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Huron Reflector (Newspaper) - December 18, 1838, Norwalk, Ohio WHATSOEVER THIHCS ARE .IX. l-Ji'HJl _ GOOD Paul. ed and Published BY A. K JE S T O Two Dollars per ttherwise Two Dollars and Fifty jcDiiiinued until all arrearages are tlie option of ilie editors. in-cned ilirce limes for one re, and twenty-five coni.-, cry .crtiun. A liberal discount made jherti.-e by the year. ids of Country 1'roduce received commerce. INT's it- 1C. people. of ihe Senate., ntsc of Representatives: tiiale you on the favora- in the condiiion try, under u-hicii juu ie- or (he performance of duties. Though the an- if an abundant harvest ;ry where been realized, whole, the labors of ihe are rewarded wilh a urn: industry prospers s channels of business general health a- 1s throughout our vast O :limate; nothing threat- road, the continuance of ace; nor has any thing ipaired (he strength of and domestic ties lute (he only guaranty ss and permanency of which, formed f peril, have hitherto My Slistninctl tlironjjh ude in onr national af- which c- re and beneficence of :all for our devout and ude. not less reason to be Iher bounties bestowed munificent hand, and "cly our own. it year closes (he first of our federal inslilu- our in (he acknowledged, J unlimited operation or so long a period giv- ireignty of the people sen fully tesled by ex- tution devised by our thp frame-vsorlc ana t system, then untried, a settled form of govern-_ ily preserving and pro-' 1011S- great principles upon founded, but wonder- ing individual happiness nterests. Though sub- e and entire revocation, ;emed inadequate to all yet such is the wis- mstruction, and so stable 2 public scntimc-nt. that naltered, except in mal- I, comparatively unim- has proved amply suffi- j various emergencies in- r condiiion as a nation, e foreign war; agitating twccn domestic, and, in :ls, rival sovereignties; to interfere in the intes- ions ofneighboring coun- angerous influences that -iods of excessive pros- the anti-republican ten- ssocialed .lials not less formidable 211 encountered, and thus ully resisted. served for ihe American st the advantages of a t entirely dependent or al exercise of the popu- ir.d our experience it is as beneficent in prac- s just in theory. Eacl change made in our locn -hascnutribuied to extend n suffrage, has increased influence of Ihc mass of unity, given greater free- ''ividufil exertion, and re- iore and more, the pow- :rnment; yet, Ihc inlelli- dence and patriotism of have kept pace wilh this '1 responsibility. In no s education been so wide- Domestic peace has no argely reigned. The close -ocial intercourse have in 2 prevailed with such har- r a space so vasf. All -ligion have united, for ihe to diffuse charily and pic- for the first time in the all have been lo- ammeled, and absolutely 2 deepest recesses of ihe have been penetrated: d of the rudeness in the ndilion consequent upon nlurcs elsewhere, numer- unitics have sprung up, al- in prosperity, gen- igence, internal Iranquilli- c wisdom of their political Inleriial improvement, pr new confederation, and fresh provident industry. Doubtful uons of domestic policy have been T'.elly seltled by mutual forbe. and agriculture, manufactures, rninisteVlo other. Taxation and public Ihe burd upon all cd wilh comparative lightness us- Without one entangling alii- our friendship is prized by ev- ery nation; and (he rights of our cit- izens are eveiywhere respected, be- cause they are known to be guarded bear so heavily or countries, have prcss- upon and own utiiies as citi- -v-is information has been in confirmed, by a hostile invasion Actually made by citizens of (he U- mlcd Slates, in conjunction wiihCa- i .1 DECEMBER 18, G' iMJi-il for declin- i thi- article are. J b JVC. 47. r and thereof to ihe on the to procure coi Hi'- two (Juvernme and eiits, ar "ccrediled (o ibis Government fron the Arganline Confederation. An exposition of the fiscal affairs 01 Hie Government, and of their, dilion for (he iuuj Tothispractical.operaiionofour nstilunons, so evident and s ful, we owe that mcnl to (hpm which most cheering exhi success- increased attach- H 'i lime 6" u, uumcslic assault. J Ins review of the ap nr pi'osecutioi of military operations the authorities and people of Canada. J he results of these criminal saullsupon the peace ami order of a neighboring country have been -is was to be expected, fatally destru'ct- "O to the nr ___ sons engab in or deluded per- them, and those in whose bchaif arc professed (o have beer, un- dertaken. The authorities in Can- ume to come, against foreign or at eceived- of movements result of ou ns, for half a century, will Ceiling a