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Lima News, The (Newspaper) - April 18, 1976, Lima, Ohio f DST-America's annual bout with confusion NEW YORK (AP) Back in the 1700s, frugal Benjamin Franklin proposed an idea for saving at least one hour a day. Franklin called his idea "Daylight Saving Time." His reputation as a scientist was so great in America and in Europe where he had been the first American to receive an Honorary Degree from Oxford Univer- sity and was serving as the first American Minister to France that nearly everybody believes that his proposal was made for purely scientific reasons. Not so. Ben loved science, but he also loved parties. At the Court of King Louis XVI and his fun-loving Queen, Marie-Antoinette, Franklin was a great favorite and Ben considered it his duty as a U.S. diplomat never to leave a big party too early. Consequently, getting up late one morn- ing after having stayed up late the night before, Franklin wished the day included just one hour more of daylight and he relayed his thoughts to the King. All that had to be done to assure one extra hour of daylight at the end of the day was to push the hour hand of a clock forward one hour. The king allegedly kept thinking about this revolutionary American idea until the French Revolution, and then the revolutionaries took all his clocks away from him. According to Bulova Watch Company's researchers. DST was not adopted by anybody until nearly 150 years later, dur- ing World War I as a temporary emergency measure to aid the war effort. To be specific, DST cut electric power consumption in war plants by adding an extra hour of daylight at the end of the business day, while simultaneously mak- ing wartime plant blackouts more effec- tive. Today, most but not all American com- munities move clock and watch hands ahead an hour when DST starts, back when it ends. But many people, including experts on time, refer to DST as "America's annual bout with confusion" because observance has not been uniform throughout the nation. For example, at 2 a.m. on April more than 100 million Americans living in 20 states advanced clocks, watches and other timepieces by one hour. But more than 80 million other citizens either were not scheduled to go on DST at all or were to do so on a later date in the spring. There were then 18 states that observed DST on a statewide basis, and 18 other states where it was observed in some way. In addition, there were and are isolated areas and communities across the country that observe what has been described as "wildcat a sort of voluntary com- pliance by everybody without any formal legal sanction. In Indiana there was no of- ficial state time at all. In Pennsylvania, on the other hand, the state was on Standard Time, but 600 communities moved to DST on their own. In parts of Texas, North Dakota and Alaska some 500.000 Americans observe (See DST, Page A2) "What are the qualities that make for success? Judgment, industry, health, and the greatest of these is judgment." -Lord Beaverbrook A Freedom Newspaper The Lima News Serving Northwest Ohio More Than 91 Years Sunday, April, 18, 1976 92 pages, 6 sections 35 cents Ford mum Minot residents Switch Join guardsmen to bolster dikes car DETROIT (AP) The Maverick and Mercury Cornet lines at Ford Motor Co. will be replaced with a new line of compact cars, according to the Metalworking News. The new line of cars is expected to come into the market for the 1978 model run, the publication said in its April 19 edition. A Ford spokesman refused to comment on the report Sat- urday. Metalworking News said the new line of cars will become the "bread and butter" units in Ford's compact stable. The new cars, according to the new- spaper, will offer some improve- ments over the MavericK and Comet models in fuel economy, driving per- formance and resistance to corrosion. "The Maverick-Comet re- placement project has been an- ticipated for some time, and it is a part of Ford's much publicized Fox product development program, which began a few years ago with the in- troduction of the Mustang EL'' the newspaper said. "The Fox program involves a revision of all of Ford's smaller cars prior to 1980." Metalworking News said Ford plants in Sterling Heights, Mich., Kansas City. Mo., Lima, Ohio, and Sharonville. Ohio, would be involved in the new-model program. don't comment on future products, for competitive the Ford spokesman said. MINOT, N.D. (AP) Flood waters of the rising Souris River came within six inches of the top of Minot's elaborate dike system Saturday, prompting urgent calls for more volunteers to shore up the threatened barricades. Mayor Chester Reiten went on local radio and televison to appeal for volunteers to sandbag dikes along the west side of the city as river water ate away at the earthen dikes. City officials said the dikes on the west side of the city were the weakest link in the dike system. City Manager John Arnold said the situation was "hairy." About persons were evacuated from low-lying areas in Minot, population in the past week. Gov. Arthur A Link authorized 100 more National Guardsmen to help build dikes, bring the total number of guardsmen in Minot to 160. Arnold said the additional men were needed to join several hundred volunteers who were stretching heavy plastic across the dikes and laying sandbags to shore up eroding bar- riers. Meanwhile. 