Middletown Journal, February 23, 1950

Middletown Journal

February 23, 1950

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Issue date: Thursday, February 23, 1950

Pages available: 84

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Publication name: Middletown Journal

Location: Middletown, Ohio

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Middletown Journal {Newspaper} - 1950-02-23,Middletown, Ohio HOME EDITION THE MIDDLETOWN JOURNAL VOLUME XCIV, No. 8. DAILY Knt*r*d "    «*«« « «>• ponomc, 7    nf Middletown, Ohio, Uoder Lb( Act of 1Í1». ' MIDDLETOWN, OHIO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1950. 2S PAGES TODAY WEATHER Mostly cloudy, cold with snow ilurries tonight, Friday, Noon temperature 32 PRICE FIVE CENTS BANDITS SEIZE $350,000 TRUCE KALIS THREATENING PHONE STRIKE Union, Companiesi Accept Truman’s Request For Bargaining WASHINGTON (AP)—The threat of a nationwide breakdown in telephone service, scheduled for tomorrow, has been lifted by union acceptance of a presidential appeal for a 60-day bargaining truce. ‘‘We will bargain every day, 24 hours a day during that period in seeking a peaceful settlement.'’ said President Joseph A, Beirne of the CIO Communications “Workers of America. President Truman asked that Service remain uninterrupted while work goes on under present wage, hour and other conditions. Some Beil System Companies accepted promptly; others were expected to do so, Beirne quickly polled his executive board on yesterday's White House proposal. He announced the decision last night, notifying Mr. Truman by wire that the union recognizes its obligation to the “public interest and welfare.” "We have a sincere desire to resolve the issues through collective bargaining in an open, straightforward manner,” Beirne said in a statement. “In accepting President Truman's request for postponement, of the strike, we take one more step in our continuing effort to preserve industrial peace.” The Lang Lines Division of American Telephone and Tele graph Company wired the President it would be glad to continue bargaining "in a sincere effort to settle the dispute.” The added time, if said, should be “useful in reaching an agreement.” Similar word came from the Western Electric Company, one of the key companies in the dispute, and others. In Atlanta, the Southern Bell Telephone Company went a bit further, and suggested the truce run until June 5. The strike of 100,000 telephone ■workers had been set for 6 a.m., local time, tomorrow. Another ' 120.000 phone workers were due to join the walkout on March 1, vhen their contracts expire: these too. are covered by the truce. The President offered the “active assistance of the federal mediation and conciliation service” throughout the bargaining and asked for an “earnest” and “ex- Lewis, Operators Reported To Have Narrowed Gap Owners Offer To Increase Financial Concessions, Is Unconfirmed Word; Pressure '.Building On Both Sides To Reach Accord WASHINGTON—(AP)—John L. Lewis and coal operators were reported today to have narrowed the gap between them in their long drawn out haggling over a new mining contract. The report — officially uncon firmed from either side — was that operators had offered to increase slightly the financial concessions they previously had proposed. It came from sources close to the negotiations and sent a surge of hope through government officials struggling to get the mines back into production and end the fuel famine that already has brought rationing and “brownouts." chilled homes, curtailed schools and industrial production in many areas. Pressure was building up on both sides to reach agreement. For Lewis, time was running out. He is confronted with the danger of multi-million dollar fines^on the United Mine Workers Union if the miners are still on strike tomorrow. Bearing on the operators was, the increasing talk among some pro-labor members of C o n~ gross that the government should seize the mines and retain any profits made while the HOUSE FACING FINAL VOTE ON SUB FEPC ACT Administration Fails To Put Over Bill In 15-Hour Session Washington: — (AP) — The House passed today a Fair Employment Practices (FEPC) bill stripped of enforcement provisions. The bill, far short of what President Truman wanted, now Foes to the Senate. The House action came after a debate that started at noon yesterday and ran into early this mornine. The vote was 341 to 176. pits were under federal control. The seizure question