spirit of vain exul should serve to impress upo us the great principles' frorn whid Hiey r-avc sprung; constant and di rect suv-rvUinn by Ulc QVC measure; strict forbear doubtful or dis- 1 cautious absti- which from puied powers; 1 nence from all; concerns and are best left and individual enter nse. o TI ti n i' uh information our foreign a flairs slate of been rc- mitted (o Congress. I S sary now to bring to only such evcnlsas have sul I10tlCc ly occurred, or are of such'qUeiU" ancc as to require intelhc intended our citizens, have felt themselves obliged (o take precautionaiy meas- Against .them; have actually embodied the militia, and attitude (o repel the invasion "Inch (hey believed (he Colonir vvere exposed frorn the United-Stale' A slate of feeling on both sides frontier has (bus been produced called for prompt and vi4 QMS interference. Jfan insur m Canada, the amicablc'dis' bv the A- (o positions of the United Slates o well as (heir duty towards themselves, would o maintain a strict neutrality restrain (heir citizens from Uv.olation.s of the laws which have ccn passed for its enforce obligation to ment.- recognizes a ci i2c iport- ten- lion. The most amicable disposk continue to be nations will whom the Cove and cilizcm of (.lie failed have an hajitual Ihc date of ny ust aufjua tempts on the part of iu the pLe of u he e order or hag J The mumcalcd, will show the grounds upon which we contend (hat the cit- zons of the United Stales have, in- dependent Of (he provisions of the convention of IS'J a right (o (radc with the natives upon (flc itl question at unoccupied places, lia- ok-, however, it is admitted, to be, 't any (mie. crflinguishcd by the creadon of establishments U such points. This right is denied >J 'he Russian Government, which tsserls that, by U10 operation of (he- rcaly ol 1821, each party agreed (o the general right to land on tne vacant ccasts on the respective sides of (he degree of latitude refer- to, and Mccepled, in lieu thcrc- con- past year, will be made (o you by the the Treasury. _ The available Secretary of :incc in the reasury, on the first of January ,s estimated at 13.J. Ihc receipts of HIP r....... (oms receipts of (he year, from cus- ns and lands, will prob; to These cs of revenue have been increased by an issue of Treasury Of which less than eight millions of dol- lars, including interest and princi- pal, will be outstanding at the end of the year, and by (hc sale of one of the bonds of the Uank of the Uni- ted Slates, for The Aggregate of means from these and other sources, with the bah anee on 111 IKS mutual privileges mentioned he fourth article. The capital 1 tonnage employed by our citi- zens m their hade wilh (he north- west coast of America will, perhaps, on adverting to the official state- ments of (he commerce and navica- ll on of the United Slates for the last ew years, be deemed too inconsid- erable in amount to attract much at- ention; yet the subject may, in oth- er respects, deserve the careful con- ideralion of Congress. 7 regret to state that the block- of Ihc principal ports on the hand on the 1st of January last, has been applied to the payment of ap- propriations by Congress. The whole expenditure for the year on llieir account, including the redemp- lion of more than eight millions of Treasury notes, constitutes an ag- gregate of about forty millions of dollars, and will still leave in the Treasury the balance before staled. Nearly eight millions of dollars of Treasury notes arc to be paid during the coming year, in addition to Ihc ordinr ;is or receive H? of all banks which refused to re dccmthern wilh specie ;by these meas- aided by the favorable action of some of the banks, and by (he support and co-operation of a Jam-e iJortion of the community, we have witnessed an early resumption of -pecie payments in our great com- "crcial capital, promptly followed' almost every part of the atcs. 1 his result has been alike silulary to the true interests of commerce, and manufac- to public morals, respect for ulut confidence be- wccii man and man which is so cs- cntial in our social relations. The contrast between the suspen- of ISUandlhal of most I'1' king. The short duration of t latter ns citizens upon nations at Ihe United Slates, or combinations for committing them, have been at all times regarded by the VJTUVCI i---i realesl abhorrence. Military "Stern coast of Mexico, which, onseqnence of differences between Republic and Fr stituted in M mce, was in- rjfru-l a compc- ne- n- cursions could noi ue nn'ded in so ing a our foreign rcla- am happy 'he now able to in- orm you lhat advance has been nade adjustment of our 11 flic ul lies wife'lbat Republic, and i restoralion (the customary good ecling bclwe the two This imporlaichange has been ef- eclcd by coilialory negotiations, lhat have resud in the conclusion by our citizens into coun- frics so the commission "Iheicof, HI order to eilect a change it) iU government.or under any pre- text whatever, have, from the com- mencement of held equally on Ihe part of lliosc engaged in them, and as much of punishment as would be Ihe disturbance of the public peace of a Ireatv boeen the two Gov- ernments, whij when ratified, will refer to the arrarnent ofa friend- ly power all tjsubjecls of contro- versy betweets growing out of in- juries to indiluals. There is, at present, also ison to believe that an equitable ftlemcnt of all dispu- ted points wile attained without further difficu or unnecessary de- lay, and thuulhorize Ihe free re- sumption of 'lomalic intercourse with our sislelepubhc. With rcspi to the northeastern boundary ofe United-Slates, no official corrcsndence between this Government d (hat of Great Brit- ain has passe-incc that communi- cated to towards the close of Ihc last seon. The offer (o ne- gotiate a coiinlion for Ihe appoinl- ]xentof a joicommission of survey and exploiah, 1 am, however, as- sured will bnel by Her JMajcsty's Governmenti a conciliatory and friendly spii and instructions to enable the ilish Minister hereto conclude siran anangcment wi by the perpetration of similar acts nations. tent French naval force, and is cessarily embarrassing (o our own trade in the gulf, in common with on the pait of the French Govcrn- menf, to render this measure as lit- tle onerous at practicable to Uic jji_- Slalcs, andlo those of neutral com- merce; and it is lo be hoped that an early settlement of the difficulties between Fiance and Mexico, will soon re-establish the harmonious re- lations formerly subsisting between agninopen the ports ofthat Republic to the vcsselsof all friendly ordinary appropriations for (he sup- port of government. For both these purposes, the resources of the Treas- ury will undoubtedly be siuncienl, if the charges upon it arc not increas- ed beyond (he annual No excess, however, is likely to ex- ist: nor can the postponed instal- ment of the any con- within our own territory. By no country or persons liavo llicsc invnlna- blc principlu's of iiitornaliotinl ihe strict, observance nf u Inch is so indispensa- ble U'the preservation of social onJor in llio more earnestly orsncred- ly re-spected than by llinse groat and good men first clccl.ired. and finally established, tliu iridppcndcriCR of our own cuunLry. They pro- innlgnled and maintained them at an curly and critical period in our history, they were subse- quently embodied in legislative enactments ofa highly penal character, the faithful enforcement of which has hitherto been, and will, i trust, al- ways continue to be, regarded as a duty insepar- ably associated wtih ihe maintenance of our na- tional honor. That the people of lho II. ritatcs should feel an interest in the spread as a crime.1. With the en- tire freedom of opinion. :ind an nneli'-Kiii'.fel ex- pression thereof, on their pnrt. the Government has neiiher the right, nor, I trust, the disposi- tion to irnerlerp. But whether the interest or the honor of Ihe V. .Suites requires, lhat they should hc made a party to any ilrusrglc. and inevitable consequence, to the w.ir uhich i-. w.nced in its I support, is a question u Inch by our constitution. is wisely left to Congress alone I" decide. bj the laws, already mad" errmnal in our eiti- xeiis to or anticipate thai derision, by Military operations on their i p.irt. Oflenccs of this character, in addition to j their crimiualnv as of the laws of our country, have a direct tendency to drav. douuand a Similar treaty Wllll UlC 1 CI'U- n our at large the multiplied evils of Confederalion, the ratifica- n and to injiirions impiiia- i i t t lion, "ood fiiitl, and honor of the country.- I UonS of which have been rCCCnlly ed that ihcHislructions will be of ,1 liberal dueler, and lliat this ne- gotiation. ifr.cessful, prove to be an impant slep towards the satisfactory d final adjustment of the controv-y. J had hoj! that the respect for the laws anregard for Ihe peace and honor llieir own country, characlcrizcd the citizens of I United-States, would have any portion of them frorn usingiy means to promote territory ofa are at peace, Uniled Stales are desiroof maintaining the most friendly reions. I regret deeply, however. be obliged lo inform you thai lliias nol been ihe case. Informalioias been given 4o me, derived frfofficial and olher sourc- es, that ma citizens of the United- Stales hajassociatccl together to make hoie incursions from our territory 'o Canada, and