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Ohio Democrat, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1879, New Philadelphia, Ohio nrwnat Official Paper of Tusearawas Couatj-.' BY MATHBTVS, ELLIOTT ft OO. "THE Onio DEMOCRAT" Is published ev- ery Thursday morning, In New Philadel. i phia, Ohio, the following rates: One year. If paid at the beginning of tte year, or within three months J2.00 j If paid at any time within the year 2.25 If not paid until after the expiration Ofthe-vear ...........2.581 110 My failure to notify a. discontinuance at tbeead of the time subscribed for. will be considered the wmc as a new engagement, orsubscription. paper will be discontinued until' all irrearagcs are paid, except at the op- tion of the publisher. Established A. D. "THE MUST BE a year, IB adranee. ATTORNEYS. VOLUME 40. NEW PHILADELPHIA, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1879. NUMBER 15 J. HENRY BOOTH, TTORNEY COUNSELOR AT LAW, New Philadelphia, Ohio. SSTOffice up stairs opposite Countv Treasury. TVill at-' tend promptly to all business in his profes-, sion. OL1YKR H. HOOVER, ATTORNEY AT LAW, AND NOTARY PUBLIC, New Philadelphia, O. OFFICE with Hon. A. W. Patrick, 2d Storjof the TVillinms' Block, near the CourMiouse. LOUIS ZELLXER. GUSTAVU8 SESSUAL'SER. Oity Block STOVE STORE! ASBTTRY INSLEY, Attorney at Law, PHILADELPHIA, O. B3Tspecial attention to Probate Business. [Jan.UO-mSS .11. V. REAM, Jr., ATTORNEY AT LAW, ASB NOTARY PUBLIC, BBTSpeciu] attention ghen to collections. Office opposite Clerk's office, Sew Philadel- pnia, 0. S, CITY BLOCK. The Public are invited to call and examine the 6toek oi SSSSSTTTT 000 V V EEEE SSSSb ISS TO 0 V V E bS I SSSS TO 0 V V KEE SSSS SS T O 0 VV E sS SS35S T 000 V EEEE SSSSS COPPER SHEET-1KO> WARE, OK EVERY DESCRIPTION, at the Store of T. C. Attorney and Counselor at Law, Mayor's Office, Town Hall, Seiv Philadelphia, 0. ALL business entrusted to his care will receive prompt attention. Collections and in Probate Court a specialty. Apr.2T76.ly] II. A. MACK AM .11. PHYSICIAN SURGEON. EsTOftici, in Miller's second lloor, opposite Auditor's NKW PHILADELPHIA, OHIO. April 11. Zellner Sennhauser, BLOCK, Philadelphia. "We keep constantly on hand a large stock of all kinds of Goods usually found in a House-Furnishing Hardware Establish- ment. We have all the leading Stoves, both for heating and Cooking purposes, among which are the celebrated IRON-KING ARLINGTON COOB.IJTG STOVES, for which we are sole TVe also call attention to our GRATES and MANTELS. are prepared to furnish Grates and Mantels, either Slate, Iron or Marble, at exceedingly low prices aud 01 any style de- sired. attention paid to Hooting, Spouting, and all kinds of Job Work, in our line. ZELLNER SENNHAUSER, j Apr.l 187b. o. i.. RKSPFCTFULLY the attention of the of New Philadelphia and vicln- i ity, to the j Eclectic Practice of Medicine and Surgery, As the most tilentific, and trust-1 worthy. Patients visited when required in j any part of the county. Office and resilience on >otlth Broadway, three doori noitli of Grimm House, New Phil.idclnhm, O. Hine 12, 72.tf DENTAL. 1. WILLIAXS GIVE, prompt and careful attention to both branches of the Dental Profession. Office in corner of City Block, floor. Beware of peddling IS STILL IS THE Clothing Business AT THE IN THE BLOCK, JSTAnd has just opened a NEW STOCK OF HOTELS. CENTRAL HOTEL! (FORMERLY BIRXEY WATER STREET, UHRIGHSVILLE, OHIO. Completely licit ind relitted in iir-t- sample Rooms for T the aicommod itiun of (ommeruil LTH. Oood Livfrv and in con- nection %vith the Biuio all tt'IU.IAM HILL, 1, Propiictor. Spring and Summer Goods! FRENCH AND ENGLISH OUSTED, CASSIMEKES, HE WILL MAKE Ul' GENTS' CLOTHING, OF ALL KINDS AT Lowest Prices DEM.FK IN JOXOXGAflELA BYE WHISKIES, IMPORTED WINIX CIX.-. HKAXDIEf, KUMMEL, Ac, 31 EW O. AND WILL GUARANTEE FITS. Also, Full Stock of GENTs' FURNI'-HIN'G Maj ItCG-tt Jl'. O. Box 7C2. Boot and Shoe Store! WILLIAM HOLLAND, RYE JSnMPOKl'ED WINES, GINS.jgJ K3-BRANDIE3, Rl'MS, Jrcl -treet, May 3. 1877-tf FR SCHWIXiER, PIANO, ORGAN, YIOLIN, ETC., AND HAKMONIE, Main f NEW PUILADELI'HIA, OHIO. AMO.H Surrey or and-Votary Public, SCOARCBKKK FALLS, Tusoarawas address, Beach H. T. NEW PHILADELPHIA, OHIO. All kinds of Saddlery ind Harness cheap. iuae7'-ti JA.HESA.SJUTII, AGENT KOK THE itchisonjopeka Santa Fe R.R. PHILADELPHIA, O. I SO. CITY BLOCK, i NEW PHILADELPHIA, OHIO. THE undersigned have just recehed an exten- sive aosoitment of BOOTS. SHOES. GAITERS, SLIP- PERS, for the SPRING- SUMMER SEASON OF 1879. Men, women and children, ____can find iu our establish- ment anything and in any style they may desire in the Boot and Shoe line. Leather and Shoe Findings, We always keep on hand a complete stock of Sole Leather, Calf Skin, and in fact everything in the Shoe Finding hno, which we are selling at astonishing low prices. ffiSr CUSTOM WORK done neat anc promptly. Don't fail to give us a call ant oblige, yours respectfully, JOHN ECKERT. City Block, New Philadelphia, O. April 11, '79-tf Sr Cleveland 197 Miller's Block, Room 9, Superior Street.JgJ All persons desiring to buy Kansas lands or tickets to Kansas, will money by consulting me. J. A. SMITH. March 23, 187S-tf EXCHANGE BANK PHILADELPHIA, O., A. BATES, BANKER. JOHN HANCE.CASHIEK. Cash Capital J50.000 Unincumbered Real Estate in Ohio Business conducted the same as that of an Incorporated Bank. Exchange it sight on all the principal cities of Eurtpe. April 6, 187'J-tf THE GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY GRIT'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE THADE JJ recoiamen d e d las an unfailing fcureforSEMiN- WEAKNESS, Spermatorrhea Impotency and all diseases, _ that follow as caiore Taaaga sequence on After TaMng. Self-Abuse; as Loss of Memory, Universal Lassitude, P.iin in the Back, Dimness of Vision, Premature Old Age, and many other diseiteej tlut lead to Insanity, Consumption and a prem-iturc Grave, all of which as a rule are- first caused by deviating from the path of nature and indulgence. The Specific Medicine the result of a life study and many joars of exponent in treating these special Full particulars in our pamphlets, we desire to send freo by mail to every one. The Sjwcilie Medicine is by ill Drug- gists at per package, or six