was brought in casually during a session of a Senate Judiciary Committee where William Green, president of the American Fed- ness°n °f Lab°r’ W3S thC Wil_ WASHINGTON (AP) — A , ,, ,,    , Fair Emplovment Practices Liieen told the senators he    i ii, ’    t - j feels sure the miners would go    ' with few 11 tends back to work if the government |and no enforcement provisions seized the coal pits. He added that he is ‘‘not sure1’ the time' for .seizure has arrived. but that he had read in the newspapers that "the situation is critical in some places.” Green was before the committee to oppose a bill that would make labor unions subject to the anti-trust laws. There continued to be talk on Capitol Hill that Congress might vote power for the President to seize the coal mines and tell the miners faced a final vote today by weary House members who toiled 15 straight hours to pro-j (Continued on Page IK) Stage Of Mass Layoff Reached In Coal Crisis (Continued on Paffe 28) Jet Fighter Catches Fire, Man Is Killed MANHATTAN BEACH, Cn.l.— (AP) — A new jet fighter blew lip or disintegrated in the air yesterday, killing one man. injuring another and setting off an oil refinery fire that raged for hours. Dead is Arthur Turton. aircraft technician. Redondo Beach, He was riding in the plane with Charles Tucker, 30, La Crescenta, the pilot. Tucker was thrown clear of the plane by his ejector seat, and was found dangling in his parachute in a tree. Tucker suffered arm and leg fractures, Turton’s body was found in the plane's wreckage, which fell near a reservoir of oi! and set it afire. Turton's scat also was fitted with an ejector device, but it was not operated. Both men were employes of Northrop Aircraft Incorporated, builders of the plane, one of the new XF-M Scorpions. The fiery debris ignited some 20,000 barrels of oil, a refinery spokesman said, but the “blaze was quickly brought under control. Smoke rose 5.000 feet into the air. PITTSBURGH (API — More emergency measures went into effect today as industrial America scraped the bottom of its coal bin. The coal crisis reached the mass layoff stage. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation. the nation's fourth largest steel producer, started closing its plants in Pittsburgh and nearbv Aliq'uippa. That will idle 23,000. The big steel firm's own mines have been closed by the nationwide strike of the 372,000 United Mine Workers who refuse to obey the eease-strike command of their chief, .John L. Lewis. The Jones and Laughlin employes will boost the nation's strike idle in allied industries to 78,500. Other segments of the steel industry have banked several blast furnaces. Virtually all industry is feeling the pineh of the dwindling eoa.i slock pile. About 40,000 workers in industrial plants at Erie. Pa., will be laid off two days next week unless there’s an immediate break in .the strike. Mayor Clarence K. Pulling, who ordered a city wide brownout and declared a fuel emergency. appointed a committee which: 1, Ordered industries to close next Sunday and Monday and to be prepared for another day- duce it.    i The measure was in imminent danger of being sent back to the labor committee for a slow death in a committee pigeonhole. The bill was tentatively approved m the eaTly morning hours after southern civil rights opponents had filibustered relentlessly against an anti-jnb to work in them asjdiscrimination measure with enforcement ;cet h, backed by I President Truman's force?. The House was ready for the final vote at 3:20 a. m. (EST), when a technicality forced it to quit, putting off the showdown until sometime after noon. Supporters of the Administration bill found little to their bk-mg in the substitute measure bearing the name of Representative McConnell tR-Pa,' Southern Democrats who don’t want any kind of FEPC measure indicated they would vote to recommit the McConnell bill. They expected strong Republican support — and maybe some northern Democratic support, as wel 1. The bill wuld create a five Coal rationing is widespread and even coal centers like Pittsburgh are feeling the pinch. Retail coal merchants told Pittsburgh Mayor David L, Lawrence that heating equipment in institutions is facing imminent breakdowns. They explained the institutions are us(ing vastly inferior quality coal —the only fuel available. In addition, the supply nf the strip mine (surface) coal is threatened because of increased Map illustrate* theory of Harrison S. Brown, atomic