to aid exchanged, accompany i for the information of Congress, and legislative enactments as As .such they eleven e te> be put down unh promptitude and dee i-ion I cannot lie mistaken, 1 am confiilcnt. in on the coreii.il unil be l-ailSinill 10 him without need- general concurrence eifeiurfL-lloiv-dlixe-fisinllii-. for S A ci.pyof the pnif-liiiiifiluin uhuli I i less delay, is hoped and expcci- lt mv. ,0 ls com- j j hut th.n the m relation to either of them. sciiM-iiiul pntrioiism, the r-sar-l f-.r the In.nor j 'J-Q Watcll OVCT and foster the ami rcpiiiaiion of their country, the-------- i may be found necessary or cxpcdi- felt it mv duty in IS-.IIP. is hr-rcu itli com- I J J J d (or m- insurrcclio in the power withhich we and with fich the the hus, winch they have cii.n-ie-e.1 I Icrcsts of a gradually increasing and (or their oun uovcrnmcnt. and llic .if order extended Commerce; to for wliifh iho'iua.ss of our ponple have been so j J long ai.el so justly u ,1! ,icli r the j guard (he IliflllbOl AmeilC.in Clll- roiiip.irat'.'-ely few who are in ihc'in I proscculion of si In tin- mean time, the laws have been, and v. ill continue to he. fiithfully ex- ecuted, anil every cfiart uill he mule I" carry ihe'in oiiliri tlicirlull cxicTt. V. hetliT tne> are sum'cicnt or not. to meet the aclml sinio ofllmms the frontier is lor Congress lo de- cide. It will appear, from the correspondence hcrr- wnh submitted, that the Government of ilccl'ncs a reRcv.nl of the fourth article of the Convention of April, ISO I. between the t'tni whom business or pleasure, or icmpt dis. lanl climes, and at ihe same lime lo cultivate Ihosc scnlimenls of mulual rcspecl and good will which experi- ence has proved so beneficial in in- ternational inlerrourse. The Gov- ernment of the United States deem- ed it expedient, from lime to time, siderablc appropriations beyond Ihc estimates be made, without causing a deficiency in the Treasury. The great caution, advisable at all times, r i dercd necessary at present, by the prospective and rapid reduction of thcJCariir-, while the people by the occurrences of the lasl few years, assures us thai they ex- pect from their representatives, and will sustain them in the exercise of the most rigid economy. Much can be effected by postponing appropri- ations not immediately required for Ihe ordinary public service, or for any pressing emergency; and much bv reducing Ihc expenditures where Ihc entire and immediate accom- plishment of the objects in view is not indispensable. When we call to mind the rcccnl and extreme embarrassments pro- duced by excessive issues of bank paper, aggravated by llic unfore- seen withdrawal of much foreign capilal, and the inevitable derange- ment arising frorn the distribution of the surplus revenue among the slates as required by Congress; and con- sider the heavy expenses incurred by the removal of Jndian tribes; by the military operations in Florida; and on account of Ihc unusually large appropriations made at (he last two annual sessions of Congress for other objects; we have striking evidence, in the present efficient stale of our finances, of the abundant resources of the country to fulfil all its obligations. Nor is it less grati- fying to find thai the general busi- ofll'ie community, deeply afFcclcd as il has been, is reviving with ad- ditional vigor, chastened by the les- sons of ihe past, and animated by the hopes of the future. ]3y the cur- tailment of paper issues; by curbing the sanguine and adventurous spirit of speculation; and by the honorable application of all available means to the fulfilment of obligations, confi- dence has been restored bolh at ln'me and abroad, and ease and fa- cility secured to all the operations of trade. The agency of Ihe Government results has been ration of the tlie prompt restoration of bu- siness; the evident benefits result- ing from an adherence by (he Gov- ernment to the constitutional stan- dard value, instead of sanctioning the suspension by the receipt of u- rcdecrnable paper; and the advan- tages derived from the large amount of specie introduced into the coun- Iry previous to 1837, afford a valua- ble illustration of the true policy of Ihe Government in such a crisis___ Nor can the comparison fail (o're- move the impression that a national bank is necessary in emergen- cies. Not only were specie pay-' mt-nls resumed without its aid, but oxchangcs have also been more rap- idly restored than when it existed- thereby showing that private capi- al, enterprise, and prudence, are fully adequate to these ends. Ou til these points experience seems lo lave confirmed Ihc views jeen saved Ihc mortification of see- ing Ihe distresses of the