packages for or will be sent by mail on receipt of the money addressing THE OKAY MEDICINE CO., No. 10 Mechanics' Block, DETROIT, Mien. in GKNTSCH TEACHER'S EXAMINATIONS. THE Board of Examiners of Tuscarawas county, will meet for the examination 0) applicants for Teacher's Certificates, in Canal Dover, January Mth. New Philadelphia, February S'Ul Canal Dover, March 8th. New Philadelphia, March 22d. Canal Dover, April 3th. New Philadelphia, April 19th. Uhrichsville, May 3d. New Philadelphia, MaySJth. Newcomerstown, June 14th. New Philadelphia, July 20th. Examinations will commence promptly at i and no applicant will be admit- ted to the class after 10 o'clock. Applicants will come prorided with Sta. tionery, MeGuffey's New Sixth Reader and a postpaid envelop with their address endorsed thereon. Strangers must furnish testimonials oi moral character. A reasonable time will be given on saeh branch, and, if the exam- ination be in writing, no papers will be ex- amined which have not been promptly giv- en at the demand of the Examiners. Certificates will not be dated back. Any applicants desiring to be examined in the higher branches, must so state to the Board at the opening of the meeting they attend. Whatever room the class may occupy, they must not leave it in a filthy condition nor disturb any books or papers belong-in, to that room. JAMES L. U. J. KNISELY, Examiners. J. G. ZAHNER, I PLOWS !_PLOWS! All farmers wishing to purchase the BEST PLOW for the money, should try the Oliver Chilled Plow! Every Plow is arrantccl to do good u ork. Scour in any soil and to run lighter than any 1'lcm in use. __ So traveling agents for this Plow, and only sold in this vicinity by SHARP SONS, Ouio. are al.so Agents for and c 311 hand an assortment of the leading REAP- ERS AND MOWERS, G1U IN DRILLS COEN PLANTERS, AND TWO-HORSE CORN PLOVFS. Repairing of nil kindsdoae -Aftkindfrof-Beaper and hnnd. Give thenfii. edit-before purchasing elsewho. e. CONQUERED AT LAST. BY MISS MARIA L. EVE. [The Mobile Prize Poem.] You came to us once, 0 brothers in wrath, And rude desolation followed your path. You conquered us then, but only in part, For a stubborn thing is the human heart. So the mad wind blows in his might and And tbo forests bend to his breath like grain; Their heads in the dust, aud their branch- es broke; But how shall we soften their hearts of oak? You swept o'er our land like the whid- wind's wing, But the human heart is a stubborn thing. We laid dowa our arms, we yielded our will; But our "heart of hearts" wasunconquer- ed still. "We are we said, "but our wounds must We gave you our swords, but our hearts were steel. "We are we said, but our hearts were sore, And "woe to the conquered" on every door. But the spoiler came, and he would not spare; The angel that walketh in daikness was He walked thro' the valley, walked thro' the street, And he left the print of his fiery feet. In the dead, dead, dead, that were every- where, And buried away with never a prayer; From the desolate land, from its very heart, There went forth a cry to the uttermost You heard it, O With never a measure, You opened your hearts, and poured out your treasure. 0' Sisters of Mercy, you gave above these! For you helped, we know, on your bend- knees. Your pity was human, but oh1 it was more, When you shared our cross and our bur- den bore. Your lives in your hands, you stood by our side, Your lives for our lives you laid down and died. And no greater love hath a man to give, Than to lay down his life that his friends may live. You poured in our wounds the oil and the wine, That you brought to us from a Hand Di- vine. You conquered us, brothers; our swords we gave: We yield now our are all we have. Our last ditch was there, and it held out long, It is yours, 0 friends' and you'll find it strong. Your love had a magic, diviner than art, Aud "Conquered by Kindness" we'll write on our heart. From the Boston estigator. THERE IS A GOD. A Debate Between the Key. J. H. Dodd, Affirmative, and Mrs. E.D. Slenker, Negative. (NO. 8.) MKb 1. "Clemens Romanus I object to tak ing as testimony a man of whom BO little is really known. This Christian Father is supposed to have been made Bishop of Rome either in A. D. 67 or A. D. 91, and of his writings history says: "There is but one ancient MS. in existence, and his first Epistle only is held to be genuine. Measureless are the forgeries which Chris- tian piety and conscientiousness has for ages put upon the world under his name." "Ignatluii." He is believed to have been Bishop of Antioeh in the latter part of the first and the beginning of the sec- ond century, and "is believed to havesua eeeded Euodius." Rather indefinite, is it not? "He suffered martyrdom A. D. 107." (J. II. D.) History aays, "The year of his death is among the obseurl ties of chronology." The Epistles of Ignatius are "admitted by all parties to have been most extensively altered, but such as they are, they afford no test! roony to any one of the essential facts oi the Christian story." They were not published till 1495, so there was plenty of time in which to fix them up, and plerty of Christian zealots who would mr.le a merit of so doing. "Ilirmas" was rather sensible, as he thought "faith, was only fit for the rabble he therefore could not have had faith in the he is not "testimony." is supposed to be a myth, and like many other ancient creations, his story is full of marvels, and among whieh is the incident of a dove flying out of his body when his breast was pierced. If much of the present New Testament was produced fiom the writings of these Apostolic fathers, it was from texts forged upon them by subsequent writers, as there is very little, if anything, ffenimieinthem, whieh is supposed to refer to Christ or Christianity. At least this is the opinion of ancient scholars and critics. You ask which historian I would prefer to have as a writer of my Atheist or a Christian? While believing that there are honest, conscientious Christians, who would try to do the subject full jus- tice, I should prefer an Atheist, because he would, from a similarity of opinions, be better prepared to judge of motives and their results as concerning outward acts, and he would write from a more fa- vorable stand-point. If Josephus was as correct a historian as he is