scientist of ihe University of Chicago, who recently described how radioactivity from hydrogen bomb blasts could be made io kill every living thing m an area 3000 mile, «rid. and 1500 miles deep. A series of H-bomb explosions, along a norih-JOUth line at about ihe longiiude of Prague, C«=hos!ovakia, would produce great clouds of radioactive dust. These would be carried eastward by prevailing winds, destroying all life from Leningrad Jo Odessa and from Prague to ihe Ural mountains, he said. Taking reach the Urali. the deadly cloud would begin losing intensity and by Pacific ¡o the west coast of North America, it would be harmless. Brown pointed out that Ihe process could be reversed. H-bombi set off along a north-south line in the Pacific. 1000 miles west of California, would produce a radioactive cloud that would hit California in about a day and New York in four or live days, as shown on inset map. ITHEFT STAGED AT RESIDENCE IN CLEVELAND [Woman In Early 60s Slugged. Male Nurse 'Bound By Robbers CLEVELAND (API — Six hooded bandits boldly burst into the spacious home o£ multi-millionaire William G. Mather early today, slugged his wife and got a\va\' wrh a fortune in jewelry. The family iixed the value at around S350.000. Earlier, police estimates of the loss ranged from 5200,000 to SSOO.OOO. "    ' Moving with commando-like precision, tr.e robbers were armed with a sub-machine gun and revolvers, police reported. Mather. 93-year-oid honorary board chairman of the Cleve-and Cliffs Iron Companv, sletit through the entire operation. Stationing one man outside in case the burglar alarm went o'", the robbers entered the m i residence through a serva- ;• onirar.ee* Xont* of ihe -_ii servants heard their;. Then they sauntered into a second floor bedroom, where 3 fiO-year-olri Mrs. Mather v. s asleep and flashed the beam f a flashlight in her face. F e awoke to find a man stand' t over her with a sub mach::.e gun. She screamed. This woke Wr.i- aboul three days to the time it crossed iho (Continued on Paire 16) British Voting Reported Heavy In Crucial National Election . „ , , ,, - .    LONDON (AP) member Federal Commission to j potipie aimed at a i cooperate with state and local j ioaay as" they ' decide (Continued on Pape 6) Lausclie Tells Truman Coal Acutely Scarce K" By Associated Press Gov. Frank J. Lausche telegraphed President Truman today that “the coal supply in Ohio is growing acutely scarce." The governor also issued a proclamation appealing to Ohioans to conserve fuel. The governor’s telegram read: “The coal supply in Ohio is growing acutely scarce. Reports coming to me from throughout the state indicate that emergency situations have already arisen but local communities have been able thus far to solve Truman May Act In Called Rail Strike WASHINGTON — (API _ While Hnu«ie said today President Truman probabl'v create an emergency board to-mm-row or Saturday io head o,:f a threatened nationwide railroad strike. ^ The Brotherhood of Condtie-i tors and Trainmen have called ¡a strike for S a. m. Moncav. The Conductors and the Tra::> •The that w:il Ihe British) tion rncirnin£ forecast was for! The magazine argued record vote j occasional rain everywhere in ¡workers usually wait till agencies in voluntarily curbing I thevVmt a' SociaijV^ovemmlm^ il'vrR''somecllnu:.    ,U.u’!,;lil ; :o    ^    P»Ils !0b discrimination MsAin^t Np i , ,L- ,    ^ 1 ■ ' ho P™-Soeiaiisi \\ eckiy. might stay at home if the wenth-i joo discrimination against IMe-|to run their lit.le islano king-, News Statesman a tut Nation had f rr is bid Polls close at 9 u m    i- groes or other minorities    idom for another five years. | predicted that rain would hurt! (4 p. ii,. \'EST) and flmd re-‘ ^ ^ ^    Pr,> oower to°imW^°ue 'and rpim6 Heavy turnouts at the polls! Labnrities and help the Con-f suits are expected sometime Fri-!    ' -e tlor'ai lRaiiw:lv> power to mes.iK.uc and recom-uvere reported in the earlv hours servatives.    |dnv aftmioon    M,.dia, mend — but u couldn I issue |0f the crucial national '    ' men's Brotherhood refused cease and desist orders and get them enforced through federal court injunctions, as under the Administi ation bill. The Dixie members had tried since noon Tuesday to block House action on any kind of bill. They furccd repeated time- lection. more than The choice before 34.00u.000 voters: Re-election of Prime Minister Clement Attlee's labori tes, pledged to pin still more industries under state control : or a return to the Conservative rule of wartime Premier Winston consuming roll-call votes and | Churchill, who promised to hah tried several times to force ad- nationalization but keep most of long shutdown later next week. 2.    