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Times Recorder, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1948, Zanesville, Ohio The Times Recorder Charter Member 2ANESVILLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER WEATHER: WARM FIVE CENTS f I I I TOJO HELD GUILTY IN DEATHS Bloody Struggle For Nanking May Decide Destiny Of China Court Verdict President's New House More Than Million Men In Battle Communists Hurl Huge Armies At Nationalists NANKING, Nov. 11 (ff) than men were committed to battle to- day on Nanking's Suchow defense lines in fighting on a scale unprecedented in China even during the Japanese invasion, a Chinese government military spokesman announced. The spokesman, Lt. Gen. Teng Wen-Yi, furnished no details on the exact locations and progress of the crucial which may determine China's fate. He said, however, that the scene was north oi the Yangtze river and south of the Lunghai railway, a stretch of about 200 miles. Last previous reports had placed the oncoming Communists about 100 miles northwest of Nanking in the Pengpu area and within ten miles east of Suchow, major gov- ernment base 200 miles northwest of Nanking. General Teng said the Reds, using more than troops, had a slight numerical superiority. He said government defenders had outfought the Communists in the opening phases, but acknowl- edged several Nationalist with- drawals ''to shorten their lines." (Scantiness of details on this climactic battle apparently result- ed from the government imposi- tion of censorship on a post-publi- cation basis. (While a gigantic battle on the! approaches to Nanking was a logical development, both sides throughout China's three-year civil war have habitually exaggerated numbers involved and enemy tonight with the arrival of Sena- tor J. Howard McGrath, Demo- cratic national chairman. McGrath flew southward to this southern "White House" with Wil- liam (Bill) Boyle, a special na- tional committee assistant. They joined Senator Alben W. Barkley, vice president-elect, and Leslie L. Biffle, director of the senate Democratic policy commit- tee, for top level discussions with Mr. Truman about prospective ad- ministration changes as the after- math of the presidential campaign. Guard houses are set up in front of Blair house in Washington, where President Truman will reside while the White House, just across the street is being repaired. The executive mansion has been declared unsafe. Blair house is the nation's official diplomatic guest house. (AP Wirephoto) Truman Steps Up No Softening Search For New American casualties.) The spokesman said Communist generals Chen Yi, Chen Keng and Liu Po-Cheng already were throw- ing all their available manpower, 15 entire armies against the last defenses north of the Yangtze. (The Yangtze itself remains a formidable barrier, more than two miles wide, with Nanking near the south bank.) He said the government was hurrying up reinforcements. Some from the Peiping-Hankow railway area, 200 to 300 miles south and southwest, up. already have moved Cabinet Members KEY WEST, Fla., Nov. Truman stepped up his search for cabinet replacements Foreign Policy PHILADELPHIA, Nov. UN Works Urgently On Berlin Problem May Be Taken Over By Full Assembly PARIS, Nov. 11 United Nations officials were reported working urgently to- night on a new effort to break the Berlin deadlock. Australia's external affairs min- ister, Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, was said to have offered his help to the four big powers in any effort bo end their dispute over Berlin. Evatt is president of the assembly. Sources close to Juan Bramug- lia of Argentina, security council president, said however that west- ern power delegates had advised him they believed the case should stay in the security council. Any decision by the assembly would be free from a big power veto. The assembly, however, has no power other than aroused world opinion to back up its decisions. U.N.. officials moved for a new try on the Berlin case before Rus- sia's announcement yesterday that American and British airlift planes would be forced down if they stray- ed outside their assigned corridors or were found without national identifications. The Russian announcement was said, however, to have speeded ef- forts here to get a settlement. Evatt may invoke a Mexican res- olution appealing to the United States, Russia, Britain and France to resolve their differences. That resolution was adopted unanimous- ly by the assembly recently. Evidence So Shocking Spectators Leave Room Before Verdict Given Countless Atrocities Listed