supposed to be, he certainly could never have heard of Christ and his won- derful deeds, his healing the sick, raising the dead, feeding the multitude, nor of the great convulsions of Nature during the crucifixion. Had all these things really occurred, he would have made mention of them, even though it had been but to deny the truth of their occurrence. Spiritualism is a comparatively new religion, but should a historian of to day attempt to write up the principal events of the lust fifty years, he would make a lamentable failure should he make no mention of the marvels said to have taken place among its believers. Paine was mentioned in histories, pub- lic reports, during his vast humanita- rian labors for the freedom and equality ----------lighestf though't, and eorioWm'ned the.popular'soperstitions of .ihe he was quietly, taboo'd by Christiaa jrians; or if .he was mentioned at all, with ingratitude, But as he never pretended to be God's son, or to work miracles, it doesn't mat- ter whether there is proof of his existence or his resurrection. Paul may have said all thou quotes him as saying, and may have thought in his crazy fanaticism that he heard, saw, and experienced wonders; but are his fancies and dreamings to stand as proof, where miracles are to he substantiated Not to me are these things and why believe Christ rose from the dead any more than the thousands of materialized spirits of the day are real resurrections Are there not millions now living, who will give all manner of "testimony" to the truth of returned spirits? 5TetI doubt them their truth, but their judg- ment. Now if Christ ever was, and was resur- rected, I want better testimony than Paul, the Christian fathers, or an old Jew Book! The I never "saw the jelly-like substance turn Trilobite." Nor have I seen gods male Trilobites out of have I any proof they were ever made as special individuals. I do not claim that Darwin is always right in his conclusions; I believed in Evolution long before I ever heard of Darwin 1 I got the idea from my botany, where I saw the great chain of links connecting the whole sciences into one. I saw the development of the seed into the per- fect flower by constant interchanging steps. A tree is only a developed bud branches are but extended buds; leaves are but flattened out branches, a flower is but a transformed branch having the leaves crowded together by the mere de- velopment of the axis. Who is Colenso, who says it would give eighty-eight children by each mother, or, if the first-born were females the males were not counted, forty- four children to each is Knisely? If figures will not lie, how is it that they two reach such different re- sults? "Fifty rods Well, I want a preacher nearer than that if I expect to hear much that he says! Colenso says the Israelites "had 000 sheep and oxen, and that they so- journed nearly a year before Sinai, where there was no food for cattle, and the wil- derness in whieh they sojourned for nearly forty years is now and was then a desert." But in all this debate, thus far, I fail to Gad one proof, one trace of the foot- steps of God, Christ, or angels! Please do give us one good, practical, common sense test or proof of the existence of this God whose being thee so boldly as- serts. ELJIISA DRAKE SLENKER. WONDERFUL TELEGRAPHING. The New Company that Proposes to Send Business Letters for 10 cents. The "American Rapid Telegraph Com- pany" is the name of a company organiz- ed in New Yoik last month. The enter- prise has been kept a secret so far, but promises the most uncommon paper. The company seems to have thor- oughly tested numerous novel telograph patents, The principal invention upon which it bases its claim to existence ia a sort of improved automatic transmitting machine which, it is asserted, is capable of being worked at the rate of 1000 words per min- times faster than the Morse in- struments now in 500 to 1000 mile circuits. The entire anangement is worked by a erank. No skill is necessary, and the speed that can be attained is only limited by the ability of the receiver to register the dots and dashes of the Morse alpha- bet distinctly. The message, after being received, has to be translated and printed in Roman characters. That will be done by girls on type-writing machines at about twice the speed of ordinary writing. The company proposes to have but one rate for ordinary messages this side of the Rocky mountains, viz- 25 cents for 30 words, and 1 cent per word additional. Press messages will be sent at the rate of 10 cents per, 100 words. Arrangements are being made with the Post-office De- partment by which the company will issue stamps similar to postage stamps. Busi- ness men can then enclose a letter of fifty words in an envelope, put on a 25 cent stamp, and drop it into any lamp-post box in a city. The letter-carrieis will make collections every half-hour, and at once deliver such letters to the telegraph com pany. The company confidently expect within three years to telegraph ordinary business letters, to and from all points of the coun- try, for ten cents. Press bureaus are to be established in the principal cities. The first line will be built from Boston to the city of Washington, via New York and Philadelphia, and the second from New York to Chicago, via Buffalo. Three wires only will be strung. The company expect to have both lines completed and working by January 1, 1880. Thesystem will thereafter be extended in all direc- _______ A Lazy Convict. A Columbus correspondent of the Cleve- land Plain Dealer says: At the Penitentiary, this morning, R. D. Huntington, a three-year man from Ashland, Ashland county, cut off three fingers of his left hand to escape work Huntington is a convict of more than or dinary intelligence, and thought that the work was entirely too difficult for him. He is employed in Patton's hollow ware shop, and it was there that he mutilated his hand. His mode of disfiguring him- self showed the man to be the possessor of unquestionable courage. Laying his left hand on a block, and, with a hatchet in his right he began 'operations. The first blow took off about half an inch from the three last fingers. Again he struck hewing off some more. Still thinking that he had not taken off enough, he slashed away again. At this