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Steubenville Herald Star (Newspaper) - August 13, 1973, Steubenville, Ohio STEUBENVILLE HERALDSTAR 58 Ntfwi Cowraff of Mingo Junction and tht TriStatt Arto PHONE 2825311 AUGUST 64 PAGES IN 5 SECTIONS Copy Weekly by carrier Daily Pays High For Russia Grain Deal By DON McLEOD Associated Prest Writer WASHINGTON AP New reports of record crops which are still not big enough and possibly the highest rise in food prices in history indicate Amer icans are still paying for a grain shortage brought on by last years huge sales to Rus Wheat futures prices shot Aver the mark to alltime highs last while loaf of bread on the grocery shelf went up 3 or 4 cents and beef was virtually unobtainable in some Crop Yield Lower The Department of Agri culture announced domestic grain crops will be lower than originally estimated and inter national grain authorities pre dicted continued worldwide shortages and record the biggest bombshell of the week was the statement by the Agriculture Department that food prices may rise as much as 18 to 22 per cent this year over The biggest jump on record was per cent in The department had an nounced it expected Americans to spend about billion on fofld this compared to billion last But a 20 per cent increase would take it closer to bil More A Year In rounded numbers this translates to more spent on food this year by every woman and child in the United States or for the average family of The government acknowledg es that at least 2 per or half a billion of the in crease is directly attributable to the scarcity caused by a sud den boom in export of Nongovernment estimators Slace the figure considerably They assert almost the entire explosion in food prices can be traced in some vay or other to the grain The lack of other grains and soybeans has been blamed for higher prices in pri mary products such as corn for the dinner table and cereal for the breakfast Feed Grain Factor The scarcity of grain also has driven up the price ol com modities dependent on feed grains and other in cluding meat of all cheese and As people turn away from meat because it is unavailable or too the increased demand drives up the price of the meat Since the demands of War H died out in the late the United States has produced more food than it could sell or even give depressing prices and building up huge stores of That picture gradually has been changing as the rest of the world sought more and bet ter food and found the money to buy Runaway Boom What had been a slow trend became a runaway boom last summer when the Soviet Union bought 440 million bushels of 275 million bushels of corn and 40 million bushels of In addition to the Soviet crop failures which necessitated the other failures or dis appointing harvests of wheat and protein products like pea nuts and peruvian created a worldwide food Apparently no one in this country anticipated just how much grain the Soviets would buy from but the impact was The price of wheat doubled from July to Slow To React Slow to the Agriculture Department maintained an ex port subsidy on wheat until holding down the price for the Russians and cost ing taxpayers Some European countries were reported to be hoarding grain because the price was sot while Americans were heading toward eggs and Although the Soviets havent bought as much this the global strain on supplies Total exports for the year appear to be going even higher than in The Agriculture Department predicts wheat exports for the 197374 season to be slightly less than last PHASE 4 ON PRICES WILL SOAR Cambodia Rebels Keep Pressure On Near Bomb Cutoff PHNOM Cambodia AP Khmer Rouge insur gents attacked a government position less than five miles west of the Phnom Penh air port today and captured a road junction town 35 miles northeast of the Cambodian military sources report American pilots kept up their roundtheclock campaign to kill as many of the Khmer Rouge as they can the bombing ends in two Under Attack A battalion of about 500 para troopers at Skoun had been un der heavy attack for the past two The sources said they were attempting to slip past the insurgents in small Skouns civilian population of abandoned the town two years ago when it first came under But field reports said families of some of the paratroopers were still there when the final Khmer Rouge assault West of the Phnom Penh air the insurgents were at tacking at the village of Tupl one of the major links in the airports bombers could be heard trying to drive back the assault Bombs Felt In Phnom Penh the rolling thunder of heavy B52s and the thud of the smaller ex plosives from Fill and Phan tom fighterbombers contin ually jolted the refugeeswollen city of 1 million Information Min ister Sum Chhum told a news conference We would like to have peace with We will fight on for a just peace and to defend our He said there had been con tacts between the Communist led insurgents of the Khmer Rouge and government loyal But he said the Khmer Rouge cannot come freely be cause they are under the com mand of the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong who stop them from coming and having any More Aid Asked if the after the end of the bomb would seek aid from the neighboring governments in Thailand and South he replied Until Cambodia has been determined to defend the city of Phnom Penh and the country by means of its own forces and its own as a country whose neutrality was guaranteed by the 1954 Geneva agreement ending the French Indochina the