeast and affect us this week. (Photo bv Larrv Rich) mines and utilities plunged 3.6 per cent in January the higgest one-month drop in industrial production since December. 1937. during the Great Depression It was the fourth consecutive monthly drop Housing starts: The number of now housing units started in January rose by 113.000 units to a seasonally adjusted rate of (itil.OOO units But building permits in January were issued at an annual rale of fifil.ooo units, a decline of ifii.oon units Irom the previous period India Receives Saxbe NEW DELHI (CPU American Ambassador William B. Saxbe presented his credentials Saturday to Indian President Fakhruddin All Ahmed Saxbe. who resigned last December as attorney general to accept the appointment here, arrived in New Delhi last Sunday after a week's delay due to India's resentment over the resumption of U.S. arms sales to Pakistan. "Two great nations such as ours do not always see eye-to- eye on all Saxbe said in a speech as he met with Ahmed and several Indian cabinet officials. "But in essence our relation- ship should be one which enables us to communicate with reason, sensitivity and understanding." Dressed in striped pants and sporting a pink rose. Saxbe told Ahmed the United States "is deeply conscious of Ihe fact that our two countries are democracies the two largest in the world. "This does not. in itself, mean that our relations will be closer than with other coun- tries." Saxbe said in an ap- parent reference to India's close ties with the Soviet Union, "or that they will necessarily run more smoothly." Saxbe was originally sched- uled to present his credentials Feb. 24 very day Washington announced its in- tention to lift the 10-year ban on arms sales to Pakistan. State Department officials asked Saxbe to take an unplanned vacation in Bangkok until tempers here had cooled. Four Others In Critical Condition Meat Preservative Kills Three CHICAGO (UPI) Police believe a salt shaker containing a meat preservative rained blue death on ;i South Side neighborhood. The toll Saturday stood at three dead and five others hospitalized, lour in critical condition. The fight lived on the 74ix: block of South Emerald and were believed lo be victims of sodium nitrite poisoning from a salt shaker which had been passed around the neigh- alter the death of its owner. Sodium nitrite produces the symptoms of shortness ol breath, low blood pressure, vomiting and a blue coloration about Ihe extremities. Dr Marshall Segal, chief of emergency medicine at St. Bernard's Hospital said sodium nitrite poisoning is "rather unusual" but instances had been reported previously Segal said an account by Burton Roueche entitled "Elev- en Blue Men" described the deaths of 11 men who were brought into a New York Hospital in 1944. All were bluish and were found to have been poisoned by salting oat meal with sodium nitrite. The salt shaker had been passed around the Chicago neighborhood after the death of its owner, Mrs. Charlie Mae Edwards It was found to contain sodium nitrate. a preservative used in the pick- ling of meats. Sodium nitrate can change into sodium nitrite, medical authorities said. Police said Mrs. Edwards. 48, was stricken Feb. 7 and pronounced dead on arrival at Englewood Hospital. A daugh- ter told police she suspected a salt substitute caused Mrs. Edwards' death. She threw the substitute away but not the salt shaker. Proxmire Fights Concordes WASHINGTON (UPI) Moving lo effectively ban (be Anglo-French Concorde. Sen. William Proxmire announced Saturday he will introduce a bill forcing supersonic jetliners flying over Ihe United States to meet noise standards applying to other planes The Wisconsin Democrat, who led the successful fight against the U.S. supersonic transport program in 1971, said his new measure would be introduced in the Senate Mon- day. Proxmire's plans were prompted by a recom- mendation from Ihe Federal Aviation Administration that British Airways and Air France each be allowed to start Hying three Concorde SSTs a dav into New York and Washington next year An FAA environmental im- pact statement acknowledged that Ihe Concorde produced more noise vibration and more nl certain types of than are allowed for subsonic aircraft But the FAA said so few flights would have scant impact on the environment. "The Environmental Protec- tion Agency and Ihe Federal Aviation Administration have half a good idea." Proxmire said in a stalement released by Inside The Times Recorder I'agr St-c. Amusements .............7 C Books................... 5 A Builders Page ti C Crossword fi C Deaths and Funerals 8 C Jeane Dixon............ 2 C Lite News Page......... 4 B Financial News 10 B Page Sec. Old Photos 8 A Ohio News.............. 2 A Norris Schneider 5 C Profile ..................7 A Minnie Predmore.........4 C Question Of Week.........fi A Skywriting.............. 