juncture the guard saw what Huntington was doing and wrenched the hatchet from the hands of the desperate man. He was removed to the prison hospital where Dr. Allen dressed the mangled hand. Warden Dyer, when he heard of the matter, or- dered Huntington to be taken back to Pulton's shop as soon as his hand was bound up and given something at which he could work with one hand. The War den says that he is determined to bre.ik this growing practice of convicts maiuiiug themselves tojisoaue A WIFE'S FBEAK. Harold Harkward was one of those beefy, hard-headed squires whose matter- of-fact ways are the dispair of wives who have a sentimental turn, He had bluff and rather noisy manners; he could not give a kiss without making it smack; his talk was about agricultural produce and the breeding of horses, cattle and pigs, and as for jokes, the broadest suited him best. Not the kind of man this who eould have enjoyed himself for the even- ing at an Italian opera, or who could have made the time pass in wet weather by reading a book. He liked neither music nor novels; he had no eye for a picture, no ear for a sonnet; when time hung heavy on his hands he retired to his study to smcke a few pipes, yawned lustily, and then dropped to sleep in his arm chair. During sleep he snored like an ophti- clede. These goings on displeased Mrs. Hark- ward whose Christian name was Jane, but who called herself Belinda, because she considered that appellation more tuneful. She had been a governess, and Harald Harkwood had married her strongly against the wishes of her relatives, not so much because he liked her as because she had succeeded in making him believe that he had compromised her reputation. His marriage was, in fact, a _very chival- rous business, though it had been accom- plished without any fuss, in mere dis- charge of whai Harold considered his duty as a man. He was a piosperous country gentleman of excellent family, and mightily respected in this county. His mesalliance did him some harm with the county ladies; but ho had the delica- cy never to inform his wife by word or sign the unpleasantness he endured for her sake; and, indeed, he treated her on all occasions with such affectionate, good- humored regard, that one would have thought he he made a marriage of incli- nation. A sensible woman w-juld have esteemed herself very happy to be the ab- solute mistress of Harkward Hall, and would have loved Harold for his many fine qualities, chief of which was his per- fect trustworthiness. He would no moro tell a lie than he would have coined a bad sovereign. In all his dealings, great or small, he eschewed roundabout methods, and made straight for his point in a di- rect line. Such men deserve respect, and prudent people are wary of offending them. But it pleased the sentimental Belinda to bewail her fate in being mated to a clown like the one described in "Locksley Hall." She often quoted scraps of this favorite ballad for her husband's edifica- tion, and was not chary of remarking that that the grossnesa of nature would have sufficient weight to drag her down if she did not see it. Perhaps, though, the deepest cause of Belinda's unhappi- ness lay In the fact that she was not pret- ty, so that nobody made love to her. If she could have consoled herself for mari- tal grossness by flirting with a number of young squires, a lord or two, and some curates, existence would not have seemed to her the bleak and lack-lustre thing which she professed to think it. But considering that not a soul had ever rhymed an ode to her gray eyes, nor squeezed her fingers during a quadrille, nor inserted billets-doux into her muff, Belinda was reduced to sighing over the decline of gallantry and she took as her confident in these outpourings Wr. Whee- ker, the local doctor, who used to call at the hall every day, and charged five shil- lings for each visit. For five shillings per diem a country practioner will talk a great deal of poetry, but it so happened that Mr. Wheeker had really much romance in his composi- tion. He was a gray-headed, shy little man, of about forty, so shy that he had never been able to face examining boards at the College of Physicians with proper composure, and, consequently, had failed to obtain his M. D. degree. He was not too well versed in physio, but he knew enough to prescribe for the nervous dis- orders under which Belinda pretended to labor. He refused to tell her husband thathcr's was a highly delicate organiza- tion that needed as delicate handling as a flower. He prescribed tonics for her, dry champaigne, trips to London, and such like Harold assented to every thing ho proposed, and used to elap him on the shiml'ler, saying: "All right, doctor, My Bella's health is in your hands; just order and I'll pay." Naturally this allusion to pay- ment shocked the sensitive nerves of Be- linda, who had come to look upon the doctor as a being of kindred spirit, with a soul above all things earthly. Even when Mr. Wheeker was invited to dinner and polished off viands and wines with the appetite of an epicure, Belinda de lighted to remark how exqisite was his politeness, and how he always found time between two mouthfuls to ply her with some pretty compliment. All this made Harold Harkward laugh, but there came a time when he grew rather impatient at hearing Mr. Wheeker continually held up to him as an example. "You seem mighty fond of this Saw he esclaimed with a shrug, one evening at dinner. "He seems a poorish chap, too. I met him to-day in the road battling with his blue nose against a gale of wind that looked as if it were going to blow him away.'' "That's just like you, to turn a gen- tleman's weakness of body into sighed Belinda. "You seem to measure a man's merit according to ths number of stones he weighs." "My dear, I only said that I saw noth- ing very remarkable in Wheeker." "If you could comprehend his intellect you might soon recognize its superiority to your own." "That's likely enough; we can't all be doctors, you know." "You could at least, be a gentleman in manners." "All right, Bella, don't let us quarrel, old girl; just take another glass of sher- said Harold, having crossed the room with a decanter, he deposited one of his loud sounding kisses on his part- ner's cheek. "I have a very 11-3 ing lif'u of ejacu- lated