As Justice Reads Horrible Account Of Japanese Wartime Brutality TOKYO, Nov. chill swept over the court- today as the international war crimes tribunal fixed on Hideki Tojo and his 24 comrades the responsibility for an estimated one million atrocity deaths. The monumental accumulation of evidence was so shocking that many spectators quietly left the room i midway in the tribunal's judg- ment. The president, Sir William Hideki Tojo, right, walks past guard as he leaves courtroom af- ter hearing international military tribunal charge Japan with re- sponsibility for more than a million deaths through wartime atrocities. Judgment of the court was read yesterday and Tojo along with 24 other defendants may learn his fate today. (AP Wirephoto) A source high in the president's'spoken November 2 in favor of the confidence said he is looking for i policy "in thunders which should Senator Vandenberg CR-Mich) urg-} commemora- ed Russia tonight not to "fool is- self" into the belief that President Truman's election victory means any softening in American foreign policy. The Michigan s e n a t p turns over the chairmanship of the senate foreign relations committee in January to Senator Connally the election re- sults as 47 to 1 in favor of the existing bipartisan foreign policy. Vandenberg said in a speech be- fore the Reserve Officers associa- tion that the American people had There were no morning meetings ican communities. But talks by World Celebrates Armistice Day With Prayers For Peace By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A world living in ah uneasy armistice celebrated Armistice Day yesterday by praying for a permanent peace that two world wars have failed to bring. America, England, France and a few other countries remembered the end of World War I 30 years ago with quiet ceremonies honoring their war heroes. Taps and graveside prayers were heard in thousands of Amer- I successors to Secretary of Defense Teng said the Communists had j Forrestal and Secretary of the Air suffered casualties around Symington in the defense estab- Suchow, three times as many as the government. Ex-Con Admits Wrecking Train NORRISTOWN, Pa., Nov. 30-year-old Negro admitted penetrate even the iron curtain." "The final tally in the free elec- will be about mittee sessions were resumed this afternoon. Russia once again charged the United States and Britain had wrecked attempts here to end the Berlin deadlock. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Y. VI- shinsky also blamed the United States and Britain for what he called the "fiasco" of the U.N. atomic energy commission. He spoke before the political committee. That group is debat- ing a Soviet proposal for a one- third reduction of arms by Russia, featured speakers were heavy with hints of preparedness as events elsewhere cast ominous shadows: The greatest battle in Chinese history raged near Nanking, Rus- sia threatened new interference with the Berlin airlift, Jews and Arabs were at war in the Holy Land, and the U. S. navy checked On reports of a mystery submarine near Pearl Harbor. Secretary of Air W. Stuart Sym- ington sounded the keynote in a speech at Rochester, N. Y. when he said an armistice is only a "temporary device" and that "only by adequate military preparedness can we hope to have a free world." Traditional center of the nation's observances was the tomb of the ii.xc nua. i-ui 'hibition of atomic weapons. this policy, plus; against! _ This man, who would not be this policy, 000 plus j quoted by name, saui that a re- In an obvious reference to Henry i Til Robert A. Wallace's Progressive party, JMlgllSll 1 18116 the United States, Britain, France Unknown Soldier at Arlington Na- i and China within a year, and pro- undersecretary of state, had not been decided upon, but that Lovett Vandenberg said the votes j .that might be favorable to Tn FJlVPF is expected to step out soon. change in were polled by 1UVC1 tionai cemetery near Washington. Military aides of President Tru- man placed the presidential wreath on the white marble tomb at ex- actly 11 a. m. the hour guns were silenced 30 years ago. Scores of other wreaths fol- lowed, and flowers were placed on the thousands of graves through- Reds Clash With Police As France Observes Holiday PARIS, Nov. 11 W Several demonstrators and a police captain were injured in an Armistice day clash between Communists and po- lice at a street barricade in Paris today. Shots were fired, paving stones hurled, and 16 persons ar- rested, including two Communist members of the national assembly. Communist youths seized the bar- riers meant