community for the third time seized on to fastea upon the country BO dangerons an rious effects of continued ofthat disturbing subject. The lim- Stiles and His Imperial Miiesty: by the third in producing these as efficient its powers and means permitted. By withholding from Ihc States UK- of the fourth instalment, and leaving several mill- ions at long credits with the banks, principally in one section of the irticlo of which it is agreed tint "lierr.iftrr there shall not be formed by the of the 1'intnd Slates, or under the authority of the snid .Stales. any establishment on the northwest coast of A- menca, nor on any of the Islands to the north I degrees -10 minutes of north lati- tude; and that in the samo manner, there shall be none formed by Hns-ian subjects, or under the authority ol'Kussia, south of the same par- and by the fourth article, "that, during the term often years, counting from the sicun- tnreof the. present Corn ci-.t ion, the ships of bolh powers, or which belon? to the citizens or sub- jects respectively, may reciprocally frequent. without any hindrance whatever, llic interior seas, gulfs, harbors, and creeks upon the coast mentioned in the prr-codincr article, for the pur- to establish diplomatic connections country, and more immediately ben- of individual enterprise, and abet kirrection there, in vio- poic of fishing and trading with the natives of with different foreign States, by the appointment of representatives (o reside within their respective terri- tories. 1 am gratified to be enabled to announce to you lhat, since the close of your hist session, these re- lations have been opened under the happiest auspicics with Austria and the two Sinihes; (hat new nomina- tions have been made in the respect- eficial to it; and, at the same timc, aiding the banks and commercial communities in other sections, by postponing the payment of bonds for duties lo the amount of between four and five millions of dollars; by an issue of Treasury notes as a means to enable the Government to meet the consequences of their in- affording, althe same acraifgemcnt in "Ihc changes of Ihc counlry, or in com- lellinglhc resumption ofspccie pay- ments, is now nol less Is lenclency lo increase inordinale. speculation by sudden expansions and contractions; its disposition lo create panic and embarrassment for tlie promotion of its own designs; its interference wilh politics; and its far greater power for evil than for jood, cither in regard to the local institutions or the operations ofGov- crnment itself. What was in these respects but apprehension or opin- ion when a national bank was first established, now stands confirmed by humiliating experience. The scenes through which wo have passed, con- clusively prove how little our com- merce, agriculture, manufactures, or finances, require such an institution, and what dangers are attendant on its power, 1 trust, never to be conferred by tlie American people upon their Government, and still less upon individuals nol re- sponsible lo Ihcm for Us unavoidable abuses. My conviction of Ihe necessily of further legislative provisions for Ihc safe keeping and disbursement of Ihe public moneys, and my opinion in regard lo the measures best adap- ted lo the accomplishment of those objects, have been already submit- ted lo you. These have been strengthened by recent events; and, in the full conviction that time and experience must still further dcm- onslralc their propriety, I feel it my duly, wilh respectful deference to the conflicting views of others, again to invite your attention lo Ihem. Wilh the exception of limited sums deposited in the few banks still em- ployed under Ihc act of 1835, Ihe amounts received for duties, and, with very inconsiderable exceptions, those accruing from lands also, have, since the general suspension of sper cie payments by the deposit banks, been kepi and disbursed by the Treasurer, under his general legal powers, subject to the superinlend- ance of Ihe Secretary of Ihe Treas- ury. The propricly of defining more especially, and of regulating, ive missions of Russia, Brazil, Bel- 'time, facilities for remittance and ox gium, and Sweden, and Norway, in Schangc; and by steadily declining to by law, the exercise of tin's scope of" Executive discretion, has been already submitted to Congress. A change in the office of collector at one of our principal ports, has brought to light a defalcation of the gravest character, the particulars of which will be laid before you, in a special report from the Secretary of the Treasury. By his report, and the accompanying documents, it will be seen that the weekly returns of
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