Bella, submitting; to the osculation, and then she duiucd hei glass with a Harold that she was liuit by his sneers at the saw-bones, bat her porceivett-that-her husband cious pleasure which silly minds experi- ence in giving pain to those about them. Gradually, however, a new sensation took place in Belinda's bosom, and she began to fancy that Harold was jealous of the doctor. This absurd notion pleased her vanity wondrous well. Was she, then, after all, going to have a little romance in her life? Could it be that by making Harold jealous she might fillip his ener- gies and convert him into something bet- ter than the plodding, self-satisfied crea- ture who looked upon wifely affection and devotion as no more than his due? Be- linda had read in some novels that hus- bands are much improved by the discov- ery that other men are making love to their wives. Now, as above said, no one had ever made love to her and this was humiliating. When Belinda's foolish brain had once caught fire at the notion that the might introduce a little roman- tic excitement into her existence, she proceeded to do her utmost to develop the jealousy whieh she believed was con- suming Harold. She took to whispering mysteriously to Mr. Wheeker in her hus- band's presence; she exchanged meaning smiles with him, and now and then red- dened when he spoke to her, casting her eyes on the carpet modestly. The aston- ished doctor did not know what to make of this fightiness; but Harkward was so accustomed to Belinda's eccentricities that he appeared to take no notice of what went under his eyes, he showed that he disliked the doctor, but he made no reproaches to his wife. This was too much for endurance. Wo- men are complex beings, who, when their vanity was in question, will do the most startling things without reck of conse- quences. Not to be baulked of her ro- mantic projects, Belinda decided that it would be a fine stroke if she were to send Harold an anonymous letter, bidding him beware of the wolf in sheep's cloth- ing who had entered his fold. She ac- cordingly wrote a letter iu a disguised hand, and dropped it into the village box. For several hours after this brilliant performance there is no denying that her heart fluttered, and fear for her husband's action waa largely mixed with curiosity as to what he would do. But she did not know Harold's character. A little shock- ed at first to find that people were mak" ing free with his wife's name, he soon dismissed the idea as a piece of imperti- nence, and having flucg the letter into the fire made not the slightest allusion to it. On the contrary he evinced rather more gayety than usual, and was observ- ed to be smiling at times as he scanned Mr. Wheckor just as if lie were inwaidly relishing a little joke. Then Belinda felt outraged. It seemed to her that Harold doubted her power of winning any suitoi's homage, and she surveyed Mr. Wheeker with a ciitical eye, as though to note whether he were, indeed, a man whom it would be absurd to connect with lomantic episodes. He was certainly not good-looking. His face was weazen, and he had a trick of rubbing his skinny hands together as if he were cold. But then he dressed well, bowed well, and talked with a finikin grace pecu- liar to doctois who lovo toad-eating. thought Belinda, "Mr. Wheeker has nothing in him to excite and full of rage, she dispatched a second letter, then a third at a few days' interval, then a fourth. As none of these epistles produced any effect on Harold's extremely thick moral cuticle, Belinda, who was by this time beside her- self, posted a fifth letter, much more wild and explicit than any of the others. This time the shaft went home, for Harold, though he did not show it, had begun to grow uneasy. It so chanced that he wa? in a bad tem- per, owing to some tiff with one of his farm'ers, and on receiving it he strode off with it to his wife's boudoir to ask for ex- planations. Mr. Wheeker was in the room and in the act of taking leave of Belinda, to whom as he bowed he handed a letter, whieh she furtively slipped into her pocket. There was no need for this furtiveness, seeing that the letter only contained the doctor's quarterly bill, but it tallied with Belinda's little game to keep up the pretence of mysteriousness. "Look here, said Harold, when the doctor had gone out. "Just read and he handed her the letter. Belinda quaked a little, for Harold looked flushed; but she perused the mis- sive with a queenly air, and, arching her eyebrows, asked provokingly ''Well, what of this letter'' Are you going to accuse me on the denunciation of an anon- ymous "iVot at said Harold, "but j'ou must be careful what you do in a place where such scandal as this can be written. What was the note which the doctor handed "I don't think 1 am bound to tell you? "I think you are, Bella." "Then I said Belinda, put- ting a hand on her pocket, and retreating as if she feared assault. "Is that your final Harold had become ominously calm. "Certainly it replied Mrs. Hark- ward, though the words almost choked her. "All right, my dear; but you'll repent said Harold, and he strode from the room. Belinda thought he had gone off to tweak Mr. Wheeker'snose, and her heart smote her for this positive mischief. But she saw and heard nothing more of the affair till evening, when her maid brought her this letter from her husband, who had hastily left for London1 Mr DEAR I married you I thought'to make you happy; as it seems I have failed, I will rid you of my company for a year or two by going a tour round the world. Arrangements will be made for your maintenance while I am away, and on my return I hope we shall understand each other better than we hive done of late. Your affectionate HAROLD. Two later this lamentable tisement appeared in the Times agony culutnn II to joui bioken hcaitc'l wife, anil all will be explained. She will und f'oigct creiything. "I want S200 on the main and 'undreJ dollars on the said a eock- .jiaKortake-no pun'isjtment of fenlsos in whrnfr'tjifly arc "TeU tfie good -for; mfl cn'e'witfeoat a.heH.' fiHficsift'V caused the 1 i oecupy'a'cVttage at. Newport TRAMPS. Speech of Hon. J. C. Fislier, Delivered ia the Ohio Senate, March The Senate having under consideration Senate bill, No. 225, by Mr. Jackson, of Perry, to define