8 A Sports..................1-3 B Gasoline Dealers Pressured To Sell Weather FORECAST Becoming partly cloudy today. Highs ranging from mid 30s to lower 40s wich a chance of snow changing to rain Monday. (Details on Page 8-C) A {NEWSPAPER! By RICHARD HUGHES UPI Business Writer Gasoline suddenly has flooded the U. S. market, sparking price wars in some areas, a UPI survey shows. What this price battle means to the American car driver is: know where to buy. Brand name gas station operators accuse oil companies of putting them in a bind by forcing them to buy large supplies at artifically nigh prices while selling the surplus at cheaper prices lo competing independents. The retailers say oil panics, while publicly proclaim- ing conservation, are f' pressuring (hem to sell more gasoline by staying open at unprofitable hours. The result, said one New Jersey station owner, is that the oil companies continue to get high profits for oil while stations are forced to sell at cost or below. "The oil companies are not about to cut back (heir profits." he said. "The market is loaded, it's glutted." said John O'Donnell, comptroller for Ihe Pennysl- vania Service Station Derfers Associaton. "The oil companies are forcing dealers to stay open whether it's necessary or not and lo lower their prices at the relail level lo get more volume. Their thinking is not conserva- tion but to increase their volume." A Federal Energy Adminis- tration spokesman in New York said the agency has heard reports of company pressure to sell more "but we've found none" in monitoring activities. "There's a surplus. said an independent petroleum consultant. John Lichtblau. "This may straighten itself out. But we're in for a long period of gasoline surplus." Lichtblau said refineries are running at 80 lo 85 per cent of capacily compared with the normal 9.'> per cent. "The majors are doing what any business will said Litchblau. "To reduce invento- ries to keep their refineries going, they are selling gasoline to independents." The surplus was created in part because motorists have cut down gasoline consumption at a time when worldwide production remained stable. The American Petroleum Institute says gasoline stocks are 10 per cent higher than they were a year ago. They hit 244 million barrels, the highest since April, 1971. President Ford's intention to impose a per barrel duty on i. imported oil also contributed to Ihe glut l.ichtblau said oil companies are "speeding up their U.S.-bound tankers" to gel as much oil in as possible before the full duty is imposed. Jerry Fcrrara. executive director of the New Jersey Gasoline Retailers Association, said at least lour major oil companies Sun. Shell, Mobil and Esso-in- creased their prices lo dealers in recent weeks while forcing them to take more gasoline than they can sell. "I just had a call a few minutes ago from a dealer being pressured to stay open 24 hours in an area that can't even warrant staying open until midnight." Ferrara said Stations along major high- ways are forced to sell at near or below cost to gel rid of the surplus, touching off price wars, he said The UPI survey showed a wide variation of pump prices throughout the nation with regular gasoline selling for as little as 43 cents a gallon and as high as 57 cents. Regular hit a "freak low" of 41.9 in Min- nesota this week Some dealers accused the oil companies of keeping prices high at franchise stations and selling surplus gasoline to independents who then un- dercut prices of major brand stations. "It is pretty obvious that the major brands are not able to sell through artificially high prices." said Jack W. Houston, executive director of the Georgia Association of Pe- troleum Retailers "It appears that the suppliers are market- ing out the back door." "I'm just not selling much said Oklahoma City retailer Ed Bishop whose cheapest price of 51.9 cents a gallon for regular is 6 cents more than an independent charges across the street. his Washington office. "They would require that all SSTs buill in the future abide by our minimum noise pollution standards. But they would exempt all SSTs now flying or under development from these same standards. My bill would require that SSTs now flying or being built also come under the noise pollution standards cur- rently set forth before they can land in the United Slates." The Concorde and the Soviet TU144 are the world's only supersonic passenger jets, but the TU144 is expected to operate only on an internal Russian trial route soon. The British and French expect to put the Concorde into interna- tional service late this year and earlv next vear. Car Sells First Day 7 OWTW irnpais, air tend P Low Mileage 4S3 XWM. The advertiser who placed this ad called early the second day the ad appeared to have the ad cancelled. .The advertiser stated that the car was sold on the first day. If you have something that you want lo sell, just call Classified Advertising, Try our 3-line ad for 10 days for the price of Cancel when you receive results (during office hours only) and pay only for the number of days the ad appears. Call Gassified Advertising Phone 452-4561 NE WSPAP.EE.   

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