10 churches in the evacuated area of Minot have rented theaters, borrowed empty buildings or will be sharing chapels as the News update Corruption crackdown Widow denied funds EAST ST. LOUIS. 111. (AP; The police chief, an administrative assis- tant to the mayor, the director of public safety and a police officer became the latest public figures to be charged with official corruption here Saturday. Chief Harold Gene Moore. 40. and Safety Director J. Cedell Mosley. 68. were arrested on charges of official misconduct on allegations of condon- ing, permitting and protecting gam- bling operations, according to St. Clair County officials. They were ar- rested after being called to the county court house in Belleville shortly after 1 a.m. Leroy Roberts! 57. assistant to Mayor William E. Mason, was ar- rested at his home. Police Lt. Joseph R. Bonner, 50. was arrested on the street. Roberts and Bonner were charged with accepting money for the protection of gambling. Frisco tieup supported SAN FRANCISCO up lo Israelis The march was organized by Israeli rightists as a snow of support lor Israel's control of the region Israeli soldiers moved into a crowd of Arab youths after an internal iwlilical demonstration in Ramallah iurned violent, and 1he crowd began hurting stones, the military command said NEW YORK (AP) United Brands has refused to pay a pension and deferred salary benefits to the widow of Eli M. Black, the company's chairman who committed suicide just before revelation of a bribery scan- dal. Black jumped from his office win- dow on Feb. 3. 1975, shortly before it was disclosed that the company had paid S1.25 million in .bribes for favorable tax treatment in Honduras, from which the company imports "Chiquita" bananas. evacuees prepare to celebrate Easter Sunday. The Rev. David Badgley's First Congregational Church rented a col- lege theater so they wouldn't have to borrow a church. "It is so important at this time to hold together. The church-goers have a need for familiarity of their own type of worship." The minister, whose family has already been evacuated from their home, said his Resurrection message would relate directly to the flood threat which forced evacuation of a third of his congregation. The 160 families attending the First Congregational church are no strangers to evacuation. They have relocated several times before. In 1969 the church was flooded and refur- bishing costs totaled His congregation pays a service for the college theater "and they've rented it for two weeks. He uses what he called his "instant church kit." He carries hymnals, a cross and offering plates in the trunk of his car. Robert Barnicle of the National Weather Service said 1.67 inches of rain was measured at Minot on Satur- day, but it wasn't known yet what ef- fect it would have on the river. It would undoubtedly increase the crest level, but perhaps for only a short time. He said the crest was now expected Sunday night, but he explained the river level was to fall more than the six inches by Tuesday. "It will be at crest for just a short time and then right back down." James Ruyak of the Army Corps of Engineers said the slightly higher crest did pose some problems. But he added. "We can scrape off the mud and build the levees higher. "I don't see it as insurmountable." In today's News Bicentennial series ..............D16 Business Classified Deaths ...........................A4 Editorial .........................A6 Sports TV Schedule.....................B15 Women's MINOT CITIZENS watch the Souris River as it flows through the city between high dikes. The homes in the background would be flooded to about window level if the dikes break. The men are standing on a high bridge in the center of Minot. Easter, American style, gets special sendoff for children By The Associated Press While traditional services were planned for Easter throughout the na- iipn. Saturday belonged to the kids. In Lexington. Ky., what was billed as the world's largest ice cream Easter egg, a egg-shaped glob of vanilla ice cream decorated with gallons of food coloring, was prepared for .the Shively Jaycees Easter Egg Hunt at the Kentucky State Fairgrounds. A spokesman for French-Bauer Ice Cream Co. said the ice cream Easter egg. made of 270 gallons of vanilla, was dished out to the hundreds of children at the lunch. "The board of health said we couldn't use real eggs so we got 17.000 plastic eggs to place over the Mike Snortum. vice president of the Jaycees said. "Different people started donating things so we looked up the world's largest Easter egg hunt and found it had featured a 550-pound chocolate egg. so we decided to top that." Snor- tum said. "Hugh Heffner is sending two Playboy bunnies out of Chicago." Snortum added, "but we've told them they will have to be properly attired because, alter all, it's Easter." In Union Grove. N.C.. a sunrise ser- vice was planned for Sunday but on Saturday a record throng officially set at about mostly in their 20s showed up for the third