and punish vagrancy, Mr. Fisher, of Coshooton, said: MR. PRESIDENT: I offer the following substitute for the bill now before the Senate: i SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That any person not being in the place in which he usually lives or has his home, and who is found going about from place to place, begging and asking subsistence by char- ity, shall be taken and deemed to be a tramp, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in the pen- itentiary not less than one nor more than three years. SEC. 2. That any tramp who shall en ter any dwelling house, or shall enter the yard or enclosure about any dwelling house, or shall kindle any fire on the highway, or on the land of another, with- out the consent of the owner or occupant thereof, or shall be found carrying any firearms, or other dangerous weapons, or shall do or threaten to do any injury to any person, or shall do or threaten to do any injury to tha real or personal estate or property of another, shall, upon con- viction thereof, be imprisoned in the pen- itentiary not less than three years nor more than five years. SEO. 3. This act shall not apply to any female or blind person, or minor un- der the age of sixteen years. SEC. 4. This act shall tako effect and be in force from and after the first day of June, 1879. This may bo regarded by some Senators on this floor a radical and somewhat harsh way of dealing with the evil which it seeks to remedy. The substitute propo- sition does not seek to simply regulate and curtail the tramp scourge, but to an- nihilate it. To do this, measures that may seem harsh even unto cruelty must be applied. The tramp nuisance is no longer a nuisance merely. It has assumed such proportions as to be absolutely un- endurable. It is a positive property, to life, and to the State itself. The tramp has developed into a person that roams from town to town, from State to State, begging, stealing, robbing, house-breaking, burning up property, and assaulting women and Tramps have became practical commun- ists. They hold that the world owes them a living without work, and they will have it at all risks. They believe that all things should be owned in no man has a right to accumulate money and grow rich, and if he does he must share out the good things he has acquired by his industry and economy among the indolent and profligate who belong to the grand army of tramps. During the so- called labor riots in the summer of 18T7 the tramp was the moving cause of the disturbance, and did most of the mischief. It was the professional tramp that set fire to the warehouses and bridges, and threat- ened destruction to life and property gen- erally. It is the tramp still that burns barns and haystacks, robs henroosts and and very often resorts to burg- lary and rape and murder in his lawless career. The tramp is now as distinct a nomad as the gipsy, without the gipsy's good qualities or industry. The tramp scorns tents or cooking utensils, moves without hoises, and feeds without labor. They now move in concert, with a language all their own, and consider the outskirts oi cities and separate farm houses legitimate prey. So long as they confined their de- mands for food or old elothea, they were fairly treated, and rarely refused: but this will now be restricted in view of the many crimes attempted by this class. When- ever the wives and daughters of our peo- ple are to be subject to the insults oi these wretches, the time has arrived for summary and severe punishment. We have daily to record instances of women outraged, whose cries for help are un heard, and the perpetrators go unpun- ished. The conduct and vile outrages of these vagabonds are becoming so glaring and frequent that summary justice will be vis- ited upon them, and the shotgun policy will gradually grow into more general use. It is becoming a serious error, if not a crime, to favor and feed tramps any longer. It is not many years since it was es- teemed a privilege for a liberal farmer or industrious citizen to assist a poor man on his journey who might stop at his home for rest and refreshment. Then it was that the poor wayfarer was an object of sympathy and truly an unfortunate fellow creature. He presented his plea modest- ly and graciously, and scarcely ever did it fall upon unwilling ears. Charity given to such an one was not bestowed m vain. If able to perform manual labor he never asked for bread without tendering its equivalent in work. If not strong enough to woik, lie received aspistancc with many thanks. It was a pleasure oftentimes, for the 'comfortable to give the best in thfir homes to the poor unfortunate, who had neither money, home nor friends. Peo- ple who lived in the rural districts or in farm houses never felt fear from this class. But this is so no longer. Neither is it fair to say that the modern tramp is the outgrowth of this class of unfortu- nate humanity. But, wherever the mod- ern tramp may have come from, he is here, and he is as unlike the beggars oi earlier years as he" is lazy, treacherous and deceitful. A gentleman who had spent several years in the military service of the Gov ernment, on our western border, gave it as hw opinion that "the only good In- dians are those who stand before cigar stores, or are dead beyond the possibility of a resurrection." This remark will ap- ply with almost equal truth to the modern tramps. Professor Waylaud, of Yale College, in an address delivered before a Social Sci- ence Convention, held at Saratoga a few months ago, photographed the tramp in language forcible but unexaggerated. He describes the tramp as a "lazy, shiftless, sauntering or -ill-conditioned, incorrigible, cowardly, ut. telly dunuird and accuralely stated tlio danger he is to bociely in pay ing that, being devoid of conscience, he knowb no validations of crime, and com- mits a muidei1 or a petty theft with cqua indifference. The character of the tramp, Tiowever, is too-welllcBOwjj, to tm COUNTY OFFICERS. JAMES PATRICK, JK .Common Pleas Judge JACOB ClerK ALEX. H. BROWS..........Probate Judge J. H. MITCHELL......Prosecuting Attorney JOSEPH S. A.E.HOLMES....................Auditor JOHN A. WAGNER...............Treasurer DAKIEL WYSS ..................Recorder DANIEL KHUN, JOHN H. BENFEK, Commissioners. EEENRY B. KEVFFR, OLIVER H. GBO. W. BOWERS, New Phlla.... Coroner ALEXANDER BROWN) JACOB WBERLEY, Infirmary Directors. PHILIP LAIIM, Terms Court. DISTRICT CODRT.........September. 