to hold back Armistice day crowds and erected a barricade across the broad Champs Elysees when police blocked their attempt to .parade beyond police-set limits. The youths ran up the Red flag, Secretary of State Marshall "the oneDartv which h e ousans o graves roug- wants to retire at the close of the bWne and with aww LIVERPOOL, England, Nov. 11- out the cemetery, graves of the twin-engined plane with nine dead of both world wars. (Moscow's blessing and with year. The president apparently ;ed Communist support." wants him to slay _ on the job. i Vandenberg, who received the UJ amy un juu., vandenbere who received thp t "loo" herbodieJeof review Reserve Offers I tending to wot tne noaies w international picture with for his efforts toward victims, District Attorney W. Ar- Mr. Truman when hP rPtnrns nold Forrest reported today. Mr. Truman when he returns j Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov j apparently had miscalculated the from Paris. plunged into the tidal basin tonight and sank. The only known sur- vivor swam ashore. Later, members of several vet- erans organizations filed to the resting place of Gen. John J. Pershing, leader of American Webb, read this part of the dec! sion in his clearest, most precise tones. The defendants became- grim. Even former Gen. Seihiro Itagaki, who has worn a sardonic grin throughout two and a half years of trial, was stony-faced, The tribunal listed cases in- volving deaths of persons by brutality and neglect. It men- tioned more than 150 other places where atrocities occurred without giving the number of dead. Unofficial estimates based on testimony during the trial placed the total atrocity deaths at one million as a direct result of Ja- pan's aggressions from 1931 to 1945. After three years of reconstruc- tion and peace under the occupa- tion, the whole of Japan seemec suddenly jerked back into the medievalism of wartime brutality as Webb read on, calmly and cold- ly in his sonorous.tones. It was a chapter so dark that many Japanese have apologized repeatedly to Americans for it, but none ever has dared try to ex- plain it. "Only one conclusion is possi- the judgment stated. _ "The. atroclHes were "either secretly or- dered or wilfully permitted by the Japanese government or individ- ual members thereof and by the leaders of the armed forces." The tribunal found ''from the beginning to the end, the cus- tomary and conventional rules of war, designed to prevent inhu- manity, were flagrantly disre- garded" by the Japanese. It found the atrocities coincided with Japanese policy to humble Occidental prisoners or to break their spirits. It found the Japanese had prac- ticed cannibalism even when they had plenty of food. It found extermination of ship crews and the studied brutajity of the military police were parts of a general plan. In 1936 pages the tribunal con- densed the slaughter of hundreds of thousands and the heartaches and fears of millions who fell under Japanese rule. Each page covered hundreds of nameless individuals. Massacres were so frequent they could be (Turn to Page 19, Please) sang the "Internationale" and flung j ffrifrnrl nf i-nr-, J. llltrV L I To Greet Lausche First reports said the plane was forces in the first war. A wreath Forrest-said the man James M. Meanwhile, there was no further j impact of last week's dection on !bound BeUast to Speke' a laid on his and Johnson of Pocomoke City, .Md., W0rd from the resident's vaca-iAmerican foreign nolicv Smali town seven rniles souf-heast the afternoon a 125-man guard of j-.UnvrmrJ _ _ _ V. _ f T nnl rnU__1____ will be charged with murder. tion developments! The district attorney said that Johnson admitted in a signed state- ment he tore up a 30-foot section of rail hoping to get money by "searching the pockets of the dead and injured." But. Forrest added. Johnson fled immediately after the wreck be- at blockaded Berlin. The presi- dent's aides yesterday threw down' reports a prospective Truman-1 Stalin meeting. Whether Mr. Truman sends a to) ef-l I Outraged of Liverpool. The plane carried seven passengers and a crew of two. j John Matthew Connor of Doug- las, Isle of Man, swam ashore. j wife, Joan, was among the miss- j ing. honor held memorial services there. to Nov" n a outrased Berlin Airlift Johnson was brought here from Edgefield, S. C., where he had been __ picked up for walking along a highway against traffic. IT T> A check of fingerprints showed JLOCatC DOtHCS Ul he was an ex-convict wanted by The plane belonged to the Man- nin Airways of the Isle of Man. It was trying to reach Speke airport BERLIN Nov (for an emergency landing due rator, surmounted by i fog. nK weainer a headcast, rolled out of an office j All passengers on the plane were j building and started across the street against a red traffic light. from the Isle of Man. Shortly be- fore the crash the plane sent a ___, v i ui iw iv, tjcn i, When officers rushed to the message saying it was out of fuel scene, the downtown crowd was land was "going down." I startled to hear protests against! .