and Final day of the 52nd annual Old Time Fiddlers Convention. Temperatures were in the high 80s as some 200 bands, old-time and Bluegrass, competed for top honors to be announced Sunday. In all. in prize money was to be distributed, with the top fiddler pulling down Sl.OOO. Police said there were about 175 ar- rests, mostly on alcohol or minor drug charges. But they said unlike Sunny, warm Mostly sunny and continued warm today, with highs in the low and mid 80s. "Partly cloudy tonight and Mon- day. Lows tonight in the upper 50s and low 60s. Highs Monday in the upper 70s and low 80s. Chance of rain near zero per cent today and 20 per cent tonight. Saturday's high was 82. Weather map Page A-4. past years no hard drug problems had surfaced, although this year's crowd was larger than last year's. In Springfield, S.C., the governor's annual frog jump drew 200 entrants. However, Flip the frog, the defending champ, was not entered this year. He jumped 14 feet, 10 inches last year. The winner represents South Carolina at the National Frog Jumping Jubilee in Calaveras County, Calif. There also was an essay contest for youngsters aged 6 through 12. The entries were to be original as possible and based on the theme: "Famous Frogs in American History, Fact or In Denver, health and humane society officials warned that Easter pets bought for children may not have been such a good idea. Officials say chances are the bun- nies and ducklings and chicks may be disease carriers and probably will come to an unhappy end because of unwitting poor treatment from their new owners. Not only that, but in many areas, they're illegal. The animals "just can't take the (See EASTER, Page A4) Couple makes wedding bells ring anew each anniversary RICHARD AND CARMEN Szladowski received ttieir sixth marriage certificate Saturday. The conple calls yearly remarriage "a senti- mental thing." PORTLAND. Ore. (AP) Richard and Carmen Szladowski stepped before the judge Saturday, murmured their vows and were pronounced man and wife for the sixth time. "It's a sentimental said the 41-year-old Szladowski. a systems analyst at California State University in Long Beach. "It's a way of demonstrating to each other that we love each other and enjoy being mar- ried to each other." The Szladowskis tied Ihe knot for the first lime at 11 a.m on April 17. 3971, in a Roman Catholic ceremony jn Los Angeles. On each anniversary since, at approximately the same time of day. they've been remarried in a civil ceremony Settings for the renewed nuptials have been Las Vegas, Phoenix, Salt Lake City, Albuquerque and. now, Portland. "It was one of those things that just started Szladowski said. "On our first anniversary we wanted to do something. 1 said. 'Why don't we just go to Las Vegas and get married "My wife thought it was a nice idea Carmen Sriadowsfci admils to a case of Ibc nerves each lime. "I'm afraid something will go wrong." she said. Carmen Szladowski. 31. is a native of Quito. Ecuador. The couple said the wedding trips give her a chance lo explore the Un'iled States. Tbe dcnvskis have no children. "We've been loo busy getting Szladowski quipped. Before each new ceremony, the Szladowskis have applied for a mar- riage license and obtained a certified health certificate from a physician. Most judges have waived the re- quired waiting period. Szladowski said many judges were initially "stunned" at Ihe couple's re- quest to be remarried, but decided there was nothing illegal about it "Thev decided we could be issued as many licenses as we paid Szladowski said. "I guess it's revenue." Szladowski admitted it might be simpler to bypass the legalities and simply renew marriage vows each year. "But we just thought it would be nice to have a certificate." he said. "It's like a lot of other things. It just started and now we just want to see how far we can go. Some day one of us will get sick or will be unable to get away, and that will be the end of it." Alabama panel probes 'stitch pulling' incident MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) A doctor accused of pulling newly sewn stitches from the arm of a boy who couldn't pay his bill is being in- vestigated by the state Board of Medical Examiners, tbe board's at- torney said Saturday. Jack Mooresmith said a "thorough investigation" was underway in the case involving Dr. Bobby Merkle of Unionlown Mooresmith said results of the probe would be made public. The board has the power 1o revoke a doctor's license to practice medicine in the slate. Mooresmith said it can initiate an investigation on its own and that the board chairman. Dr. Leon Hamnck of Fair-field, had called for tbe action. He said examiners have asked the Perry County circuit court clerk for all records from the Merkle case. An all-white circuit court jury in the Per- ry County town of Maricm on Tuesday awarded to a black youth. Melvin Armstrong, who had sued the doctor for Merkle is accused of removing stitches he had just sewn into the boy's arm when he learned Armstrong couldn't pay tha 525 fee. The incident occurred m July 3974, when Armstrong was 13, but the case did not go to trial until last week.
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