1st. COM. PLEAS May 19; JTov. 8. IgpTHE OHIO DEMOCRAT has a larger circulation than any other neicspager in Tusmrawas County. creasing in numbers and violence every guagC; nition, and not one offender out of twenty is punished. Tramps are continually on the move, and escape from local jurisdie- iion. The only way to deal with the evil is to lay the axe to the root of the tree, and not to simply lop off the limbs. It is truly said in the thoughtful essay to which we refer that honest men deprived of work are sometimes obliged to seek it where they can, but statistics show that :he vast majority of these wanderers are impostors. They travel to avoid employ- ment, not to find it, and blend the bully and the beggar in their trade. Dr. Holland, in an article on this sub- ect printed in Scribner's Monthly for December, observes that the "accidents of life sometimes cast a man or woman high and dry upon the sands of a help- less poverty; but usnally pauperism comes through a lack of the prudential virtues. It is not always that a pauper wastes his revenue in drink, or other immortalities; but somewhere in his career, forty-nine times in fifty, it will be found that he has been extravagant; that he has not exer- cised self-denial under temptation; that bo has lived up to or beyond his means, or has ventured upon risks that the low- est grada of business prudence would con- demn. Now who is to bear the penalty of these sins and mistakes? How are they to be prevented in future if those who commit them, regardless of conse- quences, are to be coddled and taken care of by those who have denied themselves and laid up a little wealth? Certain phil- anthropists with mawkish sentimentality try to make us believe that the special business of a thrifty man is not in any way to enjoy the fruit of his prudence and en- terprise, but to shield the shiftless people around him from the results of their own imprudence and improvidence." It was Thomas Carlyle who tersely anc truthfully said: "Let wastefulness, idle- ness, improvidence take the fate which God has appointed them, that their op- posites may also have a chance for their fate. It is clear that the system of genera' giving of food and cjothing to these peo- ple is only putting a premium on beggary and lawlessness. It is equally clear thai local legislation by town and city councils cannot abate the nuisance. It may do so for the particular town or city, but it only renders the case of the country people worse by driving all the tramps out among them, and placing them at the mercy o: this roaming, lawless band of marauders. It is true that if the people generally would refuse to feed tramps their houses and kitchen doors will soon be rid o: them. But the people ara terrorize; into acceding to their demands for fooc and shelter. It is a struggle for many honest people to live and meet obliga tions, after constant labor day after day and yaar after year, and there is no law moral or physical, which requires th( throwing away of substance on a class o: people who refuse to work, and hav( pledged themselves to perpetual idleness. They ought to be forced to work, or forced out of the country. The name o "tramp" has lost its novelty, and is no longer spoken but with fear and con- tempt. The industrious are not required to support this vast army in idleness and dissipation. During the last year there were rural districts in some portions of the State, where the became so threatening to life and property, that vig- ilance committees were formed to hold it in check, and if the law making power of the State does not devise some more ad- equate remedy, the near future will wit- ness a general move for the formation of vigilance committees to afford better pro- tection for isolated neighborhoods, and to secura the summary arrest and severe punishment of these lazy outcasts, when- ever they attempt or threaten violence. In nearly every issue of the daily Jour- nals are recorded the most revolting crimes, the most glaring deeds of murder and outrage, and the wanton destruction of property, directly traced to the evil propensities and passions of this ungov- ernable class. Unless a man makes up his mind to do or dare anything, to fight, rob or murder, if occasion shall seem to rcquiic it, he is not a good tramp, and has no business in the tramp organiza- tion The few worthy poor, who really beg for a living, have been driven off the track, and the desperate fellows have pos- session of the course. The character of these Ishmaelites of idleness and vice being ascertained, it is clearly the duty of the General Assembly if possible, to rid the commonwealth of this pestilential devise a remedy certain, swift and positive. Tho only remedy for the tiamp is to abolith utterly and forever, and this I believe can be done. What I greatly desire, and which I think is a duty wo owe our constituents, is to prevent tramping and beggary be- coming a permanent institution in this country as it is in England. Such a thing will justify radical measures against the professional tramp. It is for the tramp's own good, and the welfare of society, that he should be compelled to work for his food, clothing and shelter, even when it is conferred in charity. This is the fundamental idea on which all laws to meet the end should be based. One thing is certain, unless some effective means are adopted to stop the growth of this species of vagabondage, the country will be cursed with a race of beggars, bringing up children to lives of beggary. The in- fluence upon society of such a class of alone anywhere in the woods or fields. A population, gradually increasing in num-! law last winter by her State Leg- bers and becoming fixed in characteristics, j islature, containing the previsions of this cannot be otherwise than baneful. Aside substitute, effected all this change. Xow every wandering vagabond steer? clear of year. In England the strolling vagabonds, beggars and tramps are banded together in a secret organization for mutual aid and protection in their warfare on society and industry. They have a slang Ian- well understood signs of recog- and a system