____________ j being seized coming vigorously! I from the box. A charge of violat- j TVo-ur CLEARFIELD, Pa., Nov. traffic safety rules followed. searching party this afternoon i It finally was explained that the T-> i (located the bodies of two men and j refrigerator was operated by re- J[ Q Jr SlUC wilt 'the wreckage of a private plane, [mote control by its owners" and missing since Tuesday, near Gosh- j contained a concealed microphone paving blocks and chunks of iron at the police. The Paris gendarmes quickly donned their helmets, brandished their pistols and threw a cordon around the area. Several thousand police were called out. They did not use bullets, but some sort of riot shot, possibly rock salt, observ- ers said. After two hours of demonstrat- ing and fighting police, the young Communists broke up their own barricade when a party leader told them: "Don't let your Armistice parade end in a bloody fight. This is just a provocation by the police." The parade was reorganized and I wreaths laid at the Arc de Tri- lomphe. But later ss the celebration Iwas breaking up, a police car en- Itered the Champs Elysees and the demonstrators broke its windows. fjv. ]The police occupants fired several one man was American airlift today and stalled i off a possible showdown on a Sp-1 viet threat to force down planes straying from the air corridors'Child Hanged Pennsylvania police in connection j TVfieeinOf with the wreck of a Reading Co. i passenger train at historic Valley Forge._________________ The Weather ten miles north of here. land speaker. nmn Wrpasm? cloudiness The vic'ims were C. Buzz Johns-! Sponsors of the stunt said the rtav. ,t-.- itor, car dealer, and Clair E. (thing cost to construct. followed bv occasional light rain both did not explain how it came; llniv, at. night and on Saturday! Cooler. "f- The wreckage was sighted to be in the street. jshortly after noon by one of a half COLUMBUS, 0., Nov. Gov.-Elect Frank J. Lausche will greet an old friend when he re- turns to the governor's mansion on E. Broad St., next January after a two-year absence. "Butler County a beauti- ful Llewellyn setter to whom state administration changes thus far have made little difference, will rtmain in his garage home after Gov. and Mrs. Thomas J. Herbert depart. The dog was a gift to Gov. Lausehe from Judge Robert M. Sohngen, but in January 1947 when the governor left the mansion to move into a Cleveland apartment, "Bob" had to be left behind The Herberts, a dog-loving family, wel- comed the chance to keep the setter. The Lausches will find some wel- come changes in the big brick 'mansion when they return. The major change was the remodeling of two downstairs dens and the guest bathroom, made necessary when antiquated plumbing gave Commission Urges Government Make Sweeping Changes Would Overhaul Vital Farts Of Organization WASHINGTON, Nov. Hoover commission urged a sweeping overhaul of important parts of the gov- ernment's executive branch today and predicted it would save "a good many billion dollars." Headed by former President Herbert Hoover, the commission made these salient recommenda- tions: 1. An end to political appoint- ments in selecting the nation's 000 or more postmasters. 2. A bigger, stronger labor de- partment. 3. Higher salaries for govern- ment officials. 4. Unification of the .-'govern- ment's many housekeeping agen- cies into a single administrative staff under the president to handle bookkeeping, buying, budg- et-making and the like. Hoover disclosed the program in making public the first batch of tentative findings of the 12-mem- ber two-party "commission on or- ganization of the executive branch." He is chairman of the body. He based the estimate of sav- ing billions on operation of the pro- posed new system for "say, five years." The proposed changes will be submitted to the new Democratic- controlled 81st congress in Jan- uary. Abolishing politics in the ap- pointment of postmasters, as urged by the commission, would strip more than "political plums" from the reigning party's patronage list. These postmasters are now ap- pointed by the President, subject to senate confirmation. The