republic has the right to appeal to friendly nations to help Cambodias deposed chief of Prince Norodom Siha claimed Sunday that two planes are waiting to carry abroad President Lon Nol and his two top Sirik Ma tak and Premier In should the insurgents overrun Phnom Sihanouk made the claim in a speech in Pyong the North Korean where he is Dressed in a a Cambodian soldier sits in a pagoda at Veal Sbou on the outskirts of Phnom Pehn yesterday cleaning a grenade The soldier was taking a break in the sharp fighting around the Cambodian capital as bombers flew heavy raids before their cutoff in two AP Wirephoto Watergate Prosecu tor Files Response To Nixon Refusal J Nixon Back at Desfe To Sign Transit Aid WASHINGTON AP Pres ident back from Camp David where he worked on a public response to the Water gate today planned to sign a billion highway bill that allows the Highway Trust Fund to be tapped for mass The President returned to the White House Sunday night after six days working with aides on the televised speech he plans to deliver about the middle of the He has not the Okayed By Congress The highway bill was ap proved by Congress before it broke for a summer recess The threeyear bill had been stalled for 10 weeks while conferees debated whether trust funds could be diverted to rail transit The diversion was supported by but he initially ob jected to the amount of money to be taken from the Threats of a pocket veto were dropped after Congress in dicated it might not act on the bill until after the The bill allows million in trust funds to be spent on the purchase of buses in fiscal 1975 and the entire million ear marked for urban highways could be spent on rail transit lystems the following Former limits Highway Trust Fund reve nues from gasoline and other roaduser taxes previously had been restricted to highwayre lated The fund was es tablished in fbf 1973 highway bill allows to turn back urban high way funds and spjod an equal amount of general tax money maw transit Atari tt bjiuMi to genera WffHfV revenue funds become avail able for mass transit grants to urban Stripped From Bill Stripped from the bill by the conference committee was a Senatepassed provision that would nave provided mil lion in operating funds for fail ing transit The bill provides billion for construction of the inter state highway system over a threeyear WASHINGTON AP Wa tergate special prosecutor Ar chibald Cox assumed his more familiar role of constitutional lawyer today to deliver his re sponse to the White House con tention that the courts lack the authority to compel President Nixon to obey Cox had until 10 to give his written response to District Court Judge John The former solicitor gen eral who heads the criminal in of the Watergate scandal issued a subpoena July demanding the President produce tapes of nine conversa tions and When Nixon notified Cox and News Briefs Spanish Airliner Crashes in Landing LA Spain AP A Spanish Aviaco airlines jet liner carrying 79 passengers and a crew of six crashed to day as it attempted to land at the fogbound airport air line officials An Aviaco spokesman said feared all aboard were The twinengine Caravelle crashed into a number of houses as it was approaching Alvedro Airport at this port city miles northwest of Ma officials Search For Radio Pleas Cut Back AP An intensive air and ground search for the origin of radioed dis tress calls from what was thought to be a lost boy was cut back today to the use o four radio directional After all the the last five we havent been able to come up with information that the situation is said State Police Chief Martin Theres no information that there actually is somebody out there and where this person might he added at a news conference Ohio Power Plans River Facility Ohio AP The Power announced today it will participate in the creation of a major coal fer facility on the banks of tht Ohio River jn A company spokesman said the new facility will be built about eight miles west of Padu The project is expected to cost the spokesman Sirica he would not turn over the the special prose cutor asked Sirica to order the President to obey the The White House responded with a 33page brief in which it called Coxs attempt to get the tapes a wellintentioned effort to obtain evidence for criminal prosecutions but added that it represents a serious threat to the nature of the presidency as it was created by the Con It referred to the courts as a coequal but not a superior branch of government and said that for the courts to com Eel the President to act would e a clear violation of the con stitutional separation of pow Ruckelshaus Urges Gap WASHINGTON AP Wil liam nomi nated to be deputy attorney says Watergate has shown the danger of free play between the White House and Justice A mere call by somebody from the White House to a tice Department attorney car ries with it a good deal of im said Ruckelshaus in an I think sometimes people in the White House dont realize he Maybe those at the top and they may know exactly what they are Elliot Richard son already has moved to end the informality of contacts be tween White House and ment officials on mat Ruckelshaus Richardson has said that all but minor contacts from the White House and others outside the department must now come through the attqrney generals As deputy attorney gen Ruckelshaus would be in charge of most department dealings with the White The issue here is starkly simple will the presidency be allowed to continue to func tion the brief The White House