of hieroglyphics which they mark on fences, walls and door steps, which convey information as to the liberality or crustiness of residents, whether the police of the locality arc active, the dogs dangerous, and other curious knowledge of value to the tramps. The Englibh tramps also have charts of successful begging districts, with hints as to the policy to be pursued in making application at different houses. This organization and sj-stem of informa- tion has been the work of generations of tramps, for the vocation of begging de- scends from parents to cbildren. The young are trained to it and follow it as a matter of right, which society has no power to question. Beggary is recognized as a legitimate vocation, at least by the thousands who adopt it as their life pur- suit, and in time transmit it to their chil- dren. Tramping is only of recent growth in the United States, but it flourishing under pressure and excuse of hard times, in a remarkable way. The tramp is becoming a fixed and set- tled class of American society. Tramp- ing has become _a business, and thousands are permanently engaged in it for The lazy, vicious and indolent easily find some excuse for adopting this vagabond life, and it has charms for the rude and vulgar that tempt great numbers to aban- don every .thought of an industrious or useful career. The New York Herald insists that even, in the short time that the "highway as he calls himself, has become a recognized American insti- tution, he has worked out the system of organization practiced by his fellow vaga- bond in England. The American tramp, like the British nuisance, is a member of a' 'Union'.' with grades and laws and signs definitely prescribed and obeyed. He is aided in his thefts and crimes, screened from justice when pursued, rescued from punishment by violence or perjury, with a devotion not surpassed by the oath bound Molly Maguires. They have theii seasons of coming and going, appearance and They have districted the States and sec- tions of country in which they travel as accurately as the Internal Revenue Bu- reau or the collectors of taxes. They have signs and signals, which are so much Hebrew to those not belonging to their guild, but perfectly intelligible to one an- other. Mysterious chalk and charcoal marks on fences, doorposts and cross- roads tell whom and what to avoid, where the shot gun gives a warm reception or some soft-hearted dupes may be found. The Ilcra.ll estimate? that there are at least meu following this vagabond life in the Eastern aud Middle States. The evil is increasing, aud it can hardly be estimated if allowed to go on un- checked. Laborers and mechanics out of work become tainted with a love of this idle, nomadic sort of life, and in time graduate into first class Broad and radical measures should be adopted for the suppression of this evil. Trampisni should be stamped out. Wher- ever a vagabond is found he should be put to hard work and kept at it for a long term. If all the States would treat them in that manner the worthless nomads would soon find it more agreeable as well as more profitable to cultivate some occu- pation outside of workhouses and peni- tentiaries. All able-bodied men found begging should be considered vagrants, and vagrancy should be made a crime. But it is useless to attempt to remedy the evil by fines and jail incarcerations. It is no use to put them in the lock-up to be a public expense, without any compensa- tion. Many of them covet that. Nor is it any more to the purpose to tay it will cost the public too much in the way of taxes for improvements to keep them at work. The truth is, they must be fed and clothed, and that by the public. The only question u> whether the public shall receive some compensation for that food and clothing or not. The legislation that I propose in this bubstitutc would in my judgment, rid Ohio of tramps within six- ty days, or would put them in a situation where they must render some equivalent for their food and shelter. There is no other authority but the State, which has the strength and the means, to act suc- cessfully in this matter. Cities and towns acting in their re- spective capacities have endeavored to deal with this community scourge, bu with varying success. Where it alleviated in one section only seemed to aggravate it in another. Communicating a disease to a neighbor is not a desirable cure, even though it does relieve one sufferer. Each year in the various State-, legislation more or less repressive enacted for the purpose of getting rid of this undesirable and migratory population. Of the leg- islation enacted to put an end to vag- abondage none has proved ?o effective as the tramp law of XewUampshire, the main provisions oi which arc embodied in the substitute which I Imve sent to the Clerk's desk. It has wrought entire relief in that State, 1 am informed that there is not a tramp, at present, in the State of New Hampshire. A little more thai a ycar ago, the State was over-run with them, so that it was not safe for a woman to go from the direct loss by theft and arson, and by the withdrawal of such an army from the productive labor of the com- munity, this country can ill afford to tol- erate a distinct class of thieving beggars that State. Tramping, as a profession, has ceased in New Hampshire, and if this kind of a law was enacted in every State, tramping would be at an end in this coun- like the Copts of Egypt or the Lazzaroni j try- Every town would then, be obliged of Italy. It would seem to than ito aftcr its own poor and its own folly to allow the benefits of public edu- scoundrels as it should do. cation and restraints of penal law to be The only effective way that has been virtually lost to the State by this practical. discovered of dealing with the tramp is Pchool of idleness, vice and crime opera-! to wor'i ''or w'iat 's gnon him ted by the race of piofo.-ional tramps. under the di- 1 region oi armed li he will not J Ncy no lunger doening un- pi'il'unn the labsr otherwise. No woik employed men anxious ior woik, but only' f di him from a or a the icimis, dissolute, and dishonest ?cality- Work or L, the lazy to ,md too cowardly anght' tramp but sneak-thieving and iotult and out- Burdette. of thr'llawkeye, iu
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