commission also recommend- ed a "business-style" housecleaning of the post office department to cut its deficit by an estimated a year. Hoover said the government should build up a ca- reer service" in the government by boosting the pay of executives, letting each agency hire its own help, and reducing the "tremen- dous turnover" among federal workers. to blockaded Berlin. All airlift pilots were on the AlltO lookout for Soviet patrol planes! I but spotted none. j KENT, Nov. His head I way and flooded the floors and The pilots were alerted by a j caught inside an automobile win-! damaged downstairs ceilings. Russian announcement, made four-year-old Thomas He by the Americans last night, 'son of Mr. and Mrs. James Finch, that the Soviet airforce intends tojstrangled today. The child was' JTVOOOCf S Bodv lass Nov anv without when a university student: first'sight'etj fair identification, or found out- noticed him hanging outside the; v... the three 20-mile wide corri- window of a narked car. I around h i 'ts or 'the 40-rnile wide area Found In Field Thursday's Temperatures: JO a._ m........42 6 p. m...... 4 p! 12 Midnight.. Tiucrvnic ZANtSVlLlt TftftiV 1UUAT private planes hunting the! i missing craft. I It was several hours before aid.1 ;jj Iparties could reach the isolated: '.43 (spot in a heavily wooded section.: ;The plane took off from Akron, O., i Tuesday afternoon. It crashed a few miles sfiort of its 7.OQ a m j nearby Bigler airfield. Cause of the 's'.-is" p.' m. j crash was undetermined. A heavy! Moonset Sat.. a. m. fog shrouded this area Tuesday I Full Moon ...................Nov. 16tn PROMINENT STARS Splca (below j FARM INCOME UP i VISIBLE PLANETS-Mars (sets Mnv 11_m_- P. Jupiter (low In southwest! WAbHlNGlOiS, Mov. p. Venus 4ioQ; Ohio's farm income is running j. Sntiim (Mch in southeast; ahead of tne agriculture de-j Mercury reports. I Eisenhower The Giraud Mystery What happened to French General Henri Giraud? For the real story of Gen- eral Giraud read today's in- stallment of "Crusade in Eur- ope" by General Eisenhower. You'll learn why Eisenhower called his interview with Gir- aud one of the "most distress- ing" of the war. Be sure to get today's Zanesville Signal. Harvard university officials said [today it is not rising early enough i ahead of the sun for people to get a good look at it. i locations. i Reports reaching here indicate; !the comet has been widely observ- !.ed in all parts of the world ex- i cfipt Cfflnsofl sppsctrs just a. iittle too far north. i Charles Federer of Harvard said jthe best Coroner John R. Turner of Port- j age county said the little boy ap-j HERSHEY, Pa., Nov. 11 flying toiparently climbed up on the body of a man found in a cow the car, pushed his head through j pasture with two bullet wounds in line partly opened windew, back today was identified by Both the Americans and British j lost his balance. j racehorse owner Daniel Lamont as ould hold the Russians of two men who robbed him for any damage or !of around Berlin. Commercial planes Berlin do not carry from the new Soviet >licy. The Americans have had stand- Icame from Dr. Robert "Flaischer, fighters sig' i director of Rensselaer observatory. them to land. i Troy N Y I Dr. Flaischer picked up the I TRAFFIC VICTIM ;comet in the early dawn with a! CINCINNATI, O., Nov. announced purchase of "Hawthorn home of the late Orville Wright. ____......._ ____, _............ _ ___ _______T ___ _ Col. E. A. Deeds, chairman of i pair of binoculars. He JThe 92nd automobile fatality in jthe board and S. C. Allyn, NCR "It is moving west and south.Ifs I Hamilton county this year occur-1 president, announced the purchase now of magnitude 2.5 or 3 and the red today with the death of Thorn- price at covering the home .....and grounds and, with few excep- tions, the furnishings. Cash Register Firm Buys Wright Home DAYTON, O., Nov. State Police Ser- National Cash Register Co., today Alfred Verbecken said. Lamont, owner of El Mono, came here from his home in Altoona, Pa., to view the body and make the visible tai! is about twice the size of the moon's diameter." as Miller, 63. He was injured last Saturday. Two men, one with a mask over his face, forced Lamont early Wed- nesday morning to enter his horns! and open his safe at gunpoint The body of the man found on a lonely road near this central Penn- sylvania community was tentative- ly identified by state police as I James Longden. i WHAT DO THEY MEAN TO YOU? Read A unique and excit- ing fiction serial by ETHEL HUESTON Begins Today in The Times Recorder
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