Set up a 11 p. m. closing hour for bars, clubs and other places which ordinarily close at 2 a. m.    ■    ' 3.    Ordered discontinuance of Monday night shopping hours for stores -and told owners of office buildings to keep temperatures at fi5 to 68 degrees. Pulling said the Pennsylvania Etectric Company, only utility in the lake port of 140,000, has but a 13-dav supply of coal. Erie's situation, while worse than some communities, is similar to conditions in towns across the land. Schools are closing a reas. in many Senate Leaders Gain More Authority For Red Spy Ring Probe WASHINGTON (AP) — Demo-| Republican meetings across the cratic Senate leaders wound up country, charging that card-car-today with even more authority i rying Communist Party workers than .they had asked to investi- are employed in the State De- gate charges by Senator McCarthy (R-Wis) that a Communist spy ring has been operating in the State Department, Republicans succeeded in getting the Democrats to accept several additions to the o^i^inal inquiry resolution. These' additions would give the inquiry group considerably more power. Senator Lucas (D-IU) said the Inquiry, to be made by the Sen-• ate Foreign Relations Comipit-tee. wilt need a few days to start rolling. He said the Senate probably must put up 550,000 to finance it. Senator McMahon (D-Conn) *vas spoken of in Senate debate as the probable chairman of the Foreign Relations sub-group which will sift the charges. McCarthy touched off the inquiry by a‘ series of speeches at partment When McCarthy amplified his accusations on the Senate floor Democratic Leader Lucas quickly called for a showdown by asking the investigation by the Foreign Relations' Committee. After hours of angry debate. Republicans got Lucas to accept these additions to his inquiry: 1. A directive to the investigating group “to procure by subpoena the secret govern- menf loyalty and employment! enough coal to last for some files of government employees I time, Busch said. them by getting special service. “The point will be reached within a few days where solution will no longer will be possible. I give you this information so you will be acquainted with my view of the situation in Ohio.” Lausche’s proclamation appealed to Ohioans to '‘fallow a course under which the available supply will be distributed in accordance with need.” The governor said he had received reports that some consumers, with an adequate supply of coal on hand, were acquiring more. _ He urged them io discontinue, for the time being, acquiring more coal so that allocations can be made to relieve emergency situations that might arise.” Two universities in Ohio today had critically low . tocks of coal due to the miners* strike. In Columbus. Ohio State University officials are to meet to discuss conservation steps. They said the school’s present supply would last only about a week,! even if temperatures remain above freezing. In Cincinnati,    Norman P. Auburn said the University of Cincinnati's coal supply remains critical even though the school yesterday managed to get a week’s supply. Walter Busch, executive secretary of thé Cincinnati Coal and Coke Merchants Association, said practically all coal for domestic users is gone. He added: “’Monday broke our back. If the miners had gone back then, we would have come through this all right, As it is. we must, conserve every possible bit (of domestic coal.)” However, Cincinnati public schools and hospitals have journment. Rut thi> Administration Democrats and a sizeable group of Republicans, raking note of their political platform promises, made clear ihey were willing to sit it out all night and again today if necessary to wear down the southerners. All through the debate the Administration's floor managers held the upper hand — until about midnight, when the southerners almost forced adjournment. Then, on the big vote some three hours later. Administration strategy backfired. The Truman forces had planned to approve tentatively the McConnell substitute, then defeat it on a roll-call and revert to the original Administration bill a.s the finished product that would go to the Senate. But the roll-call showed 221 for the substitute and 378 against it. with 104 Republicans Gun-Toting Non-Union Workers Mining Coal .Pittsburgh (api Omani's weKare state security measures. The voting was expected to be close. Victory or defeat for the I Labor:tes —. m power since July. 1945 — hangs chiefly on domestic issues. For these people of England. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland neither party promised any relaxation of the bleak austerity under which Britons! have lived since wartime police and roving pickets play ed a grim game of “hide-and go-seek' today while non-union miners earned guns 1o enforce their right to work during the soft coal strike. Western Pennsylvania’s ice-coated highways were patrolled by stale policemen on the alert for new outbreaks such as occurred sporadicallv yesterday. State: wreck coal mine equipment no party has suggested dropping the ambitious social services established after the Laborites came to power in 1945. So ilv? choice of Mr. and Mrs. I Peace officers in oilier And¡ roal-produeir.g states West Virginia, violence. Three diggers were yesterday at a strip including for soft. protection as they worked also feared new; despite the current strike of j John L. Lewis United Mine beaten W°rkers. (surface) | hi West Virginia, peace offi-j John Bull is based on which kinriimlnc nMr Clearfield, Pa. Thejcers cracked down on 35 pickets of government thev think will!1"™ wha J”£l'cied the beatings arrested earlier in the week ont keep the breadwinner employed I Promised to return in f u 11    <>f conspiracy. Fourteen j lower their heavy taxes, boost! strength today.    % lehobs ptinty inen were held I their salaries and cut their living! A 200-man caravan also struck' 1,1    bail eac.i ior the Green- costs. Many ion Board. Together, the uniqjis represent between 200.000 and 250.000 workorsi Appointment of a Presider.;:al fact-find ins board under the railway labor act requires .1 sides in the dispute to retain ii'j status quo, The board has U0 days after the board's report .s submitted, according to the Id-..-. A spokesman for the era iati men's brotherhood in Clevch" i said the union would comply wiih the legal procedures. The uu^'rts' principal dernard is for a 40-hour week for sor.e 85.000 yard service emuloves, non-umon mine near Clearfield, j    f,5,frOTTl thdr , ; u 4 s,\n    ■ i 1 pi t\*em 4tf-i:our sciiic- said about 500 men were m the j xef,otia;ions bo,an gioup which attacked his men.; ve:u. ai}0i Tho U!Jon; An one was injured seriously. i |g chaii Many non-union miners cors-jntltj t£10 nation's carriers aske tmueii lOday to carrv shotguns, i rnr 17 revolvers and tear'gas bombs! two strip mines near Ligonier, \ Pa., and coal was dumped at aj big loading platform near Mur-raysville. Pa.    j Harry Finberg. owner of the)] nearly a asked tVr in operating ru!;s. (Continued on Pa^e 28) Poland To Represent Bulgaria, Is Report # SOFTA, BULGARIA — (AP)— Bulgaria announced today that Poland has agreed to represent her in the United States.    , . The United States broke diplo-jcold winter drizzles and nasty matic relations with Bulgaria [ mists to cast their ballots. Tuesday.__i The air ministry’s special clec- the more than 50,000 polling sta- to dump their loads of coal, tions before opening time in the! Slorigo hammers were used gray winter dawn at 7 o'clock this morning (2 a. m. EST). Workeers in industrial Birmingham were stopping in at the polls on their way to work. In Several London sections voters were scratching their ballots at the rate of three a minute. In London and many parts of eastern England the voters had I two mines near Pittsburgh and j 'er Grand Jury in April, .\ine-j forced i    rnen and women were; BULLETINS XEW YORK — fAP) — Lavrrne Roach, popular Teicas middleweight bo.ver. died today at 12:50 p. ni.. EST. of head injuriees received la^t nielit in Josins a 10-round fijrhl to Georffe Small of Brooklyn. Britons were at some of! five truck drivers were dry weather. But in western England and in Scotland- many of them had to trudge through HusbaiuFs Plea Said Cause Of (Mercy Killing9 The Lawyers facing charges. This was spon sored by Senator Ferguson fR-Mich). 