brief was primarily the work of Charles Alan professor of con stitutional law at the University of who is acting as a special consultant to the Presi dent for this When it comes time to argue the case in Wright will represent Cox will argue the case for the prosecutors Eventually the case is ex pected to reach the Supreme Court for As solicitor general during the Kennedy and Johnson ad Cox argued scores of cases before the high Also pending before Sirica is a civil suit filed last Thursday by the Senate Watergate com mittee which also asked for a court judgement enforcing two subpoenas it issued demanding tapes and Nixon refused to comply with either of In another development over the weekend The Christian Science Moni tor said a poll of 198 congress men showed that the vast ma jority believe that President Nixons historical image will be permanently scarred by the Watergate even if he had nothing to do with Weather Chance of showers and thundershowers through Tuesday lows tonight in the mid 60s highs Tuesday in the low to mid The North Ohio Valley Air Authority issued an index read ing of Winds are 05 miles per north Temperatures at 11 to day at Steubenville filtration 74 Sunday Sunday Latest Nixon Step Places Guidelines For Inflation Rise WASHINGTON AP The nation is now under Phase 4 wageprice which took effect Under the new rules imposed by President prices set by small and medium sized businesses may be increased to reflect cost increases since the last quarter of However larger the 700 companies with business of million a will have to give 30 days notice of any price Exempt from the new regu lations will be businesses with 60 employes or as will the lumber industry and public service Gasoline and petroleum prod ucts will remain frozen until and beef prices will be frozen until Special rules will apply to the insurance and health The per cent wage in crease guideline is to continue Phase Commerce Secretary Fred erick Dent says Phase 4 will probably be ended this but no firm date for ending it has been The administration has not made predictions as to the re sults of the new program and rio target for the rate of in flation by the end of the year has been The goal of Phase officials is to permit inevitable price increases to take place rather than sudden and to limit increases to cost increases and not allow profit Officials hope Phase 4 will be the last attempt to control the nations Treasury Secretary George Shultz has said he doesnt expect to an nounce Phase Shultz said he believes either Phase 4 will be the last such program or he wont be the secretary if Phase 5 is Food prices were partially unfrozen in July and some gov ernment officials have shown concern over the price in creases since Pork and eggs have been two of the fastest rising and officials say they also fear a jump in the cost of We expected an increase but food prices clearly have gone up higher than we ex said Kenneth director of the Office of Food Price Monitoring in the Cost of Living Beef Freeze Suit Filed Shortages Growing Worse By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS packers and con sumers awaited a federal judges decision today on whether the ceiling on beef prices should be lifted imme District Court Judge Morell Sharp in promised to rule today on a suit brought by the Western States Meat Packers Associ There were fresh signs that 4 Phases Of Control WASHINGTON AP Phase which took effect to is only the latest in the governments attempts to con trol inflation and stabilize the Here is the chronology 1 Began and lasted 90 It froze prices and exempting only raw agricul tural interest and divi 2 Began and was the first It covered wages and prices and lasted 14 Wages could increase per cent a prices could rise to reflect busi ness Profit margins were restricted and big firms had to get government approval for large price 3 Began and was largely volun It included Phase 2 guide lines but under less strict en Rent rules were dropped and the government reserved the right to challenge any wage or price food and construction industries were kept under con In the middle of Phase President Nixon imposed ceil ings on pork and lamb prices on March 3Vz Began June 13 and was the second Wages were left but food prices except those on the first sale of agricultural prod ucts were controlled lor up to 60 the beef shortage is Ceilings on the prices of all foods except beef were lifted last month as the first stage of Phase 4 which went into full ef fect Beef prices remain frozen until and cattle men have been withholding hoping for higher prices Officials at the Armys Ord training base near Monte said no beef would be sold at the commissary after today because of the Our suppliers just cannot supply us with the amount of beef we said Col an operations official at the Navy commissaries in San Diego ran out of beef Friday rationing was reported at other California bases and Norm a spokesman for the meat packers said The Los Angeles supply of beef will be zero this The situation was the same The commissioners in Travis are con sidering requests for price hikes from the man who sup plies meat for the jail and juve nile detention facility in the Luther the said he is losing to for every steer he even though he buys the animals from feedlots and slaughters them In HeraldStar Amusements Ann Landers Bridge Comics Crossword Puzzle Deaths Editorial Page Horoscope Sports Television Womens Page 10 7 12 23 23 2 6 9 16 11
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