2. A requirement bv Senators Morse fR-Ore) and Saltonstall (R-Mass) for open DUblie hear- (Contfnued on T»fe 2«) The Akron coal exchange is to meet so dealer members can find out the extent of the coal shortage. Half the coal yards in Akron are reported empty, and no coal (Continued on Paite 16) BY GORDON MARTIN When the lawyers go conventioning they form a motley crew, which has corporation counsel and divorce attorneys too. There are gents who handle everything from copyrights to wills, and the boys who bring collection suits to clean up past-due bills. And at any bar convention, all the lawyers are serene, and for once nobody asks the judge for leave to intervene. There's the o!d-time jury orator whose shock of snow-white hair has become an institution in the courtroom everywhere. He's the one who pounds the tabic, saying justice must prevail, and 'twould be a grievous error if his client goes to jail. There’s the struggling, youthful law school grad who's rented office space, and who goes around in quiet prayer: “My kingdom for a case!" And the speakers give with speeches of the lawyer's noble chance, and they frown upon a brother who would chase an ambulance. There is fun and mirth aplenty and a round of gay affairs, since attorneys in convention know the whole 'dam town is theirs. And when homeward goes the lawyer, he deposes and attests that he had himself a bang-up time and now the plain- Í&É MAHTIN ( MANCHESTER, N. J. — (AP) — The slate said today that Dr. Hermann N. Sander admitted killing a 59-year-old cancer patient with air injections andt claimed he did it at the pleading! of her husband to relieve her| suffering.    j Attorney General William L.j Phinnev made the assertion as’ he outlined the state’s ease! against the 41~year~oId doctor to | a ]3-man jury trying him for murder.    [ Speaking softly and Phinnev quoted Dr. Sander as saying he knew he “might have broken a law but that the law was not right nx and should be changed." Dr, Sander is charged specifically with killing Mrs. Abbie Borroto by giving her air injections as she lay dyinK of cancer in Hill.sboro County nospital last: ordered io apnear for a hearing [before a magistrate Saturday. In Kentucky, the Knox County grand jury continued its probe of disturbances at two mines near Barboursville. Pennsylvania's state police patrols were on duty earlier ihan usual today, using radioequipped cars to enable them to; converge on any reported trou-j ble spot.    ! S.AN niEGO. Cal. — (AP> Kire broke out at 10 a. m.. today aboard the Aircrs/t Carrier Valley Fonte, docked at the Naval Air station. 11th Naval District Headquarters reported. The San Dieffo fire department dispatched ils fire boat and patrcl boat to stand by. Extent of the blaze was not immediately known. Administration Seen Set Against Seeking Atomic Peace Parley WASHINGTON. CAP) — Evi-j dence piled up today that the slowly. I Truman Administration :s dead set against seeking an atomic peace conference with Russia at1 this time.    L Democratic Club here las: night, he declared: “The pressure which is building up for a conference o: some sort with the Soviet Uruon. in ray opinion, is d.tngeroui; would From President Truman him- immediately place us in a position self came a warning "must not be misled by thei hope of finding quick andj the lia- I of despair and defeatism." Durham thus appeared to taka a position in conflict with Senator tiff rests. December 4 Phinnev quoted the doctor as saying this: •‘Because of Mr. Brroto’s pleadings and because Mr. Borroto was a good tnend of his probably in a moment of weakness ne injected the air.” Phinney said Sander, also in reply to a question from Dr. Robert Biron. county medical rofe-:ee, said he t-vrni Mrs. Bor- ff'^nHnurd on Paft 16) solutions’’ for the world's} McMahon (D-Conn). the commit-* ‘    ‘ - - - ■    chairman, McMahon has ad vocated that the United States undertake a S50.000.000.000 piograr.t of foreign aid, including bet!o:':-s io Russia, as a bold effort to obtain an early international | tion vain easy difficulties—of which the atomic arms race is one of the greatest. Instead, the President declared in a speech honoring George Washington yesterday that the United States and other Democracies must stick to the “hard men; for control of atomic energy, path” of building up the strength j Durham specified ths: he iws of the free world in its struggle i expressing a personal opinion, with Communism.    1 Nevertheless, what he said cicsc'y The vice chairman of the Sen- j parallels the known opinion held ate-House Atomic Energy Com- , by top State Department officials m:ttoe. Representative Durham; and possibly by Hr. Truman him-(D-NO. meanwhile directly at- self. tackc-.l •'■ ■ -i-'iV ;■’! ,v- c*. This view is that there is n» id \ i [ ' „ I > ~    .    “■*'— d speech for the -North Carolina) <Omin<ie<i on Put 2*> ;